CN102197949A - Square carpet manufactured by using recycled wastes as materials and manufacturing method thereof - Google Patents

Square carpet manufactured by using recycled wastes as materials and manufacturing method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102197949A
CN102197949A CN 201010130373 CN201010130373A CN102197949A CN 102197949 A CN102197949 A CN 102197949A CN 201010130373 CN201010130373 CN 201010130373 CN 201010130373 A CN201010130373 A CN 201010130373A CN 102197949 A CN102197949 A CN 102197949A
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material
surface
materials
skidproof
bottom
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CN 201010130373
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Chinese (zh)
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高振益
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旭聚企业股份有限公司
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Abstract

The invention provides a square carpet manufactured by using recycled wastes as materials and a manufacturing method thereof. The square carpet comprises a bottom material, a surface material and an intermediate material and is mainly manufactured by using raw materials such as recycled waste elastic foaming materials and the like. The manufacturing method comprises the following steps of: preparing the surface material which comprises a weaving layer and fluff protruded out of the weaving layer; melting the weaving layer; extruding the surface material by proper pressure, so that the fluff can be stably connected with the weaving layer; preparing a reinforcing material and a skidproof material, wherein the reinforcing material is high-hardness cloth and the skidproof material is a flaky material comprising the elastic foaming material recycled from the wastes mixed with the raw materials such as a foaming agent and the like; adhering the reinforcing material to the skidproof material and heating the reinforcing material and the skidproof material; adhering the reinforcing material through the power generated by that the skidproof material is heated to foam to form the bottom material; preparing the intermediate material; placing the intermediate material between the surface material and the bottom material and extruding and adhering; heating the adhered surface material, the intermediate material and the bottom material; and adhering the surface material to the bottom material through the power generated by that the intermediate material is heated to foam to manufacture the square carpet.

Description

利用回收废弃物为材料的方块型地毯及其制法 Use of recycled waste as material type carpet squares method thereof

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明与方块型地毯有关,更详而言之是指一种兼具环保、施工容易等效果的利用回收废弃物为材料的方块型地毯及其制法。 Recycled waste [0001] The present invention is related to a block-type carpet, and more particularly to means an environmentally-friendly, easy construction and other effects of a block-type carpet material fabrication method thereof.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 公知铺设于办公室等场所地面的地毯,一般称为方块型、磁砖型或组合式地毯,主要是施工时利用胶水、粘着剂将多数个方块型的地毯粘贴于地面并拼接,有如磁砖铺设地面的型式而名之。 [0002] well-known properties laid on office floor carpet, generally called block type, or combined type carpet tile, is the use of glue, an adhesive to a plurality of blocks attached to a floor-type carpet construction and splicing, like laying floor tiles and the name of the type.

[0003] 传统方块型地毯大体上是由绒布、弹性材与硬质材利用胶水贴合而成,绒布是用以产生舒适的触感,弹性材是用以产生弹性、缓冲及柔软的踩踏感,硬质材是用以使地毯具尺寸安定性、便于施工与运送。 [0003] The conventional box type velvet carpet made substantially elastic material and the hard material bonded together with glue, flannel is used for generating comfortable feel, elastic material is used for generating an elastic, soft feeling and cushioning depression, hard material is used to make carpet having dimensional stability, ease of construction and transport.

[0004] 由于公知方块型地毯的绒布、弹性材与硬质材是利用胶水或接着剂贴合,此等制作方式会导致空气或水污染、造成环保问题。 [0004] Since the box-type well known carpet cloth, the elastic material is a hard material and the use of glue or adhesive bonding, such production methods will result in air or water pollution, cause environmental problems. 其次,方块型地毯的弹性材与硬质材是采用橡胶或泡棉、塑胶等原料制成,会消耗天然资源(天然橡胶、石油等),亦不甚环保。 Secondly, the block-type carpet material and the hard elastic member is made of rubber or foam, plastic and other raw materials, will consume natural resources (natural rubber, oil, etc.), are also less environmentally friendly. 再者,铺设方块型地毯时是利用胶水或接着剂将其粘贴于地面,不仅施工繁复,胶水或接着剂的气味也容易造成施工人员的不适。 Furthermore, laying carpet squares type is the use of glue or adhesive paste it on the ground, not only complicated construction, the smell of glue or adhesive is also likely to cause discomfort of construction workers.

[0005] 其次,为节约地球的天然资源,目前世界上先进国家多已建立资源回收制度,本国亦不例外,诸如一般家庭、学校与公家机关等各类机构场所,均设置有垃圾分类的回收设备,以有效利用回收的废弃物再制成日常用品,例如再生纸、燃料等。 [0005] Second, in order to save the Earth's natural resources, currently the world's advanced countries are already established recycling system, their is no exception, all kinds of places are generally family institution, such as schools and public authorities, are set to recycle garbage classification equipment, for effectively utilizing the recovered waste then made daily necessities, e.g. recycled paper, fuel and the like. 一般而言,单一材料用品的废弃物较易回收、处理再利用,如宝特瓶、玻璃器皿、塑胶、金属制品及纸类等,而复合材料用品的废弃物回收再利用则需透过各种处理方式,始可将构成材料分离,以获致可再利用的材料。 In general, a single material supplies waste easier recycling, reuse processing, such as plastic bottles, glassware, plastic, metal and paper products and the like, and supplies the composite waste recycling it through each need three treatments, before they can be separated constituent material, electroluminescent material to obtain reusable.

