CN102165881B - Straw feeding device of corn straw peel-pulp-leaf separating machine - Google Patents

Straw feeding device of corn straw peel-pulp-leaf separating machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102165881B
CN102165881B CN2010106175001A CN201010617500A CN102165881B CN 102165881 B CN102165881 B CN 102165881B CN 2010106175001 A CN2010106175001 A CN 2010106175001A CN 201010617500 A CN201010617500 A CN 201010617500A CN 102165881 B CN102165881 B CN 102165881B
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China
Prior art keywords
roller
grasping
gear
stalk
straw
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2010106175001A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102165881A (en
Inventor
杨瑞丰
周景辉
刘彤宴
陶学恒
程金石
徐龙权
张运展
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Dalian Polytechnic University
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Dalian Polytechnic University
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Priority to CN2010106175001A priority Critical patent/CN102165881B/en
Publication of CN102165881A publication Critical patent/CN102165881A/en
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Publication of CN102165881B publication Critical patent/CN102165881B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The invention relates to agricultural machinery processing equipment, in particular relating to a straw feeding device of a corn straw skin-flap-leaf separating machine, wherein the straw feeding device provided by the invention is suitable for mechanically feeding single straw. The straw feeding device is characterized by being arranged at the straw inlet of the corn straw skin-flap-leaf separating machine and mainly consisting of a stand, a side compartment plate, a motor, a belt conveyer, a briar dress roller, a plate-type distributor, a material capturing roller mechanism, an output roller mechanism, a belt driver I, a belt driver II, a chain driver I, a chain driver II and a gear driver. The straw feeding device provided by the invention is reasonable in design and compact in structure, adopts the belt drivers provided with toothed external surfaces or continuous roller drivers provided with toothed roller surfaces, and conveys the straw forwards forcibly; and the straw feeding device can force the straw to move left and right along the width direction so as to be gathered at a discharge port, is not only provided with a single straw distributing plate with multiple separating grooves but also provided with the material capturing roller mechanism for capturing the single straw, and has the characteristics of mechanized feeding, reduced worker labor intensity, low cost, convenience in use and the like.

