CN102182338B - Underground garage - Google Patents

Underground garage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102182338B
CN102182338B CN 201110079365 CN201110079365A CN102182338B CN 102182338 B CN102182338 B CN 102182338B CN 201110079365 CN201110079365 CN 201110079365 CN 201110079365 A CN201110079365 A CN 201110079365A CN 102182338 B CN102182338 B CN 102182338B
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China
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vertical shaft
parking space
steel
jack
concrete
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CN102182338A (en
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卢丹
李丽
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Individual
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Abstract

The invention provides a multi-layer underground garage, which is characterized by comprising a left vertical shaft and a right vertical shaft which are positioned below the surface of the earth, wherein each vertical shaft is divided into a plurality of sections according to the height of a vehicle; the part between the two vertical shafts is divided into a multi-layer parking space corresponding to each section; a hollow steel frame structure for parking is arranged between the left and the right vertical shafts; and a transverse push-and-pull rod is arranged on the outer wallboard or the top of each section of the left and the right vertical shafts away from the parking space.

Description

A kind of underground garage
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of underground garage, more specifically, the present invention relates to a kind of liftable underground garage.
Background technology
Along with the development of urbanization and the raising of living standards of the people, the per capita owning amount of automobile is more and more higher, but the scarcity of non-renewable characteristics, the especially urban land in soil, be difficult to build enough parking spaces, the cost on the parking space of building is also more and more higher.
Distinct issues more, in office, commerce and the living area of building before, build in the design and just do not have to consider a large amount of problems of stopping, cause afterwards trade company or resident to be stopped nowhere, random be parked in the residential quarter, road is other or greenbelt in the middle of, bring great inconvenience for the life of surrounding population, and taken a large amount of publics land.In addition, arbitrarily the travel safety of returning surrounding population of motor vehicle in these zones is brought threat.
In addition, existing city blocks up more and more serious, all there is to some extent traffic jam issue in cities at different levels, the cosmetic issue of traffic congestion is that the quantity of motor vehicle is larger, the supporting capacity that has surpassed the city, and that the problem of essence is road is obstructed, the obstructed root of road be the motor vehicle parkings parked nowhere in a large number at pavement, nonmotorized vehicle lane or motorway, tied up the space of travelling of motor vehicle.If solved the parking problem on residential block and the public way, it move to be put into do not take the underground of public space, will to the city provide more travel, greening and commercial land and space.
Existing solution generally has two kinds, and is a kind of to aerial development, a kind of to the ground downward-extension.In the technical scheme in the garage parking of building, build Combined garage aloft, this garage by be erected between ground Multilayer parking, crane forms, crane rises to motor vehicle between default parking other, deposits in then being transported to car between parking.The setting of this garage takies aboveground space more on the ground, in the situation that the city of ground space deficiency, especially SOUTHERN CHINA is not suitable for very much, and this garage affects surrounding enviroment and the residential quarter is attractive in appearance, equipment investment is larger; More important question is that this garage is owing to being built in the air, and less stable can not be built enough height, and ground is built and can not be goed deep into again, and space utilization is limited, and practicality is relatively poor.
In the technical scheme of underground garage, a kind of is to be similar to underground elevator style garage, and this garage is made of escalator, underground garage, and escalator is connected with underground garage and transmits the sprocket wheel connection, elevator is lower after underground with motor vehicle transportation, utilizes chain-wheel mechanism that the car automatic moving is delivered to the parking space.A kind of multi-desk combined garage comprises between Multilayer parking and elevating mechanism, but the integral body vertical lift uses hydraulic cylinder lifting or the lifting of use chain between elevating mechanism or parking, and car body is placed or taken out with track to underground.At present the subject matter of underground garage has three: the first, stop the overlong time of picking up the car, use the garage of chain or hydraulic pressure, the time of each car of access is substantially more than five minutes, this is in surpassing the residential quarter of 50 parking stalls, in the situation that use when on and off duty closeness to concentrate, can't use at all; The second, deposit limited amount, the quantity of depositing that can see in the present technical scheme generally is no more than 15, do not satisfy actual needs far away, and real space does not allow to build a plurality of such garages; Three, also be the most fatal, all do not consider the problem of working security in the present technical scheme, the structure of these underground garages and construction can have influence on existing resident's life and can produce fatal impact to existing building, build simultaneously in new architectural planning exactly, also can be different owing to bearing capacity, and safety is produced suffering.So.In the old building group, especially in the residential quarter, do not disturbing residents and can not affect under the prerequisite of the ground of existing building and safety, how to build darker, park cars more and guarantee to use the underground garage of safety to be only the direction of development.
Summary of the invention
For overcoming the defective that poor practicability, safe coefficient are low, construction period is long and convenience is poor of on the ground existing and underground garage, the present invention proposes a kind of underground garage and construction method thereof.
According to the present invention, a kind of underground garage of multilayer is provided, it is characterized in that, comprise and be positioned at following left and right two vertical shafts in earth's surface, each vertical shaft is divided into more piece according to the height of vehicle, the parking space that is divided into multilayer between two vertical shafts corresponding to each joint is arranged steel frame construction hollow, that be used for stopping between the vertical shaft of the left and right sides; Each joint place of left and right vertical shaft, away from arranging horizontal pull bar on the side sheet of parking space or on the top.
By using construction method of the present invention and operation various underground garages of the present invention, so that in existing commercial area, Office Area and residential block, all can utilize existing passage, greenbelt and space among buildings to build the larger underground parking of quantity.In new building planning simultaneously, can use the present invention equally, more save the space, improve efficiency of construction.The more important thing is, when using method of the present invention or building structure of the present invention, considered how to protect ground and the underground utilities of existing building, can not cause damage to existing building.
The present invention can be in depth more than lower ten meters, thereby can build abundant underground parking.Structure of the present invention can be under the prerequisite that not affect existing environment, finishes underground garage with the construction time that is lower than tens of days and builds.
In addition, be appreciated that job practices of the present invention is not limited to build underground garage, can be used for high for security requirement, that construction space is little arbitrary underground building structure.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 illustrates the plan view of underground garage according to an embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 2 illustrates the longitdinal cross-section diagram of underground garage according to an embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 3 illustrates the transverse cross-sectional view of underground garage according to an embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 4 illustrates the according to one embodiment of present invention sectional drawing of cross binding end;
Fig. 5 illustrates concrete sword pin schematic diagram according to an embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 6 illustrates the schematic diagram of wallboard according to an embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 7 illustrates the vertical lap seam connection diagram of precast reinforced concrete wallboard;
Fig. 8 illustrates the horizontal joint connection diagram;
Fig. 9 illustrates the top view of precast reinforced concrete wallboard.
As shown in the figure, in order clearly to realize structure or the method for embodiments of the invention, various sizes and angle have been marked in the drawings, but this size only needs for signal, be not that intention limits the invention under this specific dimensions, according to concrete needs, those of ordinary skill in the art can be with these adjusted size, modification, and the adjustment of carrying out and modification still are included in the scope of accompanying claim.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments a kind of underground garage provided by the invention is described in detail.
