CN102210349A - Peanut bean curd and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Peanut bean curd and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102210349A
CN102210349A CN2010101446929A CN201010144692A CN102210349A CN 102210349 A CN102210349 A CN 102210349A CN 2010101446929 A CN2010101446929 A CN 2010101446929A CN 201010144692 A CN201010144692 A CN 201010144692A CN 102210349 A CN102210349 A CN 102210349A
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Prior art keywords
peanut
bean curd
manufacture craft
paste
dregs
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CN2010101446929A
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Chinese (zh)
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肖石红
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肖石红
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Priority to CN2010101446929A priority Critical patent/CN102210349A/en
Publication of CN102210349A publication Critical patent/CN102210349A/en
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Abstract

The invention provides 'bean curd' prepared from peanuts serving as main raw materials. The 'peanut bean curd' overcomes the defect of incomplete nutrients of the bean curd in the conventional market and serves as a supplement for the nutrients of the conventional bean curd. The 'peanut bean curd' is prepared from the raw materials of the residual peanut dregs after the peanuts are pressed into oil, so that waste is avoided; and in the preparation process, the wastes can also serve as feeds for feeding farm livestock, so multiple purposes are achieved. The preparation process of the peanut bean curd comprises the following steps of: extracting the peanut dregs, wherein the peanut dregs are obtained after oil is extracted from the peanuts and serve as the raw materials; grinding the peanut dregs into powder; filtering slurry; cooking the slurry; adding; and forming to obtain the peanut bean curd. The peanut bean curd obtained by the method has rich nutrients and has the characteristic of whiteness, smoothness, fineness, and smooth and fine mouthfeel.

