CN102151385B - Breath trainer - Google Patents

Breath trainer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102151385B
CN102151385B CN2011101403190A CN201110140319A CN102151385B CN 102151385 B CN102151385 B CN 102151385B CN 2011101403190 A CN2011101403190 A CN 2011101403190A CN 201110140319 A CN201110140319 A CN 201110140319A CN 102151385 B CN102151385 B CN 102151385B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
valve
electrically
chip microcomputer
circuit
oxygen
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CN2011101403190A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102151385A (en
Inventor
徐赤坤
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徐赤坤
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Priority to CN2011101403190A priority Critical patent/CN102151385B/en
Publication of CN102151385A publication Critical patent/CN102151385A/en
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Publication of CN102151385B publication Critical patent/CN102151385B/en

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Abstract

The invention provides a breath trainer. The breath trainer consists of a chassis, a control panel, a filter box, a buffer pot, a check valve, an air hose, a nose cover, an air discharge pipe, a pulse blood pressure and blood oxygen detector, an oxygen enrichment generation device, a flow control device, a pipeline switching valve, a pressure sensor, a flow sensor and a circuit module; the oxygen enrichment generation device consists of an oxygen enrichment membrane component box and a vacuum pump; the flow control device consists of a first air distribution barrel, a second air distribution barrel and a resistance pipe network; the air discharging pipe is connected with the pressure sensor and the flow sensor through branch pipes; a liquid crystal display screen and a control key are arranged on the control panel; and the circuit module consists of a singlechip, a voice chip, a power amplifier, a loudspeaker, a program memory, a data memory, a display circuit, a keyboard circuit and a signal conditioning circuit. The breath trainer has high intelligent level, can perform human-machine interaction and increase the training interest, and is capable of selecting a training load and a training time according to a parameter input by a user, so a step-by-step exercising effect can be achieved.

Description

Respiration training

Technical field

The present invention relates to take exercise the instrument of PFT, particularly a kind of respiration training.

Background technology

Wait for a long time in chronic disease, fatigue, bad habits and customs, the year PFT of factors influence human body causes the reduction of lung capacity, causes the ventilating mode of shallow breathing; And then bring out multiple disease; Therefore the exercise of carrying out respiratory function is necessary, and exhaling and inhaling all is the activity of lung, and lung is positioned at the thoracic cavity; By many muscle parcel be connected, these muscle are called respiratory muscle.Their anxiety is changing the size of thorax with lax, is handling the suction and the discharge of air.Nose was the first road barrier of respiratory system, is the important component part of respiratory system, through the evolution in millions upon millions of years; Nasal cavity is not the passage of air; Because the particularity of nasal cavity histological structure, it also has effect moistening, warm, filtered air, and the blood vessel of bronchia mucosal is very abundant; Have and shrink and the planning function, and can carry out self-control along with the change of inside and outside environment.When cool ambient air got into nasal cavity, the blood in the little blood vessel just increased, and flowed also to accelerate, and like this, just can be adjusted to the temperature similar with body temperature to the cold air that gets into nasal cavity; Simultaneously, can the air of drying be become moistening air, to keep the normal physiological activity of respiratory tract.Prevent dry and cold air stimulation throat and respiratory mucosa and injure lungs.Be covered with stubby vibrissa in the nasal cavity, can block dust in air and showy particle.Therefore, when physical culture enure and body building, all nasal respiration should be used as far as possible, the function of lung could be effectively strengthened like this.Respiratory training is also referred to as regulation of breathing training, and is promptly regular, prolong the time air-breathing, that keep, exhale consciously, sucks a large amount of air as much as possible, and lets it that restraining is arranged, has dynamics ground slowly to breathe out, and in this process, makes respiratory muscle obtain taking exercise.In the prior art, the instrument that carries out respiratory training all is mechanical, simple in structure, function singleness; Use dullly, be mostly to blow up a balloon, bottle blowing formula training method, can not carry out respiratory training with nose; Training load and training time can not be regulated, and can not realize human-computer interaction, can not adjust according to user's age, sex, health; Do not reach comprehensive train on, therefore be badly in need of the high respiration training of a kind of intelligent level of research and development, let the user progressively perform physical exercise in proper order.

