CN102144102A - Releasable locking mechanism - Google Patents

Releasable locking mechanism Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102144102A
CN102144102A CN2009801346038A CN200980134603A CN102144102A CN 102144102 A CN102144102 A CN 102144102A CN 2009801346038 A CN2009801346038 A CN 2009801346038A CN 200980134603 A CN200980134603 A CN 200980134603A CN 102144102 A CN102144102 A CN 102144102A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cleat
post
split ring
means
housing
Prior art date
Application number
CN2009801346038A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
F·凯林
V·萨布拉曼亚姆
Original Assignee
芬奎威尔公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US12/168,809 priority Critical patent/US20090185853A1/en
Priority to US12/168,809 priority
Priority to US12/358,667 priority patent/US20090199375A1/en
Priority to US12/358,667 priority
Application filed by 芬奎威尔公司 filed Critical 芬奎威尔公司
Priority to PCT/US2009/049721 priority patent/WO2010005911A2/en
Publication of CN102144102A publication Critical patent/CN102144102A/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63CSKATES; SKIS; ROLLER SKATES; DESIGN OR LAYOUT OF COURTS, RINKS OR THE LIKE
    • A63C17/00Roller skates; Skate-boards
    • A63C17/01Skateboards
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43CFASTENINGS OR ATTACHMENTS OF FOOTWEAR; LACES IN GENERAL
    • A43C15/00Non-skid devices or attachments
    • A43C15/16Studs or cleats for football or like boots
    • A43C15/161Studs or cleats for football or like boots characterised by the attachment to the sole
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63CSKATES; SKIS; ROLLER SKATES; DESIGN OR LAYOUT OF COURTS, RINKS OR THE LIKE
    • A63C17/00Roller skates; Skate-boards
    • A63C17/01Skateboards
    • A63C17/017Production or mounting thereof
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING
    • B63B35/00Vessels or like floating structures adapted for special purposes
    • B63B35/73Other vessels or like floating structures for pleasure or sport
    • B63B35/79Surf-boards, e.g. sailboards
    • B63B35/7906Construction or shape of the boards
    • B63B35/7909Construction or shape of the boards characterised by the arrangement of constructive parts made predominantly of plastics, e.g. layers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING
    • B63B35/00Vessels or like floating structures adapted for special purposes
    • B63B35/73Other vessels or like floating structures for pleasure or sport
    • B63B35/79Surf-boards, e.g. sailboards
    • B63B35/7906Construction or shape of the boards
    • B63B35/7926Fins, keels or steering devices acting on water
    • B63B35/793Fixations for fins which do not normally move during sailing, e.g. fixations that can be slidably set before sailing

Abstract

Devices and methods based upon the concept of a split ring (604) having certain multiple interior angles (624a, 624b) to engage a stem or post (600) having annular ring(s) with angular geometries that are complimentary to those of the split ring. The disclosure provides designs for a wide range of insertion and desertion forces between latch engagement stems and latch engagement bodies. Changes to insertion contact angles and contact area on engagement stems and corresponding changes to insertion contact angles and contact area on engagement stems and corresponding changes to insertion contact angles and engagement areas on engagement bodies can significantly modify insertion forces required to engage various devices. Similarly, changes in degrees of angle between desertion angles and contact areas on engagement stems with corresponding changes in desertion angles and contact areas on engagement bodies will significantly modify the total desertion forces required to disengage various devices. Accordingly, the instant latching mechanism provides insertion and desertion forces that can be controlled independently of each other.

Description

易打开的闭锁机构 Easy open latch mechanism

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 这里提供利用锁紧力将一个装置紧固到另一个目标上的机构。 [0001] there is provided the use of a locking device secured to a force on another object means. 背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 船只甲板的使用者将尾翼(fins)紧固到甲板上一般只有两种方法。 User [0002] The tail ship deck (FINS) is fastened to the deck only two general methods. 具体地说,用户必须用一组螺钉或者摁扣(snap)机构来固定尾翼。 Specifically, the user must use a set of screws or a snap (SNAP) fixed fin means. 螺钉方法可能让船只使用者操作起来相当费时。 Screw method may allow the user to operate the vessel quite time-consuming. 另外,螺钉和摁扣机构可能需要使用多个活动部件,这些部件易于生锈、失灵和应力疲劳。 Further, screws and snap mechanism may require the use of a plurality of active components which are easily to rust, stress and fatigue failure.

[0003] 如现有技术中所述的尖跟(toe and heel)闭锁机构通常具有带前端的尾翼,该前端具有楔入尾翼箱的前端的棘爪(detent)或者其他部件,从而将它锁定入位。 [0003] As in the prior art with the tip (toe and heel) with a latching mechanism typically has a tail of a front end, the front end has a detent (detent) or other components of the front end of the fin box of wedging, so as to lock it into place. 尾翼的后部是弹簧销(latch),借此可以用线性弹簧将尾翼的后部锁在尾翼箱里。 Rear wing is a spring pin (latch), whereby the rear portion of the linear spring may be locked in the tail fin box. 位于弹簧一端的线圈移动到尾翼箱内的空腔位置。 Movement of the spring coil to the tail end of the tank a cavity location. 弹簧的张力将弹簧线圈保持在尾翼箱的后部棘爪中,以便尾翼啮合到位。 The spring tension coil spring held in the rear portion of the pawl in the fin box so that the fin snaps into place.

[0004] 尖跟闭锁机构易于失灵,因为锁紧力与船只的底部平面水平。 [0004] with the tip of the locking mechanism is easy to fail, because the plane horizontal bottom locking force and ships. 其他的尖跟变体具有不带弹簧的闭锁机构。 Other variants have sharp with no latching mechanism with a spring. 通常,尖用T形槽或者其他结构锁定到位。 Typically, a T-slot locking tip or other structures in place. 尾翼通常具有一般与尾翼箱成90度的前销,或者其他固定件。 Tail fin box generally having a generally 90 degrees to the front pin or other fastener. 该销向下移动到锁位槽里,然后尾翼被向前推,以便尾翼的尖被锁定到位。 The pin is moved downward into the capture slot, and the tail is pushed forward, so that the fin tip is locked in place. 尾翼后部的另一个棘爪,或者另一个T形销或者类似的锁位件,向下移动到尾翼箱的槽里,并且被垂直移动的手柄或者圆柱位置(cylindrically positioned) 的凸轮杆锁住。 Another pawl rear fin, or another T-shaped pin or similar locking element position, is moved down into the slot in the fin box, and is vertically movable handle or cylinder position (cylindrically positioned) locking cam rod .

[0005] 在上述变体中,最终用户通常必须沿水平面提供反作用力,以分离闭锁机构。 [0005] In the variant, the end user will normally have to provide a reaction force in the horizontal plane, in order to disengage the locking mechanism. 这不受欢迎的原因在于在多个船只情形中,用户可能遭受来自环境的这种横向冲击力,例如,船只尾翼可能因与巨藻、暗礁、绳索、木头、沙滩、其他船只、等等接触而遭受这种横向冲击力, 这种接触可能引发不希望有的局部或者完全的尾翼脱扣。 The reason for this is that in multiple vessels undesirable situations, users may suffer from this lateral impact force from the environment, for example, may be due to tail boats, other vessels, and so contact with the kelp, reef, rope, wood, beach suffered such lateral impact, this contact may lead to undesirable partial or complete empennage trip. 因此,现有技术的尾翼固定系统容易出现机械故障和通用故障,并且也可能太复杂,以致无法让用户快速且有效地更换备选尾翼,以适应特定环境。 Thus, prior art systems fixed wing and prone to mechanical failure general fault, and possibly also too complex can not allow users to quickly and efficiently replace the tail Alternatively, to accommodate the particular environment.

[0006] 用在鞋子上的常规的抓地结构使用多个固定到鞋底上的单独的抓地元件,例如防滑钉。 [0006] used in conventional shoe structures used to grip a plurality of separate traction element is fixed to the sole, e.g. cleat. 单独的防滑钉通常必须用螺钉固定到鞋底里,这需要很多时间。 Individual typically must cleat secured to the sole in the screw, which requires a lot of time. 此外,由于螺钉可能松动,因此使用螺旋机构将防滑钉紧固到鞋底上不太理想。 Further, since the screws may loosen, thus securing the cleat to the sole use of less desirable screw mechanism. 最后,常规设计通常使用金属固定元件,它使鞋的重量大大增加。 Finally, conventional designs typically using a metal fixing member, so that it greatly increases the weight of the shoe.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0007] 这里公开的实施方式涉及可用于将装置固定到对象上的固定装置。 [0007] The embodiments disclosed herein relates to a fixing means for fixing the device on the object. 在第一方面中,这里公开的实施方式涉及将装置固定到对象上的固定机构。 In a first aspect, embodiments disclosed herein relate to a fixing means to fixing means on the object. 这里公开的固定机构包括配置为用于装配在所述装置被固定于其上的对象的空腔内的装置插座。 Fixing means disclosed herein comprises means configured for fitting within the cavity of the receptacle means on the object is secured thereto a. 装置插座可能包括带有内腔的壳体。 A housing having receptacle means may comprise a lumen. 该内腔可能被配置用来安放所述装置。 The lumen may be configured for housing said means. 该装置固定机构还包括具有顶部和底部的装置,底部包括具有环形凹槽的立柱。 The apparatus further comprises a fixing mechanism means having a top and a bottom, the bottom including a post having an annular groove. 在某些实施方式中,所述装置可能包括用于将立柱的环形凹槽保持在装置插座内的固定位置中的闭锁装置,其中在立柱插入装置插座内之前,闭锁装置要么位于立柱上,要么位于装置插座的内腔内。 In certain embodiments, the device may include an annular groove for fixing the position of the post is maintained within the receptacle in the device locking device, wherein the pillar means prior to insertion within the socket, the locking device is located either on the column or means located within the lumen of the receptacle. 在某些实施方式中,闭锁装置可以是弹簧,例如开口环簧、线圈悬臂弹簧、开口销立柱、等等。 In certain embodiments, the locking means may be a spring, for example, the split ring spring, cantilever spring coil, cotter pins column, and the like.

[0008] 在第一方面的一个实施方式中,装置插座可以包括具有孔的开口环簧,其中开口环簧的孔的直径等于立柱的环形凹槽的直径,并且开口环簧的孔的直径可以膨胀到到立柱的外缘的直径的尺寸。 [0008] In an embodiment of the first aspect, the device receptacle can include a split ring spring with a hole, wherein the diameter of the hole of the split ring spring is equal to the diameter of the annular groove of the post, and the diameter of the orifice ring opening of the spring can be expansion of the size of the outer edge of the column diameter.

[0009] 在第一方面的某些实施方式中,装置插座也可以包括带有孔的壳体盖,其中孔的直径等于立柱的外缘的直径。 [0009] In certain embodiments of the first aspect, the apparatus may include a receptacle housing cover with an aperture, wherein the aperture diameter equal to the diameter of the outer edge of the column. 在某些实施方式中,开口环簧和壳体盖位于壳体的内腔内,并且壳体盖和壳体基座被连接在一起,例如,可松开地连接或者整体上连接。 In certain embodiments, the split ring spring and the housing lid located within the cavity of the housing, and the housing cover and the housing base are connected together, for example, or can be releasably connected to the integrally connected.

[0010] 在某些实施方式中,限定立柱的环形凹槽的边缘有一定的角度。 [0010] In certain embodiments, the annular recess defining an edge of the post are angled. 在某些实施方式中,限定开口环的孔的边缘也有一定的角度,以便限定立柱的环形凹槽的边缘和限定开口环的孔的边缘的角度互补。 In certain embodiments, the openings defined by the edges of the ring have a certain angle, so as to define the edge of the aperture angle of the annular groove of the post and defining the edge of the split ring are complementary. 在某些实施方式中,环形凹槽的角度决定着闭锁装置的强度。 In certain embodiments, the angle determines the strength of the annular groove of the locking device.

[0011] 在第一方面的某些实施方式中,立柱可以是开口立柱,其中开口立柱具有开口,开口被配置用来能够将开口立柱压缩到可以安放到壳体插座的内腔里。 [0011] In certain embodiments of the first aspect, the pillar may be a split post, wherein the post has an opening opening that is configured to be able to compress the split post to be mounted to the socket housing in the lumen.

[0012] 在第一方面的某些实施方式中,所述装置可以是防滑钉,所述对象可以是鞋。 [0012] In certain embodiments of the first aspect, the apparatus may be a cleat, the object may be a shoe. 在其他实施方式中,所述装置可以是尾翼,而所述对象可以是船只。 In other embodiments, the means may be a fin, and the object may be a ship. 在某些实施方式中,所述装置可以是滑板板面,而所述对象可以是滑板滚轮。 In certain embodiments, the means may be a skateboard deck, and the object may be a skateboard wheel. 在某些实施方式中,所述装置和对象可以是家具的部件。 In certain embodiments, the device and the object may be a part of the furniture.

[0013] 在第二方面中,这里公开的实施方式涉及包括鞋底的鞋。 [0013] In a second aspect, embodiments disclosed herein relates to a shoe sole. 鞋底可以包括固定到鞋底部的第一部分,鞋底的第一部分具有至少一个被配置用来安放装置插座的空腔。 The sole may include a first part fixed to the sole portion, the sole having a first portion configured to be placed at least one device receptacle cavity. 鞋还包括装置插座,装置插座包括壳体、开口环簧和壳体盖,其中开口环簧和壳体盖位于壳体的内腔内。 Shoe means further comprises receptacle means comprises a receptacle housing, the split ring spring and a housing lid, wherein the split ring spring and the housing lid located within the cavity of the housing. 鞋也可以包括具有顶部和底部的防滑钉,其中顶部包括立柱。 It may also include a shoe cleat having a top and a bottom, wherein the top comprises a post. 立柱可以具有环形凹槽,其中立柱的环形凹槽的直径小于立柱的外缘的直径。 Pillar may have an annular groove, wherein the annular groove of the post diameter smaller than the diameter of the outer edge of the column.

[0014] 在第二方面的某些实施方式中,装置插座可以包括具有孔的开口环簧,其中开口环簧的孔的直径等于立柱的环形凹槽的直径,并且开口环簧的孔的直径可以膨胀到到立柱的外缘的直径的尺寸。 [0014] In certain embodiments of the second aspect, the device receptacle can include a split ring spring with a hole, wherein the opening diameter of the aperture ring spring equal to the diameter of the annular groove of the post, and the opening diameter of the orifice ring spring to be expanded to the diameter of the outer periphery of the post.

[0015] 在第二方面的某些实施方式中,装置插座还包括带有孔的壳体盖,其中孔的直径等于立柱的外缘的直径。 [0015] Certain embodiments of the second aspect, the device further comprises a receptacle housing cover with an aperture, wherein the aperture diameter equal to the diameter of the outer edge of the column.

[0016] 在第二方面的某些实施方式中,开口环簧和壳体盖位于壳体的内腔内。 [0016] In certain embodiments of the second aspect of the embodiment, the split ring spring and the housing lid located within the cavity of the housing.

[0017] 在第二方面的某些实施方式中,限定立柱的环形凹槽的边缘有一定的角度。 [0017] In certain embodiments of the second aspect of the embodiment, the annular recess defining an edge of the post are angled. 在某些实施方式中,限定开口环的孔的边缘也有一定的角度,以便限定立柱的环形凹槽的边缘的角度和限定开口环的孔的边缘的角度互补。 In certain embodiments, the openings defined by the edges of the ring have a certain angle, so as to define an annular groove angle of the edge of the post hole and defining the angle of the edge of the split ring are complementary.

[0018] 在一个实施方式中,可拆卸的防滑钉装置具有被配置用来提供抓地性的顶部,顶部具有平顶的锥形防滑钉以及从顶部开始延伸并延伸到防滑钉主体里的垂直开口,例如圆孔。 [0018] In one embodiment, the removable cleat device having a top configured to provide traction, the top having a tapered stud extending from the flat top and the top of the body and extending in the vertical cleat openings, for example circular holes. 此外,防滑钉装置具有被固定到顶部上并且被配置用来插入插座中的底部。 Moreover, the cleat device having a top secured to the bottom and configured for insertion into the socket. 底部具有带环形凹槽的立柱,用于将可拆卸的防滑钉装置可靠地锁定到插座里,环形凹槽可以是水平的或者无螺纹的。 Column with a bottom having an annular groove for the removable cleat device into the receptacle securely lock, the annular groove may be horizontal or non-threaded.

[0019] 在另一个实施方式中,可拆卸的防滑钉装置包括被配置用来提供抓地性的顶部, 该顶部具有带平顶的锥形防滑钉,防滑钉具有从防滑钉的侧面开始延伸并穿过防滑钉主体的侧孔。 [0019] In another embodiment, the apparatus comprises a removable cleat start to extend from the side of the cleat is configured to provide the top of the grip, the top portion having a tapered cleat with a flat top, having a cleat and through the side hole cleat body. 此外,可拆卸的防滑钉具有被固定到顶部上并且被配置用来插入插座中的底部。 In addition, the removable cleat inserted into the socket having a bottom is fixed to the top and is configured to. 底部包括带环形凹槽的立柱,用于将可拆卸的防滑钉装置可靠地锁定到插座里,环形凹槽可以是水平的或者无螺纹的。 Post comprising a bottom with an annular groove for the removable cleat device into the receptacle securely lock, the annular groove may be horizontal or non-threaded.

[0020] 在另一个实施方式中,拔出装置具有带管状顶部的手柄以及被固定到手柄上的圆柱形底部,手柄用来施加可靠的向下的力,以从插座中拔出防滑钉。 [0020] In another embodiment, the extraction device having a handle with a top and a cylindrical tubular bottom portion is secured to the handle, the handle and reliable for applying a downward force to pull out the stud from the socket. 此外,拔出装置还具有带插入销的弯曲延伸部分。 In addition, the extraction apparatus having a further curved portion of the belt extending pin is inserted. 插入销可以被配置用来装配到防滑钉的侧面拔出孔里,以允许从插座中拔出防滑钉。 The insertion pin may be configured to fit into the side of the stud pull the hole to allow the extraction of the cleat from the receptacle. 此外,拔出装置具有位于手柄至少一侧内的凹坑,如果凹坑放在防滑钉的顶部上并且被向下推到装置插座里时,它会将防滑钉锁定到位。 Further, the extraction apparatus having at least one side of the pit within the handle, if the pit is placed on top of the cleat and is pushed down into the device socket, it will lock the cleat into place.

[0021] 在另一个实施方式中,拔出装置具有带管状顶部的手柄,手柄被配置用来允许角旋转,以从被垂直固定到中间部分上的插座中拔出防滑钉。 [0021] In another embodiment, the extraction device having a handle with a tubular top section of the handle is configured to permit angular rotation to be vertically fixed to the intermediate portion of the cleat receptacle removed. 此外,拔出装置还具有被固定到中间部分上的插入销,并且插入销被配置成向下装配到防滑钉的垂直拔出孔里,从而使防滑钉与插座分离。 Moreover, further comprising extraction means is secured to the intermediate portion of the insertion pin and insert pin is configured to fit downward into a vertical extraction hole in the stud, so that the receptacle cleat separated. 另外,当手柄角旋转时,拔出装置的手柄可以用向下的力使防滑钉与插座分离。 Further, when the rotation angle of the handle, the handle can be removed means that the stud with the receptacle separated downward force. 此外,拔出装置还具有位于手柄侧面的插入凹坑,当它放在防滑钉顶部上并且被向下推到插座里时,它会将防滑钉锁定到位。 Moreover, further comprising insertion means pull the handle side of the pit, when it is placed on top of the cleat and is pushed down into the receptacle, it will lock the cleat into place.

