CN102139961B - Multilayer vegetation zone water quality in situ purification method for highly polluted tributary inlet - Google Patents

Multilayer vegetation zone water quality in situ purification method for highly polluted tributary inlet Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN102139961B
CN102139961B CN2011100366599A CN201110036659A CN102139961B CN 102139961 B CN102139961 B CN 102139961B CN 2011100366599 A CN2011100366599 A CN 2011100366599A CN 201110036659 A CN201110036659 A CN 201110036659A CN 102139961 B CN102139961 B CN 102139961B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
gabion
water
tributary
vegetation zone
multilayer
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2011100366599A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN102139961A (en
Inventor
王超
王沛芳
钱进
侯俊
李丽娜
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hohai University HHU
Original Assignee
Hohai University HHU
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Hohai University HHU filed Critical Hohai University HHU
Priority to CN2011100366599A priority Critical patent/CN102139961B/en
Publication of CN102139961A publication Critical patent/CN102139961A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102139961B publication Critical patent/CN102139961B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/10Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage

Abstract

The invention relates to a multilayer vegetation zone water quality in situ purification method for a highly polluted tributary inlet, which is characterized in that reinforcing steel bars with the diameter of 6 and steel wires are manufactured into gabion frames with the diameter of about 1m; one end of each gabion frame is sealed; the other end of each gabion frame is movable; rock blocks, gravels and soil are added to the gabion frames; emergent aquatic plant root systems such as reeds, acorus calamus and the like are planted in soil; and each movable end is sealed and is manufactured into a gabion body with the length which is determined according to the river width of the tributary inlet to be purified. A plurality of gabion bodies are combined by timber piles and fixed at the tributary inlet to be repaired; ripraps are used for side pressing; submerged plants such as tape grasses, waterweeds an the like are planted between two gabion bodies so as to form a multilayer vegetation zone water quality in situ purification system which takes the plurality of gabion bodies and emergent aquatic plants on the gabion bodies as the main parts and is assisted by the submerge plants among the gabions. The method has the advantages of gradually purifying water body of the highly polluted tributary inlet under of physical chemistry and biological functions including matrix interception, micro-biological degradation, plant system absorption, root system adsorption and the like and improving water environments of the tributary inlet so as to provide effective guarantee for the quality of water flowing into a main stream.

