CN102182131B - Water permeable paving plate and construction method thereof - Google Patents

Water permeable paving plate and construction method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102182131B
CN102182131B CN201110082534XA CN201110082534A CN102182131B CN 102182131 B CN102182131 B CN 102182131B CN 201110082534X A CN201110082534X A CN 201110082534XA CN 201110082534 A CN201110082534 A CN 201110082534A CN 102182131 B CN102182131 B CN 102182131B
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layer
water
ground
permeable
substrate layer
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CN102182131A (en
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于曙银
平岡靖隆
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于曙银
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/60Planning or developing urban green infrastructure

Abstract

The invention relates to building materials, in particular to a water permeable paving plate and a construction method thereof, wherein a base plate layer and a water permeable layer are provided and the water permeable layer is fixed on the base plate layer. The water permeable paving plate is characterized in that more than two massive paving bodies are arranged in the water permeable layer, the massive paving bodies are fixed on the base plate layer and mutually separated to form a water permeable ditch loop, a water filter is arranged in the water permeable ditch loop and is connected with the base plate layer, and a water guiding hole is arranged on a position on the base plate layer corresponding to the water permeable ditch loop. Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects of effectively avoiding the impeded drainage caused by the blocking of the water guiding hole, effectively restraining the occurrence of urban heat island, reducing the labor intensity of staff when paving and achieving the obvious advantages of reasonable structure, convenience for paving, energy saving, environmental protection, good drainage effect and the like.

