CN102211052A - Flexible fiber material cutting, crushing and scattering device - Google Patents

Flexible fiber material cutting, crushing and scattering device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102211052A
CN102211052A CN 201010266667 CN201010266667A CN102211052A CN 102211052 A CN102211052 A CN 102211052A CN 201010266667 CN201010266667 CN 201010266667 CN 201010266667 A CN201010266667 A CN 201010266667A CN 102211052 A CN102211052 A CN 102211052A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
frame
cutting
feeding
rotor
feeding roller
Prior art date
Application number
CN 201010266667
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈晓敏
Original Assignee
福建省大德投资发展有限公司
陈晓敏
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 福建省大德投资发展有限公司, 陈晓敏 filed Critical 福建省大德投资发展有限公司
Priority to CN 201010266667 priority Critical patent/CN102211052A/en
Publication of CN102211052A publication Critical patent/CN102211052A/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a flexible fiber material cutting, crushing and scattering device, which comprises a frame, a feed conveyor device, a feeding delivery device, a cutting device and a power transmission device, wherein the feeding delivery device comprises upper and lower feeding roll components arranged on the front sides of an output port of the feed conveyor device; the cutting device comprises a knife roll arranged on the front side of the output port of the feeding delivery device, moving knifes arranged at the periphery of the knife roll, and fixed knifes arranged on the frame; feeding rolls of the upper and lower feeding roll components are rotated in opposite directions under the drive of the power transmission device so as to realize feeding delivery; the front side of the output port of the cutting device is provided with a hammer crushing and scattering device which comprises a cutter support driven by the power transmission device to rotate, hammers connected to the periphery of the cutter support, and a hood sleeve at the outer peripheries of the cutter support and the hammers; and the hood is provided with an arc inner wall matched with the rotating hammers to crush materials. The flexible fiber material cutting, crushing and scattering device can cut, crush and scatter the materials, and eliminate material caking and agglomerating phenomena.

Description

Device is broken up in the cutting and grinding of soft fiber material

Technical field

The present invention relates to the cutting and grinding of a kind of soft fiber material and break up device, it mainly is applicable to breaks up the pulverizing of soft fiber class material in cutting process such as oil palm empty fruit clusters, avoids presenting phenomenons such as the piece that hardens, sticking group after the cutting.

Background technology

The following weak point of existing material cutting and crushing device ubiquity: (1) can only be applicable to the cutting and crushing of rigid fibrous material such as wood type, make material reach technological requirement effect even, in small, broken bits, usually will be in body brokenly repeatedly spread with beating, the screen device through being located at the moving knife periphery sieves out in the hope of reaching its purpose again.For oil-containing, contain for the extremely strong soft fiber materials such as oil palm empty fruit cluster of moisture adhesiveness, this device is just inapplicable, hangs on the screen cloth because material can adhere to, and can't normally discharge, to pass through charging continuously, ability extruded material after the space fills up in the body, can make repeatedly operating equipment often run into obstruction like this, output is reduced greatly, and the wearing and tearing of quickening equipment, even the reduction service life of equipment, in addition, also increased the power consumption of machine utilization.Otherwise, do not rely on mesh screen choosing, then can't solve the piece that hardens after the cutting, a sticking group property and even problem in small, broken bits.(2) because in the cutting and crushing process, the moving knife and the stationary knife of device interior wear and tear easily, need often to change and safeguard, and the position of stationary knife are in frame inside, therefore each Installation And Calibration to stationary knife and moving knife all will expend a lot of time and efforts, has so also influenced operating efficiency.(3) in the charging course of conveying, often there is the rigid thing of metal species to become entrained in access arrangement in the material, causes moving knife, stationary knife in the equipment often to damage.

Summary of the invention

In order to solve above-mentioned existing in prior technology defective, the invention provides the cutting and grinding of a kind of soft fiber material and break up device, it can cut, pulverize and break up material, eliminates harden piece and sticking group's property phenomenon in the material.

