CN102188776A - Accelerated particle irradiation equipment - Google Patents

Accelerated particle irradiation equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102188776A
CN102188776A CN 201010578447 CN201010578447A CN102188776A CN 102188776 A CN102188776 A CN 102188776A CN 201010578447 CN201010578447 CN 201010578447 CN 201010578447 A CN201010578447 A CN 201010578447A CN 102188776 A CN102188776 A CN 102188776A
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irradiation
particle
portion
plurality
accelerated
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CN 201010578447
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Chinese (zh)
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矢岛晓
立川敏树
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住友重机械工业株式会社
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61NELECTROTHERAPY; MAGNETOTHERAPY; RADIATION THERAPY; ULTRASOUND THERAPY
    • A61N5/00Radiation therapy
    • A61N5/10X-ray therapy; Gamma-ray therapy; Particle-irradiation therapy
    • A61N5/1077Beam delivery systems
    • A61N5/1081Rotating beam systems with a specific mechanical construction, e.g. gantries
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61NELECTROTHERAPY; MAGNETOTHERAPY; RADIATION THERAPY; ULTRASOUND THERAPY
    • A61N5/00Radiation therapy
    • A61N5/10X-ray therapy; Gamma-ray therapy; Particle-irradiation therapy
    • A61N5/1077Beam delivery systems
    • A61N5/1079Sharing a beam by multiple treatment stations
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61NELECTROTHERAPY; MAGNETOTHERAPY; RADIATION THERAPY; ULTRASOUND THERAPY
    • A61N5/00Radiation therapy
    • A61N5/10X-ray therapy; Gamma-ray therapy; Particle-irradiation therapy
    • A61N2005/1085X-ray therapy; Gamma-ray therapy; Particle-irradiation therapy characterised by the type of particles applied to the patient
    • A61N2005/1087Ions; Protons
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61NELECTROTHERAPY; MAGNETOTHERAPY; RADIATION THERAPY; ULTRASOUND THERAPY
    • A61N5/00Radiation therapy
    • A61N5/10X-ray therapy; Gamma-ray therapy; Particle-irradiation therapy
    • A61N2005/1092Details
    • A61N2005/1094Shielding, protecting against radiation

Abstract

The present invention relates to an accelerated particle irradiation equipment that effectively setting a particle accelerator and an irradiation device in the preset site. A rotary cyclotron (2) is arranged on the most lower layer of a housing (6A) formed by a multi-layer layered structure and a rotary bench (3) is arranged on the upper layer of the cyclotron (2). The cyclotron (2) and the rotary bench (3) are respectively arranged on different layers of the housing (6A), so as to reduce the site occupation area as much as possible and the cyclotron (2) and the rotary bench (3) are more easily and effectively set in the preset site.

Description

加速粒子照射设备 Accelerated particle irradiation equipment

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种放射线治疗用的具备旋转台架(gantry)等的照射装置的加速粒子照射设备。 [0001] The present invention relates to accelerated particle irradiation equipment includes a radiation irradiation apparatus rotating gantry (Gantry) with such treatment.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 公知有向患者照射质子束等加速粒子而进行癌治疗的设备。 [0002] There are known devices for treatment of cancer and the accelerated particle irradiation of a proton beam and other patients. 这种设备具备有:生成加速粒子的回旋加速器;从任意方向对患者照射加速粒子的旋转自如的照射装置(旋转台架);以及将由回旋加速器生成的加速粒子引导至照射装置的引导管路。 Such devices have provided: generating a cyclotron accelerated particles; arbitrary direction from the irradiation means for rotatably irradiating a patient with accelerated particles (rotating gantry); and the accelerated particles generated by the cyclotron irradiation line guided to the guide means. 在旋转台架设置有:患者躺卧的治疗台;照射部,朝向患者照射加速粒子;导入管路,将通过引导管路引导的加速粒子导入至照射部。 In the rotating gantry is provided with: a patient lies treatment table; irradiation portion, the irradiation with accelerated particles toward the patient; introducing pipe, introduced into the accelerated particles guided by the irradiation portion of the guide line.

[0003] 照射部成为相对于患者旋转自如的结构,并且在向照射部的加速粒子的导入管路的方式中公知有各种形态。 [0003] The irradiation unit is freely rotatable relative to the patient structure and in the manner of the introduction line to accelerated particle irradiation unit are known in various forms. 例如专利文献1所述的导入管路(束流输送设备7)首先具有连结部,其在照射部(照射装置8)的成为旋转中心的旋转轴线上连结于引导管路,另外,在穿过旋转轴线的平面上弯曲成大致U字形而连结于照射部。 For example, Patent Document 1 introduction line (beam delivery device 7) having a first connecting portion, in which the irradiation portion (irradiating means 8) becomes connected to the guide line on a rotation center axis, and the other, passing through the the bending axis of rotation on a plane substantially U-shaped and is connected to the irradiation unit. 并且,专利文献2所述的导入管路(delivery system 12)具有连结部,其在旋转轴线上连结于引导管路,另外,弯曲成向旋转轴线的周向侧扭曲而连结于照射部(nOZZle32)。 Further, in Patent Document 2, the introduction line (delivery system 12) having a connecting portion, which is connected to the guide on the rotation axis line, in addition, bent in the circumferential direction of the rotational axis of twisting laterally connected to the irradiation unit (nOZZle32 ).

[0004] 专利文献1 :日本特开2001-259058号公报 [0004] Patent Document 1: Japanese Laid-Open Patent Publication No. 2001-259058

[0005] 专利文献2 :美国专利第4917344号说明书 [0005] Patent Document 2: U.S. Patent No. 4,917,344 specification

[0006] 但是,以往的设备中通常将旋转台架等的照射装置和回旋加速器配置在相同的楼层(分层),因此导致设施的大型化而需要较宽的场地面积,从而难以设置在市区等。 [0006] However, the conventional apparatus normally rotating gantry irradiation apparatus and the like arranged on the same floor cyclotron (layering), thus resulting in the size of facilities needed to wider the area, making it difficult provided City areas.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0007] 本发明以解决以上课题为目的,提供一种能够在规定的场地有效地设置粒子加速器和照射装置的加速粒子照射设备。 [0007] The present invention to solve the above problems for the purpose, which can effectively provide accelerated particle irradiation equipment provided the particle accelerator and the irradiation device at a predetermined site.

[0008] 本发明的加速粒子照射设备设置于由多层的分层结构构成的建筑物,其特征在于,具备:粒子加速器,生成加速粒子;照射装置,照射由粒子加速器生成的加速粒子,并且设置于比设置有粒子加速器的分层更上侧的分层及更下侧的分层中的至少一个。 [0008] The accelerated particle irradiation equipment according to the present invention is arranged in a hierarchical structure consisting of a multilayer structure, characterized by comprising: a particle accelerator generates accelerated particles; irradiation apparatus, the irradiation by the particle accelerator generates accelerated particles, and stratification than provided in the particle accelerator is provided on a more and more the lower side of the layered hierarchical least one side.

[0009] 根据本发明,由于将粒子加速器和照射装置分别设置于建筑物的不同分层,所以根据场地面积,例如也能够在粒子加速器的正上方设置照射装置而尽量减少场地占有面积,其结果,容易在规定的场地有效率地设置粒子加速器和照射装置。 [0009] According to the present invention, since the particle accelerator and the irradiation device are installed on different floors of the building, so in accordance with the area, for example, can be disposed immediately above the particle accelerator and the irradiation device to minimize the area occupied by the equipment, as a result easily disposed at a predetermined site particle accelerator and an irradiation apparatus efficiently.

[0010] 另外,优选将粒子加速器设置于建筑物的最下层。 [0010] Further, the particle accelerator is preferably disposed on the lowermost building. 在该结构中,增设照射装置等时,无需移动设置粒子加速器,例如能够在已设置的照射装置的上侧的层适宜地设置照射装置,所以容易增设照射装置。 In this structure, when the additional irradiation apparatus or the like, without moving the particle accelerator is provided, for example, can be suitably irradiating means disposed on the side of the layer of the irradiation device have been provided, it is easy to increase the illumination means.

[0011] 另外,照射装置具有:旋转部,能够围绕旋转轴线旋转;照射部,能够朝向照射目标地照射由粒子加速器生成的加速粒子,并且照射方向随着旋转部的旋转而变化,优选照射装置为薄型结构,其旋转轴线方向的长度短于与旋转轴线正交的方向上的最大宽度。 [0011] Further, the irradiation device includes: a rotary portion rotatable about a rotation axis; irradiating portion, the particles can be accelerated toward the irradiation target is irradiated generated by the particle accelerator and the irradiation direction of rotation of the rotating portion is changed, the irradiation apparatus preferably a thin structure, the length of the rotational axis direction is shorter than a maximum width in a direction orthogonal to the rotation axis. through

3过设为薄型的照射装置,对设施的小型化有效,容易在规定的场地有效地设置粒子加速器和照射装置。 Set 3 had a thin illumination device, the size of the facility effective, easy to efficiently install the particle accelerator and the irradiation device at a predetermined site.

[0012] 并且,优选具备多个照射装置且多个照射装置分别设置于建筑物的不同分层。 [0012] It is preferable that the irradiation means includes a plurality of different floors and a plurality of irradiation devices are disposed in a building. 即使当需要设置多个照射装置时,也可以根据场地面积向上下方向排列设置多个照射装置, 所以容易在规定的场地有效地设置多个照射装置。 Even when a plurality of irradiation devices needs to be set may be provided a plurality of irradiation devices arranged in the vertical direction in accordance with the area, it is easy to efficiently install the plurality of irradiation devices at a predetermined site.

[0013] 并且,还具备引导管路,其连接于多个照射装置及粒子加速器,并且将由粒子加速器生成的加速粒子引导至多个照射装置的每一个,引导管路具有:取出路径,连接于粒子加速器;多个分支路径,从取出路径分支而连接于各照射装置,优选将取出路径和分支路径配置于相同的虚拟平面上。 [0013] and further comprising a guide line that is connected to a plurality of irradiation devices and the particle accelerator, the particle accelerator and by accelerated particles generated directed to each of the plurality of illumination devices, the guide conduit having: take-off path is connected to the particle accelerator; a plurality of branched paths branched from the take-off path is connected to the respective irradiating means, preferably the take-off path and the branched paths are disposed on the same virtual plane. 由粒子加速器生成的加速粒子被引导至引导管路而导入各照射装置。 Generated by the particle accelerator to accelerate the particles are guided to the guide conduit and into each illumination device. 加速粒子描绘沿引导管路的规定轨道,但是为了到达多个照射装置的每一个,需要以各分支路径来描绘规定的曲线轨道。 Accelerated particles along the guide line drawing a predetermined track, but in order to reach each of the plurality of illumination devices, the need for each branch path is depicted a predetermined curved track. 在此,如果是在二维相同的虚拟平面上,则容易保持加速粒子的轨道的对称性,但如果发生三维偏离,则难以进行用于保持加速粒子的轨道的对称性的调整。 Here, if it is two-dimensionally on the same virtual plane, it is easy to maintain the symmetry of the track of the accelerated particles, but if the three-dimensional deviation occurs, it is difficult to adjust the symmetry of the accelerated particles for maintaining the track. 在上述结构中,由于取出路径和多个分支路径是在相同的虚拟平面上,所以容易保持加速粒子的轨道的对称性,并且对提高照射精度有效。 In the above structure, since the take-off path and the plurality of branch paths are on the same virtual plane, it is easy to maintain the symmetry of the track of the accelerated particles, and is effective in improving the accuracy of irradiation.