Description

A kind of permeable pavement plate and job practices thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to constructional materials, is a kind of permeable pavement plate and job practices thereof specifically.
Background technology
In recent years, Ordinary Rd is in the majority with bituminous pavement road, at asphalt road rain up and down, scarcely is penetrated into the underground sewer that flows directly into.Urban area particularly, when raining in torrents, when rainwater flowed into the rivers and creeks through sewer, because current are too anxious, the danger that the rivers and creeks spreads unchecked also increased, and was impregnated into underground water source on the contrary and but reduced gradually, and the degradation problem also often takes place under the domain.
In addition, flexible pavement because solar energy source causes temperature rising, particularly summer, also is considered to cause the major reason of heat island phenomenon.General dwelling house is arranged again; The ground of communal facility, owing to have the words of water can send out cunning, so generally all require to carry out waterproofing work; Do ditch, only a few place on it; The main effect in this ditch is in order to expand with heat and contract with cold, and requires high-precision construction, does not have skilled professional to be difficult to accomplish.
For solving problem as above, the way that has is to be fixed on finished-product material on the supporters such as cystosepiment or GRC, on support frame, stamps the perforation permeable hole then.Above-mentioned mats formation plate after being provided with on the ground, and the permeable hole of supporter exposes, and outward appearance is bad, and advances dust rubbish easily, thereby causes the destruction of permeable technical ability.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed to the deficiency that exists in the prior art, it is beautiful to propose a kind of outward appearance, and can keep the permeable pavement plate and the job practices thereof of pervious function for a long time.
The present invention can reach through following measure.
A kind of permeable pavement plate is provided with substrate layer and pervious layer, and wherein pervious layer is fixed on the substrate layer; It is characterized in that being provided with in the pervious layer the block body of laying more than two, the block body of laying is fixed on the substrate layer, and leaves mutually each other; The formation permeable ditch is returned; Be provided with water strainer in permeable ditch is returned, water strainer is connected with substrate layer, and substrate layer and permeable ditch are gone back to corresponding position and be provided with water-guiding hole.
Water strainer is made up of water permeability framework and drainage obturator among the present invention, and the drainage obturator is positioned at the water permeability framework, and the drainage obturator can adopt through the fixing coccoid of viscose, to reach the purpose of foreign material in the filtered water.
It is that the silica sand of 0.3~1.2mm processes that drainage obturator among the present invention in the water strainer can adopt granular size, can form capillary property permeability passage, to reach good drainage, pervious function.
The bulk of pervious layer of the present invention is laid body can be rectangle, circle, and block laying body can adopt and be processed into block brick, stone, ceramic tile etc.
Substrate layer of the present invention can adopt and include concrete prefabricated board, fiber reinforced cement board, and the concrete prefabricated board that includes cystosepiment, and fibre reinforcement plates etc. process, and have advantages such as in light weight, that heat-proof quality good, intensity is big.
The present invention can be provided with the ground layer of mating formation in the substrate layer bottom side, and substrate layer can be fixed on the ground layer of mating formation through securing members such as bolts, and the ground layer of mating formation can be provided with two above water-guiding holes; Formation possesses the ground of mating formation of water permeability, and it is underground to guarantee that water saturates arrives, and prevents spreading unchecked of riverbed; Also the surface is provided with two above supporters above that, and substrate layer is connected through supporter with the ground layer of mating formation, and supporter cuts off substrate layer and the space between the ground layer of mating formation; Form water storage cavity, water storage cavity is connected with pervious layer through the water-guiding hole of substrate layer, is used to store the moisture that penetrates through pervious layer; When fine, the moisture content that is stored in subterranean stream or the water storage cavity can return through water-guiding hole, permeable ditch again successively, is evaporated in the atmosphere; Thereby suppress the excessive rising of temperature, suppress the heat island phenomenon in summer.
A kind of job practices of permeable pavement plate is characterized in that comprising the steps:
Step 1: processing permeable pavement plate,
Step 2: process the ground of mating formation,
Step 3: the plate of will mating formation is fixed on the ground of mating formation.
