CN102155741A - Garbage incinerator without dioxin emission - Google Patents

Garbage incinerator without dioxin emission Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102155741A
CN102155741A CN 201110121659 CN201110121659A CN102155741A CN 102155741 A CN102155741 A CN 102155741A CN 201110121659 CN201110121659 CN 201110121659 CN 201110121659 A CN201110121659 A CN 201110121659A CN 102155741 A CN102155741 A CN 102155741A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
water jacket
heater
communicated
tubular axis
ash bucket
Prior art date
Application number
CN 201110121659
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102155741B (en
Inventor
李献本
宋建恩
杨海军
Original Assignee
李献本
宋建恩
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 李献本, 宋建恩 filed Critical 李献本
Priority to CN2011101216599A priority Critical patent/CN102155741B/en
Publication of CN102155741A publication Critical patent/CN102155741A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102155741B publication Critical patent/CN102155741B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a garbage incinerator without dioxin emission. An ash bucket is arranged between supporting seats of a horizontal furnace body; a high-pressure steam drum communicated with a hot water jacket of the furnace body is arranged on the top of the furnace body; two arc-shaped firewalls are arranged along two longitudinal directions in a combustion chamber; a tempering channel is formed between the outer sides of the two firewalls and the hot water jacket; a tubular axle is rotationally arranged between the bottoms of the two firewalls; one end of the tubular axle extends out of the furnace body; a chain wheel is arranged at one end of the tubular axle, and is connected with a reducing motor; a feed opening close to one side of the chain wheel is communicated with the combustion chamber from the upper side of the tubular axle; the other end of the tubular axle is provided with a slag outlet hopper; air holes communicating inside and outside and poking teeth are uniformly distributed on the circumferential wall of the tubular axle; a row of heat radiating pipes alternatively arranged positively and negatively along the tempering direction are uniformly distributed in the water jacket; the fire inlet of each heat radiating pipe is arranged on the inner wall of the lower side of the water jacket; the other end of each heat radiating pipe is communicated with the ash bucket; a three-way pipe is connected between the ash bucket and the air introducing port of a blower; and regulating plates are arranged in a blowing port and a connecting pipe of the tubular axle. By adopting the garbage incinerator, garbage incineration is more complete, harmful gases such as dioxin are not emitted to the outside, and the aims of protecting the environment and saving energy are fulfilled.

