CN102144457A - Cultivation method of pistacia chinensis bunge - Google Patents

Cultivation method of pistacia chinensis bunge Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN102144457A
CN102144457A CN2010101054123A CN201010105412A CN102144457A CN 102144457 A CN102144457 A CN 102144457A CN 2010101054123 A CN2010101054123 A CN 2010101054123A CN 201010105412 A CN201010105412 A CN 201010105412A CN 102144457 A CN102144457 A CN 102144457A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
seed
bed
sowing
soil
seedling
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2010101054123A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李洁
Original Assignee
李洁
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 李洁 filed Critical 李洁
Priority to CN2010101054123A priority Critical patent/CN102144457A/en
Publication of CN102144457A publication Critical patent/CN102144457A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

The invention relates to a plant cultivating technology, and in particular relates to a cultivation method of the pistacia chinensis bunge in a large area and on a large scale. The method comprises the technical steps of: 1. harvesting seeds; 2. seeding and raising seedlings: selecting nursery, soil preparing, and bed making; 3. seeding; 4. managing seedling stages; and 5. taking the cultivated wood which is seeded at one year as a rootstock for grafting the pistachio. The method is a technology for cultivating the pistacia chinensis bunge in a large area, and can be used for offering the good rootstock to successfully graft and cultivate the pistachio.

