CN102132842A - Functional fruit and vegetable can and production process thereof - Google Patents

Functional fruit and vegetable can and production process thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102132842A
CN102132842A CN2011100419100A CN201110041910A CN102132842A CN 102132842 A CN102132842 A CN 102132842A CN 2011100419100 A CN2011100419100 A CN 2011100419100A CN 201110041910 A CN201110041910 A CN 201110041910A CN 102132842 A CN102132842 A CN 102132842A
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fruit
water
compatibility
quality
assorted
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CN2011100419100A
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Chinese (zh)
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韩德民
雷菊花
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雷菊花
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Priority to CN2011100419100A priority Critical patent/CN102132842A/en
Publication of CN102132842A publication Critical patent/CN102132842A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a functional fruit and vegetable can and a production process thereof. The invention is mainly characterized in that according to four properties and five flavors of food and drugs as well as functions of food and drugs, the combination of the two can lead the properties and flavors to be matched, power to help with each other, to be mutually promoted and mutually assisted, power to be greatly increased, and to be used for supplementing body and treating diseases. The invention mainly adopts fruits and vegetables and traditional Chinese herbs capable of being used as both medicine and food so as to inherit and develop dietotherapy of the Chinese tradition according to the properties and flavors and work out scientific formula for combining a traditional can production technology and a modern technology, thus forming modern agricultural high and new technology industry. The scientific production method and the new technology process are invented, and the functional fruit and vegetable can comprises the following compositions: organic fruits, mixed fruits, medicine-drug dual-use Chinese herbal medicine, nutrient and trace element. The functional fruit and vegetable can has the effects of treating and preventing diabetes mellitus, lowering blood lipid and blood pressure, losing weight, preventing having a cold, relieving cough and reducing sputum, improving appetite and promoting digestion, tonifying Qi and enriching the blood, invigorating the brain and benefiting the intelligence, nourishing yin for suppressing hyperactive yang, stablizing teeth and growing hair, and beautifying and moisturizing.

Description

Functional garden stuff can and production technology thereof

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of can and production technology thereof, especially a kind of functional garden stuff can and production technology thereof.

Background technology

The tinned fruit of China's production at present all is to adopt the conventional method that falls behind, but utilizes the Chinese herbal medicine of fruit and vegetable and medicine-food two-purpose that compatible according to the nature and flavor of food and medicine, it is also rare to produce the functional fruit and vegetable tin with certain curative effect.

Summary of the invention

The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of functional garden stuff can and production technology thereof, with the functional garden stuff can of this explained hereafter, according to " four property " of food and medicine and holding a little of " five tastes ", make scientific formula, nature and flavor are harmonious, and power heightens, and is used to mend body and treats disease.

Technical scheme of the present invention is: a kind of functional garden stuff can, the percentage by weight group of this functional garden stuff can is: 35~40 fruit, 10~20 fresh and dried assorted fruit, the Chinese herbal medicine of 10~15 medicine-food two-purpose, 10~15 all kinds of trace elements and xylitol, 1~3 glucose, 1~3 honey, 1~3 rock sugar, 0.3~0.5 plant antistaling agent, 0.1~0.3 citric acid, 20~30 pure water.

A kind of functional garden stuff can and production technology thereof the steps include:

Pre-treatment:

Water treatment, water is one of important material very in the can processing, its large usage quantity, the scope of application is wide, general natural water (comprising surface water and underground water), all contains a certain amount of inorganic matter, organic matter, hardness of water, an index such as the acidity of water and suspension, holding is not to contain more iron in some underground water, calcium ion etc.; The processing water of functional can, water quality is answered clear, colourless, tasteless, odorless, no suspended substance, non-iron content, manganese etc., Containing Sulfur cyanogen not, ammonia, nitrate and nitrite, and harmful material; Hardness of water is about 3~5 degree, and PH is about 6.0~7.0, must reach the standard of pure water;

(2) raw material is selected:

At first select fruit, select fresh 80% maturation, good taste, it is mashed to remove living green-rot, selects fresh and dried assorted fruit again after choosing fruit, fresh and dried assorted fruit is selected and will reach, pure, just, good, excellent, promptly: pure promptly is not have other impurity and other assorted fruits are arranged, and just promptly is not have fruit of poor quality is arranged, good promptly be do not have have rotten, dogberry such as damage by worms, excellent promptly is that quality is first-class, colour purity is not just having the shoddy low-quality goods that has sulphur etc. to handle; After choosing fresh fruit, select the Chinese herbal medicine of medicine-food two-purpose again, the selection of Chinese herbal medicine is even more important, and particularly the quality of Chinese herbal medicine must not be used low-quality goods, the Chinese herbal medicine that purchase was concocted necessarily checks, deposits the time limit, expired rotten necessarily can not using; The use of Chinese herbal medicine must close inspection, and it is selected up to standard that other auxiliary materials are also wanted, and as each trace element, glucose, xylitol, honey, rock sugar, plant antistaling agent, citric acid etc. all will reach relevant national standard could be used;

