CN102164065B - Electric link bus system - Google Patents

Electric link bus system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102164065B
CN102164065B CN 201110101534 CN201110101534A CN102164065B CN 102164065 B CN102164065 B CN 102164065B CN 201110101534 CN201110101534 CN 201110101534 CN 201110101534 A CN201110101534 A CN 201110101534A CN 102164065 B CN102164065 B CN 102164065B
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bus
functional module
unit
configuration
module
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CN 201110101534
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102164065A (en
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吴亮
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北京浩天融智电气科技有限公司
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Abstract

The invention provides an electric link bus system. In the invention, central air conditioning equipment, electrical switch equipment, lighting equipment, energy management equipment, safety protection equipment, environmental monitoring equipment and the like in a building can be integrated, and all the equipment can be monitored and managed in a centralized way by using a unified bus network structure and a control platform; meanwhile, interconnection and communication with other systems can be realized by communication interfaces, thus, a modern electric link network system is formed.

Description

Electric thing connection bus system

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of electric thing connection bus of intelligent digital, belong to electric automatization and ICT (information and communication technology) field.

Background technology

Along with the development of digitalized city, the formation of city common information platform, more and more to groups of building intellectuality and informationalized requirement at present.Digitlization block, digitlization garden, digital building group that multiple buildings such as office, inhabitation, commercialization, factory building form continue to bring out, and make intelligent building be moved towards intellectuality, the digitlization of groups of building by the intelligent building of monomer.

In the modern architecture, along with the variation of various function facilities, electric installation, control circuit are also increasingly sophisticated.How when satisfying power, installment work is simplified, and can the assurance system good flexibility and cheap operating cost, the electric thing connection of modern architecture Developing Trend in Technology become.And do not have such cover to be specifically designed to various electric thing connection buses as yet in the prior art at present.What publication number was that the patent document of CN1392753 describes is a kind of illumination control method based on bus and system, is a kind of bussing technique that is directed to illumination control aspect.What publication number was that the patent document of CN1430384 describes is a kind of intelligent home network control bus, and still, this bus pointer is for digitization community intelligence controlling device technical field.

This shows, a certain function or in management and the control in a field in the just building field of realizing in the prior art, do not have a kind of various electric installing areas that really are suitable for, and multiple electric equipment is carried out the system of installation administration by a bus.

Summary of the invention

Purpose of the present invention just provides a kind of Internet of Things bus platform, and [English abbreviates as T-Bus ELB(Three-Bus EleCtric Link Bus)], with the central air conditioning equipment in the building, electric switch equipment, lighting equipment, energy conservation, video monitoring, security protection, equipment such as environmental monitoring are integrated, by unified network bus structure and control platform, realization is to centralized monitor and the management of these equipment, and by corresponding communication interface (as: RS232, RS485, Ethernet, wireless ZIGBEE, WiFi, 3G etc.) and related system, as public telephone network, the internet, other control platform etc. carries out interconnected communication, thereby constitutes modern electric Internet of Things system.

In order to reach the foregoing invention purpose, technical scheme of the present invention realizes in the following way:

A kind of electric thing connection bus system comprises bus, binding post, bus power source administrative unit, each functional module elements and host computer.Its design feature is that described each functional module elements is linked together by binding post by bus.Host computer is connected by the communication interface of RS232 serial ports with the bus power source administrative unit, disposes the control logic relation between described each function executor.Above-mentioned each function executor comprises network element, external interface unit, lighting control unit, electric equipment administrative unit, security protection unit, environmental detection unit, energy conservation unit etc.

⑴ network element mainly is to realize carrying out exchanges data with the external world by telephone, cable network (RJ45), wireless network (as: 3G, WIFI, ZIGBEE, RF etc.) interface, and reaches remote monitoring.

⑵ external interface unit mainly is to carry out exchanges data by realizations such as 485 interfaces or 232 interfaces and other system, to reach purposes such as data sharing.

⑶ lighting control unit comprises input units such as soft-touch control, rotary switch, electronics point driving switch, common rocker switch, wireless remote control, switch and the brightness of illumination can be controlled by input unit and other control mode, even the fine or not situation of this lighting apparatus can be monitored.