[0022] 在另一个实施方式中,可拆卸的防滑钉装置具有带沟槽的圆形表面,沟槽从中心开口向外延伸到外缘。 [0022] In another embodiment, a removable cleat device having a surface with a circular groove, a groove extending outward from the central opening to the outer edge. 此外,圆形表面具有弯曲的外缘和从第一部分的顶部开始延伸并穿过底部的一段的中心开口。 Further, the surface having a circular outer edge and a central curved first portion extending from the top and through the bottom of the opening section. 此外,防滑钉装置具有被配置用来将被插入到插座中的底部,底部包括具有无螺纹的环形凹槽的立柱,用于将可拆卸的防滑钉装置可靠地锁定到插座里。 Further, the device has a cleat configured to be inserted into the bottom of the socket, comprising a post having an unthreaded bottom annular groove for the removable cleat device into the receptacle securely lock.

[0023] 在一个实施方式中,可拆卸的防滑钉装置包括被配置用来提供抓地性的第一部分,第一部分具有多个L形的侧臂和向上延伸的斜缘,这些斜缘被配置成围绕中心短柱向上弯曲。 [0023] In one embodiment, the apparatus comprises a removable cleat configured to provide a first part of the grip, a first portion of the plurality of L-shaped side arms having beveled edges and extending upwardly, which beveled edges are arranged to surround the central stub bent upward. 中心短柱可以被斜削,并且具有从中心短柱的顶部开始延伸并穿过第二部分的一段的拔出孔。 Central stub may be beveled, with the withdrawal opening and extending from the top of the central stub section and through the second portion. 可拆卸的该装置包括被配置用来将被插入到插座中的第二部分,第二部分具有带环形凹槽的立柱,用于将可拆卸的防滑钉装置可靠地锁定到插座里,环形凹槽可以是无螺纹的或者水平的。 The apparatus comprises a detachable configured to be inserted into a second receptacle portion, the second portion having a post with an annular groove for the removable cleat device into the receptacle securely lock the annular recess grooves may be unthreaded or horizontal.

[0024] 在一个实施方式中,插座装置具有棘爪,棘爪被配置用来使防滑钉保持适当对齐,并防止防滑钉在插座装置内的内腔的顶上旋转。 [0024] In one embodiment, the receptacle means having a pawl configured to cause the cleat to maintain proper alignment and prevent rotation of the top cleat lumen within the receptacle means. 内腔被配置用来从防滑钉容纳立柱,并且具有呈多边形(例如正方形,矩形,三角形或者八边形)的棘爪顶层。 A lumen configured to receive the post from the cleat, and having a polygonal (e.g. square, rectangular, triangular or octagonal) detent top. 重叠模压(over-molding)保持槽被配置用来将弹簧和弹簧壳体牢牢地保持在鞋底内的适当位置。 Overmolding (over-molding) the holding tank is configured to spring and spring housing firmly held in place within the sole.

[0025] 在另一个实施方式中,固定装置具有被配置用来安放防滑钉装置底部的装置插座,装置插座包括被配置用来可靠锁定并防止防滑钉装置旋转的内腔或者棘爪。 [0025] In another embodiment, the fixing means having a means for accommodating a socket is arranged at the bottom of the cleat device, comprising a device receptacle configured to secure locking means and to prevent rotation of the cleat or ratchet lumen. 防滑钉装置具有被配置用来提供抓地性的顶部,包括从防滑钉装置的顶部延伸到底部的一段里的开口。 Cleat device having a top configured to provide traction, comprising extending a portion in the end of the opening in the top of the cleat device. 底部被固定到顶部上,并且被配置用来插入到不带螺纹的装置插座中。 Is secured to the bottom on top, and is configured for insertion into the socket means in a non-threaded. 内腔可以接受弹簧,以便可靠地锁定防滑钉装置,并防止它旋转,并且具有用来锁定防滑钉装置的斜边。 Lumen may accept the spring, in order to securely lock the cleat device, and prevent it from rotating, and having means for locking the cleat hypotenuse.

[0026] 在另一个实施方式中,从防滑钉插座中拔出防滑钉的方法包括将拔出装置的插入销插入到防滑钉顶部的开口里,拔出装置具有垂直于插入销的手柄和垂直延伸穿过防滑钉主体的开口。 [0026] In another embodiment, the method of extraction cleat from a cleat receptacle including inserting the pin extraction device into an opening in the top of the cleat, and a vertical extraction device having a handle perpendicular to the insertion of the pin an opening extending through the cleat body. 在插入销嵌入开口之后,使拔出装置的手柄错位第一角度(即偏离中心轴线10-15度),从而使防滑钉与防滑钉插座脱离。 After insertion of the pins fitted into the opening, the handle of the pull means a first angular offset (i.e., offset from the center axis 10-15 degrees) so that the cleat from the cleat receptacle. 防滑钉主体包括被配置用来提供抓地性的防滑钉部分和被配置用来装配到装置插座里的底部。 Cleat body includes a portion configured to provide traction cleat and configured to fit into the socket in the bottom of the device.

[0027] 在另一个实施方式中,从防滑钉插座中拔出防滑钉的方法包括将拔出装置的插入 Method [0027] In another embodiment, the pull cleat from the cleat receptacle is inserted into the extraction device comprises

7销插入到穿过防滑钉主体水平延伸的开口里。 7 pin is inserted into the opening extending through the body of the cleat's level. 将拔出装置的手柄旋转到垂直于装置插座并且施加向上或者向下的力到手柄上,以从防滑钉插座中拔出防滑钉。 Extraction means for rotating the handle to the receptacle means and perpendicular to the upward or downward force is applied to the handle to pull out from the cleat in the cleat receptacle. 防滑钉主体具有被配置用来提供抓地性的防滑钉部分和被配置用来装配到装置插座里的底部。 Cleat body having a bottom of the socket device is configured to provide a cleat partially grip and is configured to fit into.

[0028] 在另一个实施方式中,闭锁装置包括开口环,开口环具有与杆部的离开角啮合的插入角和与杆部的插入角啮合的离开角,杆部具有环形圈,环形圈具有与开口环啮合的角度、与开口环的离开角啮合的插入角、以及与开口环的插入角啮合的离开角。 [0028] In another embodiment, the locking means comprises a split ring, the split ring having an engagement portion exiting angle lever insertion angle and departure angle and insertion angle of the rod engaging portion, the stem portion has an annular ring, the annular ring having the angle of the split ring engageable with the split ring engaging the insertion angle of departure angle and insertion angle of the split ring engaging departure angle. 开口环的角度从0度到90度变化,并且立柱的角度也从0到90度变化。 Ring opening angle from 0 degrees to 90 degrees changes the angle of the column and also from 0 to 90 degrees variation. 开口环的插入角与杆部的离开角可以相同或者不同。 Angle away from the split ring insertion angle of the stem portion may be the same or different. 开口环的离开角与杆部的插入角可以相同或者不同。 Desertion angle of the split ring may be the same or different insertion angle of the rod portion. 开口环的插入角、杆部的插入角、开口环的离开角、或者开口环的离开角可以分别具有各自的直径和长度部分,用于提供不同的闭锁性质。 Ring inserted into the opening angle, the insertion angle of the rod portion, leaving the angle of the split ring, or may leave the angle of the split ring having a diameter and length of each portion, respectively, for providing different latching properties. 开口环的长度、直径和插入角与杆部的长度、直径和离开角可以不同或者相同。 Length, diameter and the insertion angle of the stem portion of the split ring, the diameter and departure angles may be different or the same. 本领域技术人员会理解杆部和开口环可以具有任何几何形状,只要它适合它想要的目的。 Those skilled in the art will appreciate that the split ring and the stem portion may have any geometry, as long as it is suitable for its purpose intended. 例如,在某些实施方式中,杆和/或开口环可以是圆形的。 For example, in certain embodiments, the stem and / or split ring may be circular. 在其他实施方式中,杆和/或开口环可以是正方形的。 In other embodiments, the stem and / or split ring may be square. 在另一些实施方式中,杆和/或开口环可以是矩形的。 In other embodiments, the stem and / or split ring may be rectangular.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0029] 根据一个或多个各种实施方式,本发明参照下列附图详细描述。 [0029] In accordance with one or more various embodiments, the present invention is described in detail with reference to the following figures. 提供附图仅仅是为了图解说明,并且仅仅描绘本发明的典型的或者范例性的实施方式。 The drawings are only for purposes of illustration and depict only a typical embodiment or exemplary embodiments of the present invention. 提供这些附图便于读者理解本发明,并且这些附图不应看做对本发明的宽度、范围或者实用性的限制。 These drawings are provided to facilitate the reader in understanding the invention and the drawings should not be seen as limiting the breadth of the invention, or the scope of practical. 应该指出的是,为了图示的清晰和简便,这些附图没有必要按比例绘制。 It should be noted that for clarity and ease of illustration these drawings are not necessarily drawn to scale.

[0030] 这里包含的一些附图从不同视角展示了本发明的各种实施方式。 [0030] Some of the figures included herein illustrates the various embodiments of the present invention from a different perspective. 虽然附图说明可能将这些图称为“顶视图”、“底视图”或者“侧视图”,但这种称谓仅仅是叙述性的,而非暗示或者需要按特定的空间方向来实施或者利用本发明,除非有明确的描述。 BRIEF DESCRIPTION Although the drawings may be referred to as "top view", "bottom view" or "side", but this is merely descriptive title, not to imply or require a particular embodiment of the present spatial direction or by invention, unless explicitly described.

[0031] 根据以下描述和附图会更好地理解这里公开的各种实施方式的这些以及其他的部件和优点,其中相同的数字自始至终表示相同的部件,其中: [0031] The following description and drawings will be better understood and other components and advantages of various embodiments of the herein disclosed embodiments, wherein like numerals represent like parts throughout, wherein:

[0032] 图1是简图,展示了根据本发明的一个实施方式的第一版本的尾翼箱的顶部透视图。 [0032] FIG. 1 is a diagram showing a top perspective view according to a first embodiment of a version of the embodiment of the present invention, the fin box of FIG.

[0033] 图2是简图,展示了图1的第一版本的尾翼箱的底部透视图。 [0033] FIG. 2 is a diagram illustrating a bottom perspective view of a first version of the fin box of FIG.

[0034] 图3是简图,展示了根据本发明的一个实施方式的第二版本的尾翼箱的顶部透视图。 [0034] FIG. 3 is a diagram showing a top perspective view according to a second embodiment of a version of the embodiment of the present invention, the fin box of FIG.

[0035] 图4是简图,展示了图3的第二版本的尾翼箱的底部透视图。 [0035] FIG. 4 is a diagram illustrating a bottom perspective view of a second version of the fin box of FIG.

[0036] 图5是简图,展示了正在插入到根据本发明的一个实施方式的冲浪板型船只的尾翼腔中的楔形唇部或者倒钩的横截面图。 [0036] FIG. 5 is a diagram showing a cross-sectional view of being inserted into the cavity surfboard fin type according to an embodiment of the vessel according to the present invention a wedge-shaped lip or barb.

[0037] 图6是简图,展示了根据本发明的一个实施方式的第三版本的尾翼箱的顶部透视图。 [0037] FIG. 6 is a diagram showing a top perspective view according to a third embodiment of a version of the embodiment of the present invention, the fin box of FIG.

[0038] 图7是简图,展示了图6的第三版本的尾翼箱的底部透视图。 [0038] FIG. 7 is a diagram illustrating a bottom perspective view of a third version of the fin box of FIG.

[0039] 图8是简图,展示了根据本发明的一个实施方式的第四版本的尾翼箱的顶部透视图。 [0039] FIG. 8 is a diagram showing a top perspective view according to a fourth embodiment of a version of the embodiment of the present invention, the fin box of FIG.

[0040] 图9是简图,展示了图8的第四版本的尾翼箱的底部透视图。 [0040] FIG. 9 is a diagram illustrating a bottom perspective view of a fourth version of the fin box of FIG. 8. [0041] 图10是简图,展示了正在固定到尾翼箱上的尾翼的、更具体地说正在插入到根据本发明的一个实施方式的尾翼箱的尾翼孔中的尾翼的立柱的侧视图。 [0041] FIG. 10 is a diagram showing the tail being secured to the fin box, and more particularly the post is being inserted into the fin aperture side view of a fin box in the embodiment of the present invention in the tail.

[0042] 图11是简图,展示了图10的立柱和尾翼孔的横截面图,展示了立柱和尾翼孔之间的第一版本的固定方式。 [0042] FIG. 11 is a diagram showing a cross-sectional view of the post and fin aperture of Figure 10, showing a first version of the post and fin aperture between the fixing means.

[0043] 图12是简图,展示了根据本发明的一个实施方式的立柱和尾翼孔之间的第二版本的固定方式。 [0043] FIG. 12 is a diagram showing a fixed manner between the version according to a second post and fin aperture of an embodiment of the present invention.

[0044] 图13是简图,展示了根据本发明的斜置弹簧的设计范例。 [0044] FIG. 13 is a diagram illustrating the canted spring design in accordance with Examples of the present invention.

[0045] 图14是简图,展示了根据本发明的尾翼旋塞的设计范例。 [0045] FIG. 14 is a diagram showing a design example fin plug according to the present invention.

[0046] 图15是简图,展示了根据本发明的尾翼旋塞的另一个设计范例。 [0046] FIG. 15 is a diagram showing another example of the design according to the present invention the tail plug.

[0047] 图16是简图,展示了斜置的弹簧销,描绘了冲浪销在根据本发明的尾翼上的可能位置。 [0047] FIG. 16 is a diagram illustrating a canted spring pin, depicting possible surf pin locations on a fin in accordance with the present invention.

[0048] 图17是简图,展示了一个尾翼的侧视图,该尾翼具有这里公开的闭锁机构的实施方式的开口环组件。 [0048] FIG. 17 is a diagram showing a side view of a tail, the tail assembly having a split ring locking mechanism of the embodiment disclosed herein.

[0049] 图18是简图,展示了一个尾翼的侧视图,该尾翼具有这里公开的闭锁机构的实施方式的开口立柱组件。 [0049] FIG. 18 is a diagram showing a side view of a fin, the fin having a split post assembly of the embodiment of the locking mechanism disclosed herein.

[0050] 图19是简图,展示了这里公开的闭锁机构的实施方式的开口立柱组件的详图。 [0050] FIG. 19 is a diagram illustrating a detailed view of a split post assembly of an embodiment of a locking mechanism disclosed herein.

[0051] 图20是简图,展示了这里公开的闭锁机构的实施方式的滑板组件。 [0051] FIG. 20 is a diagram showing an embodiment of the slide assembly locking mechanism disclosed herein.

[0052] 图21是简图,展示了这里公开的闭锁机构的实施方式的家具组件。 [0052] FIG. 21 is a diagram showing an embodiment of the furniture assembly of the locking mechanism disclosed herein.

[0053] 图22是这里公开的闭锁机构的实施方式的分解剖视图。 [0053] FIG. 22 is an exploded view of an embodiment of a locking mechanism disclosed herein.

[0054] 图23是这里公开的闭锁机构的实施方式的剖视图。 [0054] FIG. 23 is a cross-sectional view of an embodiment of a locking mechanism disclosed herein.

[0055] 图24A和24B分别显示了这里公开的闭锁机构的实施方式使用的典型的基座壳体的顶视图和横截面图。 [0055] Figures 24A and 24B show a top view and a cross-sectional view of a typical embodiment of the base housing of the locking mechanism of the embodiment disclosed herein is used.

[0056] 图24C和24D分别显示了这里公开的闭锁机构的实施方式使用的典型的基座壳体盖的顶视图和横截面图。 [0056] FIGS. 24C and 24D show a top view and a cross-sectional view of a typical embodiment of the base housing locking mechanism disclosed herein using the cover.

[0057] 图24E和24F分别显示了这里公开的闭锁机构的实施方式使用的典型的开口环的顶视图和横截面图。 [0057] FIGS. 24E and 24F show a top view and a cross-sectional view of a typical split ring locking mechanism of the embodiment disclosed herein is used.

[0058] 图24G描绘了用于和这里公开的闭锁装置一起使用的典型装置(防滑钉)的横截面图。 [0058] FIG. 24G depicts a cross-sectional view of a typical device (cleat) and locking means disclosed herein for use together.

[0059] 图25描绘了根据这里公开的闭锁机构的一个实施方式的单个防滑钉的分解透视图。 [0059] FIG. 25 depicts an exploded perspective view of a single cleat embodiment of a locking mechanism disclosed herein.

[0060] 图沈描绘了根据这里公开的闭锁机构的一个实施方式的鞋底和多个防滑钉的分解透视图。 [0060] FIG sink depicts an exploded perspective view of a sole according to one embodiment disclosed herein a locking mechanism and a plurality of cleats.

[0061] 图27是简图,展示了典型的装置插座。 [0061] FIG. 27 is a diagram illustrating an exemplary device receptacle.

[0062] 图^A是简图,展示了带有垂直的拔出开口的典型防滑钉。 [0062] FIG. ^ A is a diagram illustrating an exemplary cleat with a vertical extraction opening.

[0063] 图^B是简图,展示了带有水平的拔出开口的典型防滑钉。 [0063] FIG ^ B is a diagram illustrating an exemplary cleat with a horizontal extraction opening.

[0064] 图四是简图,展示了典型的垂直拔出装置。 [0064] Figure IV is a diagram illustrating a typical vertical extraction apparatus.

[0065] 图30是简图,展示了典型的水平拔出装置。 [0065] FIG. 30 is a diagram illustrating a typical level extraction means.

[0066] 图31A是典型的扁平形状的防滑钉设计的前视图。 [0066] FIG 31A is a typical flat-shaped cleat design a front view.

[0067] 图31B是典型的扁平形状的防滑钉设计的ISO图。 [0067] FIG. 31B is ISO cleat typical flat-shaped design. [0068] 图32A是典型的穗状防滑钉的前视图。 [0068] FIG. 32A is a front view of a typical spike cleat.

[0069] 图32B是典型的穗状防滑钉的ISO图。 [0069] FIG. 32B is an exemplary spike cleat of ISO FIG.

[0070] 图33A是简图,展示了典型的闭锁系统。 [0070] FIG 33A is a diagram illustrating an exemplary latching system.

[0071] 图3¾是简图,展示了典型的闭锁系统的详图。 [0071] FIG 3¾ is a diagram illustrating a detail exemplary latching system.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0072] 这里公开的各实施方式涉及固定方法和装置,利用锁紧力将一个装置可靠但便于拆卸地固定到一个对象上。 [0072] The embodiments disclosed herein relate to a method and apparatus for fixing, by using a locking force to be reliable but easily removable device fixed to an object. 这里公开的固定方法和装置适用于各种对象和装置。 Fixing method and apparatus disclosed herein is applicable to various objects and devices. 如下所述,这里公开的固定方法和装置可以有利地用于将装置与对象结合在一起,其中在固定时该装置从该对象垂直延伸,并且当固定到该对象上时,很可能遭受横向冲击力。 As described below, fixing method and apparatus disclosed herein may advantageously be used in conjunction with the object means, which extends vertically from the subject when the fixing means, and, when secured to the object is likely to suffer from lateral impact force. 例如,这里公开的固定机构可用于将尾翼固定到冲浪板或者其他船只上,将防滑钉(cleat)固定到鞋子上,将滚轮(wheel truck)固定到双排轮滑鞋、单排轮滑鞋或者滑板上,将冰刀固定到溜冰鞋上,将家具部件或者其他各种成对的装置/对象固定在一起。 For example, the fixing means disclosed herein can be used to fin secured to the surfboard, or other vessel, the cleat (Cleat) fixed to the shoe, the wheel (wheel truck) is fixed to the double roller skate, inline skates or skateboards on the runner fixed to the skates, or other furniture components of various pairs of devices / objects together.