[0006] 由于复合材料用品的回收处理过程中常需使用各种添加剂或溶剂以分离构成材料(尤其是回收高价材质的情形),反而又产生更多有害环保的废弃物,且,金属与非金属的混合材质尚可利用磁性或比重的差异将材质区分,但,比重相差较少的材质就仅能以人工分离,不仅耗时更颇为浪费人力,完全不符合经济效益。 [0006] Since the recovery process of the composite articles often need to use various additives or solvents to separate the constituent material (in particular the case of recovering expensive material), but they produce more environmentally hazardous waste, and, metal and nonmetal still mixed using a magnetic material, or differences in the specific gravity of the material of distinction, however, a difference of specific gravity less material will only be separated manually, is quite time consuming and more waste of manpower, completely uneconomic.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0007] 本发明的主要目的即在提供一种利用回收废弃物为材料的方块型地毯及其制法, 其大量运用回收的复合材料废弃物为材料,可节省橡胶或塑胶原料的使用,不仅具备废弃物再利用的效果,更可避免消耗天然资源、降低制作成本,且,其止滑性及尺寸稳定性甚佳, 不需再利用胶水粘贴地面,施工方便,甚具环保效果者。 The main object of the [0007] present invention, i.e. to provide a composite waste recycled carpet waste is a block-type material preparation method, which make extensive use of recycled materials, rubber or plastic may save raw material, not only It includes the effect of re-use of waste, but also to avoid the consumption of natural resources and reduce production costs, and its slip resistance and dimensional stability is very good and do not need to be glued to the floor using a convenient construction, even with those environmental effects.

[0008] 因此,为达成前述的目的,本发明提供一种利用回收废弃物为材料的方块型地毯, 包含有底材,其包含止滑材,是以废弃物回收的弹性发泡材料等原料制成,加强材,贴置于该止滑材表面,是具高硬度的材质;面材,包含编织层与突出编织层的多数绒毛,各该绒毛稳固地连接编织层;中间材,贴置于该底材与面材之间,是以废弃物回收的弹性发泡材料等原料制成,其具适当柔软性。 [0008] Accordingly, to achieve the above object, the present invention provides a recycled waste carpet material is a block type, comprising a substrate, comprising a slip material, elastic foam material or the like material is recycled waste made reinforcing member, attached to the surface of the slip sheet is placed, it is a material having high hardness; facestock comprises a plurality of protruding villous braid braid, each of the pile is firmly connected braid; intermediate material, attaching device between the substrate and facestock material it is made of elastic foam material or the like waste recycling, which has a suitable softness.

[0009] 此外,本发明更提供一种利用回收废弃物为材料的方块型地毯制法,其步骤至少包含有a)制备面材,其方法为:备取绒布类编织半成品:该绒布类编织半成品包含一编织层与突出编织层的多数绒毛;热熔:以适当温度熔化该编织层;挤压:以适当压力挤压该绒布类编织半成品,用以使各该绒毛可稳固地连接编织层;b)制备底材,其方法为:备取加强材与止滑材:该加强材是高硬度的材料,该止滑材包含废弃物回收的弹性发泡材混合发泡剂等原料的片状材料;加热贴合:将该加强材与止滑材相对贴接并予以加热,用以可通过该止滑材受热发泡所产生的力量粘接加强材而形成底材;c)将该面材、底材与中间材贴合,其方法为:备取中间材:该中间材包含废弃物回收的弹性发泡材混合发泡剂等原料的片状材料;压合:将该中间材置于面材与底材之间并 [0009] Further, the present invention further provides a use of recycled waste carpet manufacturing method for the block-type material, comprising at least steps a) preparing a facestock which method: semi-finished knitted velvets be on the waiting list: The knitted velvets most semi-finished product comprising a knitted pile layer protruding braid; melt: the melt at an appropriate temperature braid; extrusion: extrusion at an appropriate pressure of the semi-finished knitted velvets, for each of the pile can be solidly connected braid ; b) preparing a substrate, which method: slip material and be on the waiting list reinforcing material: the reinforcing material is a material having a high hardness, the slip member comprises an elastic foam material waste recycling mixing a foaming material sheet like material; heating the bonded: the reinforcing material and the slip material to be heated and then paste relative to the adhesive strength can be produced by the slip material is heated to form a foamed substrate reinforcing member; c) the surface material, the substrate and the intermediate bonding material, the method is: be on the waiting list intermediate material: the intermediate material comprises a sheet material waste recycling elastic foam material mixing raw materials such as a foaming agent; nip: the intermediate member and disposed between the substrate and facestock 以适当压力予以挤压而贴接;加热成型:将贴接的面材、中间材与底材予以加热,用以可通过该中间材受热发泡所产生的力量粘接面材与底材而制成地毯。 And pressed to be attached to an appropriate pressure contact; thermoforming: a contact surface material paste, the intermediate material and the substrate to be heated to be the adhesive force with the substrate surface material produced by the intermediate heat foaming material made carpet.

