CN102162292B - Heat pipe-exterior wall dry-hang facing integrated multifunctional thermal insulation system - Google Patents

Heat pipe-exterior wall dry-hang facing integrated multifunctional thermal insulation system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102162292B
CN102162292B CN201110030969XA CN201110030969A CN102162292B CN 102162292 B CN102162292 B CN 102162292B CN 201110030969X A CN201110030969X A CN 201110030969XA CN 201110030969 A CN201110030969 A CN 201110030969A CN 102162292 B CN102162292 B CN 102162292B
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China
Prior art keywords
heat
pipe
exterior
heat pipe
gate valve
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201110030969XA
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CN102162292A (en
Inventor
郭卫琳
乔晓刚
夏妙水
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ZHEJIANG XINSHENG CONSTRUCTION GROUP CO Ltd
Zhejiang College of Construction
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ZHEJIANG XINSHENG CONSTRUCTION GROUP CO Ltd
Zhejiang College of Construction
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Abstract

The invention discloses a heat pipe-exterior wall dry-hang facing integrated multifunctional thermal insulation system. The system comprises an insulation water tank, a filter, a water circulating pump, a descaling module, heat pipe exchangers and a check valve which are sequentially connected in series and form a circuit, wherein, the heat pipe exchangers comprise a plurality of heat exchange branches which are connected in parallel; and each heat exchange branch comprises an upper header, a plurality of heat pipes and heat absorbing fins, the inlet end of the upper header is connected with the descaling module and the outlet end of the upper header is connected with the check valve, condensation sections of the heat pipes are inserted into the upper header, the heat absorbing fins are sheathed outside the evaporation sections of the heat pipes, and the outer wall surface of the heat absorbing fins is equipped with a temperature sensor. The multifunctional thermal insulation system organically integrates the exterior wall dry-hang facing with the heat pipe exchangers so as to effectively reduce heat transfer capacity of an exterior wall and effectively utilize the absorbed air heat quantity, thus the system has a wide application prospect in reduction of energy consumption of an indoor air conditioner in summer, reduction of living use energy consumption of a building, improvement of indoor living environment and other aspects.

Description

A kind of heat pipe-exterior wall dried hanging decorative lamination integration multifunctional thermal-insulation system
Technical field
The invention belongs to building energy saving field, relate in particular to a kind of heat pipe-exterior wall dried hanging decorative lamination integration multifunctional thermal-insulation system.
Background technology
Resource, the energy and environmental problem are to restrict me to enclose three test of economy and social development; Building energy consumption; Comprise and build energy consumption, life energy consumption, heating air conditioning etc.; Be the important component part in the AND ENERGY RESOURCES CONSUMPTION IN CHINA, account for 30% of whole society's total energy consumption, wherein topmost heating and air conditioning energy consumption account for 20%.Therefore, building energy conservation has a high potential, and has important effect for energy conservation, reduction carbon containing and other emission of harmful substances and realization sustainable development.At present, country pays much attention to for energy-saving building materials and energy saving retrofit technology, has put into effect a collection of energy-saving act and policy in succession to advance the enforcement of building energy-saving renovation.Wherein building is effectively heat insulation can effectively reduce building air conditioning load and air conditioning energy consumption, is to make up energy saving building and the important component part of implementing reducing energy consumption.
Heat pipe is a kind of heat transfer element with high thermal conductivity, and its evaporation through working medium in the Totally enclosed vacuum shell is transmitted heat with condensing.At present, the main range of application in construction work is: by the heat exchange of heat pipe that heat pipe is formed, be used for reclaiming waste heat (cold) amount of ventilation, air-conditioning system; Form heat-pipe type radiator by heat pipe, become the heat dissipation equipment in the heating system; Form solar energy collector by heat pipe, become the thermal source of solar airconditioning or solar water heater; Draw geothermal energy resources by heat pipe, constitute thermal source of geothermal heating system or the like.But how the high thermal conductivity of application of heat pipe technology reduces the building exterior wall surface air themperature, reduces the exterior wall heat output, improves indoor air environment, in practical applications, is still blank.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of heat pipe-exterior wall dried hanging decorative lamination integration multifunctional thermal-insulation system; This device organically combines exterior wall dried hanging facing and heat-pipe heat exchanger; Not only can effectively reduce the air themperature between exterior wall dried hanging facing and the body of wall basic unit; Reduce the exterior wall heat output, improve indoor air environment, and can effectively utilize water circulation system and take away the air heat that heat-pipe heat exchanger is drawn; The heating domestic hot-water uses aspects such as energy consumption, the indoor living environment of improvement that very big application prospect is arranged in reduction room conditioning energy consumption in summer, the life of saving building.