[0073] 如下所述,这里公开的某些实施方式涉及利用弹簧锁定器件(例如斜置的线圈弹簧、悬臂弹簧、开口环簧、开口销簧、等等)的固定装置和方法。 [0073] As described below, certain embodiments disclosed herein relate to apparatus and method for fixing the spring locking means (e.g. canted coil spring, cantilever spring, the split ring spring, the opening spring pin, etc.).

[0074] 在详细描述本发明之前,描述一下本发明可以实施的实施例环境是有利的。 [0074] Before describing the invention in detail, describe embodiments of the present invention may be practiced environment is advantageous. 一个这样的例子是冲浪板。 One such example is the surfboard. 冲浪板是一种与宽度相比一般较长的船只。 A surfboard is generally longer than the width vessel. 冲浪板一般形成冲浪者冲浪时可以站在上面的浮力甲板。 Surfer surfboard is generally formed to stand on the deck when the buoyant surf. 但是必须理解,冲浪板也可以用于划动,例如在坐、卧、等等时。 It must be understood, however, also be used for paddling surfboard, for example, sitting, lying, etc. when. 另外,帆之类的其他推进方法也可以固定到冲浪板上,例如用于风帆冲浪。 In addition, other methods of propulsion fan or the like may also be secured to the surfboard, such as for windsurfing. 许多现代的冲浪板可以用聚苯乙烯或者聚氨酯泡沫制成。 Many modern surfboards can be made of polystyrene or polyurethane foam. 冲浪板可以用一层或多层玻璃纤维布和聚酯或者环氧树脂之类的树脂覆盖。 Surfboard may be covered with a resin layer or layers of glass fiber cloth and polyester or an epoxy resin.

[0075] 本发明可以实施的另一个环境是鞋子的防滑钉设计。 [0075] Another embodiment of the present invention, environment can be designed shoe cleat. 位于常规防滑钉上的金属螺纹部件和鞋底中的类似部件会大大增加鞋子的重量。 Conventional skid metal nail located threaded member and the sole member like will greatly increase the weight of the shoe. 鞋子重量和运动成绩整体相关;鞋子越轻,力越小,因此运动员运动需要的能量越小。 Overall weight-related shoes and athletic performance; the lighter the shoe, the smaller force, and therefore the smaller the energy needs of athletes. 重量较轻的鞋子有助于运动员将脚和腿从一个位置更快地移动到另一个位置。 Lightweight shoes will help athletes feet and legs to move more quickly from one location to another location. 作为成绩的关键,鞋子重量是运动员公认的性质,鞋子制造商也是这么认为的。 As a key achievement, the weight of the shoe is recognized athletes nature, shoe manufacturers think so. 鞋子制造商在描述和做广告时,会将鞋子重量的减轻作为卖鞋子时与竞争者的比较点。 Shoe manufacturers in describing and advertising, will reduce the weight of shoes selling shoes as a point of comparison with competitors.

[0076] 金属防滑钉和与它们对应的金属螺纹嵌入圈(threaded inserts)可能会让穿鞋的人感到不舒服,特别是长时间穿着,因为用于制造鞋底的聚合物开始受到金属螺柱的力的作用。 [0076] The metal cleats and their corresponding threaded metal insert ring (threaded inserts) may make the wearer feel uncomfortable, especially long wearing, since the polymer begins for manufacturing soles by metallic studs action of force. 金属部件迟早会变成脚底和螺纹安装的防滑立柱(threaded cleat stud)之间更凸出的压迫点。 Sooner or later become more metal member projecting between the slip and the threaded mounting post foot (threaded cleat stud) pressure points. 这不只是不舒服,而是可能成为伤害脚的根源。 This is not only uncomfortable, but can be a source of foot injuries.

[0077] 用金属或者塑料制造的螺纹防滑钉还可以极大地限制防滑钉潜在的几何形状设计。 [0077] or a threaded metal stud may also be made of plastic cleat greatly restrict potential geometrical design. 由于螺钉的“穿入”需要,当前的防滑钉设计局限于圆锥形的几何形状。 Since the screw "penetration" required, the current limited to a conical design cleat geometry. 防滑钉形状上的备选几何形状是不切实际的。 Alternatively, the geometry of the shape of the cleat is impractical. 在将防滑钉拧入鞋底之后试图可重复地对准防滑钉是做不到的。 After the stud is screwed into sole attempt repeatable alignment of the cleat is not.

[0078] 所有的金属部件,特别是位于鞋底的金属部件,将来会暴露于含水(water-borne) 环境中的碱性和酸性物质,从而使这些部件受到腐蚀。 [0078] All metal parts, especially those located in the sole of the metal member will be exposed to an aqueous (water-borne) environment future basic and acidic substances, so that these components corrosion. 运动场上通常存在的化肥和其他化学品可能含有浓度较大的高PH(碱性)和/或低pH(酸性)盐类。 Motion field typically present fertilizer and other chemicals that may contain large concentrations of high PH (alkaline) and / or low pH (acidic) salts. 这些盐类与水气和金属一起提供使金属变质的阳极和阴极要件。 Provided that the deterioration of the metal anode and cathode elements which together with the moisture and metal salts. 最常用作防滑钉材料的钢或者黄铜板状部件非常 The most commonly used material cleat steel or brass plate-like member is

10易受电化学腐蚀的伤害。 10 susceptible to electrochemical corrosion damage.

[0079] 因此这里公开的既涉及防滑钉,又涉及防滑钉锁紧机构,它们可以位于鞋底,并且可以用各种材料制造,包括所有的塑料。 [0079] Thus disclosed herein relates to both the cleats, the cleats and directed to a locking mechanism, they may be located the sole, and may be made of various materials, including all plastic. 这些材料都不易受电化学腐蚀,因此不会因暴露于化学品、盐类或者水中而随时间变化而磨损或者变黑。 These materials are not susceptible to electrochemical corrosion, and therefore will not be exposed to chemical, salt water, or change over time wear or black.

[0080] 去除防滑钉部件中的金属使防滑钉的典型重量的影响降低了三分之二以上。 Effects [0080] removing the metal stud member so that the weight of a typical stud is reduced more than two thirds. 在已知的任何鞋款中平均有14到18个防滑钉,这一重量减少可以有意义地潜在地改进运动成绩。 Any known shoes average of cleat 14 to 18, the weight reduction can be meaningfully potentially improve sports performance.

[0081] 如上所述,这里公开的固定装置和方法的各种实施方式可以和冲浪板和其他船只一起使用。 [0081] As described above, various embodiments of the fixing apparatus and methods disclosed herein may be used with other surfboards and boats. 在某些实施方式中,这里公开的尾翼固定装置和方法是基于弹簧锁的概念。 In certain embodiments, the fin fixture and method disclosed herein is based on the concept of the latch. 在某些实施方式中,弹簧锁可以是冲浪板的一部分。 In certain embodiments, the latch may be part of the surfboard. 例如,在一个实施方式中,斜置弹簧可以是嵌入到冲浪板中的壳体的一部分。 For example, in one embodiment, the canted spring may be fitted to a portion of the housing of the surfboard. 在某些实施方式中,该壳体可以容纳一根轴,该轴可以由斜置弹簧保持在合适的位置。 In certain embodiments, the housing may accommodate a shaft, the shaft may be held by a canted spring in place. 在另一个实施方式中,斜置弹簧可以是尾翼组合的一部分。 In another embodiment, the canted spring can be part of a combination of the fin. 在某些实施方式中,这里公开的系统和方法部分基于垂直而非水平锁紧力的原理将装置固定到对象上的,例如,将尾翼装置固定到目标船只上,将防滑钉、滚轮或者刀片装置固定到鞋底上,将包括多个防滑钉的鞋尖铁片(toe plate)装置固定到鞋底上,将滚轮装置固定到滑板、家具部件等等上。 In certain embodiments, the systems and methods disclosed herein based on the vertical portion rather than horizontal locking force of the device to the principles of the subject, e.g., a tail unit fixed to the target vessel, a cleat, a blade wheel or means secured to the sole, the cleat comprising a plurality of toe iron (toe plate) fixed to the sole means, the roller means is secured to the slide, furniture parts and the like.

[0082] 有时,这里是根据典型的环境(例如水)来描述本发明的。 [0082] Sometimes, the present invention will be described here according to an exemplary environment (e.g. water). 就这些环境提供的描述允许在典型的应用环境中描绘本发明的各种特征和实施方式。 These environments is provided to allow description depict various features and embodiments of the present invention in a typical application environment. 对于本领域普通技术人员而言,在读过本说明书之后,如何在不同的和备选的环境中实施本发明会变得显而易见。 For those of ordinary skill in the art, after having read this specification, how to implement the present invention in different and alternative environments will become apparent.

[0083] 虽然这里提供的附图是为了说明船只的尾翼锁定系统、鞋子的防滑钉锁定系统、 滑板板面的滚轮闭锁机构、以及家具部件的闭锁机构,但是这里公开的和在附图中展示的特殊的实施方式只是为了解释,而不应看做对这里公开的各实施方式的范围的限制。 [0083] Although the figures provided herein for purposes of illustration tail vessel locking system, the locking shoe cleat system, the roller lock mechanism of the skateboard deck, and a latching mechanism furniture part, but disclosed herein and in the accompanying drawings show special embodiments are merely for purposes of explanation, and should not be regarded as the range of each embodiment disclosed herein limits.

[0084] 尾翼固定装置 [0084] The fin fixture

[0085] 图1-19展示了各种实施方式,其中这里公开的固定机构用于将尾翼装置固定到目标船只(例如冲浪板)上。 [0085] FIGS. 1-19 show various embodiments disclosed herein wherein the means for fixing the tail unit fixed to the target vessel (e.g. surfboard) on. 图1-9展示了4种结构的尾翼箱150、170、200和220,下面对此做进一步的详述。 Figure 1-9 shows four fin box structure 150,170,200 and 220, this further detailed below. 在某些实施方式中,在机加工或者挖刨(routing)步骤中,相应的尾翼腔可以形成在船只内,并且通过船只的外壳(例如,第一侧面)暴露,以容纳尾翼箱150、 170、200和220。 In certain embodiments, the machining or drilling plane (routing) step, the corresponding fin cavity may be formed in the vessel, and the vessel is exposed through the housing (e.g., a first side surface), to receive the fin box 150, 170 , 200 and 220. 某些实施方式还可能包括脚绳旋塞(leash plug)。 Some embodiments may also include foot rope cock (leash plug). 在某些实施方式中,保护帽可以插入尾翼孔中,以防止涂料和油漆进入尾翼孔。 In certain embodiments, the protective cap may be inserted into the fin aperture in order to prevent the fin aperture into the coatings and paints.

[0086] 如上所述,图1-9展示了4种不同版本的尾翼箱150、170、200和220。 [0086] As described above, Figures 1-9 show four different versions of the fin box 220 and 150,170,200. 图1是简图,展示了根据本发明的一个实施方式的第一版本的尾翼箱的顶部透视图。 FIG 1 is a diagram showing a top perspective view according to a first embodiment of a version of the embodiment of the present invention, the fin box of FIG. 图2是简图,展示了图1的第一版本的尾翼箱的底部透视图。 FIG 2 is a diagram illustrating a bottom perspective view of a first version of the fin box of FIG. 现参照图1和2,第一版本的尾翼箱150可以具有圆形结构。 Referring now to Figures 1 and 2, the first version of the fin box 150 may have a circular configuration. 尾翼箱150具有下部152和与下部152沿轴向对正的上部154。 A lower portion 150 of the fin box 152 having an upper portion and a lower portion 152 in axially aligned 154. 下部152 可以具有形成在下部152的圆柱形外表面158上的粗螺纹156。 Lower portion 152 may have coarse threads 156 formed on the cylindrical outer surface 158 of lower portion 152. 上部巧4可以具有截头圆锥形表面160以及沿径向延伸的法兰162。 Qiao 4 may have an upper frusto-conical surface 160 and a radially extending flange 162. 一个配合的尾翼腔可以和截头圆锥形表面160、 法兰162和圆柱形外表面158相适应。 With a fin cavity may be frusto-conical surface 160 and the flange 162 and the cylindrical outer surface 158 adapted. 为了将尾翼箱150固定到船只上,尾翼箱150的螺纹156可以被旋入尾翼腔。 To the fin box 150 is fixed to the vessel, the fin box thread 156 150 may be screwed into the fin cavity. 在一个实施方式中,可以在船只上形成两个尾翼腔,以便尾翼箱150的尾翼孔164彼此相隔约1. 5英寸,以容纳尾翼的相对应的立柱。 In one embodiment, the vessel may be formed on the two fin cavity to facilitate fin aperture 150 of the fin box 164 of about 1.5 inches apart from each other to accommodate the tail of the corresponding column.

[0087] 图3是简图,展示了根据本发明的一个实施方式的第二版本的尾翼箱的顶部透视 [0087] FIG. 3 is a diagram showing a top perspective view according to a second embodiment of a version of the embodiment of the present invention, the fin box

11图。 11. 图4是简图,展示了图3的第二版本的尾翼箱的底部透视图。 FIG 4 is a diagram illustrating a bottom perspective view of a second version of the fin box of FIG. 图5是简图,展示了正在插入到根据本发明的一个实施方式的冲浪板型船只的尾翼腔中的楔形唇部或者倒钩的横截面图。 FIG 5 is a diagram showing a cross-sectional view of being inserted into the cavity surfboard fin type according to an embodiment of the vessel according to the present invention a wedge-shaped lip or barb.

[0088] 现在来看图3、4和5,第二版本的尾翼箱170包括细长的箱状结构以及圆形的末端。 [0088] Referring now to FIGS. 3, 4 and 5, the second version of the fin box 170 comprises an elongated box-like structure and a circular end. 尾翼箱170的上部172可以具有沿径向延伸的法兰174。 An upper portion of the fin box 172 170 has a flange 174 may extend radially. 沿径向延伸的法兰174在其整个边缘周围具有多个通孔176或贯穿形成的孔。 Radially extending flange 174 having a plurality of through-holes or through-holes 176 formed around its entire periphery. 如图5所示,尾翼箱170的底部178可以具有尺寸减小的基座180,以及位于尾翼箱170的底端的倒钩或者楔形唇部182。 5, the bottom portion 178 of the fin box 170 may have a reduced size base 180, and a fin box 170 at the bottom end or barb 182 of the wedge lip. 还能想到,尺寸减小的基座可以具有两个或多个(例如4个、等等)倒钩或者楔形唇部182。 It is also conceivable, of reduced size base may have two or more (e.g., four, etc.) or wedge-shaped lip 182 barbs. 在一个实施方式中,楔形唇部182可以从尺寸减小的基座180沿横向向外凸出约0. 060英寸。 In one embodiment, the lip portion 182 of the wedge 180 can be transversely convexly about 0.060 inches outwardly from the base of reduced size. 楔形唇部182成一角度,以便楔形182允许底部178被插入在船只底面上机加工的尾翼腔190 中,但不允许尾翼箱170从中退出。 Wedge shaped lip 182 at an angle so as to allow the bottom portion 178 of the wedge 182 is inserted into the fin cavity 190 in the bottom surface of the vessel machined in the fin box 170 but not to exit therefrom. 在某些实施方式中,可以在尾翼箱170和尾翼腔190之间施加胶粘剂或者快凝的环氧树脂192。 In certain embodiments, the epoxy or adhesive 192 may be applied in the quick-setting between 170 and tail fin box cavity 190.

[0089] 如图5所示,形成在船只中的尾翼腔190可以做成尺寸稍小于楔形唇部182的外缘,但稍大于尺寸减小的基座180的外缘。 [0089] As shown in FIG 5, the vessel is formed in a fin chamber 190 can be made slightly smaller than the size of the outer edge of the wedge-shaped lip portion 182 but slightly larger than the outer edge 180 of the base is reduced. 在某些实施方式中,尾翼箱170的上部172可以具有突起186,它高于沿径向延伸的法兰174的上表面188约0. 0050英寸。 In certain embodiments, the upper portion of the fin box may have a protrusion 172 170 186, which is higher than the upper surface of the flange 174 radially extending from about 188 0.0050 inches. 照这样,涂层覆盖法兰174,并且可以与该突起齐平。 As such, the coating covers the flange 174, and may be flush with the projection. 尾翼箱170可以具有两个贯穿突起186而设置的圆形尾翼孔184。 Fin box 170 may have a circular through-holes of the two fin protrusions 186 and 184 provided. 在某些实施方式中,这些尾翼孔184可以彼此间隔约1.5",以容纳尾翼的相应的立柱。 In certain embodiments, these fin apertures 184 may be spaced about 1.5 "to accommodate the tail of the corresponding uprights.

[0090] 图6是简图,展示了根据本发明的一个实施方式的第三版本的尾翼箱的顶部透视图。 [0090] FIG. 6 is a diagram showing a top perspective view according to a third embodiment of a version of the embodiment of the present invention, the fin box of FIG. 图7是简图,展示了图6的第三版本的尾翼箱的底部透视图。 FIG 7 is a diagram illustrating a bottom perspective view of a third version of the fin box of FIG. 现在来看图6和7,第三版本的尾翼箱200可以具有与第二版本的尾翼箱170类似的结构。 Turning now to FIGS. 6 and 7, a third version of the fin box 200 may have a second version of the fin box 170 similar structure. 例如,第三版本的尾翼箱200在下部204的底部外缘处可以具有楔形唇部202。 For example, the third version of the fin box 200 may have a wedge-shaped lip 202 at the lower outer edge 204 of the bottom. 第三版本的尾翼箱200可以具有与第二版本的尾翼箱170不同的结构,不同在于沿径向延伸的法兰206没有多个通孔;相反,沿径向延伸的法兰206的上表面上具有至少一个环形凹槽208。 The third version of the fin box 200 may have a second version of the fin box 170 of a different configuration, except that the flange 206 does not extend radially a plurality of through holes; rather, the radial flange 206 extending along the upper surface having at least one annular groove 208.

[0091] 图8是简图,展示了根据本发明的一个实施方式的第四版本的尾翼箱的顶部透视图。 [0091] FIG. 8 is a diagram showing a top perspective view according to a fourth embodiment of a version of the embodiment of the present invention, the fin box of FIG. 图9是简图,展示了图8的第四版本的尾翼箱的底部透视图。 9 is a diagram illustrating a bottom perspective view of a fourth version of the fin box of FIG. 8. 现在来看图8和9,第四版本的尾翼箱220可以具有与第三版本的尾翼箱200类似的结构。 Referring now to FIGS. 8 and 9, the fourth version of the fin box 220 may have a third version of the fin box 200 similar structure. 例如,第四版本的尾翼箱220在下部2M的底部外缘处可以具有楔形唇部222。 For example, the fourth version of the fin box 220 at the bottom of the lower outer edge of 2M lip portion 222 may have a wedge shape. 另外,沿径向延伸的法兰2¾的上表面可以具有至少一个环形凹槽228。 Further, along the upper surface of a flange extending radially 2¾ may have at least one annular groove 228. 但是,不同于第三版本的尾翼箱200,截头圆锥形表面230可以连接沿径向延伸的法兰2¾和基座232。 However, unlike the third version of the fin box 200, frustoconical surface 230 and the base may be connected 2¾ flange 232 extending radially.