In the following description, a plurality of different aspects of the present invention will be described, yet, for those skilled in the art, can only utilize more of the present invention or entire infrastructure or build flow process and implement the present invention.For the definition of explaining, set forth specific number, configuration and construction sequence, but clearly, in the situation that there are not these specific detail can implement the present invention yet.In other cases, in order not obscure the present invention, will no longer be described in detail for some well-known features.
In the first embodiment of the present invention, the invention provides a kind of underground garage of multilayer, as illustrated in fig. 1 and 2, this underground garage comprises left and right two vertical shafts that are positioned at below the earth's surface, each vertical shaft is divided into more piece according to the height of vehicle, is divided into the parking space of multilayer between two vertical shafts corresponding to each joint.The left side of left vertical shaft is the precast reinforced concrete wallboard, and the front and back side is the precast reinforced concrete wallboard, right side and parking space UNICOM, the cored steel shelf structure of right side for using the steel concrete wall to make up.The right side of right vertical shaft is the precast reinforced concrete wallboard, and the front and back side also is the precast reinforced concrete wallboard, left side and parking space UNICOM, and the left side is steel concrete wall and steel frame construction.Described being positioned at below the earth's surface is not that vertical shaft and mechanism thereof are defined in and must operate below the earth's surface, and as seen following, the elevating mechanism in this vertical shaft can stretch out on the earth's surface.
Wherein, in each mentioned technical scheme of the application, this precast reinforced concrete wallboard can use the concrete slab of prefabricated or cast-in-site or other wall plate structures to replace.
Wherein, the precast reinforced concrete wallboard is comprised of concrete and reinforcing bar, and there is many spaces, parallel ventilation ventilating water pipes the centre.The edge of the precast reinforced concrete wallboard of lowermost end has sword pin shown in Figure 5, be used for easier sink to underground.
The periphery of parking space uses the precast reinforced concrete wallboard to make up.The inside of parking space is steel frame construction, and steel frame construction is vertical multilayer, lays guide rail and checkered steel plate on every layer of steel frame construction, as the parking space.Arrange elevating mechanism in the vertical shaft, be used for the landing of lifting vertical shaft.Elevating mechanism (jack) is arranged in the concrete structure of silo bottom, and the top of elevating mechanism (jack) is by concrete structural supports, with lift platform lifting or the decline on its top.Each joint place of vertical shaft arranges induction installation, is used for the position that sensing determines that lift platform descends or promotes, and this position is with lift platform every one deck corresponding to parking space.
Wherein, hydraulic jack is by power-actuated hydraulic pump, by the hydraulic system transmission, lifts part with cylinder body or piston as the top.Hydraulic jack can be used monolithic and separate type: all-in-one-piece pump and hydraulic cylinder join together; The pump of separate type separates with hydraulic cylinder, and the centre links with high-pressure hose.The hydraulic jack compact conformation, energy is the jacking weight steadily, and the lifting capacity maximum reaches 25 tons, and transmission efficiency is higher, and speed is fast.Lift distance for further reducing height of contour or increasing the top, can use multi-stage telescopic.
The cross binding of every one deck in Multilayer parking space (in the communication direction of left and right sides vertical shaft) is laid guide rail, place a plurality of platforms of parking on the guide rail, the quantity of parking platform equals rail length divided by the width of platform, the width of platform and length are suitable for parking cars, park the edge placement block rubber of platform, arrange four pulleys under the platform, the spacing of pulley equals the distance of adjacent rails, can slide at guide rail so that pulley driving is parked platform.The block rubber at edge is used for the impact force of the movement between the buffer platform, to reduce rocking vehicle.
Guide rail is arranging groove near an end of vertical shaft or an end place of close parking space afterbody, the spacing of two corresponding grooves of two guide rails equals the wheel spacing of pulley, after pushing away or drawing the placement landing to finish, play the effect of stablizing landing like this.
Arrange horizontal pull bar on the left side steel concrete wall at each joint place of left vertical shaft or on the hoist top, push away or be drawn to the parking space of this layer for the lateral direction of car that will rise or drop to this joint, perhaps the vehicle on parking space right side is pushed away or moves to right vertical shaft on the platform that should save, so that this vehicle is risen or descends.Laterally push rod can use elastic mechanism or use electronic merogenesis pull bar.This horizontal pull bar push away or pull distance is to park the width of platform, namely push away at every turn or draw only to make and park position of platform movement.
Arrange horizontal pull bar on the right side steel concrete wall at each joint place of right vertical shaft or on the hoist top, push away or move to the parking space of this layer for the lateral direction of car that will rise or drop to this joint, perhaps the vehicle in parking space left side is pushed away or moves to left vertical shaft on the platform that should save, so that this vehicle is risen or descends.Laterally pull bar can use elastic mechanism or use electronic merogenesis pull bar.The pushing away or draw distance for parking the width of platform of this horizontal pull bar namely pushes away at every turn or draws only to make and park position of platform movement.
Parking space can arranging multiplayer according to actual conditions, and when height of car was 1.6-2.2 rice, it was 1.8-2.5 rice that every layer of clear space height can be set, and usually can arrange the 4-12 layer at underground parking usually.The number of plies can be still less, but the number of plies reduces the cost that can increase single parking stall.
The top of parking space is that the precast reinforced concrete beam slab covers so that whole parking space is in up and down closed state, about be communicated with vertical shaft.The top of this precast reinforced concrete beam slab is exactly the earth's surface, can be vacant lot between green layer, passage or building, and the precasting steel frame structure of this precast reinforced concrete beam slab and parking space is enough to support the original article in ground and Pedestrians and vehicles.
The upper design of the entrance of vertical shaft flows in case rain for being higher than the road surface, earth's surface; Perhaps can with upper top cover arranged around rubber ring, make its sealing; Perhaps in the down-hole drainage mechanism is set, the water that is used for flowing into is extracted out, perhaps in the position a little more than the road surface, earth's surface of entrance inside discharge gutter is set, so that the water that flows into along the entrance inwall directly flows out from this discharge gutter.Above several waterproof measure can use separately, perhaps is combined with.
As shown in Figure 1, can arrange the temporary parking space in the both sides perpendicular to the outlet (perhaps entrance) of parking space, be used for will emersion vehicle be displaced to this place temporarily, to avoid stopping up outlet, affect efficient.
Further describe the structure of vertical shaft, shown in Fig. 3 and 4, take left vertical shaft as example, the left side of vertical shaft is the precast reinforced concrete wall plate structure, and the right side is prefabricated steel frame construction, and the both sides, front and back also are prefabricated steel concrete wall structure, top and earth's surface UNICOM, the top uses top cover or fence and earth's surface to distinguish.The bottom of vertical shaft can be reinforced concrete structure, and the bottom of this reinforced concrete structure is hollow structure, the aerial mobile jib that is used for arranging jack in this, and the pedestal of jack is arranged on this reinforced concrete structure.Can stack a plurality of landings on the lift platform in the vertical shaft, these landings can be corresponding to parking space, a plurality of vehicles of so simultaneously lifting.This reinforced concrete structure also can be selected the prefabricated steel structure.
Left side, front and back side steel concrete wall and right side steelframe are arranged on the first floor concrete structure, and the first floor concrete structure is plate, and blade is left in the end, and the middle steel concrete that uses is poured into a mould.The shoulder of jack is on the first floor concrete, and this jack is used for the ascending and descending parking platform.
