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Communication device and method thereof of non-contact mobile payment apparatus

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Publication number
CN102157040A
CN102157040A CN 201110020403 CN201110020403A CN102157040A CN 102157040 A CN102157040 A CN 102157040A CN 201110020403 CN201110020403 CN 201110020403 CN 201110020403 A CN201110020403 A CN 201110020403A CN 102157040 A CN102157040 A CN 102157040A
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communication
distance
device
module
control
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CN 201110020403
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Chinese (zh)
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佘海波
刘冬梅
刘凤鹏
刘斌
孙钦利
张文刚
黄宗伟
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中兴通讯股份有限公司
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06KRECOGNITION OF DATA; PRESENTATION OF DATA; RECORD CARRIERS; HANDLING RECORD CARRIERS
    • G06K7/00Methods or arrangements for sensing record carriers, e.g. for reading patterns
    • G06K7/10Methods or arrangements for sensing record carriers, e.g. for reading patterns by electromagnetic radiation, e.g. optical sensing; by corpuscular radiation
    • G06K7/10009Methods or arrangements for sensing record carriers, e.g. for reading patterns by electromagnetic radiation, e.g. optical sensing; by corpuscular radiation sensing by radiation using wavelengths larger than 0.1 mm, e.g. radio-waves or microwaves
    • G06K7/10198Methods or arrangements for sensing record carriers, e.g. for reading patterns by electromagnetic radiation, e.g. optical sensing; by corpuscular radiation sensing by radiation using wavelengths larger than 0.1 mm, e.g. radio-waves or microwaves setting parameters for the interrogator, e.g. programming parameters and operating modes
    • G06K7/10217Methods or arrangements for sensing record carriers, e.g. for reading patterns by electromagnetic radiation, e.g. optical sensing; by corpuscular radiation sensing by radiation using wavelengths larger than 0.1 mm, e.g. radio-waves or microwaves setting parameters for the interrogator, e.g. programming parameters and operating modes parameter settings controlling the transmission power of the interrogator

Abstract

The invention discloses a communication device and a method thereof of a non-contact mobile payment apparatus. The communication device comprises a device distance sensing module, a communication control module and a communication front end connected successively, wherein the device distance sensing module acquires the distance from other devices to itself, and outputs the acquired distance information to the communication module; the communication control module outputs a control instruction of whether to communicate with other devices to the communication front end according to the input distance information; and the communication front end executes the communication with other devices according to the input control instruction. The communication device is controlled to be in communication or not through dynamically sensing the distance between the mobile payment apparatuses, and communication parameters can be regulated according to the sensed distance in a distance range where the communication is available, so that the accuracy of the communication between the apparatuses is improved, difficulty and cost on design, debugging and maintenance are greatly reduced, and power consumption is reduced.

Description

一种非接触式移动支付设备的通信装置及方法 A non-contact communication device and method for a mobile payment device

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及移动支付设备,尤其涉及非接触式移动支付设备的通信装置及方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to a mobile payment device, and particularly to a communication apparatus and method for a mobile contactless payment device. 背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 移动支付是指交易双方为了某种货物或者业务,通过移动设备进行商业交易。 [0002] Mobile payment refers to the parties to the transaction for whatever goods or services, commercial transactions via mobile devices. 移动支付所使用的设备可以是移动终端,譬如手机等;也可以是专用的移动支付设备,譬如移动支付POS (Point of Sales)机。 The mobile payment device may be used by a mobile terminal, such as mobile phones and the like; may be a dedicated mobile payment device, such as mobile payment POS (Point of Sales) machine. 例如人们可手持手机对着在地铁入口处的POS机进行票费支付操作。 For example, people can be hand-held mobile phone in front of the subway entrance ticket fee payment POS machine operation. 又例如,两个人各自手持手机,通过两个手机的交互相互进行费用支付和收款操作。 As another example, two people each holding a mobile phone, a fee payment and collection operations to interact with each other through two mobile phones.

[0003] 在应用拓展飞速发展的今天,移动支付的应用也越加广泛。 [0003] In the application to expand the rapid development of today's mobile payment application has become increasingly widespread. 目前各类移动支付设备的通信装置也多种多样,由于应用场景不同等各种因素,各移动支付设备厂家的通信参数基本都不一样,没有一个统一的通信参数标准。 At present various types of mobile communications devices payment devices are also varied due to different application scenarios and other factors, each mobile device manufacturers to pay basic communication parameters are not the same, there is no single standard communication parameters.

[0004] 目前,移动支付设备的通信装置大都存在这样的问题:各个厂家出产的移动支付设备(例如移动支付POS机、具移动支付功能的手机等)的发射/接收参数不一致,即有的厂家的设备发射功率和接收灵敏度高,而有的厂家的设备相应的参数则较低。 [0004] Currently, mobile communication devices most payment device there is a problem: transmitting various manufacturers produce mobile payment device (e.g., mobile phone payment POS, with mobile payment function, etc.) is / reception parameters are inconsistent, i.e., some manufacturers the device transmit power and receive sensitivity, and the corresponding parameters, some equipment manufacturers are relatively low. 反映到设计上,为了适应和兼容其它各厂家不同的通信参数,移动支付设备厂家的设计难度和设计成本都非常高。 Reflected in the design, in order to meet each other and different manufacturers compatible communication parameters, the mobile payment device manufacturers design difficulty and design costs are very high. 反映到应用上,移动支付设备相互通信时,有的距离虽然较远也可以交互成功,有的要距离很近才可以进行交易;而距离较远就能交易成功的设备容易造成误通信,距离较近才能进行交易的设备容易造成通信失败。 Reflected in the application, when mobile payment devices communicate with each other, although some distance farther can interact successfully, and some can be traded very close; and far away will be able to successfully deal of equipment likely to cause a communication error from equipment can be nearer the transaction is likely to cause communication failure. 由此可以看出,移动支付设备进行交易的通信距离太近或太远都会有问题。 It can be seen from the mobile communications devices payment transactions too close or too far away, there will be a problem.