[0014] 并且,具备多个照射装置,优选多个照射装置在水平方向上偏离而设置。 [0014] Further, the illumination apparatus includes a plurality of, preferably a plurality of irradiation devices arranged offset from the horizontal direction. 在该结构中,由于不是在一个照射装置的正上方设置其他照射装置,而是能够在水平方向上错开而设置,所以例如可以实现避开一个照射装置的成为高度最高的部分地设置其他照射装置的结构,容易压缩建筑物的高度。 In this structure, since it is not directly above the other is provided an irradiation device irradiating means, but can be shifted in a horizontal direction, for example, may be implemented to avoid irradiating device becomes a height of the highest portion of the other irradiation device is provided the structure, easily compressed height of the building.

[0015] 并且,可以具备多个照射装置,且多个照射装置设置于相同的分层。 [0015] Further, the plurality of irradiation devices may be provided, and the plurality of illumination devices provided on the same hierarchical. 根据该结构, 对建筑物的高度不设太高的情况等有效。 According to this configuration, the height of the building like the case where no high efficiently.

[0016] 并且,优选具备多个照射装置,多个照射装置中的一部分为旋转型照射装置,该旋转型照射装置具有:旋转部,能够围绕旋转轴线旋转,和能够朝向照射目标照射由粒子加速器生成的加速粒子并且照射方向随着旋转部的旋转而变化,多个照射装置中的另一部分为具有照射方向固定的照射部的固定型照射装置。 [0016] and, preferably includes a plurality of irradiation devices, a portion of the plurality of irradiation devices is rotary irradiation device, the rotary irradiation device comprising: a rotating portion can be rotated about an axis of rotation, and can be moved toward the target irradiation by the particle accelerator and irradiating accelerated particles generated with the rotation of the rotating portion of the direction is changed, another portion of the plurality of illumination means is fixed stationary irradiation device having an irradiation direction of the irradiating portion. 可以分别使用旋转型照射装置和固定型照射装置,有效地对患者适当的照射加速粒子。 It may be used separately rotary irradiation device and the stationary irradiation device to the patient an appropriate effective irradiation of accelerated particles.

[0017] 发明效果 [0017] Effect of the Invention

[0018] 根据本发明,能够在规定的场地有效率地设置粒子加速器和照射装置。 [0018] According to the present invention, the particle accelerator and an irradiation device provided efficiently at a predetermined site. 附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0019] 图1是本发明的第1实施方式所涉及的粒子束治疗设备的侧剖视图。 [0019] FIG. 1 is a side cross-sectional view of particle radiation therapy equipment according to the first embodiment of the present invention.

[0020] 图2是放大表示台架室的侧剖视图。 [0020] FIG. 2 is an enlarged side sectional view of the gantry chamber of FIG.

[0021] 图3是表示本实施方式所涉及的旋转台架的立体图。 [0021] FIG. 3 is a perspective view of the embodiment of the rotating gantry.

[0022] 图4是表示沿旋转轴线截断本实施方式所涉及的旋转台架的状态的简要剖视图。 [0022] FIG. 4 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the present embodiment is the rotating gantry along the axis of the rotary cutter.

[0023] 图5是表示房屋的地上1层部分的粒子束治疗设备的配置图。 [0023] FIG 5 is a configuration diagram showing 1st floor portion of the particle radiation therapy equipment housing.

[0024] 图6是表示沿图5的VI-VI线截断房屋的状态的简要剖视图。 [0024] FIG. 6 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the housing taken along line VI-VI in FIG. 5 truncated.

[0025] 图7是表示沿图5的VII-VII线截断房屋的状态的简要剖视图。 [0025] FIG. 7 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the housing taken along line VII-VII in FIG. 5 truncated.

[0026] 图8是表示房屋的地下1层部分的粒子束治疗设备的配置图。 [0026] FIG. 8 is a configuration diagram showing an underground housing portion of the particle radiation therapy equipment 1 of the layer.

[0027] 图9是本发明的第2实施方式所涉及的粒子束治疗设备的侧剖视图。 [0027] FIG. 9 is a side cross-sectional view of particle radiation therapy equipment in the second embodiment of the present invention.

[0028] 图10是从沿旋转台架的旋转轴线的方向观察第2实施方式所涉及的粒子束治疗设备的侧剖视图。 [0028] FIG. 10 is a side cross-sectional view of particle radiation therapy equipment in the second embodiment as viewed from a direction along the rotation axis of the rotating gantry.

[0029] 图11是从与旋转台架的旋转轴线正交的方向观察第2实施方式所涉及的粒子束治疗设备的侧剖视图。 [0029] FIG. 11 is a side of particle radiation therapy equipment according to the second embodiment cross-sectional view viewed from a direction of an axis of rotation perpendicular to the rotating gantry.

[0030] 图12是本发明的第3实施方式所涉及的粒子束治疗设备的侧剖视图。 [0030] FIG. 12 is a side cross-sectional view of particle radiation therapy equipment according to a third embodiment of the present invention.

[0031] 图13是从沿旋转台架的旋转轴线的方向观察第3实施方式所涉及的粒子束治疗设备的侧剖视图。 [0031] FIG. 13 is a side particle radiation therapy equipment according to a third embodiment of a sectional view viewed from a direction along the axis of rotation of the rotating gantry.

[0032] 图14是从与旋转台架的旋转轴线正交的方向观察第3实施方式所涉及的粒子束治疗设备的侧剖视图。 [0032] FIG. 14 is a side cross-sectional view of particle radiation therapy equipment according to a third embodiment viewed from the direction of the axis of rotation perpendicular to the rotating gantry.

[0033] 图15是本发明的第4实施方式所涉及的粒子束治疗设备的侧剖视图。 [0033] FIG. 15 is a side cross-sectional view of particle radiation therapy equipment according to a fourth embodiment of the present invention.

[0034] 图16是表示沿图15的XVI-XVI线截断建筑物的状态的剖视图。 [0034] FIG. 16 is a cross-sectional view of a building along line XVI-XVI in FIG. 15 truncation.

[0035] 图17是本发明的第5实施方式所涉及的粒子束治疗设备的侧剖视图。 [0035] FIG. 17 is a side cross-sectional view of particle radiation therapy equipment according to a fifth embodiment of the present invention.

[0036] 图18是本发明的第6实施方式所涉及的粒子束治疗设备的侧剖视图。 [0036] FIG. 18 is a side cross-sectional view of particle radiation therapy equipment according to a sixth embodiment of the present invention.

[0037] 图19是表示沿图18的XIX-XIX线截断建筑物的状态的剖视图。 [0037] FIG. 19 is a cross-sectional view of a building taken along line XIX-XIX of FIG. 18 cut.

[0038] 图20是表示沿图19的XX-XX线截断建筑物的状态的剖视图。 [0038] FIG. 20 is a cross-sectional view of a building taken along line XX-XX 19 truncation.

[0039] 图21是本发明的第7实施方式所涉及的粒子束治疗设备的侧剖视图。 [0039] FIG. 21 is a side cross-sectional view of particle radiation therapy equipment according to a seventh embodiment of the present invention.

[0040] 图22是表示沿图21的XXII-XXII线截断建筑物的状态的剖视图。 [0040] FIG. 22 is a cross-sectional view taken along the building line XXII-XXII in FIG. 21 truncation.

[0041] 图23是表示沿图22的XXIII-XXIII线截断建筑物的状态的剖视图。 [0041] FIG. 23 is a cross-sectional view of a building taken along line XXIII-XXIII 22 truncation.

[0042] 图中:1A、1B、1C、1D、1E、1F、1G_粒子束治疗设备(加速粒子照射设备),2_回旋加速器(粒子加速器),3、7、8_旋转台架(旋转型照射装置),4、10、13、16、18-引导管路, 6A、6B、6C、6D、6E、6F、6G-房屋,IOa-取出路径,10b、13b、16b、18b_ 第1 分支路径,10c、13c、 16c、18c-第2分支路径,12-固定型照射装置,12a-固定型照射装置的照射部,30-旋转部, 32-旋转台架的照射部,P-旋转轴线,PL-虚拟平面,ΓιΧ2-旋转台架的最大宽度,L1-旋转台架的旋转轴线方向的长度。 [0042] FIG: 1A, 1B, 1C, 1D, 1E, 1F, 1G_ particle radiation therapy equipment (accelerated particle irradiation equipment), 2_ cyclotron (particle accelerator), 3,7,8_ rotating gantry ( rotary irradiation means), 4,10,13,16,18- guide line, 6A, 6B, 6C, 6D, 6E, 6F, 6G- housing, IOa- path taken, 10b, 13b, 16b, 18b_ 1 branch path, 10c, 13c, 16c, 18c- second branch path, 12- stationary irradiation device, irradiation portion 12a- stationary irradiation device, the rotating portion 30-, 32- irradiating portion of the rotating gantry, P- rotation axis, a virtual plane PL-maximum width ΓιΧ2- rotating gantry, the longitudinal direction of the rotational axis of the rotating gantry L1-.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0043] 以下,参照附图对本发明所涉及的加速粒子照射设备的优选实施方式进行说明。 [0043] Hereinafter, with reference to the accompanying drawings of preferred embodiments of the accelerated particle irradiation equipment according to the present invention will be described. 在本实施方式中,对将加速粒子照射设备作为粒子束治疗设备的情况进行说明。 In the present embodiment, the case where accelerated particle irradiation equipment is used as particle radiation therapy equipment will be described. 粒子束治疗设备为例如应用于癌治疗的设备,并且为对患者体内的肿瘤(照射目标)照射质子束(加速粒子)的装置。 For example, particle radiation therapy equipment is applied to cancer treatment device, and the tumor in the patient (irradiation target) irradiated with a proton beam (accelerated particles) of the apparatus.

[0044] 如图1所示,粒子束治疗设备IA具备:回旋加速器(粒子加速器)2,生成质子束; 旋转自如的旋转台架(照射装置)3,从任意方向对患者照射质子束;引导管路4,将由回旋加速器2生成的质子束引导至旋转台架3。 [0044] 1, the particle radiation therapy equipment IA includes: a cyclotron (particle accelerator) 2, to generate a proton beam; rotatably rotating gantry (irradiation device) 3, an arbitrary direction from the irradiation of a proton beam to a patient; boot line 4, generated by the cyclotron 2 proton beam guided to the rotating gantry 3. 并且,粒子束治疗设备IA的各器械设置于由多层的分层结构构成的房屋(建筑物)6Α的各房间。 Further, each of the particle beam treatment apparatus is provided in the IA apparatus housing (building) each room 6Α made of multi-layered hierarchical structure.

[0045] 由回旋加速器2生成的质子束穿过由引导管路4形成的轨道而被引导至旋转台架3。 [0045] through the proton beam generated by the cyclotron 2 is formed by the guide rail line 4 is guided to the rotating gantry 3. 在引导管路4设置有用于收敛质子束的四极电磁铁41 (参照图7)及用于形成规定轨道的偏转电磁铁42。 A predetermined track formed in the guide line 4 is provided with a quadrupole magnet for convergence of the proton beam 41 (see FIG. 7), and a deflection electromagnet 42.

[0046] 回旋加速器2具备:真空箱21,其在内部使离子加速;及离子源22,其向真空箱21 内供给离子。 [0046] The cyclotron 2 includes: a vacuum box 21 that accelerates ions therein; and an ion source 22 that supplies ions into the vacuum tank 21. 真空箱21与引导管路4联接。 Vacuum box 21 with the guide line 4 is coupled.