Description

Heavily contaminated tributary inlet multilayer vegetation zone water quality situ purification method
Technical field the present invention relates to is a kind of being applicable under the fluid stream channel ordinary water-level condition, and the water yield is less and do not have the heavily contaminated tributary inlet multilayer vegetation zone water quality situ purification method of shipping request, belongs to river water purification of water quality and ecological reestablishment field.
Background technology
In recent years, because urbanization process is accelerated and industrial and agricultural development, the river Lake Water Body is polluted aggravation, and some water bodys even lost due ecological functions have greatly hindered the progress of human society and the raising of people's living standard.Nationwide surface water body water quality characteristic is at present: master stream water quality is better than the tributary, and reservoir is better than the lake, and the lake is better than the river course, and the mountain area water body is better than plain river network.The present situation of river course surface water environmental pollution is: master stream, network of waterways water quality is good basically, and a fluid stream channel, middle and small river pollute outstanding; The urban river organic contamination is serious, the black smelly phenomenon of water body generally occurs; Suburbs samll cities and towns network of waterways water quality rapid deterioration has become new water environment pollution center.
Numerous experts and scholars discover, China's tributary water pollution at present is mainly reflected in three aspects, the one, and using of fertilizer and pesticide makes that farmland ditch draining water quality is relatively poor, and then it is serious to cause farmland drainage to go into river tributary inlet water pollution; The 2nd, it is seriously polluted that domestic sewage in rural areas by using and poultry manure cause the village, rural area to prop up fluid stream channel water; The 3rd, the discharging of city domestic sewage and the industrial point-source pollution of part causes into tributary, the city river water quality in master stream relatively poor.Tributary river water body prevention and cure of pollution are importances of improving the great rivers water surrounding, and research and development heavily contaminated tributary inlet water quality purification techniques is extremely urgent.
Summary of the invention
What the present invention proposed is a kind of being applicable under the fluid stream channel ordinary water-level condition; The water yield is less and do not have a heavily contaminated tributary inlet multilayer vegetation zone water quality situ purification method of shipping request; Its objective is the filtration and the microbial process that utilize the multilayer gabion; And emergent vegetation zone that forms and submerged plant absorption, absorption, the degradation of contaminant between the gabion, improve the tributary water quality that flows into the river course, master stream, and progressively improve the ecotope of heavily contaminated tributary inlet.
Technical solution of the present invention: heavily contaminated tributary inlet multilayer vegetation zone water quality situ purification method; It is characterized in that (1) employing Φ 6 reinforcing bars and steel wire are made into the gabion framework about diameter 1m; The sealing of gabion framework one end; The movable cylindrical shape of the other end, length purifies the river width decision of the concrete job location of tributary inlet according to intending, and gabion framework diameter also can be adjusted according to intending the purification tributary inlet depth of water; (2) the gabion framework is accomplished at produce in factory; In the gabion framework, add 100~200 blocks of stones of Φ at the construction field (site); And between the piece stone space of gabion framework, suitably add some and intend gravel and the soil that purifies the locality, tributary; In soil, insert emergent root systems such as kind of reed and calamus, with the movable end sealing of gabion, the gabion system is accomplished then; When (3) constructing; 1) the gabion body and function timber of making is fixed in the transverse section of intending the purification tributary inlet; Require fixing many gabion bodies capable of being combined to form multilayer gabion associated plant according to actual, vertically whenever fix a gabion body in the transverse section, tributary along the tributary when specifically constructing at a distance from 5~10m; 2) jackstone is reinforced in gabion body both sides; Growth along with emergent on the gabion body; Water body is purified through the filtration of piece stone and soil in the gabion and emergent absorption, the root system adsorption of on its surperficial microbial film Degradation that forms and gabion body, growing; Water transparency is improved, and dissolved oxygen obtains increasing; 3) this moment common submerged plants such as plantation eel grass, water caltrop, waterweed in the middle of two gabions, form with many gabion bodies and go up emergent vegetation zone be between master, gabion submerged plant to be be the multilayer vegetation zone water quality in-situ purification system of assisting.
Advantage of the present invention and effect are: when (1) utilizes the present invention to purify heavily contaminated tributary inlet water quality; With many gabion bodies and go up emergent vegetation zone be between master, gabion submerged plant be be the multilayer vegetation zone water quality in-situ purification system moulding of assisting after; Form " multilayer vegetation zone-matrix-mikrobe " total system gradually; Through matrix hold back, physical chemistry such as microbiological deterioration, plant absorbing, root system absorption and biological action progressively purify heavily contaminated tributary water quality; Improve the tributary inlet water surrounding, guarantee effectively is provided for importing the master stream water quality.