CN102180545A - Method for ecologically purifying sewage by interplanting wintergreen plants - Google Patents

Method for ecologically purifying sewage by interplanting wintergreen plants Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102180545A
CN102180545A CN2011100585416A CN201110058541A CN102180545A CN 102180545 A CN102180545 A CN 102180545A CN 2011100585416 A CN2011100585416 A CN 2011100585416A CN 201110058541 A CN201110058541 A CN 201110058541A CN 102180545 A CN102180545 A CN 102180545A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plant
sewage
checkerberry
plants
wetland
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Application number
CN2011100585416A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴永贵
吴宇
付天岭
喻阳华
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贵州碧泰环境生态科技有限公司
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Priority to CN2011100585416A priority Critical patent/CN102180545A/en
Publication of CN102180545A publication Critical patent/CN102180545A/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/10Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for ecologically purifying sewage by interplanting wintergreen plants, belonging to the field of sewage treatment and purification with an ecologic method and aiming at providing an ecological sewage treatment method which is not influenced by season and climatic change. The technical scheme is as follows: the wintergreen plants with high fertilizer consumption and high water consumption are interplanted in a constructed wetland according to a conventional method, wherein the planting density is 10-300 plants per square meter. The method has the advantages of less investment, high efficiency, good sewage purification effect, strong operability, low cost and the like, is convenient for implementation, and can be fully applied to constructed wetlands in Southern areas on large scale for perennially treating the sewage.

