CN102138529B - Quick rooting method for 'Heyun' blueberry seedlings formed by tissue culture - Google Patents

Quick rooting method for 'Heyun' blueberry seedlings formed by tissue culture Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN102138529B
CN102138529B CN 201110080071 CN201110080071A CN102138529B CN 102138529 B CN102138529 B CN 102138529B CN 201110080071 CN201110080071 CN 201110080071 CN 201110080071 A CN201110080071 A CN 201110080071A CN 102138529 B CN102138529 B CN 102138529B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
final concentration
root
seedling
zeatin
naa
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN 201110080071
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN102138529A (en
Inventor
孟凡乔
吴文良
李磊
刘凝
殷秀岩
郭岩彬
周华宁
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
China Agricultural University
Original Assignee
China Agricultural University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by China Agricultural University filed Critical China Agricultural University
Priority to CN 201110080071 priority Critical patent/CN102138529B/en
Publication of CN102138529A publication Critical patent/CN102138529A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102138529B publication Critical patent/CN102138529B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The invention discloses a quick rooting method for 'Heyun' blueberry seedlings formed by tissue culture, which comprises the following steps: dipping the 'Heyun' blueberry seedlings formed by tissue culture into root stimulate, planting and rooting to obtain rooted seedlings. Compared with the conventional seedling culture method, the new seedling survival rate of the 'Heyun No.1 and No.2' blueberry seedlings is improved to 90 percent from 50 percent, the seedling raising period is reduced to 6 months from 12 months, and the quality of the new seedlings is improved obviously.

