CN102154997A - Ecotypic bank revetment structure - Google Patents

Ecotypic bank revetment structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102154997A
CN102154997A CN2011101327178A CN201110132717A CN102154997A CN 102154997 A CN102154997 A CN 102154997A CN 2011101327178 A CN2011101327178 A CN 2011101327178A CN 201110132717 A CN201110132717 A CN 201110132717A CN 102154997 A CN102154997 A CN 102154997A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shore protection
bank revetment
level
revetment
barricade
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CN2011101327178A
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Chinese (zh)
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陈一梅
马骏
朱三宝
廖鹏
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Southeast University
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Southeast University
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Priority to CN2011101327178A priority Critical patent/CN102154997A/en
Publication of CN102154997A publication Critical patent/CN102154997A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A10/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE at coastal zones; at river basins
    • Y02A10/11Hard structures, e.g. dams, dykes or breakwaters

Abstract

The invention discloses an ecotypic bank revetment structure, which, from bottom to top, orderly comprises a first stage bank revetment, a bank revetment platform and a second stage bank revetment, wherein the first stage bank revetment is in a stepped shape and comprises more than one step; the riverside of each step is provided with a retaining wall; the outside of the retaining wall is provided with a sand charging tube bag; the retaining wall is provided with a water through hole and the lower end of the retaining wall is fixed in underground soil; protective plants are planted on the bank revetment platform; and the second stage bank revetment is a slope connected with the bank revetment platform and the ground, and a three-dimensional geonet in which protective plants are planted is paved on the second stage bank revetment. According to the ecotypic bank revetment structure in the invention, the sand powder soil in the marine soil areas and local plants are fully used as the bank revetment materials; the ecotypic bank revetment structure for combining the bio-technology with the engineering technology is constructed; the cost of the bank revetment structure is saved; the engineering implementation difficulty is reduced; the bank revetment structure is stable, and the bank revetment structure effect is obvious.

Description

A kind of ecology typed bank revetment structure
Technical field
The present invention relates to the shore protection construction applications in the cruiseway regulations such as riverbank, dam, water channel, particularly a kind of ecology typed bank revetment structure.
Background technology
National aspect has been mentioned in China's cruiseway regulation at present, No. 2 literary compositions of State Council in 2011 " State Council is about accelerating the suggestion that cruiseways such as the Changjiang river are built " propose new requirement to China's inland river water transport development, indicate that China's cruiseway construction has entered the period of a high speed development.Different with the natural river navigation channel; the inland river restricted waterway is a uniqueness, the seminatural ecosystem of extensive influence is arranged; safeguard the health and safety of ecological process on inland river restricted waterway view and the regional scale, the inland river restricted waterway is become to continue, provide efficiently the local area ecological infrastructure of multiple ecology service (comprise that water delivery, species are perched, legacy protection, leisure and flood control etc.).Therefore, the regulation on inland river restricted waterway riverbank protection becomes major issue in the restricted waterway construction of inland river.The rigidity shore protection is mainly considered engineering structures safety and durability, adopts the materials such as stone-laying, concrete or steel concrete that application property is good, durability is strong more, and " sclerosis " of shore protection brought ecological environment problem.Some ecology typed bank revetment structures of non-navigable river can not satisfy the engineering properties of inland river restricted waterway again.Therefore, research novel ecological environment-friendly type shore protection is very necessary.
