CN102167231A - Grasping mechanism for automatic green brick stacking device - Google Patents

Grasping mechanism for automatic green brick stacking device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102167231A
CN102167231A CN201110086352XA CN201110086352A CN102167231A CN 102167231 A CN102167231 A CN 102167231A CN 201110086352X A CN201110086352X A CN 201110086352XA CN 201110086352 A CN201110086352 A CN 201110086352A CN 102167231 A CN102167231 A CN 102167231A
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China
Prior art keywords
brick
travel
strut bar
grasping
cylinder
Prior art date
Application number
CN201110086352XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102167231B (en
Inventor
郝忠良
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信阳雄狮建材设备制造有限公司
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Priority to CN201110086352XA priority Critical patent/CN102167231B/en
Publication of CN102167231A publication Critical patent/CN102167231A/en
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Publication of CN102167231B publication Critical patent/CN102167231B/en

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Abstract

The invention provides a grasping mechanism for an automatic green brick stacking device. The grasping mechanism for the automatic green brick stacking device comprises a hanging bracket, a support rod and a brick clamping mechanism; the support rod is horizontally arranged at the bottom of the hanging bracket, and the support rod is provided with the brick clamping mechanism; the brick clamping mechanism comprises a fixed bracket, movable brackets, a clamping cylinder, sliding pairs, limit connecting plates, limit pins and clips; the upper end of the fixed bracket is fixed on the support rod; the upper end of each movable bracket is connected with the support rod via a sliding pair; the movable brackets are arranged on one side of the fixed bracket; the clamping cylinder is fixed on the fixed bracket; a piston rod of the clamping cylinder is connected with the movable bracket on the outermost side; the fixed bracket and the movable bracket adjacent to the fixed bracket, and the movable brackets are connected via the limit connecting plates; and the movable brackets are provided with strip guiding limit holes, the limit pins are arranged in the strip guiding limit holes, and the lower ends of the fixed bracket and the movable bracket are provided with clips respectively. The grasping mechanism has the advantages that: the structure is simple, the clamping force is precisely controlled, and the stacking position of the green brick is precisely located.