(2) the present invention plants emergent on the gabion body, plants planting submerged plant between gabion, forms the multilayer vegetation zone.Choose seeds common emergent such as reed, calamus, Canna generalis Bailey, Chinese celery, Rush etc.; Not only water quality there is good Water purification; And growth is fast, output is high; Can bring must economic benefit, and the strong four seasons of the winter hardiness that has are evergreen like Chinese celery, Rush and calamus etc., and can reach good landscape effect through the collocation plantation.Emergent is not only remarkable to the purifying of the hypertrophic water system effect; And heavy metal also there is the certain absorption effect; China typical case Plain River Network Areas middle and small river is because of receiving the pollution problem of industrial or agricultural polluted heavy metals serious day by day, and advantage of the present invention is more obvious under this background.Choose seeds common submerged plant such as eel grass, water caltrop, Huang Sicao, waterweeds etc. have stronger clean-up capability, and winter hardiness is strong.(3) the multilayer vegetation zone photosynthesis that forms is strong; Can required oxygen be provided for biologies such as mikrobe, fish, batrachianss; The multilayer vegetation zone of growing thickly also provides the food source that enriches and good habitat for hydrobionts such as batrachians biology, fish; The not only view property enhancing of in picturesque disorder vegetation zone, but and the accretion species diversity, progressively improve the tributary inlet ecosystem.(4) the gabion body of the present invention's use is cheap, can realize batch production production, does not receive the restriction of execution conditions such as time, season, weather, place, and construction is simple, can realize mechanized operation.The present invention is applicable under the fluid stream channel ordinary water-level condition, and the water yield is less and do not have the heavily contaminated water body of shipping request, and as than deluge the time, the gabion device face that blocks water is less, does not influence the flood discharge requirement.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing 1 is a heavily contaminated tributary inlet multilayer vegetation zone water quality original position cleaning project floor plan synoptic diagram.
Accompanying drawing 2 is heavily contaminated tributary inlet multilayer vegetation zone water quality original position cleaning project diagrammatic cross-sections.
Accompanying drawing 3 is gabion body sectional views.
1 is φ 6 reinforcing bars among the figure, the 2nd, and steel wire, the 3rd, the gabion framework, the 4th, purify tributary inlet, the 5th, piece stone; The 6th, gravel and soil, the 7th, emergent root system, the 8th, gabion body, the 9th, emergent vegetation zone, the 10th, timber; The 11st, jackstone, the 12nd, emergent, the 13rd, submerged plant, the 14th, emergent vegetation zone.
Embodiment
Contrast accompanying drawing 1,2,3; Heavily contaminated tributary inlet multilayer vegetation zone water quality situ purification method; 1) adopt Φ 6 reinforcing bars 1 to be made into about diameter 1m with steel wire 2; The mobilizable cylindrical gabion framework 3 of the one end sealing the other end, length purifies the river width decision of the concrete job location of tributary inlet according to intending, and gabion framework diameter also can purify the tributary inlet depth of water according to plan and adjust; 2) gabion framework 3 is accomplished at produce in factory; In gabion framework 3, add 100~200 blocks of stones 5 of Φ at the construction field (site); And between the piece stone space of gabion framework, suitably add some and intend gravel and the soil 6 that purifies the locality, tributary; In soil, insert emergent root systems 7 such as kind of reed and calamus, the movable end with gabion seals then, gabion body 8 complete (Fig. 3).Notice that emergent vegetation zone 9 forms back plant-growth density and should not influence the normal flood passage requirement in river course.During construction; 1) the gabion body and function timber of making 10 is fixed in the transverse section of intending purification tributary inlet 4; Require fixing many gabion bodies capable of being combined to form multilayer gabion associated plant according to actual, vertically whenever fix a gabion body in the transverse section, tributary along the tributary when specifically constructing at a distance from 5~10m; 2) jackstone 11 is reinforced in gabion body both sides.Growth along with emergent on the gabion body; Effects such as emergent 12 absorptions of growing on filtration and the microbial film Degradation that forms on its surface and the gabion body of water body through piece stone and soil in the gabion, root system absorption are purified; Water transparency is improved, and dissolved oxygen obtains increasing; 3) this moment common submerged plants 13 such as plantation eel grass, water caltrop, waterweed in the middle of two gabions, form with many gabion bodies and go up emergent vegetation zone 14 be between master, gabion submerged plant to be be the multilayer vegetation zone water quality in-situ purification system of assisting.
With many gabion bodies and go up emergent vegetation zone be between master, gabion submerged plant be be the multilayer vegetation zone water quality in-situ purification system moulding of assisting after; A large amount of mikrobes and constitute microbial film will grow matrix such as piece stone, gravel and soil and emergent root system surface in the gabion; And the submerged plant that grows between the combination gabion, form " multilayer vegetation zone-matrix-mikrobe " total system.When the tributary water body through after the purification system of gabion multilayer vegetation zone, the suspended solid in the river is stopped by piece stone, gravel and soil and root system of plant to be held back; Organic be able to remove through biomembranous absorption and assimilation, dissimilation; The variation of effect of roots of plants district and tributary inlet water level makes the microbial film in the gabion body keep " anaerobic-aerobic " alternate run; Guaranteed that the nitrogen in the water, phosphorus can not only directly be absorbed as nutrition by plant and mikrobe; But also can remove from water the excess accumulation effect of phosphorus through nitrated, denitrification and mikrobe, reach the purpose and the effect that purify water pollutant.And, finally from the water body of tributary, thoroughly remove pollutent through filler in the gabion body is regularly replaced and gather in plant.
Along with emergent and submerged plant growth; Water transparency improves gradually; Dissolved oxygen increases, and water correction is for the tributary inlet Ecological Recovery of Water provides the fine environment basis; The multilayer vegetation zone that forms is that hydrobionts such as batrachians biology, fish provide good habitat, can progressively improve the tributary inlet quality of water environment.

