CN102183023A - Drying machine for garbage before incineration for power generation - Google Patents

Drying machine for garbage before incineration for power generation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102183023A
CN102183023A CN2011101005070A CN201110100507A CN102183023A CN 102183023 A CN102183023 A CN 102183023A CN 2011101005070 A CN2011101005070 A CN 2011101005070A CN 201110100507 A CN201110100507 A CN 201110100507A CN 102183023 A CN102183023 A CN 102183023A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
drying
exhaust duct
cabinet
conveyer belt
fluorescent tube
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2011101005070A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王兆进
Original Assignee
王兆进
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Application filed by 王兆进 filed Critical 王兆进
Priority to CN2011101005070A priority Critical patent/CN102183023A/en
Publication of CN102183023A publication Critical patent/CN102183023A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E20/00Combustion technologies with mitigation potential
    • Y02E20/12Heat utilisation in combustion or incineration of waste

Abstract

The invention discloses a drying machine for garbage before incineration for power generation. The position of a discharging end (4) of a conveying system is higher that that of a charging end (2); one end of a lifting mechanism (3) is connected with the charging end (2); the other end of the lifting mechanism (3) is connected with the discharging end (4) after being inclined upwards; a drying device is arranged above the lifting mechanism (3); a fan (6) is connected to the drying device; a drying system of a heating system is located in a machine box (7); the discharging end (4) is higher than the drying system at the upper layer; a charging opening (8) is arranged at the upper end of one side of the machine box (7); the discharging end (4) is located in the charging opening (8) of the machine box (7); a discharging opening (9) is arranged at the lower end of the other side of the machine box (7); conveying devices and drying equipment opposite to each other are respectively arranged at the upper part and the lower part of the drying system at each layer; the discharging end of the conveying device of a bottom drying system is located at the discharging opening (9); a hot air circulating system is connected to each drying system.