Description

The stalk feeding unit of maize straw skin flesh leaf seperator
Technical field
The invention belongs to the agricultural machinery process equipment, particularly be applicable to the stalk feeding unit of a kind of maize straw skin flesh leaf seperator of the single stalk of motor-driven feeding.
Background technology
As everyone knows, effective utilization of maize straw more and more causes people's attention.The maize straw part can be divided into: stalk skin, stalk flesh, stalk leaf.Wherein the stalk micromicro is with the raw material as papermaking and dalle; The portion slightly of stalk leaf and stalk can be used as feed; The stalk flesh also can be used for producing feed, but its more valuable use be through handling as the padded coaming in the packaging industry, even extract the cellulose medication.Therefore, the effective prerequisite of utilizing of stalk is skin, flesh, effectively separation and the categorised collection of leaf with stalk.Each takes what he needs for application industry, realizes the maximization of stalk resource peak use rate and peasant income.At present, existing a plurality of patents relate to stalk isolation technics and stalk separator.Patent ZL200820071975.3 has proposed the device that a kind of compaction type separates maize straw skin and flesh, leaf, through roll, kneading action makes the stalk flesh and broken the separating of leaf change.This machine remains to be checked to the adaptability of the bigger stalk then of humidity.Patent ZL97216107.4, ZL02237749.2, ZL99225100.1 have proposed the machinery that maize straw skin separates with the flesh leaf respectively.But during above-mentioned machine work, need cause shortcomings such as labor strength is big, production efficiency is low, separation costs height by the operator manually by root pole pair hole feeding.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is intended to the shortcoming and defect part that in above-mentioned technology, exists, and intention is devoted to solve the mechanical feed problem of maize straw skin flesh leaf seperator, and a kind of stalk feeding unit of maize straw skin flesh leaf seperator is provided; In technical scheme of the present invention, both adopt outer surface that the band transmission or the toothed continuous roller transmission of roller surfaces of profile of tooth are arranged, and forced stalk to be fed forward; Dialling pressure stalk broad ways left and right sides play on the material roller, assemble again to delivery outlet; Both be provided with and had a plurality of splitter boxes to isolate the cutting plate of single stalk; The material grasping roller mechanism of the single stalk of effective extracting is housed again, grasps single stalk securely and effectively quickly single stalk is fed into maize straw skin flesh leaf seperator with the mechanization instead of manual; Therefore the present invention is not only reasonable in design, compact conformation, and have the mechanization feeding, characteristics such as alleviate labor strength and reduce cost.
The objective of the invention is to adopt following technical scheme to realize: the stalk feeding unit of described maize straw skin flesh leaf seperator; It is characterized in that: on the corresponding ground of stalk entrance location of maize straw skin flesh leaf seperator, installing separates the feeding unit of single stalk formula; The stalk feeding unit of described maize straw skin flesh leaf seperator; It is characterized in that: on the corresponding ground of stalk entrance location of maize straw skin flesh leaf seperator; The single separate type feeding unit of installing stalk, the single separate type feeding unit of described stalk are the stalk feed bins of being made up of the belt conveyor in two side carriage plates and the belt conveyor in the installing of frame end face; Frame lower dress motor stretches installing first band transmission on the motor shaft outside frame one side, drives first chain drive driving belt conveyer through the transmission of first band, and the preceding conveying tape spool of belt conveyor drives through second chain drive and dials material roller; Be hinged with downward-sloping board-like tripper forward with corresponding stalk feed bin top, group material roller position; Described board-like tripper is made up of plate member, hinge set bolt; The top of this plate member is hinged on two side carriage plates through hinge and set bolt; The plate face of its plate member is interior or be watt a plurality of splitter boxes of rib ditch shape cross section; Or being a plurality of splitter boxes of wave ditch shape cross section, the isolated single stalk of its each splitter box is grabbed out through outlet roller mechanism through frame material grasping roller mechanism and is fed in the import of maize straw skin flesh leaf seperator; This material grasping roller mechanism is made up of material grasping roller under material grasping roller input gear, last material grasping roller and the nail formula under material grasping roller output gear, the nail formula under the nail formula; Described outlet roller mechanism is by last outlet roller, arching trajectory groove, regulating spring, outlet roller and the transmission of second band are formed down; Outlet roller two ends axle journal can move in the arching trajectory groove of two side carriage plates symmetry on it; Regulate two outlet roller spacings through regulating spring, its regulating spring is used to keep minimum spacing; Described outlet roller is down driven by the transmission of second band; Its preceding axle head of exporting roll shaft down stretches outside frame; Outlet roller gear down is housed on the following outlet roller axle head that stretches; Its down outlet roller gear be meshed with following transition gear one side, the material grasping roller is imported gear and is meshed under following transition gear opposite side and the nail formula; The described back axle head of going up the output roll shaft stretches outside frame; The outlet roller gear is housed on the outlet roller axle head on stretching; Side of outlet roller gear is meshed with last transition gear one side on it; Last transition gear opposite side is meshed with last material grasping roller gear on the last material grasping roll shaft, and material grasping roller output gear is meshed under the nail formula under last material grasping roller gear and the nail formula on the material grasping roll shaft.
