CN102132500B - Device for determining common-mode signal in power line communication network - Google Patents

Device for determining common-mode signal in power line communication network Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102132500B
CN102132500B CN200980132518.8A CN200980132518A CN102132500B CN 102132500 B CN102132500 B CN 102132500B CN 200980132518 A CN200980132518 A CN 200980132518A CN 102132500 B CN102132500 B CN 102132500B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
mode signal
common
line
terminal
impedance
Prior art date
Application number
CN200980132518.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102132500A (en
Inventor
安德里亚斯·斯楚瓦格尔
维尔纳·巴斯查林
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索尼公司
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Filing date
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Priority to EP08014781.2 priority Critical
Priority to EP08014781A priority patent/EP2157704B1/en
Application filed by 索尼公司 filed Critical 索尼公司
Priority to PCT/EP2009/003302 priority patent/WO2010020298A1/en
Publication of CN102132500A publication Critical patent/CN102132500A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102132500B publication Critical patent/CN102132500B/en

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B3/00Line transmission systems
    • H04B3/54Systems for transmission via power distribution lines
    • H04B3/56Circuits for coupling, blocking, or by-passing of signals
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B3/00Line transmission systems
    • H04B3/02Details
    • H04B3/30Reducing interference caused by unbalance current in a normally balanced line
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B3/00Line transmission systems
    • H04B3/54Systems for transmission via power distribution lines
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B2203/00Indexing scheme relating to line transmission systems
    • H04B2203/54Aspects of powerline communications not already covered by H04B3/54 and its subgroups
    • H04B2203/5462Systems for power line communications
    • H04B2203/5466Systems for power line communications using three phases conductors
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B2203/00Indexing scheme relating to line transmission systems
    • H04B2203/54Aspects of powerline communications not already covered by H04B3/54 and its subgroups
    • H04B2203/5462Systems for power line communications
    • H04B2203/5483Systems for power line communications using coupling circuits

Abstract

A device (100, 200, 300) for determining a common-mode signal in a power line communication network is provided. The device (100, 200, 300) comprises a first line (102), a second line (104) and a third line (106) that are connected to a first terminal (110), to a second terminal (112) and to a third terminal (114), respectively. The first, the second and the third terminal (110, 112, 114) are configured to be connected to a phase line (P), a neutral line (N) and a protective earth line (PE) of the power line communication network, respectively. The device (100, 200, 300) further comprises a common-mode choke (120) configured to couple out the common signal from the first, second and third line (102, 104, 106), and the common-mode choke (120) is connected to a termination impedance (122) which is higher than an impedance of the power line communication network.

Description

For determining the device of common-mode signal in power line communication network

Technical field

Embodiments of the invention relate to the device for determining common-mode signal (common-mode signal) in power line communication network (power linecommunication network).

Background technology

Power line communication (PLC) is also known as trunk communication, power line transmission or power line telecommunications (PLT), broadband power line (BPL), electric power band or power line network (PLN), and distributing electric power wire is used for some different systems that data are distributed simultaneously by this term description.Carrier wave passes on voice-and-data by 50 or 60Hz alternating current (AC) analog signal superposing standard.For indoor application, home electrical circuit can be used as transmission medium by PLC device.This technology such as home network or in home automation for the Long-distance Control of lighting apparatus and household electrical appliance, extension wire is not installed.

Transmit and Received signal strength in differential mode (DM) mode in standard PLC system.Difference mode signal be a kind of wire on the method for transmission information.In DM signalling, a wire carries signal, and another wire carries its inverted signal, and therefore on two wires, the summation of voltage to earth is always taken as zero.Therefore in order to communication objective, PLC modulator-demodulator introduces DM signal between the neutral line (neutral line) and phase line (phase line) of the outlet of home power line networks.Another PLC modulator-demodulator can receive this DM signal in another outlet, and utilizes the household electrical appliance that DM signal controlling is associated with reception PLC modulator-demodulator.

In internal powerline power networking, between phase line and the neutral line, there is asymmetric element, such as light source switch, electric current lock, safety box, branch road etc.In these asymmetric elements, the DM signal that PLC modulator-demodulator is introduced is converted into common mode (CM) signal.In order to improve the coverage of PLC system, multiple-input and multiple-output (MIMO) PLC modulator-demodulator can utilize different channels, particularly common-mode signal.

Therefore, the device of improvement is needed, for determining common-mode signal in power line communication network.

Summary of the invention

The object of this invention is to provide a kind of device for determining common-mode signal in power line communication network, there is the ability of stronger detection common-mode signal.

This object is realized by device according to claim 1.

Description in consideration of the drawings and below, other details of the present invention will become apparent.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Accompanying drawing is included to provide the further understanding to embodiment, in conjunction with in the description and form the part of specification.Accompanying drawing illustrates that embodiment is also together with the description for illustration of the principle of embodiment.A lot of expectation advantages of other embodiments and embodiment are differentiated being easy to, because by reference to detailed description below, they become better understood.The element of accompanying drawing need not convergent-divergent relative to each other.Identical Reference numeral represents corresponding similar parts.