Summary of the invention

The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of respiration training, intelligent level is high, can carry out human-computer interaction, increases the temperament and interest of taking exercise, and can select training load and training time automatically according to the parameter of user's input, reaches asymptotic in proper order train on.

For realizing above-mentioned purpose, the present invention adopts following technical scheme:

A kind of respiration training is made up of cabinet, control panel, filter cartridge, surge tank, check valve, air hose, nose cup, gas discharge pipe, pulse blood pressure blood oxygen detection, oxygen enrichment generating means, volume control device, pipeline switch valve, pressure sensor, flow sensor and circuit module, and it is characterized in that: the oxygen enrichment generating means is made up of oxygen-enriched membrane component box, vavuum pump; Volume control device is made up of a distribution tube, No. two distribution tubes, resistance pipe networks, and the pipeline switch valve has left end, centre, three valve ports of right-hand member, on left end, the right-hand member valve port magnetic valve is housed respectively; The syndeton of each parts is: the gas vent of filter cartridge is connected with three-way connection through a pipeline, divides two-way output through three-way connection, and No. two pipelines of one road warp are connected with an inlet of surge tank; Another road is communicated with the inlet of oxygen-enriched membrane component box, and No. two pipeline is provided with non-return valve, and the outlet of oxygen-enriched membrane component box is connected with the inlet of vavuum pump through No. three pipelines; The vacuum delivery side of pump is connected with No. two inlets of surge tank through No. four pipelines, and the outlet of surge tank is connected with the inlet of check valve, and the outlet of check valve is connected with magnetic valve on the pipeline switch valve right-hand member valve port through No. five pipelines; The middle valve port of pipeline switch valve is communicated with a distribution tube; Be connected through the resistance pipe network between distribution tube and No. two distribution tubes, the resistance pipe network is made up of a plurality of thin wireways and magnetic valve group, each magnetic valve one, one corresponding being installed on the thin wireway in the magnetic valve group; No. two the distribution tube links to each other with the gas transmission joint; One end of air hose is connected with nose cup, and the other end of air hose is connected with the gas transmission joint, and gas discharge pipe is connected with magnetic valve on the pipeline switch valve left end valve port; The middle part of gas discharge pipe is provided with manifold; Manifold is connected with pressure sensor, flow sensor, and LCDs and control button are installed on the control panel, and circuit module is made up of single-chip microcomputer, speech chip, power amplifier, loudspeaker, program storage, data storage, display circuit, keyboard circuit, signal conditioning circuit; Loudspeaker and power amplifier are electrically connected; Power amplifier and speech chip are electrically connected, and speech chip and single-chip microcomputer are electrically connected, and LCDs and display circuit are electrically connected; Display circuit and single-chip microcomputer are electrically connected; Control button and keyboard circuit are electrically connected, and keyboard circuit and single-chip microcomputer are electrically connected, and pressure sensor, flow sensor all are electrically connected with signal conditioning circuit; Signal conditioning circuit and single-chip microcomputer are electrically connected; Program storage, data storage and single-chip microcomputer are electrically connected, and the magnetic valve on the above-mentioned pipeline switch valve left end valve port, the magnetic valve on the right-hand member valve port and the magnetic valve group in the resistance pipe network all are electrically connected with single-chip microcomputer, and said vavuum pump and single-chip microcomputer are electrically connected; Said pulse blood pressure blood oxygen detection is a watch style, and this pulse blood pressure blood oxygen detection and single-chip microcomputer are electrically connected.

The present invention has following positive beneficial effect: this instrument adopts unique human-computer interaction mode to realize respiratory training, and is simple and easy to do, not limited by the environment place; The user is under the voice suggestion guiding of respiration training; Undertaken clocklike air-breathing and expiration by certain rhythm, make respiratory system obtain all round exercise, strengthen the muscular strength and the endurance of chest, diaphragm respiratory muscle; Thorax and alveolar are fully expanded, improved effective ventilatory volume; Improve alveolar and take the photograph the oxygen ability, improve ventilation/perfusion ratio; Improve myocardium oxygen-resistant ability.The scope of application: be applicable to crowd that respiratory muscle function that a variety of causes causes weakens and the crowd who needs to improve respiratory muscle function.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of one embodiment of the invention.