Principle of the present invention is set forth in down with the operation branch: the motor among the present invention drives first chain drive driving belt conveyer through the transmission of first band; Second chain drive on the preceding conveyer belt roll shaft is given power distribution and is dialled material roller; The power of material grasping roller by under export roller and obtain through gear drive, and pass on the material grasping roller through gear drive and to export roller; The axle journal of last output roller can move in arc groove, retrains the gap between the outlet roller through the regulating spring of regulating two outlet roller spacings.Bundled stalk is opened a bundle back root part and is directly placed on the belt conveyer belt forward and be fed forward; Dialling the slot hole place that concentrates on the single stalk of each splendid attire under material roller and the cutting plate acting in conjunction; Nethermost stalk is grabbed by following material grasping roller, under the cooperation of last material grasping roller, be sent in the outlet roller device in twos between the outlet roller; Carry output secretly by outlet roller at last.After nethermost stalk was transferred, top straw fell to each slot hole place in the effect of dialling material roller and cutting plate, continued to separate output by the material grasping roller mechanism with the outlet roller device.
The comprehensive above technical scheme of being taked realizes the object of the invention.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has following characteristics:
(1), adopt outer surface that the band transmission or the toothed continuous roller transmission of roller surfaces of profile of tooth are arranged, force stalk to be fed forward.
(2) dial material roller and force stalk broad ways left and right sides play, avoid stalk to be deposited in non-slot hole place.
(3) employing is provided with a plurality of splitter boxes to isolate the cutting plate of single stalk, and stalk is concentrated to the slot hole place of output.
(4) material grabbing mechanism can effectively grasp single stalk at the slot hole place, and delivers to delivery outlet.
(5) the outlet roller device is effectively exported stalk, avoids stagnating.
Therefore, the present invention is not only reasonable in design, and compact conformation, and have the mechanization feeding alleviates labor strength, reduces cost and uses characteristics such as very convenient.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment the present invention is described further.
The present invention has four width of cloth accompanying drawings.Wherein:
Accompanying drawing 1 is the main TV structure sketch map of the specific embodiment of the invention;
Accompanying drawing 2 is schematic top plan view of Fig. 1;
Accompanying drawing 3 is that the A of Fig. 2 is to sketch map;
Accompanying drawing 4 is Fig. 1 schematic side view.
Among the figure: 1, frame, 2, side carriage plate, 3, motor, 4, the rear carrier axle, 5, belt conveyor; 6, preceding conveying tape spool, 7, dial material roller, 8, board-like tripper, 9, material grasping roller under the nail formula, 10, go up the material grasping roller, 11, outlet roller down; 12, go up outlet roller, 13, regulating spring, 14, the arching trajectory groove, 15, hinge, 16, the belt wheel first; 17, belt wheel second, 18, the transmission of first band, 19, belt wheel third, 20, sprocket wheel first, 21, first chain drive, 22, sprocket wheel second, 23, sprocket wheel third; 24, second chain drive, 25, the sprocket wheel fourth, 26, the transmission of second band, 27, the belt wheel fourth, 28, outlet roller gear down; 29, following transition gear, 30, material grasping roller input gear under the nail formula, 31, material grasping roller output gear under the nail formula, 32, go up the material grasping roller gear, 33, go up transition gear; 34, go up the outlet roller gear, 35, set bolt, 36, the single delivery outlet of stalk, 37, steel nail.
Embodiment
Fig. 1,2,3, shown in 4 specific embodiment of the present invention; It is the stalk feeding unit at the maize straw skin flesh leaf seperator of the maize straw skin flesh leaf seperator place installation that three imports are arranged of certain rural area maize processing factory; It is characterized in that: on the corresponding ground of stalk entrance location of maize straw skin flesh leaf seperator; The single separate type feeding unit of installing stalk, the single separate type feeding unit of described stalk are the stalk feed bins of being made up of two side carriage plates 2 and the belt conveyor in the belt conveyor 2 in the installing of frame 1 end face; Frame 1 bottom dress motor 3 stretches the 3 upward installing first band transmissions 18 of motor outside frame 1 one sides, drives first chain drive 21 driving belt conveyers 5 through first band transmission 18, drives group material roller 7 through second chain drive 24 on the drive axle 6 of belt conveyor 5; Be hinged with downward-sloping