CN102189388B - Manufacture method of door module of integral vehicle main model checking fixture - Google Patents

Manufacture method of door module of integral vehicle main model checking fixture Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102189388B
CN102189388B CN 201110070697 CN201110070697A CN102189388B CN 102189388 B CN102189388 B CN 102189388B CN 201110070697 CN201110070697 CN 201110070697 CN 201110070697 A CN201110070697 A CN 201110070697A CN 102189388 B CN102189388 B CN 102189388B
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China
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workpiece
vehicle main
door module
checking fixture
integral vehicle
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CN 201110070697
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102189388A (en
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董力
刘建
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昆山若宇检具工业有限公司
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Publication of CN102189388A publication Critical patent/CN102189388A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a manufacture method of a door module of an integral vehicle main model checking fixture. The manufacturing method approximately comprises the following steps of: carrying out rough machining on an aluminum alloy blank, then carrying out aging treatment, renovating a corresponding machining reference platform, semifinishing, then carrying out aging treatment, finishing, measuring by using a three-coordinate measuring machine, renovating the corresponding machining reference platform, secondarily finishing, and assembling a workpiece. The method has the advantages of effectively eliminating precision influence of machining deformation to final products through multiple aging treatment and renovation on the machining reference platform, ensuring that the final product reaches the requirement for strength by using the aluminum alloy material with reliable strength, and manufacturing the door module of the integral vehicle main model checking fixture according with requirements for strength and precision.

Description

The manufacture method of door module of integral vehicle main model checking fixture
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of manufacture method of integral vehicle main model checking fixture, be specifically related to a kind of manufacture method of door module of integral vehicle main model checking fixture.
Background technology
The car load master cast is test stage and quality control tools indispensable in the modern automobile industry, because the instrument that integral vehicle main model checking fixture conduct itself detects, it need to reach the requirement that accuracy is good, intensity is high, to adapt to concrete applied environment.In the car load master cast, door module is because its design feature and institute's application site particularity, need to have good structural strength and precision as assurance, but in the existing manufacturing processing method, often the problem of machining deformation amount is paid attention to deficiency, or do not adopt effective technical scheme but to address this problem, cause intensity and the precision of final products can not reach the index that requires in advance, form defect ware, waste resource and manpower, production efficiency is low.
Summary of the invention
Be to solve the deficiencies in the prior art, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind ofly to have the manufacture method of the door module of integral vehicle main model checking fixture of satisfactory hardness and precision by the door module of integral vehicle main model checking fixture that makes that successfully manages the machining deformation problem.
In order to realize above-mentioned target, the present invention adopts following technical scheme:
The manufacture method of door module of integral vehicle main model checking fixture is characterized in that, comprises the steps:
A, the aluminium alloy blank is carried out roughing, form the rough-wrought product of the workpiece that forms door module of integral vehicle main model checking fixture, and the rough-wrought product of above-mentioned workpiece is carried out Ageing Treatment;
B, at the corresponding machining benchmark platform of the rough-wrought product of above-mentioned workpiece trimming;
C, the rough-wrought product of above-mentioned workpiece is carried out semifinishing, the controlled working amount keeps certain allowance, forms the semifinishing product of workpiece;
D, the semifinishing product of workpiece is carried out Ageing Treatment;
E, the semifinishing product of workpiece is carried out the intensely processed products that fine finishining forms workpiece, and keep certain allowance;
F, utilize three coordinate measuring machine to measure to profile and the machining benchmark platform of the intensely processed products of workpiece;
G, according to the concrete condition of the measurement result among the step f, carry out secondary fine processing, profile is met the requirements, form the workpiece of required composition door module of integral vehicle main model checking fixture;
The workpiece of h, the above-mentioned composition door module of integral vehicle main model checking fixture of assembling forms door module of integral vehicle main model checking fixture.
The manufacture method of aforesaid door module of integral vehicle main model checking fixture is characterized in that, the workpiece of above-mentioned composition door module of integral vehicle main model checking fixture comprises door skin and inner plate of car door.
The manufacture method of aforesaid door module of integral vehicle main model checking fixture is characterized in that, above-mentioned steps a, b, c, g all use the CNC machining center to the processing that hockets of the tow sides of workpiece.
The manufacture method of aforesaid door module of integral vehicle main model checking fixture, it is characterized in that, in above-mentioned steps a, roughing and Ageing Treatment hocket at twice, carry out double-edged roughing for the first time, and 5 millimeters surpluses are respectively stayed on the two sides, then carried out natural aging treatment 168 hours, carry out the double-edged roughing second time after the natural aging treatment, 3 millimeters surpluses are respectively stayed on the two sides, then carry out artificial aging and process; Carry out in the roughing at the tow sides to above-mentioned aluminium alloy blank, tow sides are all reserved the position of machining benchmark platform, in addition, also will remain in advance the locating platform that lifts and support.