Description

The method of " standing grain rhythm " blueberry tissue culture seedling Quick rooting
Technical field
The present invention relates to the method for blueberry seedling breeding Quick rooting, belong to the vegetative propagation technique field of plant.
Background technology
Blueberry formal name used at school cowberry, belong to Ericaceae (Ericaceae) Vaccinium (Vaccinium spp.) plant, sweet fruit acid is fragrant refreshing, unique flavor, have abundant nutritive value and multiple health care, being described as " gold berry ", is one of the mankind's five large healthy food of FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation) (FAO) keypoint recommendation.Blueberry not only is used for eating raw, and develops multiple product, makes its nutritive value bring larger effectiveness to the consumer.
The artificial cultivation blueberry starts from the U.S. the earliest, so far T﹠B.Last century, the eighties rose, and China has introduced a large amount of cultivars from external, and had begun relevant popularization.But because developing rapidly, the blueberry nurseries’ supplies put upon the full stretch becomes the technical bottleneck of Jilin Province and even whole nation development blueberry industry.Blueberry has acid resistance soil environment, low temperature resistant, barren-resistant, stronger drought-resistant ability and diseases and insect pests resistance; The biological properties such as not anti-chemical fertilizer (dislike calcium, dislike chlorine, dislike sodium), weed killer herbicide possess the exclusive advantage of first developing.Simultaneously, along with the raising of life and the level of consumption, people are more and more higher to safety and the quality requirements of food, and the market prospects of blueberry nursery stock are more wide.No. 1, standing grain rhythm " (Lan Feng) " blueberry seedling of Jilin lucky Kanggong department authentication belong to Gao Cong, large fruit, in late-maturing cowberry kind; No. 2, standing grain rhythm " (Elliot) " blueberry seedling belongs to half Gao Cong, middle fruit type, extremely late-maturing cowberry kind, and the two resistance is all very strong, is adapted at the northern China Production Zones Suitable and carries out commerial growing and promote.
Current, utilize in a short time Fast-propagation various plants of method for plant tissue culture, not only reproduction rate is high, and because it is vegetative propagation, can keep the merit of former stock, uses more and more wider in production in recent years.Simultaneously, cuttage also earns widespread respect because of economical, convenient as the important means of seedling-wood breeding.Transplanting a cutting draws materials should not promote in commodity fruit plantation with a contradiction of vying each other with the result green wood cutting owing to existing.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of method of blueberry tissue culture quick reproduction technique, for the blueberry seedling provide a kind of simple to operate, save time, the fast breeding method of with low cost, stability and high efficiency.
The method of blueberry tissue culture quick reproduction technique provided by the invention is characterized in that, comprises the steps: the group of blueberry training seedling dipped in to carry out cuttage root-taking behind the root-growing agent and cultivate, and obtains the seedling of taking root.
Above-mentioned root-growing agent be following a) or b):
A) solution of methyl α-naphthyl acetate and heteroauxin composition: the compound method of the described root-growing agent of 1L is as follows: 1000mg methyl α-naphthyl acetate and 1000mg heteroauxin is soluble in water, be settled to 1L;
B) solution of root-inducing powder ABT preparation: the compound method of the described root-growing agent of 1L is as follows: root-inducing powder ABT 0.05g adds water again and is dissolved to 1L after adding the dissolving of 5ml alcohol.This alcohol can be the ethanol water of 70% (percent by volume).
The time that above-mentioned group of training seedling dips in root-growing agent can be 3-10 second, preferably 5 seconds.
The spacing in the rows of group training seedling was 2-5cm, preferably 3cm when above-mentioned cuttage root-taking was cultivated; Line-spacing is 3-8cm, is preferably 5cm; The cuttage degree of depth is 1-1.5cm.
The condition that above-mentioned cuttage root-taking is cultivated is: temperature 25-35 ℃, relative moisture is 50-60%, and the light transmittance that shelters from heat or light is 45%-65%.
Further, said method also comprises the preliminary hardening of described group of training seedling before dipping in root-growing agent;
The time of described preliminary hardening is 7-8 days; Temperature is 25-35 ℃; Relative moisture is 50%-60%; Intensity of illumination is 2500-3500LX, preferably 3000LX.
A nearlyer step says that said method also comprises described seedling greenhouse hardening and the land for growing field crops hardening afterwards that obtain taking root; Described greenhouse hardening and land for growing field crops hardening comprise the steps: the described seedling of taking root green house hardening 40-60 days, and between 25~35 ℃ of the condition degree of being of green house hardening, relative moisture is advisable with 50%-60%, and the light transmittance that shelters from heat or light is 45%~65%; The time of then carrying out the land for growing field crops hardening is 150-180 days.