Claims (2)

1. heavily contaminated tributary inlet multilayer vegetation zone water quality situ purification method; It is characterized in that (1) employing Φ 6 reinforcing bars and steel wire are made into the gabion framework of diameter 1m; The sealing of gabion framework one end, the movable cylindrical shape of the other end, length purifies the river width decision of the concrete job location of tributary inlet according to intending; (2) the gabion framework is accomplished at produce in factory; In the gabion framework, add 100~200 blocks of stones of Φ at the construction field (site); And between the piece stone space of gabion framework, suitably add some and intend gravel and the soil that purifies the locality, tributary; In soil, insert two kinds of emergent root systems such as kind of reed and calamus, with the movable end sealing of gabion, the gabion system is accomplished then; When (3) constructing; 1) the gabion body and function timber of making is fixed in the transverse section of intending the purification tributary inlet; Require to make up fixing many gabion bodies according to reality and form multilayer gabion associated plants, vertically whenever fix a gabion body in the transverse section, tributary along the tributary when specifically constructing at a distance from 5~10m; 2) jackstone is reinforced in gabion body both sides; Growth along with emergent on the gabion body; Water body is purified through the filtration of piece stone and soil in the gabion and emergent absorption, the root system adsorption of on its surperficial microbial film Degradation that forms and gabion body, growing; Water transparency is improved, and dissolved oxygen obtains increasing; 3) this moment three kinds of common submerged plants such as plantation eel grass, water caltrop, waterweed in the middle of two gabions, form with many gabion bodies and go up emergent vegetation zone be between master, gabion submerged plant to be be the multilayer vegetation zone water quality in-situ purification system of assisting.
2. heavily contaminated tributary inlet multilayer according to claim 1 vegetation zone water quality situ purification method; It is characterized in that with many gabion bodies and go up emergent vegetation zone be between master, gabion submerged plant be be the multilayer vegetation zone water quality in-situ purification system moulding of assisting after; A large amount of mikrobes and constitute microbial film will grow three kinds of matrix such as piece stone, gravel and soil and emergent root system surface in the gabion; And the submerged plant that grows between the combination gabion; Form multilayer vegetation zone-matrix-microbiological comprehensive treatment system, when the tributary water body through after the purification system of gabion multilayer vegetation zone, the suspended solid in the river is stopped by piece stone, gravel and soil and root system of plant to be held back; Organic be able to remove through biomembranous absorption and assimilation, dissimilation; The variation of effect of roots of plants district and tributary inlet water level makes the microbial film in the gabion body keep " anaerobic-aerobic " alternate run; Guaranteed that the nitrogen in the water, phosphorus can not only directly be absorbed as nutrition by plant and mikrobe; But also can remove from water the excess accumulation effect of phosphorus through nitrated, denitrification and mikrobe, reach the purpose and the effect that purify water pollutant; And, finally from the water body of tributary, thoroughly remove pollutent through filler in the gabion body is regularly replaced and gather in plant.
CN2011100366599A 2011-02-12 2011-02-12 Multilayer vegetation zone water quality in situ purification method for highly polluted tributary inlet Expired - Fee Related CN102139961B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011100366599A CN102139961B (en) 2011-02-12 2011-02-12 Multilayer vegetation zone water quality in situ purification method for highly polluted tributary inlet