Description

Dryer before a kind of waste incineration and generating electricity
Technical field
The present invention relates to the preceding dryer of a kind of waste incineration and generating electricity.
Background technology
Can produce a large amount of rubbish every day in the city at present, these rubbish have brought a large amount of environmental pollutions, therefore waste incineration is used for generating electricity and has become the trend of international development, yet contain a large amount of moisture in these rubbish, moisture content is up to about 50%, and it is difficult burning to occur, and heat is low, it is high to burn power consumption, so low temperature drying has become the task of top priority before the waste incineration and generating electricity.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides the dryer before a kind of waste incineration and generating electricity, it can be no more than under 100 ℃ the cryogenic conditions, with the baking of the moisture content in the rubbish to below 20%, thereby make rubbish easier burning in incinerator, it is lower consume energy, generation heat energy is higher.
The present invention has adopted following technical scheme: the dryer before a kind of waste incineration and generating electricity, it comprises induction system, heating system and hot air circulating system, described induction system comprises the filler pond, the material loading end, hoisting mechanism and blanking end, the position of blanking end is higher than the material loading end, one end of hoisting mechanism is connected with the material loading end, after being inclined upwardly, the other end of hoisting mechanism is connected with the blanking end, above hoisting mechanism, be provided with drying unit, on drying unit, be connected with blower fan, described heating system comprises cabinet and several layers drying system, drying system is positioned at cabinet, the drying system of each layer is distributed in the cabinet from top to bottom, the blanking end is higher than the drying system on upper strata, the upper end of one side of cabinet is provided with charging aperture, the blanking end is positioned at the charging aperture of cabinet, the lower end of cabinet opposite side is provided with discharging opening, the upper and lower of every layer drying system is respectively equipped with conveying device and drying plant, drying plant is relative with conveying device, the discharge end of the conveying device of bottom drying system is positioned at the discharging opening place, is connected with hot air circulating system on each drying system.
Described material loading end is set to parallel conveyer belt I with the blanking end.Described drying unit includes exhaust duct I and radiant baking lamp, the radiant baking lamp is arranged on the outer surface of exhaust duct relative with hoisting mechanism, the air outlet of described blower fan is connected with the air inlet place of exhaust duct I, the air outlet of exhaust duct I is distributed on the exhaust duct I, and the air outlet of exhaust duct I is relative with hoisting mechanism.Described hoisting mechanism is set to conveyer belt II.Described heating system comprises the upper strata drying system from top to bottom, middle level drying system and lower floor's drying system, the upper strata drying system, the conveying device of middle level drying system and lower floor's drying system is set to the upper strata conveyer belt respectively, middle level conveyer belt and conveying belt of lower floor, conveying belt of lower floor is longer than the middle level conveyer belt, the middle level conveyer belt is longer than the upper strata conveyer belt, the upper strata conveyer belt, middle level conveyer belt and conveying belt of lower floor are " S " from top to bottom and arrange, the drying plant of upper strata drying system comprises exhaust duct II, on exhaust duct II, be provided with fluorescent tube I, fluorescent tube I is relative with the upper strata conveyer belt, the drying plant of middle level drying system comprises exhaust duct III, on exhaust duct III, be provided with fluorescent tube II, fluorescent tube II is relative with the middle level conveyer belt, the drying plant of lower floor's drying system comprises exhaust duct IV, on exhaust duct IV, be provided with fluorescent tube III, fluorescent tube III is relative with conveying belt of lower floor, hot air circulating system comprises three circulating fans, three circulating fans are positioned at the bottom of cabinet, one air port of three circulating fans all with in the cabinet communicates by airduct I, and another air port of three circulating fans is respectively by airduct II, airduct III, airduct IV and exhaust duct II, exhaust duct III and exhaust duct IV communicate.Described fluorescent tube I, fluorescent tube II and fluorescent tube III are set to the medium wave infrared lamp.One air port of described three circulating fans is provided with screen pack by the junction that airduct I is connected with cabinet.Accompany the insulation interlayer in each boxboard of described cabinet.The top of described cabinet is provided with the waste discharge blower fan.
The present invention has following beneficial effect: the present invention is provided with induction system, heating system and hot air circulating system, rubbish before it will burn is transported to by conveying device and carries out heating, drying in the heating system, like this can be under being no more than 100 ℃ cryogenic conditions with the baking of the water content in the rubbish to below 20%, rubbish easier burning in incinerator like this, greatly reduce the energy when burning, and the heat energy that produces is higher.Be provided with the drying system of multilayer in the heating system of the present invention, each drying system from top to bottom is provided with, and rubbish is constantly overturn, and makes oven dry more even, and is more thorough.The present invention is provided with hot air circulating system, and the heat that drying system can be distributed recycles like this, reduces the loss of heat, and energy efficient improves drying effect.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present invention
The specific embodiment
In Fig. 1, the present invention is the dryer before a kind of waste incineration and generating electricity, it comprises induction system, heating system and hot air circulating system, described induction system comprises filler pond 1, material loading end 2, hoisting mechanism 3 and blanking end 4, material loading end 2 is set to parallel conveyer belt I with blanking end 4, the position of blanking end 4 is higher than material loading end 2, hoisting mechanism 3 is set to conveyer belt II, one end of hoisting mechanism 3 is connected with material loading end 2, after being inclined upwardly, the other end of hoisting mechanism 3 is connected with blanking end 4, above hoisting mechanism 3, be provided with drying unit, drying unit includes exhaust duct I 5 and radiant baking lamp 10, radiant baking lamp 10 is arranged on the outer surface of exhaust duct 5 relative with hoisting mechanism 3, on drying unit, be connected with blower fan 6, the air outlet of blower fan 6 is connected with the air inlet place of exhaust duct I 5, the air outlet of exhaust duct I 5 is distributed on the exhaust duct I 5, the air outlet of exhaust duct I 5 is relative with hoisting mechanism 3, heating system comprises cabinet 7 and several layers drying system, accompany the insulation interlayer in each boxboard of cabinet 7, the top of cabinet 7 is provided with waste discharge blower fan 23, blanking end 4 is higher than the drying system on upper strata, the upper end of one side of cabinet 7 is provided with charging aperture 8, blanking end 4 is positioned at the charging aperture 8 of cabinet 7, the lower end of cabinet 7 opposite sides is provided with discharging opening 9, drying system is positioned at cabinet 7, the top of every layer drying system and bottom are respectively equipped with conveying device and drying plant, drying plant is relative with conveying device, the discharge end of the conveying device of bottom drying system is positioned at discharging opening 9 places, the drying system of each layer from top to bottom is distributed in the cabinet 7, the heating system of present embodiment comprises the upper strata drying system from top to bottom, middle level drying system and lower floor's drying system, the upper strata drying system, the conveying device of middle level drying system and lower floor's drying system is set to upper strata conveyer belt 11 respectively, middle level conveyer belt 12 and conveying belt of lower floor 13, conveying belt of lower floor 13 is longer than middle level conveyer belt 12, middle level conveyer belt 12 is longer than upper strata conveyer belt 11, upper strata conveyer belt 11, middle level conveyer belt 12 and conveying belt of lower floor 13 are " S " from top to bottom and arrange, the drying plant of upper strata drying system comprises exhaust duct II 14, on exhaust duct II 15, be provided with fluorescent tube I 16, fluorescent tube I 16 is relative with upper strata conveyer belt 11, the drying plant of middle level drying system comprises exhaust duct III 17, on exhaust duct III 17, be provided with fluorescent tube II 18, fluorescent tube II 18 is relative with middle level conveyer belt 12, the drying plant of lower floor's drying system comprises exhaust duct IV19, on exhaust duct IV19, be provided with fluorescent tube III20, fluorescent tube III 20 is relative with conveying belt of lower floor 13, fluorescent tube I 16, fluorescent tube II 18 and fluorescent tube III 20 are set to the medium wave infrared lamp, on each drying system, be connected with hot air circulating system, hot air circulating system comprises three circulating fans 21, three circulating fans 21 are positioned at the bottom of cabinet 7, one air port of three circulating fans 21 all with in the cabinet 7 communicates by airduct I 22, one air port of three circulating fans 21 is provided with screen pack by airduct I 22 with the junction that cabinet 7 is connected, and another air port of three circulating fans 21 is respectively by airduct II 23, airduct III 24, airduct IV25 and exhaust duct II 14, exhaust duct III 17 and exhaust duct IV19 communicate.

