CN102144450A - Chinese yam harvesting and planting dual-purpose machine - Google Patents

Chinese yam harvesting and planting dual-purpose machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102144450A
CN102144450A CN 201110034816 CN201110034816A CN102144450A CN 102144450 A CN102144450 A CN 102144450A CN 201110034816 CN201110034816 CN 201110034816 CN 201110034816 A CN201110034816 A CN 201110034816A CN 102144450 A CN102144450 A CN 102144450A
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wedge shape
vibrating
tooth
driven shaft
vibrating disk
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CN 201110034816
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102144450B (en
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王茂成
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Zhangjiakou lush Creative Technology Limited
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王茂成
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Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of harvesting and planting machinery for agricultural products, in particular relates to a Chinese yam harvesting and planting dual-purpose machine. The soil requires to be loosened deeply before the planting of long-rootstock crops; because the crops grow deeply in the soil and especially the growing situations of Chinese yam, burdock and the like are difficultly known, most of the crops are harvested manually so as to avoid damage of the crops during the harvesting, and thus the labour intensity is high and the work efficiency is low. The technical scheme of the Chinese yam harvesting and planting dual-purpose machine disclosed by the invention is characterized by comprising a frame, a power device and a furrowing device; the upper end of a shaft sleeve of a vibrating device is assembled at the rear part of the furrowing device, and the lower end of the shaft sleeve of the vibrating device is fixedly provided with a wedge-shaped vibrating box. During the harvesting of the crops such as Chinese yams and the like, the soil at two sides of a crop ridge is dug to be loose by using the furrowing device, then the soil below or around the crop is vibrated to be loose by using the vibrating device, and finally, the crop is ejected upwards, so that the intactness of the crop in the digging process is guaranteed and the work efficiency is improved greatly. The Chinese yam harvesting and planting dual-purpose machine further can be used for digging the soil to be loose by only using the furrowing device and improves the planting efficiency of the agricultural crops.

