CN102181986B - Method for preparing warm composite woven fabric - Google Patents

Method for preparing warm composite woven fabric Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102181986B
CN102181986B CN 201110129956 CN201110129956A CN102181986B CN 102181986 B CN102181986 B CN 102181986B CN 201110129956 CN201110129956 CN 201110129956 CN 201110129956 A CN201110129956 A CN 201110129956A CN 102181986 B CN102181986 B CN 102181986B
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China
Prior art keywords
weft
latitude
warp
warp thread
yarn
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CN 201110129956
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102181986A (en
Inventor
胡宝栓
刘锁银
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江阴福斯特纺织有限公司
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Priority to CN 201110129956 priority Critical patent/CN102181986B/en
Publication of CN102181986A publication Critical patent/CN102181986A/en
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Abstract

The invention relates to a method for preparing warm composite woven fabric. The warm composite woven fabric is prepared by interweaving a group of warp yarns (1) and three groups of filling yarns in an overlapped way, wherein the three groups of filling yarns are respectively face weft (2), intermediate weft (2') and back weft (2''), the face weft (2), the intermediate weft (2') and the back weft (2'') are arranged according to the proportion of 1:1:1, the warp yarn (1) and the face weft (2) are woven into satin weave which has 8 lines and 5 step weft faces and serves as a surface layer according to a mode of an upper needle and seven lower needles and 5 weft step numbers, the warp yarn (1) and the back weft (2'') are woven into satin weave which has 8 lines and 5 step weft faces and serves as a lining according to a mode of an upper needle and seven lower needles and 5 weft step numbers, the warp yarn (1) and the intermediate weft (2') take honeycomb weave as an intermediate layer in terms of Rj equal to Rw and equal to 8, and the Rj and the Rw are respectively the circulated yarn numbers of warp weave and weft weave. The warm composite woven fabric prepared by the method integrates the characteristics of light weight, super warm property, softness, comfortableness, moisture absorption, air permeability, bacterial resistance and bacterial restraint, and the production is simple and easy to implement.

