CN102182974A - Wind energy, solar energy and wind-solar complementary hydrogen energy power generation, storage and supply light emitting diode (LED) lighting system - Google Patents

Wind energy, solar energy and wind-solar complementary hydrogen energy power generation, storage and supply light emitting diode (LED) lighting system Download PDF

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CN102182974A
CN102182974A CN2011100620640A CN201110062064A CN102182974A CN 102182974 A CN102182974 A CN 102182974A CN 2011100620640 A CN2011100620640 A CN 2011100620640A CN 201110062064 A CN201110062064 A CN 201110062064A CN 102182974 A CN102182974 A CN 102182974A
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hydrogen
wind
solar
power
energy
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张建洲
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张建洲
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/30Hydrogen technology
    • Y02E60/36Hydrogen production from non-carbon containing sources
    • Y02E60/366Hydrogen production from non-carbon containing sources by electrolysis of water
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E70/00Other energy conversion or management systems reducing GHG emissions
    • Y02E70/10Hydrogen from electrolysis with energy of non-fossil origin, e.g. PV, wind power, nuclear
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P20/00Technologies relating to chemical industry
    • Y02P20/10General improvement of production processes causing greenhouse gases [GHG] emissions
    • Y02P20/12Energy input
    • Y02P20/133Renewable energy sources
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P20/00Technologies relating to chemical industry
    • Y02P20/10General improvement of production processes causing greenhouse gases [GHG] emissions
    • Y02P20/12Energy input
    • Y02P20/133Renewable energy sources
    • Y02P20/134Sunlight

Abstract

The invention discloses a wind energy, solar energy and wind-solar complementary hydrogen energy power generation, storage and supply light emitting diode (LED) lighting system. The system comprises a wind driven generator and/or a solar photovoltaic battery plate, a hydrogen energy water electrolysis hydrogen generator, a hydrogen storage device, a hydrogen energy power generation device and an electric control system, wherein a power output end of the wind driven generator and/or the solar photovoltaic battery plate is divided into a first power supply branch and a second power supply branch; the first power supply branch directly supplies power for LED lighting; the second power supply branch is provided for the hydrogen energy water electrolysis hydrogen generator; and a hydrogen output end of the hydrogen energy water electrolysis hydrogen generator is connected with the hydrogen storage device; and an output end of the hydrogen storage device is connected with a hydrogen energy power generation device; and a power output end of the hydrogen energy power generation device then supplies power for the LED lighting. Through the system, the problems of storage and synchronization of solar power generation and wind power generation can be solved; and an independent off-grid power supply system, namely a distributed micro grid system, can also be constructed.

Description

风能、太阳能和风光互补氢能源发电储电供电LED照明系 Wind, solar and wind and solar power electric storage Hydrogen-powered LED lighting system

Commission

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及自然能源发电技术领域,特别是涉及使用风能发电和/或太阳能发电供电和氢能源存储电能的独立离网LED照明微电网系统。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of natural energy power generation technologies, particularly to the use of wind power and / or solar power, and hydrogen energy storage power supply independent from the micro-grid network LED lighting system.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 全球变暖速度正在加快,为防止温室效应带来的严重后果,世界各国已行动起来积极采取相应措施。 [0002] Global warming is accelerating, in order to prevent the serious consequences brought about by the greenhouse effect, the world has to act to actively take corresponding measures.

[0003] 我国政府本着对人类、对地球负责的态度,在2009年11月哥本哈根会议上作出承诺:到2020年国内单位生产总值二氧化碳排放将比2005年下降40% -45% ;这意味着未来十年中国将进入一个倒计时的强制性的节能减排行动中,限电拉间,各级政府节能减排的任务迫在眉睫。 [0003] the Chinese government the spirit of humanity, the earth and responsible attitude, committed in November 2009 in Copenhagen: 2020 domestic carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP than in 2005 dropped 40% -45%; this means the next decade China will enter a countdown of mandatory energy conservation actions, among brownouts pull, energy saving task all levels of government is imminent. 以风能太阳能为代表的清洁可再生能源应用无疑是节能减排的目标和方向,太阳能和风能是一个取之不尽用之不竭的免费能源;但太阳能的大规模应用因为目前代价太高似乎还没有找到应用的突破口。 With wind and solar as the representative of clean and renewable energy applications is undoubtedly the goals and direction of energy conservation, solar and wind energy is an inexhaustible free energy; but large-scale application of solar energy because there seems to be too expensive a breakthrough application has not been found.

[0004] 据统计,2008年我国总用电量为34268亿千瓦时,照明用电4110亿度(约占总用电量的13% ),其中:户外照明1460亿度(约占照明用电量的35. 5% ),室内照明沈50亿度。 [0004] According to statistics, in 2008 China's total electricity consumption of 3.4268 trillion kwh, electricity for lighting 411 billion degrees (about 13% of total electricity consumption), of which: outdoor lighting 146 billion level (electricity for lighting accounts for about the amount of 35.5%), indoor lighting sink 50 million degrees. 我们对户外照明路灯用电的节能减排进行如下简单分析:2008年中国已经安装的路灯大约有2亿盏(且每年以增长2000盏的速度递增)。 We conducted the following simple analysis of Outdoor Lighting electricity energy saving: In 2008 China has installed about 200 million street (and the annual rate of growth in 2000 increments). 假设路灯的平均功率大约是200瓦, 假定每天开启时间为10小时,那么每天就是2度电,365天就是730度电,2亿盏就是1460 亿度电。 Assuming that the average power lights about 200 watts, assuming that time is open 10 hours a day, then that is 2 kWh of electricity a day, 365 days is 730 kWh, 200 million to 1460 million kWh of electricity.

[0005] 如果这些路灯在2013年前全部改造成太阳能LED路灯、不需要再从市电进行供电,那么我们等于节电1460亿度。 [0005] If all these lights in 2013 transformed into solar LED lights, do not need to be powered from the mains, then we are equal to the energy-saving 146 billion degrees. 而中国最大的水电站长江三峡水电站的沈台机组完全投产以后每年的发电量才847亿度电(况且经常不能满负荷运转)。 And after Shen generating units of the Three Gorges Hydropower Station, China's largest hydropower station fully operational annual generating capacity was 84.7 billion kWh of electricity (besides often can not operate at full capacity). 所以,全国所有路灯用电量大于2个三峡电站的发电量,这决不是一个小数字,要知道三峡工程加上输配电工程总投资超过2200亿元,而且还有一百多万的移民问题,再加上对生态环境很多不可预测的后果。 So, all the national street to two large electricity generating capacity of the Three Gorges power station, which is by no means a small figure, you know the Three Gorges Project plus transmission and distribution projects a total investment of over 220 billion yuan, and there are more than one million immigrants problem, many unpredictable consequences on the ecological environment together.

[0006] 但是无论是太阳能和风力发电目前都存在着难以并入电网和电能的存储问题,特别是大型太阳能发电厂和大型风力发电机。 [0006] However, both solar and wind power currently there are storage problems and hard power into the grid, in particular large-scale solar power plants and large wind turbines.