Description

The dual-purpose machine of Chinese yam results plantation
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural product results and plantation field of mechanical technique, the dual-purpose machine of a kind of specifically Chinese yam results plantation.
Background technology
On the agricultural, the isometric root crop of Chinese yam needs the degree of depth to loosen the soil before plantation, when results, because crop is positioned at soil and grows than the depths, damages crop in mining process, adopts manual work mostly.Chinese yam has another name called Chinese yam, belongs to herbaceos perennial, is rich in a large amount of starch, protein, amino acid and vitamin etc., have very high nutrition and medical value, because of the growing way of Chinese yam is difficult for grasping, dig in the process that soil takes out and very easily damage and fracture, so during results earlier by manually the soil around the Chinese yam being dug pine, carefully take out again, this working method, not only labour intensity is big, and inefficiency, waste time and energy, plant and the cost of gathering all higher.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide the dual-purpose machine of a kind of Chinese yam results plantation, be applicable to the plantation and the results of the deep-rooted plant that column is directly given birth to, solved the difficult problem of Chinese yam results.
Technical scheme of the present invention is: comprise frame, power set and trench digging device, the trench digging device is spiral helicine ditch plough or the saw cutting mechanism of revolving; The trench digging device is assemblied on the riser guide of frame, and top is connected with the hoist cable of power set lifting clutch, revolves ditch plough or saw cutting mechanism and is connected with the power take-off mechanism of power set;
Also form by vibrating device; Vibrating device is made up of wedge shape vibrating bin, preceding vibration head, after vibration plate, axle sleeve, final drive shaft, vibration component; Vibration component is made up of horizontal angular wheel, driven shaft A, driven shaft B, angular wheel C, edge profile of tooth vibrating disk A, contrate tooth profile vibrating disk; The axle sleeve upper end is assemblied in the lifting casing rear wall or the crane rear portion of trench digging device, and the lower end is installed with the wedge shape vibrating bin; Preceding vibration head is wedge shape, is connected by bolt and wedge shape vibrating bin front portion, is set with back-moving spring on the bolt, and preceding vibration head rear portion is provided with push rod, and pad is equipped with the elasticity shakeproof layer between preceding vibration head and the wedge shape vibrating bin; The after vibration prelaminar part is by elastomeric material and soft connection of wedge shape vibrating bin top, and the rear portion is connected wedge shape vibrating bin bottom by back-moving spring; After vibration plate bottom is provided with push rod; Final drive shaft passes axle sleeve, and the final drive shaft upper end links to each other with power set by belt pulley or sprocket wheel, and the wedge shape vibrating bin is stretched in the lower end; Horizontal angular wheel is fixed on the final drive shaft lower end; Be equipped with two driven shaft A and a driven shaft B on the wedge shape vibrating bin base plate, the angular wheel C of driven shaft A and driven shaft B end and the engagement of horizontal angular wheel, the other end of two driven shaft A is equipped with edge profile of tooth vibrating disk A, profile of tooth vibrating disk A edge, edge has toothed projections, and toothed projections cooperates with push rod on the after vibration plate; The other end of driven shaft B is equipped with the contrate tooth profile vibrating disk, and the end face of contrate tooth profile vibrating disk is the contact-making surface that has toothed projections, and contact-making surface cooperates with push rod on the preceding vibration head.
Another kind of technical scheme of the present invention is: comprise frame, power set and trench digging device, the trench digging device is spiral helicine ditch plough or the saw cutting mechanism of revolving; The trench digging device is assemblied on the riser guide of frame, and top is connected with the hoist cable of power set lifting clutch, revolves ditch plough or saw cutting mechanism and is connected with the power take-off mechanism of power set;