Fig. 2 is the structural representation after the control panel at cabinet top is removed.

Fig. 3 is the partial enlarged drawing of cabinet inside.

Fig. 4 is the enlarged drawing of cabinet inside.

Fig. 5 is the structural representation of pipeline switch valve.

Fig. 6 is the side view of Fig. 4.

Fig. 7 is the structural representation after circuit module is removed among Fig. 6.

Fig. 8 is the side view of Fig. 7.

Fig. 9 is the side view of Fig. 8.

Figure 10 is the internal structure sketch map of oxygen-enriched membrane component box.

Figure 11 is a schematic block circuit diagram of the present invention.

The specific embodiment

Label among the figure

1 cabinet, 2 control panels, 3 filter cartridges

4 surge tanks, 5 check valves, 6 air hoses

7 nose cups, 8 gas discharge pipes

9 pulse blood pressure blood oxygen detections, 10 circuit modules

13 No. three pipelines of 12 No. two pipelines of No. 11 pipelines

16 No. six pipelines of 15 No. five pipelines of 14 No. four pipelines

17 vavuum pumps, 18 manifolds, 19 leads

22 No. two distribution tubes of No. 21 distribution tubes of 20 oxygen-enriched membrane component boxes

24 No. two inlets of 23 resistance pipe networks, 25 inlets

26 gas transmission joints, 27 inlets, 28 pressure sensors

29 plugs, 30 pipeline switch valves

31 valve ports, 32 valve ports, 33 valve ports

35 outlets, 36 non-return valves

37 outlets, 38 flow sensors, 39 sockets

40 control buttons, 41 magnetic valves, 42 display screens

43 magnetic valves, 44 inlets, 45 three-way connections

46 thin wireway 47 magnetic valves 48 inlets

49 outlets, 50 oxygen permeable membranes

Please with reference to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, Fig. 6, Fig. 7, Fig. 8, Fig. 9, Figure 10; The present invention is a kind of respiration training; Form by cabinet 1, control panel 2, filter cartridge 3, surge tank 4, check valve 5, air hose 6, nose cup 7, gas discharge pipe 8, pulse blood pressure blood oxygen detection 9, oxygen enrichment generating means, volume control device, pipeline switch valve, pressure sensor, flow sensor and circuit module 10; The oxygen enrichment generating means is made up of oxygen-enriched membrane component box 20, vavuum pump 17, and volume control device is made up of distribution tube 21, No. two distribution tubes 22, resistance pipe networks 23.

Pipeline switch valve 30 has left end, centre, three valve ports of right-hand member 31,32,33; On left end, the right-hand member valve port 31,33 magnetic valve 41,43 is housed respectively; The syndeton of each parts is: the gas vent of filter cartridge 3 is connected with three-way connection 45 through a pipeline 11; Through three-way connection two-way output in 45 fens, No. two pipelines 12 of one road warp are connected with an inlet 44 of surge tank 4, and another road is communicated with the inlet 48 of oxygen-enriched membrane component box 20; No. two pipeline 12 is provided with non-return valve 36; Non-return valve 36 also is made up of check valve, and the effect of non-return valve 36 is: after vavuum pump 17 is opened, prevent that the gas in the surge tank 4 from pouring in down a chimney in the oxygen-enriched membrane component box 20 through No. two pipelines 12.

The outlet 49 of oxygen-enriched membrane component box 20 is connected with the inlet 27 of vavuum pump 17 through No. three pipelines 13; The outlet 37 of vavuum pump 17 is connected as shown in Figure 8 through No. four pipelines 14 with No. two inlets 24 of surge tank 4; The outlet of surge tank 4 is connected with the inlet 25 of check valve 5; The outlet 35 of check valve 5 is connected like Fig. 6, shown in Figure 7 with magnetic valve 43 on the pipeline switch valve 30 right-hand member valve ports through No. five pipelines 15, and magnetic valve 43, magnetic valve 41 carry out interlocked control by single-chip microcomputer according to program, when air-breathing; Magnetic valve 43 is opened, and magnetic valve 41 cuts out.During expiration, magnetic valve 41 is opened, and magnetic valve 43 cuts out.