A kind of heat pipe-exterior wall dried hanging decorative lamination integration multifunctional thermal-insulation system, the heat-pipe heat exchanger that comprises that the heat preservation storage water tank, strainer, circulating water pump, scale removal module and the outlet that are connected in series successively and form the loop are communicated with heat preservation storage water tank and be provided with the exterior wall dried hanging decorative lamination integration; Be provided with flap valve between described heat-pipe heat exchanger and the heat preservation storage water tank; Described heat preservation storage water tank is provided with cold water inlet and hot water outlet pipe, and the hot water outlet pipe is provided with electronic thermometer; Described heat-pipe heat exchanger comprises the interchange of heat branch road of some parallel connections, and described interchange of heat branch road comprises that entrance point and the scale removal module links to each other and the port of export links to each other with flap valve upper header, condensation segment are set on the some heat pipes in the upper header and are set on the outside heat absorption fin of heat pipe evaporator section; Described heat absorption fin outside wall surface is provided with temperature inductor.
For ease of control, a by-pass valve control can be set on cold water inlet, by-pass valve control is generally selected electric gate valve common on the market for use.How many sizes of heat preservation storage water tank generally need be confirmed according to actual user's water supply volume.The small amount of solid particle that exists in the recirculated water has been removed in the setting of strainer, helps prolonging the application life of equipment in the whole system, guarantees the normal operation of follow-up equipment; For ease of cleaning, described strainer is preferably y-type filter common on the market, when needs clean, as long as dismountable filter cylinder in the y-type filter is taken out, gets final product directly filter cylinder being reloaded after the impurity cleaning.The temperature detection signal of circulating water pump reception temperature pick up is controlled the water circulation in whole loop; Can on the pipeline at the two ends of circulating water pump, an electric gate valve be set respectively for ease of maintenance, prevent that pipeline leaks in the circulating water pump maintenance process.Be provided with flap valve between heat-pipe heat exchanger and the heat preservation storage water tank, prevent that the interior aqueous reflux of heat preservation storage water tank to heat-pipe heat exchanger, guaranteeing the normal operation of whole system.The quantity of interchange of heat branch road can be confirmed according to the height of actual floor number and each floor
For improving the heat exchange efficiency of heat-pipe heat exchanger, the working medium that fills in the described heat pipe is preferably absolute ethyl alcohol, methyl alcohol, distilled water, ethylene glycol or acetone.Be preferably gravity assisted heat pipe for ease of the described heat pipe of the layout of whole heat-pipe heat exchanger, for guaranteeing the normal operation of gravity assisted heat pipe, the setting height(from bottom) of the condensation segment of described heat pipe is higher than evaporator section.For ease of installing, the height of described heat pipe is preferably 20~30cm; The quantity that heat pipe is arranged can be confirmed according to actual needs; Heat pipe can be selected the pipeline of thermal conductivity preferred metal material for use, for example can select copper pipeline for use.
Being provided with when guaranteeing that whole insulation system is used the long period of scale removal module, a large amount of incrustation scales that form easily in the pipeline can in time be cleared up, and prevent the generation that the formation of incrustation scale causes the heat transfer efficiency of upper header to reduce; For guaranteeing that heat pipe of the present invention-exterior wall dried hanging decorative lamination integration multifunctional thermal-insulation system can normally move in the scale removal module maintenance process, preferred scale removal module comprises the 3rd electric gate valve, electronic scale remover and the 4th electric gate valve of series connection setting and the 5th electric gate valve of parallelly connected setting with the 3rd electric gate valve, electronic scale remover and the 4th electric gate valve; Under the normal operating condition, the 5th electric gate valve is in closed condition, when needs overhaul electronic scale remover, can open the 5th electric gate valve, closes third and fourth electric gate valve simultaneously, then electronic scale remover is taken out to overhaul to get final product.