It is characterized in that: also form by vibrating device; Vibrating device is made up of wedge shape vibrating bin, preceding vibration head, after vibration plate, axle sleeve, final drive shaft, vibration component; Vibration component is made up of horizontal angular wheel, driven shaft A, angular wheel C, edge profile of tooth vibrating disk A, edge profile of tooth vibrating disk B, and the edge of edge profile of tooth vibrating disk A, edge profile of tooth vibrating disk B has toothed projections; The axle sleeve upper end is assemblied in the lifting casing rear wall or the crane rear portion of trench digging device, and the lower end is installed with the wedge shape vibrating bin; Preceding vibration head is wedge shape, is connected by bolt and wedge shape vibrating bin front portion, is set with back-moving spring on the bolt, and preceding vibration head rear portion is provided with push rod, and pad is equipped with the elasticity shakeproof layer between preceding vibration head and the wedge shape vibrating bin; The after vibration prelaminar part is by elastomeric material and soft connection of wedge shape vibrating bin top, and the rear portion is connected wedge shape vibrating bin bottom by back-moving spring; After vibration plate bottom is provided with push rod; Final drive shaft passes axle sleeve, and the final drive shaft upper end links to each other with power set by belt pulley or sprocket wheel, and the wedge shape vibrating bin is stretched in the lower end; Horizontal angular wheel cooperates with the push rod on the preceding vibration head with the coaxial final drive shaft lower end that is fixed on of edge profile of tooth vibrating disk B, the toothed projections at profile of tooth vibrating disk B edge, edge; Be equipped with two driven shaft A on the wedge shape vibrating bin base plate, the angular wheel C of driven shaft A end and the engagement of horizontal angular wheel, the driven shaft A other end is equipped with edge profile of tooth vibrating disk A, and the toothed projections at profile of tooth vibrating disk A edge, edge cooperates with the push rod on the after vibration plate.
The present invention overcomes the deficiencies in the prior art, adopt mechanical digging results, its advantage is: simple in structure, easy to use, be directly installed on tractor, agricultural seeding machine or the grain header, can adjust the digging degree of depth, be convenient to the taking-up of Chinese yam, guarantee that crop is intact in mining process, time saving and energy saving, significantly improved the efficient of yam planting and results.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1
Fig. 2 is the wedge shape vibrating bin interior schematic diagram of the embodiment of the invention 1
Fig. 3 for the A-A of Fig. 2 of the present invention to cutaway view
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of edge profile of tooth vibrating disk A in the embodiment of the invention 1
Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram of contrate tooth profile vibrating disk in the embodiment of the invention 1
Fig. 6 is the wedge shape vibrating bin interior schematic diagram of the embodiment of the invention 2
Fig. 7 is the assembling schematic diagram of edge profile of tooth vibrating disk B in the embodiment of the invention 2
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4
Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5
Embodiment
Among the figure: vibration head, 3 after vibration plates, 4 axle sleeves, 5 final drive shafts, 6 horizontal angular wheels, 7 driven shaft A, 8 driven shaft B, 9 angular wheel C, 10 edge profile of tooth vibrating disk A, 11 contrate tooth profile vibrating disks, 12 edge profile of tooth vibrating disk B, 13 lifting casings, 14 revolve ditch plough, 15 cranes, 16 chain saws, 17 dish saws before the 1 wedge shape vibrating bin, 2.
Embodiment 1
Present embodiment is an example with the results of crops such as Chinese yam, burdock, passes through Fig. 1--Fig. 5 the present invention includes frame, power set and trench digging device as can be known, and the trench digging device of present embodiment is that three groups of helical forms that laterally are assemblied on the lifting casing 13 are revolved ditch plough 14; Lifting casing 13 is assemblied on the riser guide of frame, can move up and down along guide rail, and lifting casing 13 tops are connected with the hoist cable of power set lifting clutch; Revolving ditch plough 14 is connected with the power take-off of power set;
Vibrating device is made up of wedge shape vibrating bin 1, preceding vibration head 2, after vibration plate 3, axle sleeve 4, final drive shaft 5, vibration component; Vibration component is made up of horizontal angular wheel 6, driven shaft A 7, driven shaft B 8, angular wheel C 9, edge profile of tooth vibrating disk A 10, contrate tooth profile vibrating disk 11; Axle sleeve 4 upper ends are assemblied in the lifting casing rear wall of trench digging device, and the lower end is installed with wedge shape vibrating bin 1; Preceding vibration head 2 is wedge shape, by bolt and 1 anterior connection of wedge shape vibrating bin, is set with back-moving spring on the bolt, and preceding vibration head 2 rear portions are provided with push rod, and pad is equipped with the elasticity shakeproof layer between preceding vibration head 2 and the wedge shape vibrating bin 1; After vibration plate 3 front portions are by elastomeric material and soft connection of wedge shape vibrating bin 1 top, and the rear portion is connected wedge shape vibrating bin 1 bottom by back-moving spring; After vibration plate 3 bottoms are provided with push rod; Final drive shaft 5 passes axle sleeve 4, and final drive shaft 5 upper ends link to each other with power set by belt pulley or sprocket wheel, and wedge shape vibrating bin 1 is stretched in the lower end; Horizontal angular wheel 6 is fixed on final drive shaft 5 lower ends; Be equipped with two driven shaft A7 and a driven shaft B 8 on wedge shape vibrating bin 1 base plate, the angular wheel C 9 of driven shaft A 7 and driven shaft B 8 ends and horizontal angular wheel 6 engagements, the other end of two driven shaft A 7 is equipped with edge profile of tooth vibrating disk A 10, profile of tooth vibrating disk A 10 edges, edge have toothed projections, and toothed projections cooperates with push rod on the after vibration plate 3; The other end of driven shaft B 8 is equipped with contrate tooth profile vibrating disk 11, and the end face of contrate tooth profile vibrating disk 11 is the contact-making surface that has toothed projections, and contact-making surface cooperates with push rod on the preceding vibration head 2.