Usually distance or public area distance is narrower between building, so that the width of parking space is limited.In the first embodiment, vehicle single parking side by side in parking space, namely every one deck of parking space is only parked row's car, and a common row parks 10-12 car, and this quantity can be according to actual lateral separation adjustment.Like this, vertical shaft need to be arranged as rectangle, and the distance of front side and rear side is slightly larger than the vehicle commander, and the distance on left side and right side is slightly larger than overall width.Be used for maintenance, People's Bank of China or ultra-large type car body to leave the space.
Wherein, employed precast reinforced concrete wallboard can also use the steel concrete plate with punching high-voltage tube except solid steel concrete plate, and as shown in Figure 9, a plurality of punching high-voltage tubes of vertical internal placement of this steel concrete plate are used for logical water under high pressure.This high-voltage tube can be equidistantly or not equidistant in this steel concrete wall.
Shown in Fig. 6,7,8, when parking space is enough large, the mode that the precast reinforced concrete wallboard can adopt polylith to connect.For length or a width that the garage is required, monolithic precast reinforced concrete wallboard can't satisfy the requirement in integral construction space usually, needs to use polylith precast reinforced concrete wallboard to couple together the whole space of formation is installed.Laterally being connected with another piece precast reinforced concrete wallboard with vertically all needing of steel concrete wall, form one.Interface needs sealing, connect to need closely, is set to a plurality of contract degree of lip-roundings at the horizontal edge of every steel concrete wall, is used for agreeing with mutually up and down.The vertical direction of every steel concrete wall uses mutually the mode of indent and evagination, and two steel concrete walls are fitted together.
In addition, every steel concrete wall can be fixed by the mode that weld the end of steel plate in vertical and horizontal direction.Vertical direction can be welded on every layer of support bar on two steel concrete walls that are connected.As shown in Figure 3, use a plurality of parallel support bars to link to each other between two relative steel concrete walls.Support bar can also be placed under the prefabricated bracket in steel concrete wall top, and this support can be that temporary supporting or the steelframe of laying the guide rail below support.This support can use precast reinforced concrete to make up.This steel concrete plate can use solid slab, hollowcore slab or floor.
This steel concrete wall separately, in the vertical direction arranges nine-squares beam unanimous between the higher and lower levels, corresponding being close to of nine-squares beam of the steel concrete wall that links to each other up and down, the vertical built-in preformed hole of nine-squares beam connects every steel concrete wall with fining twisted steel from top to bottom.Connect between above-mentioned plate and can select one or more enforcements.
In like manner, the contract mouth shown in Fig. 8 also can built-in screw rod and riveted holes, with further reinforcing.
This underground garage also comprises electric-control system, the horizontal pull bar of this electric-control system connection dynamical system such as jack, vertical shaft, and the induction installation of vertical shaft is used for controlling rising and the decline of jack, the laterally action of pull bar, the induced signal of reception induction installation.
This underground garage also comprises intelligence control system, be used for automatically controlling vehicle stand, go out car order, reservation stops getting.
When concrete the use, when human pilot need to park cars, with Vehicle Driving Cycle to the landing at vertical shaft top.When having vacant parking stall in the intelligence control system perception parking space, vehicle is dropped to layer corresponding to Existential Space parking stall in the parking space, the horizontal pull bar of vertical shaft side pushes away motor vehicle or spur to parking space, so that vehicle is pushed away or draw the parking on the platform of this layer of being placed on parking space.When human pilot will be picked up the car, provide instruction by input equipment, if this car at the marginal position of parking space, directly uses horizontal pull bar that vehicle is pushed on the lift platform, with its lifting, take out the position of this car of intelligence control system sensing.If this parking stall is in certain layer centre of parking space, needs arrive upper strata or lower floor with the vehicle mobile of a side of this car, perhaps loopy moving is to an other side of this car, the repeatedly lifting of the vertical shaft by both sides, so that this car is parked in the edge near the parking space of vertical shaft, with as described above, directly use horizontal pull bar, push away or be drawn on the lift platform and take out.
In the second embodiment of the present invention, the invention provides a kind of underground garage of multilayer, be analogous to being arranged side by side of underground garage of a plurality of the first embodiment, the underground garage of the second embodiment comprises each two or more vertical shaft of left and right correspondence, each vertical shaft is divided into more piece according to the height of vehicle, the parking space that is divided into multilayer between corresponding two vertical shafts corresponding to each joint, every layer of parking space arranges that corresponding to two or more vertical shafts two rows or many rows park platform.So just comprise a plurality of left vertical shafts and a plurality of right vertical shaft.The left side of each left vertical shaft is the precast reinforced concrete wallboard, and the front and back side is the precast reinforced concrete wallboard, right side and parking space UNICOM, and the right side is steel frame construction.The right side of each right vertical shaft is the precast reinforced concrete wallboard, and the front and back side is the precast reinforced concrete wallboard, left side and parking space UNICOM, and the left side is steel frame construction.
Wherein, the precast reinforced concrete wallboard is comprised of concrete and reinforcing bar, and there is many spaces, parallel ventilation ventilating water pipes the centre.The edge of the precast reinforced concrete wallboard of lowermost end has sword pin shown in Figure 5, be used for easier sink to underground.
The periphery of vertical shaft and parking space uses the precast reinforced concrete wallboard to make up.The inside of parking space is steel frame construction, lays guide rail on the steel frame construction, as the parking space.Arrange landing in each vertical shaft, jack mechanism is arranged in the bottom of each vertical shaft, is used for the landing lifting in the vertical shaft.The jack elevating mechanism is arranged in the concrete structure of silo bottom, and the top of elevating mechanism is by concrete structural supports, with lift platform lifting or the decline on its top.Each joint place of vertical shaft arranges induction installation, the position that is used for sensing platform decline or promotes, and this position is with platform every one deck corresponding to parking space.
Lay guide rail corresponding to every row's car in the direction of left and right sides vertical shaft on every one deck of the parking space of multilayer, place a plurality of platforms of parking on the guide rail, the quantity of parking platform equals rail length divided by the width of platform, the width of platform and length are suitable for parking cars, the edge placement block rubber of platform, arrange pulley under the platform, so that platform can slide at guide rail.The block rubber at edge is used for the impact force of the movement between the buffer platform, to reduce rocking vehicle.
Arrange horizontal pull bar on the left side steel concrete wall at each joint place of each left vertical shaft, push away or be drawn to the parking space of this layer for the lateral direction of car that will rise or drop to this joint, perhaps the vehicle on parking space right side is pushed away or draw be put into right vertical shaft on the platform that should save, so that this vehicle is risen or descends.Each joint of the vertical shaft at edge, the front and back of two or more left vertical shafts is in fore-and-aft direction and arranges horizontal pull bar, be used for vehicle after the platform of vertical shaft is gone forward to movement.
Arrange horizontal pull bar on the right side steel concrete wall at each joint place of right vertical shaft, push away or be drawn to the parking space of this layer for the lateral direction of car that will rise or drop to this joint, perhaps the vehicle in parking space left side is pushed away or draw be put into left vertical shaft on the platform that should save, so that this vehicle is risen or descends.Each joint of the vertical shaft at edge, the front and back of two or more right vertical shafts is in fore-and-aft direction and arranges horizontal pull bar, be used for vehicle after the platform of vertical shaft is gone forward to movement.