(3) raw material auxiliary material arrangement:

1. the medicine-food two-purpose Chinese herbal medicine is fried; Chinese herbal medicine chooses the back and is undertaken fried stand-by by standard formula with marmite or stainless-steel pan; 2. trace element and glucose, the preparation of xylitol, honey, rock sugar, plant antistaling agent, various trace elements and glucose, xylitol, honey, rock sugar, plant antistaling agent, it is stand-by all to be deployed into slurries by the standard recipe requirement; 3. the bubble of fresh and dried assorted fruit is sent out and is put in order, and fresh and dried assorted fruit selection back is steeped according to standard formula and sent out, and bubble is sent out the time and will be decided according to its quality requirement, must reach quality requirement and standard; 4. the cleaning of fruits and vegetables and arrangement, any fruits and vegetables all will be carried out strict cleaning, the peeling that has, the stoning that has,, strict peace technological standards, artificial or machinery is put in order; 5. protect look and guarantee the quality, some fruits and vegetables needs to protect immediately look after cleaning, and the needs peeling stoning that has is protected look or guaranteed the quality, and all wants strict and carries out by the technology standard; 6. cut apart shaping, the shape of fruits and vegetables will be undertaken that strictness is cut apart and shaping by technical matters requirement and standard elegant in appearance, and it is consistent to reach the shape size, and it is the same that color is wanted; Cut apart the back fruits and vegetables and want strict and clean, that need protect look also will protect look and anti-oxidation processing;

(4) key process technology:

1. precook, need the fruits and vegetables of processing all to need the processing of precooking; The target of precooking is a softening tissue, gets rid of the air in the raw tissue; The activity of destructive enzyme; Stablize color and luster; Improve local flavor; Remove part moisture; Kill the microorganism that partly is attached in the raw material; Keep opening the stable of jar solid content, adopt continuous precooker to precook with boiling water or Steam Heating; Each the kind difference of water of precooking, water requires different, and water need will be determined index according to technology with salt and citric acid etc., and the water of precooking will often be changed, and protects the cleaning and the quality standard of water; Precook time and temperature according to technology, raw material type, piece shape size is determined etc. condition; 2. blanching, the fruit that has do not need to precook only needs blanching, and this method is for the nutrient of protecting fruit and trace element; The water temperature of blanching must not surpass 95 degree, some fruit only needs 50 degree-60 degree, and blanching treatment time must be determined general 5-10 minute according to technology; 3. cooling no matter the fruit or the fruit after the blanching of precooking all will enter cooling immediately, is cooled off easily not slow soon; 4. put sorting in order, cooled fruit also must be put in order and sorting once more, further remove scar, otch does not have burr, and hollow smooth, nonstandard with fragmentation removing seed, remove belt leather of nuclear will separate tinning to size; 5. enhanced nutrient and trace element, will be ready in advance nutrient and trace element, be deployed into the nutrient solution of 50%-70%, temperature keeps the 80-90 degree, pickled 10-12 hour, fruit is absorbed till the 40%-50% nutrient solution; 6. compatibility liquid glucose and nutrient solution the medicine-food two-purpose Chinese herbal medicine fluid for preparing stand-by liquid glucose and extraction, require to carry out reasonable compatibility according to nature and flavor and the Chinese herbal medicine of the assorted fruit of fruit according to prescription, nature and flavor are harmonious, and power is helped mutually, the mutual reinforcement between mutual-assistance, reach power and heighten, purpose is mended body and is treated disease; 7. tinning, with the fruit chunk repaired by different color and lusters, the large, medium and small cleaning of putting into respectively, sterilize jar in; Again other handled well stand-by assorted fruit, put in the jar of having adorned fruit according to prescription and compatibility; Total tinning amount is not less than 55% of net weight, and nutrient solution has been got in i.e. injection ready after the tinning, adds the vitamin C of 0.02-0.03% in the nutrient solution, with the oxidation stain of the assorted fruit of inhibition fruit, and the citric acid of 0.1-0.015%, jar will stay bottom clearance 5-6 millimeter; 8. exhaust sealed cans, according to the technology of tinning, delivery temperature 75-85-90-96 degree sterilization cooling, the time kept 8-12 minute, sealed cans immediately while hot, vacuum-packed vacuum is not less than 60Kpa; 9. sterilization cooling was boiled in boiling water after the sealed cans about 10-20 minute, and segmentation is cooled off then, was cooled to temperature and was about the 30-40 degree and is as the criterion;