Technical solution of the present invention is to constitute like this, device is broken up in the cutting and grinding of a kind of soft fiber material, it comprises frame and the charging conveying device of being located on the frame, the feeding conveyer, shearing device and actuating unit, described feeding conveyer comprises upper feed roll assembly and the following feeding roller assembly of being located at charging conveying device delivery outlet front side, described shearing device comprises the rotor of being located at feeding conveyer delivery outlet front side, be installed on moving knife around the rotor and the moving knife that is used for rotates that is installed on the frame and cooperate the stationary knife of shearing material, described rotor realizes that feeding transmits by the actuating unit driven rotary thereby the feeding roller of described upper feed roll assembly and following feeding roller assembly is the rightabout rotation by the actuating unit drive; It is characterized in that: also be provided with the hammer leaf pulverizing in the delivery outlet front side of shearing device and break up device, described hammer leaf is pulverized and is broken up device and comprise by the cutterhead frame of actuating unit driven rotary, be connected in the hammer leaf around the cutterhead frame and be placed on the cutterhead frame and the cover body of hammer leaf outside, and described cover body is provided with and is used for cooperating with the hammer leaf that rotates the arc inner wall of comminuting matter.

The operation principle of technique scheme of the present invention is described as follows: material is transported in the feeding conveyer by the charging conveying device, transmit through the upper feed roll assembly of feeding conveyer and the cooperation of following feeding roller assembly again, in transmitting material arrival clipped position process, both material being carried out feeding transmits, again material is carried out suitable extruding, make material be convenient to shear.When material is exported by the feeding conveyer, by the moving knife of rotor driven rotary be installed under the mating reaction of the stationary knife on the frame, material is sheared (though the material of having sheared this moment reaches all requirements of even and fine weak point substantially, also having a large amount of harden piece and sticking agglomerate phenomenon).Afterwards, the material of having sheared is transported to the hammer leaf pulverizing and breaks up place, device place, pulverize at hammer leaf under the mating reaction of the hammer leaf break up device and cover body, material is further pulverized to be broken up, thorough harden a piece and a sticking group phenomenon of eliminating in the material makes material be cut pulverizing and breaks up comparatively evenly in small, broken bitsly.And further improve the property even in small, broken bits of material if desired, also can once shear again and operation is broken up in pulverizing.

In addition, technique scheme of the present invention has also been done following improvement:

For fear of sticking in the clipped position that cooperates that partial material on the moving knife rotates to rotor top with moving knife or takes back moving knife and stationary knife again, thereby influence the shearing work of follow-up material, the side of rotor also is provided with the material scraping plate that the moving knife that is used for rotates that is installed on the frame cooperates scraper, and described material scraping plate and stationary knife lay respectively at the two opposite sides of rotor.Like this, after shearing, there is partial material to stick on the moving knife and when rotating to the material scraping plate position,, when material is further sheared material scraped, make it enter down one pulverizing and break up operation by cooperating of material scraping plate and moving knife with moving knife.

For the ease of adjusting the relative position of moving knife and stationary knife, the link position of described material scraping plate and frame is adjustable, and the link position of described moving knife and rotor is adjustable.Adjust material scraping plate so earlier to suitable precalculated position, by adjusting the position of the relative material scraping plate of moving knife, can adjust the position of the relative stationary knife of moving knife again.

For when convey materials passes through the feeding conveyer, can avoid material to stop up the feeding conveyer, can carry out suitable extruding to material again, it is big that described upper feed roll assembly and following feeding roller assembly are rear openings, the crocodile mouth shape that front openings is little, wherein descend the feeding roller assembly to be installed on the frame, the upper feed roll assembly is installed on the movable support body, the rear side and the frame of described movable support body are articulated and connected by jointed shaft, between the front side of described movable support body and the frame by the elastic top push-and-pull tightly device be connected, thereby make the leading section of upper feed roll assembly draw close down the leading section of feeding roller assembly as far as possible.

For the rigid thing that prevents metal species becomes entrained in access arrangement in the material, cause moving knife, stationary knife in the equipment to damage, and influence shearing work, the passage top or the side of charging conveying device are provided with metal detector.

Compared to prior art, the present invention has the following advantages:

(1) not only can be used to cutting and grinding and break up the soft fiber material, and the cutting and grinding of soft fiber material can be got very even in small, broken bitsly, avoid the material phenomenons such as piece, sticking agglomerate that occur hardening.