The processing of permeable pavement plate described in the step 1 of the present invention comprises the steps:
Step 1: the substrate processing layer, be provided with the water-guiding hole that runs through substrate layer more than two on the substrate layer,
Step 2: processing lumpy is laid body, and is fixed on the substrate layer, and the block body of laying leaves each other mutually, forms permeable ditch and returns, and make water-guiding hole on the substrate layer be positioned at permeable ditch and go back to the bottom,
Step 3: make water strainer, water strainer is packed in permeable ditch returns, and be connected with substrate layer.
The processing that the processing of water strainer comprises the drainage framework and is positioned at the drainage obturator of drainage framework among the present invention; Wherein the drainage framework can adopt metal material such as iron, aluminium, copper to process, and the drainage obturator is that the silica sand of 0.3 ~ 1.2mm forms through the viscose bonding by granular size.
The processing of ground of mating formation in the step 3 of the present invention can be processed as the permeable pavement ground, specifically comprises the steps:
Step 1: spread rubble on the ground and roll formation support road dish,
Step 2: on the dish of support road, lay lime, and carry out the top layer and smoothly adjust, form the adjustment layer with porous performance,
Step 3: above the adjustment layer, lay the permeable pavement plate, the permeable pavement plate is fixed on the ground of mating formation.
The processing of ground of mating formation in the step 3 of the present invention can be processed into the ground of mating formation with water storage portion, specifically comprises the steps:
Step 1: use the concrete for making impervious layer,
Step 2: two above supporters are set on impervious layer,
Step 3: the permeable pavement plate is fixed on the supporter, forms water storage cavity between the ground thereby make the permeable pavement plate and mat formation, this being configured between storm period, water storage cavity can suitably be saved the part water yield, reduces the danger that the rivers and creeks spreads unchecked.
The present invention compared with prior art; Can effectively avoid water-guiding hole to stop up the impeded drainage that causes, owing in the permeable ditch of pervious layer is returned, be provided with water strainer, the plate bottom of mating formation is connected with the external world simultaneously; Thereby realize that the moisture rainy day enters underground; Fine day is evaporated in the air, has effectively suppressed the generation of city hot island phenomenon, have rational in infrastructure, lay convenience, energy-conserving and environment-protective, drainage effect advantage significantly such as good.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing 1 is the structural representation when pervious layer is not packed water strainer among the present invention.
Accompanying drawing 2 is pervious layer structural representations behind the water strainer of packing among the present invention.
Accompanying drawing 3 is the sectional views when the permeable pavement plate is not packed water strainer among the present invention.
Accompanying drawing 4 is that water strainer is arranged in the state diagram that permeable ditch is returned among the present invention.
Accompanying drawing 5 is a kind of construction sketch mapes of the present invention.
Accompanying drawing 6 is another kind of construction sketch mapes of the present invention.
Reference numeral: substrate layer 1, pervious layer 2, blockly lay that body 3, permeable ditch return 4, water strainer 5, water-guiding hole 6, framework 7, drainage obturator 8, the ground layer 9 of mating formation, supporter 10, water storage cavity 11, support road dish 12, adjustment layer 13.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the present invention is further described.
The present invention proposes a kind of permeable pavement plate, be provided with substrate layer 1 and pervious layer 2, wherein pervious layer 2 is fixed on the substrate layer 1; It is characterized in that being provided with in the pervious layer 2 the block body 3 of laying more than two, bulk is laid modes such as body 3 can pass through that viscose coheres and is fixed on the substrate layer 1, and the block body 3 of laying leaves each other mutually; Form permeable ditch and return 4, permeable ditch is returned and is provided with water strainer 5 in 4, and water strainer 5 can pass through metal fastenings such as screw and be connected with substrate layer 1; Be convenient to dismounting, clean, substrate layer 1 goes back to 4 corresponding positions with permeable ditch and is provided with water-guiding hole 6, and water-guiding hole 6 connects substrate layer 1; Be used for extraneous moisture is entered underground, water strainer 5 is made up of water permeability framework 7 and drainage obturator 8 among the present invention, and drainage obturator 8 is positioned at water permeability framework 7; Be positioned at the top of water-guiding hole 6 on the substrate layer 1 simultaneously, be used for filtering the foreign material that the external world enters water, water strainer 5 also can play the effect of blocking water-guiding hole in addition; Make and lay integral body and seem more attractive in appearance, it is that the silica sand of 