Description

Peanut bean curd and manufacture craft thereof
Technical field
Patent application of the present invention relates to a kind of remaining peanut dregs in peanut oil expression back that utilizes and makes the technology of bean curd and the peanut bean curd and other goods that obtain of method thus, belongs to food processing field.
Background technology
Bean curd is China alchemist---the green health food of Huainan king Liu An invention.Even to this day, the history in existing more than 2,100 year is subjected to China people, peripheral various countries deeply, reaches liking of the people of the world.Develop so far, great variety of goods, of all shapes and colors, unique flavor is all arranged, manufacture craft is simple, the characteristics of instant.High protein is arranged, low fat, hypotensive, reducing blood lipid, the effect of norcholesterol.Be give birth to ripe all can, old children is all suitable, health regimen, the delicacy excellent product that prolongs life.
The most raw material of bean curd in the market is from soya bean, mung bean, white peas or beans, beans such as pea.The method of selecting halogen can be divided into two kinds in bittern and gypsum.The main component of bittern is a magnesium chloride, and the main component of gypsum is a calcium sulfate.
Soybean curd nutrition is abundant, contains the various trace elements of needed by human such as iron, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, also contains carbohydrate, vegetable oil and abundant high-quality protein, have the laudatory title of " plant meat ".The digestibility of bean curd reaches more than 95%.Two fritter bean curd can satisfy the requirement of one day calcium of a people.The bean curd weak point is that its contained soybean protein lacks a kind of essential amino acid---methionine.
Peanut is a legume, and one of main oil variety of high-quality edible oil has another name called " peanut " or " peanut ".Peanut has very high nutritive value, includes abundant fat and protein.Fat content is 44%-45% in the peanut according to surveying and determination, and protein content is 24-36%, and sugar content is about 20%.And contain multivitamins such as thiamine, riboflavin, niacin.Content of mineral substances is also very abundant, particularly contains the necessary amino acid of human body, and the promotion brain cell development is arranged, and strengthens the function of memory.Existing utilization to peanut mainly is to utilize the peanut oil expression, and peanut dregs often abandons as discarded object, is a kind of waste.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed to the comprehensive inadequately shortcoming of soybean curd nutrition composition in the market, providing a kind of is " bean curd " that primary raw material is made by peanut, as to having replenishing of soybean curd nutrition composition now, can enrich the nutrition of food; And " peanut bean curd " of the present invention be to utilize the last peanut dregs in peanut oil expression back to make for raw material, so just avoided waste, and in manufacture craft, the feed that the waste material of generation can also be fed as domestic animal, one-object-many-purposes.
Specifically, the manufacture craft of the described peanut bean curd of the present patent application is to utilize the remaining peanut dregs in peanut oil expression back to be raw material, and the process through extracting peanut dregs, abrasive dust, filter pulp, mashing off, some system and shaping obtains, and specifically, comprises the steps:
1, extracts peanut dregs: collect the peanut dregs that peanut produces stand-by in the oil expression process;
2, abrasive dust: peanut dregs is worn into the peanut powder by machine or stone mill;
3, filter pulp: the peanut powder that obtains is positioned over an amount of water of adding in special-purpose bean curd bag or the filter, the peanut paste of white is extruded the residue elimination by the mode of extruding;
4, mashing off: the peanut paste that squeezes out is positioned in the pot, is heated to 80-100 ℃;
5, system: the white peanut paste that will boil is contained out with container, adds an amount of coagulating agent, and the peanut paste that stirs until white condenses into paste;
6, be shaped: the peanut bean curd slurry after will condensing is poured in the special-purpose bean curd case, places the object of suitable weight above the case lid, presses peanut bean curd is shaped.
Above-mentioned peanut bean curd manufacture craft is characterized in that: in step 2, the size of peanut powder is the 40-80 order.
Above-mentioned peanut bean curd manufacture craft is characterized in that: in step 3, the ratio of the water of peanut powder and adding is 1: 5-7.
Above-mentioned peanut bean curd manufacture craft is characterized in that: in step 3, the pore size of bean curd bag or filter is the 60-80 order.
Above-mentioned peanut bean curd manufacture craft is characterized in that: in step 3, the residue after peanut paste filters is as animal feeding-stuff.
Above-mentioned peanut bean curd manufacture craft is characterized in that: in the step 4, the method for mashing off comprises iron pan heating milk cooking process and Steam Heating milk cooking process.
Above-mentioned peanut bean curd manufacture craft is characterized in that: in the step 5, described coagulating agent comprises bittern, the plaster of paris and gluconic acid lactone.
Above-mentioned peanut bean curd manufacture craft is characterized in that: in the step 5, the amount of the coagulating agent of adding is the 0.2-0.3% of peanut paste gross weight.
By resulting peanut paste, peanut bean curd flower and peanut bean curd in the above-mentioned peanut bean curd manufacture craft process and by the various (Groundnut products) that peanut bean curd is processed into, comprise that peanut bean Beancurd sheet and peanut bean curd are dried.
The peanut paste that obtains in the step 2 can directly be drunk, and also can add other condiment according to different taste, as drinking of soya-bean milk; Same, the peanut slurries of the paste that obtains in the step 5 can eating as jellied bean curd; The peanut bean curd that obtains at last also can further be processed into peanut bean Beancurd sheet or peanut bean curd to be done.