The manufacture method of aforesaid door module of integral vehicle main model checking fixture is characterized in that, in carrying out step c during semifinishing, is used for lifting and the locating platform that supports continues to keep, and controls the processing capacity of every cutter during processing, and tow sides all keep 1 millimeter surplus.
The manufacture method of aforesaid door module of integral vehicle main model checking fixture is characterized in that, the Ageing Treatment among the above-mentioned steps d is the natrual ageing in thermostatic chamber, and the time of natrual ageing is 72 hours, and the temperature range of thermostatic chamber temperature is 20 to 25 degrees centigrade.
The manufacture method of aforesaid door module of integral vehicle main model checking fixture, it is characterized in that, in above-mentioned steps e, carry out first the front machining benchmark platform finishing of fine finishining, remove again for lifting and the locating platform that supports, carry out fine finishining, when carrying out fine finishining, remove the machining benchmark platform machining benchmark is transformed on the measuring basis hole that workpiece itself is designed with, the controlled working amount finally keeps 0.3 millimeter surplus.
The manufacture method of aforesaid door module of integral vehicle main model checking fixture, it is characterized in that, in above-mentioned steps g, if it is even to detect surplus among the step f, then the wherein one side of the semifinishing product of workpiece is carried out being refined to desired profile the second time, the locating platform that no longer keeps surplus and be used for lifting and support, and replace locating platform at the above-mentioned original position adhering resin material that has been removed for lifting and the locating platform that supports, the resin material of bonding is processed made it identical with the machining benchmark podium level; If it is inhomogeneous to detect surplus among the step f, then according to concrete error condition, 0.3 millimeter the surplus biasing allowance that utilizes reverse side to reserve carries out adequate compensation, carries out secondary fine processing again.
The manufacture method of aforesaid door module of integral vehicle main model checking fixture is characterized in that, the material that the aluminium alloy blank uses is 6 series alloys materials.
Usefulness of the present invention is: the Ageing Treatment by repeatedly and to the trimming of machining benchmark platform, effectively eliminated the Accuracy of machining deformation to final products, the while working strength is aluminum alloy materials reliably, make final products can reach requirement of strength, produce the satisfactory door module of integral vehicle main model checking fixture of hardness and precision.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the schematic block diagram of steps flow chart of the manufacture method of door module of integral vehicle main model checking fixture of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments the present invention is done concrete introduction.
Fig. 1 is the schematic block diagram of steps flow chart of the manufacture method of door module of integral vehicle main model checking fixture of the present invention.
With reference to Fig. 1, the manufacture method of door module of integral vehicle main model checking fixture of the present invention mainly comprises following step:
Step a: the aluminium alloy blank is carried out roughing, form the rough-wrought product of the workpiece that forms door module of integral vehicle main model checking fixture, and the rough-wrought product of above-mentioned workpiece is carried out Ageing Treatment.So-called roughing is exactly on the basis that keeps certain allowance, process according in advance the design primary structure with workpiece on the aluminium alloy blank with the CNC machining center in advance, and process accordingly need in the subsequent step be used for the location, support, the platform structure of lifting, what need explanation here is for the location, support, the platform structure of lifting is not exist at final product, but only be for the follow-up easy to process and intermediate structure of design, removal that can be in good time in follow-up procedure of processing.
As preferred version, the workpiece of the composition door module of integral vehicle main model checking fixture in of the present invention comprises door skin and car internal hilar plate.Below do not have specified otherwise, the workpiece of indication all describes as embodiment with door skin and car internal hilar plate.
In addition, below to the processing of workpiece, refer to use the CNC machining center to the processing that hockets of the tow sides of workpiece.
As a kind of preferred version, roughing and Ageing Treatment among the step a hocket at twice, carry out for the first time double-edged roughing, 5 millimeters surpluses are respectively stayed on the two sides, then carried out natural aging treatment 168 hours, carry out the double-edged roughing second time after the natural aging treatment, 3 millimeters surpluses are respectively stayed on the two sides, then carry out artificial aging and process; Carry out in the roughing at the tow sides to the aluminium alloy blank, tow sides are all reserved the position of machining benchmark platform, and in addition, the locating platform that is used for lifting and support also will be reserved.Described machining benchmark platform refers to the platform for the lathe tool processing dead-center position of determining the CNC machining center, and described locating platform is for the follow-up man-hour that adds, in order not affect the structure of workpiece itself, some is suitable for the sufficient platform structure of surplus that stressed part processes at workpiece.