[0047] 如图2〜图4所示,旋转台架3具备:患者躺卧的治疗台31 (参照图3);旋转部30,设置成围绕治疗台31 ;照射部32,配置于旋转部30的内侧并朝向治疗台31上的患者照射质子束;及导入管路33,将通过引导管路5引导的质子束导入至照射部32。 [0047] FIG. 2 ~ 4, the rotating gantry 3 includes: (see FIG. 3) patient lies treatment table 31; rotating portion 30, is provided to surround the treatment table 31; irradiation section 32 is disposed on the rotating portion 30 and towards the inner side of a proton beam irradiation treatment of the patient on the table 31; and the introduction line 33, introduced into the beam irradiated by the guide portion 32 of the guide line 5 protons. 旋转台架3通过未图示的电动机而被旋转驱动,并且通过未图示的制动装置停止旋转。 Rotating gantry 3 is rotationally driven by a motor (not shown), and stops the rotation of the braking device (not shown). 另外,在以下的说明中,旋转台架3的正面是指设置有治疗台31且以可以使患者出入的方式开放旋转部30的一侧的侧面,背面是指其背面侧的侧面。 In the following description, the front face 3 of the rotating gantry means 31 is provided with a treatment table and the patient to be out of the way of the open side surface of the rotating portion 30, the rear surface refers to the side of the back surface side thereof.

[0048] 旋转部30旋转自如,从正面侧依次具备第1圆筒部34、圆锥部35、第2圆筒部36。 [0048] The rotating portion 30 rotatably, from the front side, includes a first cylindrical portion 34, the conical portion 35, the second cylindrical portion 36. 第1圆筒部;34、圆锥部35及第2圆筒部36共轴地配置且相互固定。 First cylindrical portion; 34, the cylindrical portion 35 and the second conical portion 36 are coaxially disposed and fixed to each other. 照射部32配置于第1 圆筒部34的内面,并朝向第1圆筒部34的轴心方向。 Irradiating portion 32 disposed on the inner surface of the first cylindrical portion 34, and the axial direction toward the first cylindrical portion 34. 第1圆筒部34的轴心(旋转轴线) P附近配置有治疗台31。 The axis of the first cylindrical portion 34 (the rotation axis) P with a treatment table 31 disposed in the vicinity. 第2圆筒部36的直径设置为小于第1圆筒部34的直径,圆锥部35以连结第1圆筒部34及第2圆筒部36的方式形成为圆锥形状。 Diameter of the second cylindrical portion 36 is smaller than the diameter of the conical portion 34 of the first cylindrical portion 34 of the second embodiment 35 of the cylindrical portion 36 connecting the first cylindrical portion is formed in a conical shape.

[0049] 在第1圆筒部34的前端外周部设置有前环39a,在第1圆筒部34的后端外周部设置有后环39b。 [0049] disposed at a front end portion of the outer periphery of the first cylindrical portion 34 of the front ring 39a, provided at the outer periphery of the rear end portion of the first cylindrical portion 34 of a rear ring 39b. 第1圆筒部34通过配置于第1圆筒部34下方的辊装置40 (参照图幻而可旋转地被支承。前环39a及后环39b的外周面与辊装置40抵接,并通过辊装置40而被施加旋转力。 The first cylindrical portion 34 is supported rotatably disposed through 40 (see FIG phantom roller means located below the first cylindrical portion 34 of the front and rear rings 39a and 39b of the outer circumferential surface of the roller 40 comes into contact, and by roller means 40 is applied rotational force.

[0050] 导入管路33在旋转台架3的背面侧连结于引导管路4。 [0050] The introduction line 33 on the back surface side of the rotating gantry 3 is connected to the guide line 4. 导入管路33具备2套45度的偏转电磁铁,并且具备2套135度的偏转电磁铁。 Introduction line 33 includes two sets of deflection electromagnets 45 degrees, and includes two sets of deflecting electromagnets 135 degrees. 导入管路33具有:径向导入管路33a,其与引导管路4联接并向径向延伸;及周向导入管路33b,连接于该径向导入管路33a 的后段,并在周向上延伸。 Introduction line 33 includes: a radial introduction line 33a, which is coupled with the guide line 4 and extends in the radial direction; and a circumferential introduction line 33b, is connected to the rear section of the radial introduction line 33a and extends in the circumferential direction. 另外,导入管路33上沿质子束的轨道设置有束流输送管(省略图示)。 Further, the proton beam in the introduction line 33 is provided with a rail beam delivery tube (not shown).

[0051] 径向导入管路33a为如下路径部分,即从在第2圆筒部36内的旋转轴线P上与引导管路4联接的起始端部开始而相对于旋转轴线P弯曲90度(45度X2次)并向径向延伸,终端部向第1圆筒部34的外部突出。 [0051] The radial introduction line 33a is a path portion below, i.e. from the rotation axis P in the second cylindrical portion 36 of the guide conduit coupling the starting end portion 4 relative to the start of the rotation axis P is bent 90 degrees (45 X2 of times) and a radially extending terminal portion projecting to the outside of the first cylindrical portion 34. 并且,周向导入管路3¾为如下路径部分,即从与径向导入管路33a的终端部联接的起始端部开始向旋转部30的周向弯曲135度而延伸,另外,朝向径向内侧弯曲135度而终端部与照射部32联接。 And, following the path of the circumferential introduction line portion 3¾, i.e. the start end portion of the coupling portion from the terminal to the radial introduction line 33a and extends in the circumferential starts rotating portion 30 is bent 135 degrees, Further, 135 is bent radially inward and the terminal portion of the irradiation portion 32 is coupled.

[0052] 周向导入管路3¾在从第1圆筒部34的外周面向外方离间的位置沿周向配置,并通过架台37支承。 [0052] 3¾ circumferential introduction line at a position from an outer circumferential cylindrical portion 34 of the first outwardly facing divisive configuration to the circumferential direction, and supported by the gantry 37. 架台37形成为从第1圆筒部34的外周面向径向外侧突出。 The gantry 37 is formed radially outward from the outer periphery of the first cylindrical portion 34 protrudes.

[0053] 平衡锤(力々> 夕々工〗卜)38夹着旋转轴线P而相对于周向导入管路33b及架台37对置配置。 [0053] The balance weight (force 々> Xi 々 work〗 Bu) 38 sandwiching the rotation axis P with respect to the 37 pairs of oppositely disposed circumferential introduction line 33b and the gantry. 平衡锤38固定于第1圆筒部34的外周面,并且设置成向径向外侧突出。 Counter weight 38 is fixed to the outer circumferential surface of the first cylindrical portion 34, and is provided so as to protrude radially outward. 通过设置平衡锤38,可确保与导入管路33及架台37之间的重量平衡。 By providing the balance weight 38, the introduction line 33 to ensure a balance between the weight 37 and the gantry. 并且,若从旋转轴线P至平衡锤38的外缘的长度短于从旋转轴线P至导入管路33的外缘的长度,则能够使房屋6A小型化。 Then, when the length from the rotational axis P to the outer edge of the counter weight 38 is shorter than the length from the rotational axis P to the outer edge of the introduction line 33, it is possible to make the size of the building 6A.

[0054] 并且,本实施方式的旋转台架3形成为沿旋转轴线P的前后方向的长度L1短于旋转部30的最大外径(最大宽度)的薄型结构。 [0054] Further, the rotating gantry 3 of this embodiment is formed as a longitudinal length along the rotation axis P is L1 shorter than the maximum outer diameter (maximum width) of the rotating portion 30 of the thin structure. 前后方向的长度L1是指例如从第1圆筒部34的前端开始至第2圆筒部36的后端为止的长度Lp旋转部30的最大外径是指与旋转轴线P正交的方向的最大外径,并且为与从旋转轴线P开始至周向导入管路33b的外缘为止的长度。 Front-rear direction of the length L1 is, for example starting from the distal end of the first cylindrical portion 34 to a maximum outer diameter of the length Lp of rotation until the rear end portion of the cylindrical portion 36 of the second 30 refers to the direction perpendicular to the axis of rotation P maximum outer diameter, and with the rotation axis P from the start until the length of the outer edge of the circumferential introduction line 33b is. 所对应的部分(最大外径=半径riX2)。 The corresponding part (maximum outer diameter = radius riX2). 另外,也可以是与从旋转轴线P开始至平衡锤38的外缘为止的长度所对应的部分成为最大外径的结构。 Further, the portion may be the rotation axis P from the start until the length of the outer edge of the counter weight 38 has a structure corresponding to the maximum outer diameter.

[0055] 引导管路4 (参照图1及图7)具备下述等:束流输送管(省略图示),其使质子束穿过;多个四极电磁铁41,使质子束收敛而调整质子束的形状;多个偏转电磁铁42,用于形成质子束的弯曲轨道而配置。 [0055] The guide line 4 (see FIG. 1 and FIG. 7) and the like comprising the following: a beam transport pipe (not shown), through which a proton beam; a plurality of quadrupole electromagnet 41, so that the proton beam converged adjust the shape of the proton beam; a plurality of deflection electromagnets 42 for forming the curved track of the proton beam is disposed.

[0056] 接着,参照图1及图5〜图8,对房屋6A及房屋6A内的粒子束治疗设备IA的各器械的配置进行说明。 [0056] Next, with reference to FIG. 1 and FIG -5 to FIG. 8, the configuration of the particle radiation therapy equipment in the house building 6A and 6A each device IA will be described. 房屋6A例如为钢筋混凝土制造、钢梁混凝土制造的建筑物,通过混凝土制放射线屏蔽壁划分各房间。 Housing 6A manufactured by, for example, reinforced concrete, concrete steel beam structures, each of the rooms divided by walls made of concrete shielding radiation. 并且,房屋6A具备:主建筑物部(建筑物)61,其设置有构成粒子束治疗设备IA的主要部分的回旋加速器2、旋转台架3及引导管路4;副建筑物部62,其设置有配置有电源设备及其它设备的各室、用于接纳患者的房间等。 Further, the building 6A includes: a main building portion (building) 61, which is provided with a main portion constituting the cyclotron particle radiation therapy equipment IA, 2, the rotating gantry 3 and the guide line 4; sub-building portion 62, which each chamber is provided with a power supply apparatus is arranged and other equipment, and the like for receiving the patient's room. 副建筑物部62 由地下3层及地上1层的分层结构构成,地下3层部分设置有冷却装置室R3,地下2层部分设置有电源室R4等。 Sub-building portion 62 is constituted by a hierarchical structure of the ground layer, and 3 a ground layer, the ground layer portion 3 is provided with a cooling device chamber R3, a two-layer ground portion is provided with a power source chamber R4 and the like. 并且,地下1层部分设置有放射性物质保管室R5、职工室R6等,地上1层部分设置有治疗操作室R7、接待室R8、衣物间R9、卫生间R10、患者候诊室R11、用于进入台架室R2的通道R12等。 Further, the ground portion 1 is provided with a layer of radioactive material storage chamber R5, R6 staff room and the like, on the ground floor portion 1 is provided with a treatment control room R7, reception R8, among the laundry R9, toilet R10, a patient waiting room R11, for entering station R2 gantry chamber R12 and the like of the channel.