⑷ electric equipment administrative unit comprises control, energy consumption situation and the centralized management etc. of equipment.

⑸ security protection unit comprises sensor units such as the CO detection that inserts in this bus, cigarette sense, IR Passive, Men Ci.

⑹ environmental detection unit comprises sensor units such as the temperature that environmental parameter is detected that inserts in this bus, humidity, illumination, wind-force.

⑺ energy conservation unit mainly comprises energy monitor management to electricity consumption situations such as various electric, lighting apparatus (as: parameters such as voltage, electric current, meritorious, idle, power factor).

What above-mentioned bus adopted is a kind of bus control system of standard, control mode is reciprocity control mode, be different from traditional principal and subordinate's control mode, bus adopts the common cable of three cores, three heart yearns represent direct current 24V power line, direct current ground wire and data wire respectively, and all modules in the system all adopt the 24VDC working power.The speed of communication is 4800bps ~ 38400bps.

Above-mentioned bus system adopts the element address structural design, give the corresponding physical address of each functional part (distributing automatically by software) according to the hierarchical organization of system and the function of application controller, control command is delivered to corresponding address by bus, reaches the purpose of control.Its physical address is to adopt tree, and the most basic formation of system is each functional module elements, is connected by bus between unit and the unit, constitutes a subsystem.Unit number on subsystem can reach 255, and each unit can take back the road and be 16 to the maximum.16 subsystems can be connected to each other and combine by Power Management Unit, thereby constitute a complete system.The number of nodes of system's control can reach 65280 (255*16*16).

The present invention has that networking structure is simple, and extended capability is good, and access way is convenient, flexible, this locality and remote monitoring function, and high reliability and fail safe, simple mounting means etc., thus realize high reliability, electric thing connection cheaply.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is system configuration schematic diagram of the present invention

Fig. 2 is the system configuration schematic diagram of Power Management Unit of the present invention

Fig. 3 is the system configuration schematic diagram of digital electric meter of the present invention unit

Fig. 4 is the system configuration schematic diagram of OLED humiture display button of the present invention unit

Fig. 5 is wireless two-way remote manipulator system structural representation of the present invention

Fig. 6 is ethernet gateway cellular system structural representation of the present invention

Fig. 7 is the host computer configuration software

The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and concrete execution mode.

Embodiment

Referring to Fig. 1, electric thing connection bus system comprises bus power source supply 1, power supply managing unit 2, system bus 3, each functional module elements N and host computer 4.

Described functional module elements is linked together by system bus 3.

Described host computer 4 carries out communication by RS232 interface and the Power Management Unit 2 of standard, and host computer 4 utilizes special-purpose host computer configuration software to carry out uploading/downloading of data by Power Management Unit 2, and whole system is managed for configuration.

Described power supply unit 1 changes the 24V Switching Power Supply for 220V, for system bus is that Power Management Unit 2 provides 24V DC power supply.

Described Power Management Unit 2 is responsible for providing bus power source and data power supply, and the communication transfer between host computer and the bus system.Host computer carries out communication by system configuration software and electric thing connection bus system, the various information of each functional module elements in the reading system, requirement according to the user, in the relation of the control logic between configurable each functional module elements on the host computer, this logical relation is downloaded in each functional module, after removing host computer, each functional module elements on the whole system can cooperate in harmony according to pre-configured logical relation.Also can carry out failure diagnosis to system by the network diagnosis program on the host computer, find out the occurrence cause of some faults in the system.

Referring to Fig. 2, external direct current 24V power supply converts bus power source and the data power supply that system needs to through power transfer module 1, and each chip operation power supply, master chip 3 is by reading the Time of Day information data of clock chip 2, and these temporal informations are sent to each functional module elements on the bus network as system time, make each functional module elements that unified system time be arranged, with the convenient feature operation that realizes various cycles, timing property.

Described functional module elements comprises: digital electric meter unit 5, fan coil control unit 6, curtain control unit 7, incandescent lamp light modulation unit 8, fluorescent lamp light modulation unit 9, DO unit 10, telephone unit 11, current detecting unit 12, AI input unit 13, AO output unit 14, DI unit 15, TI unit 16, gateway unit 17, wireless two-way remote controller 18, common key-press unit 19, OLED humiture display button unit 20, wireless receiving and dispatching push-button unit 21 etc.All have data message and the driver of describing this module basic function in each functional module elements.