(5) back arrangement:

1. check: the can about cooling 40 degree is taken out, dry moisture, piling, after 25 degree constant temperature are preserved 5-7 round the clock, are detected substandard products, decals vanning, warehouse-in;

(6) quality index:

1. color and luster; Have the true qualities of raw material fruit and assorted fruit, color and luster is fresh, elegant in appearance, red, yellow, green, white obviously, give people's beauty beautiful sensation; 2. finished product has color, the free from extraneous odour of primary raw material fruit and assorted fruit, sour and sweet palatability; 3. nutrient solution is transparent better, allows the pulp chip of a small amount of muddiness, allows nature spot and indivedual little dry and hard, but have other and exogenous impurity is not arranged; 4. pulp soft or hard appropriateness, the size shape uniformity, fragmentation is no more than 5-10%; 5. the pulp solid content must not be lower than more than 55% of net weight; Nutrient solution concentration when 6. opening jar is counted 16-20% by refractive power, pol 10-16%; 7. total acid is 0.1-0.3%, 8. heavy metal with the citrometer: in every kilogram of goods, tin is no more than the 100-200 milligram, and copper is no more than 2 milligrams, and lead is no more than 2 milligrams; 9. microbiological indicator: the caused corrupt symbol of no pathogenic bacteria and microbial activities; 10. meet national assorted fruits standard: QB/T1117-1991.

The fruit of functional garden stuff can, assorted fruit can be adopted following compatibility, and 1. apricot (ansu apricot) can compatibility: radish, Chinese yam, water chestnut, lily, pears, white fungus, gingko, mung bean, hawthorn, lotus seeds; 2. peach can compatibility: date, white fungus, lotus seeds, matrimony vine; 3. pears can compatibility: oolong tea, matrimony vine, peach kernel, apple, dried persimmon, auricularia auriculajudae, peanut, celery, Chinese yam, date; 4. hawthorn can compatibility: oolong tea, matrimony vine, peach kernel, apple, dried persimmon, auricularia auriculajudae, peanut, celery, walnut kernel, longan, orange, black soya bean; 5. persimmon can compatibility: loquat, flatly eat, peanut, banana, lotus rhizome, auricularia auriculajudae, radish, white fungus, water chestnut, pears, pumpkin, matrimony vine, date; 6. Chinese chestnut can compatibility: date, walnut kernel, auricularia auriculajudae, radish, pumpkin, mushroom, taro, lotus seeds, Gorgon fruit, matrimony vine, Chinese yam, water chestnut, longan; 7. date can compatibility: Chinese chestnut, Chinese yam, French beans, mulberry fruit, longan, lotus seeds, auricularia auriculajudae, water chestnut, taro, pumpkin, mushroom, rde bean, the seed of jog's tears, lichee, pawpaw, day lily, matrimony vine; 8. walnut can compatibility: date, leek, sea cucumber, Gorgon fruit, Chinese yam, Semen sesami nigrum, gingko, almond, peanut, matrimony vine, hawthorn, chrysanthemum, pears; 9. longan can compatibility: date, lotus seeds, Gorgon fruit, mung bean, red bean, Chinese yam, lichee, matrimony vine, mulberry fruit, peanut, radish, auricularia auriculajudae, lily, almond, walnut kernel; 10. gingko can compatibility: water chestnut, radish, pears, loquat, Chinese yam, date, matrimony vine, lotus seeds, longan, Gorgon fruit, wax gourd, red bean, cherry, the seed of jog's tears, celery; Pineapple can compatibility: date, white fungus, matrimony vine, longan, pears, lily, lotus seeds, pawpaw, lichee; Kiwi berry can compatibility: date, pears, apple, celery, white fungus, lotus seeds, water chestnut, the seed of jog's tears, lily; Apple can compatibility: pears, jujube, lily, Kiwi berry, lotus seeds, Chinese yam, white fungus, longan, lichee, pineapple; Oranges and tangerines can compatibility: apple, pineapple, white fungus, lichee, longan, jujube, lotus seeds, almond, gingko, radish; But asparagus compatibility: white fungus, auricularia auriculajudae, lily, all kinds of edible mushroom, almond, gingko, radish, pears, jujube, pawpaw; But pumpkin compatibility: date, white fungus, lily, almond, gingko, hawthorn, lotus seeds, all kinds of edible mushroom; But sweet potato compatibility: Chinese yam, auricularia auriculajudae, white fungus, lily, almond, gingko, date, radish, pears, pawpaw, all kinds of edible mushroom, hawthorn, lotus seeds.