Please with reference to Fig. 4, Fig. 5; The middle valve port 32 of pipeline switch valve 30 is communicated with a distribution tube 21; Be connected through resistance pipe network 23 between distribution tube 21 and No. two distribution tubes 22, resistance pipe network 23 is made up of with the magnetic valve group six thin wireways 46, six magnetic valves 47 1 in the magnetic valve group, corresponding being installed on the thin wireway 46; No. two distribution tube 22 links to each other with gas transmission joint 26; One end of air hose 6 is connected with nose cup 7, and the other end of air hose 6 is connected with gas transmission joint 26, and distribution tube 21, No. two distribution tubes 22 all are made up of hollow cylinder.Surge tank 4 is made up of hollow round can.

Gas discharge pipe 8 is connected through the magnetic valve 41 on the left end valve port 31 of No. six pipelines 16 and pipeline switch valve 30; The middle part of gas discharge pipe 8 is provided with manifold 18; Manifold 18 is connected with flow sensor 38 with pressure sensor 28, and the gas of at every turn breathing out is discharged by gas discharge pipe 8, and a part of breath wherein gets in pressure sensors 28 and the flow sensor 38 through manifold 18; Pressure sensor 28 is used to measure respiratory muscle intensity, and flow sensor 38 is used to measure lung capacity.

Please, LCDs 42 and control button 40 are installed on the control panel 2 with reference to Fig. 1.

Please with reference to Figure 11; Circuit module is made up of single-chip microcomputer, speech chip, power amplifier, loudspeaker, program storage, data storage, display circuit, keyboard circuit, signal conditioning circuit, and loudspeaker and power amplifier are electrically connected, and power amplifier and speech chip are electrically connected; Speech chip and single-chip microcomputer are electrically connected; LCDs 42 is electrically connected with display circuit, and display circuit and single-chip microcomputer are electrically connected, and control button 40 is electrically connected with keyboard circuit; Keyboard circuit and single-chip microcomputer are electrically connected; Pressure sensor 28, flow sensor 38 all are electrically connected with signal conditioning circuit, and signal conditioning circuit and single-chip microcomputer are electrically connected, and program storage, data storage and single-chip microcomputer are electrically connected; Data storage is used to store the lung capacity and the respiratory muscle intensity data of the each training of user, so that training effect is estimated.Magnetic valve 41 on the above-mentioned pipeline switch valve left end valve port, the magnetic valve 43 on the right-hand member valve port and each magnetic valve 47 in the magnetic valve group in the resistance pipe network all are electrically connected with single-chip microcomputer, and circuit module 10 adopts existing mature technology.

Please with reference to Fig. 1, Fig. 2; Pulse blood pressure blood oxygen detection 9 is a watch style, and this pulse blood pressure blood oxygen detection 9 is connected with plug 29 through lead 19, and plug 29 is connected with socket 39; Socket 39 is electrically connected through the single-chip microcomputer in serial line interface and the circuit module 10; Pulse blood pressure blood oxygen detection 9 is the portable dingus of a kind of low-power consumption, exactly likes wrist-watch, can measure blood oxygen saturation and pulse, blood pressure; The operation principle of pulse blood pressure blood oxygen detection 9 is existing mature technology, so superfluous stating no longer in addition.

Please with reference to Figure 10, the oxygen permeable membrane 50 of tabular a slice, a slice is equipped with in the inside of oxygen-enriched membrane component box 20; Oxygen permeable membrane 50 is polymeric membranes of a kind of oxygen flow resistance nitrogen, is used to increase the oxygen content that sucks gas, and after vavuum pump 17 was opened, air passed oxygen permeable membrane, and the airborne oxygen content of outlet 49 outputs of oxygen-enriched membrane component box 20 will increase.In the filter cartridge 3 active carbon filter core is housed, is used to filter inhaled air.