[0005] 因此,需要解决现有的移动支付设备的通信装置由于通信参数不统一造成各厂家移动支付设备进行交易的通信距离不同从而引起误通信或通信失败等问题。 [0005] Accordingly, it is necessary to solve the conventional mobile communication apparatus payment device since the communication parameter is not uniform caused manufacturers mobile payment transactions from the communication device to cause different communication error or communication failure problems.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0006] 本发明所要解决的技术问题是提供一种非接触式移动支付设备的通信装置及方法,能够提高移动支付设备之间通信的准确性。 [0006] The present invention solves the technical problem is to provide a contactless payment device mobile communication apparatus and method can improve the accuracy of communications between the mobile payment device.

[0007] 为了解决上述技术问题,本发明提供了一种非接触式移动支付设备的通信装置, 包括依次连接的设备距离感测模块、通信控制模块以及通信前端,其中: [0007] To solve the above problems, the present invention provides a communication device for contactless mobile payment device, comprising a distance sensing device module are sequentially connected, the front end communication control and a communications module, wherein:

[0008] 设备距离感测模块,用于采集其它设备靠近本设备的距离,并将采集到的距离信息输出给通信控制模块; Distance information output [0008] The distance sensing device module, for collecting from other equipment close to the equipment, and collected to the communication control module;

[0009] 通信控制模块,用于根据输入的距离信息向通信前端输出是否与其它设备通信的控制指令; [0009] The communication control module, whether the control command is output to the communication front end communicate with other devices in accordance with the distance information inputted;

[0010] 通信前端,用于根据输入的控制指令执行与其它设备的通信。 [0010] communications front end for performing communication with other devices according to the control instruction input.

[0011] 进一步地,设备距离感测模块采用红外光测距,包括依次连接的红外光发射器、红外光接收器以及第一距离采集模块,其中: [0011] Further, the distance sensing apparatus using infrared light ranging module including an infrared light emitter sequentially connected, a first infrared light receiver and a distance acquisition module, wherein:

[0012] 红外光发射器,嵌在通信装置的通信面壳体上,在第一距离采集模块的控制下向其它设备发射红外光; [0012] The infrared light emitter, embedded in the surface of the housing communicating a communication device, to other devices that emit infrared light at a first distance under the control of the acquisition module;

[0013] 红外光接收器,嵌在通信装置的通信面壳体上,在第一距离采集模块控制下接收其它设备发射的红外光; [0013] The infrared receiver embedded in the surface of the housing communicating the communication device, the other device receives the infrared light emitted at a first distance acquisition control module;

[0014] 第一距离采集模块,用于根据红外光发射器发射红外光和红外接收器接收红外光的时间差计算获知本设备与其它设备的距离,并将获知的距离信息输出给通信控制模块; [0014] from a first acquisition module, infrared light emitting time for an infrared receiver receiving an infrared light emitter infrared light difference computing device and other known devices of this distance and the known distance information is output to the communication control module;

[0015] 通信控制模块在输入的距离信息大于一预设的第一距离门限时,控制通信前端不启动与其它设备的通信;在输入的距离信息小于或等于第一距离门限时,控制通信前端启动与其它设备的通信。 [0015] In the communication control module is greater than the distance information inputted from a first predetermined threshold, the front end communication control does not initiate communication with other devices; equal to or less than a first threshold distance from the input information, the control communication front end initiating communication with other devices.

[0016] 进一步地,设备距离感测模块采用超声波测距,包括依次连接的超声波发生器、超声波接收器以及第二距离采集模块,其中: [0016] Further, the distance sensing device module of ultrasonic distance measurement, comprising a sonotrode sequentially connected, and a second ultrasonic receiver distance acquisition module, wherein:

[0017] 超声波发生器,嵌在通信装置的通信面壳体上,在第二距离采集模块的控制下向其它设备发出超声波; [0017] The ultrasonic generator fitted on the communication face of the housing of the communication device, sent to other devices under ultrasound control of the second distance acquisition module;

[0018] 超声波接收器,嵌在通信装置的通信面壳体上,在第二距离采集模块控制下接收其它设备发出的超声波; [0018] The ultrasonic receivers embedded in the surface of the housing communicating the communication device, the receiving device sends ultrasonic waves other at a second distance acquisition control module;

[0019] 第二距离采集模块,用于根据超声波发生器发出超声波和超声波接收器接收超声波的时间差计算获知本设备与其它设备的距离,并将获知的距离信息输出给通信控制模块; [0019] The second distance acquisition module for emitting ultrasonic waves and the ultrasonic receiver receives ultrasonic waves to know the present time difference calculating device and other devices from the ultrasonic generator, and output to the distance information acquired by the communication control module;

[0020] 通信控制模块在输入的距离信息大于一预设的第二距离门限时,控制通信前端不启动与其它设备的通信;在输入的距离信息小于或等于第二距离门限时,控制通信前端启动与其它设备的通信。 [0020] In the communication control module is greater than the distance information inputted from a predetermined second threshold, the front end communication control does not initiate communication with other devices; equal to or less than a second threshold distance from the input information, the control communication front end initiating communication with other devices.