This advantage is: the present invention mainly according to the holding a little of food and medicine " four property " and " five tastes ", presses the function of food and medicine, the two combination, nature and flavor is harmonious, power is helped mutually, the mutual reinforcement between mutual-assistance, power heighten, and is used to mend body and treats disease.The present invention mainly adopts the Chinese herbal medicine of fruit and vegetable and medicine-food two-purpose, according to its nature and flavor, inherit and develop the traditional dietetic treatment of China, make scientific formula traditional productive precess for canned and modern science and technology are combined, form the modern agriculture new high-tech industry.The present invention determines that life respectively holds the different stage nutritional need in (baby, pregnant woman, young period such as old and ill).The present invention has designed the processing method of effective food, and composition and its effect of performance of improving food are; Treatment and prevention diabetes, blood fat-reducing blood pressure-decreasing, fat-reducing, preventing cold, relieving cough and reducing sputum, stomach strengthening and digestion promoting, tonifying Qi are enriched blood, brain tonic and intelligence development, nourishing and strengthening vital, permanent tooth hair tonic, beauty treatment skin moisten, build up health, have good health and a long life.This patent has been invented the different effect of holding of the function of food and medicine and various micro-functional components, treats disease for use in mending body.The present invention does not destroy under the prerequisite of not pulverizing in principle at vegetable and fruit self original shape, and what allow the plain and trace element of functional nutrient can be sufficient enters into vegetable and fruit self, only eats vegetables and fruits and just can reach the effect of mending body treatment disease thereby reach.Nutrition and the sense organ of the present invention except having bread and cheese enjoyed outside the two big functions, also has the third-largest function of regulating physiological activity, and just it is embodied in, and promotes body health, breaks through inferior health, the important function of aspects such as dispelling disease.The present invention is according to 21 century people's the health status and the market demand.The application function Food Chemistry, nutrition is estimated the basic principle of learning, various concrete functional foods have been carried out the research invention, and borrow the realization of rib engineering science principle, modern agriculture suitability for industrialized production, and promoting the well-being of mankind, it is basis and the assurance that the 21 century people yearn for good health and a long life.

The specific embodiment

(1) pre-treatment

1. water treatment, water is one of important material very in the can processing, its large usage quantity, the scope of application is wide, general natural water (comprising surface water and underground water), all contains a certain amount of inorganic matter, organic matter, hardness of water, an index such as the acidity of water and suspension, holding is not to contain more iron in some underground water, calcium ion etc.; The processing water of functional can, water quality is answered clear, colourless, tasteless, odorless, no suspended substance, non-iron content, manganese etc., Containing Sulfur cyanogen not, ammonia, nitrate and nitrite, and harmful material; Hardness of water is about 3~5 degree, and PH is about 6.0~7.0, must reach the standard of pure water;

(1) raw material is selected:

1. at first select fruit, select fresh 80% maturation, good taste removes living green-rot decayed fruit, chooses fruit and selects fresh and dried assorted fruit again, fresh and dried assorted fruit is selected and will reach, pure, just, good, excellent, promptly: pure promptly is not have other impurity and other assorted fruits are arranged, and just promptly is not have fruit of poor quality is arranged, good promptly be do not have have rotten, dogberry such as damage by worms, excellent promptly is that quality is first-class, colour purity is not just having the shoddy low-quality goods that has sulphur etc. to handle; After choosing dry and fresh fruit, select the Chinese herbal medicine of medicine-food two-purpose again, the selection of Chinese herbal medicine is even more important, and particularly the quality of Chinese herbal medicine must not be used low-quality goods, buying the Chinese herbal medicine one concocted will check, deposit the time limit whether of poor quality, expired go bad necessarily can not use; The use of Chinese herbal medicine must close inspection, and it is selected up to standard that other auxiliary materials are also wanted, and as various trace elements, glucose, xylitol, honey, rock sugar, plant antistaling agent, citric acid etc. all will reach relevant national standard could be used;

(3) raw material auxiliary material arrangement:

