CN102183058B - Inorganic floor heating heat preservation template and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Inorganic floor heating heat preservation template and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102183058B
CN102183058B CN 201110075320 CN201110075320A CN102183058B CN 102183058 B CN102183058 B CN 102183058B CN 201110075320 CN201110075320 CN 201110075320 CN 201110075320 A CN201110075320 A CN 201110075320A CN 102183058 B CN102183058 B CN 102183058B
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floor heating
layer
template
feet
inorganic insulation
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CN102183058A (en
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鲁学立
李珥
鲁会勇
王雪娟
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Henan Yongli Building Material Co., Ltd.
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HENAN YONGLI BUILDING MATERIAL CO Ltd
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Abstract

The invention relates to an inorganic floor heating heat preservation template and a preparation method thereof. The template comprises a base plate, wherein the base plate at least comprises an inorganic material heat preservation layer, a reinforcing layer and a leveling layer; the top surface of the base plate is provided with a certain number of supporting legs; the top end of each supporting leg is positioned on the same plane; and a gap is reserved among the supporting legs for laying floor heating pipes. The preparation method of the template comprises the following steps of: pouring foamed cement or light concrete mixed with a filling material into a forming mould; and solidifying and maintaining. The floor heating heat preservation template has the advantages of simple process, time saving, labor saving, low cost, good heat preservation effect and low energy consumption when used for laying a floor heating system; and the template has a simple production process and is easy to popularize and generalize.

Description

Inorganic insulation template for floor heating thermostat and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to building material field, be specifically related to a kind of inorganic insulation template for floor heating thermostat and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Floor heating (Radiant Floor Heating) is the abbreviation of floor panel heating, take whole ground as radiator, by the heating agent in the flooring radiation layer, the whole ground of homogeneous heating, utilize the make progress rule of radiation of the accumulation of heat on ground self and heat to conduct from the bottom to top, reach the purpose of heating.The thermograde that the low-temperature ground heating agent successively decreases to head gradually at indoor formation sole, thus give the warm cool comfort of pin.Ground radiation heating meets the fitness theory of the traditional Chinese medical science " temperature foot top is cool ", is the heating system of present the most comfortable, is also the symbol of modern life quality.Floor heating has developed more than 20 year in China, but realizes that really develop rapidly is after 21 century, especially in recent years.
The structure of floor heating mainly is made of floor heating heat insulation layer, floor heating pipe, floor heating backfill layer from bottom to up, and people are paving floor on backfill layer in use.Heat insulation layer for floor heating has the descriptions of materials such as styrofoam, rock wool, extruded sheet in the market, the each have their own advantage of these materials, but common fatal shortcoming is: 1. materials is after the floor heating pipe heating, be raised to uniform temperature, a kind of poisonous organic benzene can be discharged, health of human body can be had a strong impact on; 2. materials is being subject to trampling in the heavy burden situation for a long time, meeting atrophy attenuation, not only heat-insulating property is affected, also can cause heat insulation layer to separate with backfill layer, make the backfill layer hollowing, in the situation that the even fracture of bearing a heavy burden, the backfill layer of fracture is in the situation that bear a heavy burden and may crush floor heating pipe, make the water outflow in pipe, if maintenance, bother very much again, remove top floor, backfill layer the heat insulation layer of changing, be equivalent to the floor of warming up, ground has been done one time again, bother very much and waste; 3. after materials goes out of use, decompose very slowly, contaminative is very large; 4. materials is inflammable, and disaster hidden-trouble is large, is the material that fire department limits or forbids using in building industry.But nearly 2 years, with the on-the-spot pouring of foam cement floor heating heat insulation layer, the problems referred to above of the materials such as styrofoam, rock wool, extruded sheet have been solved.All showed incomparable superiority at aspects such as energy-conservation, synergy, environmental protection, sound insulations.But be all the big machinery construction of marching into the arena with the on-the-spot pouring of foam cement floor heating heat insulation layer in the market, require special technical staff's Site, scene to lay, the curing period about 5~7 days also will be arranged, have many weak points: affected greatly by the objective condition such as technology, temperature, humidity, floor height; 2. the construction period long, task difficulty is large; 3. the know-how personnel will be arranged, supervision property is poor, and quality is difficult to guarantee; 4. be confined to large-scale building site, waste material is many; 5. and can not the quantizating index standard; The problem such as expansion, crack also easily appear in the later stage, cave in.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of standardization, unitized floor heating heat preservation template, can conveniently be spliced into the good floor heating heat insulation layer of effect of heat insulation, the invention also discloses the preparation method of floor heating heat preservation template.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution used in the present invention is:
A kind of inorganic insulation template for floor heating thermostat, comprise substrate, be laid with the feet of some on substrate top surface, the top end of each feet at grade, and leave between each feet for the gap of laying floor heating pipe, described substrate comprises inorganic material heat-insulation layer, back-up coat, floating layer at least.