[0010] 再者,本发明更提供一种利用回收废弃物为材料的方块型地毯制法,其步骤至少包含有a)制备底材,其方法为:备取加强材与止滑材:该加强材是高硬度的材料,该止滑材包含废弃物回收的弹性发泡材混合发泡剂等原料的片状材料;加热贴合:将该加强材与止滑材相对贴接并予以加热,用以可通过该止滑材受热发泡所产生的力量粘接加强材而形成底材;b)制备面材,其方法为:备取绒布类编织半成品:该绒布类编织半成品包含编织层与突出编织层的多数绒毛;热熔:以适当温度熔化该编织层;挤压:以适当压力挤压该绒布类编织半成品,用以使各该绒毛可稳固地连接编织层;c)将该面材、底材与中间材贴合,其方法为:备取中间材:该中间材包含废弃物回收的弹性发泡材混合发泡剂等原料的片状材料;压合:将该中间材置于面材与底材之间并以 [0010] Further, the present invention further provides a use of recycled waste carpet manufacturing method for the block-type material, comprising at least steps a) preparing a substrate, which method: slip material and reinforcing material be on the waiting list: the reinforcing material is a material having a high hardness, the slip sheet material comprising a sheet-like elastic foam material waste recycling mixed raw material such as a foaming agent; heat bonding: the reinforcing material and the slip material to be heated and then affixed to opposite for adhesive strength reinforcing member can be produced by the slip material is heated to form a foamed substrate; b) preparing facestock which method: semi-finished knitted velvets be on the waiting list: the semi-finished product comprising a knitted velvets woven layer most of the fluff protruding braid; melt: the melt at an appropriate temperature braid; extrusion: extrusion at an appropriate pressure of the semi-finished knitted velvets, for each of the pile can be firmly connected braid; c) the surface material, the substrate and the intermediate bonding material, the method is: be on the waiting list intermediate material: the intermediate material comprises a sheet material waste recycling elastic foam material mixing raw materials such as a foaming agent; nip: the intermediate member disposed between the substrate and facestock to 适当压力予以挤压而贴接;加热成型:将贴接的面材、中间材与底材予以加热,用以可通过该中间材受热发泡所产生的力量粘接面材与底材而制成地毯。 To be an appropriate pressure and then paste extruded; thermoforming: a contact surface material paste, the intermediate material and the substrate to be heated to be the adhesive force with the substrate surface material is produced by heating the intermediate foamed material prepared into the carpet.

[0011] 本发明的有益效果在于,该方块型地毯的组成中除了面材的外,大量使用回收的废弃物为材料制成,只需使用少量橡胶或塑胶原料,相较于公知方块型地毯,不仅可降低制作成本,且更具备废物利用、减少垃圾量的效果。 [0011] Advantageous effects of the present invention is that the composition of the box-type carpet in addition to the material surface, a large amount of recycled waste materials, only a small amount of rubber or plastic material, compared with the conventional box-type carpet not only reduce production costs, and more with recycling, reduce the amount of waste effect.

[0012] 其次,该底材的止滑材具备甚佳的止滑性,是以,铺设于办公室、一般家庭等场合时,不需如公知方块型地毯须再利用胶水粘着地面,该方块型地毯只须直接置放于地面即不会移位,可避免使用胶水施工所产生的成本及污染。 [0012] Next, the substrate provided with the slip material is very good slip resistance, and therefore, when laying the office, general household and other occasions, as is well-known block type need not be recycled carpet glue adhesive surface, the box-type only carpet that is placed directly on the ground will not shift, can avoid the use of glue construction costs and pollution generated.

[0013] 再者,由于该加强材具高硬度,因此,该方块型地毯的尺寸稳定性甚佳,进而可获致贴地性佳及施工方便的效果。 [0013] Further, since the reinforcing member having a high hardness, and therefore, the box-type carpet very good dimensional stability, in turn affixed to the actuator of the good availability and convenience of construction effect.

[0014] 以下,兹举本发明数较佳实施例,并配合图式做进一步的详细说明如后: 附图说明 [0014] Hereinafter, the present invention hereby give a few preferred embodiments, the drawings and with further details as below: BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0015] 图1是本发明一较佳实施例的断面示意图。 [0015] FIG. 1 is a sectional schematic view of a preferred embodiment of the present invention.

[0016] 图2是本发明一较佳实施例制法的流程图。 [0016] FIG 2 is a flowchart of a preferred embodiment of the present invention, a method of fabricating embodiment.

[0017] 图3是本发明一较佳实施例制法中制备面材步骤的流程图。 [0017] FIG. 3 is a flowchart of the present invention, a sheet production method steps described preferred embodiments the surface was prepared.

[0018] 图4是本发明一较佳实施例制法中制备底材步骤的流程图。 [0018] FIG 4 is a flowchart of the present invention, the step of preparing a substrate according to the preferred embodiment of the production method.

[0019] 图5是本发明一较佳实施例制法中止滑材制备步骤的流程图。 [0019] FIG. 5 is a flowchart of embodiments of the present invention is a manufacturing method of non-slip material prepared in step preferred embodiment. [0020] 图6是本发明一较佳实施例制法中将面材、底材与中间材贴合步骤的流程图。 [0020] FIG 6 is a flowchart of the present invention, a manufacturing method will facestock embodiment, the intermediate material substrate with the step of bonding the preferred embodiment.