[0007] 目前风能太阳能LED路灯都是采用单灯杆自带太阳能电池板和风能供电的独立系统,它由LED路灯、太阳能电池组件、垂直风力发电机、风能控制器、太阳能控制器、铅酸蓄电池、AC/DC电源逆变器组成,太阳能电池组件和垂直风力发电机安装在灯杆顶部,蓄电池埋在地下。 [0007] Currently wind solar LED lights are single pole carrying a solar panel and a separate wind powered system, which consists of LED lights, solar cell module, vertical wind power generator, wind controller, solar controller, lead-acid battery, AC / DC power inverter composed of a solar cell module and the vertical wind power generator mounted on top of the pole, the battery in the ground. 在路灯改造工程中,为了满足抗风安全,需要更换灯杆和灯杆基座,材料和施工成本高,且铅酸蓄电池的使用寿命小于五年,埋在地下,维护不方便,有污染隐患。 In the street reconstruction project, in order to meet wind safety, the need to replace poles and pole base, high cost of materials and construction, and the lead-acid battery life is less than five years, buried in the ground, maintenance is not convenient, there is pollution risks .

[0008] 另外,单灯独立系统的电子控制装置配件多、控制复杂,容易出故障,维护成本高。 [0008] Further, the single lamp system independent parts of the electronic control device more complicated control, prone to failure and high maintenance costs. 而且,路灯在安装地点由于道路树木、路旁房屋的遮挡,太阳能和风能不能充分发挥其发电性能。 Moreover, at the installation site due to road street trees, street block houses, solar and wind power generation can not give full play to its performance. [0009] 因此,单灯杆独立太阳能LED路灯系统显然由于投资和维护成本高而很难全面推 [0009] Therefore, the independent single pole Solar LED street light system is clearly due to the high investment and maintenance costs difficult to fully push

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0010] 本发明的目的是提供一种风能、太阳能和风光互补氢能源发电储电供电LED照明系统。 [0010] The object of the present invention is to provide a wind energy, solar energy and wind and solar power electric storage Hydrogen-powered LED lighting system. 该系统能够解决太阳能发电和风力发电的存储和并网问题,而且还能够构成独立的离网式的供电系统,即分布式微电网系统。 The storage system can solve the problems of the solar and grid power and wind power, but also can be configured independently from the net power supply system, i.e. distributed microgrid system.

[0011] 为了实现上述目的,本发明提供了一种风能、太阳能和风光互补氢能源发电储电供电LED照明系统,包括风力发电机和/或太阳能光伏电池板、氢能源电解水氢气发生器、 氢气存储器、氢能发电装置以及电气控制系统; [0011] To achieve the above object, the present invention provides a wind power, solar power, and wind and solar power storage Hydrogen-powered LED lighting system, comprising a wind power generator and / or solar PV panels, hydrogen water electrolysis hydrogen generator, hydrogen storage, hydrogen generation device and electrical control system;

[0012] 优选地,所述风力发电机和/或太阳能光伏电池板的电力输出端分为第一、第二供电支路,其中第一供电支路直接供给LED照明,第二供电支路供给氢能源电解水氢气发生器,所述氢能源电解水氢气发生器的氢气输出端与氢气储存器连接,所述氢气储存器的输出端与氢能发电装置连接,所述氢能发电装置的电力输出端再供给LED照明。 [0012] Preferably, the wind generator and / or the power output of the solar photovoltaic panel is divided into a first, a second power supply branch, wherein the first LED lighting power supply branch directly supplied, a second supply branch feeding hydrogen the hydrogen generator electrolytic water, the electrolytic water hydrogen generator hydrogen energy output of hydrogen and hydrogen storage connecting the output terminal of the hydrogen storage and hydrogen generation device connected to a hydrogen power generation apparatus the output of the LED lighting resupply.

[0013] 优选地,所述第一供电支路直接供给城市和城镇地区的LED路灯、高速公路和普通公路的LED路灯,以及城市地铁、城铁的LED路灯和LED灯管,为上网并网的在线系统或离网式独立集中供电系统。 [0013] Preferably, the first supply branch is directly supplied cities and urban areas LED lights, highways and roads, LED lights, and a subway, a suburban LED lights and LED lamp, and to the Internet network the online system or from an intensive independent centralized power supply system.

[0014] 优选地,所述第一供电支路直接供给城市和城镇地区的庭院广场路灯、公园运动场LED路灯,以及办公超市学校医院等大楼的LED电灯和LED灯管,为上网并网的在线系统或离网式独立集中供电系统。 [0014] Preferably, the first supply branch directly supply LED lamps and LED lamps building courtyard plaza lights, LED lights park playground, schools, hospitals and office supermarkets and other cities and urban areas, to the Internet and online network centralized system or independent power supply system from the mesh.

[0015] 优选地,所述风力发电机和/或太阳能光伏电池板安装于办公超市学校医院等大楼的周边和建筑物顶部、高速公路收费站顶部、水塔顶部、污水处理厂顶部、公园运动场或城市和城镇地区的空闲地方,形成集中发电、集中储电和集中供电的微电网系统,为上网并网的在线集中供电系统或离网式独立集中供电系统。 [0015] Preferably, the wind generator and / or solar photovoltaic panels mounted on top of the surrounding buildings and office buildings schools, hospitals, supermarkets, etc., the top of the highway toll station, tower top, the top of the sewage treatment plant, parks or playgrounds free local cities and urban areas, the formation of centralized power, centralized storage and centralized power supply micro-grid system, on-line for the Internet and network centralized power supply system or from an intensive independent centralized power supply system.

[0016] 优选地,所述第一供电支路通过双向电表并入国家市电电网;当第一供电支路向国家市电电网供电时,所述双向电表倒转并记录输出的电能;当风能太阳能发电不足时,由国家市电电网供给LED照明,同时双向电表正转并记录输入的电能。 [0016] Preferably, the first supply branch into the national electricity grid via a bidirectional meter; when a first power supply branch to the electric power grid States City, bidirectional meter upside down and the recording power output; when the solar wind insufficient power supply LED lighting by the national electricity grid, while two-way forward and the meter records energy input.

[0017] 优选地,所述风力发电机具体为垂直风力发电机和/或水平风力发电机。 [0017] Preferably, the wind turbine is particularly vertical wind power generator and / or horizontal wind generator.

[0018] 优选地,所述垂直风力发电机的风轮包括垂直的多个叶片,所述叶片由四角形或五角形形状的轮毂固定,所述风轮带动稀土永磁直驱发电机发电送往电气控制系统,由电气控制系统输配负载所用的电能。 [0018] Preferably, the vertical wind power generator wind turbine comprising a plurality of vertical blades, the blade wheel by a quadrangular or pentagonal shape fixed hub, said wind turbine drive rare earth permanent magnet direct-drive electrical generators sent the control system, the electrical power distribution system used by the load control.

[0019] 优选地,所述风轮的叶片呈飞机机翼形状。 [0019] Preferably, the wind turbine of an aircraft wing slat shape.