Can also be provided with bottom surface layer under the floating layer of described substrate, this bottom surface layer is that any one material in floor heating reflectance coating, brown paper, aluminium-foil paper, aluminium foil cloth, nonwoven is made.
Described back-up coat is that glass fibre, mineral wool, rock wool, fibrous mesh cloth, thin bamboo strips used for weaving net, reed are slightd at least a in net, plastic deeping, nylon wire, fishing net.
Described feet is column type, or is the column type of cross section ovalize, or is triangular prism-shaped, or is the quadrangular type, or is the pentagonal prism type, or is the polygon prism type, or is the rounding bench-type.
Can also be enclosed with the plastics surface layer on described substrate top surface and feet; Also be provided with draw-in groove or the groove of installing for the floor heating pipe later stage at described feet root.
Be provided with anti-slip veins and/or tread plate at described substrate top surface and side, feet top and side.
A kind of preparation method of inorganic insulation template for floor heating thermostat comprises the following steps:
(1) the fixing basic mould that is complementary with described inorganic insulation template for floor heating thermostat shape is set, its bottom surface is provided with the groove for the described feet of moulding;
(2) grouting for the first time: in weight portion, get and stir into slurry after 20~70 parts of 30~100 parts of Binder Materials, 0~80 part of packing material, 0~4 part of filament, water are evenly mixed, put into Mold for Plastics bottom surface moulding levelling; Described packing material is at least a in fine sand, stone flour, pulverized slag, slag powders, flyash, perlite, haydite, glass microballoon, polyphenyl ball, powder of straw, sawdust, mineral wool, styrofoam, rock wool, asbestos friction material;
(3) grouting for the second time: first with 50~100 parts of Binder Materials, 0~40 part of packing material, 0~4 part of filament, 0~3 part of water reducer, 30~100 parts of mixing of water, stir, after adding again 0~3 part of 1~5 part of blowing agent, 0~5 part of foam stabilizer, accelerator to carry out the uniform stirring foaming, be cast on above-mentioned screed-coat, repave back-up coat, carry out floating receipts light, can apply as required the substrate base surface layer at last, also shouldn't this bottom surface layer; Described packing material is at least a in the materials such as fine sand, crushed crude pearlite, stone flour, pulverized slag, slag powders, flyash, haydite;
(4) the external stability mould is sloughed in natural curing 1~3 day under normal temperature, then puts that under normal temperature, the watering maintenance got final product in 3~7 days.
Described Binder Materials is portland cement, or is sulphate aluminium cement, or is ferrous aluminate cement, or magnesium oxychloride cement, or is gypsum.
In described step (3), substitute described blowing agent and foam stabilizer with the packing material replacing wholes of 2~40 parts or part, cast directly over after uniform stirring on above-mentioned screed-coat, described packing material is at least a in perlite, haydite, glass microballoon, polyphenyl ball, powder of straw, sawdust, mineral wool, styrofoam, rock wool, asbestos.
Substitute described step (2) and step (3) in following step: with weight portion, stir into slurry after getting 50~100 parts of sulphate aluminium cement or ferrous aluminate cements, 0~40 part of packing material, 0~4 part of filament, 0~5 part of foam stabilizer, 20~50 parts of even mixing of water, after adding again 1~5 part of hydrogen peroxide blowing agent to stir, injecting in mould makes slurries naturally expanded foamed under the effect of hydrogen peroxide, after foaming fully, but above-mentioned slip casting step one or many is completed, till filling with mould, wiping one's face on mould at last is closed flat.
substitute described step (2) and step (3) in following step: with weight portion, get 30~100 parts, magnesia (also being light burnt powder), Baume degrees is 20~60 parts of the magnesium chloride solutions of 22~36 Be °, 0~40 part of packing material, 0~4 part of filament, foam stabilizer stirs into slurry after 0~5 part of even mixing, after adding again 1~5 part of hydrogen peroxide blowing agent to stir, in the injection mould, make slurries naturally expanded foamed under the effect of hydrogen peroxide, after foaming fully, but above-mentioned slip casting step one or many is completed, till filling with mould, then spread back-up coat, wipe one's face on mould and be closed flat, can be covered with as required the substrate base surface layer at last, also can not apply this bottom surface layer.
Described blowing agent is any one in gum rosin blowing agent, useless animal hair infusion, animal (ox, sheep) keratoprotein blowing agent, synthetic class blowing agent.