Claims (9)

1. the dryer before the waste incineration and generating electricity, it is characterized in that it comprises induction system, heating system and hot air circulating system, described induction system comprises filler pond (1), material loading end (2), hoisting mechanism (3) and blanking end (4), the position of blanking end (4) is higher than material loading end (2), one end of hoisting mechanism (3) is connected with material loading end (2), after being inclined upwardly, the other end of hoisting mechanism (3) is connected with blanking end (4), be provided with drying unit in hoisting mechanism (3) top, on drying unit, be connected with blower fan (6), described heating system comprises cabinet (7) and several layers drying system, drying system is positioned at cabinet (7), the drying system of each layer from top to bottom is distributed in the cabinet (7), blanking end (4) is higher than the drying system on upper strata, the upper end of one side of cabinet (7) is provided with charging aperture (8), blanking end (4) is positioned at the charging aperture (8) of cabinet (7), the lower end of cabinet (7) opposite side is provided with discharging opening (9), the upper and lower of every layer drying system is respectively equipped with conveying device and drying plant, drying plant is relative with conveying device, the discharge end of the conveying device of bottom drying system is positioned at discharging opening (9) to be located, and is connected with hot air circulating system on each drying system.
2. the dryer before the waste incineration and generating electricity according to claim 1 is characterized in that described material loading end (2) is set to parallel conveyer belt I with blanking end (4).
3. the dryer before the waste incineration and generating electricity according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described drying unit includes exhaust duct I (5) and radiant baking lamp (10), radiant baking lamp (10) is arranged on the outer surface of exhaust duct (5) relative with hoisting mechanism (3), the air outlet of described blower fan (6) is connected with the air inlet place of exhaust duct I (5), the air outlet of exhaust duct I (5) is distributed on the exhaust duct I (5), and the air outlet of exhaust duct I (5) is relative with hoisting mechanism (3).
4. according to the dryer before claim 1 or the 3 described waste incineration and generating electricities, it is characterized in that described hoisting mechanism (3) is set to conveyer belt II.
5. the dryer before the waste incineration and generating electricity according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described heating system comprises the upper strata drying system from top to bottom, middle level drying system and lower floor's drying system, the upper strata drying system, the conveying device of middle level drying system and lower floor's drying system is set to upper strata conveyer belt (11) respectively, middle level conveyer belt (12) and conveying belt of lower floor (13), conveying belt of lower floor (13) is longer than middle level conveyer belt (12), middle level conveyer belt (12) is longer than upper strata conveyer belt (11), upper strata conveyer belt (11), middle level conveyer belt (12) and conveying belt of lower floor (13) are " S " from top to bottom and arrange, the drying plant of upper strata drying system comprises exhaust duct II (14), on exhaust duct II (15), be provided with fluorescent tube I (16), fluorescent tube I (16) is relative with upper strata conveyer belt (11), the drying plant of middle level drying system comprises exhaust duct III (17), on exhaust duct III (17), be provided with fluorescent tube II (18), fluorescent tube II (18) is relative with middle level conveyer belt (12), the drying plant of lower floor's drying system comprises exhaust duct IV (19), on exhaust duct IV (19), be provided with fluorescent tube III (20), fluorescent tube III (20) is relative with conveying belt of lower floor (13), hot air circulating system comprises three circulating fans (21), three circulating fans (21) are positioned at the bottom of cabinet (7), one air port of three circulating fans (21) all with in the cabinet (7) communicates by airduct I (22), and another air port of three circulating fans (21) is respectively by airduct II (23), airduct III (24), airduct IV (25) and exhaust duct II (14), exhaust duct III (17) and exhaust duct IV (19) communicate.
6. the dryer before the waste incineration and generating electricity according to claim 5 is characterized in that described fluorescent tube I (16), fluorescent tube II (18) and fluorescent tube III (20) are set to the medium wave infrared lamp.
7. the dryer before the waste incineration and generating electricity according to claim 5 is characterized in that an air port of described three circulating fans (21) is provided with screen pack by airduct I (22) with the junction that cabinet (7) is connected.
8. the dryer before the waste incineration and generating electricity according to claim 5 is characterized in that accompanying the insulation interlayer in each boxboard of described cabinet (7).
9. the dryer before the waste incineration and generating electricity according to claim 5 is characterized in that the top of described cabinet (7) is provided with waste discharge blower fan (15).
CN2011101005070A 2011-04-15 2011-04-15 Drying machine for garbage before incineration for power generation Pending CN102183023A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011101005070A CN102183023A (en) 2011-04-15 2011-04-15 Drying machine for garbage before incineration for power generation