Description

A kind of Chinese pistache breeding method
Technical field
The present invention relates to the plant cultivation culture technique, be specifically related to a kind of large tracts of land Chinese pistache breeding method on a large scale.
Background technology
The pistache defoliation small arbor has another name called pattern wood, pattern tree, yellow chinaberry, loblolly tree, wooden Liao Shu etc.Drought-resistant, the impoverishment tolerant of Chinese pistache is important oil plant, the timber dual-purpose seeds of arid limestone field planting, in recent years as urban afforestation ornamental tree species also extensively plantation.Chinese pistache and pistachio are congeners, and Chinese pistache also is the main stock of the indirect grafting and breeding of China's pistachio.Utilize the south of Gansu Province Chinese pistache to do the stock grafting pistachio through experimental study, interface heals, and growth is fast, and is effective.So how large tracts of land is planted Chinese pistache on a large scale, especially plantation can be used as the Chinese pistache of pistachio graft stock, and is very necessary present.
Summary of the invention
The technology that purpose of the present invention just is to provide a kind of large tracts of land to cultivate Chinese pistache is for the successful grafting of pistachio provides good stock.
Technical scheme of the present invention is:
Technical step of the present invention is as follows
1, the processing of gathering of seed: the seed of Chinese pistache is ripe between the month in 10-11.Select robust growth during seed collection, the kind grain is full, no damage by disease and insect, and the elite stand that output is high is collected seed, when fruit is become verdigris color, can be gathered when pericarp is soft by redness.Pluck fruit and be placed on stack retting 3-4d in the bag, after treating that pericarp is softening and rotting, allowance for bark, can obtain seed.Seed immersed in the warm water be mixed with ash soak 3-5d, or soak 2-3d, wash by rubbing with the hands then, remove kind of a skin wax, pull seed out and clean, dry the back sowing or store with clear water with 5% limewash.
2, seeding and seedling raising:
2.1 garden ground is selected and whole the bed of doing
At first the garden suiting to be selected in the plot on the non-ground of growing seedlings of leeward, preceding stubble, is good with fertile loose sandy loam or loam.All should apply fertilizer, plough deeply, beat ground, garden preparations such as stalk, bedding before the sowing.Fertilising: fertilizer 15-30t/hm, urea, phosphate fertilizer 200-400kg/hm2, essence is thinner turns over, and fertilizer is evenly mixed with soil.Secondly the sunken bed of south-north direction is adopted in seedbed, and the height of bed is at 8-12cm, the wide 40-50cm of bed surface, and bed spacing 80-90cm must accomplish that bed surface is smooth, bed surface soil no soil block in small, broken bits when making bed.Doing soil disinfection before the sowing 1-3 week handles.
3 sowings
Needing before sowing in spring that seed is carried out vernalization handles.Seed should be hidden through the sand of 45d and handle; Soak 10-15d if seed is put into 40 degree warm water through 15d prior to seeding with seed, in the gunnysack of packing into then, and place the greenhouse 9-10d of 20-30 degree.The part kind shell cracking of joining the army can be sowed when seed shows money or valuables one carries unintentionally.Autumn sowing, the concrete time is can sow more than ground temperature rising 10 degree, and employing strip bunch planting autumn sowing is early autumn in the fall, and with adopting with broadcasting, seed need not handled type of seeding
4, seedling management
The fertilising of watering: after coming up, in time throwing off and cover grass and carry out afternoon, waters every 4-5d in the back of emerging, and waters early or at dusk, nursery soil is moistening is advisable to keep., seedbed early growth period 5d fertilising, concentration is people's animal manure of 3-%%, every the 15d intertill and clean tillage, every 667m imposes urea 5kg simultaneously, converts water and waters and execute potassium chloride 3kg.During this time also with noting weeding between seedling: seedling goes out to begin January thinning, and thinning is carried out before rain or after irrigating.And the protection etc. of surviving the winter of prevention and elimination of disease and pests and nursery stock.
5, the wood of one year seedling can do promptly after cultivating that the pistachio grafting uses stock.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is: realized the establishing in large scale on a large scale of Chinese pistache through adopting the inventive method, and 1 year living Chinese pistache nursery stock cultivating through the present invention is very suitable does the stock that the pistachio grafting is used, through 3 years culture experiments, its Chinese pistache survival rate height of cultivating of the inventive method, its technology is suitable to be applied, pistachio is extensive, the cultivation of high yield in order to improve for it, and the solid foundation guarantee is provided.
Embodiment
Technical step of the present invention is: 1, the processing of gathering of seed: the seed of Chinese pistache is ripe between the month in 10-11.Select robust growth during seed collection, the kind grain is full, no damage by disease and insect, and the elite stand that output is high is collected seed, when fruit is become verdigris color, can be gathered when pericarp is soft by redness.Pluck fruit and be placed on stack retting 3-4d in the bag, after treating that pericarp is softening and rotting, allowance for bark, can obtain seed.Seed immersed in the warm water be mixed with ash soak 3-5d, or soak 2-3d, wash by rubbing with the hands then, remove kind of a skin wax, pull seed out and clean, dry the back sowing or store with clear water with 5% limewash.
2, seeding and seedling raising:
2.1 garden ground is selected and whole the bed of doing
At first the garden suiting to be selected in the plot on the non-ground of growing seedlings of leeward, preceding stubble, is good with fertile loose sandy loam or loam.All should apply fertilizer, plough deeply, beat ground, garden preparations such as stalk, bedding before the sowing.Fertilising: fertilizer 15-30t/hm, urea, phosphate fertilizer 200-400kg/hm2, essence is thinner turns over, and fertilizer is evenly mixed with soil.Secondly the sunken bed of south-north direction is adopted in seedbed, and the height of bed is at 8-12cm, the wide 40-50cm of bed surface, and bed spacing 80-90cm must accomplish that bed surface is smooth, bed surface soil no soil block in small, broken bits when making bed.Doing soil disinfection before the sowing 1-3 week handles.
3 sowings
Needing before sowing in spring that seed is carried out vernalization handles.Seed should be hidden through the sand of 45d and handle; Soak 10-15d if seed is put into 40 degree warm water through 15d prior to seeding with seed, in the gunnysack of packing into then, and place the greenhouse 9-10d of 20-30 degree.The part kind shell cracking of joining the army can be sowed when seed shows money or valuables one carries unintentionally.Autumn sowing, the concrete time is can sow more than ground temperature rising 10 degree, and employing strip bunch planting autumn sowing is early autumn in the fall, and with adopting with broadcasting, seed need not handled type of seeding
4, seedling management
The fertilising of watering: after coming up, in time throwing off and cover grass and carry out afternoon, waters every 4-5d in the back of emerging, and waters early or at dusk, nursery soil is moistening is advisable to keep., seedbed early growth period 5d fertilising, concentration is people's animal manure of 3-%%, every the 15d intertill and clean tillage, every 667m imposes urea 5kg simultaneously, converts water and waters and execute potassium chloride 3kg.During this time also with noting weeding between seedling: seedling goes out to begin January thinning, and thinning is carried out before rain or after irrigating.And the protection etc. of surviving the winter of prevention and elimination of disease and pests and nursery stock.
5, the wood of one year seedling can do promptly after cultivating that the pistachio grafting uses stock.