[0092] 现在来看图10,在一个实施方式中,船只尾翼272的立柱270可以固定到尾翼箱200的尾翼孔210中。 [0092] Referring now to FIG. 10, in one embodiment, the fin 272 of the vessel 270 may be fixed to the upright fin aperture 200 of the fin box 210. 图10展示了第三版本的尾翼箱200,但不难想到立柱270与尾翼孔210的固定方式在其他版本的尾翼箱150、170和220中也可以采用。 Figure 10 shows a third version of the fin box 200, but not difficult to think upright fin 270 and the hole 210 in a fixed manner in other versions of the fin box 150, 170 and 220 may also be employed.

[0093] 图11是简图,展示了图10的立柱和尾翼孔的横截面图,还展示了立柱和尾翼孔之间的第一版本的固定方式。 [0093] FIG. 11 is a diagram showing a cross-sectional view of the post and fin aperture of Figure 10, also shows a first version of the post and fin aperture between the fixing means. 图12是简图,展示了根据本发明的一个实施方式的立柱和尾翼孔之间的第二版本的固定方式。 FIG 12 is a diagram showing a fixed manner between the version according to a second post and fin aperture of an embodiment of the present invention. 现在来看图11和12,它们展示了将船只尾翼272的立柱270固定到尾翼箱200的尾翼孔210上的两种版本,立柱270可以做成能滑动到尾翼箱200 的尾翼孔210内的尺寸和形状。 Referring now to FIGS. 11 and 12, which show the vessel fin 272 on the two versions of the uprights 210 fixed to the fin aperture 270 of the fin box 200, the post 270 can be made to slide into the fin aperture 210 of the fin box 200 The size and shape.

[0094] 如图11和12所示,在一个实施方式中,立柱270的外径274小于尾翼孔210的内径276。 [0094] As shown in FIG. 11 and 12, in one embodiment, the outer diameter of the post 270 is smaller than the fin aperture 274 of the inner diameter of 276,210. 立柱270还形成有环绕立柱270的第一底切凹槽278A和278B。 Surrounding the post 270 is also formed with a first undercut groove 278A pillar 270 and 278B. 在一个实施方式中,尾翼孔210可以形成第二底切凹槽观0,后者可以与第一底切凹槽278A和278B对正。 In one embodiment, the fin aperture 210 may form a second undercut recess 0 concept, which undercut groove 278A and 278B can be aligned with the first substrate.

[0095] 在某些实施方式中,底切凹槽278A、278B和280可以切成使槽深度小于斜置的线圈弹簧观2中的线圈(coil)的厚度的一半。 [0095] In certain embodiments, the undercut grooves 278A, 278B and the groove 280 may be cut to a depth less than half the thickness of the second coil canted coil spring View (Coil) a. 在某些实施方式中,底切凹槽278A、278B和280可以切成使凹槽278A和280或者278B和观0的总深度约等于斜置的线圈弹簧282中的线圈的厚度。 In certain embodiments, the undercut grooves 278A, 278B, and 280 can be cut so that the grooves 278A and 278B and a total depth of 280 or 0 is approximately equal to the thickness of the concept of the coil of the coil spring 282 is canted. 在某些实施方式中,尺寸会因实施方式的不同而不同;但是这些尺寸如此选择,以便斜置的线圈弹簧提供足够的压力,以将例如尾翼装置保持到冲浪板之类的船只上。 In certain embodiments, the size may vary in different embodiments of the; however, these dimensions are so selected to provide sufficient pressure helical coil spring opposite to the holding means on the vessel to tail e.g. surfboard or the like.

[0096] 斜置的线圈弹簧282可以插入第二底切凹槽观0中。 [0096] canted coil spring 282 can be inserted into the second undercut groove View 0. 在某些实施方式中,斜置的线圈弹簧可以是具有倾斜的(斜置的)椭圆线圈的圆形钢丝弹簧,这些椭圆线圈受压缩时独立偏斜。 In certain embodiments, the canted coil spring may be a tilted (oblique) circular wire spring coil ellipse, the elliptical coils skewed independently compressed. 每当线圈的任何部分偏斜时,整个弹簧282都会有反应,允许均勻加载在每一个接触点处。 Whenever any part of the deflection coils, the spring 282 will have the entire reaction, allows a uniform loading at each contact point. 为了举例而非限制,商标为BALSEALTM(Engineering of Foothill Ranch, CA) 的斜置线圈弹簧282可以插入第二底切凹槽观0中。 For example and not limitation, the trademark BALSEALTM (Engineering of Foothill Ranch, CA) of the canted coil spring 282 can be inserted into the second undercut groove View 0.

[0097] 在图11中,通过将立柱270推入和拉出尾翼孔210,可以将立柱270插入尾翼孔210中,并且从中取出。 [0097] In FIG. 11, by uprights 270 pushed in and pulled fin aperture 210, the post 270 may be inserted into the fin aperture 210 and removed therefrom. 如图12所示的立柱270也可以插入尾翼孔并从中取出,但与图11 所示的结构相比,需要更大的推力和拉力。 Column 270 shown in Figure 12 may be inserted into and removed from the fin hole, compared with the structure shown in Figure 11, the need for greater push and pull. 理由是图11所示的第一底切凹槽278A被斜削(beveled),而图12所示的第一底切凹槽278B被弄成了直角的。 FIG 11 is a first reason undercut groove 278A shown are beveled (beveled), and the bottom of the first undercut groove 12 as shown in FIG. 278B misplaced by a right angle. 使用中,立柱270可以插入尾翼孔210中。 In use, the post 270 can be inserted into the fin aperture 210. 在插入时,立柱270的外径274将斜置的线圈弹簧观2向外推,直到斜置的线圈弹簧282位于第一底切凹槽278A、B中。 When inserted, the outer diameter 274 of the post 270 will canted coil spring 2 is pushed outwards View, until canted coil spring 282 positioned in the first undercut groove 278A, B in. 与图12所示的立柱270和尾翼孔210相比, 如图11所示的第一底切凹槽278A的斜角允许使用者用较小的力从尾翼孔210中拉出立柱270。 Compared with the column 270 shown in Figure 12 and fin aperture 210, a first bevel undercut groove 278A shown in FIG. 11 allows a user with a small force from the fin aperture 210 in the post 270 is pulled out.

[0098] 图13是简图,展示了根据本发明的斜置弹簧的设计范例。 [0098] FIG. 13 is a diagram illustrating the canted spring design in accordance with Examples of the present invention. 现在来看图13,展示的是斜置的线圈弹簧300。 Referring now to Figure 13, shown is a canted coil spring 300. 如上所述,在某些实施方式中,斜置的线圈弹簧300可以是具有倾斜的(斜置的)椭圆线圈的圆形钢丝弹簧,这些椭圆线圈受压缩时独立偏斜。 As described above, in certain embodiments, the canted coil spring 300 may be a tilted (oblique) circular wire spring coil ellipse, the elliptical coils skewed independently compressed. 每当线圈的任何部分偏斜时,整个弹簧300都会有反应,允许均勻加载在每一个接触点处。 Whenever any part of the deflection coils, the spring 300 will have the entire reaction, allows a uniform loading at each contact point.

[0099] 在一个实施方式中,斜置弹簧300具有壳体302。 [0099] In one embodiment, the canted spring 300 has a housing 302. 斜置的线圈弹簧300可以选择安装在壳体302中的凹槽或者沟槽中。 Canted coil spring 300 may be selected groove or channel in the housing 302 is mounted in. 另外,还可以设置壳体302以容纳轴304。 Further, the housing 302 may be provided to receive a shaft 304. 在一个实施方式中,立柱可以是尾翼的一部分。 In one embodiment, the post may be part of the fin. 在另一个实施方式中,立柱可以设置成有待固定到尾翼上。 In another embodiment, the post may be arranged to be secured to the tail. 在某些实施方式中,轴304可以具有凹槽306。 In certain embodiments, the shaft 304 may have a groove 306. 当轴304插入尾翼箱302中时,斜置的线圈弹簧300通过接触凹槽306可以使轴304保持在合适的位置。 When the shaft 304 is inserted into the fin box 302, canted coil spring 300 through the contact groove 306 of the shaft 304 can be held in place. 图13所示的例子类似于图11和12所示的例子,但包括各种测量数据和公差。 Examples 11 and 12 shown in FIG. 13 is similar to the example shown in FIG., But includes a variety of measurements and tolerances. 不难理解,只要不脱离这里公开的实施方式的范围,图13所示的实施方式是示范性的,只是用于说明的目的,也可以使用其他尺寸和形状斜置弹簧,这些弹簧具有不同尺寸和形状的壳体或者不同尺寸和形状的轴。 It will be appreciated, embodiments without departing from the scope of the embodiment herein disclosed, the embodiment shown in Figure 13 is exemplary and for illustrative purposes only, and may be other shapes and sizes canted springs that have different sizes or the shaft and the housing of different sizes and shapes shape.

[0100] 图14是简图,展示了根据本发明的尾翼箱的设计范例。 [0100] FIG. 14 is a diagram showing the fin box design example according to the present invention. 现在来看图14,展示的是尾翼箱400。 Referring now to FIG. 14, fin box 400 is illustrated. 尾翼箱400具有螺纹402,螺纹可以包括粗牙螺纹,用于将尾翼接受器紧固到船只中。 Of the fin box 400 has threads 402, threads may include a coarse thread, for securing the receptacle to the watercraft fin. 该粗牙螺纹也可以称为“宽螺旋”螺纹。 The coarse thread may also be referred to as "broad spiral" thread. 虽然图14所示的例子具有特定的尺寸, 但是不难理解其他多个尺寸和形状的尾翼旋塞可以与本发明一起使用。 Although the example shown in FIG. 14 with specific dimensions, it is easy to understand a plurality of fin cock other sizes and shapes may be used with the present invention.

[0101] 图15是简图,展示了根据本发明设计的另一个示范性的尾翼箱。 [0101] FIG. 15 is a diagram showing another exemplary fin box in accordance with the present invention designed. 现在来看图15, 展示的是非圆形的尾翼箱500。 Referring now to FIG. 15, showing the fin box 500 is non-circular. 使用非圆形的尾翼旋塞,例如,尾翼箱500,尾翼箱500不太可能会旋转。 Non-circular tail cock, e.g., the fin box 500, the fin box 500 may rotate less. 因此,固定到尾翼箱500的尾翼不太可能会旋转,并且尾翼可以与它固定于其上的船只保持某种例如预定的对齐。 Thus, the fin is fixed to the fin box 500 is unlikely to be rotated and the tail may be maintained, for example, a certain predetermined alignment with the vessel on which is fixed thereto. 虽然图15所示的例子具有特定的尺寸,但是不难理解其他多个尺寸和形状的尾翼旋塞可以与这里描述的系统和方法一起使用。 Although the example shown in Figure 15 having a particular size, it is easy to understand the system and method for use with a plurality of fin cock other sizes and shapes may be described herein.

[0102] 图16是简图,展示了典型的斜置弹簧销,展示了冲浪销在根据这里描述的系统和方法中的尾翼上的可能位置。 [0102] FIG. 16 is a diagram illustrating an exemplary canted spring pin, showing possible positions of the pin according to surf on the system and methods described herein in the tail. 现在来看图16,尾翼500用固定到立柱504上的斜置的线圈弹簧502被固定到船只上。 Referring now to FIG. 16, the fin 500 fixed to a canted coil spring 502 on post 504 is secured to the vessel. 斜置的线圈弹簧502和立柱504的尺寸要做成能滑入船只的容纳部分,从而被紧固到位。 Canted coil springs 502 and 504 to make the size of the column can be slid into the receiving portion of the vessel so as to be secured in place.

[0103] 图16的实施例类似于图10的实施例。 Example [0103] FIG. 16 is similar to the embodiment 10 of FIG. 如图10、11和12所示,斜置的线圈弹簧282可以定位在尾翼孔210内。 10, 11 and 12, the canted coil spring 282 may be positioned within the fin aperture 210. 这样,当斜置的线圈弹簧282插入尾翼孔210中时,它可以与立柱270啮合。 Thus, when the canted coil spring 282 inserted into the fin aperture 210, 270 which can be engaged with the column.

[0104] 回到图16,在某些实施方式中,斜置的线圈弹簧502可以固定到立柱504上。 [0104] Back to FIG. 16, in some embodiments, the canted coil spring 502 may be fixed to the column 504. 换句话说,斜置的线圈弹簧282和502的位置在两种实施方式间互换了一下。 In other words, the inclined position of the coil springs 282 and 502 between the two embodiments of a bit swap. 如图10、11、12和16所示,可以使用一对立柱270或者504和斜置的线圈弹簧282或者502。 As shown in FIG 10,11, 12 and 16, a pair of posts 504 and 270, or canted coil spring 282 or 502. 这样,当安置在船只上时,尾翼272、500不太可能在其固定机构内旋转。 Thus, when placed on the vessel, it is less likely to 272,500 fin rotate within fixed means. 如图16所示,在某些实施方式中, 棒506可用于使尾翼500不太可能旋转。 16, in certain embodiments, the rod 506 may be used to fin 500 is less likely to rotate.

[0105] 在另一个实施方式中,立柱可以固定到船只上,同时容纳立柱的插座可以属于有待固定到船只上的装置的一部分或者固定到该装置上。 [0105] In another embodiment, the column may be fixed to the vessel, the receptacle can accommodate column belongs to be secured to a portion of the vessel or the device is fixed to the device. 例如,在一个实施方式中,船只可以包括一对立柱,这对立柱插入尾翼中的插座中,使用斜置的线圈弹簧将尾翼紧固到船只上。 For example, in one embodiment, the vessel may comprise a pair of uprights, which uprights inserted in the socket tail, a canted coil spring is fastened to the fin on the vessel. 不难理解,在某些实施方式中,尾翼中的插座可以属于尾翼的一部分,而在其他实施方式中,插座可以是固定到尾翼上的独立组件。 It will be appreciated, in certain embodiments, the receptacle may be in the tail part of the tail, while in other embodiments, the receptacle may be a separate component secured to the tail.

[0106] 图17-19展示了各种实施方式,其中的固定方法和装置用于将尾翼装置固定到防浪板对象上。 [0106] Figures 17-19 show various embodiments in which a method and means for fixing the tail unit fixed to the anti-surfers object. 参照图17,一个实施方式的开口环组件1700可以包括具有环形凹槽1705的立柱1701,立柱设置用来穿过壳体盖1702并接受开口环簧1703之类的弹簧,壳体1704中的其余部分具有接受立柱1701的内腔。 Referring to FIG. 17, one embodiment of split ring assembly 1700 may include a post 1701 having an annular recess 1705, provided to the post through the housing lid 1702 and the split ring spring 1703 to accept the spring and the like, the remainder of the housing 1704 a lumen having a receiving portion 1701 of the post. 根据图17所示的实施方式,立柱1701由多个部件组成,例如,顶部1710、顶角1711、中间凹槽1712、底角1713和底部1714。 According to the embodiment shown in Figure 17, the post 1701 by a plurality of components, e.g., the top 1710, 1711 apex, intermediate the grooves 1712, 1713 and a bottom corner 1714. 环形凹槽1705 由顶角1711、中间凹槽1712和底角1713组成。 An annular recess 1705 by the apex angle 1711, middle corner recess 1712 and 1713 components. 顶部1710具有借助于螺钉、胶粘剂或者其他手段固定到对象表面上的部件。 1710 having a top by means of screws, adhesive, or other means of assembly to the surface of the object. 顶角1711特别设计成能与开口环1703的内顶角互补。 Apex angle 1711 specifically designed to be complementary to the apex angle can split ring 1703. 角度情况的变化会影响闭锁机构的插入力和离开力。 Changes in the angle of the case will affect the insertion force the locking mechanism and the left forces. 直径越大,开口环1703越粗,由闭锁机构实现的把持力就越强。 The larger the diameter, the thicker the split ring 1703, the stronger the gripping force achieved by the latching mechanism. 中间凹槽1712被设置成只要实现锁定就与开口环接触。 Intermediate groove 1712 is provided to achieve as long as the locking ring comes into contact with the opening. 底角1713特别设计成能与开口环1703的内侧的内底角互补。 Base angle 1713 specifically designed to be capable of ring opening in the bottom corner 1703 is complementary to the inner side. 底部1714设计成能将开口环1703 保持在适当的位置,从而提供用于锁定的手段。 1714 bottom split ring 1703 can be designed to remain in place, thereby providing a means for locking. 壳体盖1702可以设计成允许立柱1701通过并接受开口环1703。 Housing lid 1702 may be designed to permit the post 1701 and the split ring 1703 accepting. 在一个实施方式中,壳体盖1702可以置于开口环1703的顶部、中部、或者底部,以允许立柱1701接受开口环1703。 In one embodiment, the housing lid 1702 may be placed on top of the split ring 1703, middle, or bottom, to permit the post 1701 to accept the split ring 1703. 可以改变壳体盖1702,以允许借助立柱1701紧固在一起的两个对象之间不旋转。 Housing lid 1702 may be changed, not to allow rotation between the two objects together by means of securing posts 1701. 开口环1703的外形是圆的,并且有一部分是断开的,以便当立柱1701接纳开口环1703并与之接触时,允许膨胀。 1703 split ring shape is round, and part is open, so that when the post 1701 to receive the split ring 1703 and in contact with, allow for expansion. 开口环1703可以具有平坦的顶面1715和平坦的底面1716。 Split ring 1703 may have a flat top surface 1715 and flat bottom surface 1716. 此外,开口环1703可以具有平坦的或者凸出的外表面1717。 Further, the split ring 1703 may have a flat or convex outer surface 1717. 开口环1703可以具有平坦的内表面(未显示),或者角状的内表面(未显示),以允许与环形凹槽1705接触的面积最大。 Split ring 1703 may have a flat inner surface (not shown), or the inner surface of the horn (not shown) to allow the area of ​​contact with the annular groove 1705 maximum. 壳体1704被配置用来至少接受立柱1701和开口环1703。 Housing 1704 is configured to accept at least the post 1701 and the split ring 1703. 壳体1704可以预制,以接受上述元件。 Housing 1704 may be prefabricated to receive the elements described above. 此外,壳体1704可以设计成放置在与该壳体齐平、高于或者低于该壳体的结构中。 In addition, the housing 1704 may be designed to be placed flush with the housing, above or below the housing structure. 图17展示了一种尾翼,它具有两个立柱1701、为两个立柱1701预制的一个壳体盖1702、两个开口环1703、唯一一个壳体1704,该壳体具有异形的空腔,放置在与冲浪板齐平的结构中,用于容纳两个立柱1701,以提供一种垂直闭锁机构,该闭锁机构允许相对轻松地摁上(snapped-on)或摁开(snapped-off)尾翼。 Figure 17 illustrates a fin having two posts 1701, two columns of a prefabricated housing cover 1701 1702, two split rings 1703, 1704 only one housing, the housing having a shaped cavity is placed in the configuration in flush with surfboard, for receiving two posts 1701 to provide a vertical locking mechanism, the locking mechanism allows for relatively easily press on (snapped-on) or a press opening (snapped-off) tail. 公开的这一实施方式不需要使用螺钉来将尾翼紧固到冲浪板上,而是使用立柱1701和开口环1703, 以提供垂直的闭锁机构。 The disclosed embodiment does not require the use of screws for fastening the fin to the surfboard, but the use of the post 1701 and the split ring 1703 to provide a vertical locking mechanism. 该垂直闭锁机构提供了更轻的冲浪板,并且由于允许摁上和摁开尾翼,而无需任何外部工具来组装,因此能够快速改变冲浪板的尾翼结构。 The vertical locking mechanism provides a lighter surfboard, and by allowing the press to open and press the tail without the need for any external tools to assemble, it is possible to quickly change the structure of a surfboard fin.