The acquisition step of the group of above-mentioned blueberry training seedling is as follows: the explant of blueberry is placed just induce differentiation to cultivate on the culture base, obtain just generation group training seedling; Described explant is stems with bud preferably;
Described just culture base is to add the solid culture medium that following material obtains in basic culture solution: zeatin, NAA, carbon source and gel; The final concentration of zeatin is 2-5mg/L in the described just culture base, and the final concentration of NAA is 0.01-0.12mg/L; The solvent of described basic culture solution is that water, solute are as shown in table 1; Intensity of illumination is controlled between 4000~4500LX; Illumination cultivation time every day is 15h, and the dark culturing time is 9h; Temperature is controlled at 20-24 ℃ during illumination cultivation, and temperature is controlled at 16-20 ℃ during dark culturing; Humidity is controlled between the 60%-75%.
The final concentration of zeatin and NAA is following 1 in the above-mentioned just culture base)-3) in arbitrary described: 1) final concentration of zeatin is 3-4mg/L, and the final concentration of NAA is 0.05-0.1mg/L; 2) final concentration of zeatin is 3mg/L or 4mg/L, and the final concentration of NAA is 0.05-0.1mg/L; 3) final concentration of zeatin is 3-4mg/L, and the final concentration of NAA is 0.05mg/L or 0.1mg/L.
The acquisition step of the group of above-mentioned blueberry training seedling can comprise that also subculture cultivates, and described subculture is cultivated and comprised the steps: that placing subculture medium to carry out subculture above-mentioned just generation group training seedling cultivates, obtain the group training seedling of described blueberry;
Described subculture medium is to add the solid culture medium that following material obtains in basic culture solution: zeatin, NAA, IBA, carbon source and gel; The final concentration of zeatin is 1.5-4mg/L in the described subculture medium, and the final concentration of NAA is 0.04-0.1mg/L, and the final concentration of IBA is 0.1-0.5mg/L; The solvent of described basic culture solution is that water, solute are as shown in table 1.The subculture condition of culture: intensity of illumination is about 2500-3500LX; Illumination cultivation time every day is 15h, and the dark culturing time is 9h; Temperature is controlled at 20-24 ℃ during the subculture illumination cultivation, and temperature is controlled at 18-22 ℃ during dark culturing; Humidity is controlled between the 60%-75%.
The final concentration of zeatin, NAA and IBA is such as 1 in the described subculture medium)-3) in arbitrary as described in: 1) final concentration of zeatin is 2-3mg/L, and the final concentration of NAA is 0.06-0.08mg/L, and the final concentration of IBA is 0.2-0.3mg/L; 2) final concentration of zeatin is 2mg/L, and the final concentration of NAA is 0.08mg/L, and the final concentration of IBA is 0.2mg/L; 3) final concentration of zeatin is 3mg/L, and the final concentration of NAA is 0.06mg/L, and the final concentration of IBA is 0.3mg/L.
Gel in above-mentioned just culture base and the described subculture medium all is agar, carragheen or Gelrite, preferably all is agar; Described carbon source all is glucose, maltose or sucrose, preferably is sucrose; Described agar all is 1300mg/cm in the intensity of described just culture base and described subculture medium 2The final concentration of described agar in described just culture base and described subculture medium all is 4-5g/L, is preferably 4.5g/L; The final concentration of described sucrose in described just culture base and described subculture medium all is 25-35g/L, preferably is 30g/L.
The present invention has set up a kind of blueberry seedling Quick rooting " hardening is integrated in group training---cuttage---" method, comprise the method steps such as explantation tissue cultivates, group training seedling greenhouse cuttage hardening, new transplantation of seedlings land for growing field crops, greenhouse hardening, compare with conventional tissue culture method, the new shoot survival percent of blueberry seedling " standing grain rhythm No. 1 and No. 2 " is risen to more than 90% by 50%, growing-seedling period shortened to 6 months by 12 months, and simultaneously the new talent quality has also had and significantly improves.Be convenient to the large-scale industrialized blueberry seedling of breeding.The advantage of the technical program is: " integrated " the method cultivation of not taking root in group training process of group training---cuttage---hardening, directly will organize the training seedling dips in the root-growing agent cuttage and buries and carry out hardening, on average like this save 20~30 day time, shortened growing-seedling period, in addition, group training seedling rooting rate can reach more than 85%, and the new shoot survival percent of taking root can reach more than 90%, and the new talent quality has also had and significantly improves.This method has fast, and economy is succinct, and efficient advantage has increased substantially reproduction speed and the quality of blueberry seedling, provides safeguard thereby breed the blueberry seedling for large-scale commercial.The group training seedling cuttage that the present invention proposes not only can be saved seedling raise period, and avoided the deficiency of green wood cutting, has more outstanding advantage, is convenient to the large-scale industrialized blueberry seedling of breeding.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the tissue culture bottle hardening photo of uncapping.