Claims (1)

1. Chinese pistache breeding method is characterized in that technical step is as follows:
1., the processing of gathering of seed: the seed of Chinese pistache is ripe between the month in 10-11.Select robust growth during seed collection, the kind grain is full, no damage by disease and insect, and the elite stand that output is high is collected seed, when fruit is become verdigris color, can be gathered when pericarp is soft by redness.Pluck fruit and be placed on stack retting 3-4d in the bag, after treating that pericarp is softening and rotting, allowance for bark, can obtain seed.Seed immersed in the warm water be mixed with ash soak 3-5d, or soak 2-3d, wash by rubbing with the hands then, remove kind of a skin wax, pull seed out and clean, dry the back sowing or store with clear water with 5% limewash.
2., seeding and seedling raising:
2. .1 garden ground is selected and the plot that bed at first the garden suits to be selected in leeward, the preceding batch of non-ground of growing seedlings is done on whole ground, is good with fertile loose sandy loam or loam.All should apply fertilizer, plough deeply, beat ground, garden preparations such as stalk, bedding before the sowing.Fertilising: fertilizer 15-30t/hm, urea, phosphate fertilizer 200-400kg/hm2, essence is thinner turns over, and fertilizer is evenly mixed with soil.Secondly the sunken bed of south-north direction is adopted in seedbed, and the height of bed is at 8-12cm, the wide 40-50cm of bed surface, and bed spacing 80-90cm must accomplish that bed surface is smooth, bed surface soil no soil block in small, broken bits when making bed.Doing soil disinfection before the sowing 1-3 week handles.
3. sowing
Needing before sowing in spring that seed is carried out vernalization handles.Seed should be hidden through the sand of 45d and handle; Soak 10-15d if seed is put into 40 degree warm water through 15d prior to seeding with seed, in the gunnysack of packing into then, and place the greenhouse 9-10d of 20-30 degree.The part kind shell cracking of joining the army can be sowed when seed shows money or valuables one carries unintentionally.Autumn sowing, the concrete time is can sow more than ground temperature rising 10 degree, and employing strip bunch planting autumn sowing is early autumn in the fall, and with adopting with broadcasting, seed need not handled type of seeding
4., seedling management
The fertilising of watering: after coming up, in time throwing off and cover grass and carry out afternoon, waters every 4-5d in the back of emerging, and waters early or at dusk, nursery soil is moistening is advisable to keep., seedbed early growth period 5d fertilising, concentration is people's animal manure of 3-%%, every the 15d intertill and clean tillage, every 667m imposes urea 5kg simultaneously, converts water and waters and execute potassium chloride 3kg.During this time also with noting weeding between seedling: seedling goes out to begin January thinning, and thinning is carried out before rain or after irrigating.And the protection etc. of surviving the winter of prevention and elimination of disease and pests and nursery stock.
5., the wood of one year seedling can do promptly after cultivating that the pistachio grafting uses stock.
CN2010101054123A 2010-02-04 2010-02-04 Cultivation method of pistacia chinensis bunge Pending CN102144457A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010101054123A CN102144457A (en) 2010-02-04 2010-02-04 Cultivation method of pistacia chinensis bunge

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010101054123A CN102144457A (en) 2010-02-04 2010-02-04 Cultivation method of pistacia chinensis bunge

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102144457A true CN102144457A (en) 2011-08-10

Family

ID=44419095

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2010101054123A Pending CN102144457A (en) 2010-02-04 2010-02-04 Cultivation method of pistacia chinensis bunge

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN102144457A (en)