Description

The preparation method of warm composite woven fabric
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of warm composite woven fabric.Belong to the garment material technical field.
Background technology
The development of society and the change of life style make people more and more higher to the performance requirement of clothes, and traditional thermal fabric is generally more too fat to move, are not easy to motion and lack again aesthetic feeling; For worker or the sporter under extreme low temperature, the dark wet environment, common thermal fabric is not well positioned to meet the warmth retention property requirement of clothes.
Also occurred some thermal fabrics in the prior art, usually realized by following several approach:
Scheme one: adopt that feather, hollow chemical fiber are pure to be spun or the blended yarn longitude and latitude interweaves, increase the fabric air content, reduce heat and scatter and disappear with conduction pattern; Or adopt the superfine Denier fibre arranged in high density, and stop air to see through, reduce heat and scatter and disappear with convection type;
Scheme two: employing ceramic pure fibers spins or the blended yarn longitude and latitude interweaves or to the fabric face coating film treatment, the radiant heat of human body is reflected at the internal layer of fabric, reduces heat and scatters and disappears with radiation mode.
Yet the deficiency of scheme one is: adopt feather, doughnut or the highdensity configuration of super fine denier can only reduce to greatest extent conduction or to streamed heat loss, and still air content is only realized by means of the hollow structure of yarn; The deficiency of scheme two is: adopt ceramic fiber or fabric face coating film treatment, though can reduce the reflection of radiant heat on the fabric internal layer, but can't reduce conduction, to streamed heat loss, because only have one group of warp thread and one group of weft yarn, the most important thing is that two schemes all only embodies thermal effect, function singleness, and warming effect is not very desirable.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed to above deficiency, purpose is to provide that a kind of light weight warming effect is desirable, soft comfortable, moisture absorption is ventilative, the preparation method of bactericidal and simple warm composite woven fabric.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this: a kind of preparation method of warm composite woven fabric, it is by one group of warp thread and three groups of overlapping being interwoven of weft yarn, wherein three groups of weft yarns are respectively table latitude, middle latitude and back weft, and table latitude: middle latitude: back weft=1:1:1 arranges; It is 5 to be woven into 8 piece 5 and to fly satin and do the top layer that warp thread and table latitude fly number by seven times latitudes on, it is 5 to be woven into 8 piece 5 and to fly satin and make nexine that warp thread and back weft fly number by seven times latitudes on, warp thread and middle latitude are done the middle level with the honeycomb weave of (through, latitude Weaving Cycle number of threads) Rj=Rw=8, and the centre that the middle level of honeycomb weave is clipped in composite thermal fabric has formed the hollow structure of a larger sealing;
The building method of described honeycomb weave is like this: the diamond twill that at first forms take 1/4 twill is as basic organization, again the broken line of the cornerwise lower right corner of rhombus part is pulled down lattice, then by diagonal division and be separated by in the up and down blank area of a latitude interlacing point with diagonal, increase gradually from inside to outside by float length through interlacing point, this moment is from the front, the floating long line of warp that the diagonal top and the bottom present from inside to outside centers on, about present the latitude that prolongs from inside to outside and float long line and center on; See from the negative, the floating long line of latitude that cornerwise top and the bottom present from inside to outside centers on, about present the floating long line of the warp that prolongs from inside to outside and center on, thereby tow sides all form around flotation line relax and swell and the recessed rectangle honeycomb weave of center flotation line.Therefore described honeycomb weave middle level has the tow sides concave-convex sense, and elastic polyester T-400D can increase the yarn shrinkage degree in addition, further strengthens the concave-convex sense of honeycomb, guarantees the stability of structure.
Described warp thread is 60 SLong-staple cotton, comfortable feel gloss is soft;
Described table latitude is one group of table latitude that 50D sunlight heat accumulation thermal fiber solar-α and 50D elastic polyester T-400 network yarn are arranged according to 1:1, this 50D sunlight heat accumulation thermal fiber solar-α is take zirconium carbide micropowder (particle mean size≤0.4 μ m) as core, the composite fibre take terylene as skin.
Described middle latitude to be 50D Coolmax network yarn (moisture absorbing and sweat releasing network yarn) arrange according to 1:1 with 50D elastic polyester T-400 network yarn in one group latitude.
Described back weft is one group of back weft being arranged according to 1:1 by 50D silver ion terylene net-thread and 50D elastic polyester T-400 network yarn.
Described warp count is 180 pieces/inch, and the table weft density is 100 pieces/inch; Middle weft density is 100 pieces/inch, and back weft density is 100 pieces/inch.
The present invention is a kind of warm composite woven fabric, it is newly-increased intermediate layer with honeycomb weave of concave-convex sense between the table nexine of overlapping continuous satin tissue, fabric utilizes the hollow environment of three-layer stereo structure and honeycomb weave to hold to greatest extent still air, the simultaneously collocation of super fine denier network yarn and elastic polyester T-400 further strengthens the warming bulkiness of fabric and has certain elasticity; Next, sunlight heat-absorption and the reflected infrared ray of table latitude can realize that the still air of centering Altitude is implemented the actively effect of heating, the Moisture absorption ﹠ moisture conductivity of middle latitude and the bactericidal of back weft, moisture absorption are breathed freely and are made fabric realize comfort health-care.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
1, adopt three layers stereochemical structure, can bring into play table, in, nexine fabric characteristics and stereo hollow environment, reach and have complementary advantages and the effect of enhancing.
2, described warp thread is 60 SLong-staple cotton, comfortable feel gloss is soft; Described table latitude is one group of table latitude that 50D sunlight heat accumulation thermal fiber solar-α and 50D elastic polyester T-400 network yarn are arranged according to 1:1, this 50D sunlight heat accumulation thermal fiber solar-α is as core take zirconium carbide micropowder (particle mean size≤0.4 μ m), composite fibre take terylene as skin, utilize the light of the absorption sunshine medium wavelength of zirconium carbide micropowder<2 μ m, be converted into heat with the form of ultrared radiation and pass to human body, the heat that human body distributes belongs to far infrared, be reflected back human body by solar-α again, so under solar radiation, the more common clothes of the clothes that this fiber is made is high 2~8 ℃, even cloudy temperature is higher 2 ℃ than business suit, so the top layer fabric has absorption solar energy, realize the function of positive heat production.