Artificial aging among the step a adopts following technical scheme: be that insulation was placed 6-10 hour in 180 degrees centigrade of (± 5 degrees centigrade) aging furnaces in temperature.
Step b: at the corresponding machining benchmark platform of rough-wrought product trimming of workpiece.Because during the artificial aging in step a is processed, because the stress that roughing produces obtains discharging, and then processing deformation makes moderate progress, and the machining benchmark platform of processing among the step a may change, and therefore needs the corresponding machining benchmark platform of trimming.
Step c: the rough-wrought product to workpiece carries out semifinishing, and the controlled working amount keeps certain allowance, forms the semifinishing product of workpiece.So-called semifinishing refers to further reduce allowance on rough machined basis, still keeps such as intermediate structures such as locating platforms simultaneously.
As a kind of preferred version, in carrying out step c during semifinishing, be used for lifting and the locating platform that supports continues to keep, control the processing capacity of every cutter during processing, tow sides all keep 1 millimeter surplus.
Steps d: the semifinishing product to workpiece carries out Ageing Treatment.
As a kind of preferred version, the Ageing Treatment in the steps d is the natrual ageing in thermostatic chamber, and the time of natrual ageing is 72 hours, and the temperature range of thermostatic chamber temperature is 20 to 25 degrees centigrade, and as a kind of preferred version, temperature can be selected 22 degrees centigrade.
Step e: the semifinishing product to workpiece carries out the intensely processed products that fine finishining forms workpiece, and keeps certain allowance.
As preferred version, in step e, carry out first the front machining benchmark platform finishing of fine finishining, remove again the locating platform for lifting and support, carry out fine finishining, remove the machining benchmark platform when carrying out fine finishining machining benchmark is transformed on the measuring basis hole that workpiece itself is designed with, the controlled working amount finally keeps 0.3 millimeter surplus.
Herein, why carry out again the machining benchmark platform is revised, its reason as hereinbefore, step has namely been carried out Ageing Treatment, variation has occured in the machining benchmark platform, in order to guarantee the accurately machined precision among the step e, so repair again the machining benchmark platform.
Step f: profile and machining benchmark platform to the intensely processed products of workpiece utilize three coordinate measuring machine (Coordinate Measuring Machining is abbreviated as CMM) to measure.
Step g: according to the concrete condition of the measurement result among the step f, carry out secondary fine processing, profile is met the requirements, form the workpiece of required composition door module of integral vehicle main model checking fixture.
Allowance and intermediate structure are namely no longer preserved in so-called secondary fine processing, directly are machined to profile according to designing requirement.
In step g, if it is even to detect surplus among the step f, then the wherein one side of the semifinishing product of workpiece is carried out being refined to desired profile second time, no longer keep surplus and be used for lifting and the locating platform of support; For adding, reverse side still has the part that can support or lift man-hour, replace locating platform at the above-mentioned original position adhering resin material that has been removed for lifting and the locating platform that supports, the resin material of bonding is processed made it identical with the machining benchmark level.If it is inhomogeneous to detect surplus among the step f, then according to concrete error condition, 0.3 millimeter the surplus biasing allowance that utilizes reverse side to reserve carries out adequate compensation, carries out secondary fine processing again.
After finishing final secondary fine processing, remove the resin material that replaces locating platform, finish workpiece and finally process, form final products.The door skin and the inner plate of car door that namely meet as previously mentioned precision and hardness requirement.
Step h: assemble the workpiece of above-mentioned composition door module of integral vehicle main model checking fixture, form door module of integral vehicle main model checking fixture.
The workpiece that is about to final molding in the step g is assembled into whole car owner's model cubing door module, particularly exactly door skin and inner plate of car door is assembled into unified door module of integral vehicle main model checking fixture with regard to aforesaid preferred version, finishes whole manufacture process.
In addition, as preferred version, the material that the aluminium alloy blank uses is that the material that workpiece uses is 6 series alloys materials.6 series alloys material tensile strengths can reach 265 MPas (Mpa), and the aluminium alloy tensile strength of before technique use only has 205 MPas (Mpa).