The manufacture craft of peanut bean curd of the present invention and the peanut bean curd of producing thus have following advantage:
1, the advantage of features simple and practical process both had been fit to family and had produced, and also was fit to large-scale industrial production;
2, the peanut bean soybean curd nutrition that obtains of method is abundant thus, has pure white exquisiteness, and the characteristics of taste lubrication are that the useful of existing traditional bean curd replenished;
3, raw material adopts unserviceable peanut dregs in the peanut oil refining process, has made full use of the protein in the peanut dregs, turns waste into wealth;
4, the peanut fiber slag that produces in the manufacture craft can be used as animal feeding-stuff.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing is the flow chart of peanut bean curd manufacture craft of the present invention, and method of the present invention is to utilize the remaining peanut dregs in peanut oil expression back to be raw material, and the process through extracting peanut dregs, abrasive dust, filter pulp, mashing off, some system and shaping obtains.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment 1
Below illustrate that with concrete example the manufacturing process of peanut bean curd of the present invention, the used concrete amount of each composition are for better explanation the present invention, should not be construed as limitation of the present invention.
The manufacture craft of peanut bean curd of the present invention; it derived from the remaining peanut dregs in peanut oil expression back originally, usually with 2.5 kilograms of peanuts can press 1 kilogram of peanut oil, remain 1.5 kilograms of peanut dregses; thus, the ratio of raw material peanut and last peanut dregs is for being approximately 5: 3.
If family manufacture peanut bean curd of the present invention is an example with 8.5 jin of peanuts, can about 5 jin of peanut dregses after the oil expression, make peanut bean curd as raw material, its process is as follows:
1, extracts peanut dregs: collect 5 jin of peanut dregses that peanut produces stand-by in the oil expression process;
2, abrasive dust: peanut dregs is worn into fine powder by stone mill, about 40-60 order;
3, filter pulp: the peanut powder that obtains is positioned over the about 30 jin water of adding in the special-purpose bean curd bag, make protein and other little molecular nutrition material in the peanut powder soluble in water, filtering the aperture is 60 orders, mode by extruding is extruded the peanut paste of white for about 30 jin, with residue in the peanut paste (being mainly big molecule fibrous matter) elimination; The residue of elimination can be used for animal feeding-stuff;
4, mashing off: the peanut paste that squeezes out is positioned in the iron pan, is heated to 80-100 ℃ and boils;
5, system: the white peanut paste that will boil is contained out with container, adds the bittern or the plaster of paris of 30 grams, and the peanut paste that stirs until white condenses into paste;
6, be shaped: the peanut bean curd slurry after will condensing is poured in the special-purpose bean curd case, places the object of suitable weight above the case lid, presses peanut bean curd is shaped.
The peanut bean curd that is obtained by the manufacture craft of the described peanut bean curd of the present patent application has nutritious, pure white exquisiteness, the characteristics of taste lubrication; Can be used for cooking various dish, be fit to various culinary art preparation methods, being rich in nutrition, delicious flavour, and also fragrance assails the nostrils in gastronomical process.The peanut paste that obtains in manufacturing process in addition also can directly be drunk, and as to the replenishing of existing soya-bean milk, also can be as required the peanut bean curd of gained be processed into other goods such as peanut bean curd flower, peanut bean curd are done, peanut bean Beancurd sheet.
Embodiment 2
If bean curd factory adopts large-scale industrial production, be example with 100 jin of peanuts, can obtain about 60 jin of peanut dregses after the oil expression, make peanut bean curd as raw material, its process is as follows:
1, extracts peanut dregs: collect 60 jin of peanut dregses that peanut produces stand-by in the oil expression process;
2, abrasive dust: peanut dregs is worn into fine powder by machine, be advisable with the 40-80 order;
3, filter pulp: the peanut powder that obtains is positioned in the special-purpose filter, adds about 360 jin of water, filtering the aperture is 80 orders, the peanut paste of white is leached, with residue elimination in the peanut paste; The residue of elimination can be used for animal feeding-stuff;
4, mashing off: with about 360 jin of the peanut paste that squeezes out, place in the container, adopt directly heating milk cooking process and Steam Heating mashing off, be heated to 80-100 ℃ and boil;
5, system: the white peanut paste that will boil is contained out with container, adds one of bittern, the plaster of paris or gluconic acid lactones of 360 grams, and the peanut paste that stirs until white condenses into paste;
6, be shaped: the peanut bean curd slurry after will condensing is poured in the special-purpose bean curd case, places the object of suitable weight above the case lid, presses peanut bean curd is shaped.
The peanut bean curd that is obtained by the manufacture craft of the described peanut bean curd of the present patent application has nutritious, pure white exquisiteness, the characteristics of taste lubrication; Can be used for cooking various dish, be fit to various culinary art preparation methods, being rich in nutrition, delicious flavour, and also fragrance assails the nostrils in gastronomical process.The peanut paste that obtains in manufacturing process in addition also can directly be drunk, and as to the replenishing of existing soya-bean milk, also can be as required the peanut bean curd of gained be processed into other goods such as peanut bean curd flower, peanut bean curd are done, peanut bean Beancurd sheet.