[0020] 优选地,所述氢能源电解水氢气发生器包括氢燃料罐体,所述氢燃料罐体可进行燃料液和电极反应产生氢气和氧气,其罐体为双层结构,内壁和外壁之间的两壁空间充满散热材料,所述内壁或外壁上设有散热壁翅片,罐体底部一侧设有散热材料进出口,罐体下方设有散热风扇;所述氢气生产系统产生的氢气通过管道输送至分离室,分离室内的氢气通过渗透膜后经输出管道进入储氢罐,氧气通过渗透膜后经输出管道进入储氧气罐或氧气消耗负载。 [0020] Preferably, the hydrogen generator comprises a water electrolysis hydrogen energy hydrogen fuel tank, the fuel tanks with hydrogen and liquid fuel electrode reaction of hydrogen and oxygen, which tank is a double-layer structure, an inner wall and an outer wall walls filled with heat sink material the space between the inner or outer wall with cooling fins wall, the bottom side of the tank is provided with heat dissipating material export, the tank is provided below the cooling fan; and the hydrogen production system to produce hydrogen ducted to the separation chamber, the separation chamber after the hydrogen through the membrane into the hydrogen tank via the output conduit, the oxygen through the membrane into the reservoir through the outlet conduit oxygen tanks or oxygen consumption of the load.

[0021 ] 优选地,所述催化剂室与活塞轴连接,所述活塞轴由驱动装置执行器驱动,所述活塞轴驱动所述催化剂室旋转并且可以进行上下运动,所述催化剂室为倒漏斗型的网状体, 当催化剂室朝向燃料液移动时,或催化剂室远离燃料液移动时,氢气和氧气的生产率呈线性的增加或减少,从而使氢气和氧气的产量尽量均勻。 [0021] Preferably, the catalyst chamber and the piston shaft, said piston shaft driven by a drive actuator means, said piston shaft to rotate and drive the catalyst chamber may be moved up and down, the inverted funnel shaped catalyst chamber mesh body, when moved toward the fuel liquid catalyst chamber, the catalyst chamber or move away from the liquid fuel, hydrogen and oxygen production rate linearly increases or decreases, so that as even as possible yield of hydrogen and oxygen.

[0022] 该系统使用风力发电机和/或太阳能光伏电池以及其它自然能发出的电,除了立即同时供给某一条或某几条道路或街道上的许多LED路灯的用电外,还用来电解水生产氢,并且将氢气加以存储。 [0022] This system uses a wind power generator and / or solar photovoltaic cells and other natural energy power emitted, in addition to supplying a road one or a few of the many LED lights on the street or immediate electricity simultaneously, but also for electrolysis water to produce hydrogen, and the hydrogen to be stored. 等到无风和风力不足以及晚上没有太阳光的时候,被存储的氢气就可以通过氢能发电装置重新产生电能,提供给这些LED路灯使用。 Until the wind and no wind and no less than the evening sunlight, hydrogen gas can be stored electrical energy regenerated by the hydrogen generating device is supplied to the LED lights use. 这样组成独立离网的风力发电和/或太阳能光伏电池发电-氢能源的完全发电供电储电系统,完全不依靠市电和电网,构成分布式的微电网系统,是彻底的无碳能源系统,可以更大优势地发挥LED路灯、自然能源以及氢气作为储能介质的效果,可以不用上电网或并入电网,减少不必要的手续和成本,从而为实现我国承诺的节能减排目标做出贡献。 Such wind power off to form an independent network and / or solar photovoltaic power generation - Hydrogen full electrical power supply storage system, and completely relies on electricity grid, the microgrid constitute a distributed system that is completely carbon-free energy system, can play a greater advantage of LED lights, energy and natural effect of hydrogen as an energy storage medium, it can not on the grid or the grid, reduce unnecessary procedures and costs in order to achieve the emission reduction targets of our commitment to contribute to .

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0023] 图1为本发明所提供风能、太阳能和风光互补氢能源发电储电供电LED照明系统的第一种具体实施方式的框图; [0023] FIG present invention provides a wind, a block diagram of a specific embodiment of the hydrogen energy storage power electrically powered LED lighting systems and solar wind and solar;

[0024] 图2为本发明所提供风能、太阳能和风光互补氢能源发电储电供电LED照明系统的第二种具体实施方式的框图; [0024] FIG 2 present invention provides the wind, a block diagram of a second particular embodiment of hydrogen energy storage electricity supply power LED lighting systems and solar wind and solar;

[0025] 图3为本发明所提供风能、太阳能和风光互补氢能源发电储电供电LED照明系统的第三种具体实施方式的框图; [0025] Figure 3 is a wind invention provides a block diagram of the third embodiment DETAILED DESCRIPTION Hydrogen power storage system is electrically powered LED lighting solar and wind hybrid;

[0026] 图4为图3中所示氢能源电解水氢气发生器的结构原理图。 [0026] FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of the structure of FIG. Hydrogen electrolytic water in the hydrogen generator shown in FIG.

[0027] 图中: [0027] FIG:

[0028] 12. LED路灯14.风力发电机和/或太阳能光伏电池板16.氢能源电解水氢气发生器18.氢气存储器20.氢能源燃料电池22.电网24.双向电表 [0028] 12. LED lights 14. A wind generator and / or solar PV panels 16. Hydrogen electrolytic water 20. The hydrogen generator 18. The hydrogen storage cell 22. Hydrogen fuel meter 24. A bi-directional power

[0029] 300.氢气发生器301.罐体302.内壁303.外壁304.散热翅片305.高导热材料306.风扇307.出水进水308.管道312.分离室316.活塞轴318.驱动执行器311. 催化剂室 [0029] The hydrogen generator 301. 300. 303. The outer wall 304. The inner wall of the tank 302. The heat radiation fin 305. The high thermal conductivity material 306. The fan inlet 307. The outlet conduit 312. The separation chamber 308. The piston shaft 318. 316. The drive catalyst chamber 311. actuator

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0030] 为了使本技术领域的人员更好地理解本发明方案,下面结合附图和具体实施方式对本发明作进一步的详细说明。 [0030] In order to make those skilled in the art a better understanding of the invention, The present invention will be described in further detail in conjunction with accompanying drawings and specific embodiments.

[0031] 本发明的申请人曾于2009年09月09日和2010年07月28日向国家知识产权局提交了名称为“水流海浪潮汐动能和风能太阳能发电的综合系统”和“一种自然能源发电及电解海水或苦咸水的综合应用系统”的发明专利申请,其公开号分别为CN101649813和CN101010M0101。 [0031] The present applicant had September 9, 2009 and July 28, 2010 submitted to the State Intellectual Property Office entitled "Integrated water system tidal wave kinetic energy and wind and solar power," and "a natural energy generation and sea water or brackish water electrolysis integrated application system "of the invention patent application, the disclosure of which numbers are CN101649813 and CN101010M0101. 专利公布了利用自然能源发电,电解海水或苦咸水产生氢气和氧气以及氢能源来存储风力发电和风力发电调控并网的技术。 Patents disclose the use of natural energy power generation technology, electrolysis of seawater or brackish water to produce hydrogen and oxygen, and hydrogen energy storage to wind and wind power generation and the regulation of the network.