Each functional module elements all adopts the Freescale MC9S08AW32 chip with two-way ability to communicate, and it both can be sent the information of oneself to the Web, also can receive the information that any functional module elements transmits on the network.Do not have master slave relation in network, each functional module elements is seized bus by competition mechanism, sends the information of oneself.The quantity of functional module elements can be held 255.The present invention can finish point-to-point, and point is realized the exchanges data between each functional module to the data communication of modes such as multiple spot and broadcast type, by the real time operating system in the functional module, makes the running that whole system is coordinated.Real time operating system in each functional module elements is responsible for finishing competition, the transmission of communication bus and is received the distribution of data, data check, real-time task and functions such as execution, resource management.

Each functional module elements as required, with data and the driver that reads in the functional module elements separately, after host computer 4 configurations, is carried out according to given task under the management of real time operating system when powering on.There is input channel to be responsible for gathering various parameters or information in each functional module elements, and these information are sent on the bus, after other functional module elements in the bus receives these information, make corresponding processing according to given logic, finish intended function by the output channel in these functional module elements.Have communication program, clock interrupt service routine, Flash in the functional module elements and wipe and write checking routine, self-check program, configuration process program, power management routines, basic initialize routine, module detecting and module interface handling procedure, the groundwork program such as TSR of using commonly used.

The collection of all power consumption equipment power informations in the control system is responsible for detecting in above-mentioned digital electric meter unit 5, and this unit comprises shunt detecting element 1, electric weight detection chip 2, master chip 3, bus interface module 4, FLASH memory 5.

Referring to Fig. 3,1 corresponding electrical signal collection of detecting element is to electric weight detection chip 2, calculate actual electrical parameter by electric weight detection chip 2, comprise: electric current, voltage, active power, reactive power, power factor etc., and the related data storage and to FLASH memory 5, to make things convenient for reading of electric weight historical data, master chip 3 obtains real-time information about power by electric weight detection chip 2, and be sent on the bus network by bus interface module 4, information management platform relevant on the bus network can obtain these information about power, comes the electricity consumption situation of power consumption equipment in the understanding system.

The control to central air-conditioning fan coil in the building is responsible in above-mentioned fan coil control 6, and and OLED humiture display button unit 20 in the humiture sense channel carry out related, the intelligent management of realization air-conditioning.

Above-mentioned curtain control unit 7 is responsible for the control to electrically driven curtain or shutter.

Above-mentioned incandescent lamp light modulation unit 8 and fluorescent lamp light modulation unit 9, switching and the brightness regulation of all incandescent lamps and fluorescent lamp in the responsible control system.

Above-mentioned DO (digital quantity output) unit 10 comprises the equipment output module of powerful equipment output module and middle low power.The main control of being responsible for switching value equipment in the system.

Above-mentioned telephone unit 11 carries out mutual exchanges data by fixed telephone or the mobile phone of telephone line interface and appointment, the user can (can set 2 different telephone numbers with fixed telephone or mobile phone that the mode of voice sends to appointment on one's own initiative simultaneously with the warning message set in advance, in case one of them is occupied, as long as but it get through one of them and then will ignore another one).The user can link to each other with telephone unit 11 in the building by landline telephone or mobile phone outside, can control the open and close of equipment in the building, also can inquire about the state of the interior equipment of building.

Above-mentioned current detecting unit 12 is responsible for the load current of the power consumption equipment that inserts this element loop is detected by current detection module, and calculates an actual current value is sent on the bus network by the bus communication interface.

Above-mentioned AI (analog quantity input) unit 13 is responsible for the curtage signal that inserts this loop is detected, and by 10 A/D ALT-CH alternate channels in the module, converts the digital quantity of corresponding ratio to, and is sent on the bus network by the bus communication interface.

Above-mentioned AO (analog quantity output) unit 14 is responsible for the curtage signal that inserts this loop is controlled output, by 10 D/A ALT-CH alternate channels in the module, converts the curtage signal of corresponding ratio to.