0.3~1.2mm processes that the drainage obturators 8 among the present invention in the water strainer 5 can adopt granular size, in filter process, can form capillary property permeability passage; Reaching good drainage, pervious function, the bulks in the pervious layer 2 of the present invention are laid bodies 3 can be rectangle, circle, block lay body 3 can ceramic tile, materials such as brick, stone; Be processed into bulk and process, the substrate layer among the present invention can adopt the concrete prefabricated board or the fibre reinforcement plate that include cystosepiment to process, and makes it have advantages such as in light weight, that heat-proof quality good, intensity is big; The present invention can be provided with the ground layer 9 of mating formation in substrate layer 1 bottom side, and substrate layer 1 can be fixed on the ground layer 9 of mating formation through securing members such as bolts, and the ground layer 9 of mating formation can be provided with two above water-guiding holes; Formation possesses the ground of mating formation of water permeability, and it is underground to guarantee that water saturates arrives, and prevents spreading unchecked of riverbed; Also the surface is provided with two above supporters 10 above that, and substrate layer 1 is connected through supporter 10 with the ground layer 9 of mating formation, and supporter 10 cuts off substrate layers 1 and the space between the ground layer 9 of mating formation; Form water storage cavity 11; Water storage cavity 11 returns 4 through the permeable ditch of the water-guiding hole 6 of substrate layer 1, pervious layer 2 and is connected with the external world, is used to store the moisture that penetrates through pervious layer, when fine; The moisture content that stores can return 4 through water-guiding hole 6, permeable ditch again successively; Be evaporated in the atmosphere, thereby the excessive rising of inhibition temperature suppresses the heat island phenomenon in summer.
The present invention proposes a kind of job practices of permeable pavement plate, it is characterized in that comprising the steps: step 1: processing permeable pavement plate, step 2: process the ground layer 9 of mating formation, step 3: the plate of will mating formation is fixed on the ground layer 9 of mating formation.
The processing of the said permeable pavement plate of step 1 comprises the steps: step 1 among the present invention: substrate processing layer 1 is being provided with the water-guiding hole 6 that runs through substrate layer more than two, step 2 on the substrate layer 1: processing lumpy is laid body 3; And be fixed on the substrate layer 1, the block body 3 of laying leaves each other mutually, forms permeable ditch and returns 4; Make water-guiding hole 6 on the substrate layer 1 be positioned at permeable ditch and go back to 4 bottoms; Step 3: make water strainer 5, water strainer 5 permeable ditch of packing into is returned in 4, and be connected with substrate layer 1.
Shown in accompanying drawing 7, the processing of the ground layer 9 of mating formation described in the step 3 of the present invention can be processed as the permeable pavement ground, and it specifically comprises the steps:
Step 1: spread rubble on the ground and roll formation support road dish 12,
Step 2: on support road dish 12, lay lime, and carry out the top layer and smoothly adjust, form adjustment layer 13 with porous performance,
Step 3: above adjustment layer 13, lay the permeable pavement plate, the permeable pavement plate is fixed on the ground layer 9 of mating formation.
The ground layer 9 of mating formation in the step 3 of the present invention can be processed as the impermeability ground of mating formation, and it specifically comprises the steps:
Step 1: use the concrete for making impervious layer,
Step 2: two above supporters 10 are set on impervious layer,
Step 3: the permeable pavement plate is fixed on the supporter 10, makes the permeable pavement plate and mat formation to form water storage cavity 11 between the ground layer.
Be provided with the water conservation body in the permeable pavement plate and the water storage cavity 11 that forms between the ground layer 9 of mating formation among the present invention.
The present invention compared with prior art can effectively avoid water-guiding hole to stop up the impeded drainage that causes, simultaneously owing in the permeable ditch of pervious layer is returned, be provided with water strainer; The plate bottom of mating formation is connected with the external world, thereby it is underground to realize that the moisture rainy day enters, fine day is evaporated in the air; Effectively suppressed the generation of city hot island phenomenon, in addition, pervious layer and substrate layer are one through being processed to form among the present invention; Easy construction during laying can effectively reduce staff's labour intensity, and the bulk of pervious layer is laid plate and water strainer structure and made under the occasion of establishing on ground or people's walking along the street upper berth of building; Needn't carry out the processing of high-precision ditch; Even laying face is somewhat uneven, problems such as occluded water can not appear yet, have rational in infrastructure, lay convenience, energy-conserving and environment-protective, drainage effect advantage significantly such as good.

