CN102179071A - Solid material dehydration device and dehydration method thereof - Google Patents

Solid material dehydration device and dehydration method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102179071A
CN102179071A CN2011100785183A CN201110078518A CN102179071A CN 102179071 A CN102179071 A CN 102179071A CN 2011100785183 A CN2011100785183 A CN 2011100785183A CN 201110078518 A CN201110078518 A CN 201110078518A CN 102179071 A CN102179071 A CN 102179071A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
drainpipe
cell
portable
solid
mud
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2011100785183A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
安建
普光跃
潘春雷
李斌
李如学
赵科
郭悦波
叶东旭
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Yunnan Dahongshan Pipeline Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Yunnan Dahongshan Pipeline Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Yunnan Dahongshan Pipeline Co Ltd filed Critical Yunnan Dahongshan Pipeline Co Ltd
Priority to CN2011100785183A priority Critical patent/CN102179071A/en
Publication of CN102179071A publication Critical patent/CN102179071A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention relates to a solid material dehydration device and a dehydration method thereof, wherein the device comprises a trough body, a drainage port is arranged on the sidewall of the bottom of the trough body and is connected with a mobile type drainage pipe which has a movable water outlet pipe orifice and the length of which is larger than the height of the trough body. Since the drainage port and the mobile type drainage pipe are arranged on the sidewall of the bottom of the trough body in the device, the clear water resulting from precipitation in the trough body can be guided out of the trough body via the mobile type drainage pipe at any moment, the mobile type drainage pipe only needs to be lifted above the edge of the trough body when not used and only needs to be put in the water of the mobile type drainage pipe after the precipitation of mud and ore slurry, so the device is simple in structure, requires no water pump and saves energy and manpower.