Parking space can arranging multiplayer according to actual conditions, and when height of car was 1.6-2.2 rice, it was 1.8-2.5 rice that every layer height is set, and usually can arrange the 4-12 layer at underground parking usually.The number of plies can be still less, but the number of plies reduces the cost that can increase single parking stall.
The top of parking space is that the precast reinforced concrete beam slab covers so that whole parking space is in up and down closed state, about with vertical shaft UNICOM.The top of this precast reinforced concrete wallboard is exactly the earth's surface, can be vacant lot between green layer, passage or building, and the precasting steel frame structure of this precast reinforced concrete wallboard and parking space is enough to support the original article in ground and pedestrian's driving.
Further describe the structure of vertical shaft, take left vertical shaft as example, the left side of vertical shaft is the precast reinforced concrete wall plate structure, the right side is prefabricated steel frame construction, the both sides, front and back also are prefabricated steel concrete wall structure, top and earth's surface UNICOM, and the top uses top cover or fence and earth's surface to distinguish.The bottom of vertical shaft is reinforced concrete structure, and the bottom of this reinforced concrete structure is hollow structure, the aerial mobile jib that is used for arranging jack in this, and the pedestal of jack is arranged on this reinforced concrete structure.Can stack a plurality of landings on the lift platform in the vertical shaft, these landings can be corresponding to parking space, a plurality of vehicles of so simultaneously lifting.
Left side, front and back side steel concrete wall and right side steelframe are arranged on the first floor concrete structure, and the first floor concrete structure is plate, and blade is left in the end, and the middle steel concrete that uses is poured into a mould.The shoulder of jack is on the first floor concrete, and this jack is used for lifting and parks platform.
Usually distance or public area distance is narrower between building, so that the width of parking space is limited.In a second embodiment, how row parks vehicle side by side in parking space, and namely every one deck of parking space is parked many row's cars, and vehicle can make vertically or laterally and park, and it is individual that a common row parks 10-12, and this quantity can be according to actual lateral separation adjustment.Like this, vertical shaft need to be arranged as rectangle, and the distance of front side and rear side is slightly larger than the vehicle commander, and the distance on left side and right side is slightly larger than overall width.The steel concrete wall all can arrange horizontal pull bar in the front and back of every one deck parking space, is used for certain vehicle of a row is shifted onto another row's position.
Employed precast reinforced concrete wallboard can also use the steel concrete wall with punching high-voltage tube except solid steel concrete wall, a plurality of punching high-voltage tubes of vertical internal placement of this steel concrete wall are used for logical water under high pressure.This high-voltage tube arranges in this steel concrete wall, can be equidistantly or not equidistant.
For length or a width that the garage is required, monolithic precast reinforced concrete wallboard can't satisfy the requirement of integral constructing usually, needs to use the connection of a plurality of precast reinforced concrete wallboard.Laterally being connected with another piece precast reinforced concrete wallboard with vertically all needing of steel concrete wall, form one.Interface needs sealing, connect to need closely, is set to a plurality of contract degree of lip-roundings at the horizontal edge of every steel concrete wall, is used for agreeing with mutually up and down.The vertical direction of every steel concrete wall uses mutually the mode of indent and evagination, and two steel concrete walls are fitted together.
In addition, every steel concrete wall can be fixed by the mode of Plate Welding in vertical and horizontal direction.Vertical direction can be welded on every layer of support bar on two steel concrete walls that are connected.As shown in Figure 3, use a plurality of parallel support bars to link to each other between two relative steel concrete walls.Support bar can also be placed in the prefabricated picking-up in steel concrete wall top, and support bar with the steel concrete wall in cross binding.This support can be that temporary supporting or the steelframe of laying the guide rail below support.This support can use prefabricated reinforced concrete to make.This wallboard can use solid slab, hollowcore slab or floor.
This steel concrete wall separately, in the vertical direction arranges nine-squares beam unanimous between the higher and lower levels, corresponding being close to of nine-squares beam of the steel concrete wall that links to each other up and down, the vertical built-in preformed hole of nine-squares beam connects every steel concrete wall with fining twisted steel from top to bottom.Combination can be selected one or more enforcements between above-mentioned plate.
This underground garage also comprises electric-control system, the induction installation of the horizontal pull bar of this electric-control system connection dynamical system such as jack, vertical shaft, the horizontal pull bar vertical shaft of parking space, be used for controlling rising and the decline of jack, the laterally action of pull bar, the induced signal of reception induction installation.
This underground garage also comprises intelligence control system, be used for automatically controlling vehicle stand, go out car order, reservation stops getting.
When concrete the use, when human pilot need to park cars, with Vehicle Driving Cycle to the landing at vertical shaft top.When having vacant parking stall in the intelligence control system perception parking space, vehicle is dropped to layer corresponding to Existential Space parking stall in the parking space, the horizontal pull bar of vertical shaft side pushes away motor vehicle or spur to parking space, so that vehicle is pushed away or draw the parking on the platform of this layer of being placed on parking space.When human pilot will be picked up the car, provide instruction by input equipment, the position of this car of intelligence control system sensing, if this car is at the marginal position of parking space, directly use horizontal pull bar that vehicle is pushed on the lift platform in the vertical shaft, lift platform takes out its lifting.If this parking stall is in certain layer centre of parking space, need vehicle mobile with a side of this car to another row or move to another layer, by the lift platform in the vertical shaft of both sides and left and right horizontal pull bar repeatedly lifting or about push away or spur, so that this car is parked the edge of transferring near the parking space of vertical shaft, with as described above, directly use horizontal pull bar, push away or be drawn on the lift platform and take out.Perhaps the part vertical shaft is used for lifting, and the part vertical shaft is used for vehicle in the movement of interior location.
In the third embodiment of the present invention, the invention provides a kind of underground garage of multilayer, comprise a vertical shaft, vertical shaft is divided into more piece according to the height of vehicle, the stand that is divided into multilayer corresponding to each joint, every layer stand centers on vertical shaft in the form of a ring, and in the middle of vertical shaft was enclosed in, every layer comprised a plurality of landings.Horizontal pull bar is arranged in the rear end of each landing, for car being pushed away or draws the lift platform that is put into vertical shaft.
Landing in the stand of this ring-type can comprise four, five, six or a plurality of.
Left vertical shaft is steel frame construction, and every one deck is arranged lift platform.The periphery of parking space uses the precast reinforced concrete wallboard to make up.The inside of parking space is steel frame construction, lays guide rail and checkered steel plate on the steel frame construction, as the parking space.Arrange landing in the vertical shaft, jack mechanism is arranged in the bottom of vertical shaft, is used for the landing lifting in the vertical shaft.The jack elevating mechanism is arranged in the concrete structure of silo bottom, and the top of elevating mechanism is by concrete structural supports, with lift platform lifting or the decline on its top.Each joint place of vertical shaft arranges induction installation, the position that is used for sensing platform decline or promotes, and this position is with platform every one deck corresponding to parking space.
Lay guide rail under the platform below each parking stall on every one deck of parking space, the width of platform and length are suitable for parking cars, and the edge placement block rubber of platform is arranged pulley under the platform, so that platform can slide at guide rail.The block rubber at edge is used for the impact force of movement of buffer platform, to reduce rocking vehicle.