Above-mentioned DI (digital quantity input) unit 15 comprises modules such as the CO probe, cigarette sense probe, the IR Passive that insert in the bus network are popped one's head in, door magnetic probe.By detecting the state variation of various probes, feed back in real time in the bus network, by with corresponding output unit as: DO (digital quantity output) carries out logic association in the unit, can realize necessary warning or protection action.

Above-mentioned TI (temperature detection input) unit 16, be responsible for to compare rigorous environment to the thermometric environment to the PT100O temperature probe that inserts this loop, as: solution etc. carry out temperature detection, by a series of signal amplification circuit, the small-signal of PT100O temperature probe is adjusted to the voltage signal of standard, by 10 A/D ALT-CH alternate channels in the module, conversion is calculated to be corresponding temperature value, and is sent on the bus network by the bus communication interface.

Above-mentioned ethernet gateway unit 17 comprises ethernet interface module 1, master chip 2, bus interface module 3.

Referring to Fig. 6, above-mentioned ethernet gateway unit carries out mutual exchanges data by ethernet interface module 1 and local area network (LAN), realize the protocol conversion of electric thing connection bus system and local area network (LAN), and corresponding data are transmitted to master chip 2, master chip 2 is sent on the bus network by bus interface module 3.Can directly land the built-in webserver of gateway unit of the present invention outside, through on webpage, both having controlled the equipment in the building after the necessary security authentication, also can inquire about the equipment state in the building.

Above-mentioned wireless two-way remote controller 18 comprises LCD touch-screen 1, wireless forwarding module 2, master chip 3, FLASH memory 4, infrared receiving module 5, infrared transmission module 6, button control module 7.

Referring to Fig. 5, the wireless two-way remote controller is by the operation of LCD touch-screen 1 and button control module 7, relevant control command is sent by wireless forwarding module 2, embedded wireless forwarding module receives and order data is forwarded on the bus network in the wireless receiving and dispatching push-button unit 21, corresponding functional module elements on the bus network receives and carries out corresponding order, and state information fed back on the bus network, wireless forwarding module embedded in the wireless receiving and dispatching push-button unit 21 receives these feedback informations, be forwarded to the wireless forwarding module 2 of wireless two-way remote controller by wireless mode, wireless forwarding module 2 is forwarded to the master chip 3 of wireless two-way remote controller again, master chip 3 is shown to LCD touch-screen 1 to corresponding state informations, partial information as: short message is stored to FLASH memory 4.The wireless two-way remote controller also can receive and learn the infrared ray remotes control code of the Infrared remote controller of various household electrical appliance by infrared receiving module 5, and by the control function of the corresponding infrared ray remotes control code of infrared transmission module 6 emissions with the realization infrared equipment.

Above-mentioned OLED humiture display button unit 20 comprises the OLED display screen 2 of 1, one 128*32 resolution of a humiture detecting element, display driver chip 3, master chip 4, bus interface module 5, button control module 6.

Referring to Fig. 4, temperature and humidity parameter by humiture detection module 1 testing environment, master chip 4 obtains these parameters and is calculated to be actual temperature and humidity value, show at OLED display screen 2 by display driver chip 3, simultaneously corresponding humiture value is sent on the bus network by bus interface module 5.

Above-mentioned wireless receiving and dispatching push-button unit 21 comprises reception and the sending module of a wireless signal.Adopt the wireless communication technique of IEEE 802.15.4 agreement, realization and wireless two-way remote controller 18 i.e. information interaction between the hand-held control terminal, to realize the multi-angle controlled in wireless to equipment in the system.

The network-bus that adopts among the present invention is the three-wire system bus that designs voluntarily, comprises power line (24V), ground wire and data wire, and the speed of communication is 19200bps, can satisfy requirement of the present invention substantially.

The configuration software of above-mentioned host computer 4 mainly comprises system configuration software.

Referring to Fig. 7, system configuration software is mainly used to provide initial configuration to electric thing connection bus bus system, can work normally according to predetermined configuration requirement through the bus system after the initial configuration.Its layoutprocedure is as follows:

(1) adds new grid address;

(2) each functional module elements configuration information of system uploads;

(3) set up the zone;

(4) unit module configuration;

(5) display module passage;

(6) passage subregion;

(7) passage configuration (comprising: set a property, define control relation, timing etc.);

(8) importing, derivation or removing module;

(9) revise sequence number;

(10) download driver or configuration data;

(11) download configuration information (comprising: each functional module elements is downloaded and remote controller is downloaded).