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011101005070A CN102183023A (en) 2011-04-15 2011-04-15 Drying machine for garbage before incineration for power generation

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102183023A true CN102183023A (en) 2011-09-14

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CN2011101005070A Pending CN102183023A (en) 2011-04-15 2011-04-15 Drying machine for garbage before incineration for power generation

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102524925A (en) * 2011-12-29 2012-07-04 广东中烟工业有限责任公司 Pipeline heating structure for air flow drier
CN102853642A (en) * 2012-08-13 2013-01-02 王兆进 Novel air circulating system for multilayer drier

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1729506B1 (en) * 1967-09-28 1972-03-23 Ronceray Andree Jacqueline Lau Conveyor and ventilation device for molding sand or the like.
CN2413245Y (en) * 2000-02-24 2001-01-03 常州市第二干燥设备厂 Multi-layer belt drying machine
CN201014905Y (en) * 2007-02-09 2008-01-30 王明根 Multi-layer belt type drying machine
CN201266007Y (en) * 2008-08-21 2009-07-01 温州大学 Continuous microwave hot wind combined drying equipment
KR100983853B1 (en) * 2009-08-11 2010-09-28 양영진 Sludge drying furnace
CN202101249U (en) * 2011-04-15 2012-01-04 王兆进 Dryer for waste before being incinerated for power generation

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1729506B1 (en) * 1967-09-28 1972-03-23 Ronceray Andree Jacqueline Lau Conveyor and ventilation device for molding sand or the like.
CN2413245Y (en) * 2000-02-24 2001-01-03 常州市第二干燥设备厂 Multi-layer belt drying machine
CN201014905Y (en) * 2007-02-09 2008-01-30 王明根 Multi-layer belt type drying machine
CN201266007Y (en) * 2008-08-21 2009-07-01 温州大学 Continuous microwave hot wind combined drying equipment
KR100983853B1 (en) * 2009-08-11 2010-09-28 양영진 Sludge drying furnace
CN202101249U (en) * 2011-04-15 2012-01-04 王兆进 Dryer for waste before being incinerated for power generation

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102524925A (en) * 2011-12-29 2012-07-04 广东中烟工业有限责任公司 Pipeline heating structure for air flow drier
CN102853642A (en) * 2012-08-13 2013-01-02 王兆进 Novel air circulating system for multilayer drier

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Application publication date: 20110914