CN102204447B - Water chestnut excavator - Google Patents

Water chestnut excavator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102204447B
CN102204447B CN 201110112088 CN201110112088A CN102204447B CN 102204447 B CN102204447 B CN 102204447B CN 201110112088 CN201110112088 CN 201110112088 CN 201110112088 A CN201110112088 A CN 201110112088A CN 102204447 B CN102204447 B CN 102204447B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rotary
plough body
water chestnut
sprocket wheel
support
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN 201110112088
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102204447A (en
Inventor
焦忠
王成军
王帅
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Anhui University of Science and Technology
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Anhui University of Science and Technology
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Priority to CN 201110112088 priority Critical patent/CN102204447B/en
Publication of CN102204447A publication Critical patent/CN102204447A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102204447B publication Critical patent/CN102204447B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The invention relates to the field of agricultural machines, in particular to a water chestnut excavator, which consists of a hand tractor, a ploughing device, a transmission device, a rotary cutting and crushing device and a tail wheel device. The hand tractor is used for providing power; the ploughing device turns over soil on a sunned land to excavate water chestnuts growing under soil out; the rotary cutting and crushing device consists of a first rotary cutting shaft, a second rotary cutting shaft, harrow knives, a first support and a second support, and is connected with the ploughing device through the first supporting and connected with the tail wheel device through the second support; and the two adjacent harrow knives on the first rotary cutting shaft and the second rotary cutting shaft form a 120-degree included angle, and the harrow knives crush the soil turned over by the ploughing device constantly to expose the excavated water chestnuts from crushed oil. The water chestnut excavator can solve the problems of high labor intensity and low yield rate of the conventional artificial water chestnut harvest method, and the large-scale planting and high-efficiency harvest of the water chestnuts are realized.