Fig. 2 is that greenhouse seedbed is laid photo.
Fig. 3 is greenhouse cuttage group training seedling photo.
Fig. 4 is green house hardening initial stage photo.
Fig. 5 is green house hardening later stage photo.
Fig. 6 is land for growing field crops hardening photo.
Embodiment
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with specific embodiment, but the present invention is not limited to following examples.
Among the following embodiment, if no special instructions, be conventional method.
Embodiment 1,
One, the training of the group of standing grain rhythm blueberry seedling is bred
For " standing grain rhythm No. 1 and No. 2 " blueberry seedling, adopt method for tissue culture to carry out fast breeding, this process is only carried out breeding of explant, has saved rooting process.Blueberry tissue is cultivated the shoot proliferation mode of taking.Just pickup kind operation adopts test tube to cultivate, 1 stems with bud of a test tube inoculation.The subinoculation operation adopts tissue culture bottle to cultivate, 15 of each tissue culture bottle inoculations.Concrete group training medium mixture and method of operating are referring to patent: standing grain rhythm blueberry seedling group training medium and tissue culture method thereof.Concrete steps are as follows:
(1), " standing grain rhythm No. 1 and No. 2 " just preparation and statistical observation of generation group training seedling
1, the acquisition of explant and preliminary treatment thereof
1) explant chooses
Blueberry tissue is cultivated the mode of taking shoot proliferation in the present embodiment.Annual 6 to September, in " No. 1, standing grain rhythm ", " No. 2, standing grain rhythm " blueberry (available from the lucky Kanggong in Jilin department) seed resource garden, selects without damage by disease and insect, and tree-like good, the setting proterties is good, and the blueberry nursery stock of getting bumper crops is got explant.Explant is chosen new then spray, and 6-10 bud arranged on the branch.
2) preliminary treatment of explant
The explant of adopting 2 kinds that shear off in the above-mentioned steps 1 is put in the beaker that fills with clear water, splash into 4-6 and drip abluent, softly scrub axillalry bud, the stem bar of branch with banister brush, then the blade with explant gets rid of and puts into another beaker down, wash 15min with clear water, the explant rinsed well and other inoculation outfits are put into the superclean bench of prior ultraviolet-sterilization, with tweezers explant is sandwiched and carry out sterilization treatment in the sterilized wide-mouth bottle.
The concrete steps of sterilization treatment are for pouring rapidly the alcohol of 75% (percent by volume) in the wide-mouth bottle of the above-mentioned explant of packing into, rolling was washed 30 seconds, wash 4 times with the sterile water rolling, every all over 2min, the explant that sterilization is complete sandwiches in the lunch box with aseptic nipper again, carry out shearing manipulation, explant bottom blackout stem section is wiped out, and by one section of a bud (being stems with bud), and bud is longer apart from lower cut, lack (deciding on the explant blade gap distance) apart from upper cut, but a terminal bud 2-3 bud.Namely obtain the good explant of sterilization treatment.
2, just acquisition and the statistical observation of generation group training seedling
1) obtains just generation group training seedling
By the inoculation operational procedure, the explant access that obtains the good explant of sterilization treatment in the step 2 with above-mentioned steps one is equipped with in the sterile test tube of first culture base, stems with bud of a test tube inoculation with double-deck sealed membrane sealing, induces differentiation to cultivate.The condition of culture of inducing differentiation to cultivate is: intensity of illumination is controlled between 4000~4500LX; Illumination cultivation time every day is 15h, and the dark culturing time is 9h; Temperature is controlled at 20-24 ℃ during illumination cultivation, and temperature is controlled at 16-20 ℃ during dark culturing; Humidity is controlled between the 60%-75%.Simultaneously, can a week open uviol lamp once, each 30min, the calm rainy day opens 30min with culturing room's window and ventilates.Just the cultivation cycle of culture is 60 days-70 days, namely cultivates just to obtain just generation group training seedling in 60 days-70 days, and the first generation group training seedling that obtains can carry out next step amplification switching according to the quantity of required group training seedling.