[0057] 主建筑物部61由地下1层及地上1层的分层结构构成,设置于地下1层部分(最下层)的回旋加速器室(加速器室)Rl内设置有回旋加速器2,在地上1层部分,设置于回旋加速器室Rl正上方的台架室(照射装置室)R2内设置有旋转台架3。 [0057] The main building portion 61 is constituted by the ground layer and the layered structure 1 on the ground layer 1, it is provided in the inner portion (lowermost) layer 1 underground cyclotron chamber (accelerator chamber) Rl 2 is provided with a cyclotron, ground a layer portion disposed in the cyclotron chamber Rl positive rotating gantry 3 is provided above the gantry chamber (irradiation device chamber) R2. 并且,主建筑物部61内设置有配置有联接回旋加速器2和旋转台架3的引导管路4的联接通道9。 And, the main building portion 61 is provided with a coupling arranged cyclotron 2 and the rotating gantry 3 of the guide pipe 9 is coupled to channel 4.

[0058] 回旋加速器室Rl在俯视时大致成矩形,由(放射线)屏蔽壁71 (参照图8)包围。 [0058] Rl cyclotron chamber substantially rectangular in plan view, by a (radiation) shield wall 71 (see FIG. 8) surrounds. 回旋加速器2配置于回旋加速器室Rl的正面侧(图8中所示的上侧),由回旋加速器2生成的质子束从回旋加速器2的背面侧导出。 The cyclotron 2 is disposed on a front side of the cyclotron chamber Rl (upper side shown in FIG. 8), generated by the cyclotron 2 proton beam derived from the back side of the cyclotron 2. 并且,回旋加速器室Rl的背面侧连结有沿上下方向形成的联接通道9。 Further, the back surface side of the cyclotron chamber Rl is connected to a coupling passage 9 formed in the vertical direction. 联接通道9沿上下方向(铅垂方向)延伸,与台架室R2的背面侧(图5中所示的下侧)联接。 Channel 9 is coupled in the vertical direction (vertical direction), and the back side of the gantry chamber R2 (the lower side shown in FIG. 5) is coupled.

[0059] 引导管路4(参照图7)与回旋加速器2的真空箱21联接而向水平方向延伸,并且朝向铅垂上方弯曲大致90度而穿过联接通道9内,再次朝向水平方向弯曲大致90度而与旋转台架3联接。 [0059] The guide line 4 (see FIG. 7) of extending connection box 21 of the cyclotron 2, the vacuum in the horizontal direction, and is bent substantially vertically upward through the coupling channel 90 and 9, bent again substantially horizontal direction 90 degrees 3 is coupled with the rotating gantry. 引导管路4的直线部分配置有多个四极电磁铁41,弯曲部分配置有2套使路径仅变更45度左右的旋转角度的偏转电磁铁42,从而实现合计弯曲大致90度。 The linear portion of the guide line 4 is disposed with a plurality of quadrupole electromagnet 41, the bent portion 2 is arranged so that sets path changing only the rotational angle of the deflection electromagnet 42 of about 45 degrees, thereby achieving a total bend substantially 90 degrees. 并且, 引导管路4 二维地即在沿上下方向(铅垂方向)延伸的虚拟平面PL上配置。 Further, the guide line 4 that is two-dimensionally arranged on a virtual plane PL in the vertical direction (vertical direction) extends. 其结果,能够减少用于使被导引至引导管路4的质子束收敛及转弯的四极电磁铁41及偏转电磁铁42的个数。 As a result, it is possible to reduce the proton beam guided by the guide line 4 and the convergence turning quadrupole magnet 41 and the number of the deflection electromagnet 42.

[0060] 台架室R2设置于回旋加速器室Rl的正上方。 [0060] The gantry chamber R2 is provided directly above the cyclotron chamber Rl. 台架室R2在俯视时大致成矩形,由放射线屏蔽壁81划分。 Gantry chamber R2 is substantially rectangular in plan view, the wall 81 is partitioned by radiation shield. 台架室R2内设置有患者出入的入口床板部87a、和更加低于入口床板部87a的低床板部87c。 The gantry chamber R2 is provided with an inlet portion 87a of patients out of the deck, and more low-floor portion 87c is lower than the entrance floor portion 87a. 旋转台架3将治疗台31朝向入口床板部87a侧而设置于低床板部87c,并成为患者容易到达至治疗台31的结构。 The rotating gantry 3 treatment table 31 toward the side of the entrance floor portion 87a provided on the low deck portion 87c, and become easy reach of the patient to the treatment table 31 structure. 并且,台架室R2的入口床板部87a侧的墙壁上形成有与迷宫结构的通道R12联接的出入口。 Further, the entrance channel is formed and R12 are coupled to a labyrinth structure on the walls of the entrance floor portion 87a side of the gantry chamber R2.

[0061] 旋转台架3的最大宽度的部分以沿着台架室R2中的旋转台架3的设置空间的最大宽度的方式而配置。 [0061] The portion of the maximum width of the rotating gantry 3 in the gantry chamber R2 manner along the installation space of the rotating gantry 3 is disposed maximum width. 具体而言,旋转台架3沿大致矩形状的台架室R2的对角线而配置, 为了有效利用台架室R2内的空间而进行了研究。 Specifically, 3 along a substantially diagonal line of rectangular shaped rotating gantry in the gantry chamber R2 arranged, in order to effectively utilize the space in the gantry chamber R2 and studied.

[0062] 如图1、图2、图6及图7所示,主建筑物部61的天花板86形成有开口92,该开口92避免与旋转台架3的旋转部30的干扰并且成为搬入部件的搬入口。 [0062] As shown in FIG 1, FIG 2, FIG. 6 and FIG. 7, the ceiling 86 of the main building portion 61 interfere with the rotating portion 30 has an opening 92, the opening 92 and prevent the rotating gantry 3 and carrying member becomes carrying entrance. 该开口92通过与天花板86不同材料的屏蔽部件93而从台架室R2(主建筑物部61)的外方被包覆。 The opening 92 through the shielding member 86 and the ceiling 93 of different materials are coated from the outside of the gantry chamber R2 (the main building portion 61). 屏蔽部件93例如通过层压多张铅制屏蔽板93a而形成。 For example, the shield member 93 is formed by laminating a plurality of shield plates made of lead 93a. 另外,作为屏蔽部件93,也可层压与天花板86相同材料的混凝土制屏蔽板。 Further, the shielding member 93, shielding plates made of concrete may be the same laminate material 86 with the ceiling. 并且,例如也可以不是板状,而是块体的屏蔽部件。 And, for example, it may not be a plate, but the shield member of the block. [0063] 并且,屏蔽部件93作为不同材料也可以应用重混凝土制材料。 [0063] Further, the shielding member 93 may be applied as separate materials made of heavy concrete material. 重混凝土制屏蔽部件93与一般的混凝土制的屏蔽部件93相比价格较高,但具有较高的放射线屏蔽性。 The shield member made of heavy concrete shield member 93 made of general concrete 93 higher compared to the price, but has high radiation shielding properties. 例如, 使用重混凝土制屏蔽部件时,与使用了一般的混凝土制屏蔽部件时相比,能够设为大约2/3 的厚度。 For example, when the shield member made of heavy concrete, when compared with the use of the shield member made of general concrete, can be set to a thickness of about 2/3. 并且,通过使用被模块化为板状部件的屏蔽部件93,从而能够容易进行施工。 Further, by using the shield member is modularized as a plate-shaped member 93, it is possible to easily perform construction.

[0064] 本实施方式所涉及的粒子束治疗设备IA中,将回旋加速器2和旋转台架3分别设置在房屋6A的不同分层,尤其将旋转台架3设置在回旋加速器2的正上方,所以能够根据场地面积尽量减少场地占有面积,其结果,容易在规定的场地有效地设置回旋加速器2和旋转台架3。 [0064] IA particle radiation therapy equipment according to the present embodiment, the cyclotron 2 and the rotating gantry 3 are disposed at different floors of the building 6A, particularly the rotating gantry 3 is disposed immediately above the cyclotron 2, it is possible to minimize the installation area according to the area occupied, as a result, easy to efficiently install the cyclotron 2 and the rotating gantry 3 at a predetermined site.

[0065] 另外,在本实施方式中,仅在地上1层部分设置了一台旋转台架3,但是即使增设旋转台架3时,由于回旋加速器2设置于房屋6A的最下层,所以也无需移动设置回旋加速器2,而是在比已设置有旋转台架3的地上1层部分更上侧设置2层或3层,可以在这种上侧的分层适宜地设置旋转台架3,所以容易增设旋转台架3。 [0065] Further, in the present embodiment, only a part of the ground layer is provided with a rotating gantry 3, but even when additional 3 gantry rotation, since the cyclotron 2 is installed on the lowermost building 6A, so there is no need mobile cyclotron 2 is provided, but have been provided with a rotating gantry 1 than the ground layer part 3 is further provided on the side of two layers or three layers may be layered on the upper side of such suitably arranged rotating gantry 3, so easy to increase the rotating gantry 3. 另外,还预想以后的增设,例如在地下3层设置回旋加速器室R1,在地下2层设置台架室R2,另一方面,空出地下1层部分,在增设时,如果要在该地下1层部分设置新的台架室R2而设置旋转台架3,则可降低作为重量物的旋转台架3的搬入及设置工作的负担。 Further, after adding also envisioned, for example, is provided at the -3 cyclotron chamber R1, the ground layer 2 is provided gantry chamber R2, on the other hand, the first basement space, while adding, if the ground 1 layer portion to set a new gantry chamber R2 and the rotating gantry 3 is provided, the burden can be reduced as the rotating gantry and the loading weight of the composition of the work 3 is provided.

[0066] 并且,本实施方式所涉及的照射装置的旋转台架3为如下结构,其具有:旋转部30,能够围绕旋转轴线P旋转:照射部32,能够朝向照射目标照射由回旋加速器2生成的质子束,并且照射方向随着旋转部30的旋转而变化。 [0066] Further, the rotating gantry irradiation apparatus according to the present embodiment 3 have a structure having: a rotating portion 30, is rotatable about the rotation axis P: irradiation portion 32, the target can be generated by the cyclotron irradiation toward 2 the proton beam, and the irradiation direction of rotation of the rotating portion 30 varies. 并且,旋转台架3为薄型结构,其旋转轴线P方向的长度短于在与旋转轴线P正交的方向上的最大外径(最大宽度),所以对设施的小型化有效,容易在规定的场地有效地设置回旋加速器2和旋转台架3。 Further, the rotating gantry 3 is a thin structure, the length direction of the rotation axis P is shorter than the maximum outer diameter (maximum width) in a direction P orthogonal to the axis of rotation, so the effective size of the facility, predetermined easy site efficiently install the cyclotron 2 and the rotating gantry 3.

[0067](第2实施方式) [0067] (Second Embodiment)

[0068] 接着,参照图9〜图11对本发明的第2实施方式所涉及的粒子束治疗设备(加速粒子照射设备)IB进行说明。 [0068] Next, with reference to FIG. 11 to FIG 9~ a second embodiment of the present invention the particle radiation therapy equipment (accelerated particle irradiation equipment) IB will be described. 另外,关于本实施方式所涉及的粒子束治疗设备1B,对与第1实施方式所涉及的粒子束治疗设备IA相同的要素及部件等附加相同符号而省略详细说明。 Further, regarding the particle radiation therapy equipment 1B according to the present embodiment, the same reference numerals attached to the particle radiation therapy equipment in the first embodiment and the same elements of IA member like the detailed description thereof will be omitted.