[0021] 进一步地,设备距离感测模块采用激光测距,包括依次连接的激光发射器、光电接收器以及第三距离采集模块,其中: [0021] Further, the distance sensing apparatus using a laser ranging module, comprising a laser emitter connected in sequence from the photo receiver, and a third acquisition module, wherein:

[0022] 激光发射器,嵌在通信装置的通信面壳体上,在第三距离采集模块的控制下向其它设备发射激光; [0022] The laser emitter surface of the housing fitted in the communication communication device, emits laser light to other devices under control of the third distance acquisition module;

[0023] 光电接收器,嵌在通信装置的通信面壳体上,在第三距离采集模块控制下接收其它设备发射的激光; [0023] The photo receiver, embedded in the surface of the housing communicating the communication device, the other device receives the laser emitting at a third distance acquisition control module;

[0024] 第三距离采集模块,用于根据激光发射器发射激光和光电接收器接收激光的时间差计算获知本设备与其它设备的距离,并将获知的距离信息输出给通信控制模块; [0024] The third acquisition module distance, the time for emitting laser light and the photoreceptor receives the laser emitter of the laser a difference computing device and other known devices of this distance and the known distance information is output to the communication control module;

[0025] 通信控制模块在输入的距离信息大于一预设的第三距离门限时,控制通信前端不启动与其它设备的通信;在输入的距离信息小于或等于第三距离门限时,控制通信前端启动与其它设备的通信。 [0025] In the communication control module is greater than the input distance information from a predetermined third threshold, the front end communication control does not initiate communication with other devices; equal to or less than the third distance threshold, the distance information input, the front end communication control initiating communication with other devices.

[0026] 进一步地, [0026] Further,

[0027] 通信控制模块在向通信前端输出与其它设备通信的控制指令后,还输出调整本设备与其它设备进行通信的参数,包括调整发射功率或信号接收灵敏度随距离信息的增加或减少而相应地增加或减少。 [0027] The communication control module after the communication front end outputs other control command communication devices, further output adjusting this device with other devices parameters for communication, comprising adjusting the transmit power or the signal reception sensitivity with the corresponding distance to increase or decrease information increased or decreased.

[0028] 为了解决上述技术问题,本发明提供了一种非接触式移动支付设备的通信方法, 包括: [0028] To solve the above problems, the present invention provides a communication method for a mobile contactless payment device, comprising:

[0029] 采集其它设备靠近本设备的距离信息,根据采集的距离信息控制本设备是否与其它设备进行通信。 [0029] The information collected from the other device near the equipment, to communicate with other devices if distance information collection apparatus according to the present control. [0030] 进一步地,采集其它设备靠近本设备的距离信息,根据采集的距离信息控制本设备是否与其它设备进行通信,具体包括: [0030] Further, collecting information from the other device near the equipment, whether the equipment to communicate with other devices in accordance with the distance information acquisition control, comprises:

[0031] 控制嵌在移动支付设备通信面壳体上的红外光发射器向其它设备发射红外光,并控制嵌在通信面壳体上的红外光接收器接收其它设备发射的红外光; [0031] Control pay an infrared light emitter fitted on the surface of the housing in a mobile communications device to emit infrared light to other devices, and a communication control embedded in the surface of the housing of the infrared receiver receives the infrared light emitted by the other device;

[0032] 根据红外光发射器发射红外光和红外光接收器接收红外光的时间差计算获知本设备与其它设备的距离信息; [0032] The time difference between the emission of infrared light and infrared light receiver receives the infrared light in accordance with an infrared light emitter computing device known from this information with other devices;

[0033] 当获知的距离信息大于一预设的距离门限时,控制本设备不启动与其它设备的通信;当输入的距离信息小于或等于该距离门限时,控制本设备启动与其它设备的通信。 [0033] When the known distance information is greater than a predetermined threshold distance, the control device is not initiate communication with other devices; when the communication distance is less than or equal to the input information from the threshold, the control device of the present promoter with other devices .

[0034] 进一步地,采集其它设备靠近本设备的距离信息,根据采集的距离信息控制本设备是否与其它设备进行通信,具体包括: [0034] Further, collecting information from the other device near the equipment, whether the equipment to communicate with other devices in accordance with the distance information acquisition control, comprises:

[0035] 控制嵌在移动支付设备通信面壳体上的超声波发生器向其它设备发出超声波,并控制嵌在通信面壳体上的超声波接收器接收其它设备发出的超声波; [0035] The ultrasonic generator for controlling the engagement payment device on the communication face of the housing in the ultrasonic moves sent to other devices, and a communication control embedded in the surface of the housing of the ultrasonic receiver receives ultrasonic waves sent by others;

[0036] 根据超声波发生器发出超声波和超声波接收器接收超声波的时间差计算获知本设备与其它设备的距离信息; [0036] emitted ultrasonic wave and the ultrasonic receiver receives ultrasonic waves known from the time difference calculating device and other information equipment of the present ultrasonic generator;

[0037] 当获知的距离信息大于一预设的距离门限时,控制本设备不启动与其它设备的通信;当输入的距离信息小于或等于该距离门限时,控制本设备启动与其它设备的通信。 [0037] When the distance information acquired by a distance greater than a predetermined threshold, this control apparatus does not initiate communication with other devices; when the communication distance is less than or equal to the input information from the threshold, the control device of the present promoter with other devices .

[0038] 进一步地,采集其它设备靠近本设备的距离信息,根据采集的距离信息控制本设备是否与其它设备进行通信,具体包括: [0038] Further, collecting information from the other device near the equipment, whether the equipment to communicate with other devices in accordance with the distance information acquisition control, comprises:

[0039] 控制嵌在移动支付设备通信面壳体上的激光发射器向其它设备发出激光,并控制嵌在通信面壳体上的光电接收器接收其它设备发射的激光; [0039] Control laser emitters embedded payment device on the communication face of the housing to other mobile devices emits laser light, and a communication control embedded in the surface of the housing of the photo receiver receives the laser emitted from the other device;

[0040] 根据激光发射器发射激光和光电接收器接收激光的时间差计算获知本设备与其它设备的距离信息; [0040] This difference calculating distance information known device and other devices according to the time the laser emitter emitting laser light and a photoelectric receiver for receiving the laser beam;

[0041] 当获知的距离信息大于一预设的距离门限时,控制本设备不启动与其它设备的通信;当输入的距离信息小于或等于该距离门限时,控制本设备启动与其它设备的通信。 [0041] When the distance information acquired by a distance greater than a predetermined threshold, this control apparatus does not initiate communication with other devices; when the communication distance is less than or equal to the input information from the threshold, the control device of the present promoter with other devices .