Above-mentioned just culture base is to have added the solid culture medium that zeatin (ZT), NAA, sucrose and agar obtain in basic culture solution.Wherein the final concentration of zeatin in first culture base is 3mg/L, and the final concentration of NAA is 0.05mg/L, and the final concentration of sucrose is 30g/L, and it is 1300mg/cm that agar adopts intensity 2Agar, the final concentration of its agar is 4.5g/L; The solvent of basic culture solution is that water, solute are as shown in table 1, and the pH of medium is 5.2.
The solute of table 1. basic culture solution
Macroelement Concentration (mgL in the medium -1)
NH 4NO 3 400
K 2SO 4 990
MgSO 4·7H 2O 370
KH 2PO 4 170
Ca(NO 3) 2·4H 2O 556
CaCl 2 92
Molysite Concentration (mgL in the medium -1)
FeSO 4·7H 2O 27.8
Na 2EDTA 37.3
Trace element Concentration (mgL in the medium -1)
MnSO 4·4H 2O 22.4
ZnSO 4·7H 2O 8.6
H 3BO 3 6.2
Na 2MoO 4·2H 2O 0.25
CuSO 4·5H 2O 0.25
Organic principle Concentration (mgL in the medium -1)
Thiamine hydrochloride 1.0
Puridoxine hydrochloride 0.5
Nicotinic acid 0.5
Glycine 2.0
Inositol 100
Be convenient preparation medium, macroelement in the table 1, trace element, molysite, organic matter and required hormone (being zeatin, NAA) can be mixed with the mother liquor of high concentration, such as the mother liquor of concentrated 100 times or 50 times, get again mother liquor during actual preparation and prepare by above-mentioned final concentration.
The above-mentioned just compound method concrete steps of culture base are:
(1) measures mother liquor by the usefulness of the final concentration of each material in the above-mentioned just culture base, the water that adds required solvent, with 0.1mol/L NaOH or 0.1mol/L HCl, by pH meter the medium for preparing is carried out acidity adjustment, make its pH value in the 5.2-5.3 scope.
(2) by above-mentioned just culture base sucrose the consumption of final concentration take by weighing sucrose and add and begin heating in the boiler, when at a simmer to medium, the agar powder that takes by weighing institute's expense adds in the pot, and constantly stir with glass bar rapidly, boil after the 1-2min, stopped heating, polishing is to 1000ml when treating that the medium temperature is down to 45 ℃ of left and right sides, reheat and stir, to about 50 ℃, stop, when the medium ot-yet-hardened, divide while hot to install in the selected culture vessel, the culture test tube of available 18mm * 180mm, every pipe packing medium 12ml, sealing, 121 ℃ of sterilization 15min, medium is at room temperature cooled off, namely obtain the first culture base for preparing.
2) statistical observation
The step 1 of above-mentioned steps 2) the blueberry stems with bud of inoculation was cultivated 55-65 days in, can observe and induce the blueberry tender shoots that differentiates, experiment repeats 3 times, carry out statistical observation above-mentioned steps 1 when cultivating 60 days) in axillalry bud induce situation, " No. 1, standing grain rhythm ", " No. 2, standing grain rhythm " spore induction rate all can reach more than 90%.
(2), subculture is cultivated preparation and the statistical observation of seedling
1, subculture is cultivated the acquisition of seedling
Choose pollution-free, the first generation group training seedling or subculture seedling (subculture of namely cultivating through subculture is cultivated seedling) that obtains in the good above-mentioned steps that can be used for transferring () of growing way, press the subinoculation operational procedure, folder adds aqua sterilisa and infiltrates filter paper in case dehydration is cut into 1 section of 1 bud with seedling to the sterilization cassette that contains filter paper, be transferred on the shoot proliferation medium, 15 of every tissue culture bottle inoculations move to group training chamber and cultivate after the sealing, Contamination rate control is in 1%.It is about 3000LX that the group training seedling that is transferred to the shoot proliferation medium places intensity of illumination; Illumination cultivation time every day is 15h, and the dark culturing time is 9h; Temperature is controlled at 20-24 ℃ during the subculture illumination cultivation, and temperature is controlled at 18-22 ℃ during dark culturing; Humidity is controlled between the 60%-75%.Simultaneously, a week is opened uviol lamp once, each 30min, and the calm rainy day opens 30min with culturing room's window and ventilates.The subculture cultivation cycle is just switchable about 60 days.The number of times of subculture is decided according to the numerous amount of required expansion.
Above-mentioned subculture medium is to have added the solid culture medium that zeatin, NAA, IBA, sucrose and agar obtain in basic culture solution.Wherein the final concentration of zeatin in subculture medium is 2mg/L, and the final concentration of NAA is 0.08mg/L, and the final concentration of IBA is 0.2mg/L, and the final concentration of sucrose is 30g/L, and it is 1300mg/cm that agar adopts intensity 2Agar, the final concentration of its agar is 4.5g/L; The solvent of basic culture solution is that water, solute are as shown in table 1, and the pH of medium is 5.2.The solvent of above-mentioned basic culture solution is that water, solute are as shown in table 1, and the pH of medium is 5.2.