Nowadays, environmental navigation channel shore protection construction obtains the extensive attention of international community.As far back as 20th century the nineties, " bioengineering shore protection technology " just appearred in American-European countries, and actively practices; Japan also proposes " many natural types river regulation technology ", has now formulated the rules of " advancing the construction of many natural types river ".Construction at China's ecological revetment is also tried to explore, as the two Hua Areas, canal, Hangzhoupro, capital, Jiangsu section ecological revetment, the prefabricated concrete caisson type of Zhejiang water permeability shore protection etc., the ecology typed bank revetment structure approves extensively that because the construction cost of navigation channel shore protection is big, the cycle is longer, the bank protection structure of original non-ecology also exists in a large number although having obtained industry.Here just present domestic existing bank protection structure is briefly introduced, specific as follows:
Gravity revetment.Gravity revetment can be divided into cemented rock structure, the sub-concrete filling of microlith building block stone structure, horsestone concrete structure and cast-in-place concrete structure etc. by the difference of material selection; Can be divided into again by wall back of the body situation face upward tiltedly, bow tiltedly, five kinds of patterns such as vertical, broken line and weight formula.The gravity revetment structure have draw materials conveniently, firm in structure, advantage such as pattern is simple, erosion-resisting characteristics is strong, but also exist shortcomings such as the difficult control of construction quality, investment is big, the life-span is short, maintenance capacity is big, ecological property is relatively poor;
2. steel concrete cantilevered shore protection.Its main feature be from heavy and light, scour resistance is good, maintenance is little, the life-span is short.Similar with gravity revetment, its shortcoming is also comparatively obvious, and it is relatively poor to mainly contain cost height, construction inconvenience, ecological property;
3. open caisson shore protection.This structure has advantages such as wall body rigidity is big, sound construction, good stability, antiscour is effective, the life-span is long, but this structure exists shortcomings such as cost height, construction requirement height;
4. sheet pile formula shore protection.Advantage such as that this structure has is simple in structure, material usage is little, prefabricated degree height, easy construction, cost are low exists also that rigidity is low, poor durability, bad adaptability, shortcomings such as construction technology complexity;
5. Baffle Bank Protection.It is strong that it has an erosion resistibility, and antiskid, the anti-performance of inclining are good, cost economic, and advantages such as easy construction, but environmental relatively poor;
6. ground-connecting-wall shore protection.This rigidity of structure is big, and resistance to overturning is good, and impact resistance is strong, and barrier performance is good; But this structure construction requires high, and less economical, eco-environmental prote is low;
7. ramp type is done (slurry) building block stone shore protection.This pattern compliance is strong, and construction is simple, and cost is low; But also exist globality poor, antiscour and anti-collision effect are relatively poor, shortcomings such as underwater project construction difficulty;
Ramp type concrete mould bag shore protection.Advantages such as this structure has good integrity, impact resistance is strong, durability good, easy construction, maintenance capacity are few, but to the river course planeness have relatively high expectations, subaqueous construction difficulty, ecological property be poor;
Ramp type prefabricated section shore protection.This type structure is simple, easy construction, and construction costs is low, and hydrophily is strong, outward appearance neat appearance, but its construction inconvenience, poor durability, difficult in maintenance, ecological property, water permeability are relatively poor;
The gabion bank protection structure.This pattern good water permeability, the unrestrained performance that disappears is strong, and compliance is strong, and ecological performance is better; But this structure is subject to the infringement of external force such as boats and ships cast anchor, and reliability is lower;
Plant living retaining wall shore protection from the embedding formula.This pattern has that compliance is strong, material usage is few, speed of application is fast, the advantage of excellent in durability, but its anticollision performance is relatively poor;
Prefabricated interlock block paving shore protection.This structure has advantages such as good water permeability, intensity height, good endurance, prefabricated degree height, easy construction, easy to maintenance, cost economic, has certain ecological property, hydrophily, view in addition;
The prefabricated concrete caisson type of permeable type shore protection.This pattern have occupation of land less, rational in infrastructure, prefabricated degree height, the facility that economizes on resources, constructs, characteristics that ecological effect is good, but this pattern is higher to the geology conditional request;
Concrete is split from the piece shore protection.This pattern has easy construction, prefabricated degree height, cost performance height, easy to maintenance, characteristics such as landscape effect good, economize on resources;
Rong Xun block wall shore protection.This pattern is anti-inclines, shearing resistance, antiskid, shock resistance are stronger, easy construction, and prefabricated degree height, good integrity, compliance is strong.In addition, this pattern also has splendid ecological property and view;
Riprap protection.It has advantages such as good endurance, erosion resistibility is strong, construction is simple, maintenance requirement is low, material source is wide, ecological property is good, but this pattern basis easily greatly, is not had sustainability by scour, nature material consumption;
Ecological bag barricade shore protection.This shore protection pattern low cost, ecological property is good, rate of vegetation is high, but intensity is lower;
Plant bank protection.It is the ecological revetment technology of primary structure body with the plant that this shore protection pattern has adopted.This shore protection technology both can be utilized biotechnology merely, also biotechnology can be combined with engineering, and bank slope is protected.Specifically can be divided three classes: complete series ecological revetment, geobiont engineering and combined biological stabilization technique.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed to the shortcoming and defect that other shore protection form exists in the prior art, provide a kind of plant bank protection pattern that biotechnology is combined with engineering, i.e. the ecology typed bank revetment structure.