Description

The method that interplanting checkerberry plant ecological is purified waste water
Technical field: the present invention relates to a kind of method of ecological purification sewage, relate in particular to a kind of method that is not subjected to seasonal effect to utilize ecological management to purify waste water.
Background technology: well-known, common constructed wetland plant kind is more single, lacks species diversity.Owing to reasons such as season, weathers, common constructed wetland plant just stopped growing at the beginning of annual 11 months, after withered gradually; Plant has been lost the effect that purifies water substantially, and the wetland landscape effect is forfeiture thereupon also; The sewage that enters wetland is not because of having plant absorbing, purification, and environmental pollution is concentrated more, harm is bigger.This phenomenon will last till 3~mid or late May of next year always, and temperature gos up gradually, and after conventional wetland plant such as Canna generalis Bailey, fishscale bamboo, cattail was sprouted normal growth, artificial swamp sewage could be purified gradually.Therefore at winter-spring season, wetland plant can not normal processing sewage, does not reach and utilize artificial swamp to concentrate the purpose of purifying waste water.
Summary of the invention: at the above-mentioned defective of prior art existence, the present invention aims to provide a kind of method that the checkerberry plant ecological is purified waste water of interplanting, this method is not subjected to the seasonal climate variable effect, not only throughout the year the four seasons round-the-clockly all can be carried out ecological wastewater processing, but also can increase the diversity of wetland plant and provide wetland for the plants landscape effect.
To achieve these goals, the present invention by the following technical solutions: high consumption checkerberry plant fertile, high water consumption is interplanted the artificial swamp that conventional wetland plant is arranged in growth according to a conventional method, and planting density is 10~30 every square metre.
The present invention preferentially chooses the hybridization sorrel, and sheep hoof, one or more in Chinese celery, root of Cliff Anemone, the buttercup be as the checkerberry plant of interplanting, preferentially chooses to refer to that in Canna generalis Bailey, fishscale bamboo, iris, the cattail one or more are as conventional wetland plant.
Hybridization sorrel in the technique scheme, sheep hoof, checkerberry plants such as Chinese celery, root of Cliff Anemone, buttercup have fertile, the high water consumption characteristics of high consumption, their microthermal climates about subzero 6 degree in south still can keep good growth, therefore can absorb dirt in the sewage as idiotrophic, thus organic matter such as the N in the mass consumption waste water, P and water quality is purified.
Annual autumn end or early winter, the checkerberry plant begins to sprout along with temperature reduces, and mid or late November gets final product rich length, and absorbs nutritive substances such as N in the sewage, P organism gradually.After entering winter, conventional wetland plant is thorough withered death, has lost the function that purifies water, and the checkerberry plant replaces and enters the vigorous peak of growth, takes over conventional wetland plant purifying treatment sewage.Begin back checkerberry flowering of plant knots such as high, root of Cliff Anemone, buttercup, hybridization sorrel, sheep hoof spring next year along with temperature, 3~May seed successively maturation come off, the checkerberry plant is withered and yellow gradually, the landscape effect function is purified waste water, is provided in forfeiture; Around here, conventional wetland plants such as Canna generalis Bailey, fishscale bamboo, iris, cattail are germination and growth, promptly becomes sewage purification, the main species of wetland landscape effect are provided.After October, along with temperature reduces, the checkerberry plant seed that comes off began sprout growth in wetland matrix, up to 1 year spring; Go round and begin again, eternal.
Compared with the prior art, the present invention is owing to adopted technique scheme, thing is hybridized sorrel, checkerberry plants such as sheep hoof, root of Cliff Anemone, buttercup, Chinese celery, with common wetland plant mixed plantings such as Canna generalis Bailey, fishscale bamboo, cattails, wetland plant can be grown along with seasonal climate changes automatic succession in the four seasons throughout the year, thereby reach round-the-clock ecological wastewater processing effect of the four seasons.In addition, the present invention has not only enriched the species diversity of artificial swamp, but also has increased the landscape effect in winter; Has once plantation, for many years with advantages such as climate change natural succession growths.
Embodiment: the invention will be further described below in conjunction with specific embodiment:
Embodiment 1, the sowing of checkerberry plant seed:
With hybridization sorrel, sheep hoof, Chinese celery, root of Cliff Anemone, buttercup etc. have that high consumption is fertile, one or more plant seeds in the checkerberry plant of high water consumption, be seeded in artificial swamp according to a conventional method, then with its self-sow; Concrete grammar is pressed following operation:
1) mid-October end, select full then and seed such as hybridization sorrel of surviving, sheep hoof, root of Cliff Anemone, buttercup, Chinese celery, according to a conventional method with behind the disinfecting solution of potassium permanganate, leach after 10 hours with warm water soaking again, carry out vernalization;
2) after 7 days, seed evenly sprouts, and blocks the wetland water source and gets rid of ponding, exposes ponding face 5cm until wetland matrix, removes dead twigs and withered leaves, scarifying top layer matrix in the wetland; The hybridization sorrel that uniform broadcasting has been germinateed, mixed plant seeds such as sheep hoof, root of Cliff Anemone, buttercup, Chinese celery are the room around conventional wetland plant Canna generalis Bailey, fishscale bamboo, cattail, and application rate is 300 with every square meter and is advisable; Cover chitting piece with wetland top layer matrix thin layer then;
3) in order to guarantee well germinating growth of seed, 7 days with interior forbid to put into sewage in case seed by damage or crop failure caused by waterlogging, treat that plant seedling all emerges in wetland matrix, and seedling grows tall and put into sewage again behind wetland matrix 5cm, with its self-sow, take over conventional wetland plants such as Canna generalis Bailey, fishscale bamboo, cattail and purify waste water then.
Below be sowing after about 80 days, above-mentioned checkerberry plant purification disposed of sewage effect when detecting, one group of obtained data:
Embodiment 2, and the checkerberry plant seedling is transplanted:
With hybridization sorrel, sheep hoof, Chinese celery, root of Cliff Anemone, buttercup etc. have that high consumption is fertile, one or more plant seeds in the checkerberry plant of high water consumption, the 10cm height of growing seedlings according to a conventional method will be planted transplantation of seedlings then to artificial swamp; Concrete grammar is pressed following operation:
1) deadwood and rotten leaf in the removing artificial swamp is transplanted to seedling in the space of Canna generalis Bailey, cyperus alternifolius, iris, cattail, control spacing in the rows * line-spacing 10cm * 10cm, and intercropping circulation plantation, every square metre 100 strain of planting density is advisable, and seedling was made routine care 7 days; In order to guarantee that seedling can normally survive, grow, and should block the water source during this;
2) plantation is after 8 days, and the new root of hybridization sorrel, sheep hoof, root of Cliff Anemone, buttercup, Chinese celery is sprouted and grown 3cm, puts sewage every day gradually into and flows into artificial swamp, puts into sewage after 5 days fully and carries out normal processing.
Below be sowing after about 80 days, above-mentioned checkerberry plant purification disposed of sewage effect when detecting, one group of obtained data:
From the detection data of above-mentioned two embodiment as can be seen: planting seed and to plant the effect of transplantation of seedlings very approaching, all can reduce the objectionable constituent in the sewage effectively, decontamination effect improving is obvious.