Frame of the present invention is installed on the tractor, during use, earlier at the capable ridge of crops such as Chinese yam one end, digs a hole that slightly is deeper than the Chinese yam rhizome down, will spiral helicinely revolve ditch plough 14 and vibrating device and transfer in cheat the adjustment digging degree of depth.Power set drive and revolve ditch plough 14 rotations, and final drive shaft 5, horizontal angular wheel 6, angular wheel C 9 by vibrating device, drive driven shaft A 7, driven shaft B 8, edge profile of tooth vibrating disk A 10 and contrate tooth profile vibrating disk 11 are rotated, vibration head 2 and 3 vibrations of after vibration plate before edge profile of tooth vibrating disk A 10,11 rotations of contrate tooth profile vibrating disk promote by push rod; Tractor advances, it is loose with the soil pick of Chinese yam Hang Long both sides earlier to revolve ditch plough 14, because vibrating device is a little less than the Chinese yam crop, when vibrating device process Chinese yam crop below, before vibration head 2, after vibration plate 3 pine that respectively soil of Chinese yam below and periphery shaken, along with vibrating device moves ahead, the inclined-plane of wedge shape vibrating bin 1 gets final product the Chinese yam jack-up that makes progress by manually extracting.
Embodiment 2
From Fig. 6---Fig. 7 is as can be known, as different from Example 1, vibration component in the present embodiment is made up of horizontal angular wheel 6, driven shaft A 7, angular wheel C 9, edge profile of tooth vibrating disk A 10, edge profile of tooth vibrating disk B 12, and the edge of edge profile of tooth vibrating disk A 10, edge profile of tooth vibrating disk B 12 has toothed projections; Horizontal angular wheel 6 and edge profile of tooth vibrating disk B 12 coaxial final drive shaft 5 lower ends that are fixed on, the toothed projections at profile of tooth vibrating disk B 12 edges, edge cooperates with push rod on the preceding vibration head 2; Be equipped with two driven shaft A 7 on wedge shape vibrating bin 1 base plate, the angular wheel C 9 of driven shaft A 7 ends and horizontal angular wheel 6 engagements, driven shaft A 7 other ends are equipped with edge profile of tooth vibrating disk A 10, and the toothed projections at profile of tooth vibrating disk A 10 edges, edge cooperates with the push rod on the after vibration plate 3.When edge profile of tooth vibrating disk B 12 and edge profile of tooth vibrating disk A 10 rotations, promote to drive preceding vibration head 2 and 3 vibrations of after vibration plate respectively by push rod.
Embodiment 3
As can be seen from Figure 8, different with embodiment 1 and embodiment 2 is that the trench digging device in the present embodiment is a saw cutting mechanism---chain saw 16; Three groups of chain saws 16 laterally are assemblied on the crane 15; Crane 15 is assemblied on the riser guide of frame, and crane 15 can be along lifting rail, and crane 15 tops are connected with the hoist cable of power set lifting clutch; The head sprocket of chain saw 16 is connected with the power output wheel of power set respectively; Axle sleeve 4 upper ends of vibrating device are fixed on crane 15 rear portions.During use,, dig a hole that slightly is deeper than the Chinese yam rhizome down, chain saw 16 and vibrating device are transferred to the hole, adjust the digging degree of depth, utilize chain saw 16, carry out digging operation at both sides, crop row ridge trench digging earlier at the capable ridge of crops such as Chinese yam one end.
Embodiment 4
As can be seen from Figure 9, as different from Example 3, the trench digging device in the present embodiment is three groups of dish saw saw cutting mechanisms, and dish saw 17 laterally is assemblied on the crane, and dish saw 17 is assemblied on the power take-off of power set; Axle sleeve 4 upper ends of vibrating device are fixed on the crane rear portion.
Embodiment 5
Present embodiment loosening the soil during with crop such as plantation Chinese yam etc. is operating as example, utilizes the spiral helicine ditch plough trench digging device operation of loosening the soil of revolving; As can be seen from Figure 10, with embodiment 1---what embodiment 4 was different is, in the present embodiment on lifting casing 13 laterally assembling revolve ditch plough 14 for two groups, and unload vibrating device.Under the drive of tractor, move ahead, revolve ditch plough 14 rotations soil pick pine.