[0032] 请参考图1,图1为本发明所提供风能、太阳能和风光互补氢能源发电储电供电LED照明系统的第一种具体实施方式的框图。 [0032] Please refer to FIG 1, FIG. 1 of the present invention is to provide wind power, solar energy and wind and solar power generation Hydrogen storage block diagram of a specific embodiment powered LED lighting system.

[0033] 在一种具体实施方式中,本发明所提供的风能、太阳能和风光互补氢能源发电储电供电LED路灯系统,主要包括风力发电机和/或太阳能光伏电池板14、氢能源电解水氢气发生器16、氢气存储器18、氢能源燃料电池20以及电气控制系统(图中未示出)。 [0033] In a specific embodiment, the present invention provides a wind energy, solar energy and wind and solar power generating hydrogen energy storage system power LED lamps, including 14, hydrogen electrolyzed water wind generator and / or solar photovoltaic panels hydrogen generator 16, a memory 18 hydrogen, hydrogen fuel cell 20 and electrical control system (not shown).

[0034] 风力发电机和/或太阳能光伏电池板14、氢能源电解水氢气发生器16、氢气存储器18、氢能发电装置20以及电气控制系统集中安装,构成独立发电的离网式发电站,其电力输出端分为第一、第二供电支路(可以是直流和或交流电能),其中第一供电支路经过稳压稳流以及逆变,直接供给一条或多条道路或街道上的许多LED路灯12(N个路灯)使用, 第二供电支路供给氢能源电解水氢气发生器16,氢能源电解水氢气发生器16的氢气输出端与氢气储存器18连接,氢气储存器18的输出端与氢能源燃料电池20连接,氢能源燃料电池20的电力输出端再供给LED路灯12。 [0034] The wind power generator and / or solar PV panels 14, hydrogen water electrolysis hydrogen generator 16, the memory 18 of hydrogen, the hydrogen generating apparatus 20 is mounted and centralized electrical control system, configured from an independent power plant net power, power output thereof into a first, a second supply branch (and may be a DC or AC), wherein the first power supply branch through steady flow and an inverter, fed directly to the one or more roads or streets many LED lights 12 (N streetlamps) use, a second supply branch feeding the electrolyzed water hydrogen hydrogen generator 16, an output terminal hydrogen hydrogen hydrogen electrolyzed water generator 16 is connected to the hydrogen reservoir 18, the reservoir 18 is hydrogen Hydrogen output terminal 20 is connected to the fuel cell, the fuel cell power output 20 Hydrogen resupply LED lights 12.

[0035] 虚线部分所示为风力发电机和太阳能电池板发出的电能除了立即供给一条或多条道路或街道上的许多LED路灯12 (N个路灯)使用电外,还可以直接通过双向电表M上网并网。 [0035] the dotted line shown in the power generated in wind turbines and solar panels in addition to one or more immediately supply path or a plurality of LED lights 12 (N street lights) on the street use electrical, but also directly by a bidirectional meter M Internet and network. 白天不需要照明,或照明用电很少时,所发出的电能可以输入到国家市电电网22 中,双向电表M将输入的电能记录下来,并且该双向电表倒转。 Daytime does not require illumination, illumination or little electricity, the electrical energy input may be issued to the national electricity grid 22, the power meter M bidirectional input record, and the bidirectional meter upside down. 当晚上需要照明以及风能太阳能发电不足时,双向电表M也能够将市电电网22提供给LED路灯照明,并且同时记录下来使用的电能,该双向电表正转。 At night when illumination is needed insufficient wind and solar power, bidirectional meter M to the mains can be supplied to the LED street lighting 22, and simultaneously the recorded power usage of the bidirectional meter forward. 有效地解决了风能发电和或太阳能发电供电和氢能源存储电能LED照明电源微电网的业主和国家市电网的协调关系和双方的盈利模式。 Effective solution to the coordination between the owners and the national grid of the city and both the profit-mode power supply micro-grid wind power or solar power and hydrogen energy storage and power supply LED lighting.

[0036] 这样不用更换灯杆和灯杆基座,也不需要每个灯杆安装铅酸蓄电池,大大减少了投资和维护成本。 [0036] In this way without replacement poles and pole base, do not need to install each pole lead-acid battery, greatly reducing investment and maintenance costs.

[0037] 该系统使用风力发电机和/或太阳能光伏电池以及其它自然能发出的电,除了立即同时供给某一条或某几条道路或街道上的许多LED路灯的用电外,还用来电解水生产氢,并且将氢气加以存储。 [0037] This system uses a wind power generator and / or solar photovoltaic cells and other natural energy power emitted, in addition to supplying a road one or a few of the many LED lights on the street or immediate electricity simultaneously, but also for electrolysis water to produce hydrogen, and the hydrogen to be stored. 等到无风和风力不足以及晚上没有太阳光的时候,被存储的氢气就可以通过氢能发电装置重新产生电能,提供给这些LED路灯使用,而氧气可以释放到大自然中去,改善城市的空气含氧量和空气的质量,也可以存储作为产品出售供给需要氧气的企业和医院。 Until the wind and no wind and no less than the evening sunlight, hydrogen gas is stored can be re-generated by the hydrogen generator power supplied to the LED lights used, and oxygen gas may be released to nature to improve air city oxygen and air quality, can also be stored as a product requires oxygen supply businesses and hospitals.

[0038] 氢气能源可以长时间储存、可以管道长距离输送,可以直接用来大规模发电,更可以提供给汽车、火车、飞机、轮船等移动的交通运输工具使用,氢气能源可以直接提供给燃料电池也可以直接提供给内燃发动机燃烧产生动力。 [0038] hydrogen energy can be stored for long periods, long-distance transmission pipeline can be used directly to large-scale power generation, but also provide a means of transport to cars, trains, airplanes, ships and other mobile use, hydrogen energy can be directly supplied to the fuel the battery may be supplied directly to the combustion of the internal combustion engine to generate power.

[0039] 当然,风力发电机和/或太阳能光伏电池板所产生的电能也可以与市电电网构成联并网系统,在LED路灯不需要电源时,电能可以存储在市电电网中,在LED路灯需要电源时,由市电电网供给。 Energy [0039] Of course, the wind generator and / or solar PV panels may be produced with mains power grid system configuration, when the LED lights do not need power supply, power may be stored in the electricity grid, the LED when the lights need power, mains power supply.

[0040] 上述风力发电机主要为垂直风力发电机,其风轮包括垂直的多个叶片,叶片由四角形或五角形形状的轮毂固定,风轮带动稀土永磁直驱发电机发电送往电气控制系统,由电气控制系统输配负载所用的电能。 [0040] The wind power generator mainly vertical wind turbine, which wind turbine comprises a plurality of vertical blades, the blade wheel hub quadrangular or pentagonal shape is fixed, the rotor drive rare earth permanent magnet direct drive generators sent to the electrical control system , the load distribution by the electrical control system used in power.