[0021] 图7是本发明另一较佳实施例制法的流程图。 [0021] FIG. 7 is a flowchart showing another preferred embodiment of the present invention is a method of fabricating embodiment.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0022] 首先,请参阅图1所示,本发明一较佳实施例的利用回收废弃物为材料的方块型地毯10,包含有一底材12、一面材14与一中间材16。 [0022] First, referring to FIG. 1, a preferred embodiment of the present invention, recycled waste carpet embodiment of a block-type material 10 includes a substrate 12, a side member 14 and the intermediate material 16.

[0023] 该底材12,由一止滑材22与一加强材M相对贴合而成。 [0023] The substrate 12, by a slip sheet and a reinforcing sheet 22 bonded to opposite from M. 该止滑材22是由包含橡胶及塑胶等弹性发泡材料的废弃物回收后粉碎而选取比例较高的塑胶混合发泡剂等原料所制成,该加强材24,是具高硬度的材质(硬度60度以上),如不织布。 The slip member 22 by the plastic and rubber waste recycling comprises elastic foamed material pulverizing selected higher proportion of plastic material made of a foaming agent mixing, the reinforcing material 24 is a material having high hardness (hardness of 60 degrees or more), such as non-woven fabric.

[0024] 该面材14,是绒布类编织半成品,具有一编织层沈与突出编织层沈的多数绒毛观,各该绒毛观稳固地连接于受热熔的编织层26上(该受热熔的编织层更可粘贴一加强材一不织布)。 [0024] The facestock 14, a flannel woven semifinished product having a braid sink and projecting braid sink most fluff concept, each of the pile concept firmly connected woven into by melt braid 26 (the subject hot melt a further adhesive layer may be a non-woven reinforcing material).

[0025] 该中间材16,贴置于该底材12与面材14之间,是由包含橡胶及塑胶等弹性发泡材料的废弃物回收后粉碎而选取比例较高的橡胶混合发泡剂等原料所制成而具适当柔软性, 硬度为20至50度。 [0025] The intermediate member 16, the paste 14 is placed between the substrate 12 and the surface material, by recycling the waste comprising rubber and plastic and elastic foamed material selected higher ratio of the rubber mixing pulverized blowing agent and other raw materials made with appropriate flexibility, hardness of 20 to 50 degrees.

[0026] 借此,本发明该利用回收废弃物为材料的方块型地毯10的特色及功效如下: [0026] Accordingly, the present invention is that the recycled carpet waste is a block-type characteristics and effectiveness of the material 10 is as follows:

[0027] 该方块型地毯10的组成中除了面材14的外,大量使用回收的废弃物为材料制成, 只需使用少量橡胶或塑胶原料,相较于公知方块型地毯,不仅可降低制作成本,且更具备废物利用、减少垃圾量的效果。 Composition [0027] This type of carpet box 10 in addition to the facestock 14, a large amount of recycled waste materials, only a small amount of rubber or plastic material, compared with the conventional block-type carpet, not only reducing the manufacturing cost, and more with recycling, reduce the amount of waste effect.

[0028] 其次,该底材12的止滑材22具备甚佳的止滑性,是以,铺设于办公室、一般家庭等场合时,不需如公知方块型地毯须再利用胶水粘着地面,该方块型地毯10只须直接置放于地面即不会移位,可避免使用胶水施工所产生的成本及污染。 When [0028] Next, the substrate 22 includes a slip member 12 is very good slip resistance, and therefore, the laying of the office, general household and other occasions, as is well-known block type need not be recycled carpet glue adhesive surface, the carpet block 10 need only be placed directly on the ground i.e. is not displaced, avoiding the use of glue costs and pollution arising from the construction.

[0029] 再者,由于该加强材M具高硬度,因此,该方块型地毯10的尺寸稳定性甚佳,进而可获致贴地性佳及施工方便的效果。 [0029] Further, since the reinforcing material M having a high hardness, and therefore, the dimensional stability of the carpet-type box 10 is very good, in turn affixed to the actuator of the good availability and convenience of construction effect.

[0030] 而如图2所示,该方块型地毯10的制法如下: [0030] and FIG. 2, as the block-type carpet Method 10:

[0031] 1.第一步骤110是制备面材14:如图3所示,其方法为: [0031] 1. The first step is to prepare the facestock 110 14: As shown in FIG 3, which method:

[0032] a)备取一绒布类编织半成品1101 :该绒布类编织半成品包含编织层沈与突出编织层沈的多数绒毛观。 [0032] a) be on the waiting list a semi-finished knitted velvets 1101: The semi-finished product comprising a knitted velvets braid sink and most fuzz projecting braid sink concept.

[0033] b)热熔1102 :利用公知的一热熔装置以适当温度(超过绒布类编织半成品材料熔化温度)熔化该编织层26。 [0033] b) melt 1102: a hot melt using a known means to a suitable temperature (semi-finished materials than woven velvets melting temperature) melts the braid 26.