Above-described embodiment does not limit the present invention in any form, and all employings are equal to replaces or technical scheme that the mode of equivalent transformation obtains, all drops in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. the manufacture method of door module of integral vehicle main model checking fixture is characterized in that, comprises the steps:
A, the aluminium alloy blank is carried out roughing, form the rough-wrought product of the workpiece that forms door module of integral vehicle main model checking fixture, and the rough-wrought product of above-mentioned workpiece is carried out Ageing Treatment;
B, at the corresponding machining benchmark platform of the rough-wrought product of above-mentioned workpiece trimming;
C, the rough-wrought product of above-mentioned workpiece is carried out semifinishing, the controlled working amount keeps certain allowance, forms the semifinishing product of workpiece;
D, the semifinishing product of workpiece is carried out Ageing Treatment;
E, the semifinishing product of workpiece is carried out the intensely processed products that fine finishining forms workpiece, and keep certain allowance;
F, utilize three coordinate measuring machine to measure to profile and the machining benchmark platform of the intensely processed products of workpiece;
G, according to the concrete condition of the measurement result among the step f, carry out secondary fine processing, profile is met the requirements, form the workpiece of required composition door module of integral vehicle main model checking fixture;
The workpiece of h, the above-mentioned composition door module of integral vehicle main model checking fixture of assembling forms door module of integral vehicle main model checking fixture;
In above-mentioned steps a, roughing and Ageing Treatment hocket at twice, carry out for the first time double-edged roughing, 5 millimeters surpluses are respectively stayed on the two sides, then carried out natural aging treatment 168 hours, carry out the double-edged roughing second time after the natural aging treatment, 3 millimeters surpluses are respectively stayed on the two sides, then carry out artificial aging and process; Carry out in the roughing at the tow sides to above-mentioned aluminium alloy blank, tow sides are all reserved the position of machining benchmark platform, in addition, also will remain in advance the locating platform that lifts and support.
2. the manufacture method of door module of integral vehicle main model checking fixture according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the workpiece of above-mentioned composition door module of integral vehicle main model checking fixture comprises door skin and inner plate of car door.
3. the manufacture method of door module of integral vehicle main model checking fixture according to claim 2 is characterized in that, above-mentioned steps a, b, c, g all use the CNC machining center to the processing that hockets of the tow sides of workpiece.
4. the manufacture method of door module of integral vehicle main model checking fixture according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, in carrying out step c during semifinishing, be used for lifting and the locating platform that supports continues to keep, control the processing capacity of every cutter during processing, tow sides all keep 1 millimeter surplus.
5. the manufacture method of door module of integral vehicle main model checking fixture according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, Ageing Treatment among the above-mentioned steps d is the natrual ageing in thermostatic chamber, and the time of natrual ageing is 72 hours, and the temperature range of thermostatic chamber temperature is 20 to 25 degrees centigrade.
6. the manufacture method of door module of integral vehicle main model checking fixture according to claim 5, it is characterized in that, in above-mentioned steps e, carry out first the front machining benchmark platform finishing of fine finishining, remove again for lifting and the locating platform that supports, carry out fine finishining, when carrying out fine finishining, remove the machining benchmark platform machining benchmark is transformed on the measuring basis hole that workpiece itself is designed with, the controlled working amount finally keeps 0.3 millimeter surplus.
7. the manufacture method of door module of integral vehicle main model checking fixture according to claim 6, it is characterized in that, in above-mentioned steps g, if it is even to detect surplus among the step f, then the wherein one side of the semifinishing product of workpiece is carried out being refined to desired profile the second time, the locating platform that no longer keeps surplus and be used for lifting and support, and replace locating platform at the above-mentioned original position adhering resin material that has been removed for lifting and the locating platform that supports, the resin material of bonding is processed made it identical with the machining benchmark podium level; If it is inhomogeneous to detect surplus among the step f, then according to concrete error condition, 0.3 millimeter the surplus biasing allowance that utilizes reverse side to reserve carries out adequate compensation, carries out secondary fine processing again.
8. according to claim 1 to the manufacture method of 7 each described door module of integral vehicle main model checking fixtures, it is characterized in that the material that the aluminium alloy blank uses is 6 series alloys materials.
CN 201110070697 2011-03-23 2011-03-23 Manufacture method of door module of integral vehicle main model checking fixture CN102189388B (en)

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CN102699647B (en) * 2012-05-17 2014-07-16 宁波富信模胚有限公司 Method for processing bi-color mold blank
CN104374247B (en) * 2014-10-20 2017-02-15 湖南湖大艾盛汽车技术开发有限公司 Modularization detection device for automobile engine cover
CN107122525A (en) * 2017-03-31 2017-09-01 上汽通用五菱汽车股份有限公司 Inner plate of car door three-dimensional modeling method
CN107030458A (en) * 2017-06-02 2017-08-11 苏州市零点精密模具有限公司 A kind of processing method of shearing die
CN107414437A (en) * 2017-08-18 2017-12-01 苏州沃思诺自动化科技有限公司 A kind of folded loft cutting process method
CN110026739A (en) * 2019-04-16 2019-07-19 贵州航天风华精密设备有限公司 A kind of processing method of the aluminium alloy thin-walled discoid part of T4

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