Arrange horizontal pull bar on the steelframe at each joint place of each vertical shaft, push away or be drawn to the vacant parking space of this layer for the lateral direction of car that will rise or drop to this joint, perhaps the vehicle of parking space is pushed away or draw be put into vertical shaft on the platform that should save, so that this vehicle is risen or descends.
Parking space can arranging multiplayer according to actual conditions, and when height of car was 1.6-2.2 rice, it was 1.8-2.5 rice that every layer height is set, and usually can arrange the 4-12 layer at underground parking usually.The number of plies can be still less, but the number of plies reduces the cost that can increase single parking stall.
The top of parking space is that the precast reinforced concrete beam slab covers so that whole parking space is in up and down closed state, about with vertical shaft UNICOM.The top of this precast reinforced concrete beam slab is exactly the earth's surface, can be vacant lot between green layer, passage or building, and the precasting steel frame structure of this precast reinforced concrete beam slab and parking space is enough to support the original article in ground and pedestrian's driving.
Further describe the structure of vertical shaft, vertical shaft is prefabricated steel concrete beam-slab structure, top and earth's surface UNICOM, and the top uses top cover or fence and earth's surface to distinguish.The bottom of vertical shaft is reinforced concrete structure, and the bottom of this concrete structure of coagulation is hollow structure, the aerial mobile jib that is used for arranging jack in this, and the pedestal of jack is arranged on this concrete structure.Can stack a plurality of landings on the lift platform in the vertical shaft, these landings can be corresponding to parking space, a plurality of vehicles of so simultaneously lifting.
Arrange the temporary parking space in the both sides perpendicular to the outlet (perhaps entrance) of parking space, be used for will emersion vehicle be displaced to this place temporarily, to avoid stopping up outlet, affect efficient.
Steelframe is arranged on the first concrete structure, and the first floor concrete structure is plate, and blade is left in the end, and the middle steel concrete that uses is poured into a mould.The shoulder of jack is on the first floor concrete, and this jack is used for lifting and parks platform.
Usually distance or public area distance is narrower between building, so that the width of parking space is limited.In the 3rd embodiment, vehicle every layer of annular in parking space parked many, and vehicle can make vertically or laterally and park, and a common row parks 6-12, and this quantity can be according to actual lateral separation adjustment.
Employed precast reinforced concrete wallboard can also use the steel concrete wall with punching high-voltage tube except solid steel concrete wall, a plurality of punching high-voltage tubes of vertical internal placement of this steel concrete wall are used for logical water under high pressure.This high-voltage tube arranges in this steel concrete wall, can be equidistantly or not equidistant.
For length or a width that the garage is required, monolithic precast reinforced concrete wallboard can't satisfy the requirement of integral constructing usually, needs to use the connection of a plurality of precast reinforced concrete wallboard.Laterally being connected with another piece precast reinforced concrete wallboard with vertically all needing of steel concrete wall, form one.Interface needs sealing, connect to need closely, is set to a plurality of contract degree of lip-roundings at the horizontal edge of every steel concrete wall, is used for agreeing with mutually up and down.The vertical direction of every steel concrete wall uses mutually the mode of indent and evagination, and two steel concrete walls are fitted together.
In addition, every steel concrete wall can be fixed by the mode of Plate Welding in vertical and horizontal direction.Vertical direction can be welded on every layer of support bar on two steel concrete walls that are connected.As shown in Figure 3, use a plurality of parallel support bars to link to each other between two relative steel concrete walls.Support bar can also be placed in the prefabricated picking-up in steel concrete wall top, and support bar with the steel concrete wall in cross binding.This support can be that temporary supporting or the steelframe of laying the guide rail below support.This support can use precast concrete to make.This wallboard can use solid slab, hollowcore slab or floor.
This steel concrete wall separately, in the vertical direction arranges nine-squares beam unanimous between the higher and lower levels, corresponding being close to of nine-squares beam of the steel concrete wall that links to each other up and down, the vertical built-in preformed hole of nine-squares beam connects every steel concrete wall with fining twisted steel from top to bottom.Connect between above-mentioned plate and can select one or more enforcements.
This underground garage also comprises electric-control system, the induction installation of the horizontal pull bar of this electric-control system connection dynamical system such as jack, vertical shaft, the horizontal pull bar vertical shaft of parking space, be used for controlling rising and the decline of jack, the laterally action of pull bar, the induced signal of reception induction installation.
This underground garage also comprises intelligence control system, be used for automatically controlling vehicle stand, go out car order, reservation stops getting.
When concrete the use, when human pilot need to park cars, with Vehicle Driving Cycle to the landing at vertical shaft top.When having vacant parking stall in the intelligence control system perception parking space, vehicle is dropped to layer corresponding to Existential Space parking stall in the parking space, the horizontal pull bar of vertical shaft pushes away motor vehicle or spur to parking space, so that vehicle is pushed away or draw the parking on the platform of this layer of being placed on parking space.When human pilot will be picked up the car, provide instruction by input equipment, the position of this car of intelligence control system sensing uses horizontal pull bar that vehicle is pushed on the lift platform, with its lifting, takes out.This layout does not exist the parking stall wheel to turn the problem of circulation, more saves time.
In the fourth embodiment of the present invention, the invention provides a kind of underground garage of multilayer, comprise a vertical shaft, this vertical shaft is divided into more piece according to the height of vehicle, arranges parking space at each joint.Four sides of vertical shaft are steel frame construction, and the bottom of each joint is the precast reinforced concrete plate.
Jack mechanism is arranged in the bottom of vertical shaft, is used for the landing lifting in the vertical shaft.The jack elevating mechanism is arranged in the concrete structure of silo bottom, and the top of elevating mechanism is supported by reinforced concrete structure, with lift platform lifting or the decline on its top.Each joint place of vertical shaft arranges induction installation, the position that is used for sensing platform decline or promotes.
The steelframe place at each joint place of vertical shaft arranges horizontal pull bar, pushes away or be drawn to the earth's surface for the lateral direction of car that will rise to ground.Arrange the temporary parking space in the both sides perpendicular to the outlet (perhaps entrance) of parking space, be used for will emersion vehicle be displaced to this place temporarily, to avoid stopping up outlet, affect efficient.
Vertical shaft can arranging multiplayer according to actual conditions, and when height of car was 1.6-2.2 rice, it was 1.8-2.5 rice that every layer height is set, and usually can arrange the 4-12 layer at underground parking usually.The number of plies can be still less, but the number of plies reduces the cost that can increase single parking stall.
The top of vertical shaft is that the precast reinforced concrete beam slab covers, so that the top of this precast reinforced concrete wallboard is exactly vehicle outlet, this precast reinforced concrete wallboard is enough to support the original article in ground and pedestrian's driving.Use the precast reinforced concrete wallboard to make around the vertical shaft and can hold elevating mechanism and park the space that platform exists.
Perhaps, the top of vertical shaft and earth's surface UNICOM, the top uses top cover or fence and earth's surface to distinguish.The bottom of vertical shaft is reinforced concrete structure, and the bottom of concrete structure is hollow structure, the aerial mobile jib that is used for arranging jack in this, and the pedestal of jack is arranged on this concrete structure.