The method for using of this instrument is following: after the start; Pulse blood pressure blood oxygen detection 9 is worn over wrist portion; Through parameters such as control button 40 input ages, sex, height, body weight, nose cup 7 is placed on nose, according to the voice suggestion of respiration training carry out air-breathing, keep, exhaling gets final product; Respiration training can detect user's blood pressure, blood oxygen, pulse; In conjunction with the parameter of input, select an exercise level automatically, and according to automatic oxygenation of physiological parameter such as detected blood oxygen, blood pressure or oxygenation not.During oxygenation, system can automatic open vacuum pump 17.Vavuum pump 17 is electrically connected with single-chip microcomputer; By Single-chip Controlling; The setting of exercise level is by the software realization of programming in advance; For example can be divided into elementary, intermediate, senior three ranks, the process of voice suggestion can be following order: 1. shut up, please air-breathing deeply with nose, and as much as possible suction gas.2. please maintain (by system's automatic time delay several seconds).3. please slowly exhale, and breathe out as possible with nose.So repeatedly.Under system voice guiding, let the user accomplish that as far as possible dark suction exhales slowly.Air-breathing main points are profound, and the main points of expiration are slow.Three existing identical points of other respiratory of level; Difference is arranged again: identical point is: non-resistance all can be arranged in each exercise level and have resistance to breathe; Each level other first three all is that non-resistance is breathed in time taking exercise, but the time that sucks, keeps, breathes out difference slightly.Difference is: elementary exercise is breathed since the 4th time; System is adjusted into little resistance automatically and breathes; Middle rank is taken exercise since the 4th breathing, and system is adjusted into medium resistance automatically and breathes, and senior exercise is breathed since the 4th time; System is adjusted into big resistance automatically and breathes; The size of resistance is by the quantity decision of the conducting of thin wireway 46 in the resistance pipe network 23, and resistance pipe network 23 is arranged between distribution tube 21, No. two distribution tubes 22, is used to control the path (gas flow size) of gas between distribution tube 21, No. two distribution tubes 22.Thin wireway 46 can be regulated the load of suction, exhalation pressure by 47 controls of the magnetic valve in the magnetic valve group through the quantity of magnetic valve 47 opening and closing.When six magnetic valves 47 are all opened, be that non-resistance breathes, at this moment, the path of gas is maximum between distribution tube 21, No. two distribution tubes 22.When a magnetic valve 47 cuts out, when all the other magnetic valves 47 are opened, be that little resistance is breathed, at this moment, the path of gas is bigger between distribution tube 21, No. two distribution tubes 22.When two or three magnetic valves 47 are closed, when all the other magnetic valves 47 are opened, be that medium resistance is breathed, at this moment, the path of gas is less between distribution tube 21, No. two distribution tubes 22.When four or five magnetic valves 47 are closed, when all the other magnetic valves 47 are opened, be that big resistance is breathed, at this moment, the path of gas is minimum between distribution tube 21, No. two distribution tubes 22.Three ranks are exhaled with the number of times of inhaling and are determined that by taking exercise respiration training is set automatically according to the program of input in advance and taken exercise total time total time.Elementary exercise can be 10~15 minutes, and intermediate exercise can be 15~20 minutes, and senior exercise can be 20~30 minutes.Pulse blood pressure blood oxygen detection 9 is realized monitoring pulse blood pressure blood oxygen during respiratory training, if the user heartbeat of blood oxygen blood pressure occurs when unusual, respiration training will point out and should temporarily be stopped to train.

Claims (1)