Description

The device grasping mechanism is piled up in adobe automatically
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of adobe grasping mechanism, specifically, relate to a kind of adobe and pile up the device grasping mechanism automatically.
Background technology
The device grasping mechanism is piled up in adobe of the prior art automatically, and the clamping dynamics control of its brick folding device is inaccurate, during brick folding, and the excessive damage adobe of dynamics sometimes, the too little meeting of dynamics sometimes causes falls brick; When the brick folding device unclamped, because of the clamping dynamics is big slightly, the brick folding device can take up adobe sometimes, occurs falling the brick phenomenon easily; When piling up adobe, the adobe position control is inaccurate, causes between the adobe distance different, causes piled bricks to collapse easily.Existing grasping mechanism exists defective more, and in use the situation that often the damage adobe occurs or break down is unfavorable for the mechanization production in enormous quantities.
In order to solve the existing drawback of grasping mechanism in the prior art, people are seeking a kind of desirable technical solution always.
Summary of the invention
The present invention has overcome deficiency of the prior art, provide a kind of simple in structure, accurately control the clamping dynamics, accurately locate adobe and pile up the adobe of position and pile up the device grasping mechanism automatically.
Technical scheme of the present invention is: the device grasping mechanism is piled up in a kind of adobe automatically, it comprises suspension bracket, at least one strut bar and brick folding mechanism, wherein, described strut bar is horizontally set on described suspension bracket bottom, and every strut bar is provided with at least one group of described brick folding mechanism; Described brick folding mechanism comprises fixed support, at least one group of travel(l)ing rest, clamp cylinder, sliding pair, spacing connecting panel, locating dowel pin and intermediate plate, wherein, described fixed support upper end is fixed on the described strut bar, described travel(l)ing rest upper end is connected with described strut bar by described sliding pair, described travel(l)ing rest is arranged on described fixed support one side, the cylinder body tail end of described clamping cylinder is vertically fixed on the described fixed support, the stopper rod of drawing together of described clamping cylinder is connected with outermost described travel(l)ing rest, the described travel(l)ing rest that described fixed support is adjacent with it connects by described spacing connecting panel, connect by described spacing connecting panel between the described travel(l)ing rest, described travel(l)ing rest is provided with rectangular guide and limit hole, described locating dowel pin is arranged in the described rectangular guide and limit hole, described spacing connecting panel one end is connected with described travel(l)ing rest by described locating dowel pin, described travel(l)ing rest that the described spacing connecting panel other end is adjacent with it or adjacent described fixed support connect, and described fixed support and described travel(l)ing rest lower end are provided with described intermediate plate respectively.
Based on above-mentioned, corresponding every strut bar is provided with at least one group of slide pair, and wherein, the track of described slide pair is fixed on described suspension bracket bottom, described strut bar is fixed on the slide block lower end of described slide pair, and the track of described slide pair is provided with described strut bar is vertical.
Based on above-mentioned, the strut bar that the device grasping mechanism comprises that at least two groups are parallel to each other, driving cylinder and the spacing band that two groups are provided with are in opposite directions piled up in this adobe automatically, wherein, the cylinder body of described driving cylinder is fixed on described suspension bracket bottom, the parallel track setting of the cylinder body of described driving cylinder and described slide pair, two groups of piston rods that drive cylinder are connected with two outermost described strut bars respectively, are provided with spacing band between the described strut bar.
Based on above-mentioned, corresponding every strut bar is provided with two groups of slide pairs, and every group of driving cylinder comprises two driving cylinders in the same way, and the piston rod of two driving cylinders in the same way is connected with same outermost described strut bar respectively.
Based on above-mentioned, this adobe is piled up the device grasping mechanism automatically and is also comprised the brick machine structure, described brick machine structure comprises four bearings, four pressure brick cylinders and presses the brick frame, four bearings are separately fixed on the described suspension bracket, the cylinder body tail end of four pressure brick cylinders is connected with four bearings respectively, the piston rod outer end of four pressure brick cylinders is connected with four connecting portions of described pressure brick frame respectively, be provided with at least one brick pressing rod in the pressure brick framework of described pressure brick frame, described brick pressing rod is arranged between the cooresponding described intermediate plate.
Based on above-mentioned, described brick machine structure also comprises four connecting rods, and the piston rod outer end of four pressure brick cylinders is connected with four connecting rod one ends respectively, and four connecting rod other ends are connected with four connecting portions of described pressure brick frame respectively.
Based on above-mentioned, every strut bar is provided with four groups of brick folding mechanisms, and described brick folding mechanism comprises three groups of travel(l)ing rests; Be provided with ten brick pressing rods in the pressure brick framework of described pressure brick frame, ten brick pressing rods and press brick framework dual-side along being separately positioned between the cooresponding described intermediate plate.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: simple in structure, fault rate is low, step up the action of air cylinder driven travel(l)ing rest, travel(l)ing rest drives intermediate plate and grab base under the restriction of positioning plate and locating dowel pin, the sliding distance of positioning plate restraint support, thereby guarantee that the clamping dynamics is moderate, can pick up adobe and not damage adobe again; In brick folding and the fortune brick process, press the brick frame to lift, when putting brick, press the brick frame to press down, guarantee that adobe maintains static, the smooth pulsation-free of grasping mechanism upwards lifts, and can not scratch or take up adobe.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a Facad structure scheme drawing of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the connection structure scheme drawing of described suspension bracket and described strut bar;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of described brick folding mechanism;