Described foam stabilizer is any one in triethanolamine, polyethylene glycol, rhenocure CA, gelatin, gum arabic powder, polyacrylamide, neopelex, lauryl sodium sulfate, dodecyl sodium sulfate, α-sodium olefin sulfonate, alkylolamides; Described water reducer is any one in naphthalene water reducer, aliphatic water reducing agent, gluconic acid sodium salt, sodium lignin sulfonate, lignin sulfonic acid.
Blowing agent, foam stabilizer, water reducer are the main components of foam cement lightweight skeleton, all can buy on market.Blowing agent must possess makes slip form stability, countless sealings, bubble of uniform size, and bubble can not break before the cement initial set, can form the system that solid-liquid-the gas three coexists in finished product, these all determine choosing blowing agent and foam stabilizer.Also can be with materials such as perlite, haydite, polyphenyl ball, mineral wool, styrofoam, rock wool, asbestos friction materials in concrete practice single or mix and use and reach the effect of blowing agent and foam stabilizer.
Adding accelerator is the setting time that can accelerate Portland cement, if use repaid hardening sulphoaluminate cement, ferrous aluminate cement, magnesium oxychloride cement or gypsum, can save accelerator, and in the present invention, accelerator used is the commercially available prod.
Can also add metallic soap, paraffin, gelatin or silicone oil and make waterproofing agent when adding blowing agent, foam stabilizer water reducer and accelerator.To strengthen the water resistance of product.Add sodium methyl silicate, sodium ethylsiliconate or poly-ethyl hydroxyl siloxanes to cook activating agent, with the easy property of the work of refinforced cement.Their addition is respectively 1~2 part with respect to main material.
The present invention has actively useful effect:
1. the floor heater template of the present invention thermal insulation layer job specfication of laying, time-saving energy-saving; Use floor heater template of the present invention to lay the ground-heating heat-insulating layer and only need two procedures, lay floor heating module and floor heating pipe postpone groove location, standard the use rice number of floor heating pipe, and changed into the dried operation of direct laying module by the wet trade of conventional on-site pouring foam cement, reduced difficulty of construction, the standard construction program, thus greatly shortened the construction period; And the present invention is not limited to large-scale building site, more can benefit the small family of family, enlarges the penetration and promotion of energy-conservation environmental-protecting material.
2. the thermal insulation layer of floor heater template laying of the present invention alleviates the floor load, increases floor space: thermal insulating floor thickness can reduce 5cm with using module, and a levelling need not backfill.Can save a large amount of cement sandstones.By 10,000 m 3Calculate and save about 500 cubes of cement mortar, count roughly 1000 tons, save material and labour cost and estimate more than 300,000 yuan, simultaneously every 100m 2Building can increase 5m 3Solid space.
3. the thermal insulation layer environmental protection and energy saving of floor heater template laying of the present invention, heat radiation are evenly: the heat source temperature of radiator is 60~80 ℃.Module floor heating heat source temperature is 40~60 ℃, and the heat dissipation capacity of room Lay interval 30 ㎝ estimates it is 153W/ ㎡ on the sunny side, and (20 ℃ of indoor temperatures) is than radiator saving energy 42.5%; The standardization of pipe laying, templating, light bodyization have realized that again heat radiation evenly, has guaranteed radiating effect.
6. the thermal insulation layer sound-insulating and heat-insulating of floor heater template laying of the present invention does not expand: this floor heater template sound-insulating and heat-insulating effect is fine, and intensity is large, can not expand or shrink, and can therefore not make ground deformation.
7. the floor heater template of the present invention thermal insulation layer later stage easy maintenance of laying: because be that module combinations forms, do not add " backfill layer ", this makes in the later stage use procedure in case go wrong, convenience easy to maintenance, and the where is it problem is just changed that part.
8. floor heater template of the present invention can be realized batch production production, and quality is unified, quality guarantee, and the above reserves tube seat, need not when laying the ground-heating heat-insulating layer to add " backfill layer ", simplify the mounting technique difficulty, thereby quantitative criteria is conducive to foundation and the enforcement of industry standard.
Floor heater template production technology of the present invention simple, adopt natural curing, power consumption low.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of perspective view of inorganic insulation template for floor heating thermostat;
Fig. 2 is a kind of cross-sectional view of inorganic insulation template for floor heating thermostat;
Fig. 3 is inorganic insulation template for floor heating thermostat scheme of installation of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the planar structure schematic diagram of another kind of inorganic insulation template for floor heating thermostat;
Fig. 5 is the side view of Fig. 4.
In figure, 1 is substrate, and 2 is feet, 3 is bottom surface layer, and 4 is floating layer, and 5 is back-up coat, 6 is the inorganic material heat-insulation layer, and 7 is the plastics surface layer, and 8 is inorganic insulation template for floor heating thermostat, 9 is grounding heat coil tube, and 10 is the gap, and 11 is anti-slip veins, 12 is tread plate, 13 is the incline anti-slip veins, and 14 for the top is the feet of inverted round stage shape, and 15 is draw-in groove.