[0107] 图18展示了具有开口立柱组件的尾翼的侧视图。 [0107] FIG. 18 shows a side view of a fin having a split post assembly. 在一个实施方式中,开口立柱组件1800可以包括具有多个开口1813的开口立柱1801,这些开口按照设计存在于壳体1704 的具有浮雕形状的空腔内,以容纳开口立柱1801。 In one embodiment, the split post 1800 may include a split post assembly having a plurality of openings 1813 to 1801, according to the design of these openings present in the housing cavity 1704 having a relief shape to accommodate the split post 1801. 根据图18所示的实施方式,开口立柱1801由多个部分组成,诸如顶部1809、第一凹槽1810、厚部1811、第二凹槽1812、和多个开口1813。 According to the embodiment shown in Figure 18, the split post 1801 by a plurality of parts, such as the top 1809, a first groove 1810, a thick portion 1811, the second groove 1812, and a plurality of openings 1813. 顶部1809具有借助于螺钉、胶粘剂或者其他手段固定到对象表面上的部件。 1809 having a top by means of screws, adhesive, or other means of assembly to the surface of the object. 第一凹槽1810被设计成具有与第一壳体盖1802接触的表面面积,并且支撑垂直闭锁机构。 The first groove 1810 is designed with a cover 1802 in contact with the first surface area of ​​the housing and the support a vertical locking mechanism. 第一凹槽1810可以包括互补的角度,以适应壳体1704的空腔。 The first groove 1810 may comprise complimentary angles to fit the cavity of the housing 1704. 厚部1811被设计成置于第一壳体盖1802和第二壳体盖1803之间,并且支撑垂直闭锁机构。 The thick portion 1811 is designed to be interposed between the first housing lid 1802 and the second housing lid 1803 and support a vertical locking mechanism. 厚部1811可以包括互补的角度,以适应壳体1704的空腔。 The thick portion 1811 may comprise complimentary angles to fit the cavity of the housing 1704. 第二凹槽1812被设计成具有与壳体1704的空腔接触的最大表面面积,并且支撑垂直闭锁机构,第二凹槽1812可以包括互补的角度,以适应壳体1704的空腔。 The second groove 1812 is designed to have a maximum surface area in contact with the cavity 1704 of the housing, and the support a vertical locking mechanism, the second groove 1812 may comprise complimentary angles to fit the cavity of the housing 1704. 多个开口1813被设计成能穿过并置于壳体1704的空腔中间。 A plurality of openings 1813 and is designed to pass through the cavity of the housing placed in the middle 1704's. 多个开口1813可以向内挠曲以插入,并且在插入壳体1704的过程中,可以自动向外扩张,并且停在合适的地方,以提供牢固的垂直闭锁机构。 A plurality of openings 1813 may be flexed inward to be inserted, during insertion and housing 1704 may be automatically expanded outward, and stops where appropriate, to provide a secure vertical locking mechanism. 在一个实施方式中,开口立柱1801可以具有两个开口1813,其中开口立柱1801的圆形的下部被分割或者分裂成两半,以提供两个挠性开口1813。 In one embodiment, the split post 1801 may have two openings 1813, wherein the lower opening of the circular pillar 1801 is divided or split in half to provide two openings 1813 flexibility. 在另一个实施方式中,开口立柱18001可以具有4个开口1813,其中开口立柱1801的圆形的下部被分割或者分裂成四个象限,以提供4个挠性的开口1813。 In another embodiment, the split post 18001 1813 may have four openings, wherein the lower opening of the circular pillar 1801 is divided or split into four quadrants, in order to provide flexibility four openings 1813. 第一壳体盖1802和第二壳体盖1803是壳体的空腔的一部分,并且被设计成具有与立柱1801的第一凹槽1810和第二凹槽1812互补的形状。 The first housing lid 1802 and the second housing lid 1803 is a portion of the cavity of the housing, and is designed to have the pillar shape of the first groove 1810 and the second groove 1812 is complementary 1801. 第一壳体盖1802与开口立柱1801的第一凹槽1810 接触。 The first housing lid 1802 and the split post 1801 is in contact with a first recess 1810. 第二壳体盖1803与开口立柱1801的第二凹槽1812接触,如图18所示,开口立柱1801具有小的隔壁,以允许这些开口1813挠曲。 The second housing cover 1803 and the opening 1801 of the column 1812 contacts the second recess 18, the split post 1801 having a small partition, the openings 1813 to allow flexing. 壳体1704被配置用于至少部分容纳开口立柱1801。 Housing 1704 is configured for receiving the at least partially split post 1801. 壳体1704可以预制,用来容纳上面在描述图18时提到的元件。 1704 can be prefabricated housing, for receiving elements mentioned above in the description of FIG. 18. 此外,壳体1704 可以设计成放置在与该壳体齐平、高于或者低于该壳体的结构中。 In addition, the housing 1704 may be designed to be placed flush with the housing, above or below the housing structure. 图18展示了一种尾翼, 它有两个开口立柱1801和唯一的壳体1704,该壳体放置在与冲浪板齐平的结构中,用于容纳两个开口立柱1801,从而提供允许相对轻松地摁上或者摁开尾翼的垂直闭锁机构。 18 shows a tail, which has two openings 1801 and posts 1704 unique housing, the housing is placed flush configuration with the surfboard, the two openings for receiving posts 1801, thereby allowing relatively easy to provide to press the locking mechanism to open or press the vertical tail fin. 通过向内压缩这些开口1813,以减少与壳体1704的接触面积,进而允许脱扣,从而可以摁开开口立柱1801。 By compressing these openings 1813 inwardly to reduce the area of ​​contact with the housing 1704, thereby allowing the trip, the column can be pressed to open the opening 1801. 通过向内压缩这些开口1813,以允许插入壳体1704的异形空腔中,这些开口1813借此自动向外弯曲,与壳体1704的空腔接触,并且可靠地锁定入位,从而可以摁上开口立柱1801。 Compressed inwardly by the openings 1813 to allow insertion of the profiled cavity of the housing 1704, whereby openings 1813 automatic bending outwardly securely lock into place in contact with the housing cavity 1704, and the press can be split post 1801.

[0108] 图19是开口立柱组件的详图。 [0108] FIG. 19 is a detailed view of a split post assembly. 图19提供了图18中描述的部分元件的详图。 Figure 19 provides a detailed view of some of the elements described in FIG. 18. 如上所述,开口立柱1801包括安装在对象上的顶部1809,适合于第一壳体盖1802(未显示) 的第一凹槽1810,提供锁定支撑的厚部1811,适合于第二壳体盖1803(未显示)的第二凹槽1812,以及用于向内挠曲以插入和离开并在锁定过程中向外挠曲的多个开口1813,如图19所示。 As described above, the split post 1801 comprises a top mounted on an object 1809, a first recess 1810 adapted to cover the first housing 1802 (not shown) is provided to lock the thick portion of the support 1811, the second housing is adapted to cover 1803 (not shown) of the second groove 1812, and a plurality of inwardly flex to flex outwardly and away from the insertion and during locking openings 1813, as shown in Fig.

15[0109] 图20展示了滑板锁定组件。 15 [0109] FIG. 20 shows a slider lock assembly. 滑板锁定组件2000的一个实施方式可以包括滑板下部2005、立柱1701、壳体盖1702、开口环1703和壳体1704。 A slider lock assembly 2000 may include an embodiment of a lower slide plate 2005, post 1701, a housing lid 1702, a split ring 1703 and the housing 1704. 滑板下部2005可以包括至少一个轮子2006和一个有待通过垂直闭锁机构固定到滑板表面部分2008上的基座2007。 Skateboard lower portion 2005 may include at least one wheel 2006 and a locking mechanism to be adopted vertically fixed to the base 2008 on the slide surface portion 2007. 基座2007可以通过胶粘剂、螺钉或者其他手段固定到立柱1701上。 Base 2007 by an adhesive, screws or other means is fixed to the post 1701. 根据图20所示的实施方式,立柱1701由多个部件组成,例如,顶部1710、顶角1711、中间凹槽1712、底角1713和底部1714。 According to the embodiment shown in Figure 20, the post 1701 by a plurality of components, e.g., the top 1710, 1711 apex, intermediate the grooves 1712, 1713 and a bottom corner 1714. 环形凹槽1705可以由顶角1711、中间凹槽1712和底角1713组成。 An annular recess 1705 may be composed of an apex angle 1711, a middle groove 1712 and corner 1713. 顶部1710具有可通过螺钉、胶粘剂或者其他手段固定到基座2007上的器件。 1710 has top by screws, adhesive or other means is fixed to the device 2007 on the base. 顶角1711特别设计成能与开口环1703的内顶角互补。 Apex angle 1711 specifically designed to be complementary to the apex angle can split ring 1703. 中间凹槽1712被设置成用于接触和容纳开口环。 1712 is disposed intermediate the grooves for contacting and receiving the split ring. 底角1713 特别设计成能与开口环1703的内底角互补。 Base angle 1713 specifically designed to be able to ring opening in the bottom corner 1703 is complementary. 底部1714被设计成能将开口环1703保持在适当的位置,从而提供用于锁定的手段。 1714 is designed to be the bottom of the split ring 1703 can remain in place, thereby providing a means for locking. 壳体盖1702可以设计成允许立柱1701通过并接受开口环1703。 Housing lid 1702 may be designed to permit the post 1701 and the split ring 1703 accepting. 在一个实施方式中,壳体盖1702可以置于开口环1703的顶部、中部、或者底部,以允许立柱1701接受开口环1703。 In one embodiment, the housing lid 1702 may be placed on top of the split ring 1703, middle, or bottom, to permit the post 1701 to accept the split ring 1703. 开口环1703的外形是圆的,并且有一部分是断开的,以便当立柱1701接触开口环1703时,允许膨胀。 1703 split ring shape is round, and part is open, so that when the post 1703 contacts the split ring 1701, allow for expansion. 开口环1703可以具有平坦的顶面1715和平坦的底面1716。 Split ring 1703 may have a flat top surface 1715 and flat bottom surface 1716. 此外,开口环1703可以具有平坦的或者凸出的外表面1717。 Further, the split ring 1703 may have a flat or convex outer surface 1717. 开口环1703可以具有平坦的内表面或者角状的内表面,以允许与特定角度的环形凹槽1705接触的面积最大。 The inner surface of the split ring 1703 may have a flat or angular inner surface, to allow the area of ​​contact with the annular groove 1705 of a specific maximum angle. 滑板表面部分2008上的孔或者壳体1704被配置用来至少容纳立柱1701、 壳体盖1702和开口环1703。 Hole or slide surface 2008 on the housing portion 1704 is configured to receive at least the post 1701, a housing lid 1702 and the split ring 1703. 图20展示了一块具有两个滑板下部2005的滑板,每个滑板下部2005配有4个立柱1701、4个壳体盖1702、4个开口环1703、和4个壳体1704,或者用于容纳4个立柱1701的孔,从而提供允许相对轻松地摁上或摁开滑板下部2005的垂直闭锁机构。 Figure 20 shows a slide having two slide lower portion 2005, the lower portion of each slide plate 2005 with 4 column 1701,4 1702,4 a cover housing a split ring 1703, a housing 1704, and 4, or for receiving 4 post hole 1701, thereby allowing relatively easy to provide a press or press apart the lower vertical slide locking mechanism 2005. 通过施加使立柱1701与壳体盖1702和开口环1703分离的垂直力,可以使固定的滑板基座2007与滑板表面部分2008分开。 Making the post 1701 by applying a vertical force to the housing lid 1702 and the split ring 1703 isolated, fixed slide base can be separated from the surface portion of the slider 2007 2008. 此外,用垂直力将具有立柱1701的基座2007与壳体盖1702和开口环1703结合,从而在具有预制空腔的壳体1704内产生表面积接触,可以将分开的滑板基座2007固定到滑板表面部分2008上。 Further, with the force having a vertical post 1701 base 1702 and housing cover 2007 and the split ring 1703 in combination, to produce a surface area of ​​contact with the inner housing 1704 having a preformed cavity may be divided slide base 2007 is fixed to the slide the upper surface portion 2008.

[0110] 图21展示了一种家具锁定组件。 [0110] Figure 21 illustrates a furniture locking assembly. 家具锁定组件2000的一个实施方式可以包括木质基座A2106、螺钉2105、立柱1701、壳体盖1702、开口环1703、壳体1704、和木板B2107。 Furniture embodiment of a locking assembly 2000 may include a wood base A 2106, a screw 2105, post 1701, a housing lid 1702, a split ring 1703, a housing 1704, and board B2107. 木质基座A2106可以配置用来借助螺钉2105或者其他固定装置安放至少一个立柱1701。 A2106 can be configured to wooden base 2105 by screws or other fixing means at least one mounted post 1701. 螺钉2105可以由金属、塑料、木材、或者任何类似的材料制成,以允许固定板A2106和板B2107。 Screw 2105 may be made of metal, plastic, wood, or any similar material to allow the fixing plate and the plate A2106 B2107. 立柱1701借助螺钉2105或者任何其他备选的固定方式(例如胶粘剂或者焊接)被固定到木板A2106上。 Post 1701 by a screw 2105 or any other alternative fastening means (e.g., adhesive or welding) is fixed to the board A2106. 立柱1701被配置用来穿过壳体盖1702,并且被结合到开口环1703的内表面区域,并且与木板B2107内的凹穴或者壳体1704接触。 Post 1701 is configured to pass through the housing cover 1702, and is bonded to the inner surface area of ​​the opening 1703 of the ring, and in contact with the housing pocket or wood B2107 1704. 壳体盖1702具有平坦的顶部和底部,并且被设计成允许立柱1701穿过而与开口环1703接触。 Housing cover 1702 has a flat top and a bottom, and is designed to allow the post 1701 through 1703 in contact with the split ring. 壳体盖可以置于开口环1703 的顶上、中部或者下方。 The housing cover can be placed on top, the middle or the lower split ring 1703. 开口环具有圆形结构和断开部分,从而允许开口环在立柱1701的插入过程中张开,而在立柱1701的移除过程中收缩。 Split ring portion having a circular configuration and off, thereby allowing the split ring opening during insertion of the post 1701, and contracted during removal column 1701. 此外,开口环1703具有角状的内部和凸出的或者平坦的外部。 Further, the split ring 1703 having an angular inner and outer convex or flat. 此外,开口环1703具有平坦的顶部和底部。 Further, the split ring 1703 having a flat top and bottom. 壳体1704被配置用来至少接纳立柱1701、壳体盖1702和开口环1703。 Housing 1704 is configured to receive at least the post 1701, the housing lid 1702 and the split ring 1703. 此外,壳体1704可以设计成能置于与该壳体齐平、高于或者低于该壳体的结构中。 In addition, the housing 1704 may be designed to be placed flush with the housing, above or below the housing structure. 图21展示了一种家具锁定组件,在木板A2106 处包括至少两个立柱1701、两个壳体盖1702、两个开口环1703和壳体1704,壳体1704有两个包埋在木板B2107内的部分,从而提供允许相对轻松地将木板A2106摁到木板B2107上或摁开它们的垂直闭锁机构。 Figure 21 shows a furniture locking assembly comprising at least two wooden uprights A2106 1701, the two housing lid 1702, two split rings 1703 and housing 1704, an inner housing 1704 B2107 embedded in two planks portion, thereby providing a relatively easily allowing the wood to press the wood A2106 or B2107 pressed apart vertical locking mechanism thereof. [0111] 防滑钉固定装置 [0111] cleat fixing means

[0112] 图2246展示了各种实施方式,其中的固定方法和装置用于将防滑钉装置固定到目标鞋子上。 [0112] FIG 2246 illustrates various embodiments in which a method and apparatus for fixing the cleat assembly to the target shoes. 参照图22,防滑钉组件600的一个实施方式可以包括壳体602以及用于安放弹簧、诸如开口环簧604的内部空腔618。 Referring to FIG. 22, a cleat assembly embodiment 600 may comprise a housing and means for mounting a spring 602, such as a split ring spring 618 of the interior cavity 604. 根据如图22所示的实施方式,壳体602的内部空腔618可以如此配置,即开口环簧604完全置于内部空腔618内,空腔和开口环簧604的孔沿轴向对齐。 According to the embodiment shown in FIG. 22, the interior cavity 618 of the housing 602 may be configured such that the split ring spring 604 disposed entirely within the interior cavity 618, the cavity and the split ring spring 604 axially aligned apertures. 在某些实施方式中,壳体602的内部空腔618如此配置,即壳体盖606以及孔620也置于壳体602的内部空腔618内。 In certain embodiments, the interior cavity 618 of the housing 602. So configured, i.e., the housing cover 606 and an aperture 620 is also disposed within the interior cavity 618 of the housing 602. 内部空腔618、开口环604的孔和壳体盖606的孔可以沿轴向对齐。 Interior cavity 618, openings 606 of annular ring 604 and the housing cap may be axially aligned. 在图22所示的实施方式中,壳体602、开口环簧604和壳体盖606 —起形成装置插座610。 In the embodiment shown in FIG. 22, the housing 602, the split ring spring and the housing cover 604 606-- forming apparatus from the socket 610. 开口环簧604置于其中的内部空腔的618的直径大于开口环簧604的直径,以便适应开口环簧604的膨胀,例如当装置608被插入装置插座610中时。 Diameter of the split ring spring 604 is placed inside the cavity wherein the split ring spring 618 is greater than a diameter 604 to accommodate the expansion of the split ring spring 604, for example, when the device 608 is inserted into the device receptacle 610. 尽管装置插座610的各部件在图22中被描绘成独立的,但熟练的技术人员会理解在某些实施方式中, 两个或多个部件可以集成。 Although the device of each socket member 610 are depicted as separate, but the skilled artisan will appreciate that in some embodiments, the two or more components may be integrated in FIG. 22.

[0113] 在某些实施方式中,壳体盖和壳体被固定或者密封在一起,例如用胶、螺纹机构(见,例如图25,如下所述)、或者本领域技术人员知道的适于预定目的的任何其他方式。 [0113] In certain embodiments, the housing cover and the housing are secured or sealed together, for example with glue, screw mechanism (see, e.g. FIG. 25, below), or the skilled person knows suitable the purpose of the book any other way. 开口环簧604可以置于密封的装置插座610的内部空腔618内。 It means the split ring spring 604 can be placed in a sealed receptacle 618,610 of the interior cavity.

[0114] 如图22所示,形成中心孔612的开口环簧604的内缘624的顶部和底部在顶部和/或底面处可以倾斜或者成一定角度。 [0114] 22, an opening hole 612 formed in the center of the inner ring spring top and bottom edges 604, 624 may be inclined or angled at the top and / or bottom surface. 例如,在某些实施方式中,开口环簧604的孔612 的内缘624a、624b 可以成15°、20°、25°、30°、40°、45°、50°、55°、60°、65°、70°、 75°、80°、85°、90°、95° UOO0、120°、或者更大的角度。 For example, in certain embodiments, the inner edge of the split ring spring 604 hole 612 624a, 624b to be 15 °, 20 °, 25 °, 30 °, 40 °, 45 °, 50 °, 55 °, 60 ° , 65 °, 70 °, 75 °, 80 °, 85 °, 90 °, 95 ° UOO0,120 °, or larger angles. 在优选实施方式中,开口环簧604的孔612的内缘62^、624b形成90°的角度。 In a preferred embodiment, the inner edge of the split ring spring 612 bore 604 62 ^, 624b form an angle of 90 °. 在某些实施方式中,开口环簧604的孔612的顶缘62½和底缘624b的角度不同。 In certain embodiments, the angle of the split ring spring top edge and a bottom edge 624b 62½ 604 different hole 612. 任何开口环簧604都可以用在这里公开的实施方式中,例如市售的,或者根据本领域技术人员已知的方法为这里公开的固定装置专门制造的。 Any split ring spring 604 can be used in embodiments disclosed herein, such as commercially available, or the method of fixing means known to the skilled person as disclosed herein in accordance with specially manufactured.

[0115] 如图22所示,装置608,例如如图22所示的防滑钉,具有顶部616和包括立柱622 在内的底部,立柱622被插过装置插座610的壳体盖606的孔626,插过开口环簧604上的孔612,然后插入壳体602的内腔618。 [0115] As shown in FIG 22, a device 608, such as the cleat shown in FIG. 22, having a bottom 616 and includes a post 622, including the top, the post 622 is inserted through the hole 606 of the device receptacle 610 of the cover 626 of the housing , inserted through hole 612 of the opening ring spring 604, and then inserted into the lumen 602 of the housing 618. 立柱622可以具有环形凹槽628。 Column 622 may have an annular groove 628. 优选,凹槽拟8被斜边630a、630b限定,其中凹槽的斜边的角度与限定开口环簧604的内孔612的边62如、 624b的角度互补,以便当立柱622插入装置插座610的内腔618中时,开口环簧604静止在凹槽628的周围,如图23所示。 Preferably, the groove 8 is intended hypotenuse 630a, 630b is defined, wherein the oblique angle of the groove side 62 defining the split ring spring 604 within bore 612, such as, 624b is complementary to the angle, so that when the post 622 is inserted into the device receptacle 610 when lumen 618, the split ring spring 604 around the stationary groove 628, as shown in Fig. 在某些实施方式中,环形凹槽6¾被切成使其总深度约等于开口环簧604的厚度646。 In certain embodiments, the annular groove is cut so that the total 6¾ a depth approximately equal to the thickness of the split ring spring of 646,604.

[0116] 公开的该发明不需使用螺纹。 [0116] The invention is disclosed without the use of threads. 如图22所示的防滑钉被插入到位,而非旋入到位。 FIG cleat 22 is inserted in place, not screwed into place. 这为鞋子设计师提供了范围无限的可能的防滑钉的几何形状。 This provides an infinite range of possible cleat geometries for the shoe designer. 在设计鞋底或者防滑钉弹簧壳体时,规定防滑钉要对齐。 In the design of the sole or the cleat spring housing, a predetermined stud to be aligned.

[0117] 鞋内底锁紧机构所用的材料优选为能用作弹簧的高冲力、高强度的聚合物。 Materials [0117] insole locking means can preferably be used as a spring of high impact, high strength polymers. 本发明中使用的弹簧604主要是开口环设计,其内部结构适合于与防滑钉杆部或立柱622的结构啮合并且卡锁。 A spring 604 for use in the invention is mainly split ring design which is adapted to the internal structure and the structure engaging cleat or post shank 622 and locking. 在某些实施方式中,随着开口环604的尺寸的变化,这些匹配的几何尺寸的变化允许设计师选择防滑钉插入和离开鞋子时的插入和离开压力。 Pressure insertion departure In certain embodiments, the ring 604 with varying dimensions of the opening, matching the geometry of these variations allows the designer to choose shoe cleat insertion and departure. 这是有用的性质,因为它允许鞋子设计师将从鞋子中轻松地拔出防滑钉与在它用在所选择的鞋类产品(即足球防滑鞋对高尔夫防滑鞋)中期间所需的安全性最佳配合起来。 This is a useful property, because it allows shoe designers to easily pull out from the shoes and cleats in it in the selected footwear (ie soccer cleats for golf cleats) during the required safety best fit together. [0118] 弹簧604和装置插座610被设计成能相对于当前的金属鞋底系统在较宽的面积(5 : 1)上分散从防滑钉608到脚的压力。 [0118] the spring means 604 and the receptacle 610 are designed to present a metal sole system in a wide area with respect to: dispersing from the cleat 608 to the foot (51) pressure. 因此鞋底聚合物不象目前的金属螺柱防滑钉那样适应改进的防滑钉系统。 Thus unlike the sole polymer present as the metal cleats studs adaptation improved cleat system. 这种改进产生了更舒服的鞋,无论是在购买时,还是在鞋的整个使用期间。 This improvement results in a more comfortable shoes, either at the time of purchase or during the entire use of the shoe. 防滑钉对脚的过度的压力对脚造成的伤害即使未被消除,也被显著地减到最小。 Hurt cleats excessive pressure on the feet of the feet caused even if not eliminated, it is also significantly minimized.

[0119] 如图23所示,在组装时,刚一插入,立柱622的外径632就把开口环簧604向外推, 直到使开口环簧604位于立柱622的环形凹槽628内。 [0119] 23, when assembled, is inserted into a rigid, outer diameter 632 of the post 622 pushes put the split ring spring 604 outward until the opening ring spring 604 is located within the annular groove 628 of the post 622. 位于装置608的槽6¾周围的开口环簧604的恢复力将装置608保持在装置插座610内的适当位置。 Means positioned around the groove 6¾ 608 of the restoring force of the split ring spring 604 holding the device 608 in the apparatus 610 of the receptacle in place. 如图22和23所示,在某些实施方式中,立柱622的远端634也可以被切成锐角,以便将防滑钉装置608插到装置插座里,并从中拔出。 As shown in FIG. 22 and 23, in certain embodiments, the distal end 634 of the post 622 may be cut at an acute angle to the cleat device 608 into the socket means, and pulled therefrom. 当组装时,防滑钉装置608的立柱622的底面660靠在壳体盖606上。 When assembled, the bottom surface of the post 608 of the cleat device 622 660 606 against the housing cover. 在某些实施方式中,壳体盖606可以具有与防滑钉装置608的立柱622的底面660的形状互补的棘爪。 In certain embodiments, the housing cover 606 may have the shape of a bottom surface of the cleat device 608 and 660 of the post 622 is complementary detent. 防滑钉装置608的立柱622的底面660可以是任何形状,例如圆形,卵形,正方形,矩形,等等。 Post 608 of the cleat device 622 bottom surface 660 may be any shape, such as circular, oval, square, rectangular, and the like. 装置608的立柱622的底面660的形状和壳体盖606中的互补的棘爪优选是不对称的,因此防滑钉装置608不太可能旋转,并且防滑钉装置可以与固定它的鞋保持某种、例如预定的对齐。 Means post 608 and the bottom surface 622 of the housing 660 of the cap shape complementary detent 606 is preferably asymmetrical, so cleat device 608 is less likely to rotate, and the cleat device may retain some of its fixed shoe , for example, a predetermined alignment.

[0120] 在某些实施方式中,装置608(例如防滑钉)的底部可以具有贯穿的孔638,以便于从装置插座610中拆卸装置608。 [0120] In certain embodiments, the bottom of the device 608 (e.g., cleats) may have a hole 638 therethrough, so that the device 608 to the socket 610 detached from the apparatus.

[0121] 装置插座610的各部件可以由任何材料制成,例如刚性聚合物、陶瓷、不锈钢、复合材料、聚合物涂敷的金属、等等。 [0121] outlet means of each member 610 may be made of any material, such as rigid polymers, ceramics, stainless steel, composite, polymer coated metal, and the like. 在某些实施方式中,壳体602的各部件、开口环簧604和壳体盖606由刚塑性材料制成。 In certain embodiments, the various components of the housing 602, the split ring spring 604 and the housing cover 606 is made of a rigid plastic material.

[0122] 图24A和24B分别显示了这里公开的各实施方式中使用的典型的壳体602的顶视图和剖视图。 [0122] Figures 24A and 24B show a top view and a cross-sectional view of a typical case of the embodiments disclosed herein using 602. 该剖视图展示了可以具有三层640、642、646的内腔602,每层具有不同尺寸的直径。 The cross-sectional view showing a lumen 602 may have three layers 640,642,646, and each having a different diameter sizes. 内腔618的三个层640、642、646的大小分别被做成能适应插入物装置608的立柱622、开口环簧(在膨胀的形式中)604、和壳体盖606。 The size of the lumen 618 of the three layers 640,642,646 are made to adapt the insert device 622 of the post 608, the split ring spring (in expanded form) 604, and a housing cover 606. 图24A和24B包括各种测量数据,但是不难理解,多个其他尺寸和形状的壳体基座可以和这里公开的固定机构一起使用。 24A and 24B include various measurements, it is easy to understand, for use with a plurality of fixing means housing base may be other sizes and shapes and disclosed herein.

[0123] 图24C和24D分别显示了这里公开的各实施方式中使用的具有孔拟6的典型的壳体盖606顶视图和剖视图。 [0123] FIGS. 24C and 24D show the embodiments disclosed herein are intended for use with aperture 606 and a cross-sectional view of a typical view of the housing cover 6. 壳体盖606的直径同于内腔618的顶层640的直径。 Diameter of the cover housing 606 with the diameter of the top layer 640 of the lumen 618. 在某些实施方式中,壳体盖606的厚度如此确定,即当插入壳体602中时,壳体602的顶部和壳体盖606平齐。 In certain embodiments, the thickness of the housing cover 606 is determined so that, when inserted into the housing 602, the housing 602 and the housing cover 606 flush with the top. 图24C和24D包括各种测量数据,但是不难理解,多个其他尺寸和形状的壳体盖可以和这里公开的固定机构一起使用。 FIGS. 24C and 24D fixing means include various measurements, it is easy to understand, a plurality of other sizes and shapes of housing and cover may be used with the disclosure herein.

[0124] 图24E和24F分别显示了开口环簧604的顶视图和剖视图。 [0124] FIGS. 24E and 24F show a top view and a cross-sectional view of the split ring spring 604. 开口环簧604的直径小于内腔618的中间层642的直径,但大于内腔618的底层644的直径。 The intermediate layer diameter of the split ring spring 642 is smaller than the diameter of the lumen 604 618, but larger than the diameter of the bottom 644 of the lumen 618. 位于开口环簧604 中心的孔612的直径和装置立柱622的槽628的直径一样大小,并且当立柱622插入到装置插座610里时,可以膨胀到立柱632的直径。 The diameter of the same size as the opening diameter of the ring spring 604 and the center of the device hole 612 of the post 622 of the slot 628, and when the post 622 is inserted into the device receptacle 610, the post 632 may be expanded to a diameter of. 如上所述,限定开口环簧604的孔612的顶缘62½和底缘624b可以成一定的角度。 As described above, defining the split ring spring 604 of the hole 612 a top edge and a bottom edge 624b may 62½ angled. 该角的角度与装置立柱622的槽6¾的顶缘630a 和底缘630b上的角的角度互补。 A top edge corner angle 630a and 630b on the bottom edge of the angle of the corner post means 6¾ groove 622 complementary. 图24E和24F包括各种测量数据,但是不难理解,多个其他尺寸和形状的开口环簧可以和这里公开的固定机构一起使用。 FIGS. 24E and 24F include various measurements, it is easy to understand, for use with a plurality of fixing means other size and shape of the split ring spring and may be disclosed herein. 例如,环606(和立柱622 上的相应的槽628)的厚度可以变化,以适应锁紧力的增加或减少。 For example, the thickness of the ring 606 (and corresponding grooves 628 on uprights 622) may be varied to accommodate the locking force is increased or decreased.

[0125] 图24G显示了防滑钉装置608的剖视图。 [0125] FIG 24G shows a sectional view of the cleat device 608. 从鞋底的底部伸出的防滑钉装置616的底部可以是任何形状,例如,如在图24G所示的防滑钉装置中描绘的截锥形。 A bottom 616 extending from the bottom sole cleat device may be any shape, e.g., frusto-conical as shown in the cleat device depicted in FIG. 24G. 如上所述,在 As described above,

185 185

某些实施方式中,防滑钉608的底部622的在组装该装置时接触防滑钉插座610的组件的表面660可以设计成任何形状,并且在优选实施方式中,可以与壳体盖606的在组装时靠在表面660上的表面上的棘爪的形状互补。 Some embodiments, the bottom 608 of the cleat 622 contacts the cleat when the apparatus is assembled socket surface 610 of the assembly 660 can be designed in any shape, and in a preferred embodiment, the housing cover 606 may be assembled when the pawl against the upper surface of the upper surface 660 of complementary shape. 如图24G所示,防滑钉装置608的顶部622具有由倾斜边缘630a、630b限定的环形凹槽628。 FIG. 24G, the top 622 of the cleat device 608 having a beveled edge 630a, 630b defined by an annular groove 628. 环形凹槽628的边缘630a、630b的角度优选与限定开口环弹簧604的孔612的角度互补,并且环形凹槽628的厚度和长度如此确定,即当防滑钉固定装置600被完全组装好时,开口环簧604停在环形凹槽628内。 The edge of the annular groove 628 630a, 630b and preferably defines an angle of the split ring spring hole 612 is complementary to the angle 604, and the thickness and length of the annular groove 628 is determined such that when the cleat fixing device 600 is fully assembled, the split ring spring 604 within the annular groove 628 stops. 在某些实施方式中,底部的未由环形凹槽632限定的直径(立柱的外缘的直径)同于壳体602的内腔618的底层644的直径,因此防滑钉装置的底部634的最底层部分停在壳体602的空腔618 的第三层644内。 In certain embodiments, the bottom of the annular groove 632 is not defined by the diameter (outer edge of the column) with the diameter of the lumen 618 of the bottom 602 of the housing 644, so the bottom of the cleat device 634 most the bottom part of the third layer 644 parked in the cavity 618 of the housing 602. 当开口环簧604处于静止状态时,立柱622的外缘的直径632大于开口环簧604的孔612的直径,但在组装过程中,当开口环簧604膨胀时,它仍可以穿过开口环簧604的孔612。 When the split ring spring 604 is in a stationary state, the diameter of the outer edge 632 of the post 622 is larger than the opening diameter of the hole 604 of the ring spring 612, but during assembly, when the split ring spring 604 expands, it can still pass through the opening ring spring hole 612 604.

[0126] 图25显示了防滑钉组件套装650的分解透视图。 [0126] FIG. 25 shows an exploded perspective view of a cleat assembly 650 set. 在该实施方式中,鞋底可以包括第一部分652和可以可拆卸地固定到第一部分652上的第二部分656。 In this embodiment, the sole may include a first portion 652 and may be removably secured to the first portion 652 of second portion 656. 鞋底的第一部分652被固定到鞋子主体的底部,并且可以具有多个防滑钉空腔654,其中防滑钉空腔被设置用来安放多个防滑钉插座610。 Shoe 652 is secured to the bottom of the first body portion of the sole, and may have a plurality of cleat cavities 654, wherein the cavity cleat is provided for accommodating a plurality of cleat receptacle 610. 防滑钉插座610被固定在鞋底的第一部分652的防滑钉空腔654中,例如用胶水或者其他手段。 The cleat receptacle 610 is fixed to the sole cleat cavities 652 in the first portion 654, for example with glue, or other means. 鞋底的第二部分656可以包含多个孔658,它们以与鞋底的第一部分652中的防滑钉空腔肪4相同的布局定位。 The second portion of the sole 656 may comprise a plurality of holes 658 are positioned in the same cavity cleat fatty first portion 652 of the sole 4 of the layout. 多个防滑钉装置608可以插过鞋底的第二部分的孔658,因此防滑钉装置608的立柱622伸过鞋底的第二部分656,并且露出来。 A second plurality of aperture portions cleat device 608 may be inserted through the sole 658, thus the cleat device 608 of post 622 extending through a second portion of the sole 656, and exposed. 这样,立柱622被露出来,以插入防滑钉插座610里。 Thus, the post 622 is exposed, to be inserted into the socket 610 in the cleat. 在图25所示的实施方式中, 防滑钉装置608的众多立柱622被安放在鞋底的第一部分652的防滑钉插座610里,从而将鞋底的第二部分656及防滑钉装置608固定到鞋底的第一部分652和鞋上。 In the embodiment shown in FIG. 25, the number of the cleat device 622 of the post 608 is placed in the first portion of sole cleat 652 in the socket 610 so that the sole portion 656 and second cleat secured to the sole 608 of the apparatus the first portion 652 and a shoe upper. 图沈描绘了组装好的防滑钉组件套装620的透视图。 FIG Shen depicts a perspective view of the assembled cleat assembly 620 set.

[0127] 图27是简图,展示了典型的装置插座610。 [0127] FIG. 27 is a diagram illustrating an exemplary device receptacle 610. 在一个实施方式中,防滑钉插座610可以包括壳体602,壳体602由两个相连的部件707 (a)和707 (b)组成,从而形成用于安放立柱622的内腔618。 In one embodiment, the cleat receptacle 610 may include a housing 602, a housing 602 connected by the two members 707 (a) and 707 (b) composition, thereby defining a lumen 618 for placement of the column 622. 根据图27所示的实施方式,壳体602的内腔618可以如此配置,即让立柱622完全坐在内腔618内。 According to the embodiment shown in FIG. 27, the cavity 618 of the housing 602 may be configured such that the post 622 is fully let sit within lumen 618. 如图27所示,内腔618可以包括三层640、642、644,每层具有不同尺寸的直径。 27, lumen 618 may include three layers 640,642,644, each having a different diameter sizes. 内腔618的三个层640、642、644的大小要适合插入物装置608的立柱622。 The size of the lumen 618 of the three layers 640,642,644 is adapted to be inserted into the device 608 posts 622.

[0128] 防滑钉插座610具有多边形(例如正方形,矩形,三角形,或者八边形)的棘爪704,从而提供防止旋转的闭锁机构。 [0128] The cleat receptacle 610 having a detent polygonal (e.g. square, rectangular, triangular or octagonal) 704, thereby providing a locking mechanism to prevent rotation. 棘爪704可以保持插入物装置608适当对齐,并防止旋转。 Pawl 704 can insert holding means 608 in proper alignment and prevent rotation. 棘爪704被模制在防滑钉插座610中,因此只要防滑钉608被插到位,它就与多边形棘爪704对正。 Pawl 704 is molded cleat receptacle 610, so long as the cleat 608 is inserted in place, it is the detent 704 alignment polygon. 防滑钉插座610具有保持槽708,在重叠模压到鞋底里之后,保持槽用来将弹簧和弹簧套牢牢地保持在适当的位置。 Cleat receptacle 610 having a retaining groove 708, after the overmolding of the sole, the groove for holding the spring and spring housing firmly held in place. 防滑钉插座610具有多个连接装置710,至少用于连接构成图27中的壳体602的部件707 (a)和707 (b)。 Cleat receptacle 610 having a plurality of connection means 710, at least for the housing 27 constituting the connection member 602 of FIG. 707 (a) and 707 (b).

[0129] 防滑钉插座610可以由两个相同的部件707(a)和707 (b)构造而成,因此只需要一个注模部件。 [0129] The cleat receptacle 610 may be constructed from two identical members 707 (a) and 707 (b) is made, thus requiring only one injection molded part. 在组装之前,开口环簧604可以放在防滑钉插座610的防滑钉空腔608里(例如,层642里)。 Prior to assembly, the split ring spring 604 can be placed cleat cleat receptacle 608 in the cavity 610 (e.g., in layer 642). 防滑钉插座可以放进鞋底(或者防滑钉空腔654)里,用于重叠模压操作,从而将防滑钉插座610永远固定到位。 Sole cleat receptacle may be placed (or cleat cavities 654), the operation for overmolding, so that the cleat receptacle 610 is always fixed in place.

[0130] 图^A是简图,展示了带有垂直的拔出开口716的典型防滑钉。 [0130] FIG. ^ A is a diagram showing a typical with a vertical extraction opening 716 of the cleat. 在一个实施方式中,防滑钉装置608具有立柱622和防滑钉616。 In one embodiment, the cleat device 608 having a post 622 and stud 616. 防滑钉622用于提供抓地性,而立柱622 用于装配到防滑钉插座610里,从而将防滑钉装置608可靠地锁定在防滑钉插座610里。 Cleat 622 for providing traction, and a post 622 is fitted into the socket 610 in the cleat, the cleat device 608 thereby securely lock the cleat 610 in the receptacle. 如图28A所示,防滑钉616可以呈具有平坦顶部的圆锥状,或者其他形状,例如立方体、具有尖锐的边缘、扁平形状的防滑钉、等等。 28A, the cleat 616 may be a conical shape having a flat top, or other shapes such as a cube, having sharp edges, the flat-shaped cleat, and the like. 垂直的拔出开口716可以允许专门的装置啮合在垂直的拔出开口716里,并且通过防滑钉装置608的主体,以便允许移除防滑钉装置608。 Vertical extraction opening 716 may allow engaging in specialized apparatus in a vertical extraction opening 716, and the body 608 by cleat means to allow removal of the cleat device 608. 垂直的拔出开口716,如图28A所示,可以是圆形的,并且可以从防滑钉顶部延伸并向下移动到防滑钉主体里。 Vertical extraction opening 716, as shown in Figure 28A, may be circular, and may extend from the top cleat move downwardly in the body of the cleat. 垂直的拔出开口716可以允许插入销(未显示),例如圆形的插入销,插入到垂直的拔出开口716中,以便从防滑钉插座610中拔出防滑钉装置608。 Vertical extraction opening 716 may permit insertion of a pin (not shown), such as circular insertion pin is inserted into the vertical extraction opening 716, so as to pull out the cleat device 608 from the cleat receptacle 610. 垂直的拔出开口716位于防滑钉主体的中心并且垂直通过防滑钉主体。 Vertical extraction opening 716 is located in the center of the cleat body and the vertical through the cleat body. 在一个实施方式中,垂直的拔出孔716起始于防滑钉的顶部中心,并且端部距离防滑钉底部(未显示)几毫米。 In one embodiment, the vertical extraction hole 716 starting at the top center of the cleat, and an end portion (not shown) a few millimeters from the bottom of the cleat.

[0131] 图28B是简图,展示了带有水平拔出开口638的典型防滑钉装置608。 [0131] FIG. 28B is a diagram illustrating a typical with a horizontal extraction opening 638 of the cleat device 608. 在一个实施方式中,防滑钉装置608具有立柱622和防滑钉616。 In one embodiment, the cleat device 608 having a post 622 and stud 616. 防滑钉616用于提供抓地性,而立柱616用于装配到防滑钉插座610里,从而将防滑钉装置608可靠地锁定在防滑钉插座610 里。 Cleat 616 for providing traction, and column 616 for fitting into the cleat receptacle 610, the cleat device 608 so as to securely lock the cleat 610 in the receptacle. 防滑钉616可以如图28B所示,呈带有平坦顶部的圆锥状,或者其他形状,例如立方体、 带有尖锐的边缘、扁平形状的防滑钉、等等。 Cleat 616 may FIG. 28B, a conical shape with a flat top, or other shapes such as a cube, with sharp edges, the flat-shaped cleat, and the like. 防滑钉装置608可以具有允许使用专门装置的水平拔出开口638,专门装置通过水平拔出开口638和防滑钉装置608的主体啮合到防滑钉的侧面,以便允许移除防滑钉装置608。 Cleat device 608 may have a special device allowing the use of a horizontal extraction opening 638, specialized apparatus body 638 and the extraction opening side cleat device 608 into the cleat engaged by the horizontal so as to allow removal of the cleat device 608. 水平的(或者侧面的)拔出开口638,如图28B所示,从防滑钉的侧面开始延伸,并且贯穿防滑钉的主体。 Level (or sides) extraction opening 638, as shown in FIG. 28B extending from a side of the cleat start, and throughout the body of the cleat. 水平的拔出开口638可以允许插入销(未显示),例如圆形的插入销,插入到水平的拔出开口638中,以便从防滑钉插座610中拔出防滑钉装置608。 Horizontal extraction opening 638 may permit insertion of a pin (not shown), such as circular insertion pin is inserted into the horizontal extraction opening 638 in order to pull out the cleat device 608 from the cleat receptacle 610.

[0132] 图四是简图,展示了典型的垂直拔出装置720。 [0132] Figure IV is a diagram illustrating a typical vertical extraction device 720. 在一个实施方式中,垂直的拔出装置720可以具有手柄722,握住手柄能够从防滑钉插座610拔出防滑钉装置608。 In one embodiment, the vertical extraction device 720 may have a handle 722, the receptacle holding the handle 610 can be pulled cleat device 608 from the cleat. 手柄722 可以具有管状的握持部分,它被配置用来允许角旋转,从而从防滑钉插座610中拔出防滑钉装置608。 Handle 722 may have a tubular grip portion, which is configured to permit angular rotation to pull the cleat device 608 from the cleat receptacle 610. 手柄722在手柄722的中点处被垂直固定到中间部分723上。 At the midpoint of the handle 722 of the handle 722 is vertically fixed to the intermediate portion 723. 插入销7¾被固定到中间部分723的端部,并且被配置成向下装配到防滑钉616的垂直拔出开口716里, 从而使防滑钉装置608与防滑钉插座610分离。 7¾ insert pin is fixed to the end portion of the intermediate portion 723, and is configured to fit down into the cleat 616 vertical extraction opening 716, the device 608 such that the cleat with the cleat receptacle 610 separated. 垂直的拔出装置720还可以包括位于手柄722侧面内的凹坑724,当它放在防滑钉的顶部725上并且向下推到装置插座610里时,它会将防滑钉608锁定到位。 Vertical extraction device 720 may further include recesses 722 in the side handle 724, when it is placed on top of the cleat 725 and pushed down to the device receptacle 610, the cleat 608 it will lock in place. 垂直的拔出装置720可以被配置用来在将插入销7¾插入到垂直的拔出开口716里、将销7¾推到防滑钉主体的底部、并且当手柄722角旋转时施加向下的力之后,使防滑钉与插座分离。 After vertical extraction device 720 may be configured to be inserted in a pin inserted into 7¾ vertical extraction opening 716, the pushing pin 7¾ cleat bottom of the body, and a downward force is applied when the rotation angle of the handle 722 the cleat and the socket separation. 然后销7¾偏离中心轴线移动10到15度,并且立柱622 与弹簧604脱离。 And offset from the central axis of the pin is moved 7¾ 10 to 15 degrees, and the spring 604 from the column 622. 垂直的拔出装置720使防滑钉608与其中心轴线成微小的角度脱离,从而允许弹簧604开始离开杆部622。 Vertical extraction device 720 so that the central axis of the cleat 608 to its disengaged at a slight angle, thereby allowing the spring 604 begins to leave the rod portion 622. 在一个实施方式中,垂直的拔出装置720允许移除扁平形状的防滑钉(未显示),即使它因磨蚀而耗损。 In one embodiment, the vertical extraction device 720 allows for removal of the flat-shaped cleat (not shown), even if it is due to erosion and wear.

[0133] 图30是简图,展示了典型的水平拔出装置730。 [0133] FIG. 30 is a diagram illustrating a typical level extraction means 730. 在一个实施方式中,水平的拔出装置730具有管状的手柄732,手柄732允许握持,以施加可靠的力,从而从装置插座610中拔出防滑钉装置608。 In one embodiment, the level of the extraction device 730 has a tubular handle 732, the handle 732 allows gripping to exert a reliable force to pull the device from the cleat device 608 in the socket 610. 此外,手柄732可以被固定到圆柱形的头部733上,头部733又被固定到具有插入销734的曲线延伸部分735上。 Further, the handle 732 may be fixed to the cylindrical head portion 733, head portion 733 is in turn secured to a pin 734 having a curved insertion portion 735 extends. 在一个实施方式中,插入销734可以被配置用来装配到平行于装置插座610的侧面拔出孔638里,从而允许从防滑钉插座610中拔出防滑钉装置608。 In one embodiment, the insert pin 734 may be configured to fit into the device receptacle 610 parallel to the side surface of the hole 638 in the extraction, allowing the extraction of the cleat device 608 from the cleat receptacle 610. 手柄732可以被配置用来使用向下的力从防滑钉插座610中拔出防滑钉装置608。 Handle 732 may be configured to use a downward force pulled from the cleat receptacle 610. The cleat device 608. 在一个实施方式中,插入销734可以被啮合到水平的拔出开口638里,手柄732可以垂直于装置插座610旋转,并且施加向下的杠杆作用,从而通过向上提防滑钉608,以从装置插座610中拔出防滑钉608。 In one embodiment, the insert pin 734 may be engaged to the horizontal extraction opening 638, the handle 732 may be perpendicular to the rotation device receptacle 610, and applies a downward leverage, so that by lifting up the cleat 608 to the device from cleat receptacle 610 removed 608. 在一个实施方式中,插入销734可以是圆形的插入销,并且直径可以只有几毫米。 In one embodiment, the pin 734 is inserted into the insert pin may be circular, and may be only a few millimeters in diameter. 水平的拔出装置730还可以具有位于手柄732侧面内的凹坑731, 当它放在防滑钉装置608的顶部上并且向下推到装置插座610里时,它会将防滑钉装置608 锁定到位。 Level extraction device 730 may also have recesses in the side surface 732 of the handle 731, when it is placed on top of the cleat device 608 into the device and pushed down inside the socket 610, it will lock the cleat device 608 into place .

[0134] 图31A是典型的扁平形状的防滑钉740的前视图。 [0134] FIG. 31A is a front view of a typical flat-shaped cleat 740. 在一个实施方式中,如图31A 所示,扁平形状的防滑钉740可以具有顶部742和底部(即立柱62¾。顶部742可以被配置用来提供抓地性和侧滑阻力。底部(即立柱62¾被配置用来将可拆卸的防滑钉装置608 可靠地锁定到装置插座610里。 In one embodiment, shown in FIG. 31A, the flat-shaped cleat 740 may have a top and a bottom 742 (i.e., the column 62¾. Top 742 may be configured to provide traction and skid resistance. Bottom (i.e., post 62¾ It is configured to be removable cleat device 608 to securely lock the device 610 in the receptacle.

[0135] 图31B是图31A的典型的扁平形状的防滑钉740的ISO图。 [0135] FIG. 31B is a view of the cleat 31A typical flat shape ISO 740 of FIG. 在一个实施方式中, 扁平形状的防滑钉740可以包括被配置用来提供抓地性的顶部742,顶部742具有带有多个沟槽(例如沟槽746)表面743、弯曲的外缘741、以及从顶部开始穿过立柱622的一段的垂直的拔出开口716。 In one embodiment, the flat shape of the cleat 740 may be configured to include a grip provided at the top of 742, a top 742 having an outer edge with a plurality of trenches (e.g., trenches 746) surface 743, curved 741, through the extraction opening 716 and the beginning of the vertical section of the post 622 from the top. 表面743可以被设置成任何形状,例如圆形、正方形、三角形。 Surface 743 may be provided in any shape, such as circular, square, triangular. 沟槽,例如沟槽746,从垂直的拔出开口716向外延伸至扁平形状的防滑钉740的弯曲的外缘741。 Grooves, such as grooves 746, from the vertical extraction opening 716 extending outwardly to the flat shape of the outer edge of the curved cleat 740 741. 从开口716或者中心环745向外延伸的沟槽可以产生多个配备在表面743顶部上的抓地部分,例如抓地部分744。 Generating a plurality of gripping portions may be provided on the top surface 743 of the opening 716 from the center of the trench or outwardly extending ring 745, for example, the grip portion 744.

[0136] 图32A是典型的穗状防滑钉750的前视图。 [0136] FIG. 32A is a front view of an exemplary spike cleat 750. 在一个实施方式中,如图32A所示,穗状防滑钉750可以具有顶部(或防滑钉616)和底部(或立柱62幻。顶部(或防滑钉616) 可以被配置用来提供抓地性和侧滑阻力。底部(或立柱62¾被配置用来将可拆卸的防滑钉装置608可靠地锁定到装置插座610里。 In one embodiment, shown in Figure 32A, spike cleat 750 may have (or cleat 616) and a bottom (or 62 column phantom top (or cleat 616) may be configured to provide traction resistance and sliding bottom (or column 62¾ configured to the removable cleat device 608 to securely lock the device 610 in the receptacle.

[0137] 图32B是图32B的典型的穗状防滑钉750的ISO图。 [0137] FIG. 32B is a view of a typical spike cleat ISO 750 of FIG. 32B. 在一个实施方式中,穗状防滑钉750的顶部可以具有多个的侧臂(例如侧臂752),这些侧臂被设置成围绕中心短柱758 向上弯曲。 In one embodiment, the top of the spike cleat 750 may have a plurality of side arms (e.g., arm 752 side), the side arms are arranged around the central stub 758 is bent upward. 中心短柱758可以被斜削,并且可以具有从中心短柱758的顶部开始穿过立柱622的一段延伸的垂直的拔出开口716。 Central stub 758 may be beveled and may have a central stub 758 from the top of the start of the vertical extraction opening 716 through the section of the post 622 extends. 这些侧臂,例如侧臂752,如图32B所示,可以具有斜缘,向上延伸,或者呈L形。 These side arms, for example 752, as shown in FIG side arm 32B, may have a beveled edge extending upwardly, or L-shaped. 此外,每个侧臂可以包括内表面757、外表面755、至少两个侧面(例如侧面756)、顶面7M和内斜面753,如图32B所示。 In addition, each side arm 757 may include an inner surface, an outer surface 755, at least two sides (e.g., side face 756), a top surface and an inner 7M ramp 753, as shown in FIG 32B. 穗状防滑钉750可以是两个结构部件,即乙酰基聚合物立柱622和更软的聚氨基甲酸酯顶部(或防滑钉616)。 Spike cleat 750 may be two structural members, i.e. acetyl polymer post 622 and a softer polyurethane top portion (or cleat 616).

[0138] 图33A是简图,展示了典型的闭锁系统。 [0138] FIG 33A is a diagram illustrating an exemplary latching system. 如图33A所示,闭锁系统依赖于设计立柱622与弹簧604之间的大范围的插入和离开力的能力。 As shown in FIG. 33A locking system relies on the ability to leave the insertion force and a wide range of design between post 622 and spring 604. 在某些实施方式中,对立柱622 上的末端634的改变和对弹簧604中的顶缘62½的相应改变可以改进将有待紧固的立柱622啮合到弹簧604里所需的总插入力。 In certain embodiments, the upper end of the post 622 and corresponding changes to change the top edge 604 of 62½ spring 634 may be secured to improve the post 622 engages the total insertion force required in the spring 604. 在某些实施方式中,这种改进可能相当大。 In certain embodiments, such modifications can be quite large. 同样, 在某些实施方式中,对立柱622上的底缘630b之间的角度的改变以及对弹簧604上的底缘624b的相应改变可以改变有待紧固的立柱622的总离开力。 Also, in some embodiments, the change in the angle between the bottom edge 630b on the post 622 and the corresponding change in bottom edge 624b on the spring 604 may be secured to change the total post 622 leave the force. 在某些实施方式中,这种改进可能相当大。 In certain embodiments, such modifications can be quite large. 当角度从0增加到90度,啮合或脱离所需的力增加。 When the angle increases from 0 to 90 degrees, the force required to engage or disengage increased. 接近90度的角度使得不可能啮合或者分离有待紧固的立柱622,而较小的角度,优选小于30、25、20或者15度的角度使得所需的插入和离开力相对较小。 An angle close to 90 degrees or makes it impossible to separate the engagement post 622 to be secured, and the smaller angle, preferably an angle less than 30,25,20 or 15 degrees so that the required insertion force is relatively small and departure. 因此,插入和离开力可以彼此独立地控制。 Accordingly, the insertion force and departure can be controlled independently of each other. 对立柱622的斜边630b或者末端634的改变独立地控制着插入或者离开所需的力的范围,而对弹簧604的改变同样控制着插入/离开力的范围。 Changes to or oblique end 630b of post 622 634 independently controls the insertion or leaving the scope of the force required to change the spring 604 also controls the insertion / exit force range. 同样,弹簧604的材料的抗张强度的改变同样会改变插入/离开力的压力范围。 Similarly, changing the tensile strength of the material of the spring 604 will also change the pressure range of the insertion / exit force. 多个可供选择的用于控制闭锁插入和离开力的方法提供了相当大的闭锁应用范围和设计自由度。 A method for controlling a plurality of alternative locking insertion force and leave the latching provides considerable design freedom and range of applications.

[0139] 图3¾是简图,展示了典型的闭锁系统的详图。 [0139] FIG 3¾ is a diagram illustrating a detail exemplary latching system. 如图3¾所示,斜边630a和末端634可以具有不同的或者相同的角度。 FIG 3¾, the hypotenuse 630a and terminal 634 may have the same or a different angle. 在一个实施方式中,如3¾所示,斜边630b可以具有等于37. 42度的角度,而末端634可以具有等于39. 33度的角度。 In one embodiment, as shown in 3¾, 630b may have an oblique angle equal to 37.42 degrees, and the tip 634 may have an angle equal to 39.33 degrees.

[0140] 以上描述是通过举例而不是限制给出的。 [0140] The above description is by way of example and not limitation. 给出了上述描述,本领域技术人员可以作出各种变化,这些变化都在这里公开的发明的范围和思想之内。 Given the foregoing description, one skilled in the art that various changes may be made within the scope and spirit of these variations are herein disclosed invention. 此外,这里公开的实施方式的各种部件可以单独使用,或者相互结合使用,并且不打算局限于这里描述的特定结合。 Further, various components of the embodiments disclosed herein may be used alone, or in combination with each other, and are not intended to be limited to binding a particular described herein. 因此,权利要求的范围不受所展示的实施方式的限制。 Accordingly, the scope of the claims without limiting the illustrated embodiment.