[0042] 进一步地,在控制本设备启动与其它设备的通信后,还包括: [0042] Further, the present control device starts the communication with other devices, further comprising:

[0043] 调整本设备与其它设备进行通信的发射功率或信号接收灵敏度随距离信息的增加或减少而相应地增加或减少。 [0043] The present device and other devices to adjust the transmit power or communication signal reception sensitivity increases with distance information or decreased correspondingly increased or decreased.

[0044] 本发明与现有技术相比,通过动态感知移动支付设备之间的距离控制设备是否通信,在可通信的距离范围内根据感知的距离调整通信参数,从而提高移动支付设备之间通信的准确性,解决了现有的移动支付设备通信方案存在的问题,并且大大降低了设计、调试以及维护的难度和成本,还降低了移动支付设备的功耗。 [0044] Compared with the prior art of the present invention, by dynamically sensing the distance between the mobile payment device whether the communication control apparatus, within a distance range communication according to the communication distance between the mobile payment device to adjust communication parameters sensed, thereby improving accuracy, to solve the existing mobile communications devices payment scheme problems, and greatly reduces the design, commissioning and maintenance of the difficulty and cost, but also reduces the power consumption of mobile payment devices.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0045] 图1是本发明的非接触式移动支付设备的通信装置实施例的结构示意图; [0045] FIG. 1 is a block diagram of an embodiment of the non-contact communication apparatus according to the present invention, mobile payment device;

[0046] 图2是图1所示的装置实施例中采用红外光测距的设备距离感测模块实例的结构示意图; [0046] FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of the device using infrared light ranging distance sensing module instance embodiment apparatus shown in Figure 1;

[0047] 图3是图1所示的装置实施例中采用超声波测距的设备距离感测模块实例的结构示意图; [0047] FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of an ultrasonic ranging device module instance distance sensing apparatus shown in Figure 1 embodiment;

[0048] 图4是图1所示的装置实施例中采用激光测距的设备距离感测模块实例结构示意图。 [0048] FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the device from the sense module configuration example embodiment using a laser ranging apparatus embodiment shown in FIG.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0049] 下面结合附图和优选实施例对本发明的技术方案进行详细地描述。 [0049] The following technical solutions of embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and preferred. 以下例举的实施例仅用于说明和解释本发明,而不构成对本发明技术方案的限制。 The following exemplary embodiments are merely to illustrate and explain the present invention and are not intended to limit the technical solution of the present invention.

[0050] 本发明的非接触式移动支付设备的通信装置实施例,其结构如图1所示,包括依次连接的设备距离感测模块110、通信控制模块120以及通信前端130,其中: [0050] The mobile communication apparatus according to the present invention, the non-contact payment device of the embodiment, the structure shown in Figure 1, the device comprises a distance sensing modules 110 are sequentially connected, the communication control module 120 and the communication front end 130, wherein:

[0051 ] 设备距离感测模块110,用于采集其它设备靠近本设备的距离,并将采集到的距离信息输出给通信控制模块120 ; [0051] The distance sensing device module 110 from other devices for collecting near the equipment, and outputs the acquired distance information to the communication control module 120;

[0052] 通信控制模块120,用于根据输入的距离信息向通信前端130输出与其它设备通信的指令,和/或输出调整本设备与其它设备进行通信的参数; [0052] The communication control module 120, the parameters for communicating information inputted from the adjusting device and other devices with the present instruction other communication devices, and / or output according to the communication front end 130;

[0053] 通信前端130,用于根据输入的指令和/或参数执行与其它设备的通信。 [0053] The communication front end 130 for communicating input instructions and / or parameters performed in accordance with other devices.

[0054] 通信控制模块向通信前端输出是否与其它设备通信的指令,和/或输出调整与其它设备进行通信的参数,包括发射功率和信号接收灵敏度。 [0054] The communication control module whether to output the front end of the communication parameters in communication with other communications devices instructions, and / or other output adjustment apparatus comprising a transmit power and a signal reception sensitivity.

[0055] 图2是对图1所示的非接触式移动支付设备的通信装置实施例中设备距离感测模块110的第一个具体实例,即采用红外光测距的设备距离感测模块实例1100的结构,包括依次连接的红外光发射器1101、红外光接收器1102以及距离采集模块1103,其中: [0055] FIG 2 is a specific example of the first distance sensing device module 110 of the embodiment of the mobile communication device contactless payment device shown in Figure 1, i.e. using infrared light ranging distance sensing device module instance structure 1100, comprising an infrared light emitter 1101 are sequentially connected, the infrared light receiver 1102 and 1103 from the acquisition module, wherein:

[0056] 红外光发射器1101,嵌在移动支付设备通信装置的通信面壳体140上,在距离采集模块1103的控制下,向其它设备发射红外光; [0056] an infrared light emitter 1101, embedded in the upper surface of the housing communicating the mobile payment device communication device 140, the distance of the acquisition and control module 1103, to other devices that emit infrared light;

[0057] 红外光接收器1102,嵌在移动支付设备通信装置的通信面壳体140上,在距离采集模块1103控制下,接收其它设备发射的红外光; [0057] The IR light receiver 1102, embedded in the upper surface of the housing communicating the mobile payment device communication device 140, the distance acquisition control module 1103, receiving the infrared light emitted by the other device;

[0058] 距离采集模块1103,用于根据红外光发射器1101发射红外光和红外接收器1102 接收红外光的时间差计算获知本设备与其它设备的距离,并将获知的距离信息输出给通信控制模块120 ; [0058] 1103, for transmitting computing device and other devices known present time difference of infrared light from the infrared receiver 1102 receives the infrared light, an infrared light emitter 1101 from the acquisition module, and the known distance information is output to the communication control module 120;

[0059] 通信控制模块120预先设定一距离门限(比如为15cm),当输入的距离信息大于该距离门限时,控制通信前端130不启动与其它设备的通信;当输入的距离信息小于或等于该距离门限时,控制通信前端130启动与其它设备的通信,并调整通信前端进行通信的发射功率和信号接收灵敏度随距离信息的增加或减少而相应地增加或减少。 [0059] The communication control module 120 is set in advance by a distance threshold (such as 15cm), when the distance information input is greater than the distance threshold, controls the communication front end 130 does not initiate communication with other devices; distance when the input information is less than or equal to the distance threshold, the front end communication control 130 initiates communication with other devices, and to adjust transmit power and the communication front-end communications signal reception sensitivity with distance information increases or decreased correspondingly increased or decreased.