[0034] c)挤压1103 :利用公知具二滚轮的挤压装置挤压该绒布类编织半成品1101 (更可通过该挤压装置将一加强材与热熔的绒布类编织半成品同时挤压而结合在一起,该加强材是不织布),用以使该热熔的编织层26凝结后可稳固地连接各绒毛观。 [0034] c) Extrusion 1103: by a known pressing device having two pressing rollers of the semi-finished knitted velvets 1101 (more pressing means through which a reinforcing woven material and a semi-finished product is hot-melt extruded and simultaneously flannel together, the reinforcing material is a non-woven), for causing the hot melt layer can be woven firmly connected to the respective pile 26 'post condensation.

[0035] 2.第二步骤120是制备底材12:如图4所示,其方法为: [0035] 2. The second step 120 the substrate 12 is prepared: As shown in FIG. 4, which method:

[0036] a)备取加强材与止滑材1201 : [0036] a) be on the waiting list and the stiffener sheet 1201 slip:

[0037] 如前所述,该加强材M是不织布,而该止滑材22的制备步骤1203如图5所示: [0037] As described above, the reinforcing material M is a non-woven, and the slip of the material prepared in step 22 shown in Figure 5 1203:

[0038] 回收粉碎1204 :是将包含橡胶及塑胶等材料的废弃物予以回收,如塑胶袋、废轮胎、鞋类、油封、塑胶管、废布或皮革、家具及燃烧残渣等含有橡胶、塑胶及纤维的建筑/工业废弃物,并利用一公知切碎机将废弃物予以粉碎成碎屑。 [0038] pulverizing recovered 1204: is waste containing rubber and plastics materials to be recycled, such as plastic bags, waste tires, footwear, seals, plastic tube, waste cloth or leather, furniture and other residues of combustion containing rubber, plastic and fiber construction / industrial waste, and the use of a well-known waste shredder will be comminuted into chips. 回收的废弃物切碎成碎屑后,虽然无法完整分离为个别的单一成分,但不同成分构成的碎屑可供添加于发泡材料中而作为次等原料,例如,以橡胶材料为主的废弃物碎屑(橡胶成分较高)可作为发泡原料的弹性调整材料,以塑胶材料为主的废弃物碎屑则可作为发泡原料的硬度调整材料(塑胶成分较高),而以纤维材料为主的废弃物碎屑可作为发泡原料的架桥剂或补强剂,如回收材料中有油酯成分也可以当作软化剂使用而不用加以清洗或分离。 Recovered waste chopped into chips, although not fully separated into individual single component, but for different debris components constituting the foamed material is added to the raw material as a second-class, e.g., a rubber-based material waste crumb (higher rubber component) can be adjusted as the elastic material of the foam raw material, mainly of plastic materials in the waste debris can be adjusted as the hardness of the foamed raw material (high plastic component), and a fiber waste scrap materials based foamable raw material can be used as crosslinking agents or reinforcing agents, such as recycled material may also be an oil ester component used as a softening agent be used without separation or washing.

[0039] 分层分离1205 :是利用摆置于一公知输送帯上的一容器(图中未示)容纳废弃物碎屑,其可利用输送帯输送容器的过程所产生的震动,使不同成分的废弃物碎屑依比重的差异自动于容器内形成分层分离的状态。 [0039] fractionate 1205: The use of a pendulum placed in a container (not shown) receiving the waste debris, which may be utilized during the transport container conveyor Bands vibration generated on a known conveying Bands, so that the different components automatically layered waste debris separated state in a container formed by the difference in specific gravity. 经分层分离后,该容器内容纳的废弃物碎屑内容如下:顶层的废弃物碎屑大体上包含80%纤维、10%塑胶及10%橡胶,中层的废弃物碎屑大体上包含60 %橡胶、30 %塑胶及10 %纤维,而该容器14内底层的废弃物碎屑大体上包含60%塑胶、30%橡胶及10%纤维。 After separation stratification, the waste container housed debris as follows: the top layer comprises substantially waste debris 80% fiber, 10%, and 10% rubber, plastic, waste debris generally includes middle 60% rubber, plastic 30%, and 10% fiber, whereas the bottom of the container 14 comprises substantially 60% of the waste plastic chips, 30% rubber and 10% fibers. 换言之,由于纤维的比重较塑胶、橡胶轻,因而,多数积聚于该容器内顶层。 In other words, the fiber specific gravity than plastic, rubber light, and therefore, most accumulated in the container top. 当然,亦可利用其他震动方式或磁力吸附、磁场及过筛等方式使不同成分的废弃物碎屑依比重的差异自动分层分离。 Of course, also the use of a pulsating manner or other magnetic adsorption, and sieving the magnetic field so that the different components of the embodiment according to difference in specific gravity of the waste debris automatic fractionate.

[0040] 选取原料并混合1206 :依需求自废弃物碎屑选取比例较多的塑胶屑与发泡剂、架桥剂或增粘剂(thickener)等化学药剂充分混合(并经杀菌处理)。 [0040] The material selected and mixed 1206: chips selected on demand from waste plastic chips ratio more blowing agents, crosslinking agents or tackifiers (Thickener) mixed with other chemicals (sterilized and treated).

[0041] 压片1207 :利用一公知混合机将原料予以混合并挤压成片状输出。 [0041] tableting 1207: mixer using a known starting material will be mixed and extruded into a sheet output.