Claims (2)

1. the dual-purpose machine of Chinese yam results plantation comprises frame, power set and trench digging device, and the trench digging device is spiral helicine ditch plough (14) or the saw cutting mechanism of revolving; The trench digging device is assemblied on the riser guide of frame, and top is connected with the hoist cable of power set lifting clutch, revolves ditch plough (14) or saw cutting mechanism and is connected with the power take-off mechanism of power set;
It is characterized in that: also form by vibrating device; Vibrating device is made up of wedge shape vibrating bin (1), preceding vibration head (2), after vibration plate (3), axle sleeve (4), final drive shaft (5), vibration component; Vibration component is made up of horizontal angular wheel (6), driven shaft A (7), driven shaft B (8), angular wheel C (9), edge profile of tooth vibrating disk A (10), contrate tooth profile vibrating disk (11); Axle sleeve (4) upper end is assemblied in the lifting casing rear wall or the crane rear portion of trench digging device, and the lower end is installed with wedge shape vibrating bin (1); Preceding vibration head (2) is wedge shape, is connected by bolt and wedge shape vibrating bin (1) front portion, is set with back-moving spring on the bolt, and preceding vibration head (2) rear portion is provided with push rod, and pad is equipped with the elasticity shakeproof layer between preceding vibration head (2) and the wedge shape vibrating bin (1); After vibration plate (3) is anterior by elastomeric material and wedge shape vibrating bin (1) the soft connection of top, and the rear portion is connected wedge shape vibrating bin (1) bottom by back-moving spring; After vibration plate (3) bottom is provided with push rod; Final drive shaft (5) passes axle sleeve (4), and final drive shaft (5) upper end links to each other with power set by belt pulley or sprocket wheel, and wedge shape vibrating bin (1) is stretched in the lower end; Horizontal angular wheel (6) is fixed on final drive shaft (5) lower end; Be equipped with two driven shaft A (7) and a driven shaft B (8) on wedge shape vibrating bin (1) base plate, the angular wheel C (9) of driven shaft A (7) and driven shaft B (8) end and horizontal angular wheel (6) engagement, the other end of two driven shaft A (7) is equipped with edge profile of tooth vibrating disk A (10), edge profile of tooth vibrating disk A (10) edge has toothed projections, and toothed projections cooperates with push rod on the after vibration plate (3); The other end of driven shaft B (8) is equipped with contrate tooth profile vibrating disk (11), and the end face of contrate tooth profile vibrating disk (11) is the contact-making surface that has toothed projections, and contact-making surface cooperates with push rod on the preceding vibration head (2).
2. the dual-purpose machine of Chinese yam results plantation comprises frame, power set and trench digging device, and the trench digging device is spiral helicine ditch plough (14) or the saw cutting mechanism of revolving; The trench digging device is assemblied on the riser guide of frame, and top is connected with the hoist cable of power set lifting clutch, revolves ditch plough (14) or saw cutting mechanism and is connected with the power take-off mechanism of power set;
It is characterized in that: also form by vibrating device; Vibrating device is made up of wedge shape vibrating bin (1), preceding vibration head (2), after vibration plate (3), axle sleeve (4), final drive shaft (5), vibration component; Vibration component is made up of horizontal angular wheel (6), driven shaft A (7), angular wheel C (9), edge profile of tooth vibrating disk A (10), edge profile of tooth vibrating disk B (12), and the edge of edge profile of tooth vibrating disk A (10), edge profile of tooth vibrating disk B (12) has toothed projections; Axle sleeve (4) upper end is assemblied in the lifting casing rear wall or the crane rear portion of trench digging device, and the lower end is installed with wedge shape vibrating bin (1); Preceding vibration head (2) is wedge shape, is connected by bolt and wedge shape vibrating bin (1) front portion, is set with back-moving spring on the bolt, and preceding vibration head (2) rear portion is provided with push rod, and pad is equipped with the elasticity shakeproof layer between preceding vibration head (2) and the wedge shape vibrating bin (1); After vibration plate (3) is anterior by elastomeric material and wedge shape vibrating bin (1) the soft connection of top, and the rear portion is connected wedge shape vibrating bin (1) bottom by back-moving spring; After vibration plate (3) bottom is provided with push rod; Final drive shaft (5) passes axle sleeve (4), and final drive shaft (5) upper end links to each other with power set by belt pulley or sprocket wheel, and wedge shape vibrating bin (1) is stretched in the lower end; Horizontal angular wheel (6) and coaxial final drive shaft (5) lower end that is fixed on of edge profile of tooth vibrating disk B (12), the toothed projections at edge profile of tooth vibrating disk B (12) edge cooperates with push rod on the preceding vibration head (2); Be equipped with two driven shaft A (7) on wedge shape vibrating bin (1) base plate, the angular wheel C (9) of driven shaft A (7) end and horizontal angular wheel (6) engagement, driven shaft A (7) other end is equipped with edge profile of tooth vibrating disk A (10), and the toothed projections at edge profile of tooth vibrating disk A (10) edge cooperates with push rod on the after vibration plate (3).
CN2011100348162A 2011-01-25 2011-01-25 Chinese yam harvesting and planting dual-purpose machine Active CN102144450B (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102918983A (en) * 2012-12-05 2013-02-13 黄燕玲 Chinese yam harvester
CN103975683A (en) * 2014-04-30 2014-08-13 王茂成 Root crop harvesting machine
CN106471987A (en) * 2015-12-30 2017-03-08 河北饶鑫金属制品有限公司 Excavating gear and the yam planting excavator applying this device
CN106717565A (en) * 2016-11-28 2017-05-31 安顺黄果树风景名胜区昊馨果蔬种植基地 A kind of Chinese yam method for digging
CN112743776A (en) * 2020-12-28 2021-05-04 郭佳园 Plastic mold for producing mobile phone power adapter and production process
CN114097397A (en) * 2021-12-02 2022-03-01 华北水利水电大学 Vibrating type Chinese yam harvester and Chinese yam harvesting method