(2) setting by material scraping plate, not only can avoid sticking in the clipped position that cooperates that partial material on the moving knife rotates to rotor top with moving knife or takes back moving knife and stationary knife again, thereby influence the shearing work of follow-up material, but also help adjusting the relative position of moving knife and stationary knife by material scraping plate.

(3) when convey materials passes through the feeding conveyer, can avoid material to stop up the feeding conveyer, can carry out suitable extruding to material again.

(4) since above the passage of charging conveying device or side be provided with metal detector, therefore can prevent that the rigid thing of metal species is mingled in the material and influences cutting work.

(5) pulverizing the priority of breaing up device by shearing device and hammer leaf cooperates, can break up the material cutting and grinding, make material reach the desired even dispersion purpose in small, broken bits of technology, can avoid again in the past because of adopting screen cloth to cooperate phenomenons such as screening equipment obstruction, wearing and tearing, power load that material caused are big with moving knife, not only improved production efficiency greatly, and reduced the wearing and tearing of equipment and used electrical power consumed, improved the service life of equipment.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is an embodiment of the invention organigram.

Number in the figure explanation: 1-frame; 2-charging conveying device; 3-feeding conveyer, 31-upper feed roll assembly, feeding roller assembly under the 32-; The 4-shearing device, 41-rotor, 42-moving knife, 43-stationary knife, 44-material scraping plate; 51-master's motor, 52-cycloid speed reducer, 53-cycloid speed reducer, 54-pulverizer motor; The 6-hammer leaf is pulverized and is broken up device, 61-cutterhead frame, 62-hammer leaf, 63-cover body; The movable support body of 7-, the 71-jointed shaft; The push-and-pull of 8-elastic top is tightly installed, the 9-metal detector.

The specific embodiment

Below in conjunction with specification drawings and specific embodiments content of the present invention is elaborated:

Be illustrated in figure 1 as a kind of soft fiber material provided by the invention cutting and grinding and break up device, it comprises frame 1 and the charging conveying device of being located on the frame 12, feeding conveyer 3, shearing device 4 and actuating unit, described feeding conveyer 3 comprises upper feed roll assembly 31 and the following feeding roller assembly 32 of being located at charging conveying device 2 delivery outlet front sides, described shearing device 4 comprises the rotor 41 of being located at feeding conveyer 3 delivery outlet front sides, be installed on moving knife 42 around the rotor 41 and the moving knife that is used for rotates 42 that is installed on the frame 1 and cooperate the stationary knife 43 of shearing material, described rotor 41 realizes that feeding transmits by the actuating unit driven rotary thereby the feeding roller of described upper feed roll assembly 31 and following feeding roller assembly 32 is the rightabout rotation by the actuating unit drive; It is characterized in that: also be provided with the hammer leaf pulverizing in the delivery outlet front side of shearing device 4 and break up device 6, described hammer leaf is pulverized and is broken up device 6 and comprise by the cutterhead frame 61 of actuating unit driven rotary, be connected in the hammer leaf 62 around the cutterhead frame 61 and be placed on cutterhead frame 61 and the cover body 63 of hammer leaf 62 outsides, and described cover body 63 is provided with the arc inner wall that the hammer leaf 62 that is used for and rotates cooperates comminuting matter.

The side of rotor 41 also is provided with the material scraping plate 44 that the moving knife that is used for rotates 42 that is installed on the frame 1 cooperates scraper, and described material scraping plate 44 and stationary knife 43 lay respectively at the two opposite sides of rotor 41.

Described material scraping plate 44 is adjustable with the link position of frame 1, and described moving knife 42 is adjustable with the link position of rotor 41.

Described upper feed roll assembly 31 and following feeding roller assembly 32 are the crocodile mouth shape that rear openings is big, front openings is little, wherein descend feeding roller assembly 32 to be installed on the frame 1, upper feed roll assembly 31 is installed on the movable support body 7, the rear side of described movable support body 7 and frame 1 are articulated and connected by jointed shaft 71, be connected by the tight device 8 of elastic top push-and-pull between the front side of described movable support body 7 and the frame 1, thereby make the leading section of upper feed roll assembly 31 draw close down the leading section of feeding roller assembly 32 as far as possible.The tight device 8 of elastic top push-and-pull can be made up of hydraulic jack or cylinder.