2, statistical observation
In the first generation of inoculating in the step 1 of above-mentioned steps two, organize the training seedling or the subculture seedling was cultivated 55-65 days, can observe and induce the blueberry tender shoots that differentiates, experiment repeats 3 times, carry out just training for group in the statistical observation above-mentioned steps 1 situation of inducing of seedling or subculture seedling when cultivating 60 days, the growth coefficient that " No. 1, standing grain rhythm ", " No. 2, standing grain rhythm " subculture are cultivated all can reach 4.
Two, standing grain rhythm blueberry tissue culture seedling greenhouse cuttage hardening
Concrete steps are as follows:
(1) after the group training new talent undercarriage of above-mentioned 2 kinds, move to and open tissue culture bottle lid hardening 7 days (Fig. 1) in the green house, keep 25~35 ℃ of temperature, relative moisture 50%~60% is about intensity of illumination 3000LX.
(2) lay the seedbed, bottom spreads first mashed bark or pine needle 5cm (1.1m wide * 50m is long), repaves one deck liver moss (being divided into the ridge), and about 10cm is thick in whole seedbed, and 2cm is wide, interval 5cm, height of bed 4cm (Fig. 2);
(3) prepare cuttage group training seedling, press from both sides out with the blueberry seedling of tweezers after with the hardening in (1), clean subsidiary medium with clear water, the black callus bottom removing with scissors;
(4) with cuttage seeding in that a) root-growing agent is (soluble in water with 1000mg methyl α-naphthyl acetate and 1000mg heteroauxin, be settled to the solution that 1L obtains) or b) root-growing agent (root-inducing powder ABT 0.05g is dissolved in first in the 5ml alcohol, add again water and be settled to the solution that 1L obtains) in dip in 5s, be inserted on the seedbed according to spacing in the rows 3cm * line-spacing 5cm, the degree of depth is inserted 1~1.5cm, about 34 strains of every ridge cuttage group training seedling;
(5) with Polypropylence Sheet canopy is built, generally striden whole seedbed, high 0.6m, and add lid layer black sunshade net (Fig. 3).Between 25~35 ℃ of the maintenance temperature of shed, relative moisture is advisable with 50%-60%, and the light transmittance that shelters from heat or light is 45%~65%;
(6) observe in good time and carry out the statistics of table 2, choose except dead seedling, weak seedling, the stalwartness of selecting and remain, the seedling that insect pest is few are shown in Fig. 4,5, consistent in the green house hardening 40~60 days (in good time raising sunshade net and Polypropylence Sheet), the temperature of green house hardening, humidity and (5).
Table 2. is used a) and is added up the shoot survival percent of taking root behind the root-growing agent
Use b) statistical data of root-growing agent and a) the statistical data there was no significant difference of root-growing agent.
(7) survive the winter, after the 2nd year beginning of spring, carry out land for growing field crops hardening process with kind transplantation of seedlings land for growing field crops, greenhouse the first tenday period of a month in May.The greenhouse hardening is generally carried out in annual 5~September, and substantially stop October.
Three, standing grain rhythm blueberry new talent field-transplanting hardening (photo as shown in Figure 6)
Concrete steps are as follows:
(1) changes the cave
Change the cave annual autumn, generally dig the soil pit of 35cm * 35cm * 35cm, seedbed 70cm, operation road 80cm, 2/3 of soil pit volume is filled first composite soil, and (three skins soil: the peat composed of rotten mosses=2: 1), other 1/3 volume is filled fertilizer (peat composed of rotten mosses: chicken manure or pig manure 2: 1), and mixing forms the cave and improves the soil, adjust soil pH value 4.5~5.5, the content of organic matter 8~10%.Adopting black Polypropylence Sheet to carry out plastic mulching (membrane interaction: insulation, weeding, water conservation) survives the winter.
(2) plant transplantation of seedlings
Second Year late April is to the first tenday period of a month in May, choose growing way good, carry out planting seedlings without the greenhouse cuttage seeding of damage by disease and insect, the field planting degree of depth is according to different cultivars and different, general 7~8cm, dark 10~the 15cm that reaches, water water (general 7 days water one time water) after the field planting, mid or late May chases after fertilizer one time, and the breast that imposes the soya-bean cake fermentation at the beginning of 7 months then is fertile.In the hardening of land for growing field crops, note water and fertilizer management, reject at any time sick and weak seedling, and the control weed growth.
(3) emerge
About annual October, the blueberry seedling of land for growing field crops hardening can be transplanted to small flower, carries out commercialization and sells.