Claims (2)

1. interplant the method that the checkerberry plant ecological is purified waste water for one kind, it is characterized in that: high consumption checkerberry plant fertile, high water consumption is interplanted the artificial swamp that conventional wetland plant is arranged in growth according to a conventional method, and planting density is 10~30 every square metre.
2. the method that interplanting checkerberry plant ecological according to claim 1 is purified waste water, it is characterized in that: described checkerberry plant is meant one or more in hybridization sorrel, sheep hoof, Chinese celery, root of Cliff Anemone, the buttercup, and described conventional wetland plant is meant one or more in Canna generalis Bailey, fishscale bamboo, iris, the cattail.
CN2011100585416A 2011-03-11 2011-03-11 Method for ecologically purifying sewage by interplanting wintergreen plants CN102180545A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103342418A (en) * 2013-07-05 2013-10-09 浙江省水利河口研究院 Method for restoring eutrophic water by utilizing rumex japonicus
CN107056430A (en) * 2017-03-21 2017-08-18 枞阳县弘阳园林绿化有限公司 A kind of seeding growing seedlings method of mountain ebony
CN107686167A (en) * 2017-10-16 2018-02-13 浙江省冶金研究院有限公司 A kind of drowned flow artificial wet land ecosystem and processing method for handling domestic sewage in rural areas
CN107698032A (en) * 2017-11-17 2018-02-16 贵州省生物研究所 It is a kind of that the method and system for improving artificial swamp operational effect are configured using wetland plant
CN108083442A (en) * 2016-11-22 2018-05-29 辽宁石油化工大学 A kind of method that high concentration chrome wastewater is repaired using reed
CN108083441A (en) * 2016-11-22 2018-05-29 辽宁石油化工大学 It is a kind of to contain Pb using cattail reparation2+The method of sewage

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101148292A (en) * 2007-09-06 2008-03-26 浙江大学 Method for treating eutrophication water body by waterborne cultivated plant
CN101306880A (en) * 2008-07-01 2008-11-19 浙江大学 Process for harnessing eutrophication water body by interplanting plant on water
CN101333041A (en) * 2008-07-22 2008-12-31 宁波天韵生态治理工程有限公司 Ecological floating island and building method thereof

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101148292A (en) * 2007-09-06 2008-03-26 浙江大学 Method for treating eutrophication water body by waterborne cultivated plant
CN101306880A (en) * 2008-07-01 2008-11-19 浙江大学 Process for harnessing eutrophication water body by interplanting plant on water
CN101333041A (en) * 2008-07-22 2008-12-31 宁波天韵生态治理工程有限公司 Ecological floating island and building method thereof

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103342418A (en) * 2013-07-05 2013-10-09 浙江省水利河口研究院 Method for restoring eutrophic water by utilizing rumex japonicus
CN108083442A (en) * 2016-11-22 2018-05-29 辽宁石油化工大学 A kind of method that high concentration chrome wastewater is repaired using reed
CN108083441A (en) * 2016-11-22 2018-05-29 辽宁石油化工大学 It is a kind of to contain Pb using cattail reparation2+The method of sewage
CN107056430A (en) * 2017-03-21 2017-08-18 枞阳县弘阳园林绿化有限公司 A kind of seeding growing seedlings method of mountain ebony
CN107686167A (en) * 2017-10-16 2018-02-13 浙江省冶金研究院有限公司 A kind of drowned flow artificial wet land ecosystem and processing method for handling domestic sewage in rural areas
CN107698032A (en) * 2017-11-17 2018-02-16 贵州省生物研究所 It is a kind of that the method and system for improving artificial swamp operational effect are configured using wetland plant

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Application publication date: 20110914