Description

A kind of solid material dewater unit and dewatering thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of solid material dewater unit, especially relate to the dewater unit of slurry materials such as coal slurry, mud and mine tailing.
Background technology
Present stage, the dewatering to slurry materials such as coal slurry, mud, ore pulp and mine tailing slurries mainly contained following mode: the first, use the airing of sky, road, natural wind dry method.The second, use filter press, the moisture in the slurry material has been squeezed out.Three, use ceramic filter or filter cloth machine to make slurry under the effect of negative pressure, realize Separation of Solid and Liquid, finally reach the methods such as purpose of slurry material dewatering.
But following shortcoming will appear during several dewatering more than using:
One, uses the airing of sky, road, during the natural wind dry method.The restriction of unfavorable factors such as it is big to be subjected to the airing area requirements, and the natural air drying required time is long.
When two, using filter press, the disposal ability of filter press is lower.If increase the quantity of filter press, cost also increases thereupon.And the slurry material water ratio after filter press is handled can't satisfy the suitability for industrialized production needs also than higher.
Three, use ceramic filter or filter cloth machine to make slurry realize that under the effect of negative pressure there is self-defect in Separation of Solid and Liquid.Constantly draw after the experiment by my company, ceramic filter or filter cloth machine when only the particle diameter of the solid in slurry is big effect better, will the filter medium of ceramic filter or filter cloth machine be resulted in blockage behind solid particle size>400 orders, dehydrating effect is undesirable and efficient is quite low.Based on addressing the aforementioned drawbacks, designed a kind of drench pit, have effect preferably aspect the sludge dewatering by natural subsidence and corresponding drainage arrangement.
Summary of the invention
The present invention has designed a kind of solid material dewater unit and dewatering thereof, and the technical problem of its solution is many defectives that above-mentioned conventional solid material dewatering method or device exist.
In order to solve the technical problem of above-mentioned existence, the present invention has adopted following scheme:
A kind of solid material dewater unit, comprise cell body, on the sidewall of described cell body bottom, be provided with discharge outlet, connect a portable drainpipe in described discharge outlet, the effluent pipe mouth of described portable drainpipe is for movably, and the length of described portable drainpipe is greater than the height of described cell body.
Further, insert an end of tube connector in described discharge outlet, the other end of described tube connector is socketed in the water inlet pipe mouth of described portable drainpipe.
Further, the material of described portable drainpipe is a flexible material.
Further, the material of described tube connector is a metal material.
A kind of solid material dewater unit dewatering may further comprise the steps:
At first the described portable drainpipe in the described cell body is raised to more than the described cell body edge, the mud material of packing into behind the cell body can not be got rid of from drainpipe;
Secondly, the mud of required dehydration is put into described cell body, make its natural subsidence after at least 6 hours, described portable drainpipe is put into after the natural subsidence dewaters in the isolated clear water;
At last, mud will be continued sedimentation 2 hours after will clear water getting rid of at least, the mud moisture content that draws this moment by continuous experiment will have reached about 50%, clear water be got rid of in the middle of at this moment more described portable drainpipe being put into isolated clear water.
This solid material dewater unit and dewatering thereof are compared with traditional solid material dewater unit and dewatering thereof, have following beneficial effect:
(1) the present invention is owing to be provided with discharge outlet and portable drainpipe on the sidewall of cell body bottom, can derive cell body by portable drainpipe at any time by the clear water of separating out in cell body, when this movable type drainpipe does not use, only need raise and put to more than the cell body edge, mud or ore pulp post precipitation only need to put into portable drainpipe water and get final product, thereby simple in structure, need not to use water pump, save the energy and manpower.
(2) the present invention effectively reduces the moisture content of dehydration back mud cake, and need not to add any medicament avoid causing second environmental pollution in dehydration.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of solid material dewater unit of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the sectional structure chart of solid material dewater unit of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the fundamental diagram I of solid material dewater unit of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the fundamental diagram II of solid material dewater unit of the present invention.
Description of reference numerals:
1-cell body; 2-portable drainpipe; 21-enter the mouth of pipe; 22-effluent pipe mouth; 3-discharge outlet; 4-tube connector; 5-mud; 6-------clear water; The mud that 7-moisture content is lower.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with Fig. 1 to Fig. 4, the present invention will be further described:
Disclose a kind of dewater unit of the present invention among Fig. 1, it comprises cell body 1, portable drainpipe 2, discharge outlet 3.Cell body 1 is a cuboid that is welded by the straight carbon steel steel plate, removes all the other five face complete closed of upper end open, the long 1200mm of cell body, wide 400mm, high 300mm.In the cell body 1 positive lower right corner near the hole that to open a diameter be 50mm, the position of cell body bottom as discharge outlet, one of cell body 1 internal drainage mouth position welding, diameter is 40mm, long steel pipe for 100mm is as tube connector.Draining after the portable drainpipe 2 of the plastics that put a long 350mm on this tube connector is used for the material sedimentation.
Shown in Figure 2, a kind of solid material dewater unit comprises cell body 1, on the sidewall of cell body 1 bottom, be provided with discharge outlet 3, connect a portable drainpipe 2 in discharge outlet 3, the effluent pipe mouth 22 of portable drainpipe 2 is for movably, and the length of portable drainpipe 2 is greater than the height of cell body 1.One end of tube connector 4 is fixed in the discharge outlet 3, and the other end of tube connector 4 is socketed in the water inlet pipe mouth 21 of portable drainpipe 2.
Disclose a kind of dewater unit of the present invention among Fig. 3, made its natural subsidence after filling mud in the device, it comprises cell body 1, portable drainpipe 2, discharge outlet 3, mud 5.After dewater unit was made and finished, with the water inlet raising of portable drainpipe 2, it was suitable for reading to be higher than cell body 1, and the mud 4 that will need then to dewater is poured in the cell body 1.
Disclose a kind of dewater unit of the present invention among Fig. 4, the mud in the device is isolated clear water layer and layer of slurry after by natural subsidence, and it comprises clear water layer 5 and the low mud 6 of moisture content in cell body 1, portable drainpipe 2, discharge outlet 3, the cell body 1.
The solid operation principle of this solid material dewater unit is as follows:
At first, the portable drainpipe in the cell body is raised to more than the described cell body edge, the mud material of packing into behind the cell body can not be got rid of from drainpipe;
Secondly, the mud of required dehydration is put into described cell body, make its natural subsidence after 6 hours, described portable drainpipe is put into after the natural subsidence dewaters in the isolated clear water;
At last, mud will be continued sedimentation 2 hours after will clear water getting rid of, the mud moisture content that draws this moment by continuous experiment will have reached about 50%, clear water be got rid of in the middle of at this moment more described portable drainpipe being put into isolated clear water.
This solid material dewater unit and dewatering thereof are compared with traditional solid material dewater unit and dewatering thereof, have following beneficial effect:
(1) the present invention is owing to be provided with discharge outlet and portable drainpipe on the sidewall of cell body bottom, can derive cell body by portable drainpipe at any time by the clear water of separating out in cell body, when this movable type drainpipe does not use, only need raise and put to more than the cell body edge, mud or ore pulp post precipitation only need to put into portable drainpipe water and get final product, thereby simple in structure, need not to use water pump, save the energy and manpower.
(2) the present invention effectively reduces the moisture content of dehydration back mud cake, and need not to add any medicament avoid causing second environmental pollution in dehydration.
In conjunction with the accompanying drawings the present invention has been carried out exemplary description above; obvious realization of the present invention is not subjected to the restriction of aforesaid way; as long as the various improvement of having adopted method design of the present invention and technical scheme to carry out; or design of the present invention and technical scheme are directly applied to other occasion without improving, all in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. solid material dewater unit, comprise cell body (1), it is characterized in that: on the sidewall of described cell body (1) bottom, be provided with discharge outlet (3), connect a portable drainpipe (2) in described discharge outlet (3), the effluent pipe mouth (22) of described portable drainpipe (2) is for movably, and the length of described portable drainpipe (2) is greater than the height of described cell body (1).
2. according to the described solid material dewater unit of claim 1, it is characterized in that: insert an end of tube connector (4) in described discharge outlet (3), the other end of described tube connector (4) is socketed in the water inlet pipe mouth (21) of described portable drainpipe (2).
3. according to claim 1 or 2 described solid material dewater units, it is characterized in that: the material of described portable drainpipe (2) is a flexible material.
4. according to claim 1,2 or 3 described solid material dewater units, it is characterized in that: the material of described tube connector (4) is a metal material.
5. one kind according to claim 1 solid material dewater unit dewatering, may further comprise the steps:
At first the described portable drainpipe (2) in the described cell body (1) is raised to described cell body (1) more than the edge, the mud material of packing into behind the cell body can not be got rid of from drainpipe;
Secondly, the mud of required dehydration is put into described cell body (1), make its natural subsidence after at least 6 hours, described portable drainpipe (2) is put into after the natural subsidence dewaters in the isolated clear water;
At last, mud will be continued sedimentation 2 hours after will clear water getting rid of at least, the mud moisture content that draws this moment by continuous experiment will have reached about 50%, clear water be got rid of in the middle of at this moment more described portable drainpipe (2) being put into isolated clear water.
CN2011100785183A 2011-03-30 2011-03-30 Solid material dehydration device and dehydration method thereof Pending CN102179071A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011100785183A CN102179071A (en) 2011-03-30 2011-03-30 Solid material dehydration device and dehydration method thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011100785183A CN102179071A (en) 2011-03-30 2011-03-30 Solid material dehydration device and dehydration method thereof