[0141] 虽然上面已经描述了本发明的各种实施方式,但不难理解它们仅仅是用来举例说明,而非限制。 [0141] Although the above embodiment has been described in various embodiments of the present invention, it is easy to understand that they are merely intended to illustrate, and not limitation. 同样,各种简图可以描绘本发明的实施例的建筑结构或者其他结构,这么做有助于理解本发明包含的各种部件及功能。 Similarly, various schematic may depict a building structure or other structures of the embodiment of the present invention, and do help to understand the functions of the various components comprising the present invention. 本发明不局限于所展示的实施例的构造或者结构,但是所需的部件可以用各种备选的构造和结构来实施。 Configuration or structure of the embodiment of the present invention is not limited to the illustrated, but the components required may be implemented in a variety of alternative configurations and structures. 事实上,本领域熟练技术人员不难理解备选的功能的、逻辑的或者物理的划分和结构是如何实施的,以实现本发明所需的部件。 Indeed, those skilled in the art will readily appreciated that alternative functions, logical or physical partitioning and how the structure of the embodiment, the present invention is to achieve the desired member. 另外,除了这里描述的之外,大量的不同组成的模块名也可以应用于各种划分。 Further, described herein in addition, a large number of different compositions module name may be applied to various division. 另外, 关于流程图、工作描述和方法权利要求,除非上下文要求,否则这里介绍的步骤顺序不应该要求各实施方式按相同的顺序来实施,以完成列举的功能。 Further, with regard to the flowchart, job descriptions and method claims, unless the context requires otherwise, the order of steps described herein should not require the embodiments implemented in the same order, to perform the recited functions.

[0142] 尽管本发明是依据各种典型的实施例和实施方式来做以上描述的,但不难理解在一个或多个单独的实施方式中描述的各种部件、方面和功能不局限应用于用以描述它们的特定实施方式。 [0142] Although the present invention has been done based on the above-described exemplary embodiments and various embodiments, it is not difficult to understand the various components described in one or more individual embodiments, aspects and features are not limited applied to describe the specific embodiments thereof. 相反,这些实施例可以单独或者以不同的组合应用于一个或多个本发明的其他实施方式。 Rather, these embodiments can be used alone or in various combinations, to one or a plurality of other embodiments of the present invention. 无论是否作为所描述的实施方式的一部分来描述这些实施方式或介绍这些部件,都是如此。 Whether an embodiment of the described embodiment or embodiments to describe these components introduce a part, it is true. 因此,本发明的宽度和范围不应受任何上述典型实施方式的限制。 Thus, the breadth and scope of the invention should not be limited by any of the above-described exemplary embodiments.

[0143] 除非有明确的描述,否则用在本文件中的术语和字句及其变化应该视为开放式的,而非限制性的。 [0143] Unless explicitly described otherwise used in this document, the terms and phrases and their variations should be considered open-ended, rather than restrictive. 作为上述的例子:术语“包括”应该当做“包括,但不局限于”的意思;术语“例子”用于提供论述中的零件的典型实例,而非穷举或者限制其名单;术语“一”应该当做“至少一个”、“一个或多个”、等等的意思;诸如“常规的”、“传统的”、“正常的”、“标准的”、 “已知的”之类的形容词以及相似意思的术语不应该视为将描述的零件限制到给定的时期或者从给定的时间起可用的零件,而是应该当做包括现在或者将来任何时候可以利用的或者已知的常规的、传统的、正常的或者标准的技术。 As the examples: the term "including" should be as "including, but not limited to"; the term "example" is used to provide exemplary instances of parts in discussion, not exhaustive or limiting list thereof; the terms "a" should be as "at least one", "one or more", etc. means; such as "conventional," "traditional," "normal," "standard," "known" and adjectives like the term similar meaning should not be considered limited to the parts described will be given the starting time or the available parts from a given time, but should include as known or conventional, traditional now or in the future may be utilized at any time , normal or standard techniques. 同样,在本文件引用了可能对本领域普通技术人员来说显而易见的或者已知的技术的地方,这些技术包括现在或者将来任何时候对本领域熟练技术人员来说显而易见的或者已知的技术。 Similarly, references in this document may be those of ordinary skill in obvious places or known technology, these technologies now or in the future, including any time of the skilled person would be apparent or known techniques.

[0144] 除非明确地表述,否则用连接词“和”连接起来的一组零件不应该当做需要这些零件中每一个都存在于组中,而是应该当做“和/或”。 [0144] Unless explicitly stated otherwise, with the conjunction "and" a group of connected parts should not be required as these parts are present in each group, but rather as "and / or." 同样,除非明确地表述,否则用连接词“或”连接起来的一组零件不应该当做需要在该组中需要相互排斥,而是还应该当做“和/ 或”。 Similarly, unless explicitly stated otherwise by the conjunction "or" a set of parts connected together should not be required as required mutual exclusivity among that group, but should also be used as "and / or." 此外,虽然本发明的零件、元件或部件可以用单个来描述或者要求保护,但打算将多个也涵盖在本发明的范围之内,除非明确地描述限制为单个。 Furthermore, although the parts, elements or components of the present invention may be described or claimed in a single, but a plurality intended to be encompassed within the scope of the invention unless explicitly described as a single limit.

[0145] 在有些情况下,诸如“一个或多个”、“至少”、“但不局限于”一类的扩展性词汇或者其他类似字句的存在不应该当做意味着在这些扩展性字句可能不存在的例子中想要或者需要较窄的例子。 [0145] In some cases, such as "one or more," "at least," "but not limited to," there is an extended vocabulary of words, or the like should not as a class may not mean that these words scalability examples exist in want or need a narrower example. 使用术语“模块”并不暗示作为模块的部件而描述或者要求保护的组件或者功能被全部配置在一个共用包中。 Use of the term "module" does not imply that a component module or the component described in claims or protection functions are all arranged in a common package. 事实上,一个模块中的任何或者所有的各种部件,无论是控制逻辑部件,还是其他部件,都可以合并成单个包,或者分别保持,此外还跨多个位置分布。 Indeed, a module of any or all of the various components, both the control logic unit, or other components, can be combined into a single package or separately maintained, also distributed across multiple locations.

[0146] 另外,这里阐述的各种实施方式是依据典型的方块图、流程图和其他图表来描述的。 [0146] Further, the various embodiments set forth herein is an exemplary block diagrams, flow charts and other diagrams to be described. 在读过本文件之后,由于对本领域普通技术人员来说会变得显而易见,因此展示的实施方式及其各种可替换的实施方式可以实施,而不必限制到展示的实施例。 After I read this document, since those of ordinary skill in the art will become apparent, the embodiments and demonstrate various alternative embodiments may be implemented, but not necessarily limited to the embodiments illustrated. 例如,方块图及其附属说明不应视为要求特定的构造或者结构。 For example, a block diagram of description should not be considered as its subsidiary requirements of a particular configuration or structure.

Claims (27)

1.用于将装置紧固到对象上的固定机构,包括:被配置用来装配在所述对象的空腔内的装置插座,该装置插座包括具有内腔的壳体, 该内腔被配置用来安放装置;以及包括顶部以及底部的装置,该底部包括立柱,该立柱被配置成插入装置插座中,其中立柱包括环形凹槽;以及闭锁装置,其用于将立柱的环形凹槽保持在装置插座内的固定位置中,其中在立柱插入到装置插座里之前,闭锁装置要么位于立柱上,要么位于装置插座的内腔内,其中闭锁装置包括开口环簧,并且装置插座包括该开口环簧,该开口环簧具有一个孔,开口环簧的孔的直径与立柱的环形凹槽的直径相同,并且该开口环簧的孔的直径可以膨胀到立柱的外缘的直径的尺寸。 1. A fastening device to the fixing means on the object, comprising: a device receptacle configured to fit within the cavity of the object, the apparatus comprising a socket housing having a lumen, the lumen being configured means for mounting; and means comprising a top and a bottom, the bottom including a pillar is configured to be inserted in the receptacle means, wherein the post comprises an annular groove; and a latching means for holding the annular groove of the post in the before a fixed location within the device receptacle, wherein the post is inserted into the socket means, the locking means is located either on the column or chamber located within the device receptacle, wherein the locking means comprises a split ring spring, and the opening means comprises a ring spring receptacle the split ring spring with a hole diameter of the annular groove of the same bore diameter of the opening of the ring spring with the column, and the diameter of the opening hole of the ring spring can expand to the diameter of the outer periphery of the post.
2.权利要求1的固定装置,其中限定立柱的环形凹槽的边缘有一定的角度。 2. The fastening device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the annular groove is defined in the edge of the post are angled.
3.权利要求2的固定装置,其中限定开口环的孔的边缘有一定的角度,并且限定立柱的环形凹槽的边缘的角度和限定开口环的孔的边缘的角度互补。 3. The fixing device as claimed in claim 2, wherein the edges of the holes defining the split ring are angled, and the angle of the edge defining the annular groove of the post and defining the angle of the edge of the hole of the split ring are complementary.
4.权利要求1的固定机构,其中立柱包括开口立柱,该开口立柱具有开口,该开口被配置能够将开口立柱压缩到可以安放到壳体插座的内腔里。 Fixing means of claim 1, wherein the post comprises a split post, the post having an opening opening that is configured to be able to compress the split post to be placed in the lumen of the socket housing.
5.权利要求1的固定机构,其中所述装置是一件家具的第一部件,而所述对象是一件家具的第二部件。 Fixing means of claim 1, wherein said first means is a part of a piece of furniture, a second member and said object is a piece of furniture.
6.权利要求1的固定机构,其中所述装置是防滑钉,而所述对象是鞋。 Fixing means of claim 1, wherein said means is a stud, and the object is a shoe.
7.权利要求1的固定机构,其中所述装置是尾翼,而所述对象是船只。 Fixing means of claim 1, wherein said means is a fin, and the object is a vessel.
8.权利要求1的固定机构,其中所述装置是滑板板面,而所述对象是滑板滚轮。 Fixing means of claim 1, wherein said means is a skateboard deck, and the object is a slide roller.
9. 一种家具制品,包括:被结合到立柱上的基座,所述立柱被配置用来穿过开口环的内表面,开口环的内表面被配置用来当所述立柱穿过开口环的内表面插入和移除时膨胀和收缩;用于固定到基座上的对象,用于固定的所述对象包括:被配置用来安放开口环的壳体;和壳体盖,所述壳体盖被配置用来让立柱穿过壳体盖;其中穿过壳体盖和开口环插入立柱将用于固定的所述目标固定到所述基座上。 An article of furniture, comprising: a base coupled to the uprights, the uprights being configured to pass through the inner surface of the opening ring, the inner surface of the split ring when the post is configured to loop through the opening the inner surface of the expanded and contracted during insertion and removal; means for fixing the base onto the object for fixing the object comprises: a housing configured to place the split ring; and a housing cover, the housing the cover body is configured to allow the post through the housing lid; wherein the ring through the housing cover into the upright and the opening for fixing the target is fixed to said base.
10.权利要求9的家具制品,其中螺钉将立柱结合到基座上。 10. The article of furniture as claimed in claim 9, wherein the screw bound to the column base.
11.权利要求9的家具制品,其中立柱包括环形凹槽。 11.9 article of furniture as claimed in claim, wherein the post comprises an annular groove.
12.权利要求11的家具制品,其中限定立柱的环形凹槽的边缘有一定的角度。 12. The article of furniture as claimed in claim 11, wherein the annular groove is defined in the edge of the post are angled.
13.权利要求12的家具制品,其中限定开口环的内表面的边缘有一定的角度,并且限定立柱的环形凹槽的边缘的角度和限定开口环的内表面的边缘的角度互补。 13. The article of furniture as claimed in claim 12, wherein the edges defining the inner surface of the split ring are angled, and the angle of the edge defining the annular groove of the post and defining the angle of the edge surface of the inner split ring are complementary.
14.权利要求12的家具制品,其中立柱包括具有开口的开口立柱,开口被配置用来能够将开口立柱压缩到穿过壳体盖。 14. The article of furniture as claimed in claim 12, wherein the post comprises a split post having an opening, the opening is configured to be able to compress the split post to pass through the housing cover.
15. 一种鞋,包括鞋底,该鞋底包括被固定到鞋的底部的第一部分,鞋底的该第一部分包括至少一个被配置用来安放装置插座的空腔;装置插座,该装置插座包括壳体、开口环簧和壳体盖,其中开口环簧和壳体盖位于壳体的内腔内;和包括顶部和底部的防滑钉,其中顶部包括立柱,该立柱具有环形凹槽,立柱的环形凹槽具有的第二直径小于立柱的外缘的直径。 15. A shoe comprising a sole, the sole comprising a first portion is secured to the bottom of the shoe, the first sole portion includes at least one positioning means is arranged to the socket cavity; outlet means, the apparatus comprising a receptacle housing , the split ring spring and a housing lid, wherein the split ring spring and the housing lid located within the cavity of the housing; and a cleat comprising a top and a bottom, wherein the top includes a pillar having an annular recess, the annular recess of the post a second groove having a diameter less than the diameter of the outer periphery of the post.
16.权利要求15的鞋,其中装置插座包括具有孔的开口环簧,其中开口环簧的孔的直径等于立柱的环形凹槽的直径,并且开口环簧的孔的直径可以膨胀到到立柱的外缘的直径的尺寸。 16. A shoe as claimed in claim 15, wherein the receptacle means comprises a split ring spring with a hole, wherein the diameter of the hole of the split ring spring is equal to the diameter of the annular groove of the post, and the opening diameter of the hole of the ring spring can expand to the uprights diameter size of the outer edge.
17.权利要求15的鞋,其中装置插座还包括带有孔的壳体盖,其中孔的直径等于立柱的外缘的直径。 17. A shoe as claimed in claim 15, wherein the apparatus further comprises a receptacle housing cover with an aperture, wherein the aperture diameter equal to the diameter of the outer edge of the column.
18.权利要求17的鞋,其中开口环簧和壳体盖位于壳体的内腔内。 18. A shoe as claimed in claim 17, wherein the split ring spring and the housing cover positioned within the interior cavity of the housing.
19.权利要求18的鞋,其中限定立柱的环形凹槽的边缘有一定的角度。 19. The shoe as claimed in claim 18, wherein the annular groove is defined in the edge of the post are angled.
20.权利要求19的鞋,其中限定开口环的孔的边缘有一定的角度,并且限定立柱的环形凹槽的边缘的角度和限定开口环的孔的边缘的角度互补。 20. A shoe as claimed in claim 19, wherein the edges of the holes defining the split ring are angled, and the angle of the edge defining the annular groove of the post and defining the angle of the edge of the hole of the split ring are complementary.
21. 一种可拆卸的防滑钉装置,包括:被配置用来提供抓地性的顶部,顶部包括防滑钉,防滑钉具有从顶部开始延伸并且延伸到防滑钉主体里的垂直开口,或者从防滑钉的侧面开始延伸并穿过防滑钉主体的侧孔; 以及被固定到顶部并且被配置用来插入到插座中的底部,底部包括具有环形凹槽的杆部, 用于将可拆卸的防滑钉装置锁定到开口环插座里,其中环形凹槽由与底部互补的特定角度的几何形状组成。 21. A removable cleat device, comprising: a top configured to provide traction, the top cleat comprising a cleat having extending from the top to the cleat body and extending in the vertical opening, or from a non-slip side and the staple extends through the side hole cleat body; and is secured to the top and is configured for insertion into the bottom of the receptacle, comprising a bottom stem portion having an annular groove for the removable cleat locking means to the split ring socket, which annular groove by a predetermined angle with the bottom geometry of the complementary components.
22. 一种拔出装置,包括:被配置用来从开口环插座中拔出防滑钉的手柄,该手柄包括:被配置用来允许握持的管状顶部,以施加可靠的力,从而从开口环插座中拔出防滑钉;以及被固定到手柄上和具有插入销的弯曲延伸部分上的圆柱形底部,其中插入销被配置用来装配到防滑钉的水平开口中,从而允许从插座中拔出防滑钉。 22. An extraction apparatus, comprising: a handle configured to pull out the ring opening of the cleat from the receptacle, the handle comprising: a tubular configured to allow the top of the grip in order to exert a reliable force to the opening ring pull cleat receptacle; and it is secured to the handle and having a cylindrical bottom portion extending in the bending pin is inserted, wherein the insert pin is configured to fit into the horizontal opening of the cleat, allowing pulling the socket a cleat.
23.权利要求22的拔出装置,其中手柄被配置用来使用向下的力从插座中拔出防滑钉。 23. The extraction apparatus as claimed in claim 22, wherein the handle is configured to use a downward force pulled from the cleat receptacle.
24.权利要求22的拔出装置,还包括位于手柄上的凹坑,当凹坑放在防滑钉顶部上并且被向下推到开口环插座里时,该凹坑会将防滑钉锁定到位。 24. The extraction apparatus as claimed in claim 22, further comprising a handle located on the pits, when the pit is placed on top of the cleat and is pushed down to the split ring socket, the recesses will lock the cleat into place.
25. 一种可拆卸的防滑钉装置,包括: 被配置用来提供抓地性的第一部分,包括: 具有多个沟槽和弯曲外缘的第一表面;以及从第一部分的顶部开始延伸并穿过第二部分的一段的中心开口;以及被配置用来插入到插座中的第二部分,该第二部分包括具有环形凹槽的立柱,用于将可拆卸的防滑钉装置可靠地锁定到插座里,其中环形凹槽是无螺纹的。 25. A removable cleat device, comprising: a grip configured to provide a first part of, comprising: a plurality of grooves having a first surface and a curved outer edge; and a first portion extending from the top and start section through the central opening of the second portion; and a second portion configured for insertion into the socket, the second portion comprising a post having an annular groove for the removable cleat device to securely lock socket, which annular groove is unthreaded.
26. —种可拆卸的防滑钉装置,包括: 被配置用来提供抓地性的第一部分,包括:被配置成围绕中心短柱向上弯曲的多个侧臂,其中中心短柱受到斜削,并且具有从中心短柱的顶部开始延伸并且穿过第二部分的一段的拔出孔;以及被配置用来将被插入到插座中的第二部分,该第二部分包括具有环形凹槽的立柱,用于将可拆卸的防滑钉装置可靠地锁定到插座里,其中环形凹槽是无螺纹的。 26. - species removable cleat device, comprising: a first portion configured to provide traction, comprising: a plurality of side arms arranged around a central stub upwardly curved, wherein the central stub being beveled, and having studs extending from the top and through the center section of the second portion of the extraction aperture; and configured to be inserted into the second socket portion, the second portion comprises an annular groove of the post for the removable cleat device into the receptacle securely lock, wherein the annular groove is unthreaded.
27. —种锁紧装置,包括: 开口环,包括:用于与杆部的插入角啮合的插入角;以及用于与杆部的离开角啮合的离开角;以及杆部,包括:多个环形圈,这些环形圈具有与开口环啮合的有角度的几何形状; 用于与开口环的插入角啮合的插入角;以及用于与开口环的离开角啮合的离开角。 27. - kind of locking device, comprising: a split ring, comprising: means for insertion angle of the insertion angle lever engaging portion; and a desertion angle to engage the desertion angle of the stem portion; and a stem portion, comprising: a plurality of annular ring, the annular ring having an angular geometry of the engaging ring opening; means for engaging insertion angle of the insertion angle of the split ring; and means for exiting the split ring engaging the corner angle of departure.
CN2009801346038A 2006-01-20 2009-07-06 Releasable locking mechanism CN102144102A (en)

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US12/168,809 2008-07-07
US12/358,667 US20090199375A1 (en) 2006-01-20 2009-01-23 Latching system
US12/358,667 2009-01-23
PCT/US2009/049721 WO2010005911A2 (en) 2008-07-07 2009-07-06 Releasable locking mechanism

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KR20110048042A (en) 2011-05-09
JP2011527409A (en) 2011-10-27
AU2009268775A1 (en) 2010-01-14
CA2729901A1 (en) 2010-01-14
WO2010005911A2 (en) 2010-01-14
WO2010005911A3 (en) 2010-08-26
BRPI0915658A2 (en) 2017-06-20
EP2313663A2 (en) 2011-04-27

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