[0060] 通信控制模块120根据输入的距离信息和预设的距离门限来控制通信前端的通信及其参数,一方面保证不会造成与其它设备的误通信;另一方面保证了设备之间通信的稳定,且降低了设备通信的功耗。 [0060] The communication control module 120 to control communications and the front end communication parameters according to the distance information input and preset threshold distance, on the one hand ensured that the error does not cause the other communication apparatus; on the other hand to ensure the communication between devices stability, and reduces the power consumption of the communication device.

[0061] 图3是对图1所示的非接触式移动支付设备的通信装置实施例中设备距离感测模块110的第二个具体实例,即采用超声波测距的设备距离感测模块实例1110的结构,包括依次连接的超声波发生器1104、超声波接收器1105以及距离采集模块1106,其中: [0061] FIG. 3 is a specific example of the second communication apparatus to the non-contact payment device shown in FIG mobile embodiment of the sensing device from the module 110, i.e., ranging ultrasonic distance sensing device module instance 1110 structure, including sequentially connected ultrasound generator 1104 ultrasonic receiver 1105 and 1106 from the acquisition module, wherein:

[0062] 超声波发生器1104,嵌在移动支付设备通信装置的通信面壳体140上,在距离采集模块1106的控制下,向其它设备发出超声波; [0062] The ultrasonic generator 1104, embedded in the upper surface of the housing communicating the mobile payment device communication device 140, under control of the distance acquisition module 1106, sent to other ultrasound equipment;

[0063] 超声波接收器1105,嵌在移动支付设备通信装置的通信面壳体140上,在距离采集模块1106控制下,接收其它设备发出的超声波; [0063] The ultrasonic receiver 1105, embedded in the upper surface of the housing communicating the mobile payment device communication device 140, the distance acquisition control module 1106, receiving an ultrasonic wave emitted by the other apparatus;

[0064] 距离采集模块1106,用于根据超声波发生器1104发出超声波和超声波接收器1105接收超声波的时间差计算获知本设备与其它设备的距离,并将获知的距离信息输出给通信控制模块120 ; [0064] The distance acquisition module 1106 for emitting ultrasonic waves and the ultrasonic receiver receives ultrasonic waves of 1105 to know the present time difference calculating device and other devices from the ultrasonic generator 1104, and outputs distance information acquired by the communication control module 120;

[0065] 通信控制模块120预先设定一距离门限(比如为IOcm),当输入的距离信息大于该距离门限时,控制通信前端130不启动与其它设备的通信;当输入的距离信息小于或等于该距离门限时,控制通信前端130启动与其它设备的通信,并调整通信前端进行通信的发射功率和信号接收灵敏度随距离信息的增加或减少而相应地增加或减少。 [0065] The communication control module 120 is set in advance by a distance threshold (such as IOCM), when the distance information input is greater than the distance threshold, controls the communication front end 130 does not initiate communication with other devices; when the distance information input is less than or equal to the distance threshold, the front end communication control 130 initiates communication with other devices, and to adjust transmit power and the communication front-end communications signal reception sensitivity with distance information increases or decreased correspondingly increased or decreased.

[0066] 通信控制模块120根据输入的距离信息和预设的距离门限来控制通信前端的通信及其参数,一方面保证不会造成与其它设备的误通信;另一方面保证了设备之间通信的稳定,且降低了设备通信的功耗。 [0066] The communication control module 120 to control communications and the front end communication parameters according to the distance information input and preset threshold distance, on the one hand ensured that the error does not cause the other communication apparatus; on the other hand to ensure the communication between devices stability, and reduces the power consumption of the communication device.

[0067] 图4是对图1所示的非接触式移动支付设备的通信装置实施例中设备距离感测模块110的第三个具体实例,即采用激光测距的设备距离感测模块实例1111的结构,包括依次连接的激光发射器1107、光电接收器1108以及距离采集模块1109,其中: [0067] FIG 4 is a third specific example of the distance sensing device module 110 of the embodiment of the mobile communication device contactless payment device shown in Figure 1, i.e. using a laser ranging device distance sensing module instance 1111 structure, comprising a laser emitter 1107 are sequentially connected, the photo receiver 1108 and 1109 from the acquisition module, wherein:

[0068] 激光发射器1107,嵌在移动支付设备通信装置的通信面壳体140上,在距离采集模块1109的控制下,向其它设备发射激光; [0068] The laser emitter 1107, embedded in the upper surface of the housing communicating the mobile payment device communication device 140, the distance of the acquisition and control module 1109, transmit to other laser devices;

[0069] 光电接收器1108,嵌在移动支付设备通信装置的通信面壳体140上,在距离采集模块1109控制下,接收其它设备发射的激光; [0069] The photo receiver 1108, embedded in the upper surface of the housing communicating the mobile payment device communication device 140, the control module 1109 from the collection, the laser receiving apparatus transmitted the other;

[0070] 距离采集模块1109,用于根据激光发射器1107发射激光和光电接收器1108接收激光的时间差计算获知本设备与其它设备的距离,并将获知的距离信息输出给通信控制模块120 ; [0070] The distance acquisition module 1109, a difference calculation of the present device and other known devices emitting laser according to the time and distance photo receiver 1108 receives the laser laser emitter 1107, and outputs distance information acquired by the communication control module 120;

[0071] 通信控制模块120预先设定一距离门限(比如为30cm),当输入的距离信息大于该距离门限时,控制通信前端130不启动与其它设备的通信;当输入的距离信息小于或等于该距离门限时,控制通信前端130启动与其它设备的通信,并调整通信前端进行通信的发射功率和信号接收灵敏度随距离信息的增加或减少而相应地增加或减少。 [0071] The communication control module 120 is set in advance by a distance threshold (such as 30cm), when the distance information input is greater than the distance threshold, controls the communication front end 130 does not initiate communication with other devices; distance when the input information is less than or equal to the distance threshold, the front end communication control 130 initiates communication with other devices, and to adjust transmit power and the communication front-end communications signal reception sensitivity with distance information increases or decreased correspondingly increased or decreased.