For the quantity of circulating water that guarantees each floor is kept in balance, can on the pipeline between described upper header and the flap valve, equalizing valve be set; Perhaps, can on the pipeline between described upper header and the scale removal module, equalizing valve be set.
Because spring, autumn, three season of winter, the exterior wall temperature was lower, for avoiding bursting by freezing pipeline under the low-temperature condition, in the application life of reducing whole insulation system, can electronic sluicing gate valve be set in described scale removal module water side; For guaranteeing that further the recirculated water in the whole system can both drain, and can all be provided with an electronic sluicing gate valve on the pipeline between described scale removal module and the heat-pipe heat exchanger.
For ease of pipe arrangement and installation, the position that described heat-pipe heat exchanger is installed can be chosen in 2/3 place of every floor exterior wall height.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is embodied in:
(1) heat pipe of the present invention-exterior wall dried hanging decorative lamination integration multifunctional thermal-insulation system can be in the air themperature that reduces between cladding facing of external wall and the foundation wall; Can effectively reduce outdoor air conducts to indoor heat output; Reduce indoor refrigeration duty in summer, and then reduce the room conditioning energy consumption;
(2) heat pipe of the present invention-exterior wall dried hanging decorative lamination integration multifunctional thermal-insulation system can effectively take away heat between cladding facing of external wall and the foundation wall, and the preheating domestic hot-water, has reduced building domestic hot-water energy consumption;
(3) heat pipe of the present invention-exterior wall dried hanging decorative lamination integration multifunctional thermal-insulation system has heat-proof quality preferably, can effectively reduce the air-conditioning peak load, and then reduce the peak load in summer of entire city, helps the normal operation of urban distribution network;
(4) heat pipe of the present invention-exterior wall dried hanging decorative lamination integration multifunctional thermal-insulation system organically combines exterior wall dried hanging facing and gravity assisted heat pipe; Integrated setting; Simplify construction sequence, not only played good outer wall decorative effect, and had the good effect of heat insulation of traditional architecture heat-barrier material.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is that the module of heat pipe of the present invention-exterior wall dried hanging decorative lamination integration multifunctional thermal-insulation system connects sketch map;
Fig. 2 is heat pipe of the present invention-exterior wall dried hanging decorative lamination integration multifunctional thermal-insulation principle of compositionality figure of system;
Fig. 3 is that heat pipe of the present invention-exterior wall dried hanging decorative lamination integration multifunctional thermal-insulation system applies is in the principle of compositionality figure of double-decker.
The specific embodiment
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2; A kind of heat pipe-exterior wall dried hanging decorative lamination integration multifunctional thermal-insulation system, the heat-pipe heat exchanger that comprises that the cold water inlet 14, heat preservation storage water tank 2, y-type filter 3, circulating water pump 5, scale removal module and the outlet that are connected in series successively are communicated with heat preservation storage water tank 2 and be provided with the exterior wall dried hanging decorative lamination integration; Be provided with flap valve 13 between heat-pipe heat exchanger and the heat preservation storage water tank 2; Heat preservation storage water tank 2 is provided with hot water outlet pipe 17, and hot water outlet pipe 17 is provided with electronic thermometer 16; The optional absolute ethyl alcohol of working medium, methyl alcohol, distilled water, ethylene glycol or the acetone that fill in the heat pipe.