1. the medicine-food two-purpose Chinese herbal medicine is fried; Chinese herbal medicine chooses the back and is undertaken fried stand-by by standard formula with marmite or stainless-steel pan; 2. trace element and glucose, the preparation of xylitol, honey, rock sugar, plant antistaling agent; Various trace elements and glucose, xylitol, honey, rock sugar, plant antistaling agent, it is stand-by all to be deployed into slurries by the standard recipe requirement; 3. the bubble of fresh and dried assorted fruit is sent out and is put in order, and fresh and dried assorted fruit selection back is steeped according to standard formula and sent out, and bubble is sent out the time and will be decided according to its quality requirement, must reach quality requirement and standard; 4. fruits and vegetables clean and arrangement, and the strictness that any fruits and vegetables all will carry out is cleaned, the peeling that has, the stoning that has, strict technological standards, and artificial or machinery is put in order; 5. protect look and guarantee the quality, some fruits and vegetables needs to protect immediately look after cleaning, and the needs peeling that has is protected look or guaranteed the quality, and all wants strict and carries out by the technology standard; 6. cut apart shaping, the shape of fruits and vegetables will be undertaken that strictness is cut apart and shaping by technical matters requirement and standard elegant in appearance, and it is consistent to reach the shape size, and it is the same that color is wanted; Cut apart the back fruits and vegetables and want strict and clean, that need protect look also will protect look and anti-oxidation processing;

(4) key process technology:

1. precook, need the fruits and vegetables of processing before tinning, all to need the processing of precooking; The target of precooking is a softening tissue, gets rid of the air in the raw tissue; The activity of destructive enzyme; Stablize color and luster; Improve local flavor; Remove part moisture; Kill the microorganism that partly is attached in the raw material; Keep opening the stable of jar solid content; Adopt continuous precooker to precook with boiling water or Steam Heating; Each the kind difference of water of precooking, water requires different, and water need will be determined index according to technology with salt and citric acid etc., and the water of precooking will often be changed, and protects the cleaning and the quality standard of water; Precook time and temperature according to technology, raw material type, piece shape size is determined etc. condition; 2. blanching, the fruit that has do not need to precook only needs blanching, and this method is for the nutrient of protecting fruit and trace element; The water temperature of blanching must not surpass 95 degree, some fruit only needs 50 degree-60 degree, and blanching treatment time will be determined general 5-10 minute according to technology; 3. cooling no matter the fruit or the fruit after the blanching of precooking all will enter cooling immediately, is cooled off easily not slow soon; 4. put sorting in order, cooled fruit also must be put in order and sorting once more, further remove scar, otch does not have burr, nuclear hollow smooth, remove seed, nonstandard with fragmentation of removing belt leather will openly come tinning to size; 5. enhanced nutrient and trace element, will be ready in advance nutrient and trace element, be deployed into the nutrient solution of 50%-70%, temperature keeps the 80-90 degree, pickled 10-12 hour, fruit is absorbed till the 40%-50% nutrient solution; 6. compatibility liquid glucose and nutrient solution the medicine-food two-purpose Chinese herbal medicine fluid for preparing stand-by slurries and extraction, require according to fruit according to prescription, the nature and flavor of assorted fruit and the nature and flavor of Chinese herbal medicine carry out reasonable compatibility, and nature and flavor are harmonious, and power is helped mutually, the mutual reinforcement between mutual-assistance reaches power and heightens, and purpose is mended body and treated disease; 7. tinning, with the water piece repaired by different color and lusters, the large, medium and small cleaning of putting into respectively, sterilize jar in; Again other handled well stand-by assorted fruit, put in the jar of having adorned fruit according to prescription and compatibility; Total tinning amount is not less than 55% of net weight, and nutrient solution has been got in i.e. injection ready after the tinning, adds the vitamin C of 0.02-0.03% in the nutrient solution, with the oxidation stain of the assorted fruit of inhibition fruit, and the citric acid of 0.1-0.015%, jar will stay bottom clearance 5-6 millimeter; 8. exhaust sealed cans, according to the technology of tinning, delivery temperature 75-85-90-96 degree sterilization dress cooling, the time kept 8-12 minute, sealed cans immediately while hot, vacuum-packed vacuum is not less than 60Kpa; 9. sterilization cooling was boiled in boiling water after the sealed cans about 10-20 minute, and segmentation is cooled off then, was cooled to temperature and was about the 20-40 degree and is as the criterion;

(5) back arrangement:

1. check: the can about cooling 40 degree is taken out, dry moisture, piling, after 25 degree constant temperature are preserved 5-7 round the clock, are detected substandard products, decals vanning, warehouse-in;

(6) quality index:

1. color and luster; Have the true qualities of raw material fruit and assorted fruit, color and luster is fresh, elegant in appearance, red, yellow, green, white obviously, give people's beauty beautiful sensation; 2. finished product has color, the free from extraneous odour of primary raw material fruit and assorted fruit, sour and sweet palatability; 3. nutrient solution is transparent better, allows the pulp chip of a small amount of muddiness, allows nature spot and indivedual little dry and hard, but does not have other and exogenous impurity; 4. pulp soft or hard appropriateness, big or small shape uniformity, fragmentation is no more than 5-10%; 5. the pulp solid content must not be lower than more than the 55%$ of net weight; Nutrient solution concentration when 6. opening jar is counted 16-20% by refractive power, pol 10-16%; 7. total acid is 0.1-0.3%, 8. heavy metal with the citrometer: in every kilogram of goods, tin is no more than the 100-200 milligram, and copper is no more than 2 milligrams, and lead is no more than 2 milligrams; 9. microbiological indicator: the caused corrupt symbol of no pathogenic bacteria and microbial activities; 10. meet national assorted fruits standard: QB/T1117-1991.

Claims (2)

1. functional garden stuff can and production technology thereof the steps include:
(1) at first definite, the percentage by weight group of this functional garden stuff can is:
35~40 fruit, 10~20 fresh and dried assorted fruit, the Chinese herbal medicine of 10~15 medicine-food two-purposes, 10~15 all kinds of trace elements and xylitol, 1~3 glucose, 1~3 honey, 1~3 rock sugar, 1~3 rock sugar, 0.3~0.5 plant antistaling agent, 0.1~0.3 citric acid, 20~30 pure water; The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of functional garden stuff can and production technology thereof, with the functional garden stuff can of this explained hereafter, according to " four property " of food and medicine and holding a little of " five tastes ", make scientific formula, nature and flavor are harmonious, and power heightens, and is used to mend body and treats disease.
(2) pre-treatment:
Water treatment, water is one of important material very in the can processing, its large usage quantity, the scope of application is wide, general natural water (comprising surface water and underground water), all contains a certain amount of inorganic matter, organic matter, hardness of water, an index such as the acidity of water and suspension, holding is not to contain more iron in some underground water, calcium ion etc.; The processing water of functional can, water quality is answered clear, colourless, tasteless, odorless, no suspended substance, non-iron content, manganese etc., Containing Sulfur cyanogen not, ammonia, nitrate and nitrite, and harmful material; Hardness of water is about 3~5 degree, and PH is about 6.0~7.0, must reach the standard of pure water;
(3) raw material is selected:
At first select fruit, select fresh 80% maturation, good taste removes living green-rot decayed fruit, chooses fruit and selects fresh and dried assorted fruit again, fresh and dried assorted fruit is selected and will reach, pure, just, good, excellent, promptly: pure promptly is not have other impurity and other assorted fruits are arranged, and just promptly is not have fruit of poor quality is arranged, good promptly be do not have have rotten, dogberry such as damage by worms, excellent promptly is that quality is first-class, colour purity is not just having the shoddy low-quality goods that has sulphur etc. to handle; After choosing dry and fresh fruit, select the Chinese herbal medicine of medicine-food two-purpose again, the selection of Chinese herbal medicine is even more important, and particularly the quality of Chinese herbal medicine must not be used low-quality goods, whether of poor quality, expired buying the Chinese herbal medicine one of infusion will check, deposit the time limit rotten necessarily can not using; The use of Chinese herbal medicine must close inspection, and it is selected up to standard that other auxiliary materials are also wanted, and as various trace elements, glucose, xylitol, honey, rock sugar, plant antistaling agent, citric acid etc. all will reach relevant national standard could be used;
(4) raw material auxiliary material arrangement:
1. the medicine-food two-purpose Chinese herbal medicine is fried; Chinese herbal medicine chooses the back and is undertaken fried stand-by by standard formula with marmite or stainless-steel pan; 2. trace element and glucose, the preparation of xylitol, honey, rock sugar, plant antistaling agent; Various trace elements and glucose, xylitol, honey, rock sugar, plant antistaling agent, it is stand-by all to be deployed into slurries by the standard recipe requirement; 3. the bubble of fresh and dried assorted fruit is sent out and is put in order, and fresh and dried assorted fruit selection back is steeped according to standard formula and sent out, and bubble is sent out the time and will be decided according to its quality requirement, must reach quality requirement and standard; 4. fruits and vegetables clean and arrangement, and the strictness that any fruits and vegetables all will carry out is cleaned, the peeling that has, the stoning that has, strict technological standards, and artificial or machinery is put in order; 5. protect look and guarantee the quality, some fruits and vegetables needs to protect immediately look after cleaning, and the needs peeling that has is protected look or guaranteed the quality, and all wants strict and carries out by the technology standard; 6. cut apart shaping, the shape of fruits and vegetables will be undertaken that strictness is cut apart and shaping by technical matters requirement and standard elegant in appearance, and it is consistent to reach the shape size, and it is the same that color is wanted; Cut apart the back fruits and vegetables and want strict and clean, that need protect look also will protect look and anti-oxidation processing;
(5) key process technology:
1. precook, need the fruits and vegetables of processing before tinning, all to need the processing of precooking; The target of precooking is a softening tissue, gets rid of the air in the raw tissue; The activity of destructive enzyme; Stablize color and luster; Improve local flavor; Remove part moisture; Kill the microorganism that partly is attached in the raw material; Keep opening the stable of jar solid content; Adopt continuous precooker to precook with boiling water or Steam Heating; Each the kind difference of water of precooking, water requires different, and water need will be determined index according to technology with salt and citric acid etc., and the water of precooking will often be changed, and protects the cleaning and the quality standard of water; Precook time and temperature according to technology, raw material type, piece shape size is determined etc. condition; 2. blanching, the fruit that has do not need to precook only needs blanching, and this method is for the nutrient of protecting fruit and trace element; The water temperature of blanching must not surpass 95 degree, some fruit only needs 50 degree-60 degree, and blanching treatment time will be determined general 5-10 minute according to technology; 3. cooling no matter the fruit or the fruit after the blanching of precooking all will enter cooling immediately, is cooled off easily not slow soon; 4. put sorting in order, cooled fruit also must be put in order and sorting once more, further remove scar, otch does not have burr, nuclear hollow smooth, remove seed, nonstandard with fragmentation of removing belt leather will openly come tinning to size; 5. enhanced nutrient and trace element, will be ready in advance nutrient and trace element, be deployed into the nutrient solution of 50%-70%, temperature keeps the 80-90 degree, pickled 10-12 hour, fruit is absorbed till the 40%-50% nutrient solution; 6. compatibility liquid glucose and nutrient solution the medicine-food two-purpose Chinese herbal medicine fluid for preparing stand-by slurries and extraction, require according to fruit according to prescription, the nature and flavor of assorted fruit and the nature and flavor of Chinese herbal medicine carry out reasonable compatibility, and nature and flavor are harmonious, and power is helped mutually, the mutual reinforcement between mutual-assistance reaches power and heightens, and purpose is mended body and treated disease; 7. tinning, with the fruit chunk repaired by different color and lusters, the large, medium and small cleaning of putting into respectively, sterilize jar in; Again other handled well stand-by assorted fruit, put in the jar of having adorned fruit according to prescription and compatibility; Total tinning amount is not less than 55% of net weight, promptly injects after the tinning and has got nutrient solution ready, adds the vitamin C of 0.02-0.03% in the nutrient solution, and to suppress the oxidation stain of the assorted fruit of fruit, the citric acid milk container of 0.1-0.015% will stay bottom clearance 5-6 millimeter; 8. exhaust sealed cans, according to the technology of tinning, delivery temperature 75-85-90-96 degree sterilization dress cooling, the time kept 8-12 minute, sealed cans immediately while hot, vacuum-packed vacuum is not less than 60Kpa; 9. sterilization cooling was boiled in boiling water after the sealed cans about 10-20 minute, and segmentation is cooled off then, was cooled to temperature and was about the 30-40 degree and is as the criterion;
(6) back arrangement:
1. check: the can about cooling 40 degree is taken out, dry moisture, piling, after 25 degree constant temperature are preserved 5-7 round the clock, are detected substandard products, decals vanning, warehouse-in;
2. quality index:
1. color and luster; Have the true qualities of raw material fruit and assorted fruit, color and luster is fresh, elegant in appearance, red, yellow, green, white obviously, give people's beauty beautiful sensation; 2. finished product has color, the free from extraneous odour of primary raw material fruit and assorted fruit, sour and sweet palatability; 3. nutrient solution is transparent better, allows the pulp chip of a small amount of muddiness, allows nature spot and indivedual little dry and hard but be listed as other and exogenous impurity; 4. pulp soft or hard appropriateness, the size shape uniformity, fragmentation is no more than 5-10%; 5. the pulp solid content must not be lower than more than 55% of net weight; Nutrient solution concentration when 6. opening jar is counted 16-20% by refractive power, and pol is 10%-16%; 7. total acid is 0.1-0.3%, 8. heavy metal with the citrometer: in every kilogram of goods, tin is no more than the 100-200 milligram, and copper is no more than 2 milligrams, and lead is no more than 2 milligrams; 9. microbiological indicator: the caused corrupt symbol of no pathogenic bacteria and biological activity; 10. meet national assorted fruits standard: QB/T1117-1991.
2. functional garden stuff can according to claim 1 and production technology thereof, it is held to levy and is: the fruit of functional garden stuff can, assorted fruit can be adopted following compatibility, and 1. apricot (ansu apricot) can compatibility: radish, Chinese yam, water chestnut, lily, pears, white fungus, gingko, mung bean, hawthorn, lotus seeds; 2. peach can compatibility: date, white fungus, lotus seeds, matrimony vine; 3. pears can compatibility: oolong tea, matrimony vine, peach kernel, apple, dried persimmon, auricularia auriculajudae, peanut, celery, Chinese yam, date; 4. hawthorn can compatibility: oolong tea, matrimony vine, peach kernel, apple, dried persimmon, auricularia auriculajudae peanut, celery, walnut kernel, longan, orange, black soya bean; 5. persimmon can compatibility: loquat, flatly eat, peanut, banana, lotus rhizome, auricularia auriculajudae, radish, white fungus, water chestnut, pears, pumpkin, matrimony vine, date; 6. Chinese chestnut can compatibility: date, walnut kernel, auricularia auriculajudae, radish, pumpkin, mushroom, taro, lotus seeds, Gorgon fruit, matrimony vine, Chinese yam, water chestnut, longan; 7. date can compatibility: Chinese chestnut, potato, French beans, mulberry fruit, longan, lotus seeds, auricularia auriculajudae, water chestnut, taro, buy to resell, mushroom, rde bean, the seed of jog's tears, lichee, pawpaw, day lily, matrimony vine; 8. walnut can compatibility: date, leek, sea cucumber, Gorgon fruit, Chinese yam, Semen sesami nigrum, gingko, almond, peanut, matrimony vine, hawthorn, chrysanthemum, pears; 9. longan can compatibility: date, lotus seeds, Gorgon fruit, mung bean, rde bean, Chinese yam, lichee, matrimony vine, mulberry fruit, peanut, radish, auricularia auriculajudae, lily, almond, walnut kernel; 10. gingko can compatibility: water chestnut, radish, pears, loquat, Chinese yam, date, matrimony vine, lotus seeds, longan, Gorgon fruit, wax gourd, red bean, cherry, the seed of jog's tears, celery; Pineapple can compatibility: date, white fungus, matrimony vine, longan, pears, lily, lotus seeds, pawpaw, lichee; Kiwi berry can compatibility: date, pears, apple, celery, white fungus, lotus seeds, water chestnut, the seed of jog's tears, lily; Apple can compatibility: pears, jujube, lily, Kiwi berry, lotus seeds, Chinese yam, white fungus, longan, lichee, pineapple; Oranges and tangerines can compatibility: apple, pineapple, white fungus, lichee, longan, jujube, lotus seeds, almond, gingko, radish; But asparagus compatibility: white fungus, auricularia auriculajudae, lily, all kinds of edible mushroom, almond, gingko, radish, pears, jujube, pawpaw; But pumpkin compatibility: date, eye ear, lily, almond, gingko, hawthorn, lotus seeds, all kinds of edible mushroom; But sweet potato compatibility; Chinese yam, auricularia auriculajudae, white fungus, lily, almond, gingko, date, radish, pears, pawpaw, all kinds of edible mushroom, hawthorn, lotus seeds.
CN2011100419100A 2011-02-22 2011-02-22 Functional fruit and vegetable can and production process thereof CN102132842A (en)

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CN102550661A (en) * 2011-12-28 2012-07-11 苏州市吴中区甪直喜福瑞食品厂 Processing method of gorgon fruit can
CN102630905A (en) * 2012-04-05 2012-08-15 南雄市金味果业有限公司 Preparation method of pickled radish
CN102630905B (en) * 2012-04-05 2013-05-01 南雄市金味果业有限公司 Preparation method of pickled radish
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CN103222501A (en) * 2013-04-19 2013-07-31 张丽香 Health-care canned litchi, and preparation method thereof
RU2539958C2 (en) * 2013-04-23 2015-01-27 Федеральное Государственное Бюджетное Образовательное Учреждение Высшего Профессионального Образования "Дагестанский Государственный Технический Университет" (Дгту) Method for sterilisation of pear compote with xylitol
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Application publication date: 20110727