The specific embodiment
Further set forth the present invention below in conjunction with specific embodiment.Process in following embodiment if no special instructions, is conventional method; Raw material and reagent used in following embodiment if no special instructions, is commercially available.
Embodiment 1A kind of inorganic insulation template for floor heating thermostat, referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, comprise substrate 1, described substrate 1 comprises nonwoven bottom surface layer 3, floating layer 4, fiberglass gridding cloth back-up coat 5, inorganic material heat-insulation layer 6, be laid with the cylindric feet 2 of some on this substrate 1 end face, the top end of each feet at grade, and be provided with between each feet for the gap 10 of laying floor heating pipe, be provided with anti-slip veins 11 at the top of feet, substrate side surfaces is provided with incline anti-slip veins 13, and substrate top surface is distributed with tread plate 12.
The preparation method of above-mentioned inorganic insulation template for floor heating thermostat:
(1) the fixing basic mould that is complementary with the inorganic insulation template for floor heating thermostat shape is set, its bottom surface is provided with the groove that is used for forming cylinder type feet of arranging at a certain distance, and the plastics surface layer that is complementary at die bush, i.e. Mold for Plastics;
(2) Portland cement 20 ㎏, flyash 20 ㎏ and water 20 ㎏ are mixed, stir and make slurry, put into Mold for Plastics bottom surface moulding levelling;
(3) again Portland cement 60 ㎏, water 15 ㎏ and accelerator 0.6 ㎏ are stirred, by foaming machine, DF type blowing agent (Henan wall plate Co., Ltd produce) forever 2 ㎏ (blowing agent 2 ㎏ dilute with 50 ㎏ water) are foamed, be blended in cement mortar, add foam stabilizer polyvinyl alcohol 0.5 ㎏, stir again, water on the ground floor slurry, repave the last layer fiberglass gridding cloth, carry out floating receipts light, apply at last nonwoven;
(4) natural curing 3 days under normal temperature slough the external stability mould, then the maintenance of sprinkling water at normal temperatures got product in 7 days together with Mold for Plastics.
Use above-mentioned inorganic insulation template for floor heating thermostat to lay the ground-heating heat-insulating layer and only need two procedures, lay floor heating module and floor heating pipe postpone groove location, referring to Fig. 3, changed into the dried operation of direct laying module by the wet trade of conventional on-site pouring foam cement, reduced difficulty of construction, the standard construction program, thus greatly shortened the construction period.The overall characteristic contrast of laying the ground-heating heat-insulating layer with above-mentioned floor heating heat preservation template and benzene plate, foam cement sees Table 1.
Embodiment 2A kind of inorganic insulation template for floor heating thermostat, referring to Fig. 4, Fig. 5, comprise substrate 1, described substrate 1 comprises nonwoven bottom surface layer 3, floating layer 4, fiberglass gridding cloth back-up coat 5, inorganic material heat-insulation layer 6, the top that is laid with some on this substrate 1 end face is the feet 14 of inverted round stage shape, form draw-in groove 15 under the brim of a hat, the top end of each feet and is provided with gap 10 for the laying floor heating pipe at grade between each feet.
The preparation method of above-mentioned inorganic insulation template for floor heating thermostat:
(1) the fixing basic mould that is complementary with the inorganic insulation template for floor heating thermostat shape is set, its bottom surface is provided with the groove that is used for the moulding feet of arranging at a certain distance, each feet column top is the inverted round stage shape, and the plastics surface layer that is complementary at die bush, i.e. Mold for Plastics;
(2) Portland cement 20 ㎏, slag powders 20 ㎏ and water 20 ㎏ are mixed, stir and make slurry, put into Mold for Plastics bottom surface moulding levelling;
(3) again Portland cement 40 ㎏, flyash 20 ㎏, water 15 ㎏, perlite 1 ㎏, accelerator 0.6 ㎏ are stirred, by foaming machine, DF type blowing agent (Henan wall plate Co., Ltd produce) forever 1 ㎏ (blowing agent 1 ㎏ dilutes with 25 ㎏ water) is foamed, be blended in cement mortar, add foam stabilizer polyvinyl alcohol 0.25 ㎏, stir again, water on the ground floor slurry, repave the last layer fiberglass gridding cloth, carry out floating receipts light, apply at last nonwoven;
(4) natural curing 3 days under normal temperature slough the external stability mould, then the maintenance of sprinkling water at normal temperatures got product in 7 days together with Mold for Plastics.
Use above-mentioned ground heating floor only to need two procedures, lay floor heating module and floor heating pipe postpone groove location, referring to Fig. 3, changed into the dried operation of direct laying module by the wet trade of conventional on-site pouring foam cement, reduced difficulty of construction, the standard construction program, thus greatly shortened the construction period.