Claims (13)

1. the method for a blueberry tissue culture quick reproduction technique is characterized in that, comprises the steps: the group of blueberry training seedling dipped in to carry out cuttage root-taking behind the root-growing agent and cultivate, and obtains the seedling of taking root;
The acquisition step of the group of described blueberry training seedling is as follows: the explant of blueberry is placed just induce differentiation to cultivate on the culture base, obtain just generation group training seedling; Described explant is stems with bud;
Described just culture base is to add the solid culture medium that following material obtains in basic culture solution: zeatin, NAA, carbon source and gel; The final concentration of zeatin is 2-5mg/L in the described just culture base, and the final concentration of NAA is 0.01-0.12mg/L; The solvent of described basic culture solution is water, and solute and the concentration in basic culture solution thereof are as follows: NH 4NO 3400mgL -1, K 2SO 4990mgL -1, MgSO 47 H 2O 370mgL -1, KH 2PO 4170mgL -1, Ca (NO 3) 24H 2O 556mgL -1, CaCl 292mgL -1, FeSO 47H 2O 27.8 mgL -1, Na 2EDTA 37.3mgL -1, MnSO 44H 2O 22.4mgL -1, ZnSO 47H 2O 8.6mgL -1, H 3BO 36.2mgL -1, Na 2MoO 42H 2O 0.25 mgL -1, CuSO 45H 2O 0.25mgL -1, thiamine hydrochloride 1.0 mgL -1, puridoxine hydrochloride 0.5mgL -1, nicotinic acid 0.5mgL -1, glycine 2.0 mgL -1, inositol 100mgL -1, mgL -1
The acquisition step of the group of described blueberry training seedling comprises that also subculture cultivates, and described subculture is cultivated and comprised the steps: that placing subculture medium to carry out subculture described just generation group training seedling cultivates, obtain the group training seedling of described blueberry;
Described subculture medium is to add the solid culture medium that following material obtains in described basic culture solution: zeatin, NAA, IBA, carbon source and gel; The final concentration of zeatin is 1.5-4mg/L in the described subculture medium, and the final concentration of NAA is 0.04-0.1mg/L, and the final concentration of IBA is 0.1-0.5mg/L.
2. the method for claim 1, it is characterized in that: described root-growing agent is as follows:
The solution that methyl α-naphthyl acetate and heteroauxin form: the compound method of the described root-growing agent of 1L is as follows: 1000mg methyl α-naphthyl acetate and 1000mg heteroauxin is soluble in water, be settled to 1L.
3. method as claimed in claim 1 or 2 is characterized in that: the time that described group of training seedling dips in root-growing agent is 3-10 second.
4. method as claimed in claim 3 is characterized in that: the time that described group of training seedling dips in root-growing agent is 5 seconds.
5. method as claimed in claim 1 or 2 is characterized in that: the spacing in the rows of group training seedling was 2-5cm when described cuttage root-taking was cultivated; Line-spacing is 3-8cm; The cuttage degree of depth is 1-1.5cm; The condition that described cuttage root-taking is cultivated is: temperature 25-35 ℃, relative moisture is 50-60%, and the light transmittance that shelters from heat or light is 45%-65%.
6. method as claimed in claim 5 is characterized in that: the spacing in the rows of group training seedling was 3cm when described cuttage root-taking was cultivated; Line-spacing is 5cm.
7. method as claimed in claim 1 or 2 is characterized in that: described method also comprises the preliminary hardening of described group of training seedling before dipping in root-growing agent; The time of described preliminary hardening is 7-8 days; Temperature is 25-35 ℃; Relative moisture is 50%-60%; Intensity of illumination is 2500-3500LX.
8. method as claimed in claim 1 or 2 is characterized in that: described method also comprises greenhouse hardening and the land for growing field crops hardening after the described seedling that obtains taking root; Described greenhouse hardening and land for growing field crops hardening comprise the steps: that with the described seedling of taking root green house hardening 40-60 days, the condition of green house hardening was between 25~35 ℃, and relative moisture is 50%-60%, and the light transmittance that shelters from heat or light is 45%~65%; The time of then carrying out the land for growing field crops hardening is 150-180 days.
9. method as claimed in claim 1 or 2 is characterized in that: the final concentration of zeatin is 3-4mg/L in the described just culture base, and the final concentration of NAA is 0.05-0.1mg/L;
The final concentration of zeatin is 2-3mg/L in the described subculture medium, and the final concentration of NAA is 0.06-0.08mg/L, and the final concentration of IBA is 0.2-0.3mg/L.
10. method as claimed in claim 9 is characterized in that: the final concentration of zeatin is 3mg/L or 4mg/L in the described just culture base, and the final concentration of NAA is 0.05-0.1mg/L;
The final concentration of zeatin is 2mg/L in the described subculture medium, and the final concentration of NAA is 0.08mg/L, and the final concentration of IBA is 0.2mg/L.
11. method as claimed in claim 9 is characterized in that: the final concentration of zeatin is 3-4mg/L in the described just culture base, and the final concentration of NAA is 0.05mg/L or 0.1mg/L;
The final concentration of zeatin is 3mg/L in the described subculture medium, and the final concentration of NAA is 0.06mg/L, and the final concentration of IBA is 0.3mg/L.
12. method as claimed in claim 1 or 2 is characterized in that: the gel in described just culture base and the described subculture medium all is agar or carragheen; Described carbon source all is glucose, maltose or sucrose;
Described agar all is 1300mg/cm in the intensity of described just culture base and described subculture medium 2The final concentration of described agar in described just culture base and described subculture medium all is 4-5g/L;
The final concentration of described sucrose in described just culture base and described subculture medium all is 25-35g/L.
13. method as claimed in claim 12 is characterized in that: the final concentration of described agar in described just culture base and described subculture medium all is 4.5g/L;
The final concentration of described sucrose in described just culture base and described subculture medium all is 30g/L.
CN 201110080071 2011-03-31 2011-03-31 Quick rooting method for 'Heyun' blueberry seedlings formed by tissue culture Active CN102138529B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201110080071 CN102138529B (en) 2011-03-31 2011-03-31 Quick rooting method for 'Heyun' blueberry seedlings formed by tissue culture