[0072] 通信控制模块120根据输入的距离信息和预设的距离门限来控制通信前端的通信及其参数,一方面保证不会造成与其它设备的误通信;另一方面保证了设备之间通信的稳定,且降低了设备通信的功耗。 [0072] The communication control module 120 to control communications and the front end communication parameters according to the distance information input and preset threshold distance, on the one hand ensured that the error does not cause the other communication apparatus; on the other hand to ensure the communication between devices stability, and reduces the power consumption of the communication device.

[0073] 本发明针对上述装置实施例,相应地还提供了非接触式移动支付设备的通信方法实施例,其流程包括如下步骤: [0073] For the above-described embodiment of the present invention apparatus, accordingly also provides a mobile communication method for contactless payment device embodiments, the process comprising the steps of:

[0074] 采集其它设备靠近本设备的距离信息,根据采集的距离信息控制本设备是否与其它设备进行通信。 [0074] The information collected from the other device near the equipment, to communicate with other devices if distance information collection apparatus according to the present control.

[0075] 采集本设备与其它设备的距离信息,根据采集的距离信息控制是否与其它设备进行通信,具体包括: [0075] This information is collected from the device and other devices, whether communicating with other devices in accordance with the distance information acquisition control, comprises:

[0076] 控制嵌在移动支付设备通信面壳体上的红外光发射器向其它设备发射红外光,并控制嵌在通信面壳体上的红外光接收器接收其它设备发射的红外光; [0076] Control pay an infrared light emitter fitted on the surface of the housing in a mobile communications device to emit infrared light to other devices, and a communication control embedded in the surface of the housing of the infrared receiver receives the infrared light emitted by the other device;

[0077] 根据红外光发射器发射红外光和红外光接收器接收红外光的时间差计算获知本设备与其它设备的距离信息; [0077] The transmission time difference between infrared light and infrared light receiver receives the infrared light of the infrared light emitter is calculated from known information present in the device and other devices;

[0078] 当获知的距离信息大于一预设距离门限时,控制本设备不启动与其它设备的通信;当输入的距离信息小于或等于该距离门限时,控制本设备启动与其它设备的通信。 [0078] When informed of the distance information is greater than a predetermined distance threshold, controlling the present apparatus does not start the communication with other devices; when the distance is less than or equal to the information input to the threshold distance, the control device starts the communication with this other apparatus.

[0079] 或者,采集本设备与其它设备的距离信息,根据采集的距离信息控制是否与其它 [0079] Alternatively, the information collected from the equipment and other devices, whether or not with other control information acquired from the distance

8设备进行通信,具体包括: 8 communicating apparatus comprises:

[0080] 控制嵌在移动支付设备通信面壳体上的超声波发生器向其它设备发出超声波,并控制嵌在通信面壳体上的超声波接收器接收其它设备发出的超声波; [0080] The ultrasonic generator for controlling the engagement payment device on the communication face of the housing in the ultrasonic moves sent to other devices, and a communication control embedded in the surface of the housing of the ultrasonic receiver receives ultrasonic waves sent by others;

[0081] 根据超声波发生器发出超声波和超声波接收器接收超声波的时间差计算获知本设备与其它设备的距离信息; [0081] emitted ultrasonic wave and the ultrasonic receiver receives ultrasonic waves to know the time difference calculating distance information of the present device and other devices according to the ultrasonic generator;

[0082] 当获知的距离信息大于一预设距离门限时,控制本设备不启动与其它设备的通信;当输入的距离信息小于或等于该距离门限时,控制本设备启动与其它设备的通信。 [0082] When informed of the distance information is greater than a predetermined distance threshold, controlling the present apparatus does not start the communication with other devices; when the distance is less than or equal to the information input to the threshold distance, the control device starts the communication with this other apparatus.

[0083] 或者,采集本设备与其它设备的距离信息,根据采集的距离信息控制是否与其它设备进行通信,具体包括: [0083] Alternatively, the information collected from the present device and other devices, whether communicating with other devices in accordance with the distance information acquisition control, comprises:

[0084] 控制嵌在移动支付设备通信面壳体上的激光发射器向其它设备发出激光,并控制嵌在通信面壳体上的光电接收器接收其它设备发射的激光; [0084] Control laser emitters embedded payment device on the communication face of the housing to other mobile devices emits laser light, and a communication control embedded in the surface of the housing of the photo receiver receives the laser emitted from the other device;

[0085] 根据激光发射器发射激光和光电接收器接收激光的时间差计算获知本设备与其它设备的距离信息; [0085] This difference calculating distance information known device and other devices according to the time the laser emitter emitting laser light and a photoelectric receiver for receiving the laser beam;

[0086] 当获知的距离信息大于一预设距离门限时,控制本设备不启动与其它设备的通信;当输入的距离信息小于或等于该距离门限时,控制本设备启动与其它设备的通信。 [0086] When informed of the distance information is greater than a predetermined distance threshold, controlling the present apparatus does not start the communication with other devices; when the distance is less than or equal to the information input to the threshold distance, the control device starts the communication with this other apparatus.