The passage top or the side of charging conveying device 2 are provided with metal detector 9.

According to the needs of material degree of grinding, can consider that also pulverizing the delivery outlet front side of breaing up device 6 at hammer leaf is provided with a cover or shearing device 4 or hammer leaf reducing mechanism 6 more than the cover again.

As shown in Figure 1, be used for driving independent respectively setting of actuating unit of the feeding roller of charging conveying device 2, upper feed roll assembly 31, the feeding roller that descends feeding roller assembly 32, rotor 41, hammer leaf reducing mechanism 6, wherein main motor 51 drives rotor 41 by transmission component, cycloid speed reducer 52 drives feeding roller assembly 32 and charging conveying device 2 down by transmission component, cycloid speed reducer 53 drives upper feed roll assembly 31 by transmission component, and pulverizer motor 54 drives the hammer leaf pulverizing by transmission component and breaks up device 6.Certainly the concrete distribution of actuating unit and layout can be different according to producing actual needs.

Claims (5)

1. device is broken up in soft fiber material cutting and grinding, it comprises frame (1) and is located at charging conveying device (2) on the frame (1), feeding conveyer (3), shearing device (4) and actuating unit, described feeding conveyer (3) comprises upper feed roll assembly (31) and the following feeding roller assembly (32) of being located at charging conveying device (2) delivery outlet front side, described shearing device (4) comprises the rotor (41) of being located at feeding conveyer (3) delivery outlet front side, be installed on rotor (41) all around moving knife (42) and the moving knife that is used for rotates (42) that is installed on the frame (1) cooperate the stationary knife (43) of shearing material, described rotor (41) is by the actuating unit driven rotary, described upper feed roll assembly (31) and following feeding roller assembly (32) thus feeding roller drive by actuating unit and be the rightabout rotation and realize that feeding transmits; It is characterized in that: also be provided with the hammer leaf pulverizing in the delivery outlet front side of shearing device (4) and break up device (6), described hammer leaf pulverize break up device (6) comprise by the cutterhead frame (61) of actuating unit driven rotary, be connected in cutterhead frame (61) all around hammer leaf (62) and be placed on cutterhead frame (61) and the cover body (63) of hammer leaf (62) outside, described cover body (63) is provided with and is used for cooperating with the hammer leaf that rotates (62) arc inner wall of comminuting matter.
2. device is broken up in soft fiber material according to claim 1 cutting and grinding, it is characterized in that: the side of rotor (41) also is provided with the material scraping plate (44) that the moving knife that is used for rotates (42) that is installed on the frame (1) cooperates scraper, and described material scraping plate (44) and stationary knife (43) lay respectively at the two opposite sides of rotor (41).
3. device is broken up in soft fiber material according to claim 2 cutting and grinding, it is characterized in that: described material scraping plate (44) is adjustable with the link position of frame (1), and described moving knife (42) is adjustable with the link position of rotor (41).
4. break up device according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 described soft fiber material cutting and grinding, it is characterized in that: it is big that described upper feed roll assembly (31) and following feeding roller assembly (32) are rear openings, the crocodile mouth shape that front openings is little, wherein descend feeding roller assembly (32) to be installed on the frame (1), upper feed roll assembly (31) is installed on the movable support body (7), the rear side of described movable support body (7) and frame (1) are articulated and connected by jointed shaft (71), tightly install (8) by the elastic top push-and-pull between the front side of described movable support body (7) and the frame (1) and be connected, thereby make the leading section of upper feed roll assembly (31) draw close down the leading section of feeding roller assembly (32) as far as possible.
5.Break up device according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 described soft fiber material cutting and grinding, it is characterized in that: the passage top or the side of charging conveying device (2) are provided with metal detector (9).
CN 201010266667 2010-08-30 2010-08-30 Flexible fiber material cutting, crushing and scattering device CN102211052A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201010266667 CN102211052A (en) 2010-08-30 2010-08-30 Flexible fiber material cutting, crushing and scattering device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201010266667 CN102211052A (en) 2010-08-30 2010-08-30 Flexible fiber material cutting, crushing and scattering device