[0069] 本实施方式所涉及的房屋6B例如为钢筋混凝土制造、钢梁混凝土制造的建筑物, 由混凝土制放射线屏蔽壁划分各房间。 [0069] This embodiment houses 6B, for example, reinforced concrete, steel beam structures made of concrete, the radiation shield walls made of concrete division of the room. 并且,房屋6B具备主建筑物部(建筑物)63和副建筑物部64。 In addition, the Ministry of Housing 6B includes a main building (the building) and 63 sub-building portion 64. 副建筑物部64由地下3层及地上4层的分层结构构成,各层设置有冷却装置室R3、电源室R4、职工室R6、放射性物质保管室R5、治疗操作室R7等。 Sub-building portion 64 is constituted by the ground layer 3 and the ground layer 4 layered structure, each layer is provided with a cooling device chamber R3, power source chambers R4, a staff room R6, a radioactive material storage chamber R5, treatment control room R7 and the like.

[0070] 主建筑物部63由地下1层及地上2层的分层结构构成,设置于地下1层部分(最下层)的回旋加速器室(加速器室)Rl设置有回旋加速器(粒子加速器)2,在地上1层部分,在设置于回旋加速器室Rl正上方的第1台架室R13设置有第1旋转台架7,在地上2层部分,在设置于第1台架室R13正上方的第2台架室R14设置有第2旋转台架8。 [0070] The main building portion 63 is constituted by the ground layer and the layered structure 1 on the ground layer 2 is provided on the portion (lowermost) underground cyclotron chamber (accelerator chamber) Rl 1 is provided with a layer cyclotron (particle accelerator) 2 in a ground layer portion, provided in the cyclotron chamber Rl positive first gantry chamber R13 is provided above the first rotating gantry 7, the two-layer ground portion, provided in the first gantry chamber R13 directly above The second gantry chamber R14 is provided with a second rotating gantry 8. 并且,主建筑物部63设置有联接通道11,其配置有联接回旋加速器2和第1旋转台架7及第2旋转台架8的引导管路10。 Then, the main building portion 63 is provided with a connection channel 11, which is arranged coupled cyclotron 2, the first rotating gantry 7 and the second rotating gantry 8 the guide line 10. 另外,第1旋转台架7及第2旋转台架8由与第1实施方式所涉及的旋转台架3实际上相同的结构构成,所以省略详细说明。 Further, the first rotating gantry 7 and the second rotating gantry 83 is composed of substantially the same structure of the first embodiment of the rotating gantry, the detailed description thereof will be omitted.

[0071] 引导管路10具备:取出路径10a,其与回旋加速器2的真空箱21联接而向水平方向延伸,并且朝向铅垂方向弯曲大致90度而穿过联接通道11内;第1分支路径10b,从取出路径IOa分支,并且相对于取出路径IOa朝向水平方向弯曲大致90度而与第1旋转台架7联接;第2分支路径10c,从取出路径IOa分支,并且相对于取出路径IOa朝向水平方向弯曲大致90度而与第2旋转台架8联接。 [0071] The guide line 10 includes: a take-off path 10a, which extends to the connection box 21 of the cyclotron 2, the vacuum in the horizontal direction, and is bent approximately 90 degrees toward the vertical direction through the inner coupling channel 11; the first branch path 10b, the take-off path IOa branch, and is bent approximately 90 degrees with the first rotating gantry 7 is coupled with respect to the take-off path IOa the horizontal direction; a second branch path 1OC, from take-off path IOa branches, with respect to take-off path IOa toward a substantially horizontal direction is bent 90 degrees and the second rotating gantry 8 is coupled.

[0072] 引导管路10的直线部分配置有多个四极电磁铁41,弯曲部分配置有2套使路径仅变更45度左右的旋转角度量的偏转电磁铁42,从而实现合计弯曲大致90度。 Straight portion [0072] of the guide line 10 are disposed a plurality of quadrupole electromagnets 41, two sets of curved portions disposed on the path-changing only the amount of angle of rotation of about 45 degrees of deflection electromagnets 42, 90 in order to achieve substantially total flexural degrees . 并且,引导管路10的取出路径10a、第1分支路径IOb及第2分支路径IOc 二维地即在沿上下方向(铅垂方向)延伸的虚拟平面PL(参照图10)上配置。 Further, the guide line 10 take-off path 10a, the first and second branch path diverging path IOb IOc i.e. two-dimensionally disposed on a virtual plane PL (see FIG. 10) in the vertical direction (vertical direction) extends. 其结果,能够减少用于使被导引至引导管路10的质子束收敛及转弯的四极电磁铁41及偏转电磁铁42的个数。 As a result, it is possible to reduce the proton line guided by the guide 10 and beam convergence turning electromagnet 41 and the quadrupole deflection electromagnet 42 in number.

[0073] 在此,如果是在二维相同的虚拟平面PL上,则容易保持质子束轨道的对称性,但如果发生三维偏离,则难以进行用于保持质子束轨道对称性的调整。 [0073] Here, if it is two-dimensionally on the same virtual plane PL, it is easy to maintain the symmetry of the track of a proton beam, but if the dimensional deviation occurs, it is difficult to adjust the proton beam for holding orbital symmetry. 在本实施方式所涉及的粒子束治疗设备IB中,由于引导管路10的取出路径IOa和多个分支路径IObUOc是在相同的虚拟平面PL上,所以容易保持质子束轨道的对称性,对提高照射精度有效。 IB the particle radiation therapy equipment according to the present embodiment, since the guide pipe take-off path and the plurality of branch paths IOa IObUOc 10 is on the same virtual plane PL, it is easy to maintain the symmetry of the track of a proton beam, to improve the effective irradiation accuracy.

[0074] 根据本实施方式所涉及的粒子束治疗设备1B,与第1实施方式所涉及的粒子束治疗设备IA同样,容易在规定的场地有效地设置回旋加速器2和第1旋转台架7及第2旋转台架8。 [0074] Similarly, easily and efficiently disposed at a predetermined site IA particle radiation therapy equipment according to particle radiation therapy equipment according to this embodiment. IB, the first embodiment of the cyclotron 2, the first rotating gantry 7, and second rotating gantry 8. 并且,回旋加速器2设置于房屋6B的最下层,所以容易增设旋转台架7、8。 Further, the cyclotron 2 is installed on the bottom of the housing 6B, it is easy to increase the rotating gantries 7 and 8.

[0075] 另外,粒子束治疗设备IB具备多个旋转台架7、8,多个旋转台架7、8分别设置于主建筑物部63的不同分层。 [0075] Further, the particle radiation therapy equipment IB includes a plurality of rotating gantries 7 and 8, a plurality of rotating gantries 7 and 8 are installed on different floors of the main building portion 63. 从而,根据场地面积能够向上下方向排列地设置多个旋转台架7、8,所以容易在规定的场地有效地设置多个旋转台架7、8。 Thus, according to the site area can be arranged in a plurality of rotating gantries 7 and 8 in the vertical direction, it is easy to efficiently install the plurality of rotating gantries 7 and 8 at a predetermined site.

[0076](第3实施方式) [0076] (Third Embodiment)

[0077] 接着,参照图12〜图14对本发明的第3实施方式所涉及的粒子束治疗设备(加速粒子照射设备)IC进行说明。 [0077] Next, with reference to FIG. 14 to FIG 12~ particle radiation therapy equipment (accelerated particle irradiation equipment) the IC third embodiment of the present invention will be described. 另外,关于本实施方式所涉及的粒子束治疗设备1C,对与第1实施方式所涉及的粒子束治疗设备IA或第2实施方式所涉及的粒子束治疗设备IB相同的要素及部件等附加相同的符号而省略详细说明。 Further, regarding the particle radiation therapy equipment 1C according to this embodiment, the same elements are assigned the same particle radiation therapy equipment and components IA or particle radiation therapy equipment of the second embodiment and the first embodiment and the like involved IB symbols and detailed description thereof will be omitted.

[0078] 本实施方式所涉及的房屋6C例如为钢筋混凝土制造、钢梁混凝土制造的建筑物, 由混凝土制的放射线屏蔽壁划分各房间。 [0078] This embodiment houses 6C, for example, reinforced concrete building, made of concrete steel beam, the radiation shield walls made of concrete division of the room. 并且,房屋6C具备主建筑物部65和副建筑物部64。 And, 6C includes a main building houses 65 buildings and 64 deputy.

[0079] 主建筑物部65由地下1层及地上2层的分层结构构成,设置于地下1层部分(最下层)的回旋加速器室(加速器室)Rl设置有回旋加速器(粒子加速器)2,在地上1层部分,在设置于回旋加速器室Rl正上方的台架室R15设置有旋转台架3,在地上2层部分,在设置于台架室R15正上方的固定照射室R16设置有固定型照射装置12。 [0079] The main building portion 65 is constituted by the ground layer and the layered structure 1 on the ground layer 2 is provided on the portion (lowermost) underground cyclotron chamber (accelerator chamber) Rl 1 is provided with a layer cyclotron (particle accelerator) 2 in a ground layer portion, the cyclotron chamber provided in the gantry chamber R15 Rl n provided above the rotating gantry 3, the two-layer ground portion, provided in the gantry chamber R15 n stationary irradiation chamber R16 provided above stationary irradiation device 12. 并且,主建筑物部65设置有联接通道11,其配置有联接回旋加速器2和旋转台架3及固定型照射装置12的引导管路10。 Then, the main building portion 65 is provided with a connection channel 11, which is arranged coupled cyclotron 2 and the rotating gantry 3 and the guide line 10 stationary irradiation device 12.

[0080] 固定型照射装置12具备:患者搭座的治疗台12b ;照射部12a,朝向治疗台12b上的患者照射质子束;及导入管路12c,将通过引导管路10引导的质子束导入至照射部12a。 [0080] The stationary irradiation device 12 includes: a patient treatment table 12b ride seat; irradiating portion 12a, a proton beam is irradiated toward a patient on the treatment table 12b; and an introduction line 12c, the line 10 is guided by the guide introducing proton beam to the irradiation unit 12a. 固定型照射装置12与上述的旋转台架3不同,不具备旋转部30。 Stationary irradiation device 12 with the above-described various rotating gantry 3, the rotating portion 30 is not provided. 照射部12a固定于规定位置,向患者的特定部位的质子束照射通过治疗台12b的上下移动或旋转来进行调整。 Irradiating portion 12a is fixed to a predetermined position, to adjust the proton beam through a specific part of the patient up and down movement or rotation of the treatment table 12b. 固定型照射装置12用于前列腺或眼球的疾病治疗。 Stationary irradiation device 12 for treating prostate or eye disease.

[0081] 本实施方式所涉及的粒子束治疗设备IC中,将回旋加速器2和旋转台架3及固定型照射装置12分别设置于房屋6C的不同分层,尤其在回旋加速器2的正上方或上方设置旋转台架3或固定型照射装置12,所以能够根据场地面积尽量减少场地占有面积,其结果, [0081] IC particle radiation therapy equipment according to the present embodiment, the cyclotron 2 and the rotating gantry 3 and the stationary irradiation device 12 are respectively disposed at different floors of the building 6C, particularly immediately above the cyclotron 2 or set rotating gantry 3 or the stationary irradiation device 12 above, it is possible to minimize the installation area according to the area occupied, as a result,

9容易在规定的场地有效地设置回旋加速器2和旋转台架3及固定型照射装置12。 9 is easy to efficiently install the cyclotron 2 and the rotating gantry 3 and the stationary irradiation device 12 at a predetermined site. 并且,回旋加速器2设置于房屋6C的最下层,所以容易增设旋转台架3。 In addition, the cyclotron 2 installed on the bottom of the housing 6C, it is easy to increase the rotating gantry 3.