[0087] 上述方法实施例在控制本设备启动与其它设备的通信后,还包括: Example [0087] After the above-described method of the present control device starts the communication with other devices, further comprising:

[0088] 调整本设备进行通信的发射功率和信号接收灵敏度随距离信息的增加或减少而相应地增加或减少。 [0088] The modifications to this device transmit power and receive sensitivity of communication signals with correspondingly increase or decrease the distance information increases or decreases.

Claims (10)

1. 一种非接触式移动支付设备的通信装置,包括依次连接的设备距离感测模块、通信控制模块以及通信前端,其中:设备距离感测模块,用于采集其它设备靠近本设备的距离,并将采集到的距离信息输出给通信控制模块;通信控制模块,用于根据输入的距离信息向通信前端输出是否与其它设备通信的控制指令;通信前端,用于根据输入的控制指令执行与其它设备的通信。 1. A non-contact communication device mobile payment device, comprising a distance sensing device module are sequentially connected, the front end communication control and a communications module, wherein: the device from sensing module, for collecting from other equipment close to the equipment, and outputs the acquired distance information to the communication control module; a communication control module, whether the control command communicate with other devices according to a communication front end outputs distance information input; communications front end for performing the control command input to the other communications equipment.
2.按照权利要求1所述的装置,其特征在于,所述设备距离感测模块采用红外光测距, 包括依次连接的红外光发射器、红外光接收器以及第一距离采集模块,其中:红外光发射器,嵌在所述通信装置的通信面壳体上,在第一距离采集模块的控制下向其它设备发射红外光;红外光接收器,嵌在所述通信装置的通信面壳体上,在第一距离采集模块控制下接收其它设备发射的红外光;第一距离采集模块,用于根据红外光发射器发射红外光和红外接收器接收红外光的时间差计算获知本设备与其它设备的距离,并将获知的距离信息输出给所述通信控制模块;所述通信控制模块在输入的距离信息大于一预设的第一距离门限时,控制所述通信前端不启动与其它设备的通信;在输入的距离信息小于或等于第一距离门限时,控制所述通信前端启动与其它设备的通信。 2. Apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that said distance sensing device using infrared light ranging module including an infrared light emitter sequentially connected, a first infrared light receiver and a distance acquisition module, wherein: an infrared light emitter, embedded in the surface of the housing of the communication on the communication device, to other devices that emit infrared light at a first distance under the control of the acquisition module; infrared receiver embedded in the surface of the communication of the communication device housing on the other device receiving the infrared light emitted at a first distance acquisition control module; a first distance acquisition module for calculating the present device and other known devices emitting infrared light, a time difference according to the infrared receiver receives the infrared light emitting infrared light distance, and the distance information acquired by the communication control module to the output; the communication control module a distance greater than a predetermined first threshold distance information input, controls the communication front end does not initiate communication with other devices ; less than or equal to the distance information inputted from a first threshold, the front end of the communication control apparatus communicating with another promoter.
3.按照权利要求1所述的装置,其特征在于,所述设备距离感测模块采用超声波测距, 包括依次连接的超声波发生器、超声波接收器以及第二距离采集模块,其中:超声波发生器,嵌在所述通信装置的通信面壳体上,在第二距离采集模块的控制下向其它设备发出超声波;超声波接收器,嵌在所述通信装置的通信面壳体上,在第二距离采集模块控制下接收其它设备发出的超声波;第二距离采集模块,用于根据超声波发生器发出超声波和超声波接收器接收超声波的时间差计算获知本设备与其它设备的距离,并将获知的距离信息输出给所述通信控制模块;所述通信控制模块在输入的距离信息大于一预设的第二距离门限时,控制通信前端不启动与其它设备的通信;在输入的距离信息小于或等于第二距离门限时,控制所述通信前端启动与其它设备的通信。 3. The apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that said distance sensing apparatus of ultrasonic distance measurement module, including sequentially connected ultrasonic generator, an ultrasonic receiver, and a second distance acquisition module, wherein: the ultrasonic generator , embedded in the upper surface of the housing of the communication device communication, issued under the control of a second acquisition module from the ultrasonic wave to other devices; ultrasonic receiver, is embedded in the surface of the housing of the communication on the communication device, the second distance receiving the acquisition module controls the ultrasound emitted by the other devices; second distance acquisition module for emitting ultrasonic waves and the time difference between the ultrasonic receiver receives ultrasonic waves computing device and other known devices present from ultrasonic generator, and outputs distance information learned to the communication control module; the communication control module a distance greater than a predetermined second threshold distance information input, the front end communication control does not initiate communication with other devices; less than or equal to a second distance from the information input threshold, the front end of the communication startup controls communication with other devices.
4.按照权利要求1所述的装置,其特征在于,所述设备距离感测模块采用激光测距,包括依次连接的激光发射器、光电接收器以及第三距离采集模块,其中:激光发射器,嵌在所述通信装置的通信面壳体上,在第三距离采集模块的控制下向其它设备发射激光;光电接收器,嵌在所述通信装置的通信面壳体上,在第三距离采集模块控制下接收其它设备发射的激光;第三距离采集模块,用于根据激光发射器发射激光和光电接收器接收激光的时间差计算获知本设备与其它设备的距离,并将获知的距离信息输出给所述通信控制模块;所述通信控制模块在输入的距离信息大于一预设的第三距离门限时,控制所述通信前端不启动与其它设备的通信;在输入的距离信息小于或等于第三距离门限时,控制所述通信前端启动与其它设备的通信。 4. The apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that said distance sensing device using a laser distance measurement module, comprising a laser emitter connected in sequence from the photo receiver, and a third acquisition module, wherein: the laser emitter , embedded in the upper surface of the housing communication of the communication device, emits laser light to other devices under control of the third distance acquisition module; photoreceptor, embedded in the surface of the housing of the communication on the communication device, the third distance acquisition module under control of the laser device receives other transmitted; third distance acquisition module for calculating the present device and other devices known from the time difference of the laser emission of the laser and the photo receiver receives the laser transmitter, and outputs distance information learned to the communication control module; the communication control module a distance greater than a preset third threshold distance information input, the front end does not start to control the communication with other communication devices; less than or equal to the input information of the distance three threshold distance, the front end of the communication startup controls communication with other devices.