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102498793A (en) * 2011-10-22 2012-06-20 中国科学院合肥物质科学研究院 Method for removing endophytes from pistacia chinensis bunge seeds and quickly germinating pistacia chinensis bunge seeds
CN102771392A (en) * 2012-07-19 2012-11-14 巴中市光雾山植物研究所 Tissue culture and rapid propagation process of Chinese Pistache
CN103053421A (en) * 2013-01-07 2013-04-24 河南科技大学 Chinese pistache rapid propagation method
CN104170641A (en) * 2014-09-04 2014-12-03 成都龙华山桐子能源科技有限公司 Breeding method for Idesea polycarpa by utilizing lime water
CN105766131A (en) * 2016-03-11 2016-07-20 西南大学 Rapid citrus seed coat removing method
CN107318332A (en) * 2016-04-29 2017-11-07 湖南省新贵园农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of fertilizing method of Chinese pistache
CN108668815A (en) * 2018-05-22 2018-10-19 安康市振兴实业集团生物科技有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of the coptis
CN108781590A (en) * 2018-05-22 2018-11-13 安康市振兴实业集团生物科技有限公司 A kind of storage method of coptis seed

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102498793A (en) * 2011-10-22 2012-06-20 中国科学院合肥物质科学研究院 Method for removing endophytes from pistacia chinensis bunge seeds and quickly germinating pistacia chinensis bunge seeds
CN102498793B (en) * 2011-10-22 2013-12-18 中国科学院合肥物质科学研究院 Method for removing endophytes from pistacia chinensis bunge seeds and quickly germinating pistacia chinensis bunge seeds
CN102771392A (en) * 2012-07-19 2012-11-14 巴中市光雾山植物研究所 Tissue culture and rapid propagation process of Chinese Pistache
CN103053421A (en) * 2013-01-07 2013-04-24 河南科技大学 Chinese pistache rapid propagation method
CN103053421B (en) * 2013-01-07 2015-06-24 河南科技大学 Chinese pistache rapid propagation method
CN104170641A (en) * 2014-09-04 2014-12-03 成都龙华山桐子能源科技有限公司 Breeding method for Idesea polycarpa by utilizing lime water
CN105766131A (en) * 2016-03-11 2016-07-20 西南大学 Rapid citrus seed coat removing method
CN107318332A (en) * 2016-04-29 2017-11-07 湖南省新贵园农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of fertilizing method of Chinese pistache
CN108668815A (en) * 2018-05-22 2018-10-19 安康市振兴实业集团生物科技有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of the coptis
CN108781590A (en) * 2018-05-22 2018-11-13 安康市振兴实业集团生物科技有限公司 A kind of storage method of coptis seed

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN101305671B (en) Camellia chrysantha young anvil grafting propagating method
CN103283450B (en) Golden camellia bud seedling stock grafting propagation method
CN104855231A (en) Gingko planting method
CN104641873A (en) Carrot high-yield planting method
CN102144457A (en) Cultivation method of pistacia chinensis bunge
CN104429500A (en) Summer leaf vegetable organic production method
CN102812838A (en) Propagation method of camellia amplexicaulis cohen stuart by using shoot cutting
CN101611688A (en) The propagation method of using oil-tea young anvil to graft containerized seedlings
CN101411285A (en) Method for cultivating green asparagus with good quality and high yield
CN105875128A (en) Planting method of Chinese prickly ash
CN101536656A (en) Method of culturing of seedling and standardized planting protection of seeds of shinyleaf yellowhorn
CN100388876C (en) Five-finger fig root standarded and industrilized seed breeding planting method
CN103283436A (en) Nuisanceless planting method for cornus officinalis
CN102132655A (en) Planting method of radix clematidis
CN103503688A (en) Artificial cultivation method for traditional Chinese medicine himalayan teasel root
CN103907467A (en) Cultivation method of good-quality zelkova schneideriana seedlings
CN103650857A (en) Papaya seedling-raising and cultivating method
CN104170645A (en) Method for cultivating strong high-quality hackberry saplings
CN104322264A (en) Pollution-free cultivating method of chrysanthemum
CN105393736A (en) Planting method for semen cassia
CN104255245A (en) Fresh ginger stem root overwintered seedling breeding method
CN103650831A (en) Pepper early-stage cultivating method
CN105230424A (en) Standardized plantation method of honeysuckle
CN108718970A (en) A kind of bletilla striata and Chinese prickly ash interplanting cultural method
CN105265161A (en) Tea plantation method under the ultraviolet ray low temperature condition

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20110810

C02 Deemed withdrawal of patent application after publication (patent law 2001)