Description

The incinerator of no bioxin discharging
Technical field:
The present invention relates to the equipment that destroys by fire of refuse, particularly a kind of not only outside discharge of noxious gases of circulating combustion that in waste incineration, utilizes, and the incinerator of the no bioxin discharging that heat energy and residue can also be made full use of.
Background technology:
At present, the incinerator in city all is above the combustion chamber of body of heater or a side is provided with a charge door, and door or lid are installed on the charge door, is communicated with air blast and auxiliary combustion equipment under fire grate in the direction combustion chamber, and the body of heater top is provided with chimney.This traditional incinerator mainly is that rubbish is burned, and not only heat energy can not be fully used, and the toxic and harmful that the Harmful Waste burning is produced also can contaminated air.I am " a kind of refuse incinerator " of design formerly, number of patent application is 201110044007X, though it has solved serious air pollution problems inherent, but owing to be a kind of vertical boiler, and charge door is located at the top, combustion chamber, causes skewness when not only reinforced, is unfavorable for thoroughly fully burning, and reinforced labour intensity is big, and a large amount of steam can not obtain utilizing.
Summary of the invention:
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of rational in infrastructure, sufficient combustion, the incinerator of the no bioxin discharging that the heat energy utilization rate is high.
Technical scheme of the present invention is finished as follows, the incinerator of no bioxin discharging of the design, be that the annular heat water jacket is installed in the circumferential wall of a horizontal body of heater, on the furnace wall, both sides, bottom of body of heater, bearing is installed, the body of heater bottom is equipped with an ash bucket between the bearing of both sides, in hot water jacket, be communicated with filler and sewage draining exit at bottom of furnace body, at the body of heater top through a high steam bag that is communicated with hot water jacket is installed communicating pipe, in the combustion chamber of body of heater, be provided with twice arc wall with flues along two vertical both sides and hot water jacket concentric, be provided with the tempering road between the twice wall with flues outside and the hot water jacket, be provided with the tempering mouth at two wall with flues crown centers, on the body of heater end walls, be rotatablely equipped with a tubular axis on the hot water jacket upper base surface between the two walls with flues bottom, one end of tubular axis stretches out body of heater sprocket wheel is installed, be connected with reducing motor with chain to a side ground on the sprocket wheel, by on the body of heater of sprocket wheel one side a hopper is being installed, the feed opening of feed hopper bottom is facing to leading to the combustion chamber above the tubular axis, outside stove, a dirt-excluding bucket is installed below tiltedly at the other end of tubular axis, on the tubular axis in the slag notch rotation fin is installed, on the tubular axis circumferential wall, be evenly equipped with inside and outside pore and the material toggling tooth that is communicated with, in water jacket, be evenly equipped with one and flow back to the positive and negative staggered radiating tube of fiery direction along the space center of circumference place, advancing on the inwall that burner is located at the water jacket downside respectively of each radiating tube, the other end of each radiating tube is communicated with ash bucket, between the air-vent of ash bucket and air blast, be connected with a three-way pipe, be provided with the tonifying Qi adjustable plate in the bypass pipe of three-way pipe, between three-way pipe and ash bucket, be provided with dust block board, is provided with control valve by ash bucket in the three-way pipe, in the tube connector of the blast orifice of air blast and tubular axis, also is provided with an adjustable plate.On the body of heater of combustion chamber one end, be provided with flame-observing hole.Be provided with the through hole that is communicated with inside and outside the tubular axis on each material toggling tooth.The present invention makes into vertical incinerator horizontal, increased and can feeding can ventilate again and the tubular axis and the high steam bag of deslagging, not only can make the waste incineration more abundant, do not had bioxin to discharge, and its heat energy and lime-ash all collected, reach the purpose of environmental protection and energy saving more.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a fundamental diagram of the present invention.
The specific embodiment:
Describe embodiment in conjunction with the accompanying drawings in detail, the present invention is equipped with an annular heat water jacket 1 in the circumferential wall of a horizontal body of heater, on the furnace wall, both sides, bottom of body of heater, bearing 19 is installed, the body of heater bottom is equipped with an ash bucket 15 between the bearing of both sides, in hot water jacket, be communicated with filler 25 and sewage draining exit 24 at bottom of furnace body, at the body of heater top through a high steam bag 23 that is communicated with hot water jacket is installed communicating pipe, in the combustion chamber in the middle of the body of heater along both sides vertically and the hot water jacket concentric be provided with twice arc wall with flues 5, leave tempering road 3 between the twice wall with flues outside and the hot water jacket, leave the tempering mouth at two wall with flues crown centers, on the hot water jacket upper base surface between the two walls with flues bottom, on the body of heater end walls, be rotatablely equipped with a tubular axis 16, one end of tubular axis stretches out body of heater one sprocket wheel 6 is installed, be connected with reducing motor 12 with chain to a side ground on the sprocket wheel, by on the sprocket wheel one wing furnace body hopper 4 is being installed, the feed opening of feed hopper bottom is facing to leading to the combustion chamber above the tubular axis, outside stove, a dirt-excluding bucket 20 is installed below tiltedly at the other end of tubular axis, rotation fin 21 is installed on the tubular axis in the slag notch, is used to promote residue and discharges.On the circumferential wall of tubular axis, be evenly equipped with the inside and outside pore 18 that is communicated with and the material toggling tooth 17 of inside and outside connection, in water jacket, be evenly equipped with one and flow back to the positive and negative staggered radiating tube 2 of fiery direction along the space center of circumference place, the heating of not only can feeding water, also give the flue gas cool-down that passes through simultaneously, the burner that advances of each radiating tube is located at respectively on the water jacket downside inwall, and the other end of each radiating tube is communicated with ash bucket.Between the air-vent of ash bucket and air blast 9, be connected with a three-way pipe 11, be provided with the tonifying Qi adjustable plate in the bypass pipe 10 of three-way pipe, can in time in air blast, mend the aerobic air easily.Between three-way pipe and ash bucket, be provided with dust block board 14, be provided with control valve 13 near ash bucket in the three-way pipe, in the blast orifice of air blast 9 and the tube connector between the tubular axis 7, be provided with adjustable plate 8.Grasp combustion case for convenience and on an end wall of combustion chamber, be provided with flame-observing hole 22.