As shown in Figure 2, cold water inlet 14 entrance points link to each other with running water pipe, which is provided with the 6th electric gate valve 15, are used to control the entering of heat preservation storage water tank 2 inner cold waters.Heat preservation storage water tank 2 is used for the water of stored user, can be connected with other auxiliary electrical firing equipments, to satisfy the demand of user to higher temperature hot water; Heat preservation storage water tank 2 left bottom are provided with water inlet, are communicated with the water side of cold water inlet 14; There are two delivery ports on heat preservation storage water tank 2 right sides; Its middle and upper part delivery port is communicated with hot water outlet pipe's 17 water inlet ends; Hot water outlet pipe 17 is provided with electronic thermometer 16, is used to detect the water temperature in the heat preservation storage water tank 2, and the bottom delivery port links to each other with y-type filter 3 water inlet ends.Y-type filter 3 is used for the impurity that the filtration cycle water route exists; Guarantee the normal operation of equipment in the whole system; The water side of y-type filter 3 is communicated with first electric gate valve 4; First electric gate valve, 4 other ends link to each other with circulating water pump 5 water inlet ends, and the water side of circulating water pump 5 links to each other with second electric gate valve 7 through flexible pipe 6, and second electric gate valve, 7 other ends link to each other with scale removal module water inlet end.The 3rd electric gate valve 8, electronic scale remover 9 and the 4th electric gate valve 10 that the scale removal module comprises that series connection is provided with and with the 5th electric gate valve 11 of the 3rd electric gate valve 8, electronic scale remover 9 and the 10 parallelly connected settings of the 4th electric gate valve, scale removal module water side links to each other with the heat-pipe heat exchanger water inlet end; Under the normal operating condition; The 5th electric gate valve 11 is in closed condition, when needs overhaul electronic scale remover 9, need open the 5th electric gate valve 11; Close the 3rd electric gate valve 8 and the 4th electric gate valve 10 simultaneously, then electronic scale remover 9 is taken out to overhaul and get final product.Heat-pipe heat exchanger comprises the interchange of heat branch road of two parallel connections, and the interchange of heat branch road comprises that entrance point links to each other with the scale removal module and the port of export links to each other with flap valve 13 upper header 20, condensation segment are set on the some gravity assisted heat pipes 18 in the upper header 20 and are set on the outside heat absorption fin 19 of gravity assisted heat pipe 18 evaporator sections; Heat absorption fin 19 outside wall surface are provided with temperature inductor 21; The setting height(from bottom) of the condensation segment of gravity assisted heat pipe 18 is higher than evaporator section.Pipeline between scale removal module and the heat-pipe heat exchanger is provided with an electronic sluicing gate valve.The port of export of flap valve 13 and cold water inlet 14 are near the pipeline connection of heat preservation storage water tank 2.
Be illustrated in figure 3 as heat pipe of the present invention-exterior wall dried hanging decorative lamination integration multifunctional thermal-insulation system and be used for the principle of compositionality figure of a two-layer villa; Between one flooring 27 and two floorings 28 and the height of the exterior wall between two floorings 28 and two building roofs 29 be H; Wherein every layer is provided with two heat-pipe heat exchangers; Being respectively first heat-pipe heat exchanger 23 of Stall and the 3rd heat-pipe heat exchanger 22 and 1, four heat-pipe heat exchanger of the 4th heat-pipe heat exchanger of second heat-pipe heat exchanger 24 and second floor is connected in parallel respectively; In addition, be respectively equipped with one the first electronic sluicing gate valve 12 and the second electronic sluicing gate valve 30 on the pipeline between scale removal module and the heat-pipe heat exchanger; Heat-pipe heat exchanger and the pipeline between the flap valve 13 that second floor is installed are provided with first equalizing valve 26, and heat-pipe heat exchanger and the pipeline between the flap valve 13 that Stall is installed are provided with second equalizing valve 25.
Heat-pipe heat exchanger in the present embodiment is installed in the 2/3H height position of every floor exterior wall, utilizes the angle steel keel that cladding facing is installed to fix.Concrete running is:
When temperature pick up 21 detect outside air temperatures greater than heat preservation storage water tank 2 in water temperature; And the temperature difference is greater than 5 ℃ (the temperature extent also can be adjusted according to actual needs); Circulating water pump 5 is opened; The water that temperature is lower in the heat preservation storage water tank 2 is like this delivered to electronic scale remover 9 scale removal through y-type filter 3 filtration back circulating water pump 5 and is sent to respectively later in the upper header 20 in four heat-pipe heat exchangers that laterally arrange; The lower water of temperature is in the 4th heat-pipe heat exchanger 1, the 3rd heat-pipe heat exchanger 22, second heat-pipe heat exchanger 24 and 23 heat absorptions of first heat-pipe heat exchanger; Temperature rises, and the higher water of temperature gets into heat preservation storage water tank 2 through flap valve 13 again, accomplishes a circulation; Be that its internal operation process of example is with the 4th heat exchange of heat pipe 1 wherein: after system started operation, upper header 20 was filled with cold water, and there is a temperature difference in gravity assisted heat pipe 18 upper and lower sides, and gravity assisted heat pipe 18 also begins to start operation.Heat absorption fin 19 absorbs the heat of air and passes to liquid refrigerant in the gravity assisted heat pipe 18 through gravity assisted heat pipe 18 tube walls; The liquid refrigerants explosive evaporation of being heated rises to condensation segment in the gravity assisted heat pipe 18; Condensation heat is passed to upper header 20 inner cold waters through tube wall, and cold water temperature rises, and water is heated.
When spring, autumn, three season of winter, the exterior wall temperature was low; Close circulating water pump 5, open the first electronic sluicing gate valve 12 and the second electronic sluicing gate valve 30, close the 6th electric gate valve 15 on the heat preservation storage water tank 2 tap water cold water feed pipes 14 by robot control system(RCS); Water in the blowdown system; Prevent bursting by freezing under low-temperature condition, system is out of service.
Analysis on energy saving effect:
With the two-layer villa in this family is example, and summer, the tap water temperature was 18-23 ℃, here by 20 ℃ of conversions.Outside air temperature 30-40 ℃ of summer, consider that 5 ℃ system starts the temperature difference, heat preservation storage water tank water is heated to 35 ℃ from 20 ℃, heats up 15 ℃ the heat 4.2kJ/ ℃ .L * 15 ℃ * 500L=31500kJ (being assumed to be the 500L water tank) of water absorption.
If these heats are absorbed by common body of wall or through in the window inlet chamber, will give the so many heats of the extra increase 31500kJ of air-conditioning (do not consider factor affecting such as radiation certainly here, tentatively all consider by heat conduction).If two air conditioners (air-conditioning Energy Efficiency Ratio (COP)=3) will be got rid of these heats, air-conditioning need move 31500kJ * 1000/ (4500W * 3600)=1.94 hours.That is to say that two air conditioners want extra opening get rid of these heats in 1.94 hours, about extra power consumption 3 degree.Can also save the power consumption of 2 to 3 degree left and right sides geysers in addition, also be summer this two-layer villa can practice thrift every day 5 to 6 the degree.

Claims (9)

1. heat pipe-exterior wall dried hanging decorative lamination integration multifunctional thermal-insulation system, comprise be connected in series successively and form the loop heat preservation storage water tank, strainer, circulating water pump, scale removal module and the outlet heat-pipe heat exchanger that is communicated with heat preservation storage water tank and is provided with the exterior wall dried hanging decorative lamination integration; Be provided with flap valve between described heat-pipe heat exchanger and the heat preservation storage water tank; Described heat preservation storage water tank is provided with cold water inlet and hot water outlet pipe, and the hot water outlet pipe is provided with electronic thermometer; It is characterized in that: described heat-pipe heat exchanger comprises the interchange of heat branch road of some parallel connections, and described interchange of heat branch road comprises that entrance point and the scale removal module links to each other and the port of export links to each other with flap valve upper header, condensation segment are set on the some heat pipes in the upper header and are set on the outside heat absorption fin of heat pipe evaporator section; Described heat absorption fin outside wall surface is provided with temperature inductor; There are two delivery ports on the right side of described heat preservation storage water tank; Its middle and upper part delivery port is communicated with hot water outlet pipe's water inlet end; The bottom delivery port links to each other with the strainer water inlet end, and the water side of strainer is communicated with first electric gate valve, and the first electric gate valve other end links to each other with the circulating water pump water inlet end; The water side of circulating water pump links to each other with second electric gate valve through flexible pipe, and the second electric gate valve other end links to each other with scale removal module water inlet end.