board-like tripper 8 forward with corresponding stalk feed bin top, group material roller 7 positions; Described board-like tripper 8 is made up of plate member, hinge 15, set bolt 35; The top of this plate member is hinged on two side carriage plates 2 through hinge 15 and set bolt 35; The plate face of its plate member is interior or be watt a plurality of splitter boxes of rib ditch shape cross section; Or being a plurality of splitter boxes of wave ditch shape cross section, the isolated single stalk of its each splitter box is grabbed out through outlet roller mechanism through the material grasping roller mechanism on the frame 1 and is fed in the import of maize straw skin flesh leaf seperator; This material grasping roller mechanism by material grasping roller input gear 30 under material grasping roller output gear 31, the nail formula under last material grasping roller gear 32, the nail formula, go up under material grasping roller 10 and the nail formula material grasping roller 9 and form; Described outlet roller mechanism is by last outlet roller 12, arching trajectory 14, regulating spring 13, outlet roller 11 and second band transmission 26 are formed down; Outlet roller 12 two ends axle journals can move in the arching trajectory groove 14 of two side carriage plates, 2 symmetries on it; Regulate two outlet roller spacings through regulating spring 13, its regulating spring 13 is used to keep minimum spacing; Described outlet roller 11 is down driven by second band transmission 26; The preceding axle head that its following outlet roller is 11 stretches outside frame 1; Outlet roller gear 28 down is housed on following outlet roller 11 axle heads that stretch; Its down outlet roller gear 28 be meshed with following transition gear 29 1 sides, under following transition gear 29 opposite sides and the nail formula under the nail formula of material grasping roll shaft the material grasping roller import gear 30 and be meshed; The described back axle head of going up 12 of outlet rollers stretches outside frame 1; On stretching, on outlet roller 12 axle heads outlet roller gear 34 is housed; Side of outlet roller gear 34 is meshed with last transition gear 33 1 sides on it; Last material grasping roller gear 32 on 10 on last transition gear 33 opposite sides and the last material grasping roller is meshed, and material grasping roller output gear 31 is meshed under the nail formula under last material grasping roller gear 32 and the nail formula on 9 on the material grasping roller.
Described belt conveyor is made up of preceding conveying tape spool, rear carrier axle and belt conveyor, and the belt outer surface has profile of tooth.
The described group of material roller 7 that stalk is assembled to delivery outlet is group material roller body of break-in screw rod; Dial and to revolve staggered alternate spiral about being distributed with on the outer circumference surface of material roller 7.
The angle of inclination of described board-like tripper 8 and vertical guide is less than 60 °.
Described material grasping roller mechanism by material grasping roller input gear 30 under material grasping roller output gear 31, the nail formula under last material grasping roller gear 32, the nail formula, go up under material grasping roller 10 and the nail formula material grasping roller 9 and form; With material grasping roller 9 under last material grasping roller that parallels through bearings on the corresponding frame of board-like tripper 8 bottom positions 1 both sides 10 and the nail formula; Install respectively on the side two axial ends of two material grasping rollers said on material grasping roller gear 31 under material grasping roller gear 32 and the said nail formula, be meshed and drive the rotation of two material grasping rollers by the said material grasping roller gear 31 of going up under material grasping roller gear 32 and the said nail formula; In the contact-making surface of each corresponding two material grasping roller in splitter box position of board-like tripper 8; Be provided with passage that maize straw passes through, that form by upper and lower chase groove; Under described nail formula, be distributed with the steel nail 37 of the convexity below five rows in the recessed groove of the periphery of material grasping roller 9, the quantity of its every row's steel nail 37 is below 10; Its each protruding steel nail 37 with radially become 0~60 ° of angle.
Described first chain drive 21 by on the sprocket wheel first 20 on the preceding conveying tape spool 6, the rear carrier axle 4 sprocket wheel second 22 and driving-chain form.
Described second chain drive 24 is made up of the sprocket wheel on the preceding conveying tape spool 6 the third 23, sprocket wheel fourth 25 and the driving-chain dialled on the material roller axle.
The transmission 18 of described first band is made up of the belt wheel first 16 on 3 in the motor, belt wheel second 19 and the V-belt on the preceding conveying tape spool 6.
The transmission 26 of described second band is by the belt wheel on 3 in the motor the third 17, the belt wheel fourth 27 on 11 of the outlet rollers is formed down.
One end of described regulating spring 13 connects to be gone up on the outlet roller 12, and the other end of regulating spring 13 is connected on the corresponding side carriage plate 2.
The above; Be merely preferable embodiment of the present invention; But protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto; All are familiar with the technical staff in present technique field in technical scope disclosed by the invention, are equal to replacement or change and all should be encompassed within protection scope of the present invention according to technical scheme of the present invention and design of the present invention thereof.