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102179071A true CN102179071A (en) 2011-09-14

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2011100785183A Pending CN102179071A (en) 2011-03-30 2011-03-30 Solid material dehydration device and dehydration method thereof

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN102179071A (en)

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN87202966U (en) * 1987-03-12 1988-01-27 中国市政工程西北设计院 Deposition basin for sewage treatment with water inlet and outlet along periphery
CN2863800Y (en) * 2006-01-19 2007-01-31 贵阳铝镁设计研究院 Gravity type tar dehydrating apparatus
CN201492976U (en) * 2009-07-29 2010-06-02 中国石油化工集团公司 Oil-containing sludge treatment device and sludge separator
CN202052362U (en) * 2011-03-30 2011-11-30 云南大红山管道有限公司 Dehydration device of solid material

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN87202966U (en) * 1987-03-12 1988-01-27 中国市政工程西北设计院 Deposition basin for sewage treatment with water inlet and outlet along periphery
CN2863800Y (en) * 2006-01-19 2007-01-31 贵阳铝镁设计研究院 Gravity type tar dehydrating apparatus
CN201492976U (en) * 2009-07-29 2010-06-02 中国石油化工集团公司 Oil-containing sludge treatment device and sludge separator
CN202052362U (en) * 2011-03-30 2011-11-30 云南大红山管道有限公司 Dehydration device of solid material

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Application publication date: 20110914

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