2. heat pipe according to claim 1-exterior wall dried hanging decorative lamination integration multifunctional thermal-insulation system is characterized in that, the working medium that fills in the described heat pipe is absolute ethyl alcohol, methyl alcohol, distilled water, ethylene glycol or acetone.
3. heat pipe according to claim 1-exterior wall dried hanging decorative lamination integration multifunctional thermal-insulation system; It is characterized in that described scale removal module comprises the 3rd electric gate valve, electronic scale remover and the 4th electric gate valve of series connection setting and the 5th electric gate valve of parallelly connected setting with the 3rd electric gate valve, electronic scale remover and the 4th electric gate valve.
4. heat pipe according to claim 1-exterior wall dried hanging decorative lamination integration multifunctional thermal-insulation system is characterized in that the pipeline between described upper header and the flap valve is provided with equalizing valve.
5. heat pipe according to claim 1-exterior wall dried hanging decorative lamination integration multifunctional thermal-insulation system is characterized in that the pipeline between described scale removal module and the heat-pipe heat exchanger is provided with electronic sluicing gate valve.
6. heat pipe according to claim 1-exterior wall dried hanging decorative lamination integration multifunctional thermal-insulation system is characterized in that, the position that described heat-pipe heat exchanger is installed is 2/3 place of every floor exterior wall height.
7. heat pipe according to claim 1-exterior wall dried hanging decorative lamination integration multifunctional thermal-insulation system is characterized in that described heat pipe is a gravity assisted heat pipe; The setting height(from bottom) of the condensation segment of described gravity assisted heat pipe is higher than evaporator section.
8. heat pipe according to claim 1-exterior wall dried hanging decorative lamination integration multifunctional thermal-insulation system is characterized in that described strainer is a y-type filter.
9. according to the described heat pipe of the arbitrary claim of claim 1~8-exterior wall dried hanging decorative lamination integration multifunctional thermal-insulation system, it is characterized in that the height of described heat pipe is 20~30cm.
CN201110030969XA 2011-01-28 2011-01-28 Heat pipe-exterior wall dry-hang facing integrated multifunctional thermal insulation system Expired - Fee Related CN102162292B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103046655B (en) * 2012-12-20 2015-05-20 浙江建设职业技术学院 Building exterior wall pre-embedded type heat pipe energy-saving device

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2821090A1 (en) * 1978-05-13 1979-11-15 Stiebel Eltron Gmbh & Co Kg Absorber element for solar heat collector - with plastics tube and two shades of sheet metal stampings
US4450830A (en) * 1981-04-20 1984-05-29 Hedman Rolf E Solar heat device
CN2758362Y (en) * 2004-05-17 2006-02-15 肖文昭 New solar energy utilization building material and its high efficiency heat preservation device
CN1804259A (en) * 2006-01-13 2006-07-19 天津大学 Composite heat conduction member with solar heat collection function
CN201416239Y (en) * 2008-10-09 2010-03-03 李代繁 Heat insulation, accumulation and supplying light composite wall panel

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2821090A1 (en) * 1978-05-13 1979-11-15 Stiebel Eltron Gmbh & Co Kg Absorber element for solar heat collector - with plastics tube and two shades of sheet metal stampings
US4450830A (en) * 1981-04-20 1984-05-29 Hedman Rolf E Solar heat device
CN2758362Y (en) * 2004-05-17 2006-02-15 肖文昭 New solar energy utilization building material and its high efficiency heat preservation device
CN1804259A (en) * 2006-01-13 2006-07-19 天津大学 Composite heat conduction member with solar heat collection function
CN201416239Y (en) * 2008-10-09 2010-03-03 李代繁 Heat insulation, accumulation and supplying light composite wall panel

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