[0042] b)加热贴合1202 : [0042] b) heating the bonded 1202:

[0043] 将该加强材M与止滑材22相对贴接并经过一烤箱予以加热,用以可通过该止滑材22受热发泡所产生的力量粘接加强材M而形成底材12。 [0043] The reinforcing material M and the slip member 22 and then through a relatively affixed oven to be heated, the adhesive force to be generated by the heat expansion of the slip member 22 reinforcing material M to form a substrate 12.

[0044] 3.第三步骤130是将面材、底材与中间材贴合:如图6所示,其方法为: [0044] 3. The third step is the surface material 130, substrate material is bonded to the intermediate: 6, which method:

[0045] a)备取中间材1301: [0045] a) an intermediate material 1301 be on the waiting list:

[0046] 该中间材16的制备方法如止滑材22,亦经由回收粉碎、分层分离、选取原料并混合及压片的步骤,而自废弃物碎屑选取比例较多的橡胶屑与发泡剂、架桥剂或增粘剂等药剂混合成片状材料。 [0046] The method of preparing the intermediate member 16 as slip sheet 22, also by pulverizing recovered, separated in the step of selecting raw materials and the mixing and tableting, the selected proportion with more rubber crumb made from waste scrap a foam stabilizer, bridging agent, or a thickener agent mixture into a sheet material.

[0047] b)压合1302 :将该中间材16置于面材14与底材12之间,并利用公知挤压装置予以挤压而贴接。 [0047] b) nip 1302: The intermediate sheet 16 is placed between the surface material 14 and the substrate 12, and extruded using a known means and then paste to be extruded.

[0048] c)加热成型1303 :将贴接的面材14、中间材16与底材12通过公知烤箱予以加热, 用以可通过该中间材16受热发泡所产生的力量粘接面材14与底材12而制成地毯。 [0048] c) thermoforming 1303: a facestock affixed to the contact 14, intermediate material 16 and the substrate 12 by well-known oven to be heated for the adhesion strength of the face material may be produced by heating the intermediate material 16 foam 14 and the substrate 12 made carpet.

[0049] 4.第四步骤140是裁切:将加热成型的地毯裁切呈方块型。 [0049] 4. The fourth step 140 is cut: a thermoformable carpet was cut block type.

[0050] 借此,即可获致该方块型地毯10。 [0050] Accordingly, to get the actuator block 10 Carpet.

[0051] 此外,如图7所示,该方块型地毯10的制法亦可为如下的步骤:制备底材210—> 制备面材220—>将面材、底材与中间材贴合230—>裁切M0。 [0051] Further, as shown in FIG. 7, the box-type carpet Method 10 may also be the steps of: preparing a substrate 210-> 220 was prepared facestock> facestock, the substrate 230 bonded to the intermediate member -> crop M0. 据此,亦可获得前述相同结构及功效的方块型地毯10。 Accordingly, the same structure can be obtained and the efficacy of the carpet 10 a block type.

[0052] 由上可知,本发明该方块型地毯的组成中除了面材之外大量使用回收的废弃物为材料制成,只需使用少量橡胶或塑胶原料,相较于公知方块型地毯可降低制作成本,更具备废物利用、减少垃圾量的效果。 [0052] From the above, the composition of the present invention is a block-type carpet in addition to the large surface material is recycled waste materials, only a small amount of rubber or plastic material, compared with the conventional block-type carpet may be reduced production costs, but also with waste utilization, reduce the amount of waste effect. 其次,该方块型地毯具备甚佳的止滑性及尺寸稳定性、贴地性,可直接铺置于地面即不会移位,不需如公知方块型地毯须利用胶水粘着地面,可避免使用胶水施工所产生的成本及污染,施工亦甚为方便。 Secondly, the block-type carpet comprising slip resistance and dimensional stability is very good, affixed to resistance, i.e. may be directly placed on the ground laying not displaced, as is well-known block type need not be with glue adhesive carpet floor, avoiding the use of glue the construction cost and the resulting pollution, construction is also quite convenient.

[0053] 值得一提的是,本发明更可依需求的不同而改变止滑材、中间材所选取废弃物碎屑的比例,例如,欲使该中间材更具有弹性,可提高以橡胶材料为主的废弃物碎屑添加量, 而若欲提高该止滑材的硬度,可增加以塑胶材料为主的废弃物碎屑用量。 [0053] It is worth mentioning that the present invention is more varied according to different demands of the ratio of waste debris slip material, the intermediate material is selected, for example, purports to the intermediate material is more flexible, to improve rubber material the addition amount of the waste-based debris, and to increase the hardness of the Ruoyu slip material, mainly of plastic materials may be increased to the amount of waste debris.