Claims (9)

1. the manufacture craft of a peanut bean curd, it is characterized in that: described manufacture craft is to utilize the remaining peanut dregs in peanut oil expression back to be raw material, the process of process extraction peanut dregs, abrasive dust, filter pulp, mashing off, some system and shaping obtains, and specifically, comprises the steps:
1) extracts peanut dregs: collect the peanut dregs that peanut produces stand-by in the oil expression process;
2) abrasive dust: peanut dregs is worn into the peanut powder by machine or stone mill;
3) filter pulp: the peanut powder that obtains is positioned over an amount of water of adding in special-purpose bean curd bag or the filter, the peanut paste of white is extruded, simultaneously with the residue elimination;
4) mashing off: the peanut paste that squeezes out is positioned in the pot, is heated to 80-100 ℃;
5) system: the white peanut paste that will boil is contained out with container, adds an amount of coagulating agent, and the peanut paste that stirs until white condenses into paste;
6) be shaped: the peanut paste after will condensing is poured in the special-purpose bean curd case, places the object of suitable weight above the case lid, presses peanut bean curd is shaped.
2. the manufacture craft of the described peanut bean curd of claim 1, it is characterized in that: in step 2, the size of peanut powder is the 40-80 order.
3. the manufacture craft of the described peanut bean curd of claim 1, it is characterized in that: in step 3, the ratio of the water of peanut powder and adding is 1: 5-7.
4. the manufacture craft of the described peanut bean curd of claim 1, it is characterized in that: in step 3, the pore size of bean curd bag and filter is the 60-80 order.
5. the manufacture craft of the described peanut bean curd of claim 1 is characterized in that: in step 3, the residue after peanut paste filters is as animal feeding-stuff.
6. the manufacture craft of the described peanut bean curd of claim 1 is characterized in that: in the step 4, the method for mashing off comprises iron pan heating milk cooking process and Steam Heating milk cooking process.
7. the manufacture craft of the described peanut bean curd of claim 1, it is characterized in that: in the step 5, described coagulating agent comprises bittern, the plaster of paris and gluconic acid lactone.
8. the manufacture craft of the described peanut bean curd of claim 1, it is characterized in that: in the step 5, the amount of the coagulating agent of adding is the 0.2-0.3% of peanut paste gross weight.
9. be the various (Groundnut products) that raw material is processed into by the peanut paste that obtains in the described peanut bean curd manufacture craft of claim 1 process, peanut bean curd flower and peanut bean curd and with described peanut bean curd, comprise that peanut bean Beancurd sheet and peanut bean curd are dried.
CN2010101446929A 2010-04-12 2010-04-12 Peanut bean curd and preparation method thereof Pending CN102210349A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103155992A (en) * 2011-12-10 2013-06-19 何寒 Process for producing alternative bean curd by using fruit, vegetable, and miscellaneous grains
CN104106635A (en) * 2013-04-19 2014-10-22 沭阳县万达脱水食品有限公司 Processing method for bean-curd thin sheet
CN104839343A (en) * 2015-05-06 2015-08-19 余庆县土司风味食品有限责任公司 Production process of fermented soy bean curd added with peanuts
CN105941647A (en) * 2016-05-13 2016-09-21 李水金 Peanut bran bean curd and preparation method thereof
CN106879744A (en) * 2016-12-28 2017-06-23 中国农业科学院原子能利用研究所 A kind of method that utilization peanut meal makes peanut bean curd
CN107125328A (en) * 2017-05-04 2017-09-05 中国农业科学院原子能利用研究所 A kind of preparation method of resistant to cook peanut bean curd

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN86104743A (en) * 1986-07-18 1988-01-27 河南省药膳食品研究所 The nutrient food of peanut milk-like products manufacture method
CN1080134A (en) * 1993-05-07 1994-01-05 谢卫国 Peanut bean curd and preparation method thereof
CN1537469A (en) * 2003-04-18 2004-10-20 吕宗峰 Peanut kernel curd prodn. method
CN1615750A (en) * 2003-11-15 2005-05-18 洪炎新 Process for producing peanut bean curd

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CN86104743A (en) * 1986-07-18 1988-01-27 河南省药膳食品研究所 The nutrient food of peanut milk-like products manufacture method
CN1080134A (en) * 1993-05-07 1994-01-05 谢卫国 Peanut bean curd and preparation method thereof
CN1537469A (en) * 2003-04-18 2004-10-20 吕宗峰 Peanut kernel curd prodn. method
CN1615750A (en) * 2003-11-15 2005-05-18 洪炎新 Process for producing peanut bean curd

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103155992A (en) * 2011-12-10 2013-06-19 何寒 Process for producing alternative bean curd by using fruit, vegetable, and miscellaneous grains
CN104106635A (en) * 2013-04-19 2014-10-22 沭阳县万达脱水食品有限公司 Processing method for bean-curd thin sheet
CN104839343A (en) * 2015-05-06 2015-08-19 余庆县土司风味食品有限责任公司 Production process of fermented soy bean curd added with peanuts
CN105941647A (en) * 2016-05-13 2016-09-21 李水金 Peanut bran bean curd and preparation method thereof
CN106879744A (en) * 2016-12-28 2017-06-23 中国农业科学院原子能利用研究所 A kind of method that utilization peanut meal makes peanut bean curd
CN106879744B (en) * 2016-12-28 2020-10-27 中国农业科学院农产品加工研究所 Method for preparing peanut tofu by using peanut meal
CN107125328A (en) * 2017-05-04 2017-09-05 中国农业科学院原子能利用研究所 A kind of preparation method of resistant to cook peanut bean curd
CN107125328B (en) * 2017-05-04 2020-09-01 中国农业科学院原子能利用研究所 Preparation method of boiling-resistant peanut tofu

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Application publication date: 20111012