CN102197756A - Industrialized low-consumption production method of maize seedlings - Google Patents

Industrialized low-consumption production method of maize seedlings Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102197756A
CN102197756A CN 201110127053 CN201110127053A CN102197756A CN 102197756 A CN102197756 A CN 102197756A CN 201110127053 CN201110127053 CN 201110127053 CN 201110127053 A CN201110127053 A CN 201110127053A CN 102197756 A CN102197756 A CN 102197756A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
production method
seedling
maize
low consumption
low
Prior art date
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Pending
Application number
CN 201110127053
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨铁钢
郭红霞
侯玉霞
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Henan Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Henan Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Publication date
Application filed by Henan Academy of Agricultural Sciences filed Critical Henan Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Priority to CN 201110127053 priority Critical patent/CN102197756A/en
Publication of CN102197756A publication Critical patent/CN102197756A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention relates to an industrialized low-consumption production method of maize seedlings. The industrialized low-consumption production method of maize seedlings specifically comprises the steps of: sowing one or more maize seeds in a seedling culturing plate with holes, covering the seeds with soil, maintaining a matrix at a proper humidity from the upper part or the lower part of the seedling culturing plate, and slightly pulling the maize seedlings out after the seedlings emerge for 3 to 50 days so that the maize seedlings can be transplanted. The industrialized low-consumption production method of maize seedlings disclosed by the invention has low seedling culturing cost and low labor intensity; an earthen bowl is not easy to crack; and the re-growing period of the cultured maize seedlings is short, and the production cost is lower.

Description

Maize seedling batch production low consumption production method
Technical field
The invention belongs to the corn planting technical field, be specifically related to a kind of maize seedling batch production low consumption production method.
Background technology
Corn adopts seedling transplanting technique can significantly increase output, but conventional feeding block seedlings raising mode is because the cost height, system alms bowl trouble and can't large-area applications.In view of the above, we have invented the simple and easy method that a kind of corn industrialized seedling is transplanted, in the hope of adopting seedling transplanting technique that technical support is provided for the corn large tracts of land.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to provide a kind of maize seedling batch production low consumption production method, produces and can't adopt seedling raising and transplanting to improve the technical barrier of corn yield by large tracts of land to solve.
For achieving the above object, the present invention adopts following technical scheme:
A kind of maize seedling batch production low consumption production method; this method is: the corn seed more than or two is sowed in having the seedling-cultivating tray in hole; cover with soil; make the soil conservation humidity that suits from seedling-cultivating tray top or from the bottom, back 3-50 days of emerging is extracted maize seedling gently from the hole and promptly be can be used for transplanting.
Described hole is circular or square; The hole diameter or the length of side are 1-1000mm.
Described seedling-cultivating tray is plastics or foamed material etc.
In addition,, strengthen maize root system intensity, can add the plant rooting promoter of 0.0001mg-1000mg in every kilogram of soil or after emergence of corn, spray the plant rooting promoter for increasing maize root system quantity.Described rooting promoter is preferably one or more the combination in heteroauxin, heteroauxin sodium, methyl, Nafusaku, indolebutyric acid, indolebutyric acid sodium, indolebutyric acid methyl esters, 2, the 4-D butyl ester.When employing sprays mode, be that the aqueous solution of 0.0001-1000mg/Kg is advisable above-claimed cpd is made into mass percentage concentration.
The innovative point of the inventive method is: utilize hole, seedling-cultivating tray cave to make maize root system and soil become pseudostructure alms bowl body preferably.This method production cost is extremely low, easy to use, and effect of increasing production is obvious.
Compare beneficial effect of the present invention with prior art:
Seedling cost is low, obvious effect of increasing production.Traditional feeding block seedlings raising method is to utilize soil-block forming device that the soil of certain humidity is pressed into the bigger alms bowl body of volume, and it is big that this alms bowl body is not only made labour intensity, and it is more to make recruitment, and made alms bowl body intensity is less, meets the promptly diffusing alms bowl of microtremor.And not only laborsaving by the method, the make efficiency height, and also alms bowl body brute force is also bigger, can make corn easily realize the factorial seedling growth transplanting.
Embodiment:
By the following examples the inventive method is elaborated, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, this is tested in 2010 and carries out.
(1) embodiment:
Handle A: March 15, with sower a corn seed is sowed in the hole length of side is the seedling-cultivating tray (seedling-cultivating tray is a plastic material) of 18mm, the soil of the about 2cm thickness of loam cake after planting, put into the shed that is stamped plastic sheeting for farm use afterwards, the heteroauxin sodium water solution from seedling-cultivating tray top with concentration 30mg/Kg remains on 60%-65% with soil moisture.After emerging, spray the nutrient solution (contain 0.01% urea and 0.01% potassium dihydrogen phosphate, all the other are water) that contains N, P, K nutrient and make soil moisture remain on 60%-65%, after waiting to emerge 20 days, maize seedling extracted from the hole, cave gently promptly can be used for transplanting.
Treatments B: March 15, with manually a corn seed being sowed in the hole length of side is the seedling-cultivating tray (seedling-cultivating tray is a plastic material) of 18mm, the soil of the about 2cm thickness of loam cake after planting, put into the shed that is stamped plastic sheeting for farm use afterwards, the heteroauxin sodium water solution from seedling-cultivating tray top with concentration 30mg/Kg remains on 60%-65% with soil moisture.After emerging, spray the nutrient solution (contain 0.01% urea and 0.01% potassium dihydrogen phosphate, all the other are water) that contains N, P, K nutrient and make soil moisture remain on 60%-65%, after waiting to emerge 20 days, maize seedling extracted from the hole, cave gently promptly can be used for transplanting.The difference part of handling A and treatments B is that the former adopts mechanical planting, and the latter adopts by artificial seeding's mode.
Handle C: March 15, go up traditional feeding block seedlings raising method according to production and grow seedlings, transplant afterwards.
Handle D:, adopt the direct seeding method of traditional large-area applications to sow April 10.
Different disposal method gained the results are shown in following table:
Can find out obviously that by last table the seedling cost of employing the inventive method is obviously on the low side, survival rate is also higher relatively; The corn per mu yield is apparently higher than the processing D that adopts direct-seeding, and application should be widely promoted.