Claims (9)

1. a permeable pavement plate is provided with substrate layer and pervious layer, and wherein pervious layer is fixed on the substrate layer; It is characterized in that being provided with in the pervious layer the block body of laying more than two, the block body of laying is fixed on the substrate layer, and leaves mutually each other; The formation permeable ditch is returned; Be provided with water strainer in permeable ditch is returned, water strainer is connected with substrate layer, and substrate layer and permeable ditch are gone back to corresponding position and be provided with water-guiding hole; Said water strainer is made up of water permeability framework and drainage obturator, and the drainage obturator is positioned at the water permeability framework.
2. a kind of permeable pavement plate according to claim 1 is characterized in that the granular size in the drainage obturator in the water strainer is 0.3~1.2mm.
3. a kind of permeable pavement plate according to claim 1 is characterized in that the bulk of pervious layer is laid body for circular.
4. a kind of permeable pavement plate according to claim 1 is characterized in that being provided with the ground layer of mating formation in the substrate layer bottom side, and the ground layer of mating formation is provided with water-guiding hole, and substrate layer is fixed on the ground layer of mating formation.
5. a kind of permeable pavement plate according to claim 4; It is characterized in that being provided with two above supporters at the ground layer upper surface of mating formation; Substrate layer is connected through supporter with the ground layer of mating formation; Supporter cuts off substrate layer and the space of mating formation between the ground layer, the formation water storage cavity, and water storage cavity returns with the external world through water-guiding hole, the permeable ditch of substrate layer and is connected.
6. job practices like any described permeable pavement plate in the claim 1 to 5; It is characterized in that comprising the steps: step 1: processing permeable pavement plate; Step 2: process the ground of mating formation, step 3: the plate of will mating formation is fixed on the ground of mating formation.
7. the job practices of a kind of permeable pavement plate according to claim 6 is characterized in that the processing of the plate of permeable pavement described in the step 1 comprises the steps: step 1: the substrate processing layer is being provided with the water-guiding hole that runs through substrate layer more than two on the substrate layer; Step 2: processing lumpy is laid body; And be fixed on the substrate layer, the block body of laying leaves each other mutually, forms permeable ditch and returns; Make water-guiding hole on the substrate layer be positioned at permeable ditch and go back to the bottom; Step 3: make water strainer, water strainer is packed in permeable ditch returns, and be connected with substrate layer.
8. the job practices of a kind of permeable pavement plate according to claim 7; The body of tool that adds of ground of it is characterized in that mating formation comprises the steps: step 1: spread rubble on the ground and roll to form and support the road dish; Step 2: on the dish of support road, lay lime, and carry out the top layer and smoothly adjust, form the adjustment layer with porous performance; Step 3: above the adjustment layer, lay the permeable pavement plate, the permeable pavement plate is fixed on the ground of mating formation.
9. the job practices of a kind of permeable pavement plate according to claim 7; The body of tool that adds of ground of it is characterized in that mating formation comprises the steps: step 1: use the concrete for making impervious layer; Step 2: two above supporters are set on impervious layer; Step 3: the permeable pavement plate is fixed on the supporter, makes the permeable pavement plate and mat formation to form water storage cavity between the ground.
CN201110082534XA 2011-04-02 2011-04-02 Water permeable paving plate and construction method thereof Expired - Fee Related CN102182131B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201110082534XA CN102182131B (en) 2011-04-02 2011-04-02 Water permeable paving plate and construction method thereof

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104878827A (en) * 2015-04-29 2015-09-02 成都格瑞思文化传播有限公司 Road drainage structure
CN109137663B (en) * 2018-08-31 2021-03-16 安徽金鹏建设集团股份有限公司 Production method of road engineering footpath brick

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2231816A1 (en) * 1973-06-01 1974-12-27 Auray Didier Road or runway surface to prevent aquaplaning - has strips attached to surface transversely to direction of travel
EP1079024A2 (en) * 1999-08-27 2001-02-28 Nihon Kogyo Co., Ltd. Paving block and laying structure thereof
CN2550408Y (en) * 2002-05-28 2003-05-14 李兰英 Longitudinal water draining body for road edge
CN101403209A (en) * 2008-11-05 2009-04-08 深圳市建筑科学研究院有限公司 Fast water-permeable brick for stopping pad and laying method
CN101831855A (en) * 2010-03-25 2010-09-15 马银华 Waterproof pavement structure and construction method thereof
CN201952701U (en) * 2011-04-02 2011-08-31 于曙银 Water-permeability paving board

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2231816A1 (en) * 1973-06-01 1974-12-27 Auray Didier Road or runway surface to prevent aquaplaning - has strips attached to surface transversely to direction of travel
EP1079024A2 (en) * 1999-08-27 2001-02-28 Nihon Kogyo Co., Ltd. Paving block and laying structure thereof
CN2550408Y (en) * 2002-05-28 2003-05-14 李兰英 Longitudinal water draining body for road edge
CN101403209A (en) * 2008-11-05 2009-04-08 深圳市建筑科学研究院有限公司 Fast water-permeable brick for stopping pad and laying method
CN101831855A (en) * 2010-03-25 2010-09-15 马银华 Waterproof pavement structure and construction method thereof
CN201952701U (en) * 2011-04-02 2011-08-31 于曙银 Water-permeability paving board

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