Major function of the present invention is as follows:

1. situ configuration function: can carry out corresponding software configuration to the network hardware of installing by host computer, in the hope of reaching the desired logical relation of user;

2. wireless/infrared remote control and interactive function: the remote controller that the user can be by handheld tape large-size screen monitors LCD to all devices in the building control, inquire about, arrange, regularly, scene etc.;

3. the switching of illuminator and dimming function;

4. electric equipment control (infrared and power supply open and close controlling);

5. equipment such as Electrically operated gate, electrically driven curtain/awning blind control;

6. central air-conditioning fan coil control;

7. safety protection function: a magnetic is arranged, the cigarette sense, the CO probe, various probes such as IR Passive are formed the guard system of safety;

8. environment monitoring function: be made up of various Temperature Humidity Sensors, comprise wiredly with wireless, being mainly provides the ambient temperature and humidity of indoor and outdoor value;

9. telephone remote monitoring function: the user can check the state of each equipment in the shelter by phone/mobile phone, and can Long-distance Control these be connected to equipment on the network;

10. gateway interactive function: the user can be connected to the Internet by gateway unit, can directly visit the site for service of native system by the login password of input oneself, just can directly login the equipment control webpage of oneself, and can carry out Long-distance Control, inquire about all electric equipment states etc.;

11. the electric quantity monitoring in whole zone (comprises electric current, voltage, frequency, meritorious, idle, apparent power, total electric weight.

Claims (6)