Four side steelframes are arranged on the first floor concrete structure, and the first floor concrete structure is plate, and blade is left in the end, middle reinforcing bar and the pour concrete of using.The shoulder of jack is on the first floor concrete, and this jack is used for lifting and parks platform.
Usually distance or public area distance is narrower between building, so that the width of parking space is limited.In the 4th embodiment, vehicle is directly parked on vertical shaft, and vehicle can vertically or laterally be parked.Like this, vertical shaft need to be arranged as rectangle, and the distance of front side and rear side is slightly larger than the vehicle commander, and the distance on left side and right side is slightly larger than overall width.Perhaps vertical shaft is arranged to square according to the vehicle commander, parks so that vehicle can sail into from any direction.
Employed precast reinforced concrete wallboard can also use the steel concrete wall with punching high-voltage tube except solid steel concrete wall, a plurality of punching high-voltage tubes of vertical internal placement of this steel concrete wall are used for logical water under high pressure.This high-voltage tube arranges in this steel concrete wall, can be equidistantly or not equidistant.
For length or a width that the garage is required, monolithic precast reinforced concrete wallboard usually can't satisfy integral body and make the requirement of establishing, and needs to use the connection of a plurality of precast reinforced concrete wallboard.Laterally being connected with another piece precast reinforced concrete wallboard with vertically all needing of steel concrete wall, form one.Interface needs sealing, connect to need closely, is set to a plurality of contract degree of lip-roundings at the horizontal edge of every steel concrete wall, and being used for up and down, the steel concrete wall agrees with mutually.The vertical direction of every steel concrete wall is used mutually the mode of indent and evagination, and two steel concrete walls are fitted together.
In addition, every steel concrete wall can be fixed by the mode of Plate Welding in vertical and horizontal direction.Vertical direction can be welded on every layer of support bar on two steel concrete walls that are connected.As shown in Figure 3, use a plurality of parallel support bars to link to each other between two relative steel concrete walls.Support bar can also be placed in the prefabricated picking-up in steel concrete wall bottom, and this picking-up holds support bar, and support bar with the steel concrete wall in cross binding.This support can be that temporary supporting or the steelframe of laying the guide rail below support.This support can use precast concrete to make up.This wallboard can use solid slab, hollowcore slab or floor.
This steel concrete wall is separately, the in the vertical direction layout is unanimous between the higher and lower levels and word beam, and corresponding being close to of nine-squares beam of the steel concrete wall that links to each other up and down, the vertical built-in preformed hole of nine-squares beam connects every steel concrete wall with fining twisted steel from top to bottom.Combination can be selected one or more enforcements between above-mentioned plate.
This underground garage also comprises electric-control system, and the horizontal pull bar induction installation of this electric-control system connection dynamical system such as jack, vertical shaft is used for controlling rising and the decline of jack, the laterally action of pull bar, the induced signal of reception induction installation.
This underground garage also comprises intelligence control system, be used for automatically controlling vehicle stand, go out car order, reservation stops getting.
When concrete the use, when human pilot need to park cars, when there is vacant position in intelligence (parking) system sensing self, lift platform in the vertical shaft is risen, the parking chassis (platform) that this vacant position is corresponding rises to the place, earth's surface, vehicle directly drives on the landing (chassis) of vertical shaft, and vertical shaft descends, and falls into underground.When human pilot will be picked up the car, provide instruction by input equipment, the position of this car of intelligence control system sensing, lift platform rises in the vertical shaft, the chassis that this truck position is corresponding (platform) rises to the place, earth's surface, the driver takes out voluntarily, and lift platform descends immediately in the vertical shaft, falls into the relevant position of underground garage.
In according to a fifth embodiment of the invention, provide a kind of construction method of underground garage.In existing public building, carry out the secondary underground construction, need the problem of consideration a lot, comprise the protection to existing building, the protection of underground utilities, the duration etc. of constructing.The degree of depth of underground construction is excessively dark, easily the ground of original building is caused damage, and the method for present prior art is not all considered caving in of ground in the work progress or collapsed, gives existing building or the enough protections of ground.Existing construction environment is complicated, and underground utilities are complicated, directly drill or deep-cut the existing environment of easy destruction.In addition, existing underground construction needs main equipment, and long construction period, and noise is large, and underground garage is applied to commercial area and residential block usually, is not suitable for main equipment to enter, and the construction meeting causes greatly impact to periphery.
In the method for the present invention, comprise: step 10, use four blocks of precast reinforced concrete wallboards that surround frame vertically to sink; Step 20, these four blocks of precast reinforced concrete wallboards are lowered into after the earth's surface, thereon corresponding attachment precast reinforced concrete wallboard; Step 30, the precast reinforced concrete wallboard sinks to after the designated depth, carries out the base of back cover and building lift platform, arranges jack at this base; Step 40, steel frame construction arranging multiplayer, that park cars on this jack.
Specifically, in step 10, use four blocks of precast reinforced concrete wallboards that surround frame vertically to sink.Wherein, this precast reinforced concrete wallboard inside vertically is connected with many steel pipes, and these many steel pipes are communicated with up and down.Wherein, can use push rod to support between this precast reinforced concrete wallboard.Wherein, this precast reinforced concrete wallboard connects or welding by concave-convex type between mutually.The bottom of the precast reinforced concrete wallboard that sinks at first can not used smooth, has tough and tensile sword pin but use, and is conducive to the sinking of precast reinforced concrete wallboard.
Laterally being connected with another piece precast reinforced concrete wallboard with vertically all needing of steel concrete wall, form one.Interface needs sealing, connect to need closely, is set to a plurality of contract degree of lip-roundings at the horizontal edge of every steel concrete wall, and being used for up and down, the steel concrete wall agrees with mutually.The vertical direction of every steel concrete wall is used mutually the mode of indent and evagination, and two steel concrete walls are fitted together.
The steel pipe of this precast reinforced concrete wallboard is used for passing into water under high pressure, and adjacent steel pipe is used for extracting out the mud that washes away.These four blocks of precast reinforced concrete wallboards sink synchronously.Because the push rod between having supports, so the process that fetches earth that descends synchronously can not cause outsidely causing distortion and affecting ground internal pressure is excessive yet.With respect to southern weak soil; may use the said method water flowing to sink; but for northern hard soil; the situation that perhaps occurs backfill for carrying out construction; the situation that often can have stone, concrete block; in sinking construction, can use drilling tool, cutting instrument to carry out the processing to the bottom like this.
The size of the framework that surrounds changes according to the construction needs, if build the underground garage of above-mentioned the 4th embodiment, the framework that then surrounds is less, if the underground garage of the second embodiment, then framework is more, and namely multi-link precast reinforced concrete wallboard can the quantity of use be different because of the space difference of building.
Step 20, these four or polylith precast reinforced concrete wallboard are lowered into after the earth's surface, and corresponding attachment precast reinforced concrete wallboard continues to sink, to satisfy the degree of depth needs in garage thereon.Wherein, after the precast reinforced concrete wallboard sinks to the earth's surface, can first the earthwork of enclosing in the precast reinforced concrete wallboard be taken out.The upper and lower end correspondence of precast reinforced concrete wallboard arranges contract mouth groove, when being attached up and down the precast reinforced concrete wallboard, and up and down two blocks of precast reinforced concrete wallboards interlock, hollow steel tube is aligned with each other, and can not produce the translation between the steel concrete wall.Sealing joint up and down is not so that pressure can not revealed or reduce to the water under high pressure that passes into.