[0082] 并且,引导管路10的取出路径10a、第1分支路径IOb及第2分支路径IOc 二维地即在沿上下方向(铅垂方向)延伸的虚拟平面PL上配置。 [0082] Further, the guide line 10 is off path 10a, the first and second branch path diverging path IOb IOc i.e. two-dimensionally arranged on a virtual plane PL in the vertical direction (vertical direction) extends. 其结果,能够减少用于使被导引至引导管路10的质子束收敛及转弯的四极电磁铁41及偏转电磁铁42的个数。 As a result, it is possible to reduce the proton line guided by the guide 10 and beam convergence turning electromagnet 41 and the quadrupole deflection electromagnet 42 in number. 另外,取出路径IOa和多个分支路径IObUOc是在相同的虚拟平面PL上,所以容易保持质子束轨道的对称性,对提高照射精度有效。 Further, the path taken and a plurality of branch paths IObUOc IOa are on the same virtual plane PL, it is easy to maintain the symmetry of the track of a proton beam irradiation effective to improve the accuracy.

[0083] 另外,粒子束治疗设备IC具备2种照射装置,即旋转台架3和固定型照射装置12, 旋转台架3和固定型照射装置12分别设置于主建筑物部65的不同分层。 [0083] Further, the particle radiation therapy equipment IC includes two kinds of irradiation devices, i.e., the rotating gantry 3 and the stationary irradiation device 12, the rotating gantry 3 and the stationary irradiation device 12 are installed on different floors of the main building portion 65 . 从而能够根据场地面积,向上下方向排列地设置旋转台架3和固定型照射装置12,所以容易在规定的场地有效地设置种类不同的旋转台架3和固定型照射装置12。 The site area can be set rotating gantry 3 and the stationary irradiation device are arranged in the vertical direction to 12, it is easy to different kinds of the rotating gantry 3 and the stationary irradiation device 12 disposed efficiently at a predetermined site.

[0084] 并且,粒子束治疗设备IC中具备:旋转台架3,其为旋转型照射装置;及固定型照射装置12,其具有照射方向固定的照射部10a,所以能够分开使用旋转台架3和固定型照射装置12,有效地对患者适当地照射质子束。 [0084] Further, the particle radiation therapy equipment is provided with an IC: rotating gantry 3, which is a rotary irradiation device; and a stationary irradiation device 12, which has a fixed irradiation direction of the irradiation unit 10a, it is possible to properly use the rotating gantry 3 and the stationary irradiation device 12, to effectively and appropriately irradiated with a proton beam to a patient.

[0085](第4实施方式) [0085] (Fourth Embodiment)

[0086] 接着,参照图15及图16对于本发明的第4实施方式所涉及的粒子束治疗设备(加速粒子照射设备)ID进行说明。 [0086] Next, with reference to FIGS. 15 and 16 for the particle radiation therapy equipment (accelerated particle irradiation equipment) ID to a fourth embodiment of the present invention will be described. 另外,关于本实施方式所涉及的粒子束治疗设备1D,对于与第1〜第3实施方式所涉及的粒子束治疗设备IA〜IC相同的要素及部件等附加相同的符号而省略详细说明。 Further, regarding the particle radiation therapy equipment 1D according to the present embodiment, the same reference numerals for the particle radiation therapy equipment 1 ~ third embodiment and the second embodiment related to the same elements IA~IC like member and the detailed description thereof will be omitted.

[0087] 本实施方式所涉及的房屋6D例如为钢筋混凝土制造、钢梁混凝土制造的建筑物, 由混凝土制的放射线屏蔽壁划分各房间。 [0087] Housing 6D present embodiment, for example, reinforced concrete structures, steel beams made of concrete, the radiation shield walls made of concrete division of the room. 并且,作为房屋6D的主结构由地下1层及地上2 层的分层结构构成,在设置于地下1层部分(最下层)的回旋加速器室(加速器室)Rl设置有回旋加速器(粒子加速器)2,并且,在地上1层部分,在回旋加速器室Rl的正上方设置有第1台架室R17,第1台架室R17设置有第1旋转台架7。 Further, as the structure of the main housing 6D consists of a ground layer and a ground layer of the layered structure 2, provided in the ground part (lowermost) layer, a cyclotron chamber (accelerator chamber) Rl provided with a cyclotron (particle accelerator) 2, and the layer portion 1 in the ground immediately above the cyclotron chamber Rl 1 is provided with a first gantry chamber R17, the first gantry chamber R17 is provided with a first rotating gantry 7. 并且,在地上2层部分,在相对于第1台架室R17的正上方在水平方向偏离的位置上设置有第2台架室R18,第2台架室R18设置有第2旋转台架8。 Further, in the two-layer portion on the ground, with respect to immediately above the first gantry chamber R17 in the horizontal position deviation is provided with a second gantry chamber R18, the second gantry chamber R18 is provided with a second rotating gantry 8 .

[0088] 并且,房屋6D设置有联接通道14,该联接通道14配置有联接回旋加速器2和第1 旋转台架7及第2旋转台架8的引导管路13。 [0088] Further, the housing is provided with a coupling 6D passage 14, the coupling channel 14 arranged coupling cyclotron 2, the first rotating gantry 7 and the second rotating gantry 138 of the guide line. 联接通道(参照图16) 14设置于房屋6D的大致中央。 Coupling channel (see FIG. 16) provided in the housing 14 substantially at the center 6D. 引导管路13具备:取出路径13a,与回旋加速器2的真空箱21联接而向水平方向延伸,并且朝向铅垂上方弯曲大致90度而穿过联接通道14内;第1分支路径13b,从取出路径13a分支,并且相对于取出路径13a朝向水平方向弯曲大致90度而与第1旋转台架7联接;及第2分支路径13c,从取出路径13a分支,并且相对于取出路径13a朝向水平方向弯曲大致90度而与第2旋转台架8联接。 The guide line 13 includes: take-off path 13a, extends the vacuum box 21 is coupled cyclotron 2 in the horizontal direction, and is bent substantially vertically upward 90 degrees through the coupling passage 14; the first branch path 13b, taken from branch path 13a, and is bent approximately 90 degrees with the first rotating gantry 7 is coupled with respect to the take-off path 13a in the horizontal direction; a second branch path. 13C, branching from the take-off path 13a, and is bent with respect to the take-off path 13a in the horizontal direction approximately 90 degrees and the second rotating gantry 8 is coupled. 本实施方式所涉及的粒子束治疗设备ID中,穿过第1旋转台架7的旋转轴线P的虚拟铅垂平面1¾和穿过第2旋转台架的旋转轴线P的虚拟铅垂平面1¾不成为相同平面,因此,第1分支路径1¾和第2分支路径13c未配置于相同的虚拟平面上。 This particle radiation therapy equipment ID in the embodiment, the first rotating gantry passing through the rotation axis P of the virtual virtual vertical plane and the vertical plane passing through the second 1¾ rotating gantry rotation axis P is not 1¾ 7 become the same plane, and therefore, the first and the second branch path 1¾ diverging path 13c is not arranged on the same virtual plane.

[0089] 粒子束治疗设备ID中,将回旋加速器2和第1旋转台架7及第2旋转台架8分别设置于房屋6D的不同分层,能够根据场地面积尽量减少场地占有面积,其结果,容易在规定的场地有效地设置回旋加速器2和旋转台架7、8。 [0089] The particle radiation therapy equipment ID, the cyclotron 2 and the rotating gantry 7 and the second rotating gantry 8 are installed on different floors of the building 6D, it is possible to minimize the area occupied by the equipment according to the area, as a result , easy to efficiently install the cyclotron 2 and the rotating gantries 7 and 8 at a predetermined site. 并且,回旋加速器2设置于房屋6D的最下层,所以容易增设旋转台架7、8。 Further, the cyclotron 2 is installed on the bottom floor of the building 6D, it is easy to increase the rotating gantries 7 and 8.

[0090] 另外,粒子束治疗设备ID中,第1旋转台架7和第2旋转台架8在水平方向偏离而设置成曲折(千鳥)状,所以能够避开第1旋转台架7的高度最高的部分地设置第2旋转台架8,容易压缩房屋6D的高度。 [0090] Further, the particle radiation therapy equipment ID, the first rotating gantry 7, and the second rotating gantry 8 is arranged to be offset from meandering (houndstooth) shape in a horizontal direction, it is possible to avoid the height of the first rotating gantry 7 set the highest part of the second rotating gantry 8, easy compression height of the building 6D.

[0091] 另外,粒子束治疗设备ID中,在回旋加速器2的正上方配置有第1旋转台架7,但是也可以是如下曲折状的配置:将第1旋转台架7相对于回旋加速器2的正上方在水平方向错开地配置,并将第2旋转台架8配置在回旋加速器2的铅垂上方。 [0091] Further, the particle radiation therapy equipment ID, disposed immediately above the cyclotron 2 is provided with a first rotating gantry 7, but may be a zigzag configuration: the first rotating gantry 7 with respect to the cyclotron 2 disposed immediately above the offset in the horizontal direction, and the second rotating gantry 8 is disposed above the cyclotron 2 in the vertical. 并且,也可以是如下曲折状的配置:以穿过回旋加速器2中心的铅垂线为基准,旋转台架7、8双方左右交替地错开。 And it may be a zigzag configuration as follows: to a vertical line passing through the center of the cyclotron 2 as a reference, the rotating gantry alternately shifted right and left sides 7,8.

[0092](第5实施方式) [0092] (Fifth Embodiment)

[0093] 接着,参照图17对于本发明的第5实施方式所涉及的粒子束治疗设备(加速粒子照射设备)IE进行说明。 [0093] Next, with reference to FIG. 17 a fifth embodiment of the particle beam treatment apparatus of the present embodiment of the invention (accelerated particle irradiation equipment) IEs will be described. 另外,关于本实施方式所涉及的粒子束治疗设备1E,对与第1〜4 实施方式所涉及的粒子束治疗设备IA〜ID相同的要素及部件等附加相同符号而省略详细说明。 Further, regarding the particle radiation therapy equipment 1E according to the present embodiment, the same reference numerals attached to the particle radiation therapy equipment 1 ~ 4 in the first embodiment and the same elements IA~ID member like the detailed description thereof will be omitted.

[0094] 本实施方式所涉及的房屋6E例如为钢筋混凝土制造、钢梁混凝土制造的建筑物, 由混凝土制放射线屏蔽壁划分各房间。 [0094] Housing 6E present embodiment, for example, reinforced concrete structures, steel beams made of concrete, the concrete radiation shield walls dividing each room. 并且,房屋6E由地下1层及地上2层的分层结构构成。 And, 6E housing 1 is constituted by the ground layer and the ground layer of the layered structure 2. 本实施方式所涉及的粒子束治疗设备IE中,与上述各实施方式相比,第1旋转台架7及第2旋转台架8与回旋加速器2的上下配置相反,房屋6E的地上2层部分(最上层)设置有回旋加速器室(加速器室)R19,回旋加速器室R19设置有回旋加速器(粒子加速器)2, 地上1层部分设置有第1台架室R20,第1台架室R20设置有第1旋转台架7,地下1层部分(最下层)设置有第2台架室R21,第2台架室R21设置有第2旋转台架8。 IE particle radiation therapy equipment according to the present embodiment in comparison with the above-described embodiment, the first rotating gantry 7 and the second rotating gantry 8 cyclotron 2 arranged vertically opposite, 6E housing portion of the ground layer 2 (uppermost layer) is provided with a cyclotron chamber (accelerator chamber) R19, R19 cyclotron chamber is provided with a cyclotron (particle accelerator) 2, 1st floor portion is provided with a first gantry chamber R20, the first gantry chamber R20 is provided with a The first rotating gantry 7, a ground layer portion (lowermost layer) is provided with a second gantry chamber R21, the second gantry chamber R21 is provided with a second rotating gantry 8.

[0095] 本实施方式所涉及的粒子束治疗设备IE中,将回旋加速器2和第1旋转台架7及第2旋转台架8分别设置于房屋6E的不同分层,能够根据场地面积尽量减少场地占有面积,其结果,容易在规定的场地有效地设置回旋加速器2和第1旋转台架7及第2旋转台架8。 [0095] IE particle radiation therapy equipment according to the present embodiment, the cyclotron 2 and the rotating gantry 7 and the second rotating gantry 8 are installed on different floors housing 6E, it is possible to minimize the area according to the field the area occupied by the equipment, as a result, easy to efficiently install the cyclotron 2 and the rotating gantry 7 and the second rotating gantry 8 at a predetermined site.

[0096](第6实施方式) [0096] (Sixth Embodiment)

[0097] 接着,参照图18〜图20对本发明的第6实施方式所涉及的粒子束治疗设备(加速粒子照射设备)IF进行说明。 [0097] Next, with reference to FIG. 20 to FIG 18~ particle radiation therapy equipment (accelerated particle irradiation equipment) the IF sixth embodiment of the present invention will be described. 另外,关于本实施方式所涉及的粒子束治疗设备1F,对与第1〜第5实施方式所涉及的粒子束治疗设备IA〜IE相同的要素及部件等附加相同符号而省略详细说明。 Further, regarding the particle radiation therapy equipment 1F according to the present embodiment, the same reference numerals attached to the particle radiation therapy equipment 1 ~ fifth embodiment and the second embodiment related to the same elements IA~IE like member and the detailed description thereof will be omitted.

[0098] 本实施方式所涉及的房屋6F例如为钢筋混凝土制造、钢梁混凝土制造的建筑物, 由混凝土制放射线屏蔽壁划分各房间。 [0098] This embodiment houses 6F e.g., a reinforced concrete buildings made of concrete steel beam, the radiation shield walls made of concrete division of the room. 并且,房屋6F具备主建筑物部66和副建筑物部67。 And, with the main building 6F houses 66 buildings and 67 deputy. 副建筑物部67由地下3层及地上1层的分层结构构成,各层设置有冷却装置室R3、电源室R4、职工室R5、放射性物质保管室R6、治疗操作室R7等。 Sub-building portion 67 is constituted by the ground layer 3 and the ground layer is a layered structure, each layer is provided with a cooling device chamber R3, power source chambers R4, a staff room R5, a radioactive material storage chamber R6, R7 treatment control room and the like.

[0099] 主建筑物部66由地下1层及地上1层的分层结构构成,在设置于地下1层部分(最下层)的回旋加速器室(加速器室)R22设置有回旋加速器(粒子加速器)2。 [0099] The main building portion 66 is constituted by the ground layer and the layered structure 1 on the ground layer 1, in a cyclotron chamber (accelerator chamber) is provided in the first basement (bottom floor) R22 provided with a cyclotron (particle accelerator) 2. 在地上1层部分排列设置有第1台架室R23和第2台架室R24,第1台架室R23设置有第1旋转台架7,第2台架室RM设置有第2旋转台架8。 1 layer portion are arranged on the ground is provided with a first gantry chamber R23 and the second gantry chamber R24, the first gantry chamber R23 is provided with a first rotating gantry 7, a second gantry chamber RM is provided with a second rotating gantry 8.

[0100] 第1台架室R23与第2台架室RM隔着放射线屏蔽壁71而邻接。 [0100] The first gantry chamber R23 and the second gantry chamber RM through the radiation shield wall 71 abut. 第1台架室R23形成为大致矩形状,正面侧形成有由迷宫结构构成的通道R12,与设置有接待室、患者的候诊室等的空间联接。 The first gantry chamber R23 formed in a substantially rectangular shape, the front side is formed with channels R12 constituted by the labyrinth structure, and is provided with a reception room, a patient waiting room like space coupling. 第1旋转台架7的正面朝向通道侧且沿大致矩形的第1台架室R23的对角线而配置。 The first rotating gantry 7 toward the front side of the channel and along the diagonal of the first gantry chamber R23 and substantially rectangular configuration. 第2台架室RM及第2旋转台架8隔着放射线屏蔽壁71而成为与第1台架室R23及第1旋转台架7对称的结构。 The second gantry chamber RM and the second rotating gantry 8 via the radiation shield wall 71 is symmetrical to the first gantry chamber R23 and the first rotating gantry 7 structure.

[0101] 第1旋转台架7及第2旋转台架8的背面侧形成有形成质子束轨道的引导管路16 所穿过的联接通道17。 [0101] The first rotating gantry 7 and the second rotating gantry 8 is formed on the back side of the guide rail line of the proton beam 16 is coupled through passage 17 is formed. 引导管路16具备:取出路径16a,其与回旋加速器2的真空箱21联接而向水平方向延伸,并且朝向铅垂上方弯曲大致90度而穿过联接通道17内,在地上1层部分朝向水平方向弯曲大致90度;及第1分支路径16b和第2分支路径16c,从取出路径16a分支成2个方向而分别与第1旋转台架7及第2旋转台架8联接。 The guide line 16 includes: take-off path 16a, which extends to the vacuum box 21 of the cyclotron 2 is coupled in the horizontal direction, and is bent substantially vertically upward 90 degrees through the coupling passage 17 toward the ground level 1 layer portion direction is bent substantially 90 degrees; the second branch path 16b and the second branched path 16c, the take-off path 16a is branched into two directions, respectively, the first rotating gantry 7 and the second rotating gantry 8 is coupled.

[0102] 第1分支路径16b在水平面上配置而连接于第1旋转台架7,通过多个四极电磁铁41及偏转电磁铁42的配置,实现质子束的收敛及规定的弯曲轨道的形成。 Forming a curved track [0102] The first branched path 16b arranged in a horizontal plane and connected to the first rotating gantry 7, by a plurality of quadrupole magnet 41 and deflection electromagnets 42 are disposed, the proton beam convergence is achieved and a predetermined . 第2分支路径16c在与第1分支路径16b相同的水平面上配置而连接于第2旋转台架8。 Second diverging path 16c on the first branch path 16b the same horizontal plane and disposed connected to the second rotating gantry 8.

[0103] 第2分支路径16c具有:分支部16d,从取出路径16a分支且从第1分支路径16b 分离;迂回交叉部16e,比第1分支路径16b更从第2旋转台架8远离地迂回而与第1分支路径1¾交叉;及连接部16f,从迂回交叉部16e连接于第2旋转台架8。 [0103] The second branched path 16c includes: a branch portion 16d, and 16b is separated from the take-off path 16a branched from the first branch path; roundabout intersection portion 16e, than the first branch path further from the second rotating gantry 8 away from the bypass 16b while crossing the first branch path 1¾; and a connection portion 16f, 16e from the detour cross-section connected to the second rotating gantry 8.

[0104] 为了形成将来自取出路径16a的质子束适当地导入至第2旋转台架8的规定的轨道,第2分支路径16c需要某种程度的距离(路径长度)。 [0104] In order to form a proton beam from take-off path 16a is suitably introduced to the rail predetermined second rotating gantry 8, the second diverging path 16c requires a certain degree of distance (path length). 本实施方式所涉及的粒子束治疗设备1中,并不是为了确保第2分支路径16c的路径长度而分开第1旋转台架7和第2旋转台架8,而是通过在第2分支路径16c设置迂回交叉部16e,从而能够容易地确保第2分支路径16c的路径长度,另外,通过使第2分支路径16c与第1分支路径16b交叉从而可实现紧凑性,从而,能够尽量使第1旋转台架7和第2旋转台架8的配置靠近。 Particle radiation therapy equipment according to this embodiment 1, not to ensure that the path length of the second branched path 16c is separated from the first rotating gantry 7, and the second rotating gantry 8, but by the second diverging path 16c provided roundabout intersection portion 16e, it is possible to easily secure the second branch path path length 16c, in addition, by the second diverging path 16c of the first branch path 16b intersect so as to be compact, thereby, much as possible the rotation of the first stage 7 and the second rotating gantry 8 is disposed closer. 其结果,容易在规定的场地面积中有效地配置第1旋转台架7和第2选转台架8。 As a result, easily and efficiently disposed of the first rotating gantry 7, and the second carrier is selected from the turntable 8 at a predetermined site in the area.

[0105] 本实施方式所涉及的粒子束照射装置IF中,将回旋加速器2和第1旋转台架7及第2旋转台架8分别设置于房屋6F的不同分层,能够根据场地面积尽量减少场地占有面积,其结果,容易在规定的场地有效地设置回旋加速器2和旋转台架7、8。 [0105] IF particle beam irradiation apparatus according to the present embodiment, the cyclotron 2, the first rotating gantry 7 and the second rotating gantry 8 are installed on different floors of the building 6F, it is possible to minimize the area according to the field the area occupied by the equipment, as a result, easy to efficiently install the cyclotron 2 and the rotating gantries 7 and 8 at a predetermined site. 另外,由于回旋加速器2设置于房屋6F的最下层,所以容易增设旋转台架7、8等的照射装置。 Further, since the cyclotron 2 is installed on the bottom floor of the building 6F, it is easy irradiating means rotating gantry such additional 7,8.

[0106] 并且,在本实施方式中,多个旋转台架7、8设置于相同分层,即地上1层部分,所以对房屋6F的高度不能过高的情况等有效。 [0106] Further, in the present embodiment, the plurality of rotating gantries 7 and 8 are disposed at the same hierarchical, i.e. a ground layer portion, the height of the building 6F is not too high and other effective.

[0107] 另外,引导管路16的第2分支路径16c具有迂回交叉部16e,该迂回交叉部16e比第1分支路径16b更从第2旋转台架8远离地迂回并与第1分支路径16b交叉,所以容易实现如下结构,即取长第2分支路径16c的路径长度的同时,可容易与邻接于第1旋转台架7的第2旋转台架8连接。 [0107] Further, the guide line 16 in the second branch path 16c has a detour portion 16e intersection, the intersection portion 16e further circuitous detour away from the second 8 rotating gantry 1 than the first branch path 16b and 16b of the first branch path cross, it is easy to realize a structure in which the length of the second branch taken path 16c, while the path length, can be easily connected adjacent to the first rotating gantry 7 second rotating gantry 8.