Claims (6)

1. maize seedling batch production low consumption production method; it is characterized in that; corn seed more than one or two is sowed in having the seedling-cultivating tray in hole; cover with soil; make the soil conservation humidity that suits from seedling-cultivating tray top or from the bottom, back 3-50 days of emerging is extracted maize seedling gently from the hole and promptly be can be used for transplanting.
2. maize seedling batch production low consumption production method according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described hole is circular or square; The hole diameter or the length of side are 1-1000mm.
3. maize seedling batch production low consumption production method according to claim 1 is characterized in that described seedling-cultivating tray is plastics or foamed material.
4. maize seedling batch production low consumption production method according to claim 1 is characterized in that, adds the plant rooting promoter of 0.0001-1000 mg/Kg in the soil.
5. maize seedling batch production low consumption production method according to claim 1 is characterized in that, sprays the plant rooting promoter of 0.0001-1000mg/Kg after the emergence of corn.
6. as maize seedling batch production low consumption production method as described in claim 4 or 5, it is characterized in that, described rooting promoter is one or more the combination in heteroauxin, heteroauxin sodium, methyl, Nafusaku, indolebutyric acid, indolebutyric acid sodium, indolebutyric acid methyl esters, 2, the 4-D butyl ester.
CN 201110127053 2011-05-17 2011-05-17 Industrialized low-consumption production method of maize seedlings Pending CN102197756A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201110127053 CN102197756A (en) 2011-05-17 2011-05-17 Industrialized low-consumption production method of maize seedlings

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201110127053 CN102197756A (en) 2011-05-17 2011-05-17 Industrialized low-consumption production method of maize seedlings

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102197756A true CN102197756A (en) 2011-09-28

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102487677A (en) * 2011-11-18 2012-06-13 河南省农业科学院 Production method for multiple cropping of corn, peanut or soybean in one year
CN102884930A (en) * 2012-10-08 2013-01-23 刘绍春 Seedling growing and transplanting method of corn, and mechanical transplanting machine matched with method
CN103782754A (en) * 2013-10-19 2014-05-14 林平 Method for transplanting corn in zero-leaf stage

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101773043A (en) * 2010-03-04 2010-07-14 宋恒福 Corn industrialized seedling high yield cultivation technique

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101773043A (en) * 2010-03-04 2010-07-14 宋恒福 Corn industrialized seedling high yield cultivation technique

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
《农技服务》 20081015 黄仕友 玉米营养球育苗移栽技术 21 1-6 , 第10期 *
《科学种养》 20060901 王仁如 夏玉米育苗移栽技术 13-14 1-6 , 第8期 *

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102487677A (en) * 2011-11-18 2012-06-13 河南省农业科学院 Production method for multiple cropping of corn, peanut or soybean in one year
CN102884930A (en) * 2012-10-08 2013-01-23 刘绍春 Seedling growing and transplanting method of corn, and mechanical transplanting machine matched with method
CN102884930B (en) * 2012-10-08 2017-08-15 刘绍春 Corn seedling raising and transplanting method and its supporting machinery transplanter
CN103782754A (en) * 2013-10-19 2014-05-14 林平 Method for transplanting corn in zero-leaf stage

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Application publication date: 20110928