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2655615Y (en) * 2003-10-13 2004-11-17 李善文 Harvester for potato
CN2702599Y (en) * 2004-06-07 2005-06-01 江苏大学 Machine for digging Chinese yam
CN201491505U (en) * 2009-09-14 2010-06-02 济南大学 Intelligent yam harvester
CN202077378U (en) * 2011-01-25 2011-12-21 王茂成 Chinese yam harvesting and planting dual-purpose machine

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2655615Y (en) * 2003-10-13 2004-11-17 李善文 Harvester for potato
CN2702599Y (en) * 2004-06-07 2005-06-01 江苏大学 Machine for digging Chinese yam
CN201491505U (en) * 2009-09-14 2010-06-02 济南大学 Intelligent yam harvester
CN202077378U (en) * 2011-01-25 2011-12-21 王茂成 Chinese yam harvesting and planting dual-purpose machine

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102918983A (en) * 2012-12-05 2013-02-13 黄燕玲 Chinese yam harvester
CN103975683A (en) * 2014-04-30 2014-08-13 王茂成 Root crop harvesting machine
CN103975683B (en) * 2014-04-30 2015-11-18 王茂成 Root-tuber crop harvester
CN106471987A (en) * 2015-12-30 2017-03-08 河北饶鑫金属制品有限公司 Excavating gear and the yam planting excavator applying this device
CN106471987B (en) * 2015-12-30 2020-06-09 河北博友金属制品有限公司 Digging device and Chinese yam planting digging machine applying same
CN106717565A (en) * 2016-11-28 2017-05-31 安顺黄果树风景名胜区昊馨果蔬种植基地 A kind of Chinese yam method for digging
CN112743776A (en) * 2020-12-28 2021-05-04 郭佳园 Plastic mold for producing mobile phone power adapter and production process
CN114097397A (en) * 2021-12-02 2022-03-01 华北水利水电大学 Vibrating type Chinese yam harvester and Chinese yam harvesting method

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Effective date of registration: 20151117

Address after: West Sichuan new road 075000 Zhangjiakou city in Hebei province Xin Ying Fang Bridge No. 1 District No. 11 3 unit 1 layer 101

Patentee after: Zhangjiakou lush Creative Technology Limited

Address before: 075000 Zhangjiakou province Hebei City Qiaoxi District offering wind Taiwan Street West Yu District 5 Building 2 unit 401 room

Patentee before: Wang Maocheng