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201110080071 CN102138529B (en) 2011-03-31 2011-03-31 Quick rooting method for 'Heyun' blueberry seedlings formed by tissue culture

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102138529A CN102138529A (en) 2011-08-03
CN102138529B true CN102138529B (en) 2013-01-23

Family

ID=44406510

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201110080071 Active CN102138529B (en) 2011-03-31 2011-03-31 Quick rooting method for 'Heyun' blueberry seedlings formed by tissue culture

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN102138529B (en)

Families Citing this family (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102524061B (en) * 2011-12-03 2013-09-04 韦庆和 Rapid breeding technology for blueberry tissue culture seedling micro cuttings at high and cold area
CN103891495A (en) * 2014-01-16 2014-07-02 安徽和美蓝莓生物科技有限公司 Multivariate space ecological blueberry planting pattern
CN103875515B (en) * 2014-02-18 2017-01-04 杭州佑国生物科技有限公司 A kind of blueberry tissue culture outside sprout-cultivating-bottle radication method
CN104350912B (en) * 2014-10-23 2016-09-21 湖南省核农学与航天育种研究所 The cuttage breeding method of south blue berry
CN106171980A (en) * 2016-07-12 2016-12-07 安徽师范大学 Blueberry tissue cultural method
CN106550750A (en) * 2016-11-09 2017-04-05 广东融和生态农业集团有限公司 It is a kind of to improve the method that blue berry seedling cultivates quality
CN108651276A (en) * 2017-03-29 2018-10-16 北京林业大学 Rapid Rooting cultural method in blueberry tissue bag
CN109661960B (en) * 2018-08-24 2021-06-15 伊春林业科学院 Wild Vaccinium uliginosum twig micro-cutting seedling raising technology
CN112167034A (en) * 2020-08-07 2021-01-05 兰婷 Method for quickly breeding blueberries and natural light microcirculation cultivation box
CN112021181A (en) * 2020-10-11 2020-12-04 江苏东郁植物科技有限公司 Rooting medium for blueberry tissue culture seedlings and rooting method thereof

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101869078A (en) * 2010-07-14 2010-10-27 长春百瑞蓝莓科技发展有限公司 Seed-cultivating method of blueberry by means of tissue cultivation and micropropagation

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101869078A (en) * 2010-07-14 2010-10-27 长春百瑞蓝莓科技发展有限公司 Seed-cultivating method of blueberry by means of tissue cultivation and micropropagation

Non-Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
史海芝等.兔眼蓝莓嫩枝扦插繁殖技术.《西南林学院学报》.2010,第30卷(第2期),第25-27页. *
宁志怨等.蓝葛丛生芽的诱导及植株再生.《分子植物育种》.2007,第5卷(第6(S)期),第64-66页. *
王兴东等.蓝莓育苗技术.《北方果树》.2007,(第4期), *
程淑云.蓝莓组培苗瓶外生根技术的研究.《农业科技通讯》.2009, *
苏雪枫等.浅谈ABT生根粉系列及其在农林生产中的应用.《中国西部科技》.2010,第9卷(第7期),第60-61页. *

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN102138529A (en) 2011-08-03

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN102138529B (en) Quick rooting method for 'Heyun' blueberry seedlings formed by tissue culture
CN102187813B (en) Blueberry tissue culture method and special culture medium thereof
CN105284395A (en) Strawberry planting method
CN105165581B (en) A kind of ciltivating process of capsicum
CN103609441B (en) A kind of blueberry seedling-cultivating method
CN102657014A (en) Method for raising golden camellia seedlings by cutting
CN107787697B (en) Rhododendron hardwood cutting rapid seedling-forming outplanting propagation method
CN103444530B (en) Technology for field return-to-nature ex-situ plantation of wild anoectochilus roxburghii (Wall.) Lindl in Fujian
CN106386131A (en) Dragon fruit planting method
CN104686138A (en) Pot-planting method for Ningxia wolfberry
CN106258484A (en) A kind of high altitudes and cold area efficient implantation methods of Delicious lactarius
CN107873395A (en) A kind of mushroom bar type summer culture method and Rapid inoculator
CN104813850A (en) Grafting method for tomato
CN106258506A (en) A kind of method of pearl guava graft seedling growth
CN103875390A (en) Potted strawberry cultivating method
CN103609433B (en) Breeding method for bolting resistant radish selfing line
CN104488722A (en) Quick propagation method for tissue culture of staurogyne sp
CN105941154A (en) Comprehensive breeding method for superior winter jujube seedlings
CN106305426A (en) Establishment method for tissue culture system of Taiwan morus laevigata
CN103477989A (en) Method for cultivating eucalyptus tissue culture seedling by adopting light media container
CN106069535A (en) A kind of method improving seed of Fructus Vitis viniferae planting percent
CN109220799A (en) A kind of method of artificial pollination tissue culture technology and the cultivation breeding wild HERBA DENDROBII in the Qinling Mountains
CN103535285B (en) The Fast-propagation of honeysuckle seedling and in-vitro conservation method
CN103907513A (en) Alfalfa sprouting vegetable high-yield cultivation technology
CN103609452B (en) Tissue-culture rapid propagation method of cymbidium

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant