CN102173959B - Eucalyptus seedling culture substrate and production process thereof - Google Patents

Eucalyptus seedling culture substrate and production process thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102173959B
CN102173959B CN2011100658972A CN201110065897A CN102173959B CN 102173959 B CN102173959 B CN 102173959B CN 2011100658972 A CN2011100658972 A CN 2011100658972A CN 201110065897 A CN201110065897 A CN 201110065897A CN 102173959 B CN102173959 B CN 102173959B
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China
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weight ratio
parts
culture substrate
seedling culture
fermentation
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CN2011100658972A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102173959A (en
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夏江平
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厦门市江平生物基质技术有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses a eucalyptus seedling culture substrate. The eucalyptus seedling culture substrate comprises the following components in part by weight: 35 to 40 parts of coconut shell powder, 25 to 30 parts of peat, 15 to 20 parts of bentonite, 20 to 25 parts of attapulgite, 0.5 to 0.8 part of soil water-retaining agent, 15 to 20 parts of nutrient substance and 0.2 to 0.3 part of composite strain. A production process of the eucalyptus seedling culture substrate comprises the following steps of: drawing silk from a coconut shell to generate fragments; crushing the fragments; sieving until the granular size is 10 to 20 meshes; performing salt exclusion; mixing 35 to 40 weight parts of the coconut shell powder subjected to the salt exclusion, 15 to 20 weight parts of the nutrient substance and 0.2 to 0.3 weight part of high-temperature-resistant fermenting strain; adding clean water to stir and wet; stacking into a circular truncated cone shape; covering a membrane on the circular truncated cone so as to ferment; and after fermenting completely, adding the peat, the composite strain, the bentonite, the attapulgite and the soil water-retaining agent according to the weight ratio to mix and stir uniformly to prepare into block shapes. The coconut shell powder serves as a main raw material, so the materials are obtained singly and easily, the nutrient ingredients and the content are easy to control, and large-scale standard production can be performed easily.

Description

A kind of eucalyptus seedling culture substrate and production technique thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to seeding raising technology, specifically refer to a kind of eucalyptus seedling culture substrate and production technique thereof.
Background technology
Seedling medium for replacing soil to be grown seedlings, because seedling medium is more easily controlled nutrient composition content than normal soil, is more easily accomplished scale production, thereby is used widely gradually in modern agriculture, forestry.
Chinese patent discloses a kind of " compact type substrate seedling nursery culture pan " for No. 200510061570.2, and the composition and ratio of its alms bowl material is: peat 35~40, wooden nutrient substance 20~25, feces of livestock and poultry 15~20, attapulgite 20~25, composite bacteria 0.2~0.3.The 100 kilograms of nutrition pots of every production of take are example, must be the wooden nutrient substance of 30~50 purpose by 20~25 kilograms of specifications, with the feces of livestock and poultry of 15~20 kilograms, and 0.2~0.3 kilogram of high temperature resistant fermented bacterium mixing, stir; Under 50 ℃~70 ℃ temperature condition, carry out aerobic fermentation, fermentation time is 15~25 days; Add 35~40 kilograms to be crushed to 5~20 purpose peat, the composite bacteria of 0.2~0.3 kilogram, the attapulgite of 20~25 kilograms, mixing and stirring, send into earthen pot maker compression moulding again.
In above-mentioned " compact type substrate seedling nursery culture pan ", the peat usage quantity is larger, and cost is higher.In addition, described wooden nutrient substance is mainly from plant duff and vegetable garbage, is the powder mixture of the things such as dry fruit shell, vegetable fibre and timber bits; Wherein the dry fruit shell be in nut-shell, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae, melon seed cases, cotton seed hulls any one, the bar fibres is in reed rod, sedge, crop stalk, corn cob, bagasse any two kinds; Contained composition has Mierocrystalline cellulose, hemicellulose, xylogen, fruit matter glue, natural gum, tannin, protein, pigment, fat, resin, rrna and several mineral materials.The more complicated of drawing materials of this wooden nutrient substance, its nutritive ingredient and content are difficult to effective control.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of eucalyptus seedling culture substrate and production technique thereof, its main purpose is to overcome that existing seedling medium cost is higher, nutritive ingredient and content are difficult to the shortcoming of effectively controlling.
The present invention adopts following technical scheme:
A kind of eucalyptus seedling culture substrate, each component that comprises following weight ratio: coconut shell flour 35-40, peat 25-30, wilkinite 15-20, attapulgite 20-25, water-loss reducer of soil 0.5-0.8, nutritive substance 15-20, composite bacteria 0.2-0.3, and this seedling medium is block.
Any one or a few in actinomycetes, genus bacillus, Kazakhstan time Trichoderma, yeast, milk-acid bacteria, vinelandii, phosphate solubilizing bacteria, potassium solubilizing bacteria of aforementioned composite bacteria forms.
Its production technique comprises:
1) coconut husk is reeled off raw silk from cocoons after processing and produce chip to be pulverized, be sized to granularity be the 10-20 order, then carry out desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching processing;
2) the high temperature resistant fermented bacterium that the coconut shell flour after the above-mentioned desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching that is 35-40 by weight ratio is processed, the nutritive substance that weight ratio is 15-20 and weight ratio are 0.2-0.3 mixes, and adds the clear water stirring moistening, stacks into truncated cone-shaped overlay film and makes its fermentation;
3) fully add after fermentation weight ratio be 15-20 to be crushed to composite bacteria, the weight ratio that 5-20 purpose peat, weight ratio are 0.2-0.3 be that 15-20 wilkinite, weight ratio 20-25 are attapulgite and weight ratio 0.5-0.8 water-loss reducer of soil, mixing and stirring, send into molding machine and be pressed into bulk.
The height of aforementioned truncated cone-shaped fermentation heap is 0.5-0.6 rice, and the end face diameter is 1.5 meters, and the bottom surface diameter is 2 meters.
During the fermentation, detect the core temperature of fermentation heap, carry out turning when this temperature reaches 70 ℃, and it is moistening to add the water maintenance; Fermentation total time is 18-22 days, and the turning number of times is 1-2 time.
Aforementioned nutritive substance is feces of livestock and poultry.
From the above-mentioned description of this invention, compared to the prior art, the present invention has following advantage:
One, adopt coconut shell flour as main raw material, it draws materials single, easily draws materials, and coconut shell flour is degradation material, and renewable resources meets the ecological, environmental protective requirement.
Two, reduce the content of peat, thereby reduced the cost of material.
Three, owing to only adopting coconut shell flour as main raw material, so its nutritive ingredient and content easily controls, and easily carries out large-scale standardized production.
Four, seedling medium is block design, transportation, carrying and easy to use; Can be with piece directly to transplant, not hinder root, without seedling-slowing stage, transplanting survival rate is high, and Eucalyptus Seedlings stalwartness, well developed root system, the cauline leaf of cultivating is thick, the drought resisting resistance against diseases is strong.
Five, be added with water-loss reducer of soil in matrix, this belt transect piece is transplanted, unslow seedling, after control water, naturally doubts solid not fugitive.
Six, eucalyptus seedling culture substrate adopts integrated technology, a substrate block has the matter of collection material, nutrition, sterilizing, disease-resistant, container five functions, do not need to fetch earth, join fertilizer, composting, spray medicine, dress alms bowl fully, only need water, cuttage or transplant tissue cultured seedling and can complete into the operation of growing seedlings, can save 4-6 manually for every mu.
Embodiment
The following describes the specific embodiment of the present invention.
Embodiment mono-
A kind of eucalyptus seedling culture substrate comprises each component of following weight ratio: coconut shell flour 35, peat 25, wilkinite 15, attapulgite 20, water-loss reducer of soil 0.5, nutritive substance 15, composite bacteria 0.2, and this seedling medium is block.Any one or a few in actinomycetes, genus bacillus, Kazakhstan time Trichoderma, yeast, milk-acid bacteria, vinelandii, phosphate solubilizing bacteria, potassium solubilizing bacteria of this composite bacteria forms.This nutritive substance is feces of livestock and poultry.
The production technique of this eucalyptus seedling culture substrate is as follows:
One: coconut husk is reeled off raw silk from cocoons after processing and produces chip to be pulverized, be sized to granularity be the 10-20 order, then carry out desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching processing;
Two: the coconut shell flour after the above-mentioned desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching of 35 kilograms is processed, the feces of livestock and poultry of 15 kilograms and the high temperature resistant fermented bacterium of 0.2-0.3 kilogram mix, adding clear water stirs moistening, stack into truncated cone-shaped overlay film and make its fermentation, the height of this truncated cone-shaped fermentation heap is 0.5-0.6 rice, and the end face diameter is 1.5 meters, and the bottom surface diameter is 2 meters, during the fermentation, detect the core temperature of fermentation heap, carry out turning when this temperature reaches 70 ℃, and it is moistening to add the water maintenance; Fermentation total time is 18-22 days, and the turning number of times is 1-2 time;
Three: fully after the fermentation, add 15 kilograms be crushed to 5-20 purpose peat, the composite bacteria of 0.2 kilogram, 15 kilograms of wilkinites, 20 kilograms of attapulgites and 0.5 kilogram of water-loss reducer of soil, mixing and stirring, send into molding machine and be pressed into bulk.
Embodiment bis-
Each component of the present embodiment and production technique and embodiment mono-are basic identical, and difference is that the content of its each component is different.The component that it comprises and the weight ratio of each component are: coconut shell flour 38, peat 28, wilkinite 17, attapulgite 23, water-loss reducer of soil 0.7, nutritive substance 17, composite bacteria 0.25.
Embodiment tri-
Each component of the present embodiment and production technique and embodiment mono-are basic identical, and difference is that the content of its each component is different.The component that it comprises and the weight ratio of each component are: coconut shell flour 40, peat 30, wilkinite 20, attapulgite 25, water-loss reducer of soil 0.8, nutritive substance 20, composite bacteria 0.3.
Above are only the specific embodiment of the present invention, but design concept of the present invention is not limited to this, allly utilizes this design to carry out the change of unsubstantiality to the present invention, all should belong to the behavior of invading protection domain of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. the production technique of an eucalyptus seedling culture substrate, it is characterized in that: eucalyptus seedling culture substrate comprises each component of following weight ratio: coconut shell flour 35-40, peat 25-30, wilkinite 15-20, attapulgite 20-25, water-loss reducer of soil 0.5-0.8, nutritive substance 15-20, composite bacteria 0.2-0.3, and it is block that this seedling medium is, any one or a few in actinomycetes, genus bacillus, Kazakhstan time Trichoderma, yeast, milk-acid bacteria, vinelandii, phosphate solubilizing bacteria, potassium solubilizing bacteria of described composite bacteria forms, and described nutritive substance is feces of livestock and poultry;
The production stage of this eucalyptus seedling culture substrate comprises:
1) coconut husk is reeled off raw silk from cocoons after processing and produce chip to be pulverized, be sized to granularity be the 10-20 order, then carry out desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching processing;
2) the high temperature resistant fermented bacterium that the coconut shell flour after the above-mentioned desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching that is 35-40 by weight ratio is processed, the nutritive substance that weight ratio is 15-20 and weight ratio are 0.2-0.3 mixes, adding clear water stirs moistening, stack into truncated cone-shaped overlay film and make its fermentation, the height of this truncated cone-shaped fermentation heap is 0.5-0.6 rice, the end face diameter is 1.5 meters, the bottom surface diameter is 2 meters, during the fermentation, detect the core temperature of fermentation heap, when reaching 70 ℃, this temperature carries out turning, and it is moistening to add the water maintenance, fermentation total time is 18-22 days, and the turning number of times is 1-2 time;
3) fully add after fermentation weight ratio be 15-20 to be crushed to composite bacteria, the weight ratio that 5-20 purpose peat, weight ratio are 0.2-0.3 be that 15-20 wilkinite, weight ratio 20-25 are attapulgite and weight ratio 0.5-0.8 water-loss reducer of soil, mixing and stirring, send into molding machine and be pressed into bulk.
CN2011100658972A 2011-03-18 2011-03-18 Eucalyptus seedling culture substrate and production process thereof CN102173959B (en)