Usually in order to strengthen the degree of stability of construction, also can use one group of push rod in the junction of level, to strengthen it for the repellence of lateral pressure.
Step 30, the precast reinforced concrete wallboard sinks to after the designated depth, carries out the base of back cover and building lift platform, arranges jack at this base.The precast reinforced concrete wallboard sinks to after the desired depth, and the earthwork in the enclosing is taken out, and the required degree of depth of jack of burying is deep-cut down in the earthwork in the enclosing.
The concrete slab with the sword pin is placed at the middle part below the precast reinforced concrete base plate, concrete slab is promoted to periphery, make it drop on the below of precast reinforced concrete wallboard, support as the precast reinforced concrete wallboard, the corresponding reinforcing bar of welding and fluid concrete are arranged in space between the steel concrete base plate, it is connected as a single entity, and reinforcing bar prefabricated on the fluid concrete plate is connected as a single entity itself and precast reinforced concrete base plate wallboard.Thereby, can avoid sinking, floating and the inclination of underground garage integral body.
At the concrete slab split shed that is connected as a single entity, perhaps reserve opening in the middle of the concrete slab, be used for holding jack, the shoulder of jack drops on this concrete slab, as the support of jack.Arrange the ascending and descending parking platform on the jack.Like this, jack mechanism is arranged in the bottom of vertical shaft in the enclosing, is used for the landing lifting in the vertical shaft.The jack elevating mechanism is arranged in the concrete structure of silo bottom, and the top of elevating mechanism is by concrete structural supports, with lift platform lifting or the decline on its top.Each joint place of vertical shaft arranges induction installation, the position that is used for sensing platform decline or promotes.
For the structure of the underground garage of the first embodiment and the second embodiment, need to correspondingly in both sides arrange two or such jack base construction and the jack of even number, and flow out enough parking spaces in the centre.For the underground garage of the 3rd embodiment, need to around jack, leave enough parking spaces.
Step 40, steel frame construction arranging multiplayer, that park cars on this jack.Arrange horizontal pull bar at every one deck steel frame construction, push away or be drawn to the earth's surface for the lateral direction of car that will rise to ground.
Vertical shaft can arranging multiplayer according to actual conditions, and when height of car was 1.6-2.2 rice, it was 1.8-2.5 rice that every layer height is set, and usually can arrange the 4-12 layer at underground parking usually.The number of plies can be still less, but the number of plies reduces the cost that can increase single parking stall.
The top of vertical shaft is that the precast reinforced concrete beam slab covers, so that the top of this precast reinforced concrete wallboard is exactly passage, this precast reinforced concrete wallboard is enough to support the original article in ground and pedestrian's driving.Use the precast reinforced concrete wallboard to make around the vertical shaft and can hold elevating mechanism and park the space that platform exists.
Structure for the underground garage of above-mentioned first and second and three embodiment, after having made up above-mentioned steel frame construction, also need to make up parking space, above-mentioned steel frame construction is used for lifting, and not only be used for parking, around lifting structure or a plurality of parking spaces side by side of intermediate arrangement of the lifting structure of both sides.How row parks vehicle side by side in parking space, and namely every one deck of parking space is parked many row's cars, and vehicle can make vertically or laterally and park, and it is individual that a common row parks 10-12, and this quantity can be according to actual lateral separation adjustment.Like this, vertical shaft need to be arranged as rectangle, and the distance of front side and rear side is slightly larger than the vehicle commander, and the distance on left side and right side is slightly larger than overall width.The steel concrete wall all can arrange horizontal pull bar in the front and back of every one deck parking space, is used for certain vehicle of a row is shifted onto another row's position.
In a plurality of embodiment, the application's job practices can be carried out multiple change according to above-mentioned structure needs.
By using construction method of the present invention and operation various underground garages of the present invention, so that in existing commercial area, Office Area and residential block, all can utilize existing traffic road, greenbelt and space among buildings to build the larger underground parking of quantity.Use method and structure of the present invention, protected ground and the underground utilities of existing building, can not cause damage to existing building.Mechanism of the present invention can be in depth more than lower ten meters, and can not produce infringement to ground on every side, thereby can build abundant underground parking.Structure of the present invention is used construction method of the present invention, can be under the prerequisite that not affect existing environment, and finish underground garage with the construction time that is lower than tens of days and build.According to the reality measuring and calculating, the application's parking and the unit interval of picking up the car all are no more than 3 minutes, have so greatly improved efficient, have satisfied actual demand.
The present invention peripheral frame and supporter in description have used the precast reinforced concrete wallboard, are appreciated that the present invention to internal pressure hour, can use the concrete of cast-in-site.For the not high place of cost control, can make steel plate.Although claim of the present invention uses the precast reinforced concrete wallboard to limit, and is appreciated that above-mentioned dual mode also belongs to the similar characteristics of this claim.
According to each embodiment of the present invention, carry out Comprehensive Experiment, take the first embodiment as example, the rate of climb of this vertical shaft is 0.5m/s, and power is 30KW, and maximum the heavy burden is the 15-25 ton, usually light weight is the 1.0-3.0 ton, the general 5-6 layer of setting, height overall 12.5-15.0 rice is proposed the car operation and is generally 1 minute and 35 seconds at every turn like this average time; The fastest 15 seconds, the slowest 2 minutes 55 seconds; Required power consumption is 0.25 degree electricity, and than hinge type or Elevator, speed is faster, and general hinge type or Elevator were carried the car time above 5 minutes, extracts simultaneously above 20 cars in the peak period and can not satisfy use at all.The power consumption of hinge type or Elevator surpasses the structure of the first embodiment more than 10 times, can know through Comprehensive Experiment, and the underground garage of the first embodiment is more energy-conservation, efficient is higher.
In addition, the noise of hinge type or Elevator is larger, be not suitable in the public area using, and the underground garage of the first embodiment is based on hydraulic pressure with push away or spur, and takes noise reduction to process, and can not produce influence of noise.
For the north, vehicle is easily endured cold in lower outdoor of temperature, is difficult to sparking, and the underground garage integral body among the first embodiment is underground below three meters, and arranges the anti-freezing and heat-insulating layer between earth's surface and underground garage integral body, is used for controlling the inner constant temperature of underground garage.
It should be noted that at last, above embodiment is only in order to describe technical scheme of the present invention rather than the present technique method is limited, the present invention can extend to other modification, variation, application and embodiment on using, and therefore thinks that all such modifications, variation, application, embodiment are in spirit of the present invention and teachings.