Fig. 4 is the brick folding view of described brick folding mechanism;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of described pressure brick frame.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the present invention is further described:
As Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4 and shown in Figure 5, the device grasping mechanism is piled up in a kind of adobe automatically, it comprises 1,12 strut bars that are parallel to each other 3 of suspension bracket and brick folding mechanism 7, wherein, described strut bar 3 is horizontally set on described suspension bracket 1 bottom, and every strut bar 3 is provided with four groups of described brick folding mechanisms 7;
Described brick folding mechanism 7 comprises fixed support 8, three groups of travel(l)ing rests 9, clamps cylinder 10, sliding pair 11, spacing connecting panel 12, locating dowel pin 13 and intermediate plate 14, wherein, described fixed support 8 upper ends are fixed on the described strut bar 3, and described travel(l)ing rest 9 upper ends are connected with described strut bar 3 by described sliding pair 11; Described travel(l)ing rest 9 is arranged on described fixed support 8 one sides, and the cylinder body tail end of described clamping cylinder 10 is vertically fixed on the described fixed support 8, and the piston rod of described clamping cylinder 10 is connected with outermost described travel(l)ing rest 9; The described travel(l)ing rest 9 that described fixed support 8 is adjacent with it connects by described spacing connecting panel 12, connect by described spacing connecting panel 12 between the described travel(l)ing rest 9, described travel(l)ing rest 9 is provided with rectangular guide and limit hole, described locating dowel pin 13 is arranged in the described rectangular guide and limit hole, wherein, described spacing connecting panel 12 1 ends are connected with described travel(l)ing rest 9 by described locating dowel pin 13, and described travel(l)ing rest 9 that described spacing connecting panel 12 other ends are adjacent with it or adjacent described fixed support 8 connect; Described fixed support 8 and described travel(l)ing rest 9 lower ends are provided with described intermediate plate 14 respectively;
During brick folding, step up the cylinder action, the piston rod that steps up cylinder drives outermost travel(l)ing rest and moves, because between the adjacent with it travel(l)ing rest of fixed support and connect by positioning plate between the travel(l)ing rest, so two other travel(l)ing rests also move together, along with moving of travel(l)ing rest, intermediate plate is gradually near adobe, rectangular guide and limit hole on the positioning plate limits the position that each travel(l)ing rest stops, and is unlikely to make the too tight of intermediate plate brick folding folder and the destruction adobe.
Based on above-mentioned, as Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and shown in Figure 4, this adobe is piled up the device grasping mechanism automatically and is also comprised two groups of driving cylinders that are provided with in opposite directions, slide secondary 2 and spacing band; Corresponding every strut bar 3 is provided with two groups of well-distributed slide pairs 2, wherein, the track 2a of described slide pair 2 is fixed on described suspension bracket 1 bottom, described strut bar 3 is fixed on the slide block 2b lower end of described slide pair 2, the track 2a of described slide pair 2 and vertical setting of described strut bar 3 antarafacials; The cylinder body of described driving cylinder is fixed on described suspension bracket 1 bottom, the track 2a of the cylinder body of described driving cylinder and described slide pair 2 be arranged in parallel, two groups of piston rods that drive cylinder are connected with two outermost described strut bars 3 respectively, wherein, every group drives cylinder and comprises that the piston rod of 5, two driving cylinders 5 in the same way of two driving cylinders in the same way is connected with same outermost described strut bar 3 respectively; Be provided with spacing band between the described strut bar 3;
During brick folding, drive cylinder promotion strut bar and make it to slide along slide is secondary, and then, strut bar drives brick folding mechanism and intermediate plate moves, so that the corresponding corresponding adobe of intermediate plate, so that adjust the position of brick folding mechanism, make that the grasping mechanism location is adjustable, also more accurate; Two groups of secondary and two stress point settings of two groups of corresponding strut bars of driving cylinder of slide have guaranteed that strut bar is stressed evenly, and sliding can deflection.
Based on above-mentioned, as Fig. 1, Fig. 4 and shown in Figure 5, this adobe is piled up the device grasping mechanism automatically and is also comprised brick machine structure 4, described brick machine structure 4 comprises four bearing 4a, four pressure brick cylinder 4b, four connecting rod 4c and presses brick frame 4d, four bearing 4a are separately fixed on the described suspension bracket 1, the cylinder body tail end of four pressure brick cylinder 4b is connected with four bearing 4a respectively, the piston rod outer end of four pressure brick cylinder 4b is connected with four connecting rod 4c one ends respectively, and four connecting rod 4c other ends are connected with four connecting portions of described pressure brick frame 4d respectively; Be provided with 15, ten brick pressing rods of ten brick pressing rods in the pressure brick framework of described pressure brick frame 4d and press brick framework dual-side along being separately positioned between the cooresponding described intermediate plate 14;
In brick folding and the fortune brick process, press the brick cylinder to be failure to actuate, press the brick frame to be in the state of lifting; When putting brick, press the action of brick cylinder, make and press the brick frame to press down, ten brick pressing rods and press brick framework dual-side along pushing down 12 groups of adobes 16 respectively maintain static adobe 16, so that intermediate plate moves on smoothly and can not knock or hang down adobe over.