Embodiment 3A kind of inorganic insulation template for floor heating thermostat, comprise substrate, this substrate comprises floor heating reflectance coating ground floor, floating layer, nylon wire back-up coat, inorganic material heat-insulation layer, be laid with the regular triangular prism shape feet of some on this substrate top surface, the top end of each feet and is provided with between each feet for the gap of laying floor heating pipe at grade.
The preparation method of above-mentioned inorganic insulation template for floor heating thermostat:
(1) the fixing basic mould that is complementary with the inorganic insulation template for floor heating thermostat shape is set, its bottom surface is provided with the groove that is used for moulding regular triangular prism type feet of arranging at a certain distance, and the plastics surface layer that is complementary at die bush, i.e. Mold for Plastics;
(2) repaid hardening sulphoaluminate cement 20 ㎏, fine sand 20 ㎏ and water 18 ㎏ are mixed, stir and make slurry, put into Mold for Plastics bottom surface moulding levelling;
(3) again repaid hardening sulphoaluminate cement 40 ㎏, flyash 20 ㎏ and water 20 ㎏ are stirred, then add 3 ㎏ perlites, filament 2 ㎏, stir, water on the ground floor slurry, repave the last layer nylon wire, carry out floating receipts light, apply at last floor heating reflectance coating;
(4) the external stability mould is sloughed in natural curing 1 day under normal temperature, then puts that under normal temperature, the watering maintenance got product together with Mold for Plastics in 4 days.
Embodiment 4A kind of inorganic insulation template for floor heating thermostat, comprise substrate, this substrate comprises that brown paper bottom surface layer, floating layer, thin bamboo strips used for weaving net back-up coat, inorganic material are incubated the upper strata, be laid with the positive hexa-prism feet of some on this substrate top surface, the top end of each feet and is provided with between each feet for the gap of laying floor heating pipe at grade.
The preparation method of above-mentioned inorganic insulation template for floor heating thermostat:
(1) the fixing basic mould that is complementary with the inorganic insulation template for floor heating thermostat shape is set, its bottom surface is provided with the groove that is used for the positive six prismatic feets of moulding of arranging at a certain distance, and the plastics surface layer that is complementary at die bush, i.e. Mold for Plastics;
(2) ferrous aluminate cement 20 ㎏, pulverized slag 20 ㎏ and water 15 ㎏ are mixed, stir and make slurry, put into Mold for Plastics bottom surface moulding levelling;
(3) again ferrous aluminate cement 40 ㎏, haydite 20 ㎏ and water 20 ㎏ are stirred, add perlite 5 ㎏, silicone oil 1 ㎏, then stir, water on the ground floor slurry, repave last layer thin bamboo strips used for weaving net, carry out floating receipts light, apply at last brown paper;
(4) natural curing 1 day under normal temperature slough the external stability mould, then the maintenance of sprinkling water at normal temperatures got product in 5 days together with Mold for Plastics.
Embodiment 5A kind of inorganic insulation template for floor heating thermostat, comprise substrate, this substrate comprises that aluminium-foil paper bottom surface layer, floating layer, reed slight net back-up coat, inorganic material heat-insulation layer, be laid with the rounding bench-type feet of some on this substrate top surface, the top end of each feet and is provided with between each feet for the gap of laying floor heating pipe at grade.
The preparation method of above-mentioned inorganic insulation template for floor heating thermostat:
(1) the fixing basic mould that is complementary with the inorganic insulation template for floor heating thermostat shape is set, its bottom surface is provided with the groove that is used for moulding rounding bench-type feet of arranging at a certain distance, and the plastics surface layer that is complementary at die bush, i.e. Mold for Plastics;
(2) repaid hardening sulphoaluminate cement 20 ㎏, haydite 20 ㎏ and water 15 ㎏ are mixed, stir and make slurry, put into Mold for Plastics bottom surface moulding levelling;
(3) again repaid hardening sulphoaluminate cement 60 ㎏ and water 20 ㎏ are stirred, add hydrogen peroxide blowing agent 1 ㎏ fully to stir, the slurries that stir are watered on the ground floor slurry, mould is not filled, make slurries naturally expanded foamed under the effect of hydrogen peroxide, after foaming fully, wipe one's face on mould and be closed flat, the layer overlay reed is slightd net, carries out floating receipts light, applies at last aluminium-foil paper;
(4) natural curing 1 day under normal temperature slough the external stability mould, then maintenance at normal temperatures got product in 3 days together with Mold for Plastics.