[0041] 根据空气片条理论,实际计算可选取垂直风机旋转轴的切面进行计算模型,按叶片实际尺寸,每个叶片的旋转轴心距离为N米;用计算流体动力学技术(CFD技术)进行模拟气动系数计算,计算原理采用离散数字方法求解翼形断面的气动力,用网格方法对雷诺数流动涡量分布比较形成高雷诺数下对数字模拟计算的原理结果。 [0041] The air strip theory, the actual calculation may be cut perpendicular to the selected axis of rotation of the fan model is calculated according to the actual size of the blades, each blade rotation axis distance N m; technique using computational fluid dynamics (CFD technology) simulate aerodynamic coefficient calculation, calculation principle method for solving discrete digital aerodynamic wing cross section, with a grid method Reynolds numbers vorticity distribution comparison result formed at high Reynolds numbers on the principle of numerical simulation calculations. 采用稀土永磁材料发电的原理,配套与空气洞力学原理的风轮,采用直驱式结构进行旋转发电。 It uses the principle of permanent magnetic materials for power generation, wind wheel and supporting the mechanics of air holes, using a direct drive structure rotary power.

[0042] 这种新型的垂直永磁浮静音风力发电机完全可以代替现有的普通水平旋转的风力发电机。 [0042] This new type of vertical wind turbines permanent silent Maglev can replace the existing ordinary level wind turbine rotates. 垂直永磁浮静音风力发电机的风叶轮与永磁直驱发电机、盘式发电机和永磁浮装置配套,先进的永磁直驱发电机具有启动力矩下启动风速低,比普通的发电机效率高达85%。 The permanent vertical wind impeller permanent Maglev silent direct drive wind turbine generator, the generator disk and a permanent magnetic suspension means supporting the advanced direct drive permanent magnet generator having a low start-up wind speed starting torque, generator efficiency than conventional up to 85%.

[0043] 由于叶片选用了飞机机翼的形状和垂直旋转风动原理设计的结构,在任何风向情况下都能够旋转。 [0043] Since the shape of the blade selected aircraft wing and a vertical rotating wind principle structure design, in any case able to rotate the wind direction. 因此垂直旋转没有风力方向的影响,发电效率比现在常见的水平旋转提高20%。 Thus the rotation does not affect the vertical direction of the wind, the power generation efficiency than the usual 20% level of current rotation. 启动风速低在微风(每秒2米)的情况下就可以工作。 In the case of low wind speed start in the breeze (2 m per second) can work. 由于工作时固定发电机避免了绞线不产生噪音,所以也是一种静音风力发电机。 Since the work fixing the generator does not produce noise avoiding wire, it is also a silent wind turbines.

[0044] 垂直永磁浮静音风力发电机于现有普通水平风力发电机相比,水平风力发电机的风叶轮正面直接迎风,风叶轮受阻力后变形旋转,在气流中产生很大的噪声,变形旋转的气流也使风叶轮的转速减慢。 [0044] Magnetic permanent silent vertical wind turbine as compared to the prior level of ordinary wind generator, wind power generator wind impeller level positive direct wind, the wind resistance to deformation by rotation of the impeller, large noise generated in the gas stream, the deformation rotating the rotational speed of airflow can also slow down the wind impeller. 现有普通水平旋转风力发电机的追踪系统、偏航系统、变桨系统和偏头系统不仅建造成本昂贵,而且维修昂贵和并且这些系统在实际的运行中所受的损伤也特别巨大。 Tracking system existing ordinary horizontal rotation of the wind generator, yaw system, pitch system and migraine system is not only expensive to build and maintain these systems and expensive and also suffered huge damage in the actual operation.

[0045] 此外,垂直永磁浮静音风力发电机的安装场地不受限制,可以安装在房屋大厦顶上,居民区附近,手机无线信号发射塔上,公交车站和高速公路收费站顶部,污水处理厂和大型工厂企业的厂房顶部等。 [0045] In addition, the permanent installation site Maglev silent vertical wind turbine is not limited, may be mounted on top of the house building, a residential area near the top, the mobile wireless towers, bus and highway toll stations, sewage treatment plants and other large factories and enterprises and the top of the plant. 同样本发明中的太阳能电池板也可以安装在这样建筑物的顶部。 Also in the present invention is a solar cell panel may be mounted so that the top of the building.

[0046] 本发明中的氢气电解发生器以及存储氢气和存储氧气的存储罐也可以安装在这样建筑物的顶部,充分利用了大量的空间面积,也大大增加了生产过程和生产产品的安全性。 [0046] In the present invention, a hydrogen generator and a storage tank storing the electrolysis hydrogen and oxygen storage can also be mounted on top of buildings such full use of a large floor space, but also greatly increases the safety of the manufacturing process and product .

[0047] 请参考图2,图2为本发明所提供风能、太阳能和风光互补氢能源发电储电供电LED照明系统的第二种具体实施方式的框图。 [0047] Please refer to FIG 2, FIG. 2 of the present invention to provide wind power, a block diagram of a second particular embodiment of hydrogen energy storage electricity supply power LED lighting systems and solar wind and solar.

[0048] 除了街道路灯之外,LED照明设备还可以是城市地铁、城铁的LED路灯和LED灯管, 还可以是主要用在城市公园广场和运动场的庭院广场LED照明灯。 [0048] In addition to street lights, LED lighting device may also be the city metro, suburban railway LED lights and LED lamp, can be mainly used in city parks and playgrounds square courtyard plaza LED lights.

[0049] 请参考图3,图3为本发明所提供风能、太阳能和风光互补氢能源发电储电供电LED照明系统的第三种具体实施方式的框图。 [0049] Please refer to FIG. 3, FIG. 3 is a block diagram of a third particular embodiment of the invention, the embodiment of wind, solar, and wind and solar power electric storage Hydrogen-powered LED lighting system is provided.

[0050] 除了街道路灯之外,LED照明设备还可以是办公超市学校医院等大楼的LED电灯和LED灯管,主要用来照明,其中超市的照明用电量比较办公楼里平方面积的照明用电量更多,而学校大楼里的平方面积的照明用电量更少。 [0050] In addition to street lights, LED lighting device may also be the building of schools, hospitals and other office Supermarket LED lamps and LED lamps, mainly used for lighting, supermarket lighting where electricity consumption compare office building square area lighting more power, while the school building square area lighting less electricity consumption.

[0051] 我国的室内照明用电沈50亿度(约占照明用电量的64.5%),许多机关办公大楼和公司部门以及旅馆酒店都是照明用电的大户。 [0051] Our indoor lighting sink 50 billion kWh of electricity (accounting for 64.5% of electricity consumption for lighting), many organs office buildings and hotels and the corporate sector are electricity for lighting large hotel. 如果三分之一的照明用户(883亿度)使用本方案的LED照明系统,可以减少二分之一的室内照明用电,即减少442亿度电。 If the third user illumination (88,300,000,000 degrees) using the program LED lighting system, indoor lighting can be reduced one-half power, i.e. reduce 44,200,000,000 kWh. 如果使用本方案的风能太阳能和氢能源的LED照明的微电网系统,可以节约883亿度电。 Microgrid LED lighting system using wind and solar and hydrogen energy if this scheme can save 88.3 billion kWh.