Claims (9)

1. the stalk feeding unit of a maize straw skin flesh leaf seperator; It is characterized in that: on the corresponding ground of stalk entrance location of maize straw skin flesh leaf seperator; The single separate type feeding unit of installing stalk, the single separate type feeding unit of described stalk are the stalk feed bins that is made up of the belt conveyor in two side carriage plates (2) and the belt conveyor (5) in the installing of frame (1) end face; Frame lower dress motor (3); Stretch installing first band transmission (18) on motor (3) axle outside frame (1) one side; Drive first chain drive (21) driving belt conveyer (5) through first band transmission (18), the preceding conveying tape spool (6) of belt conveyor (5) drives through second chain drive (24) and dials material roller (7); Be hinged with downward-sloping board-like tripper (8) forward with corresponding stalk feed bin top, group material roller (7) position; Described board-like tripper (8) is made up of plate member, hinge (15) set bolt (35); The top of this plate member is hinged on two side carriage plates (2) through hinge (15) and set bolt (35); The plate face of its plate member is interior or be watt a plurality of splitter boxes of rib ditch shape cross section; Or being a plurality of splitter boxes of wave ditch shape cross section, the isolated single stalk of its each splitter box is grabbed out through outlet roller mechanism through frame (1) material grasping roller mechanism and is fed in the import of maize straw skin flesh leaf seperator; This material grasping roller mechanism is made up of material grasping roller (9) under material grasping roller input gear (30), last material grasping roller (10) and the nail formula under material grasping roller output gear (31), the nail formula under last material grasping roller gear (32), the nail formula; Described outlet roller mechanism is by last outlet roller (12), arching trajectory groove (14), regulating spring (13), outlet roller (11) and second band transmission (26) are formed down; Outlet roller on it (12) two ends axle journal can move in the arching trajectory groove (14) of two side carriage plates (2) symmetry; Regulate two outlet roller spacings through regulating spring (13), its regulating spring (13) is used to keep minimum spacing; Described outlet roller (11) is down driven by the transmission of second band; Preceding axle head of outlet roller (11) axle stretches outside frame (1) under it; Outlet roller gear (28) down is housed on the following outlet roller axle head that stretches; Its down outlet roller gear (28) be meshed with following transition gear (29) one sides, under following transition gear (29) opposite side and the nail formula under the nail formula of material grasping roller (9) spool the material grasping roller import gear (30) and be meshed; The described back axle head of going up outlet roller (12) axle stretches outside frame (1); On outlet roller on stretching (12) axle head outlet roller gear (34) is housed; Side of outlet roller gear (34) is meshed with last transition gear (33) one sides on it; Last transition gear (33) opposite side is meshed with last material grasping roller gear (32) on last material grasping roller (10) axle, and material grasping roller output gear (31) is meshed under the nail formula under last material grasping roller gear (32) and the nail formula on material grasping roller (9) axle.
2. by the stalk feeding unit of the described maize straw skin flesh of claim 1 leaf seperator, it is characterized in that: described belt conveyor (5) is made up of preceding conveying tape spool (6), rear carrier axle (4) and belt conveyor, and the belt outer surface has profile of tooth.
3. by the stalk feeding unit of the described maize straw skin flesh of claim 1 leaf seperator, it is characterized in that: make stalk about being distributed with on the outer circumference surface of the described group of material roller (7) that delivery outlet is assembled, revolve staggered alternate spiral.
4. by the stalk feeding unit of the described maize straw skin flesh of claim 1 leaf seperator, it is characterized in that: the angle of inclination of described board-like tripper (8) and vertical guide is less than 60 °.
5. by the stalk feeding unit of the described maize straw skin flesh of claim 1 leaf seperator, it is characterized in that: described material grasping roller mechanism is made up of material grasping roller (9) under material grasping roller input gear (30), last material grasping roller (10) and the nail formula under material grasping roller output gear (31), the nail formula under last material grasping roller gear (32), the nail formula; With material grasping roller (9) under last material grasping roller (10) that parallels through bearings on the corresponding frame of board-like tripper (8) bottom position (1) both sides and the nail formula; Install respectively on the side two axial ends of two material grasping rollers said on material grasping roller gear (31) under material grasping roller gear (32) and the said nail formula, go up the be meshed rotation of driving two material grasping rollers of material grasping roller gear (31) under material grasping roller gear (32) and the said nail formula by said; In the contact-making surface of each corresponding two material grasping roller in splitter box position of board-like tripper (8); Be provided with passage that maize straw passes through, that form by upper and lower chase groove; Under described nail formula, be distributed with the steel nail (37) of the convexity below five rows in the recessed groove of the periphery of material grasping roller (9), the quantity of its every row's steel nail (37) is below 10; Its each protruding steel nail (37) with radially become 0~60 ° of angle.
6. by the stalk feeding unit of the described maize straw skin flesh of claim 1 leaf seperator, it is characterized in that: described first chain drive (21) is made up of the sprocket wheel first (20) on the preceding conveying tape spool (6), sprocket wheel second (22) and the driving-chain on the rear carrier axle (4).
7. by the stalk feeding unit of the described maize straw skin flesh of claim 1 leaf seperator, it is characterized in that: described second chain drive (24) is made up of sprocket wheel fourth (25) and driving-chain on the sprocket wheel on the preceding conveying tape spool (6) third (23), group material roller axle.
8. by the stalk feeding unit of the described maize straw skin flesh of claim 1 leaf seperator, it is characterized in that: described first band transmission (18) is made up of the belt wheel first (16) on motor (3) axle, belt wheel second (19) and the V-belt on the preceding conveying tape spool (6).
9. by the stalk feeding unit of the described maize straw skin flesh of claim 1 leaf seperator, it is characterized in that: described second band transmission (26) is made up of the belt wheel fourth (27) on the belt wheel third (17) on motor (3) axle, following outlet roller (11) axle.
CN2010106175001A 2010-12-30 2010-12-30 Straw feeding device of corn straw peel-pulp-leaf separating machine Expired - Fee Related CN102165881B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010106175001A CN102165881B (en) 2010-12-30 2010-12-30 Straw feeding device of corn straw peel-pulp-leaf separating machine