The technical scheme that the present invention takes is: a kind of ecology typed bank revetment structure, comprise the one-level shore protection, shore protection platform and the secondary shore protection that set gradually from down to up, described one-level shore protection is a stairstepping, comprise 1 with the level of appearing on the stage, the side that meets water of each level is provided with barricade, and the barricade outside is that ground side is provided with the sandstone charging pipe bag; Barricade is provided with the limbers, and its lower end is fixed under water in the soil; Plant securing plant on the described shore protection platform; Described secondary shore protection is laid three-dimensional earthwork for connecting the slope on shore protection platform and ground on it, plant securing plant in the three-dimensional earthwork.
As a kind of improvement, the side that meets water of minimum level barricade is provided with the multilayer sand pocket in the described one-level shore protection, can prevent washing away of ship wave, increases the stability of shore protection.
Preferably, the difference in height scope in the described one-level shore protection between each adjacent stations level is between 0.8-1.0m, and the width range of each level is between 1.0-1.2m.
Preferably, in the described one-level shore protection, the top of the highest level flushes with ordinary water level, the minimum navigable water stage 0.5m of the distance from top of minimum level.Minimum level is in long-term floodage, and the quantity of platform level is many more by the big more then platform of the decision water-head of the water-head between ordinary water level and low water level progression.
Preferably, the height that described barricade lower end is fixed in the soil under water is not less than 2/3rds of barricade overall height, can guarantee the stable of barricade.
Preferably, described barricade is the stake that is arranged side by side, and forms the barricade of each step, adopts the mode of beating of closely inserting between all piles, and each timber fixed end length is not less than 2/3rds of total length; Stake comprises China fir stake, imitative timber.Barricade also can adopt other forms to realize in addition, as is provided with the baffle plate of limbers, and the setting of limbers is in order to make barricade can bear big impulsive force; When adopting the close pile form, the space between each promptly is equivalent to the limbers; Stake can adopt also that other material is gently tough, corrosion-resistant material is done pile, guarantees the life-span of barricade; The diameter of stake, length are determined according to engineering safety.
Preferably, described sandstone charging pipe bag adopts by woven cloth of polypropylene 230g/m2 and the compound 380g/m of 150 g/m2 nonwoven acupunctures 2Woven Compound Fabric make, the inner sandy silt of filling, concrete, this geotechnique's bag has permeable preferably guarantor's soil nature energy, can fill local sandy silt in the bag, both can avoid the adverse effect of sandy silt, can make full use of the cost of local sandy silt, attenuating bank protection work again for the bank protection work construction.In addition, but growing plant also in the sandstone charging pipe bag increases the ecological property and the stability of shore protection.
Preferably, described sandstone charging pipe bag is of a size of after filling sandy silt: length 30m, width 1m, height 1m.Concrete specification can be selected to determine according to soil property and engineering footprint size local in the concrete engineering.
As a kind of improvement, described shore protection platform is oblique to the inclination of secondary shore protection, and its end that connects the secondary shore protection vertically is provided with the gutter.The slope of preferred shore protection platform is 1%, as long as can make the ponding on the platform in time flow to the gutter.