Claims (7)

1. the device grasping mechanism is piled up in an adobe automatically, it is characterized in that: it comprises suspension bracket (1), at least one strut bar (3) and brick folding mechanism (7), wherein, described strut bar (3) is horizontally set on described suspension bracket (1) bottom, and every strut bar (3) is provided with at least one group of described brick folding mechanism (7);
Described brick folding mechanism (7) comprises fixed support (8), at least one group of travel(l)ing rest (9), clamp cylinder (10), sliding pair (11), spacing connecting panel (12), locating dowel pin (13) and intermediate plate (14), wherein, described fixed support (8) upper end is fixed on the described strut bar (3), described travel(l)ing rest (9) upper end is connected with described strut bar (3) by described sliding pair (11), described travel(l)ing rest (9) is arranged on described fixed support (8) one sides, the cylinder body tail end of described clamping cylinder (10) is vertically fixed on the described fixed support (8), the piston rod of described clamping cylinder (10) is connected with outermost described travel(l)ing rest (9), the described travel(l)ing rest (9) that described fixed support (8) is adjacent with it connects by described spacing connecting panel (12), connect by described spacing connecting panel (12) between the described travel(l)ing rest (9), described travel(l)ing rest (9) is provided with rectangular guide and limit hole, described locating dowel pin (13) is arranged in the described rectangular guide and limit hole, described spacing connecting panel (12) one ends are connected with described travel(l)ing rest (9) by described locating dowel pin (13), described travel(l)ing rest (9) that described spacing connecting panel (12) other end is adjacent with it or adjacent described fixed support (8) connect, and described fixed support (8) and described travel(l)ing rest (9) lower end are provided with described intermediate plate (14) respectively.
2. the device grasping mechanism is piled up in adobe according to claim 1 automatically, it is characterized in that: corresponding every strut bar (3) is provided with at least one group of slide pair (2), wherein, the track (2a) of described slide pair (2) is fixed on described suspension bracket (1) bottom, described strut bar (3) is fixed on slide block (2b) lower end of described slide pair (2), the track (2a) of described slide pair (2) and the vertical setting of described strut bar (3).
3. the device grasping mechanism is piled up in adobe according to claim 2 automatically, it is characterized in that: the strut bar (3) that the device grasping mechanism comprises that at least two groups are parallel to each other, driving cylinder and the spacing band that two groups are provided with are in opposite directions piled up in this adobe automatically, wherein, the cylinder body of described driving cylinder is fixed on described suspension bracket (1) bottom, the track (2a) of the cylinder body of described driving cylinder and described slide pair (2) be arranged in parallel, two groups of piston rods that drive cylinder are connected with two outermost described strut bars (3) respectively, and described strut bar is provided with spacing band between (3).
4. the device grasping mechanism is piled up in adobe according to claim 3 automatically, it is characterized in that: corresponding every strut bar (3) is provided with two groups of slide pairs (2), every group of driving cylinder comprises two driving cylinders (5) in the same way, and the piston rod of two driving cylinders (5) in the same way is connected with same outermost described strut bar (3) respectively.
5. the device grasping mechanism is piled up in each described adobe automatically according to claim 1-4, it is characterized in that: this adobe is piled up the device grasping mechanism automatically and is also comprised brick machine structure (4), described brick machine structure (4) comprises four bearings (4a), four pressure brick cylinders (4b) and pressure brick frame (4d), four bearings (4a) are separately fixed on the described suspension bracket (1), the cylinder body tail end of four pressure brick cylinders (4b) is connected with four bearings (4a) respectively, the piston rod outer end of four pressure brick cylinders (4b) is connected with four connecting portions of described pressure brick frame (4d) respectively, be provided with at least one brick pressing rod in the pressure brick framework of described pressure brick frame (4d), described brick pressing rod is arranged between the cooresponding described intermediate plate (14).
6. the device grasping mechanism is piled up in adobe according to claim 5 automatically, it is characterized in that: described brick machine structure (4) also comprises four connecting rods (4c), the piston rod outer end of four pressure brick cylinders (4b) is connected with four connecting rods (4c) end respectively, and four connecting rods (4c) other end is connected with four connecting portions of described pressure brick frame (4d) respectively.
7. the device grasping mechanism is piled up in adobe according to claim 5 automatically, it is characterized in that: every strut bar (3) is provided with four groups of brick folding mechanisms (7), and described brick folding mechanism (7) comprises three groups of travel(l)ing rests (9); Be provided with ten brick pressing rods in the pressure brick framework of described pressure brick frame (4d), ten brick pressing rods and press brick framework dual-side along being separately positioned on between the very little described intermediate plate (14) of answering.
CN201110086352XA 2011-04-07 2011-04-07 Grasping mechanism for automatic green brick stacking device CN102167231B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201110086352XA CN102167231B (en) 2011-04-07 2011-04-07 Grasping mechanism for automatic green brick stacking device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN102167231B CN102167231B (en) 2012-11-21