1. an electric thing joins bus system, comprise bus, binding post, bus power source administrative unit, host computer, ethernet gateway unit and each functional module elements, wherein said host computer is controlled described electric thing connection bus system by system configuration software, the various data messages of each functional module elements in its reading system, and can be according to user's requirement, control logic between each functional module elements of main frame configuration concerns, and this logical relation is downloaded in each functional module elements; After removing host computer, each functional module elements on the whole system also can cooperate in harmony according to pre-configured logical relation; Described each functional module elements is connected on the bus by each binding post; The bus power source administrative unit is used for providing bus power source and data power supply, and for providing communication to connect between host computer and the bus; Each functional module elements is seized bus to send the data message of oneself by competition mechanism, and host computer is used for the control logic relation between described each functional module elements of configuration; Carry out mutual exchanges data by this ethernet gateway unit and local area network (LAN), realize the protocol conversion of electric thing connection bus system and local area network (LAN); Described each functional module elements comprises at least with lower unit:
Push-button unit;
The external interface unit is realized carrying out exchanges data and data sharing with other system by 485 interfaces or 232 interfaces;
Lighting control unit comprises soft-touch control, rotary switch, electronics point driving switch, common rocker switch or wireless remote control input unit, by switch and the brightness of input unit and other control mode control illumination, and the fine or not situation of monitoring, illumination equipment;
The electric equipment administrative unit is used for the control of realization equipment, managing power consumption and centralized management;
The security protection unit comprises the CO detection, cigarette sense, IR Passive, the door status sensor unit that insert in the described bus at least;
Environmental detection unit comprises temperature, humidity, illumination, the wind sensor unit to the environmental parameter detection that insert in the described bus at least; With
The energy conservation unit carries out the energy monitor management to various electricity consumption situations electric, lighting apparatus at least, and management parameters comprises voltage, electric current, meritorious, idle, power factor at least;
Wherein each functional module elements all adopts the Freescale MC9S08AW32 chip with both-way communication ability, and each functional module can be sent the information of oneself to the Web, also can receive the information that any functional module elements transmits on the network; Each functional module elements is seized bus by competition mechanism, sends the information of oneself; Have real time operating system in each functional module elements, be responsible for finishing the competition, transmission of communication bus and receive distribution and execution and the resource management of data, data check, real-time task;
Each functional module elements as required, with data and the driver that reads in the functional module elements separately, after the host computer configuration, is carried out according to given task under the management of real time operating system when powering on; There is input channel to be responsible for gathering various parameters or information in each functional module elements, and these information are sent on the bus, after other functional module elements in the bus receives these information, make corresponding processing according to given logic, finish intended function by the output channel in these functional module elements; Having communication program, clock interrupt service routine, Flash in the functional module elements wipes and writes checking routine, self-check program, configuration process program, power management routines, basic initialize routine, module detecting and module interface handling procedure and application TSR commonly used;
Wherein said bus system adopts the element address structural design, give each functional part corresponding physical address automatic the distribution according to the hierarchical organization of system and the function of application controller by software, control command is delivered to corresponding address by bus, described physical address adopts tree, and each functional module elements connects by bus each other;
Wherein the user controls each functional module elements in the described electric thing connection bus system and the equipment state of inquiring about each functional module elements by the server of gateway unit; The control mode of described bus is reciprocity control mode, be different from traditional principal and subordinate's control mode, bus adopts the common cable of three cores, three heart yearns represent direct current 24V power line, direct current ground wire and data wire respectively, all modules in the system all adopt 24V DC working power, and the speed of communication is 4800bps ~ 38400bps.
2. electric thing as claimed in claim 1 joins bus system, wherein each functional module elements is when powering up, with data and the driver that reads as required in the functional module elements separately, after the host computer configuration, under the management of real time operating system, carry out given task.
3. electric thing connection bus system as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that also disposing on this host computer the network diagnosis program, is used for system is carried out failure diagnosis, finds out the fault occurrence cause in the system.
4. electric thing as claimed in claim 1 joins bus system, it is characterized in that each functional module elements has two-way ability to communicate, both its information can be sent on the bus, also can receive the bus information that its functional module elements what transmits of taking up an official post, and make corresponding processing according to given logic, in this electric thing connection bus system, there is not master slave relation.
5. electric thing connection bus system as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that described network element can realize carrying out exchanges data with the external world by telephone, cable network or radio network interface, thereby reaches remote monitoring.
6. the collocation method of an electric thing connection bus system as claimed in claim 1 may further comprise the steps:
(1) adds new grid address;
(2) each functional module elements configuration information of system uploads;
(3) set up the zone;
(4) unit module configuration;
(5) display module passage;
(6) passage subregion;
(7) passage configuration comprises at least: set a property, define the control relation and carry out timing;
(8) importing, derivation or removing module;
(9) revise sequence number;
(10) download driver or configuration data;
(11) download configuration information comprises to each functional module elements with to remote controller download configuration information;
Can be according to predetermined configuration requirement operate as normal through the bus system after the initialization.
CN 201110101534 2011-04-22 2011-04-22 Electric link bus system CN102164065B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102591277A (en) * 2012-01-31 2012-07-18 得实半导体照明(江门)有限公司 Intelligent environment monitoring system
CN103185385B (en) * 2013-03-19 2016-03-09 深圳市奥宇节能技术股份有限公司 A kind of central air-conditioning dual-bus structure energy-saving control system and method
CN103475554A (en) * 2013-09-25 2013-12-25 无锡商业职业技术学院 Intelligent home system controlled by wifi
CN104570976A (en) * 2013-10-22 2015-04-29 富泰华工业(深圳)有限公司 Monitoring system and method
CN103984303A (en) * 2014-05-07 2014-08-13 江苏宁克传感器科技有限公司 Equipment room environment control system
CN104394442A (en) * 2014-12-11 2015-03-04 成都新光微波工程有限责任公司 Cross-platform compatible emergency intelligent broadcasting system controller
CN106506604A (en) * 2016-10-15 2017-03-15 成都育芽科技有限公司 A kind of Multifunctional smart community energy consumption management system based on Internet of Things cloud
CN107272426B (en) * 2017-06-16 2020-05-15 山东盛帆蓝海电气有限公司 Internet of things intelligent terminal node device for realizing remote monitoring and control method

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Address after: Beijing City, Chaoyang District Lijia International Exchange Center outside the Chaoyang auspicious A block 1506

Applicant after: Beijing Haotian Rongzhi Electrical Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: 100085 No. 1, building 4, building ten, No. 17, 1704 street, Beijing, Haidian District

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