[0108] 另外,通过采用上述的引导管路16的第1分支路径16b及第2分支路径16c的结构,即使是将回旋加速器(粒子加速器)和多个照射装置全部设置在房屋的相同分层的形态,也能够在规定的场地有效地设置回旋加速器及多个照射装置。 [0108] Further, by using the path of the first branch line 16 of the guide structure 16b second branched path 16c, even the cyclotron (particle accelerator) and the plurality of irradiation devices all disposed at the same hierarchical house form, it is possible to efficiently install the cyclotron and the plurality of irradiation devices at a predetermined site. 例如设为如下结构,即, 将从与回旋加速器2的真空箱21连接的取出路径16a分支的第1分支路径16b及第2分支路径16c配置在相同分层,并且,第1分支路径16b连接于第1旋转台架7,第2分支路径16c连接于第2旋转台架8。 For example, suppose a configuration, i.e., removed from the path of the vacuum tank connected to the cyclotron 2 in the first branch path 21 16a 16b second branched path 16c arranged in the same branches layered, and the first branch path 16b is connected in the first rotating gantry 7. The second branched path 16c is connected to the second rotating gantry 8. 此时,由于第2分支路径16c具有迂回交叉部16e,所以容易确保第2分支路径16c的路径长度,另外,第2分支路径16c与第1分支路径16b交叉, At this time, since the second branched path 16c having a cross section detour 16e, it is easy to ensure that the path length of the second branched path 16c, in addition, the second branched path 16c of the first branch path intersecting 16b,

12所以容易实现紧凑化。 12 it is easy to downsize.

[0109](第7实施方式) [0109] (Seventh Embodiment)

[0110] 接着,参照图21〜图23对本发明的第7实施方式所涉及的粒子束治疗设备(加速粒子照射设备)IG进行说明。 [0110] Next, with reference to FIG. 23 to FIG 21~ particle radiation therapy equipment seventh embodiment of the present invention (accelerated particle irradiation equipment) the IG will be described. 另外,关于本实施方式所涉及的粒子束治疗设备1G,对与第1〜第6实施方式所涉及的粒子束治疗设备IA〜IF相同的要素及部件等附加相同符号而省略详细说明。 Further, regarding the particle radiation therapy equipment 1G according to the present embodiment, the same reference numerals attached to the particle radiation therapy equipment 1 ~ sixth embodiment and the second embodiment related to the same elements IA~IF like member and the detailed description thereof will be omitted.

[0111] 本实施方式所涉及的房屋6G例如为钢筋混凝土制造、钢梁混凝土制造的建筑物, 由混凝土制放射线屏蔽壁划分各房间。 [0111] Housing 6G present embodiment, for example, reinforced concrete structures, steel beams made of concrete, the concrete radiation shield walls dividing each room. 并且,房屋6G具备主建筑物部68和副建筑物部69。 And, with the main building housing 6G section 68 and sub-building portion 69. 副建筑物部69由地下3层及地上1层的分层结构构成,各层设置有冷却装置室R3、电源室R4、职工室R5、放射性物质保管室R6、治疗操作室R7等。 Sub-building portion 69 is constituted by the ground layer 3 and the ground layer is a layered structure, each layer is provided with a cooling device chamber R3, power source chambers R4, a staff room R5, a radioactive material storage chamber R6, R7 treatment control room and the like.

[0112] 主建筑物部68由地下1层及地上1层的分层结构构成,在设置于地下1层部分(最下层)的回旋加速器室(加速器室)R25设置有回旋加速器(粒子加速器)2。 [0112] The main building portion 68 has a layered structure from the ground layer and the ground layer 1, in a cyclotron chamber (accelerator chamber) is provided in the first basement (bottom floor) R25 provided with a cyclotron (particle accelerator) 2. 在地上1 层部分排列设置有台架室R26和固定照射室R27,台架室似6设置有旋转台架3,固定照射室R27设置有固定型照射装置12。 1 are arranged on the ground layer portion is provided with the gantry chamber R26 and the stationary irradiation chamber R27, the gantry-like chamber 6 is provided with the rotating gantry 3, is provided with a stationary irradiation chamber R27 stationary irradiation device 12.

[0113] 台架室似6和固定照射室R27隔着放射线屏蔽壁72而邻接。 [0113] 6-like gantry chamber R27 and the stationary irradiation chamber via a radiation shield wall 72 are adjacent. 并且,与台架室似6 和固定照射室R27邻接而形成有引导管路18所穿过的联接通道19。 And, like chamber 6 and the gantry and the stationary irradiation chamber R27 adjacent to a guide conduit 18 is coupled through passage 19 is formed. 引导管路18具有:取出路径18a,其与回旋加速器2的真空箱21联接而向水平方向延伸,并且朝向铅垂上方弯曲大致90度而穿过联接通道19内,在地上1层部分朝向水平方向弯曲大致90度;及第1分支路径18b和第2分支路径18c,从取出路径分支成2个方向而分别与旋转台架3及固定型照射装置12联接。 The guide line 18 includes: a take-off path 18a, which extends to the connection box 21 of the cyclotron 2, the vacuum in the horizontal direction, and is bent substantially vertically upward 90 degrees through the coupling passage 19 toward the ground level 1 layer portion direction is bent substantially 90 degrees; the second branch path 18b and the second branched path 18c, the take-off path is branched into two directions, respectively 3 and 12 coupled to stationary irradiation device rotating gantry.

[0114] 本实施方式所涉及的粒子束治疗设备中,将回旋加速器和旋转台架及固定型照射装置分别设置于房屋的不同分层,可根据场地面积尽量减少场地占有面积,其结果,容易在规定的场地有效地设置回旋加速器和旋转台架及固定型照射装置。 [0114] particle radiation therapy equipment according to the present embodiment, the cyclotron, the rotating gantry and the stationary irradiation device are installed on different floors of the house, can minimize the area occupied by the equipment according to the area, as a result, easy efficiently install the cyclotron, the rotating gantry and the stationary irradiation device at a predetermined site. 另外,回旋加速器设置于房屋的最下层,所以容易增设旋转台架等照射装置。 Further, the cyclotron is installed on the bottom housing, it is easy to irradiation additional means like rotating gantry. 并且,本实施方式中可分开使用旋转台架和固定型照射装置,有效地对患者适当地照射质子束。 Further, the present embodiment may be used separately from the rotating gantry and the stationary irradiation device, effective and appropriate proton beam irradiation to the patient.

[0115] 以上,基于该实施方式具体说明了本发明,但是,本发明不限于上述实施方式。 [0115] or more specifically described based on the embodiment of the present invention, however, the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments. 上述实施方式中说明了设置多个旋转台架作为多个照射装置的形态、设置旋转台架和固定型照射装置的形态,但也可以是具备多个固定型照射装置的形态。 The above-described embodiment is provided as a plurality of rotating gantry form a plurality of illumination devices, the rotating gantry and disposed shape stationary irradiation device, but may be provided with a plurality of stationary irradiation device shape of. 并且,粒子加速器不限于回旋加速器,也可以是同步加速器或同步回旋加速器。 Further, the particle accelerator is not limited to a cyclotron, and may be a synchrotron or a synchrocyclotron. 并且,粒子束(加速粒子)不限于质子束,也可以是碳束(重粒子束)等。 Further, the beam (accelerated particle) is not limited to a proton beam, or may be a carbon beam (heavy particle) and the like.

Claims (8)

  1. 1. 一种加速粒子照射设备,设置于由多层的分层结构构成的建筑物,其特征在于,具备:粒子加速器,生成所述加速粒子;以及照射装置,照射由所述粒子加速器生成的加速粒子,并且设置于比设置有所述粒子加速器的分层更上侧的分层及更下侧的分层中的至少一个。 An accelerated particle irradiation equipment, installed in a building composed of a multilayer layered structure comprising: a particle accelerator, the accelerated particles generated; and an irradiation means, the irradiation generated by the particle accelerator accelerated particles, and is provided in which the ratio of layered particle accelerator provided on a more and more the lower side of the layered hierarchical least one side.
  2. 2.如权利要求1所述的加速粒子照射设备,其特征在于, 所述粒子加速器设置于所述建筑物的最下层。 Accelerated particle irradiation equipment according to claim 1, wherein the particle accelerator is provided on the lowermost building.
  3. 3.如权利要求1或2所述的加速粒子照射设备,其特征在于,所述照射装置具有:旋转部,能够围绕旋转轴线旋转;照射部,能够朝向照射目标照射由所述粒子加速器生成的加速粒子,并且照射方向随着所述旋转部的旋转而变化,所述照射装置为所述旋转轴线方向的长度短于与所述旋转轴线正交的方向上的最大宽度的薄型。 3. The accelerated particle irradiation equipment of claim 1 or claim 2, wherein said irradiation device comprising: a rotary portion rotatable about a rotation axis; irradiating portion toward the irradiation target can be irradiated by the particle accelerator to generate accelerated particles, and the irradiation direction with the rotation of the rotating portion is changed, the illumination means is a length of the rotational axis direction is shorter than the maximum width and thin in a direction perpendicular to the rotational axis.
  4. 4.如权利要求1或2所述的加速粒子照射设备,其特征在于, 具备多个所述照射装置,多个所述照射装置分别设置于所述建筑物的不同分层。 Accelerated particle irradiation equipment according to 12 or as claimed in claim, wherein a plurality of the irradiation devices, a plurality of irradiation devices are installed on different floors of the building.
  5. 5.如权利要求4所述的加速粒子照射设备,其特征在于,还具备引导管路,该引导管路连接于多个所述照射装置及所述粒子加速器,并且将由所述粒子加速器生成的所述加速粒子引导至多个所述照射装置中的每一个,所述引导管路具有:取出路径,连接于所述粒子加速器;多个分支路径,从所述取出路径分支而连接于所述照射装置中的每一个,所述取出路径和所述分支路径配置于相同的虚拟平面上。 5. The accelerated particle irradiation equipment according to claim 4, wherein, further comprising a guide line, the guide line is connected to a plurality of irradiation devices and the particle accelerator, and is generated by the particle accelerator the accelerated particles guided to each of said plurality of illumination means, the guide conduit having: take-off path, connected to the particle accelerator; a plurality of branched paths, branched from the take-off path is connected to the illumination each device, the take-off path and the branched paths are disposed on the same virtual plane.
  6. 6.如权利要求1或2所述的加速粒子照射设备,其特征在于, 具备多个所述照射装置,多个所述照射装置在水平方向错开地设置。 Accelerated particle irradiation equipment according to 12 or as claimed in claim, wherein a plurality of the irradiation devices, a plurality of the irradiation devices are arranged offset in the horizontal direction.
  7. 7.如权利要求1或2所述的加速粒子照射设备,其特征在于, 具备多个所述照射装置,多个所述照射装置设置于相同的分层。 7. The accelerated particle irradiation equipment of claim 1 or claim 2, wherein a plurality of the irradiation devices, a plurality of the irradiation device is disposed in the same hierarchical.
  8. 8.如权利要求1或2所述的加速粒子照射装置,其特征在于, 具备多个所述照射装置,多个所述照射装置中,一部分为旋转型照射装置,另一部分为固定型照射装置,该旋转型照射装置具有:旋转部,能够围绕旋转轴线旋转;照射部,能够朝向照射目标照射由所述粒子加速器生成的加速粒子,并且照射方向随着所述旋转部的旋转而变化,该固定型照射装置具有照射方向固定的照射部的。 8. The accelerated particle irradiation apparatus claimed in claim 1 or 2 or another part of the stationary irradiation device, characterized in that a plurality of the irradiation devices, a plurality of the irradiation apparatus, a portion of a rotary irradiation device, the rotary irradiation device includes: a rotary portion rotatable about a rotation axis; irradiation unit, the irradiation target can be irradiated toward the accelerated particles generated by the particle accelerator and the irradiation direction with the rotation of the rotating portion varies, the stationary irradiation device having a fixed portion of the irradiation direction of the irradiation.
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