Embodiment 6A kind of inorganic insulation template for floor heating thermostat, comprise substrate, this substrate comprises aluminium foil layer of cloth, floating layer, fishing net back-up coat, inorganic material heat-insulation layer, be laid with the four-prism type feet of some on this substrate top surface, the top end of each feet and is provided with between each feet for the gap of laying floor heating pipe at grade.
The preparation method of above-mentioned inorganic insulation template for floor heating thermostat:
(1) the fixing basic mould that is complementary with the inorganic insulation template for floor heating thermostat shape is set, its bottom surface is provided with the groove that is used for moulding four-prism type feet of arranging at a certain distance, and the plastics surface layer that is complementary at die bush, i.e. Mold for Plastics;
(2) magnesia 20 ㎏, powder of straw 15 ㎏ and magnesium chloride solution (Baume degrees is 27 Be °) 20 ㎏ stirrings are made slurry, put into Mold for Plastics bottom surface moulding levelling;
(3) again magnesia 60 ㎏ and magnesium chloride solution (Baume degrees is 27 Be °) 30 ㎏ are stirred, add blowing agent hydrogen peroxide 1.5 ㎏ to stir, the slurries that stir are watered on the ground floor slurry, mould is not filled, make slurries naturally expanded foamed under the effect of hydrogen peroxide, after foaming fully, wipe one's face on mould and be closed flat, the layer overlay fishing net carries out floating receipts light, applies at last aluminium foil cloth;
(4) natural curing 2 days under normal temperature slough the external stability mould, then maintenance at normal temperatures got product in 5 days together with Mold for Plastics.
Embodiment 7A kind of preparation method of inorganic insulation template for floor heating thermostat:
(1) the fixing basic mould that is complementary with the inorganic insulation template for floor heating thermostat shape is set, its bottom surface is provided with the groove that is used for forming cylinder type feet of arranging at a certain distance, feet periphery middle part is fluted, and the plastics surface layer that is complementary at die bush, i.e. Mold for Plastics;
(2) magnesia 100 ㎏ and magnesium chloride solution (Baume degrees is 27 Be °) 50 ㎏ are stirred, add blowing agent hydrogen peroxide 1.5 ㎏ to stir, the slurries that stir are poured in mould, mould is not filled, make slurries naturally expanded foamed under the effect of hydrogen peroxide, after foaming fully, wipe one's face on mould and be closed flat, the layer overlay rock wool carries out floating receipts light, applies at last aluminium foil cloth;
(4) natural curing 2 days under normal temperature slough the external stability mould, then maintenance at normal temperatures got product in 7 days together with Mold for Plastics.
Embodiment 8A kind of preparation method of inorganic insulation template for floor heating thermostat:
(1) the fixing basic mould that is complementary with the inorganic insulation template for floor heating thermostat shape is set, its bottom surface be provided with arrange at a certain distance be used for forming cylinder type feet, and middle part, feet periphery is fluted;
(2) magnesia 70 ㎏, flyash 30 ㎏ and magnesium chloride solution (Baume degrees is 27 Be °) 50 ㎏ are stirred, add 2 kilograms, blowing agent hydrogen peroxide to stir, the slurries that stir are poured in mould, mould is not filled, make slurries naturally expanded foamed under the effect of hydrogen peroxide, after foaming fully, wipe one's face on mould and be closed flat, the layer overlay plastic deeping carries out floating receipts light, applies at last aluminium-foil paper;
(4) natural curing 2 days under normal temperature slough the external stability mould, then maintenance at normal temperatures got product in 6 days.
Embodiment 9A kind of preparation method of inorganic insulation template for floor heating thermostat:
(1) the fixing basic mould that is complementary with the inorganic insulation template for floor heating thermostat shape (as the feet that is used for moulding four-prism type of arranging at a certain distance) is set;
(2) ferrous aluminate cement 20 ㎏, stone flour 20 ㎏ and water 15 ㎏ are mixed, stir and make slurry, put into bottom mould;
(3) again ferrous aluminate cement 60 ㎏ and water 25 ㎏ are stirred, add polyphenyl ball 2 ㎏, then stir, water on the ground floor slurry, repave the last layer mineral wool, carry out floating receipts light, apply at last aluminium-foil paper;
(4) natural curing is 3 days, sloughs outer mold, then the maintenance of sprinkling water at normal temperatures got product in 5 days.
Although above the present invention is described in detail with a general description of the specific embodiments, on basis of the present invention, can make some modifications or improvements it, this will be apparent to those skilled in the art.Therefore, these modifications or improvements, all belong to the scope of protection of present invention without departing from theon the basis of the spirit of the present invention.