Preferably, it is that concrete constitutes that concrete is adopted in described gutter, both can increase the stability of secondary bank slope, can guarantee that again the water on the shore protection platform in time drains, and causes piping in order to avoid infilter subsoil.
Beneficial effect
One, ecology typed bank revetment structure of the present invention is in line with resources conservation, the principle of gathering materials on the spot; the sandy silt that makes full use of the marine soil area is as embankment material; not only saved the cost of bank protection structure itself; and reduced the earthwork transportation in the project implementing process, greatly reduce the construction cost of marine soil area bank protection work.Two, this novel ecological property bank protection structure is according to the particle diameter of local sandy silt, select for use protect the sand water permeability preferably geotextiles make the sandpipe bag, in time discharge underground water, effectively avoided sandy silt that quicksand, piping easily take place and influenced constitutionally stable shortcoming.Three, utilize the timber solid matter to form wall-retaining structure, both can improve the crashworthiness of shore protection, can protect the sandstone charging pipe bag to avoid coming the destruction of Self-propelling boat again, increase the durability of sandstone charging pipe bag.Four, this structure adopts stepped construction, effectively avoids because the shore protection view problem that water-head causes, and has also increased the hydrophily of shore protection simultaneously.Five, this bank protection structure adopts timber solid matter form at the one-level shore protection, exists more hole between the timber, for aquatile provides necessary living space; Shore protection platform plantation endemic plant, the Lang Baotan that both can disappear has increased the landscape ecological of shore protection platform again.Six, timber is anticorrosive with sand pocket salt tolerant alkali, can improve the durability of shore protection.The secondary bank slope utilizes three-dimensional earthwork technology grass planting, has also increased the landscape ecological of bank protection structure.
Description of drawings
Figure 1 shows that section structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
For content of the present invention is become apparent more, be described further below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments.
In conjunction with Fig. 1, the shore protection fracture morphology is last slow steep composite structure down among the present invention, is disposed with one-level shore protection 1, shore protection platform 2, secondary shore protection 3 from down to up.One-level shore protection 1 adopts stepped construction, has 2 platform levels 11, and each level 11 is made up of the barricade 112 of the side that meets water and the sandstone charging pipe bag 111 of the outside (original ground side); Barricade 112 by a plurality ofly be arranged side by side closely, the lower end is fixed in the China fir stake of soil under water and forms, the fixed end length of each is not less than 2/3rds of total length; Sandstone charging pipe bag 111 adopts by woven cloth of polypropylene 230g/m2 and the compound 380g/m of 150 g/m2 nonwoven acupunctures 2Woven Compound Fabric make, the inner sandy silt of filling is of a size of after sandstone charging pipe bag 111 is filled sandy silts: length 30m, width 1m, height 1m; The top of the highest level flushes with ordinary water level 01, and the top of minimum level flushes with the water level 02 that is lower than minimum navigable water stage 0.5m; Difference in height between two platform levels 11 is between 0.8-1.0m, and the width of each level 11 is between 1.0-1.2m; Shore protection platform 2 is oblique to 3 inclinations of secondary shore protection, and slope is 1%, and the junction of itself and secondary shore protection 3 vertically is provided with the gutter 22 that constitutes with concrete (concrete), plantation endemic plant 21 on the shore protection platform 2; Secondary shore protection 3 is laid three-dimensional earthwork 31 for connecting the slope of shore protection platform 2 and original ground 4 on it, plantation protection grass 32 in the three-dimensional earthwork 31.
The inboard of shore protection frontal line 03 is that the side that meets water of minimum level barricade 112 also is provided with 2 layers of sand pocket 5 in the one-level shore protection 1, be used to prevent washing away of ship wave, thereby reinforced retaining wall increases the stability of shore protection.