[0052] 本发明的LED室内照明系统主要是指办公照明,包括超级市场、办公大楼、机关学校、百货大楼、销售中心安装各种LED的灯泡和LED的灯管,构成节能的照明系统。 [0052] LED interior lighting system of the invention mainly refers to office lighting, including supermarket, office buildings, offices and schools, department stores, the sales center mounting various LED lamp and LED lamp, constituting efficient lighting system. 在大楼大厦的顶部安装我们专利的垂直风电机组(千瓦级)和或角楼塔式风力发电机组(兆瓦级),以及太阳能光伏电池板通过双向电表形成并网的微电网系统,将市电电网作为电能存储系统,风力发电机和太阳能光伏电池板所发出的电能,首先供给办公大楼超市学校医院等的LED照明使用,剩余的电能并网进入市电电网系统,当办公大楼超市不需要照明时,所有风力发电机和太阳能光伏电池板所发出的电能都可以并网进入市电电网系统。 Our patented vertical mounting wind turbine (kilowatts) and the wind turbine tower or turret (MW level), and a micro system power grid and solar photovoltaic panels formed by a bidirectional meter building at the top of the building, the electricity grid electrical energy storage system as electrical energy, wind turbines and photovoltaic panels emitted, schools, hospitals, supermarkets supplied first office lighting LED or the like, into the remaining electric power grid electricity grid system, when the office lighting when not required supermarkets , all power wind turbines and photovoltaic panels may be emitted into the utility grid and grid system. 当风力发电机和太阳能光伏电池板所发出的电能不够时,市电电网系统中的电能供给办公大楼超市的LED照明使用,用于保证办公大楼超市内LED照明的供电使用。 When power wind generators and photovoltaic solar panels not emitted, the electric energy supply supermarket office utility grid LED lighting system, to ensure power supply for office supermarket provided with LED lighting.

[0053] 本发明使用垂直风力发电机和或太阳能光伏电池等自然能发出来的电,除了立即同时供给LED路灯,庭院广场LED照明以及办公超市学校医院等大楼的LED的用电外,还用来电解水生产氢,并且将氢气加以存储。 [0053] The present invention uses an electrical vertical wind power generator or solar photovoltaic cells and the like issued to the natural energy, in addition to the power supply and the LED immediately building LED lights, and office lighting LED square yard supermarkets schools, hospitals and the like, but also with electrolysis of water to produce hydrogen, and the hydrogen to be stored. 等到无风和风力不足以及晚上和没有太阳光的时候,被存储的氢气就可以通过氢能源燃料电池,重新产生电能,提供给LED路灯和办公大楼超市的LED照明的用电。 Until no wind and inadequate night and when there is no wind and sunlight, hydrogen gas can be stored by Hydrogen fuel cells regenerate electrical energy to the LED lights and office lighting LED supermarkets electricity. 风能发电机和太阳能光伏电池板可以安装在办公超市学校医院等大楼的周边和建筑物顶部、高速公路收费站顶部、水塔顶部、污水处理厂顶部、公园运动场和城市和城镇地区的其它空闲地方,形成集中发电集中储电和集中供电的微电网系统。 Wind turbines and solar photovoltaic panels can be mounted on top of the surrounding buildings and office buildings such as schools, hospitals, supermarkets, other top free highway toll station, the top of the water tower, the top of the sewage treatment plant, parks, playgrounds and urban areas and urban areas, forming electrical energy storage and power generation concentration concentration concentration micro power grid system. 可以是上网并网的在线集中供电系统,也可以是离网式独立集中供电系统。 May be an online centralized power supply system and Internet networks, it can also be a centralized power supply system independent from the net.

[0054] 请参考图4,图4为图3中所示氢能源电解水氢气发生器的结构原理图。 [0054] Please refer to FIG 4, which illustrates the schematic structure of the hydrogen Hydrogen electrolytic water generator shown in Figure 3.

[0055] 如图所示,催化剂室311是倒漏斗型的网状体,内有电解水产生氢和氧的催化剂, 通过燃料室和催化剂室的相对运动,以增加或减少氢气和氧气生成率(氢和氧产生率)。 [0055] As shown, the catalyst chamber 311 is inverted funnel-shaped mesh body, the electrolytic water generated in the catalyst of hydrogen and oxygen, by a relative movement of the fuel chamber and the catalyst chamber, to increase or decrease the rate of hydrogen and oxygen generated (hydrogen and oxygen generation rate). 这种相对运动是氢气和氧气生成过程中的一个或多个参数监测所产生的反应结果。 This relative movement is a result of the reaction of one or more parameters monitored during the generation of hydrogen and oxygen generated by the. 这是一种具有自我调节功能的生产氢和氧气的系统。 This is a system for producing hydrogen and oxygen having a function of self-regulation. 该氢气发生器300包括一个单一的氢燃料罐体301,该氢燃料罐体可注入燃料液产生氢气。 The hydrogen generator 300 comprises a single hydrogen fuel tanks 301, the hydrogen fuel tank liquid fuel to generate hydrogen gas may be injected. 该燃料液可以是水,也可以是非纯净水、海水, 也可以是加入氢化金属燃料液体,对于某些应用来说,还包含稳定剂如氢氧化钠。 The fuel fluid may be water or a non-pure water, sea water, the metal hydride may be a liquid fuel, for certain applications, further comprising a stabilizer such as sodium hydroxide. 由于氢的生成是一个放热反应,对于高产量的氢气发生器,罐体301需设计成双层罐体,包括内壁302和外壁303,在内壁302和外壁303之间的两壁空间充满高导热材料305,例如水。 Since the production of hydrogen is an exothermic reaction, hydrogen generators for high-volume, tank 301 needs to be designed double tank comprising an inner wall 302 and outer wall 303, the space between the inner walls 302 and outer walls 303 is filled with high thermally conductive material 305, such as water. 它可以为系统散热服务,也可以充分利用其热能。 It can serve as a cooling system, you can also take advantage of its thermal energy. 这种热转移可以进一步通过加入燃料箱的多元化散热翅片304实现,散热翅片304从外壁303伸出,风扇306用来降低温度,当燃料液降低达到预先设定的温度时,风扇306将会自动开闭,罐体底部一侧设有出水进水口307, 可以使冷水流入热水流出。 Such heat transfer may be achieved by further diversification radiating fins 304 added to the fuel tank, heat radiating fins 304 extend from the outer wall 303, the fan 306 is used to lower the temperature, when the liquid fuel reaches a predetermined temperature decrease, the fan 306 automatically opened and closed, the bottom side of the tank is provided with water inlet 307, hot water can flow into the cold water outflow.