Claims (10)

  1. 1. 一种利用回收废弃物为材料的方块型地毯,其特征在于,其包含有:底材,包含止滑材,其是以废弃物回收的弹性发泡材料等原料制成;加强材,其贴置于该止滑材表面,是具有高硬度的材质;面材,包含编织层与突出编织层的多数绒毛,各该绒毛稳固地连接编织层;及中间材,贴置于该底材与面材之间,是以废弃物回收的弹性发泡材料为主要材料等原料制成,具适当柔软性。 A recycled waste carpet material is a block type, characterized in that it comprises: a substrate, comprising a non-slip material, which is made of elastic foam material and other waste material recycled; reinforcing material, which is affixed to the surface disposed slip material, a material having high hardness; facestock comprises a plurality of protruding villous braid braid, each of which is firmly connected pile woven layer; and an intermediate material, a paste disposed in the substrate between the facestock, it is made of an elastic foamed material waste recycling as the main raw material or the like, having a suitable softness.
  2. 2.如权利要求1所述利用回收废弃物为材料的方块型地毯,其特征在于,该止滑材与中间材选取自包含橡胶及塑胶等弹性发泡材料的回收废弃物碎屑并添加适量橡胶、塑胶材料及发泡剂等原料所制成。 2. The use as claimed in claim 1 is a block Carpet Recycling waste material, characterized in that the slip material and the intermediate material is selected from scrap comprising recycled waste rubber and plastic and elastic foamed material added an appropriate amount of rubber, plastic and other raw materials and a foaming agent made.
  3. 3.如权利要求2所述利用回收废弃物为材料的方块型地毯,其特征在于,该止滑材的原料中废弃物碎屑与橡胶、塑胶材料的重量比为1 : 9至1 : 4,该中间材的原料中废弃物碎屑与橡胶、塑胶材料的重量比为1 : 1至1 : 9。 3. The use of recycled waste as claimed in claim 2 is a block-type carpet material, characterized in that the slip material in the waste material is crumb rubber, plastic material weight ratio is 1: 9 to 1: 4 , the intermediate material with the rubber material, the weight of waste scrap plastic materials is from 1: 1 to 1: 9.
  4. 4.如权利要求1所述利用回收废弃物为材料的方块型地毯,其特征在于,各该绒毛稳固地连接受热熔的编织层,一加强材,粘贴于该受热熔的编织层。 4. The use of recycled waste claim 1 is a block-type carpet material, wherein each of the pile is firmly connected acceptable melt braid, a reinforcing member, attached to the braid by a hot-melt.
  5. 5. 一种利用回收废弃物为材料的方块型地毯制法,其特征在于,其步骤至少包含有:a)制备面材,其方法为:备取绒布类编织半成品:该绒布类编织半成品包含一编织层与突出编织层的多数绒毛;热熔:以适当温度熔化该编织层;挤压:以适当压力挤压该绒布类编织半成品,用以使各该绒毛可稳固地连接编织层;b)制备底材,其方法为:备取加强材与止滑材:该加强材是高硬度的布料,该止滑材包含废弃物回收的弹性发泡材混合发泡剂等原料的片状材料;加热贴合:将该加强材与止滑材相对贴接并予以加热,用以可通过该止滑材受热发泡所产生的力量粘接加强材而形成底材;及c)将该面材、底材与中间材贴合,其方法为:备取中间材:该中间材包含废弃物回收的弹性发泡材混合发泡剂等原料的片状材料; 压合:将该中间材置于面材底材之间并以适当 A recycled waste carpet manufacturing method for the block-type material, characterized in that it comprises at least the steps of: a) preparing facestock which method: semi-finished knitted velvets be on the waiting list: The semifinished product comprises knitted velvets most fluff layer and a protruding braid braid; melt: the melt at an appropriate temperature braid; extrusion: extrusion at an appropriate pressure of the semi-finished knitted velvets, for each of the pile can be firmly connected braid; B ) preparing a substrate, which method: slip material and reinforcing material be on the waiting list: this is a fabric reinforcing material having high hardness, the slip member comprises an elastic foam material waste recycling mixed raw sheet material foaming agents ; heat bonding: the reinforcing material and the slip material to be heated and then paste relative to the adhesive strength can be produced by the slip sheet material to form a heated foamed reinforcing substrate; and c) the surface material, bonded to the substrate and the intermediate member, the method is: be on the waiting list intermediate material: the intermediate material comprises a sheet material waste recycling elastic foam material mixing raw materials such as a foaming agent; nip: the intermediate sheet opposed between the substrate and facestock a suitable 压力予以挤压而贴接; 加热成型:将贴接的面材、中间材与底材予以加热,用以可通过该中间材受热发泡所产生的力量粘接面材与底材而制成地毯。 And then paste extrusion pressure to be; thermoforming: a contact surface material paste, the intermediate material and the substrate to be heated to be the adhesive force with the substrate surface material is produced by heating the intermediate member is made of foaming carpet.
  6. 6.如权利要求5所述利用回收废弃物为材料的方块型地毯制法,其特征在于,该止滑材与中间材的制备方法,其步骤为:回收粉碎:将包含橡胶及塑胶等材料的废弃物予以回收并粉碎成碎屑; 分层分离:使不同成分的废弃物碎屑依比重的差异自动分层分离; 选取原料并混合:依需求选取组成中橡胶或塑胶不同比例的废弃物碎屑与发泡剂等原料充分混合;及压片:以适当压力挤压混合的原料,用以使其呈片状输出。 5 6. The recycled waste carpet as claimed in claim production method for the block-type material, characterized in that the slip material and the preparation method of the intermediate material, comprising the steps of: pulverizing recovered: including rubber and plastics materials the waste to be recovered and comminuted into chips; layered separator: that the different components of the waste debris is automatically separated by difference in specific gravity stratification; selecting and mixing the raw material: select a different composition ratio of the rubber or plastic waste on demand debris and other material mixed with a foaming agent; and tableting: pressing an appropriate pressure to the raw material mixture, so as to output flaky.