Claims (3)

1. the incinerator of the bioxin of Wuing discharging, it is characterized in that: be that the annular heat water jacket is installed in the circumferential wall of a horizontal body of heater, on the furnace wall, both sides, bottom of body of heater, bearing is installed, the body of heater bottom is equipped with an ash bucket between the bearing of both sides, in hot water jacket, be communicated with filler and sewage draining exit at bottom of furnace body, at the body of heater top through a high steam bag that is communicated with hot water jacket is installed communicating pipe, in the combustion chamber of body of heater, be provided with twice arc wall with flues along two vertical both sides and hot water jacket concentric, be provided with the tempering road between the twice wall with flues outside and the hot water jacket, be provided with the tempering mouth at two wall with flues crown centers, on the body of heater end walls, be rotatablely equipped with a tubular axis on the hot water jacket upper base surface between the two walls with flues bottom, one end of tubular axis stretches out body of heater sprocket wheel is installed, be connected with reducing motor with chain to a side ground on the sprocket wheel, by on the body of heater of sprocket wheel one side a hopper is being installed, the feed opening of feed hopper bottom is facing to leading to the combustion chamber above the tubular axis, outside stove, a dirt-excluding bucket is installed below tiltedly at the other end of tubular axis, on the tubular axis in the slag notch rotation fin is installed, on the tubular axis circumferential wall, be evenly equipped with inside and outside pore and the material toggling tooth that is communicated with, in water jacket, be evenly equipped with one and flow back to the positive and negative staggered radiating tube of fiery direction along the space center of circumference place, advancing on the inwall that burner is located at the water jacket downside respectively of each radiating tube, the other end of each radiating tube is communicated with ash bucket, between the air-vent of ash bucket and air blast, be connected with a three-way pipe, be provided with the tonifying Qi adjustable plate in the bypass pipe of three-way pipe, between three-way pipe and ash bucket, be provided with dust block board, is provided with control valve by ash bucket in the three-way pipe, in the tube connector of the blast orifice of air blast and tubular axis, also is provided with an adjustable plate.
2. the incinerator of no bioxin discharging according to claim 1 is characterized in that: be provided with flame-observing hole on the body of heater of combustion chamber one end.
3. according to the incinerator of claim 1,2 described no bioxin dischargings, it is characterized in that: be provided with the through hole that is communicated with inside and outside the tubular axis on each material toggling tooth.
CN2011101216599A 2011-05-05 2011-05-05 Garbage incinerator without dioxin emission CN102155741B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011101216599A CN102155741B (en) 2011-05-05 2011-05-05 Garbage incinerator without dioxin emission

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011101216599A CN102155741B (en) 2011-05-05 2011-05-05 Garbage incinerator without dioxin emission

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CN102155741A true CN102155741A (en) 2011-08-17
CN102155741B CN102155741B (en) 2012-08-15

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102827638A (en) * 2012-09-25 2012-12-19 河南省四达仙龙实业有限公司 Combustible refuse gas generator

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5562053A (en) * 1993-10-27 1996-10-08 Lim; Kyung-Suk Tunnel incinerator
CN2535672Y (en) * 2002-04-16 2003-02-12 陈凤仪 Horizontal continuously garbage-treatment incinerator
CN201034321Y (en) * 2007-05-25 2008-03-12 郭涵 Burning decontamination plant treating life refuse by employing air-swept mill
CN201448851U (en) * 2009-07-17 2010-05-05 张建路 Domestic garbage gasifying incinerator
US20100150658A1 (en) * 2008-03-24 2010-06-17 Lcg Thermalpro International Inc. System and method for treating oil-bearing media
CN202024336U (en) * 2011-05-05 2011-11-02 李献本 Garbage incinerator free of dioxin exhaust

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5562053A (en) * 1993-10-27 1996-10-08 Lim; Kyung-Suk Tunnel incinerator
CN2535672Y (en) * 2002-04-16 2003-02-12 陈凤仪 Horizontal continuously garbage-treatment incinerator
CN201034321Y (en) * 2007-05-25 2008-03-12 郭涵 Burning decontamination plant treating life refuse by employing air-swept mill
US20100150658A1 (en) * 2008-03-24 2010-06-17 Lcg Thermalpro International Inc. System and method for treating oil-bearing media
CN201448851U (en) * 2009-07-17 2010-05-05 张建路 Domestic garbage gasifying incinerator
CN202024336U (en) * 2011-05-05 2011-11-02 李献本 Garbage incinerator free of dioxin exhaust

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102827638A (en) * 2012-09-25 2012-12-19 河南省四达仙龙实业有限公司 Combustible refuse gas generator

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