Description

A kind of water chestnut digger
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural mechanical field, specifically a kind of water chestnut digger.
Background technology
The water chestnut mouthfeel is sweet crisp, and is nutritious, contains rich in protein, vitamin, carotin etc., and both edible can be used as medicinal material again, was popular seasonal product.Eleocharis perennial herb water plants, happiness are born in the pond or cultivate in the paddy field, and it mainly is grown in the mud in southern paddy field in China, and be cold winter the season of the water chestnut of gathering.At present, the gather method of water chestnut of people is that manual work is gathered, cold weather, the implant mass that labour intensity is big, the factors such as efficient is low of gathering have restricted water chestnut.Therefore, the gather method of water chestnut of existing manual no longer satisfies people's production demand, presses for the high motorisation unit of a kind of efficient of gathering, promptly a kind of water chestnut digger.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve gather big, the inefficient difficult problem of gathering of method labour intensity of water chestnut of existing manual, the present invention provides a kind of water chestnut digger, can realize that the mechanization of water chestnut is gathered.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is: a kind of water chestnut digger is made up of hand tractor, the device that plows, transmission device, rotary-cut breaker and tail-pulley device.The said device that plows is made up of first plough body, second plough body, the first plough body angle demodulator, the second plough body angle demodulator, the first plough body depth control device and the second plough body depth control device; The first plough body angle demodulator is in order to regulate the angle of first plough body; The second plough body angle demodulator is in order to regulate the angle of second plough body; The first plough body depth control device is in order to regulate the degree of depth that first plough body plows; The second plough body height adjuster is in order to regulate the degree of depth of plowing of second plough body, and this device can open the soil behind roasting field, and the water chestnut that is grown under the soil is rolled up.Said transmission device is made up of power take-off, first chain-wheel mechanism, bevel gears, second chain-wheel mechanism, first driven shaft, second driven shaft; First chain-wheel mechanism comprises semicircle sprocket wheel one, semicircle sprocket wheel two, first sprocket wheel, chain one, and during use, semicircle sprocket wheel one is connected through key with power take-off earlier with semicircle sprocket wheel two; Then; Connect through bolt one between semicircle sprocket wheel one and the semicircle sprocket wheel two, and then symmetrical clamping is on power take-off, like this; Be easy to loading and unloading, easy to operate; Bevel gears comprises large conical gear and small conical gear, and this mechanism can be converted into the rotation of second driven shaft around the x direction around the rotation of y direction with first driven shaft; Second chain-wheel mechanism comprises second sprocket wheel, the 3rd sprocket wheel, the 4th sprocket wheel and chain two, and this mechanism can give the rotary-cut breaker with transmission of power.Said rotary-cut breaker is made up of the first rotary-cut axle, the second rotary-cut axle, rake cutter, first support, second support; Wherein, The rotary-cut breaker links to each other with the device that plows through first support, links to each other with tail-pulley device through second support, becomes 120 ° of angles to arrange between the last adjacent two rake cuttves of the first rotary-cut axle and the second rotary-cut axle; And can control the spacing of harrowing cutter through the bolt of regulating on the rake cutter two; Also can suitably increase the quantity of rake cutter according to the actual conditions of soil, the rotary-cut breaker can be constantly broken with the soil that the device that plows opens, and the water chestnut that rolls up is exposed from the soil of fragmentation.Said tail-pulley device is made up of tail wheel mechanism, tail wheel mechanism height adjuster, regulates the height of tail wheel mechanism through tail wheel mechanism height adjuster, and the rotary-cut breaker is connected through pin with tail-pulley device, has promptly regulated the height of rotary-cut breaker.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: a kind of water chestnut digger has simple in structure, cost is lower, mechanization is gathered efficient advantages of higher; Can solve gather big, the inefficient difficult problem of gathering of method labour intensity of water chestnut of existing manual work, realize the implant mass of water chestnut.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment the present invention is further specified.
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the front view that semicircle sprocket wheel one is connected with semicircle sprocket wheel two;
Fig. 3 is the vertical view of rotary-cut breaker;
Fig. 4 is the A-A sectional view of Fig. 3.
Among the figure 1, hand tractor, 2, power take-off, 3, first plough body, 4, chain one, 5, the first plough body angle demodulator; 6, second plough body, 7, the second plough body angle demodulator, 8, first support, 9, chain two, 10, the rake cutter; 11, second support, 12, tail wheel mechanism, 13, tail wheel mechanism height adjuster, 14, second driven shaft, 15, first sprocket wheel; 16, the second plough body depth control device, 17, the first plough body depth control device, 18, bolt one, 19, semicircle sprocket wheel one, 20, semicircle sprocket wheel two; 21, large conical gear, 22, small conical gear, 23, bolt two, 24, second sprocket wheel, the 25, the 3rd sprocket wheel; 26, the first rotary-cut axle, the 27, the 4th sprocket wheel, 28, the second rotary-cut axle, 29, first driven shaft.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the present invention is done further detailed explanation.
As shown in Figure 1; A kind of water chestnut digger of the present invention; Its device that plows is made up of first plough body 3, second plough body 6, the first plough body angle demodulator 5, the second plough body angle demodulator 7, the first plough body depth control device 17 and the second plough body depth control device 16, and the first plough body angle demodulator 5 is in order to regulate the angle of first plough body 3, and the second plough body angle demodulator 7 is in order to regulate the angle of second plough body 6; The first plough body depth control device 17 is in order to regulate the degree of depth that first plough body 3 plows; The second plough body depth control device 16 is in order to regulate the degree of depth that second plough body 6 plows, and this device can open the soil behind roasting field, and the water chestnut that is grown under the soil is rolled up.
Like Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3 and shown in Figure 4, transmission device is made up of power take-off 2, first chain-wheel mechanism, bevel gears, second chain-wheel mechanism, first driven shaft 29, second driven shaft 14, and first chain-wheel mechanism comprises semicircle sprocket wheel 1, semicircle sprocket wheel 2 20, first sprocket wheel 15, chain 1; During use; Semicircle sprocket wheel 1 and semicircle sprocket wheel 2 20 is connected through key with power take-off 2 earlier, then, passes through bolt one 18 connections between semicircle sprocket wheel 1 and the semicircle sprocket wheel 2 20; And then symmetrical clamping is on power take-off 2; Like this, be easy to loading and unloading, easy to operate; Bevel gears comprises large conical gear 21 and small conical gear 22, and this mechanism can be converted into the rotation of second driven shaft 14 around the x direction around the rotation of y direction with first driven shaft 29; Second chain-wheel mechanism comprises second sprocket wheel 24, the 3rd sprocket wheel 25, the 4th sprocket wheel 27 and chain 29, and this mechanism can give the rotary-cut breaker with transmission of power.
Like Fig. 1, Fig. 3 and shown in Figure 4; The rotary-cut breaker is made up of the first rotary-cut axle 26, the second rotary-cut axle 28, rake cutter 10, first support 8, second support 11; Wherein, The rotary-cut breaker links to each other with the device that plows through first support 8, links to each other with tail-pulley device through second support 11, becomes 120 ° of angles to arrange between the adjacent two rake cuttves 10 on the first rotary-cut axle 26 and the second rotary-cut axle 28; And can control the spacing of harrowing cutter 10 through the bolt of regulating on the rake cutter 10 2 23; Also can suitably increase the quantity of rake cutter 10 according to the actual conditions of soil, the rotary-cut breaker can be constantly broken with the soil that the device that plows opens, and the water chestnut that rolls up is exposed from the soil of fragmentation.
As shown in Figure 1; Tail-pulley device is made up of tail wheel mechanism 12, tail wheel mechanism height adjuster 13; Regulate the height of tail wheel mechanism 12 through tail wheel mechanism height adjuster 13, and the rotary-cut breaker is connected through pin with tail-pulley device, has promptly regulated the height of rotary-cut breaker.
Adopt technique scheme, the water with the field bleeds off earlier, roasting then field; When gathering water chestnut; To plow earlier device, transmission device, rotary-cut breaker and tail-pulley device is connected with hand tractor successively, is assembled into a kind of water chestnut digger, drives it into field again; Growing state according to water chestnut; Through the first plough body angle demodulator first plough body is adjusted to suitable angle, second plough body is adjusted to suitable angle, first plough body is adjusted to suitable height through the first plough body depth control device through the second plough body angle demodulator; Through the second plough body depth control device second plough body is adjusted to suitable height, through tail wheel mechanism height adjuster the rotary-cut breaker is transferred to suitable height again.During work, will open through the soil behind the roasting field by the device that plows earlier, the water chestnut that is grown under the soil is rolled up; Then, constantly broken by the rotary-cut breaker soil that device opens that will plow again, make to roll up the water chestnut that comes and from the soil of fragmentation, expose; The water chestnut that the staff will expose is picked up and gets final product; If the distribution density of water chestnut is bigger, the spacing that operating personnel can dwindle the rake cutter through the bolt of regulating on the rake cutter two increases rake cutter quantity and gets final product.