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103599832A (en) * 2013-11-14 2014-02-26 诸城市浩天药业有限公司 Herbal medicine slicing machine
CN105332160A (en) * 2015-10-25 2016-02-17 杭州珂瑞特机械制造有限公司 Crushing and uniform cotton laying and spreading equipment and uniform laying and spreading method
CN105332162A (en) * 2015-10-25 2016-02-17 杭州珂瑞特机械制造有限公司 Great-gram-weight wide-breadth cotton core uniform distribution laying and spreading equipment and uniform distribution laying and spreading method for mattress machine
CN105344449A (en) * 2015-12-10 2016-02-24 长江大学 Pulverizer with multi-stage pulverizing function
CN107127036A (en) * 2016-02-29 2017-09-05 沈阳农业大学 Maize straw skin flesh separator
WO2017173986A1 (en) * 2016-04-07 2017-10-12 北京金马伦科技发展有限公司 Waste paper shredding component and device

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2471086Y (en) * 2001-03-14 2002-01-16 方永 Multifunctional crop stalk processing apparatus
CN2591950Y (en) * 2002-12-31 2003-12-17 范桂堂 Multifunctional grinder
CN2614433Y (en) * 2003-03-13 2004-05-12 李英成 Multifunction hay cutting, rubbing & crushing machine
CN201036757Y (en) * 2006-11-03 2008-03-19 黑龙江省畜牧机械化研究所 High performance feed processing equipment
CN201454645U (en) * 2009-06-02 2010-05-12 上海宝田新型建材有限公司 Slag vertical mill device for preventing metal foreign bodies from entering
CN201744391U (en) * 2010-08-30 2011-02-16 福建省大德投资发展有限公司 Soft fiber material cutting, crushing and scattering device

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2471086Y (en) * 2001-03-14 2002-01-16 方永 Multifunctional crop stalk processing apparatus
CN2591950Y (en) * 2002-12-31 2003-12-17 范桂堂 Multifunctional grinder
CN2614433Y (en) * 2003-03-13 2004-05-12 李英成 Multifunction hay cutting, rubbing & crushing machine
CN201036757Y (en) * 2006-11-03 2008-03-19 黑龙江省畜牧机械化研究所 High performance feed processing equipment
CN201454645U (en) * 2009-06-02 2010-05-12 上海宝田新型建材有限公司 Slag vertical mill device for preventing metal foreign bodies from entering
CN201744391U (en) * 2010-08-30 2011-02-16 福建省大德投资发展有限公司 Soft fiber material cutting, crushing and scattering device

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103599832A (en) * 2013-11-14 2014-02-26 诸城市浩天药业有限公司 Herbal medicine slicing machine
CN105332160A (en) * 2015-10-25 2016-02-17 杭州珂瑞特机械制造有限公司 Crushing and uniform cotton laying and spreading equipment and uniform laying and spreading method
CN105332162A (en) * 2015-10-25 2016-02-17 杭州珂瑞特机械制造有限公司 Great-gram-weight wide-breadth cotton core uniform distribution laying and spreading equipment and uniform distribution laying and spreading method for mattress machine
CN105332162B (en) * 2015-10-25 2019-11-08 浙江永创机械有限公司 Mattress machine is uniformly plated in equipment with big grammes per square metre wide cut cotton core and is uniformly plated in method
CN105332160B (en) * 2015-10-25 2020-03-31 浙江永创机械有限公司 Crushing and uniform cotton spreading equipment and uniform cotton spreading method
CN105344449A (en) * 2015-12-10 2016-02-24 长江大学 Pulverizer with multi-stage pulverizing function
CN105344449B (en) * 2015-12-10 2017-08-29 长江大学 A kind of pulverizer with multi-stage crushing function
CN107127036A (en) * 2016-02-29 2017-09-05 沈阳农业大学 Maize straw skin flesh separator
WO2017173986A1 (en) * 2016-04-07 2017-10-12 北京金马伦科技发展有限公司 Waste paper shredding component and device

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Application publication date: 20111012