Concrete case study on implementation only is a preferable case study on implementation of the present invention described in the present invention, is not to be used for limiting practical range of the present invention.Be that all equivalences of doing according to the content of the present patent application claim change and modification, all should be as technology category of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. an ecology typed bank revetment structure is characterized in that, comprises the one-level shore protection, shore protection platform and the secondary shore protection that set gradually from top to bottom, described one-level shore protection is a stairstepping, comprise 1 with the level of appearing on the stage, the side that meets water of each level is provided with barricade, and the barricade outside is provided with the sandstone charging pipe bag; Barricade is provided with the limbers, and its lower end is fixed under water in the soil;
Plant securing plant on the described shore protection platform;
Described secondary shore protection is laid three-dimensional earthwork for connecting the slope of shore protection platform and original ground on it, plant securing plant in the three-dimensional earthwork.
2. ecology typed bank revetment structure according to claim 1 is characterized in that, also comprises the multilayer sand pocket, and it is stacked in the side that meets water of minimum level barricade in the one-level shore protection.
3. ecology typed bank revetment structure according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that, the difference in height scope in the described one-level shore protection between each adjacent stations level is between 0.8-1.0m, and the width range of each level is between 1.0-1.2m.
4. ecology typed bank revetment structure according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that, in the described one-level shore protection, the top of the highest level flushes with ordinary water level, the minimum navigable water stage 0.5m of the distance from top of minimum level.
5. ecology typed bank revetment structure according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that the height of described barricade fixed end is more than or equal to 2/3rds of overall height.
6. ecology typed bank revetment structure according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that, described barricade comprises a plurality of stakes that are arranged side by side, and described stake comprises China fir stake, imitative timber.
7. ecology typed bank revetment structure according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that, described sandstone charging pipe bag adopts by woven cloth of polypropylene 230g/m2 and the compound 380g/m of 150 g/m2 nonwoven acupunctures 2Woven Compound Fabric make the inner sandy silt of filling.
8. ecology typed bank revetment structure according to claim 7 is characterized in that, is of a size of behind the inner filling of the described sandstone charging pipe bag sandy silt: length 30m, width 1m, height 1m.
9. ecology typed bank revetment structure according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that, described shore protection platform is oblique to the inclination of secondary shore protection, and its end that connects the secondary shore protection vertically is provided with the gutter.
10. ecology typed bank revetment structure according to claim 9 is characterized in that, described gutter adopts concrete to constitute.
CN2011101327178A 2011-05-23 2011-05-23 Ecotypic bank revetment structure Pending CN102154997A (en)

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Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102493393A (en) * 2011-12-21 2012-06-13 杨梦云 Construction scheme for throwing (filling) long sand-filled tubular sacks inside and outside anti-slide piles to protect feet
CN102505661A (en) * 2011-12-21 2012-06-20 杨梦云 Construction scheme of stone-piled foot protector of underwater bearing platform
CN102518136A (en) * 2011-11-28 2012-06-27 长沙理工大学 Flexible reinforcement combination protection structure for controlling humidification and damage for soft rock strong weathering zone
CN102561281A (en) * 2012-03-12 2012-07-11 江苏省水利科学研究院 Irrigation and drainage canal in coastal reclamation area
CN102550260A (en) * 2012-01-30 2012-07-11 上海海洋大学 Method of ecological construction of upright revetment-type lakeside zone