Claims (3)

1. water chestnut digger; Be made up of hand tractor, the device that plows, transmission device, rotary-cut breaker and tail-pulley device, it is characterized in that: the said device that plows is made up of first plough body, second plough body, the first plough body angle demodulator, the second plough body angle demodulator, the first plough body depth control device and the second plough body depth control device; Described transmission device is made up of power take-off, first chain-wheel mechanism, bevel gears, second chain-wheel mechanism, first driven shaft, second driven shaft; Described rotary-cut breaker is made up of the first rotary-cut axle, the second rotary-cut axle, rake cutter, first support, second support, and wherein, the rotary-cut breaker links to each other with the device that plows through first support, links to each other with tail-pulley device through second support; Said tail-pulley device is made up of tail wheel mechanism, tail wheel mechanism height adjuster.
2. a kind of water chestnut digger according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: described first chain-wheel mechanism comprises semicircle sprocket wheel one, semicircle sprocket wheel two, first sprocket wheel, chain one; Semicircle sprocket wheel one is connected through key with power take-off with semicircle sprocket wheel two; Connect through bolt between semicircle sprocket wheel one and the semicircle sprocket wheel two, symmetrical clamping is on power take-off.
3. a kind of water chestnut digger according to claim 1 is characterized in that: become 120 ° of angles to arrange between the last adjacent two rake cuttves of the described first rotary-cut axle and the second rotary-cut axle.
CN 201110112088 2011-04-29 2011-04-29 Water chestnut excavator Expired - Fee Related CN102204447B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201110112088 CN102204447B (en) 2011-04-29 2011-04-29 Water chestnut excavator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201110112088 CN102204447B (en) 2011-04-29 2011-04-29 Water chestnut excavator

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CN102204447A CN102204447A (en) 2011-10-05
CN102204447B true CN102204447B (en) 2012-12-12

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Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103733796A (en) * 2014-01-02 2014-04-23 山东理工大学 Harvester capable of performing digging, soil removing and picking on taros
CN104145592A (en) * 2014-07-30 2014-11-19 廖煜明 Band saw structured hierarchical water chestnut picking shovel
CN109417890A (en) * 2017-08-24 2019-03-05 张建军 A kind of Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae excavator

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2774109Y (en) * 2005-01-22 2006-04-26 石河子大学 Licorice digger
CN201393391Y (en) * 2009-03-13 2010-02-03 铜陵市力通机械制造有限公司 Water chestnut digging machine
CN202050688U (en) * 2011-04-29 2011-11-30 安徽理工大学 Water chestnut digger

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2774109Y (en) * 2005-01-22 2006-04-26 石河子大学 Licorice digger
CN201393391Y (en) * 2009-03-13 2010-02-03 铜陵市力通机械制造有限公司 Water chestnut digging machine
CN202050688U (en) * 2011-04-29 2011-11-30 安徽理工大学 Water chestnut digger

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