[0056] 由氢气发生器300产生的氢气可通过管道308至分离室312,分离室312内的氢气通过渗透膜(图中未示出),水、液体和硼酸不能通过渗透膜,从而回到分离室312内,最后还是要回流到罐体中。 [0056] The hydrogen generated by the hydrogen generator 300 via conduit 308 to the separation chamber 312, hydrogen gas in the separation chamber 312 through the membrane (not shown), water, and acid can not pass through the liquid permeable membrane, thus returning within the separation chamber 312, to be finally returned to the canister. 渗透膜可以由只允许氢气通过而且同时阻止水蒸气通过的任何物质。 Permeable membrane may be any substance and water vapor while preventing only by allowing hydrogen to pass. 例如,疏水性膜可以使用,包括硅橡胶、氟聚合物膜或共同氢渗透的金属膜,如钯金合金制成的任何产品。 For example, hydrophobic membrane may be used, including silicone rubber, a metal film fluoropolymer film or co-permeation of hydrogen, such as any product made of a palladium alloy. 本发明优选氟聚合物膜,氢气通过渗透膜后经输出管道进入储氢罐或氢消耗负载,如氢燃料电池或氢内燃机,氧气通过渗透膜后经输出管道进入储氧气罐或氧气消耗负载,例如医学用氧或工业用氧。 Preferably fluorine polymer film of the present invention, hydrogen into the hydrogen tank or a hydrogen consumption of the load by the output pipe through a permeable membrane, such as hydrogen fuel cells or hydrogen internal combustion engine, the oxygen through the membrane into the reservoir through the outlet conduit oxygen tanks or oxygen consumption of the load, such as medical or industrial oxygen with oxygen.

[0057] 催化剂室与活塞轴316连接,活塞轴316由驱动执行器318驱动,活塞轴316驱动催化剂室311旋转并且可以进行上下运动。 [0057] The catalyst chamber connected to the piston shaft 316, piston shaft 316 driven by a drive actuator 318, piston shaft 316 drives the rotation catalyst chamber 311 and can be moved up and down. 这种运作旋转机制允许催化剂室旋转甩干,因为它移出氢燃料的接触,加快以防止任何硼酸会在液体催化剂室中沉淀。 This mechanism permits the operation of rotating the rotary drying the catalyst chamber, it is out of contact with hydrogen as fuel, will be accelerated to prevent any precipitation of acid catalyst in the liquid chamber. 此外,催化剂室311的旋转,有助于确保燃料溶液的均勻性。 Further, the rotation of the catalyst chamber 311, helps to ensure uniformity of the fuel solution. 催化剂室311呈倒漏斗型的网状体,可以确保催化剂室311内的催化剂与燃料溶液充分地均勻接触。 Catalyst chamber 311 has an inverted funnel-shaped mesh body, the catalyst can be ensured with the fuel solution in the catalyst chamber 311 is sufficiently uniform contact. 倒漏斗型网状体的催化剂室311内具有电解水和燃料溶液的催化剂。 Inverted funnel-shaped mesh body having a catalyst the catalyst chamber 311 and the electrolyzed water in the fuel solution. 由于是倒漏斗型的网状体,所以随着催化剂室与燃料液的相对运动,当催化剂室朝向燃料液移动时,或催化剂室远离燃料液移动时,氢气和氧气的生产率是呈线性的增加或减少,从而使氢气和氧气的产量尽量均勻。 Due inverted funnel-shaped mesh body, the relative movement of the catalyst chamber with liquid fuel, when moved toward the fuel liquid catalyst chamber, the catalyst chamber or the fluid movement away from the fuel, hydrogen and oxygen is linearly increased productivity or reduced, so that production of hydrogen and oxygen as uniform as possible.

[0058] 上述技术能够根据风能和太阳能发电的电功率的大小来电解生产氢气,而且还能够提高生产氢气的产量和降低产氢成本。 [0058] The technology according to the size of the electric power of wind and solar power to the electrolytic production of hydrogen, but also to improve the yield and reduce the hydrogen to produce hydrogen production costs. 这种氢能源的技术能够对风力发电和太阳能的输出的电量和功率进行反相调控,并且利用氢能源的存储技术解决风力发电并网,特别是解决大型风力发电并网的问题。 This technique is capable of hydrogen energy and power of the solar power and wind power output from the inverter control, and the use of hydrogen energy storage technology wind power grid solutions, in particular large-scale wind power grid to solve the problem. 这种风电制氢调控并网系统是在风力发电的输出端,通过整流器将风力发电机发出的交流电整流成直流电,然后与氢电解槽装置连接的自动调节系统,不论风力发电机输出电流的大小都能够产生氢气和氧气;同时该氢电解槽装置连接的自动调节系统也发过来调控风力发电机对风速的反应,减少风速变化对风力发电机的影响,增加风力发电机的可使用风速变化范围,提高风力发电机的效率;是解决风力发电并网的重要方法。 Such hydrogen wind power grid regulation system is the output of the wind power generation by wind turbines rectifier rectifying alternating current into direct current issued and automatic control system connected to the hydrogen cell, regardless of the size of the output current of the wind generator can generate hydrogen and oxygen; the same automatic control system connected to the hydrogen cell is also regulated in response to wind turbines sent, wind speed, wind speed to reduce the impact of the wind turbine, the wind turbine may be used to increase the wind speed range improve the efficiency of wind turbines; wind power is an important method and network solutions.