Table 1 is laid the overall characteristic contrast of ground-heating heat-insulating layer with floor heating heat preservation template of the present invention and benzene plate, foam cement
Benzene plate thermal insulation layer The foam cement thermal insulation layer The embodiment of the present invention 1
Construction Row establishes evenly and varies with each individual, and arrangement can't standardization row be established floor heating pipe, easily causes and uses inferior materials and turns out substandard goods, and heat radiation is difficult to evenly The comb operation is with the benzene plate Must be according to fixing module draw-in groove tubing when executing fourth, standard the use rice number of floor heating pipe, make construction standardization, guaranteed radiating effect.
Efficient 2 people install 200 m every day 3, need to lay, tie up through benzene plate, aluminium-foil paper, floor heating pipeline the operations such as a location, be subjected to seasonal effect large. With the benzene plate Only have two procedures, 2 people can install 500m every day 3The left and right is not subjected to seasonal effect.
Load Necessary backfill, backfill layer is 4cm at least, and building bearing strengthens With the benzene plate, more rebuild than benzene plate and build supporting power Need not backfill, by 10,000 m 3Calculate and save about 400 cubes of cement mortar, count roughly 700 tons
Protection Backfill cement together with the floor heating plastic tube is built, because of ground deformation, water temperature is high or ground on load-bearing overweight, easily tubing breaks With the benzene plate Module has the protection pillar, fills insulation sand around floor heating pipe, can bear the ground weight or because of other external force fluctuating stresses, avoid floor heating pipe is damaged:
The space Benzene plate 2cm, backfill 4cm, floor leveling 3cm Foam cement 4cm, backfill 4cm Module thickness 3.5cm, floor leveling 3cm saves space 2~3cm,
Intensity Extremely low 1.1~2 kg/cm of the intensity of benzene plate 2, very easily distortion 8~40 kg/cm 2, the on-the-spot cement foamed quality utmost point is difficult to ensure card Because of batch production, standardized production. stabilize to 60kg/cm 2Above
Density Benzene plate density is low 〉=33kg/m 3Good heat insulating 400~600 kg/m 3On-the-spot cement foamed, heat insulation effect is unstable Because of batch production, standardized production, stabilize to 400kg/cm 3, the heat insulation effect of assurance material
Thermal conductivity factor 0.042W/mk after placing concrete, the thick styrofoam of 2cm is not enough 1cm unexpectedly at last, weakens at double thermal conductivity 0.06~0.09 W/mk, on-the-spot cement foamed, the thermal conductivity factor utmost point is difficult to ensure card Because of batch production, standardized production, thermal conductivity factor stabilizes to 0.055 W/mk
Construction property The room is polluted in the wet type floor heating, the lower floor of easily leaking, and can not construct winter. With the benzene plate The room is not polluted in the environment-protection dry type floor heating, and is water-tight, is not subjected to seasonal effect, four seasons raised path between farm fields construction
The maintenance characteristic Floor heating pipe and backfill cement are directly built and are become one, can't detachable maintaining With the benzene plate Detachable maintenance
Bearing capacity Bearing capacity is low, and ground is if any the weight point, and heating coil oppressively, easily cause the floor heating pipe distortion, break for a long time Bearing strength 1.2Mpa Bearing strength can reach 6Mpa, more can not ftracture because of ballast
Heating-up time Fuel factor is very slow, and the heating-up time is very long, generally needs 6~8 hours. With the benzene plate Fuel factor is very fast, general 1~3 hour heating-up time, and radiator is suitable.
Durability After under 60 ℃ of environments for use 6 years, the benzene plate can aging becoming fragile, and can't support ground weight, the surface subsidence crack occurs Same template 50 years shelf-lifves, identical with building life, indeformable.