CN102587337A (en) * 2012-03-12 2012-07-18 江苏省水利科学研究院 Irrigation-drainage ditch slope revetment device for coastal reclamation areas
CN102605743A (en) * 2012-04-23 2012-07-25 河海大学 Ecological retaining wall with segmented separation type baffling wall
CN102839633A (en) * 2012-09-24 2012-12-26 金丹越 Slope-type ecological embankment
CN102995601A (en) * 2012-11-19 2013-03-27 陕西煤业化工建设(集团)有限公司 Municipal flood control integrated engineering construction technology for strong flushing embankment
CN103321194A (en) * 2012-08-23 2013-09-25 上海市环境科学研究院 Dry land ecological interception channel adopting slope protection technology and construction method thereof
CN104074169A (en) * 2013-03-26 2014-10-01 中国二十冶集团有限公司 A temporary drainage method for water-sufficient areas of sandy land
CN104641894A (en) * 2015-01-27 2015-05-27 芜湖恒诺能源技术有限公司 Planting method for vegetables
CN106087871A (en) * 2016-06-23 2016-11-09 扬州大学 A kind of environmental assembled revetment combined structure
CN106149625A (en) * 2016-08-23 2016-11-23 上海市水利工程设计研究院有限公司 A kind of ecological self-purification type landscape revetment reconstruction structure and construction method thereof
CN106368227A (en) * 2016-11-14 2017-02-01 广东中联兴环保科技有限公司 Water erosion prevention system and method for ecology of slope of abandoned rear-earth mine land

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CN1632231A (en) * 2004-12-27 2005-06-29 河海大学 Landscape type multi-stage stepwise artificial wetland protection slope forming method
CN201314039Y (en) * 2008-12-15 2009-09-23 中交上海航道勘察设计研究院有限公司 Ecological recovering type bank protection structure in riverway beaches

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CN1632231A (en) * 2004-12-27 2005-06-29 河海大学 Landscape type multi-stage stepwise artificial wetland protection slope forming method
CN201314039Y (en) * 2008-12-15 2009-09-23 中交上海航道勘察设计研究院有限公司 Ecological recovering type bank protection structure in riverway beaches

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102518136A (en) * 2011-11-28 2012-06-27 长沙理工大学 Flexible reinforcement combination protection structure for controlling humidification and damage for soft rock strong weathering zone
CN102505661A (en) * 2011-12-21 2012-06-20 杨梦云 Construction scheme of stone-piled foot protector of underwater bearing platform
CN102493393A (en) * 2011-12-21 2012-06-13 杨梦云 Construction scheme for throwing (filling) long sand-filled tubular sacks inside and outside anti-slide piles to protect feet
CN102550260A (en) * 2012-01-30 2012-07-11 上海海洋大学 Method of ecological construction of upright revetment-type lakeside zone
CN102550260B (en) * 2012-01-30 2013-09-18 上海海洋大学 Method of ecological construction of upright revetment-type lakeside zone
CN102587337A (en) * 2012-03-12 2012-07-18 江苏省水利科学研究院 Irrigation-drainage ditch slope revetment device for coastal reclamation areas
CN102561281A (en) * 2012-03-12 2012-07-11 江苏省水利科学研究院 Irrigation and drainage canal in coastal reclamation area
CN102605743A (en) * 2012-04-23 2012-07-25 河海大学 Ecological retaining wall with segmented separation type baffling wall
CN103321194A (en) * 2012-08-23 2013-09-25 上海市环境科学研究院 Dry land ecological interception channel adopting slope protection technology and construction method thereof
CN103321194B (en) * 2012-08-23 2015-10-14 上海市环境科学研究院 A kind of nonirrigated farmland ecological intercepting irrigation canals and ditches and construction process thereof adopting slope protecting technique
CN102839633A (en) * 2012-09-24 2012-12-26 金丹越 Slope-type ecological embankment
CN102995601A (en) * 2012-11-19 2013-03-27 陕西煤业化工建设(集团)有限公司 Municipal flood control integrated engineering construction technology for strong flushing embankment
CN104074169A (en) * 2013-03-26 2014-10-01 中国二十冶集团有限公司 A temporary drainage method for water-sufficient areas of sandy land
CN104641894A (en) * 2015-01-27 2015-05-27 芜湖恒诺能源技术有限公司 Planting method for vegetables
CN106087871A (en) * 2016-06-23 2016-11-09 扬州大学 A kind of environmental assembled revetment combined structure
CN106087871B (en) * 2016-06-23 2017-12-08 扬州大学 A kind of environmental assembled revetment combined structure
CN106149625A (en) * 2016-08-23 2016-11-23 上海市水利工程设计研究院有限公司 A kind of ecological self-purification type landscape revetment reconstruction structure and construction method thereof
CN106368227A (en) * 2016-11-14 2017-02-01 广东中联兴环保科技有限公司 Water erosion prevention system and method for ecology of slope of abandoned rear-earth mine land

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