  7. 7.如权利要求5所述利用回收废弃物为材料的方块型地毯制法,其特征在于,其是通过一挤压装置将加强材与热熔的绒布类编织半成品同时挤压而结合在一起。 As claimed in claim 5, wherein the recycled waste carpet manufacturing method for the block-type material, characterized in that it is obtained by pressing a hot-melt material and the reinforcing means of semi-finished knitted velvets bonded together while pressing .
  8. 8. 一种利用回收废弃物为材料的方块型地毯制法,其特征在于,其步骤至少包含有:a)制备底材,其方法为:备取加强材与止滑材:该加强材是高硬度的布料,该止滑材包含废弃物回收的弹性发泡材混合发泡剂等原料的片状材料;加热贴合:将该加强材与止滑材相对贴接并予以加热,用以可通过该止滑材受热发泡所产生的力量粘接加强材而形成底材;b)制备面材,其方法为:备取绒布类编织半成品:该绒布类编织半成品包含一编织层与突出编织层的多数绒毛;热熔:以适当温度熔化该编织层;挤压:以适当压力挤压该绒布类编织半成品,用以使各该绒毛可稳固地连接编织层;及c)将该面材、底材与中间材贴合,其方法为:备取中间材:该中间材包含废弃物回收的弹性发泡材混合发泡剂等原料的片状材料; 压合:将该中间材置于面材与底材之间并以适 A recycled waste carpet manufacturing method for the block-type material, characterized in that it comprises at least the steps of: a) preparing a substrate, which method: slip material and be on the waiting list reinforcing material: the reinforcing material is cloth of high hardness, the slip sheet material comprising a sheet-like elastic foam material waste recycling mixed raw material such as a foaming agent; heat bonding: the reinforcing material and the slip material to be heated and then paste relative to bonding strength reinforcing member can be produced by the slip material is heated to form a foamed substrate; b) preparing facestock which method: semi-finished knitted velvets be on the waiting list: the semifinished product comprises a woven velvets protruding braid most fluff braid; melt: the melt at an appropriate temperature braid; extrusion: extrusion at an appropriate pressure of the semi-finished knitted velvets, for each of the pile can be securely connected to the braid; and c) the surface material, bonded to the substrate and the intermediate member, the method is: be on the waiting list intermediate material: the intermediate material comprises a sheet material waste recycling elastic foam material mixing raw materials such as a foaming agent; nip: the intermediate sheet opposed between the facestock and the substrate and adapted to 当压力予以挤压而贴接; 加热成型:将贴接的面材、中间材与底材予以加热,用以可通过该中间材受热发泡所产生的力量粘接面材与底材而制成地毯。 When the paste extrusion pressure is to be connected; thermoforming: a contact surface material paste, the intermediate material and the substrate to be heated to be the adhesive force with the substrate surface material is produced by heating the intermediate foamed material prepared into the carpet.
  9. 9.如权利要求8所述利用回收废弃物为材料的方块型地毯制法,其特征在于,该止滑材与中间材的制备方法,其步骤为:回收粉碎:将包含橡胶及塑胶等材料的废弃物予以回收并粉碎成碎屑; 分层分离:使不同成分的废弃物碎屑依比重的差异自动分层分离; 选取原料并混合:依需求选取组成中橡胶或塑胶不同比例的废弃物碎屑与发泡剂等原料充分混合;及压片:以适当压力挤压混合的原料,用以使其呈片状输出。 9. The use as claimed in claim 8 is a block type recovered waste carpet material production method, wherein, for preparing the slip material and the intermediate material, comprising the steps of: pulverizing recovered: including rubber and plastics materials the waste to be recovered and comminuted into chips; layered separator: that the different components of the waste debris is automatically separated by difference in specific gravity stratification; selecting and mixing the raw material: select a different composition ratio of the rubber or plastic waste on demand debris and other material mixed with a foaming agent; and tableting: pressing an appropriate pressure to the raw material mixture, so as to output flaky.
  10. 10.如权利要求8所述利用回收废弃物为材料的方块型地毯制法,其特征在于,其是通过一挤压装置将加强材与热熔的绒布类编织半成品同时挤压而结合在一起。 Bonded together as claimed in claim 8 the recycled waste carpet manufacturing method for the block-type material, characterized in that it is obtained by pressing a hot-melt material and the reinforcing means of simultaneous extrusion of semi-finished knitted velvets .
CN 201010130373 2010-03-23 2010-03-23 Square carpet manufactured by using recycled wastes as materials and manufacturing method thereof CN102197949A (en)

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CN202027352U (en) * 2010-03-23 2011-11-09 旭聚企业股份有限公司 Square carpet employing reclaimed waste as materials

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104188441A (en) * 2014-08-29 2014-12-10 安徽锦绣经纬编有限公司 Carpet and manufacturing method thereof
CN105729945A (en) * 2014-12-26 2016-07-06 简单科技股份有限公司 Method for Manufacturing a Composite Resilient Product Selected from Thermosetting Material and Thermoplastic Material

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