3, described middle latitude to be 50D Coolmax network yarn and 50D elastic polyester T-400 network yarn arrange according to 1:1 in one group latitude, Coolmax fiber cross section shape is unique---be flat " ten " font, fiber surface forms four perspire pipelines (i.e. four tubuloses), and cross section makes the very large space of existence between the fiber, has good gas permeability.Just because of the unique physical structure of this fiber, can detach skin to making soaked with sweat on the skin at any time, thereby be transferred to the rapidly evaporation of fabric surface, make skin keep dry and comfortable and comfortable; Elastic polyester T-400 is that the polyester fiber composite spinning by two kinds of different percent thermal shrinkages forms, thereby middle shell fabric has Moisture absorption ﹠ moisture conductivity and good warmth retention property and bulkiness.
4, described back weft is one group of back weft being arranged according to 1:1 by 50D silver ion terylene net-thread and 50D elastic polyester T-400 network yarn, this 50D silver ion terylene net-thread silver ion can make the protein in bacterium, the fungus body lose activity, play the effect of sterilization, so the nexine fabric has the bactericidal function.
5, adopt high-count and high-density not only to solve the thick and heavy problem that three-decker may be brought, and height props up, super fine denier makes fabric soft fine and smooth, highdensity design is so that the fabric densification has certain windproof gas permeability.
6, fabric of the present invention is in rear arrangement process, need not to add the chemical assistants such as antibiotic, moisture absorption, ceramic, simplifies the arrangement production procedure and reduces arrangement production control difficulty, do not have chemical residual.
In sum, the stereochemical structure that the present invention is three layers has increased the namely middle latitude of twice and back weft with respect to individual layer satin weave structure so that consist of the yarn system of fabric, on the functional design that embodies fabric, just increase the performance space of twice, more can enrich or strengthen the functionalization of fabric; The elastic shrinkage of weft yarn has further been strengthened the concave-convex sense of middle level honeycomb, make the maximization of fabric middle level stereoeffect and positive and negative is smooth, increase aesthetic property, the warmth retention property of fabric, and give fabric certain elasticity, so the fabric that the present invention is made into is particularly suitable for extreme low temperature and dark moist adverse circumstances worker and sporter.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is thermal fabric structural representation in the prior art (individual layer satin weave).
Fig. 2 is the decomposition texture schematic diagram (three layers of satin weave) of warm composite woven fabric of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the global tissue figure of warm composite woven fabric of the present invention.
Reference numeral among the figure:
Warp thread 1
Table latitude 2
Middle latitude 2 '
Back weft 2 ".
The specific embodiment
Embodiment 1:
Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 1 is thermal fabric structural representation in the prior art.As seen from Figure 1, thermal fabric in the prior art, it flies number by one group of warp thread 1 and one group of table latitude 2 by seven times latitudes on is that 5 to be interwoven be individual layer satin organizational structure.
Embodiment 2: referring to Fig. 2 ~ Fig. 3, Fig. 2 is the structural representation of warm composite woven fabric of the present invention.Fig. 3 is the global tissue figure of warm composite woven fabric of the present invention.Can be found out by Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, the preparation method of warm composite woven fabric of the present invention, it is by one group of warp thread 1 and three groups of overlapping being interwoven of weft yarn, and wherein three groups of weft yarns are respectively table latitude 2, middle latitude 2' and back weft 2'', and table latitude 2: middle latitude 2 ': back weft 2''=1:1:1 arranges; As shown in Figure 2: it is 5 to be woven into 8 piece 5 and to fly satin and do the top layer, warp thread 1 and back weft 2 that warp thread 1 and table latitude 2 fly number by seven times latitudes on, and " flying number by seven times latitudes on is 5 to be woven into 8 piece 5 and to fly satin and make nexine, and warp thread 1 and middle latitude 2' are with R j=R w=8 honeycomb weave is done the middle level, herein R j, R wRepresent respectively warp, latitude Weaving Cycle number of threads.
The building method of described honeycomb weave is like this: (filling yarn that changes before the direction is counted k to the diamond twill that at first forms take 1/4 twill as basic organization J=k w=5, Weaving Cycle number of threads R J=R w=8), again the broken line of the cornerwise lower right corner of rhombus part is pulled down lattice, then by diagonal division and be separated by in the up and down blank area of a latitude interlacing point with diagonal, increase gradually from inside to outside by float length through interlacing point, this moment is from the front, the floating long line of warp that the diagonal top and the bottom present from inside to outside centers on, about present the latitude that prolongs from inside to outside and float long line and center on; See from the negative, the floating long line of latitude that cornerwise top and the bottom present from inside to outside centers on, about present the floating long line of the warp that prolongs from inside to outside and center on, thereby tow sides all form around flotation line relax and swell and the recessed rectangle honeycomb weave of center flotation line.
Described warp thread 1 is 60 SLong-staple cotton.
Described table latitude 2 is one group of table latitude that 50D sunlight heat accumulation thermal fiber solar-α and 50D elastic polyester T-400 network yarn are arranged according to 1:1, this 50D sunlight heat accumulation thermal fiber solar-α is take zirconium carbide micropowder (particle mean size≤0.4 μ m) as core, the composite fibre take terylene as skin.
Described middle latitude 2' to be 50D Coolmax network yarn and 50D elastic polyester T-400 network yarn arrange according to 1:1 in one group latitude.
Described back weft 2'' is one group of back weft being arranged according to 1:1 by 50D silver ion terylene net-thread and 50D elastic polyester T-400 network yarn.
Described warp thread 1 density is 180 pieces/inch, and table latitude 2 density are 100 pieces/inch; Middle latitude 2' density is 100 pieces/inch, and back weft 2'' density is 100 pieces/inch.
The fabric that the present invention is made into only needs common arrangement in rear arrangement: singe → destarch → mercerising → stentering forming → preshrunk.