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010106175001A CN102165881B (en) 2010-12-30 2010-12-30 Straw feeding device of corn straw peel-pulp-leaf separating machine

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CN102165881B true CN102165881B (en) 2012-10-31

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN103848205A (en) * 2012-12-04 2014-06-11 大连工业大学 Corn stalk distributor with variable width grooves
CN104071535A (en) * 2014-07-16 2014-10-01 黑龙江辉桐农业机械制造有限公司 Auger gap bridge material stirring device
CN108816377B (en) * 2018-06-12 2020-07-10 许美凤 Still field device is smashed to wheat straw
CN110886120B (en) * 2019-11-15 2021-06-08 大连一品机械制造有限公司 Steam pressure flash explosion device

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3939659A1 (en) * 1989-11-30 1991-06-06 Khd Agrartechnik Harvesting machine for green foodstuffs - has cutter bar, feed screw, conveyor belt, prepn. units, conveyor belt with buffer space and metering roller
DE4324686A1 (en) * 1993-07-22 1995-01-26 Franz Simon Process and apparatus for preparing straw
CN2935775Y (en) * 2006-08-14 2007-08-22 李军 Straw cutter
CN201191997Y (en) * 2008-05-15 2009-02-11 洛阳四达农机有限公司 Straw collection feeding device
CN201234470Y (en) * 2008-06-13 2009-05-13 刘一清 Apparatus for separating corn stalk hull and pulp, leaf by roller compaction
CN201559237U (en) * 2009-12-09 2010-08-25 东北农业大学 Corn stalk skin-pulp separator

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3939659A1 (en) * 1989-11-30 1991-06-06 Khd Agrartechnik Harvesting machine for green foodstuffs - has cutter bar, feed screw, conveyor belt, prepn. units, conveyor belt with buffer space and metering roller
DE4324686A1 (en) * 1993-07-22 1995-01-26 Franz Simon Process and apparatus for preparing straw
CN2935775Y (en) * 2006-08-14 2007-08-22 李军 Straw cutter
CN201191997Y (en) * 2008-05-15 2009-02-11 洛阳四达农机有限公司 Straw collection feeding device
CN201234470Y (en) * 2008-06-13 2009-05-13 刘一清 Apparatus for separating corn stalk hull and pulp, leaf by roller compaction
CN201559237U (en) * 2009-12-09 2010-08-25 东北农业大学 Corn stalk skin-pulp separator

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