Slabbing Can cause the crack when becoming the benzene plate construction of piece, and ground there is free paddy phenomenon, easily cracks Same template Finished product is laid, and does not produce and splits
Sound insulation value Because benzene plate density is too low, surface layer is trampled and can be produced the sound in cavity Same template Whole soundproof effect is good, and sound absorbing power can reach 0.09~0.19%
Construction quality Heat insulation layer divides several different material layer plies, can not become as a whole, is difficult for ensuring the quality of products Same template Heat insulation layer and packed layer are all cement products, have identical service life, and quality is guaranteed

Claims (7)

1. inorganic insulation template for floor heating thermostat, comprise substrate, it is characterized in that, described substrate comprises inorganic material heat-insulation layer, back-up coat, floating layer at least, be laid with the feet of some on this substrate top surface, the top end of each feet and is provided with between each feet for the gap of laying floor heating pipe at grade; Also be provided with bottom surface layer under the floating layer of described substrate, this bottom surface layer is that any one material in floor heating reflectance coating, brown paper, aluminium-foil paper, aluminium foil cloth, nonwoven is made; Also be enclosed with the plastics surface layer on described substrate top surface, side and feet; Also be provided with draw-in groove or the groove of installing for the floor heating pipe later stage at described feet root; The preparation method of described inorganic insulation template for floor heating thermostat comprises the following steps:
(1) the fixing basic mould that is complementary with described inorganic insulation template for floor heating thermostat shape is set, its bottom surface is provided with the groove for the described feet of moulding;
(2) grouting for the first time: in weight portion, get and stir into slurry after 20~40 parts of 30~100 parts of Binder Materials, 0~80 part of packing material, 0~4 part of filament, water are evenly mixed, put into Mold for Plastics bottom surface moulding levelling; Described packing material is at least a in fine sand, stone flour, pulverized slag, slag powders, flyash, perlite, haydite, glass microballoon, polyphenyl ball, powder of straw, sawdust, mineral wool, styrofoam, rock wool, asbestos friction material;
(3) grouting for the second time: first with 50~100 parts of Binder Materials, 0~40 part of packing material, 0~4 part of filament, 0~3 part of water reducer, 30~50 parts of mixing of water, stir, after adding again 0~3 part of 1~5 part of blowing agent, 0~5 part of foam stabilizer, accelerator to carry out the uniform stirring foaming, be cast on above-mentioned screed-coat, repave back-up coat, carry out floating receipts light, apply at last the substrate base surface layer; Described packing material is at least a in the materials such as fine sand, crushed crude pearlite, stone flour, pulverized slag, slag powders, flyash, haydite;
(4) the external stability mould is sloughed in natural curing 1~3 day under normal temperature, then puts that under normal temperature, the watering maintenance got final product in 3~7 days.
2. inorganic insulation template for floor heating thermostat according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described back-up coat is that glass fibre, mineral wool, rock wool, fibrous mesh cloth, thin bamboo strips used for weaving net, reed are slightd at least a in net, plastic deeping, nylon wire, fishing net; Described feet is column type, or is the column type of cross section ovalize, or is triangular prism-shaped, or is the quadrangular type, or is the pentagonal prism type, or is the polygon prism type, or is the rounding bench-type.
3. inorganic insulation template for floor heating thermostat according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described Binder Materials is portland cement, or be sulphate aluminium cement, or be ferrous aluminate cement, or be magnesium oxychloride cement, or be gypsum.
4. inorganic insulation template for floor heating thermostat according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, in described step (3), partly or entirely replace described blowing agent and foam stabilizer with the packing materials of 2~40 parts, cast directly over after uniform stirring on above-mentioned screed-coat, described packing material is at least a in perlite, haydite, glass microballoon, polyphenyl ball, powder of straw, sawdust, mineral wool, styrofoam, rock wool, asbestos.
5. inorganic insulation template for floor heating thermostat according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, substitute described step (2) and step (3) in following step: with weight portion, get 50~100 parts of sulphate aluminium cement or ferrous aluminate cements, 0~70 part of packing material, 0~4 part of filament, 0~5 part of foam stabilizer, water stirs into slurry after 20~50 parts of even mixing, after adding again 1~5 part of hydrogen peroxide blowing agent to stir, injecting in mould makes slurries naturally expanded foamed under the effect of hydrogen peroxide, after foaming fully, but above-mentioned slip casting step one or many is completed, till filling with mould, then spread back-up coat, wipe one's face thereon again and be closed flat, being covered with as required at last the substrate ground floor gets final product.
6. inorganic insulation template for floor heating thermostat according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, substitute described step (2) and step (3) in following step: with weight portion, get 30~100 parts, magnesia, Baume degrees is 20~60 parts of the magnesium chloride solutions of 22~36 Be °, 0~70 part of packing material, 0~4 part of filament, foam stabilizer stirs into slurry after 0~5 part of even mixing, after adding again 1~5 part of hydrogen peroxide blowing agent to stir, in the injection mould, make slurries naturally expanded foamed under the effect of hydrogen peroxide, after foaming fully, but above-mentioned slip casting step one or many is completed, till filling with mould, then spread back-up coat, wipe one's face thereon again and be closed flat, be covered with as required at last the substrate ground floor.
7. inorganic insulation template for floor heating thermostat according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described blowing agent is any one in gum rosin blowing agent, useless animal hair infusion, animal cutin protein foaming agent, synthetic class blowing agent; Described foam stabilizer is any one in triethanolamine, polyethylene glycol, rhenocure CA, gelatin, gum arabic powder, polyacrylamide, neopelex, lauryl sodium sulfate, dodecyl sodium sulfate, α-sodium olefin sulfonate, alkylolamides; Described water reducer is any one in naphthalene water reducer, aliphatic water reducing agent, gluconic acid sodium salt, sodium lignin sulfonate, lignin sulfonic acid.
CN 201110075320 2011-03-28 2011-03-28 Inorganic floor heating heat preservation template and preparation method thereof Expired - Fee Related CN102183058B (en)

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