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CN105967777A (en) * 2016-07-28 2016-09-28 厦门市江平生物基质技术股份有限公司 Fertilizer-free type melon and fruit cultivation organic medium

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CN103355149B (en) * 2013-07-31 2015-04-29 厦门市江平生物基质技术有限公司 Matrix specially used for phoebe bournei seedling raising and production technology thereof
CN103348903B (en) * 2013-07-31 2014-07-30 厦门市江平生物基质技术有限公司 Special matrix for breeding of Chinese fir and production technology thereof
CN104557246A (en) * 2013-10-28 2015-04-29 北京中农赛世农业科技有限公司 Vegetable seedling-raising culture composition and application
CN103787775B (en) * 2014-01-28 2016-06-01 南宁普田润生物有机肥有限公司 A kind of eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix and its preparation method
CN104072313A (en) * 2014-05-30 2014-10-01 明光和中工业工程安装有限公司 Organic fertilizer for forestry greening and preparation method thereof
CN104496655A (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-04-08 苏州市新巷农艺科技园 Water-retaining and fertilizer-retaining planting soil and preparation method thereof
CN104521577A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-04-22 吴中区金庭小美华家庭农场 Container seedling raising method for torreya grandis
CN104892202A (en) * 2015-06-10 2015-09-09 中山市巴斯德农业科技有限公司 Culture medium
US10531606B2 (en) 2016-07-19 2020-01-14 Cnh Industrial America Llc Metering system for an agricultural system
US10045478B2 (en) 2016-07-19 2018-08-14 Cnh Industrial America Llc Metering system for an agricultural system
CN106278550A (en) * 2016-07-28 2017-01-04 厦门市江平生物基质技术股份有限公司 A kind of universal cultivation organic substrate
CN106212233A (en) * 2016-07-28 2016-12-14 厦门市江平生物基质技术股份有限公司 A kind of organic substrate being applicable to orchid plant culture
CN106045595A (en) * 2016-07-28 2016-10-26 厦门市江平生物基质技术股份有限公司 Fertilization-free leaf vegetable cultivation organic medium
CN106171901A (en) * 2016-07-28 2016-12-07 厦门市江平生物基质技术股份有限公司 A kind of substrate transplanted for wild large nursery stocks
CN106588483A (en) * 2016-12-19 2017-04-26 新昌县天姥园艺发展有限公司 Eucalyptus seedling culture cultivation substrate and preparation method thereof

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CN1965638B (en) * 2005-11-15 2010-10-20 方立成 Compact type substrate seedling nursery culture pan

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Address after: An Ling Road No. 999/1001 Lake District of Xiamen City, Fujian province 361000 room 211

Patentee after: Xiamen Jiangping Biological Matrix Technology Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 361000, 10, 110 Haitian Road, Huli District, Fujian, Xiamen

Patentee before: Xiamen Jiangping Bio. Medium Technology Co., Ltd.