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011100366599A CN102139961B (en) 2011-02-12 2011-02-12 Multilayer vegetation zone water quality in situ purification method for highly polluted tributary inlet

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102139961A CN102139961A (en) 2011-08-03
CN102139961B true CN102139961B (en) 2012-07-04

Family

ID=44407785

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2011100366599A Expired - Fee Related CN102139961B (en) 2011-02-12 2011-02-12 Multilayer vegetation zone water quality in situ purification method for highly polluted tributary inlet

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN102139961B (en)

Families Citing this family (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103306241B (en) * 2013-06-21 2015-04-15 清华大学 Watercourse and rubber dam water storage system
CN105174471A (en) * 2015-09-16 2015-12-23 赵亚勋 Reinforced black odorous river microecological reconstruction/balance and water quality improvement method
CN105836900B (en) * 2016-06-03 2019-09-17 北京荣蒂盛环境科技有限公司 A kind of ecological purified water system
CN106192938B (en) * 2016-07-12 2018-12-07 山东省分析测试中心 A kind of ecological canal system and construction method for farmland water-break pollution prevention
CN110156176A (en) * 2019-06-21 2019-08-23 南京大学 A kind of compound river bioreactor system, construction method and application
CN111056702A (en) * 2019-12-11 2020-04-24 安徽百和环保科技有限公司 A water clean system for river course tributary mouth

Family Cites Families (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2767433Y (en) * 2005-01-14 2006-03-29 河海大学 Ecological concrete purifying trough at running water shore
CN100572303C (en) * 2008-01-22 2009-12-23 河海大学 The ecological decontaminating type combination stream channel wet land system forming method
CN201581378U (en) * 2009-12-07 2010-09-15 杭州实创建设有限公司 Green galvanized gabion

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN102139961A (en) 2011-08-03

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN102139961B (en) Multilayer vegetation zone water quality in situ purification method for highly polluted tributary inlet
CN102145957B (en) Method for constructing agricultural drainage and ecological purification system
CN103241893B (en) A kind of " serial-parallel " adjustable composite constructed wetland system
CN201406359Y (en) Treatment device for black odor river
CN104496106B (en) A kind of campus rainwater ecological purification integrated processing method and ecological purification integrated system
CN102011379A (en) Pollution control method of farmland drainage in plain tidal river network area
CN204356190U (en) A kind of campus rainwater ecological purifying integral system
CN104790698B (en) Cross flow formula draining in irrigated area nonirrigated farmland, which is regulated and stored, purifies wetland constructing system
CN102086643A (en) Ecological engineering technology for stopping riverway coastal pollutants from entering rivers and restoring vegetation communities
CN104803557B (en) Composite type purifying agricultural drain and the ditch pool wet land system of restoration of the ecosystem
CN104773914A (en) Collecting and treating device for rural disordered-emission sewage
CN206089200U (en) Farmland benthophyte ecological ditch canal
CN205662803U (en) Structure is used multipurposely to ground rainwater
CN109319934A (en) A kind of ecological restoring method of farmland water catchment area river water body
CN104310592B (en) A kind of northern area enters river, exit of a lake shunting purification artificial wet land treating system
CN105986566B (en) Multifunctional ecological management method for cavernous body
CN104982249A (en) Rainwater garden used for green belt in the middle of road
CN204662553U (en) A kind of cavernous body multifunctional ecological governing system
CN104261627B (en) A kind of groundwater pollution control of eutrophication water
CN104098183B (en) The system of rainwash water quality is improved by optimizing view
CN101962228A (en) Cascade coupling treatment method for polluted wetland
CN206070498U (en) A kind of farmland submerged plant ecological canal for processing early-stage rainwater
CN106746229A (en) A kind of Drain contamination for river channel mouthful cuts the purified in situ processing method and system of dirty water conservancy diversion
CN104787897A (en) Purification method of drained water of farmlands directly adjacent to rivers through shore wetlands
CN206308127U (en) A kind of floating wetland for purifying landscape water body

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20120704

Termination date: 20130212