5.按照权利要求1至4任一项所述的装置,其特征在于,所述通信控制模块在向所述通信前端输出与其它设备通信的控制指令后,还输出调整本设备与其它设备进行通信的参数,包括调整发射功率或信号接收灵敏度随所述距离信息的增加或减少而相应地增加或减少。 5. The device according to any one of claim 4 according to claim, wherein the communication control module in the communication with the other front end outputs a control command communication devices, further output adjusting device and other devices according to the present communication parameters including adjusting a transmit power or the signal reception sensitivity increases or reduces the distance information of the correspondingly increased or decreased.
6. 一种非接触式移动支付设备的通信方法,包括:采集其它设备靠近本设备的距离信息,根据采集的距离信息控制本设备是否与其它设备进行通信。 A noncontact communication method in the mobile payment device, comprising: collecting information from the other device near the present apparatus, whether or not the present control device to communicate with other devices based on the distance information acquired.
7.按照权利要求6所述的方法,其特征在于,采集其它设备靠近本设备的距离信息,根据采集的距离信息控制本设备是否与其它设备进行通信,具体包括:控制嵌在所述移动支付设备通信面壳体上的红外光发射器向其它设备发射红外光,并控制嵌在所述通信面壳体上的红外光接收器接收其它设备发射的红外光;根据所述红外光发射器发射红外光和所述红外光接收器接收红外光的时间差计算获知本设备与其它设备的距离信息;当获知的距离信息大于一预设的距离门限时,控制本设备不启动与其它设备的通信; 当输入的距离信息小于或等于该距离门限时,控制本设备启动与其它设备的通信。 7. The method according to claim 6, characterized in that the information collected from the other device near the equipment, whether the equipment to communicate with other devices in accordance with the distance information acquisition control, comprises: a control embedded in the mobile payment an infrared light emitter surface of the housing on the communication device to other devices emitting infrared light, and for controlling the engagement housing on the communication face of the infrared light receiver receives the infrared light emitted by the other device; transmitting infrared light emitter according to the infrared light and the infrared light of the infrared light received by the receiver know the time difference calculating distance information of the present device and other devices; if a range gate is greater than a known distance information preset limit, the present control device does not start the communication with other devices; when the distance is less than or equal to the information input to the threshold distance, the control device starts the communication with this other apparatus.
8.按照权利要求6所述的方法,其特征在于,采集其它设备靠近本设备的距离信息,根据采集的距离信息控制本设备是否与其它设备进行通信,具体包括:控制嵌在所述移动支付设备通信面壳体上的超声波发生器向其它设备发出超声波,并控制嵌在所述通信面壳体上的超声波接收器接收其它设备发出的超声波;根据所述超声波发生器发出超声波和所述超声波接收器接收超声波的时间差计算获知本设备与其它设备的距离信息;当获知的距离信息大于一预设的距离门限时,控制本设备不启动与其它设备的通信; 当输入的距离信息小于或等于该距离门限时,控制本设备启动与其它设备的通信。 8. The method according to claim 6, characterized in that the information collected from the other device near the equipment, whether the equipment to communicate with other devices in accordance with the distance information acquisition control, comprises: a control embedded in the mobile payment sonotrode surface of the housing on the communication device to other devices emit ultrasound, and controlling the engagement surface on the communication of the ultrasonic receiver housing receives ultrasonic waves sent by others; the emitted ultrasonic wave and the sonotrode of the ultrasonic the receiver receives ultrasonic waves time difference calculating known distance information of the present device and other devices; when the known distance information is greater than a predetermined distance threshold, controlling the present apparatus does not start the communication with other devices; when the distance information input is less than or equal to the threshold distance, the control device starts the communication with this other apparatus.
9.按照权利要求6所述的方法,其特征在于,采集其它设备靠近本设备的距离信息,根据采集的距离信息控制本设备是否与其它设备进行通信,具体包括:控制嵌在所述移动支付设备通信面壳体上的激光发射器向其它设备发出激光,并控制嵌在所述通信面壳体上的光电接收器接收其它设备发射的激光;根据所述激光发射器发射激光和所述光电接收器接收激光的时间差计算获知本设备与其它设备的距离信息;当获知的距离信息大于一预设的距离门限时,控制本设备不启动与其它设备的通信; 当输入的距离信息小于或等于该距离门限时,控制本设备启动与其它设备的通信。 9. The method according to claim 6, characterized in that the information collected from the other device near the equipment, whether the equipment to communicate with other devices in accordance with the distance information acquisition control, comprises: a control embedded in the mobile payment laser emitter surface of the housing on the communication device emits laser light to other devices, and the communication control embedded on the photoreceptor surface of the housing receives the laser emitted from the other device; emitting laser according to the laser emitter and the photoelectric the receiver receives the laser time difference calculating known distance information of the present device and other devices; when the known distance information is greater than a predetermined distance threshold, controlling the present apparatus does not start the communication with other devices; distance when the input information is less than or equal to the threshold distance, the control device starts the communication with this other apparatus.
10.按照权利要求6至9任一项所述的方法,其特征在于,在控制本设备启动与其它设备的通信后,还包括:调整本设备与其它设备进行通信的发射功率或信号接收灵敏度随距离信息的增加或减少而相应地增加或减少。 10. The method according to any one of claim 6 to 9, wherein, after the communication control apparatus of the present promoter with other devices, further comprising: adjusting the equipment with other devices or transmit power of the communication signal reception sensitivity increasing distance information or decrease correspondingly increased or decreased.
CN 201110020403 2011-01-18 2011-01-18 Communication device and method thereof of non-contact mobile payment apparatus CN102157040A (en)

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