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102963729A (en) * 2012-12-18 2013-03-13 郑州德亿重工机器制造有限公司 Clamping and placing system for setting machine
CN104476551A (en) * 2014-12-12 2015-04-01 南通诺博特机器人制造有限公司 Stacking clamp of intelligent stacking robot
CN105947691A (en) * 2016-06-24 2016-09-21 成都天航智虹企业管理咨询有限公司 Full-automatic setting machine
CN107697650A (en) * 2017-09-25 2018-02-16 河南宾康重工机械有限公司 The code automatic lashing wire apptss of base
CN109823854A (en) * 2019-04-08 2019-05-31 南通市恒达机械制造有限公司 A kind of manipulator adobe clamping device

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4119217A (en) * 1977-02-15 1978-10-10 Jones Robert E Method and apparatus for hacking bricks
CN2349178Y (en) * 1998-12-30 1999-11-17 双鸭山东方工业公司 Automatic blank distributor
CN201406208Y (en) * 2009-03-17 2010-02-17 范红兵 Transverse billet separating and positioning device of setting machine
CN201942329U (en) * 2010-12-25 2011-08-24 洛阳中冶重工机械有限公司 Mechanical arm for automatic stacking device
CN202016753U (en) * 2011-04-07 2011-10-26 信阳雄狮建材设备制造有限公司 Gripping mechanism of automatic green brick stacking device

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4119217A (en) * 1977-02-15 1978-10-10 Jones Robert E Method and apparatus for hacking bricks
CN2349178Y (en) * 1998-12-30 1999-11-17 双鸭山东方工业公司 Automatic blank distributor
CN201406208Y (en) * 2009-03-17 2010-02-17 范红兵 Transverse billet separating and positioning device of setting machine
CN201942329U (en) * 2010-12-25 2011-08-24 洛阳中冶重工机械有限公司 Mechanical arm for automatic stacking device
CN202016753U (en) * 2011-04-07 2011-10-26 信阳雄狮建材设备制造有限公司 Gripping mechanism of automatic green brick stacking device

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102963729A (en) * 2012-12-18 2013-03-13 郑州德亿重工机器制造有限公司 Clamping and placing system for setting machine
CN104476551A (en) * 2014-12-12 2015-04-01 南通诺博特机器人制造有限公司 Stacking clamp of intelligent stacking robot
CN105947691A (en) * 2016-06-24 2016-09-21 成都天航智虹企业管理咨询有限公司 Full-automatic setting machine
CN107697650A (en) * 2017-09-25 2018-02-16 河南宾康重工机械有限公司 The code automatic lashing wire apptss of base
CN107697650B (en) * 2017-09-25 2019-08-27 河南宾康重工机械有限公司 The code automatic lashing wire apptss of base
CN109823854A (en) * 2019-04-08 2019-05-31 南通市恒达机械制造有限公司 A kind of manipulator adobe clamping device

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Address after: 464000 No. 128, Beijing Road, the Shihe River District, Henan, Xinyang

Patentee after: XINYANG XIONGSHI EQUIPMENT TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.

Address before: 464000 No. 128, Beijing Road, the Shihe River District, Henan, Xinyang

Patentee before: Xinyang Xiongshi Building Material Equipment Manufacture Co., Ltd.

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