Claims (11)

1. the underground garage of a multilayer, it is characterized in that, comprise and be positioned at following left and right two vertical shafts in earth's surface, each vertical shaft is divided into more piece according to the height of vehicle, the parking space that is divided into multilayer between two vertical shafts corresponding to each joint is arranged steel frame construction hollow, that be used for stopping between the vertical shaft of the left and right sides; Each joint place of left and right vertical shaft, away from arranging horizontal pull bar on the side sheet of parking space or on the top; The left side of left vertical shaft is the precast reinforced concrete wallboard, and the front and back side is the precast reinforced concrete wallboard; The right side of right vertical shaft is the precast reinforced concrete wallboard, and the front and back side also is the precast reinforced concrete wallboard;
Wherein, the bottom of each vertical shaft is the first floor concrete structure, box out in the concrete structure, the mobile jib that is used for the sinking hydraulic jack, the bottom of this concrete structure is hollow structure, be used for arranging the mobile jib of jack in this hollow structure, the bottom of this hollow structure is the second layer concrete structure of sinking, and the pedestal of jack is arranged on this concrete structure; Left side, front and back side steel concrete wall and right side steelframe are arranged on the first concrete structure, and the first floor concrete structure is plate, and blade is left in the end, and the middle reinforcing bar that uses is poured into a mould; The shoulder of jack is on the first floor concrete.
2. underground garage claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, the right side of left vertical shaft and parking space UNICOM, and the right side of left vertical shaft is the cored steel shelf structure; The left side of right vertical shaft and parking space UNICOM, the left side of right vertical shaft is the cored steel shelf structure; The precast reinforced concrete wallboard is comprised of concrete and reinforcing bar, and there is many spaces, parallel ventilation ventilating water pipes the centre.
3. underground garage claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that, the periphery of parking space uses the precast reinforced concrete wallboard to make up, the inside of parking space is described cored steel shelf structure, and steel frame construction is vertical multilayer, lays guide rail in the direction of left and right sides vertical shaft connection on every layer of steel frame construction, place a plurality of platforms of parking on the guide rail, park the edge placement block rubber of platform, arrange four pulleys under the platform, the longitudinal pitch of pulley equals the distance of adjacent rails;
Wherein, guide rail is arranging two grooves near an end of vertical shaft or an end place of close parking space afterbody, and the spacing of two grooves equals the distance of shaft centers of two pulleys.
4. underground garage claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, arranges lift platform in the vertical shaft, and jack mechanism is arranged in the bottom of vertical shaft, is used for the lift platform lifting in the vertical shaft; Jack mechanism is arranged in the concrete structure of silo bottom, and the top of jack mechanism is by concrete structural supports, with lift platform lifting or the decline on its top; Each joint place of vertical shaft arranges induction installation, the position that is used for the decline of sensing lift platform or promotes, and this position is with lift platform every one deck corresponding to parking space; Stack a plurality of landings on the lift platform in the vertical shaft, these a plurality of landings are corresponding to parking space.
5. underground garage claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that, arrange horizontal pull bar on the left side steel concrete wall at each joint place of left vertical shaft or on the hoist top, push away or be drawn to the parking space of this layer for the lateral direction of car that will rise or drop to this joint, perhaps the vehicle on parking space right side is pushed away or draw be put into right vertical shaft on the platform that should save, so that this vehicle is risen or descends; Laterally pull bar uses horizontal jack, elastic mechanism or uses electronic merogenesis pull bar; This horizontal pull bar push away or pull distance is to park the width of platform.
6. underground garage claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, arrange horizontal pull bar on the right side steel concrete wall at each joint place of right vertical shaft or on the hoist top, push away or be drawn to the parking space of this layer for the lateral direction of car that will rise or drop to this joint, perhaps the vehicle in parking space left side is pushed away or draw be put into left vertical shaft on the platform that should save, so that this vehicle is risen or descends; Laterally pull bar uses horizontal jack, elastic mechanism or uses electronic merogenesis pull bar; This horizontal pull bar push away or pull distance is to park the width of platform.
7. underground garage claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that, the top of parking space is that the precast reinforced concrete beam slab covers, so that parking space is in up and down closed state; The upper design of the entrance of vertical shaft is for being higher than the road surface, earth's surface; Perhaps with upper top cover arranged around rubber ring, make its sealing; Perhaps in the down-hole drainage mechanism is set, the current that are used for flowing into are extracted out, perhaps in the position a little more than the road surface, earth's surface of entrance inside discharge gutter are set.
8. underground garage claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that, a plurality of punching high-voltage tubes of vertical internal placement of this steel concrete plate are used for logical water under high pressure; This high-voltage tube is evenly arranged in this steel concrete wall, equidistantly or not equidistant; The steel concrete wall laterally and vertically be connected the composition one with another piece precast reinforced concrete wallboard; Horizontal edge at every steel concrete wall is set to a plurality of contract degree of lip-roundings, is used for agreeing with mutually up and down; The vertical direction of every steel concrete wall uses mutually the mode of indent and evagination that two steel concrete walls are agreed with.
9. underground garage claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, this underground garage also comprises electric-control system, this electric-control system connects jack, the horizontal pull bar of vertical shaft and the induction installation of vertical shaft, be used for controlling rising and the decline of jack, the laterally action of pull bar, the induced signal of reception induction installation; This underground garage also comprises intelligence control system, be used for automatically controlling vehicle stand, go out car order, reservation stops getting; Arrange the temporary parking space in the both sides that the vertical shaft perpendicular to parking space exports, be used for the vehicle of emersion is parked temporarily.
10. underground garage claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that, every steel concrete wall is fixed by the mode of Plate Welding in vertical and horizontal direction; Perhaps vertical direction is welded on every layer support bar on two steel concrete walls that are connected;
Use a plurality of parallel support bars to link to each other between two blocks of relative wallboards, support bar is placed on the prefabricated bracket in wallboard top, and this bracket holds support bar, and support bar is with the wallboard cross binding.
11. underground garage claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that, this steel concrete wall separately, in the vertical direction arranges nine-squares beam unanimous between the higher and lower levels, corresponding being close to of nine-squares beam of the steel concrete wall that links to each other up and down, the from top to bottom built-in finish rolling screw rod of nine-squares beam closely connects two steel concrete walls.
CN 201110079365 2011-03-30 2011-03-30 Underground garage Expired - Fee Related CN102182338B (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1120104A (en) * 1994-09-16 1996-04-10 阎林森 Film water wall sinking method
CN101113644A (en) * 2007-08-30 2008-01-30 上海交通大学 Double alley way layered carrying rollaway nest side by side storing type mechanical type parking system
CN101122186A (en) * 2007-08-30 2008-02-13 上海交通大学 One laneway built-out hoistway layered transportation rolling way parallel parking type mechanical parking system
CN101122184A (en) * 2007-08-30 2008-02-13 上海交通大学 One laneway built-out hoistway layered transportation rolling way parallel parking type mechanical parking system
CN101122189A (en) * 2007-08-30 2008-02-13 上海交通大学 Double laneway transition passage layered transportation rolling way parallel parking type mechanical parking system

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1120104A (en) * 1994-09-16 1996-04-10 阎林森 Film water wall sinking method
CN101113644A (en) * 2007-08-30 2008-01-30 上海交通大学 Double alley way layered carrying rollaway nest side by side storing type mechanical type parking system
CN101122186A (en) * 2007-08-30 2008-02-13 上海交通大学 One laneway built-out hoistway layered transportation rolling way parallel parking type mechanical parking system
CN101122184A (en) * 2007-08-30 2008-02-13 上海交通大学 One laneway built-out hoistway layered transportation rolling way parallel parking type mechanical parking system
CN101122189A (en) * 2007-08-30 2008-02-13 上海交通大学 Double laneway transition passage layered transportation rolling way parallel parking type mechanical parking system

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