Claims (1)

1. the preparation method of a warm composite woven fabric, it is characterized in that: it is by one group of warp thread (1) and three groups of overlapping being interwoven of weft yarn, wherein three groups of weft yarns are respectively table latitude (2), middle latitude (2') and back weft (2''), and table latitude (2): middle latitude (2'): back weft (2'')=1:1:1 arranges; It is 5 to be woven into 8 piece 5 and to fly satin and do the top layer that warp thread (1) and table latitude (2) fly number by seven times latitudes on, and (it is 5 to be woven into 8 piece 5 and to fly satin and make nexine that 2 ") fly number by seven times latitudes on, and warp thread (1) and middle latitude (2') are with R for warp thread (1) and back weft j=R w=8 honeycomb weave is done the middle level, described R j, R wRepresent respectively warp, latitude Weaving Cycle number of threads;
The building method of described honeycomb weave is like this: the diamond twill that at first forms take 1/4 twill is as basic organization, again the broken line of the cornerwise lower right corner of rhombus part is pulled down lattice, then by diagonal division and be separated by in the up and down blank area of a latitude interlacing point with diagonal, increase gradually from inside to outside by float length through interlacing point, this moment is from the front, the floating long line of warp that the diagonal top and the bottom present from inside to outside centers on, about present the latitude that prolongs from inside to outside and float long line and center on; See from the negative, the floating long line of latitude that cornerwise top and the bottom present from inside to outside centers on, about present the floating long line of the warp that prolongs from inside to outside and center on, thereby tow sides all form around flotation line relax and swell and the recessed rectangle honeycomb weave of center flotation line;
Described warp thread (1) is 60 SLong-staple cotton;
Described table latitude (2) is one group of table latitude that 50D sunlight heat accumulation thermal fiber solar-α and 50D elastic polyester T-400 network yarn are arranged according to 1:1, this 50D sunlight heat accumulation thermal fiber solar-α be zirconium carbide micropowder take particle mean size≤0.4 μ m as core, the composite fibre take terylene as skin;
Described middle latitude (2') to be 50D Coolmax network yarn and 50D elastic polyester T-400 network yarn arrange according to 1:1 in one group latitude;
Described back weft (2'') is one group of back weft being arranged according to 1:1 by 50D silver ion terylene net-thread and 50D elastic polyester T-400 network yarn;
Described warp thread (1) density is 180 pieces/inch, and table latitude (2) density is 100 pieces/inch; Middle latitude (2') density is 100 pieces/inch, and back weft (2'') density is 100 pieces/inch.
CN 201110129956 2011-05-19 2011-05-19 Method for preparing warm composite woven fabric CN102181986B (en)

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CN102181986B true CN102181986B (en) 2013-03-27

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CN103774317B (en) * 2012-10-19 2016-01-20 际华三五四二纺织有限公司 Rhombus cloth fabric and weaving process thereof
CN104775220B (en) * 2014-12-31 2016-12-07 愉悦家纺有限公司 A kind of blanket and processing method thereof
WO2017091975A1 (en) * 2015-12-01 2017-06-08 盈保发展有限公司 Fabric having high stretchability, favorable breathability, moisture absorption and moisture wicking capacities
CN105386197B (en) * 2015-12-24 2017-08-25 孚日集团股份有限公司 A kind of towel cloth with large knitting needle style
CN107287736B (en) * 2016-07-01 2019-02-22 东丽纤维研究所(中国)有限公司 A kind of stereo fabric
CN107083602A (en) * 2017-04-06 2017-08-22 浙江万姿布业有限公司 A kind of fabric and application thereof
CN107083603B (en) * 2017-04-06 2019-11-22 浙江懿纱纺织科技有限公司 A kind of fabric and application thereof
CN107794624A (en) * 2017-11-09 2018-03-13 吴江市新吴纺织有限公司 The preparation technology and method of a kind of terylene and cotton fiber blended yarn weaved fabric
CN108385237A (en) * 2018-02-26 2018-08-10 张家港普坤毛纺织染有限公司 A kind of mixed cloth and apply its ultraviolet resistant treatment method
CN108342812A (en) * 2018-02-26 2018-07-31 张家港普坤毛纺织染有限公司 A kind of mixed cloth and the heat masking processing method using it

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JP2003286636A (en) * 2002-03-26 2003-10-10 Precision Fukuhara Works Ltd Jacquard cardboard knitted fabric and method for knitting the same
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Effective date of registration: 20170401

Address after: 214400 Zhujianglu Road, Jiangyin City, Jiangsu province Lingang street, No. 205,

Patentee after: Jiangsu Paula Clothing Co. Ltd.

Address before: 214443 Jiangsu province Wuxi Shanghai Lingang Economic Development Zone Jiangyin City sub package Road No. 55

Patentee before: Jiangyin Firstextile Co., Ltd.