1. a respiration training is made up of cabinet, control panel, filter cartridge, surge tank, check valve, air hose, nose cup, gas discharge pipe, pulse blood pressure blood oxygen detection, oxygen enrichment generating means, volume control device, pipeline switch valve, pressure sensor, flow sensor and circuit module, and it is characterized in that: the oxygen enrichment generating means is made up of oxygen-enriched membrane component box, vavuum pump; Volume control device is made up of a distribution tube, No. two distribution tubes, resistance pipe networks, and the pipeline switch valve has left end, centre, three valve ports of right-hand member, on left end, the right-hand member valve port magnetic valve is housed respectively; The syndeton of each parts is: the gas vent of filter cartridge is connected with three-way connection through a pipeline, divides two-way output through three-way connection, and No. two pipelines of one road warp are connected with an inlet of surge tank; Another road is communicated with the inlet of oxygen-enriched membrane component box, and No. two pipeline is provided with non-return valve, and the outlet of oxygen-enriched membrane component box is connected with the inlet of vavuum pump through No. three pipelines; The vacuum delivery side of pump is connected with No. two inlets of surge tank through No. four pipelines, and the outlet of surge tank is connected with the inlet of check valve, and the outlet of check valve is connected with magnetic valve on the pipeline switch valve right-hand member valve port through No. five pipelines; The middle valve port of pipeline switch valve is communicated with a distribution tube; Be connected through the resistance pipe network between distribution tube and No. two distribution tubes, the resistance pipe network is made up of a plurality of thin wireways and magnetic valve group, and each magnetic valve in the magnetic valve group is installed on the thin wireway one to one; No. two the distribution tube links to each other with the gas transmission joint; One end of air hose is connected with nose cup, and the other end of air hose is connected with the gas transmission joint, and gas discharge pipe is connected with magnetic valve on the pipeline switch valve left end valve port; The middle part of gas discharge pipe is provided with manifold; Manifold is connected with pressure sensor, flow sensor, and LCDs and control button are installed on the control panel, and circuit module is made up of single-chip microcomputer, speech chip, power amplifier, loudspeaker, program storage, data storage, display circuit, keyboard circuit, signal conditioning circuit; Loudspeaker and power amplifier are electrically connected; Power amplifier and speech chip are electrically connected, and speech chip and single-chip microcomputer are electrically connected, and LCDs and display circuit are electrically connected; Display circuit and single-chip microcomputer are electrically connected; Control button and keyboard circuit are electrically connected, and keyboard circuit and single-chip microcomputer are electrically connected, and pressure sensor, flow sensor all are electrically connected with signal conditioning circuit; Signal conditioning circuit and single-chip microcomputer are electrically connected; Program storage, data storage and single-chip microcomputer are electrically connected, and the magnetic valve on the above-mentioned pipeline switch valve left end valve port, the magnetic valve on the right-hand member valve port and the magnetic valve group in the resistance pipe network all are electrically connected with single-chip microcomputer, and said vavuum pump and single-chip microcomputer are electrically connected; Said pulse blood pressure blood oxygen detection is a watch style, and this pulse blood pressure blood oxygen detection and single-chip microcomputer are electrically connected.
CN2011101403190A 2011-05-27 2011-05-27 Breath trainer CN102151385B (en)

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CN102151385B true CN102151385B (en) 2012-08-15

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DE102012200815B3 (en) * 2012-01-20 2013-01-10 Dieter Kirsch An inhalation support device and method for inhalation support
CN102764492B (en) * 2012-08-10 2014-09-24 徐赤坤 Abdominal respiration training device
CN103341254B (en) * 2013-07-12 2015-04-01 徐赤坤 Abdominal respiration training aid
CN104545922A (en) * 2013-10-22 2015-04-29 镇江石鼓文智能化系统开发有限公司 Respiration monitoring system and using method thereof
CN104436552B (en) * 2014-11-28 2016-11-09 江南大学 Respiration training
WO2017072036A1 (en) * 2015-10-30 2017-05-04 Koninklijke Philips N.V. Breathing training, monitoring and/or assistance device
RU171354U1 (en) * 2016-11-22 2017-05-29 федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение высшего образования "Воронежский государственный университет" (ФГБОУ ВО "ВГУ") Breathing simulator
CN108339243A (en) * 2018-03-16 2018-07-31 何素圈 A kind of Respiratory Medicine lung capacity training device
CN108704276B (en) * 2018-05-28 2020-01-24 中国人民解放军空军航空医学研究所 Feedback type breathing training system and method for hypoxia habitual training
CN109045658A (en) * 2018-08-09 2018-12-21 邯郸派瑞气体设备有限公司 A kind of hypoxemia device face mask type breathing intelligence control system
CN110051989B (en) * 2019-03-06 2020-09-11 漳州卫生职业学院 Cardiopulmonary training ware with cardiopulmonary monitoring function

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