[0059] 以上对本发明所提供的风能、太阳能和风光互补氢能源发电储电供电LED照明系统进行了详细介绍。 [0059] or more of wind, solar and wind The present invention provides a complementary electric power storage Hydrogen-powered LED lighting system is described in detail. 本文中应用了具体个例对本发明的原理及实施方式进行了阐述,以上实施例的说明只是用于帮助理解本发明的核心思想。 Herein through specific examples and embodiments of the principles of the present invention are set forth in the above described embodiments are only used to help understand the central idea of ​​the present invention. 应当指出,对于本技术领域的普通技术人员来说,在不脱离本发明原理的前提下,还可以对本发明进行若干改进和修饰,这些改进和修饰也落入本发明权利要求的保护范围内。 It should be noted that those of ordinary skill in the art, in the present invention without departing from the principles of the premise, may also be a number of modifications and improvements of the present invention, and these improvements and modifications also fall within the scope of the claims of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. 一种风能、太阳能和风光互补氢能源发电储电供电LED照明系统,其特征在于,包括风力发电机和/或太阳能光伏电池板、氢能源电解水氢气发生器、氢气存储器、氢能发电装置以及电气控制系统;所述风力发电机和/或太阳能光伏电池板的电力输出端分为第一、第二供电支路,其中第一供电支路直接供给LED照明,第二供电支路供给氢能源电解水氢气发生器,所述氢能源电解水氢气发生器的氢气输出端与氢气储存器连接,所述氢气储存器的输出端与氢能发电装置连接,所述氢能发电装置的电力输出端再供给LED照明。 A wind, solar and wind and solar power storage Hydrogen electrically powered LED lighting system comprising a wind power generator and / or solar PV panels, hydrogen water electrolysis hydrogen generator, hydrogen storage, hydrogen power device and electrical control system; the wind generator and / or the power output of the solar photovoltaic panel is divided into a first, a second power supply branch, wherein the first LED lighting power supply branch directly supplied, a second supply branch feeding hydrogen the hydrogen generator electrolytic water, the electrolytic water hydrogen generator hydrogen energy output of hydrogen and hydrogen storage connecting the output terminal of the hydrogen storage and hydrogen generation device connected to a hydrogen power generation apparatus the output of the LED lighting resupply.
2.根据权利要求1所述的风能、太阳能和风光互补氢能源发电储电供电LED照明系统, 其特征在于,所述第一供电支路直接供给城市和城镇地区的LED路灯、高速公路和普通公路的LED路灯,以及城市地铁、城铁的LED路灯和LED灯管,为上网并网的在线系统或离网式独立集中供电系统。 The wind energy according to claim 1, solar and wind and solar power electric storage Hydrogen-powered LED lighting system, characterized in that said first supply branch is directly supplied cities and urban areas LED lights, highways and Highway LED lights, as well as urban metro, suburban railway LED lights and LED lamp, the online system for the Internet and network or mesh independence from centralized power supply system.
3.根据权利要求1所述的风能、太阳能和风光互补氢能源发电储电供电LED照明系统, 其特征在于,所述第一供电支路直接供给城市和城镇地区的庭院广场路灯、公园运动场LED 路灯,以及办公超市学校医院等大楼的LED电灯和LED灯管,为上网并网的在线系统或离网式独立集中供电系统。 The wind energy according to claim 1, solar and wind and solar power electric storage Hydrogen-powered LED lighting system, characterized in that said first supply branch feeding directly square yard lights cities and urban areas, park ground LED building lights, hospitals and other school and office supermarkets LED lamps and LED lamps for the Internet and online systems or network centralized power supply system independent from the net.
4.根据权利要求1所述的风能、太阳能和风光互补氢能源发电储电供电LED照明系统, 其特征在于,所述风力发电机和/或太阳能光伏电池板安装于办公超市学校医院等大楼的周边和建筑物顶部、高速公路收费站顶部、水塔顶部、污水处理厂顶部、公园运动场或城市和城镇地区的空闲地方,形成集中发电、集中储电和集中供电的微电网系统,为上网并网的在线集中供电系统或离网式独立集中供电系统。 The wind energy according to claim 1, solar and wind and solar electric power storage Hydrogen-powered LED lighting system, wherein the wind generator and / or solar photovoltaic panels mounted on office buildings and the like schools, hospitals, supermarkets and the top of the surrounding buildings, highway toll station at the top, the top of the water tower, the top free local sewage treatment plant, parks or sports grounds cities and urban areas, the formation of centralized power, centralized storage and centralized electricity-powered micro-grid system for the Internet and network online centralized power supply system or from an intensive independent centralized power supply system.
5.根据权利要求4所述的风能、太阳能和风光互补氢能源发电储电供电LED照明系统, 其特征在于,所述第一供电支路通过双向电表并入国家市电电网;当第一供电支路向国家市电电网供电时,所述双向电表倒转并记录输出的电能;当风能太阳能发电不足时,由国家市电电网供给LED照明,同时双向电表正转并记录输入的电能。 The wind energy according to claim 4, solar and wind and solar power electric storage Hydrogen-powered LED lighting system, wherein said first power supply branch into the national electricity grid via a bidirectional meter; when the first power supply when the branch power supply mains States, the bidirectional recording meter upside down and power output; when there is insufficient solar and wind power, electricity supplied by the national grid LED lighting, and bidirectional meter record and forward the power input.
6.根据权利要求5所述的风能、太阳能和风光互补氢能源发电储电供电LED照明系统, 其特征在于,所述风力发电机具体为垂直风力发电机和/或水平风力发电机。 According to claim 5, wherein wind power, solar energy and wind and solar power electric storage Hydrogen-powered LED lighting system, wherein the wind power generator wind turbine in particular vertical and / or horizontal wind generator.
7.根据权利要求6所述的风能、太阳能和风光互补氢能源发电储电供电LED照明系统, 其特征在于,所述垂直风力发电机的风轮包括垂直的多个叶片,所述叶片由四角形或五角形形状的轮毂固定,所述风轮带动稀土永磁直驱发电机发电送往电气控制系统,由电气控制系统输配负载所用的电能。 The wind energy according to claim 6, solar and wind and solar power electric storage Hydrogen-powered LED lighting system, wherein said vertical wind power generator comprising a plurality of wind turbine blades perpendicular to the blade by a quadrangle wheel hub or pentagonal shape is fixed, the wind wheel drive rare earth permanent magnet direct drive generators sent to the electrical control system, the control system by the electrical energy used by the load distribution.
8.根据权利要求7所述的风能、太阳能和风光互补氢能源发电储电供电LED照明系统, 其特征在于,所述风轮的叶片呈飞机机翼形状。 Wind, solar and wind according to claim 7 Hydrogen generating complementary electric storage powered LED lighting system, wherein said fan rotor blades form an aircraft wing shape.
9.根据权利要求1至8任一项所述的风能、太阳能和风光互补氢能源发电储电供电LED照明系统,其特征在于,所述氢能源电解水氢气发生器包括氢燃料罐体,所述氢燃料罐体可进行燃料液和电极反应产生氢气和氧气,其罐体为双层结构,内壁和外壁之间的两壁空间充满散热材料,所述内壁或外壁上设有散热壁翅片,罐体底部一侧设有散热材料进出口,罐体下方设有散热风扇;所述氢气生产系统产生的氢气通过管道输送至分离室,分离室内的氢气通过渗透膜后经输出管道进入储氢罐,氧气通过渗透膜后经输出管道进入储氧气罐或氧气消耗负载。 1 to 8 according to any one of wind, solar power, and wind and solar power storage Hydrogen-powered LED lighting system of any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that said hydrogen generator includes a water electrolysis hydrogen energy hydrogen fuel tank, the said hydrogen fuel tanks with fuel fluid and the electrode reaction of hydrogen and oxygen, which tank the space between the two walls of the double-layered structure, filled with inner and outer heat sink material, the inner or outer wall with cooling fins wall the bottom side of the tank is provided with export, with the lower heat dissipating material tank cooling fan; hydrogen generated by said hydrogen production system through conduit conveyed to the separation chamber, the separation chamber after the hydrogen through the membrane into the hydrogen storage via the output conduit canister, oxygen tank into the reservoir of oxygen or oxygen consumption of the load through the output conduit by the permeable membrane.
10.根据权利要求9所述的风能、太阳能和风光互补氢能源发电储电供电LED照明系统,其特征在于,所述催化剂室与活塞轴连接,所述活塞轴由驱动装置执行器驱动,所述活塞轴驱动所述催化剂室旋转并且可以进行上下运动,所述催化剂室为倒漏斗型的网状体, 当催化剂室朝向燃料液移动时,或催化剂室远离燃料液移动时,氢气和氧气的生产率呈线性的增加或减少,从而使氢气和氧气的产量尽量均勻。 Wind, solar and wind and solar power electric storage Hydrogen-powered LED lighting system according to claim 9, wherein said catalyst chamber and the piston shaft, said piston shaft driven by a drive actuator means, the said piston shaft driving the rotation of the catalyst chamber and can be moved up and down, the catalyst chamber is an inverted funnel-shaped mesh body, when moved toward the fuel liquid catalyst chamber, the catalyst chamber or move away from the liquid fuel, hydrogen and oxygen productivity linearly increases or decreases, so that the production of hydrogen and oxygen as uniform as possible.
CN2011100620640A 2011-03-15 2011-03-15 Wind energy, solar energy and wind-solar complementary hydrogen energy power generation, storage and supply light emitting diode (LED) lighting system CN102182974A (en)

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