Fig. 1 illustrates the schematic circuit of the embodiment of the present invention,

Fig. 2 illustrates the schematic circuit of another embodiment of the present invention,

Fig. 3 illustrates the schematic circuit of another embodiment of the present invention,

Fig. 4 illustrates the schematic circuit of another embodiment of the present invention,

Fig. 5 illustrates the schematic diagram for illustration of being received MIMO signal by embodiments of the invention.

Embodiment

Embodiments of the invention are described below.Be important to note that, whole described embodiment below can combine by any way, that is, not necessarily combine with other embodiments for embodiment described in some and do not limit.In addition it should be noted that all in accompanying drawing identical Reference numeral represent same or analogous element.

Be appreciated that and can utilize other embodiments, and the structure or logic change that do not depart from the scope of the invention can be made.Therefore the detailed description below is not make in restrictive sense, and scope of the present invention is defined by the claims.

Be appreciated that unless otherwise special expression, otherwise the feature of different embodiment described here can combine mutually.

Figure 1 illustrates the schematic circuit of the device 100 for determining common-mode signal in power line communication network.In order to determine that common mode enters in DM powerline systems, device 100 can be such as probe (probe).Device 100 also can be a part for the power line modem receiving power line signal.

Device 100 comprises first line 102, second circuit 104 and tertiary circuit 106 that are connected respectively to the first terminal 110, second terminal 112 and the 3rd terminal 114.Phase line P can be connected to the first terminal 110, and neutral line N can be connected to the second terminal 112, and protective ground line PE can be connected to the 3rd terminal 114.

Device 100 comprises common mode choke 120, and common mode choke 120 is configured to the common-mode signal suppressing (coupleout) from first line 102, second circuit 104 and tertiary circuit 106.

Common mode choke 120 is connected to terminal impedance 122, and terminal impedance 122 is greater than the impedance of power line communication network.Power line communication network comprises all circuits, household electrical appliance and the device that are connected to phase line P, neutral line N and protective ground line PE.

When use has the terminal impedance 122 of high impedance (such as higher than the impedance of power line communication network); (impedance of power line communication network is such as suitable for using very low terminal impedance; be such as 50 ohm to 150 ohm) compare, to be transmitted by phase line P, neutral line N and protective ground line PE and the corresponding DM signal transmitted by first line 102, second circuit 104 and tertiary circuit 106 is influenced less.

The schematic circuit of another device 200 for determining common-mode signal shown in Figure 2.First line 102, second circuit 104 and tertiary circuit 106 are connected to the first terminal 110, second terminal 112 and the 3rd terminal 114 respectively by coupling capacitance C.Coupling capacitance C is for isolating device 200 and the DC signal on phase line P, neutral line N and protective ground line PE.

Common mode choke 120 is around first line 102, second circuit 104 and tertiary circuit 106 and be connected to the terminal impedance 122 higher than the impedance of power line communication network.

First line 102 is via the first transformer 202 ground connection, and the second circuit 104 is via the second transformer 204 ground connection, and tertiary circuit 106 is via the 3rd transformer 206 ground connection.First output 212 is connected to the first transformer 202 (impedance), and the second output 214 is connected to the second transformer 204 (impedance), and the 3rd output 216 is connected to the 3rd transformer 206 (impedance).First output 212, second output 214 and the 3rd output 216 end at terminal impedance 222,224 and 226, and terminal impedance 222,224 and 226 can have the impedance matched with the impedance of power line network (being such as 50 ohm) respectively.First output 212, second output 214 and the 3rd output 216 are for providing the difference mode signal on present first line 102, second circuit 104 and tertiary circuit 106.

4th output 218 is connected to common mode choke 120.4th output 218 is configured to provide the common-mode signal on present first line 102, second circuit 104 and tertiary circuit 106.

Terminal impedance 122 can be embodied as the input impedance of the analog to digital converter being connected to common mode choke 120.Grid by CMOS transistor controls the input impedance of analog to digital converter.The value of this input impedance should be maximum, usually between 1k Ω and 3k Ω.

Star topology is configured in known Fig. 2.But the structure in Fig. 2 also can use triangle topology.

The schematic circuit of another device 300 for determining common-mode signal shown in Figure 3.Carried out the determination of difference mode signal by the first amplifier 302, second amplifier 304 and the 3rd amplifier 306 in device 300.

One of them input end grounding of the input of the first amplifier 302, second amplifier 304 and the 3rd amplifier 306.Another input of first amplifier 302 is connected to the first line 102 between common mode choke 120 and the first impedance 312.Second input of the second amplifier 304 is connected to the second circuit 104 between common mode choke 120 and the second impedance 314.Second input of the 3rd amplifier 306 is connected to the tertiary circuit 106 between common mode choke 120 and the 3rd impedance 316.The output of the first amplifier 302, second amplifier 304 and the 3rd amplifier 306 is connected respectively to the first output 222, second output 224 and the 3rd output 226.

By these amplifiers, the common-mode signal on first line 102, second circuit 104 and tertiary circuit 106 can be determined at the first output 222, second output 224 and the 3rd output 226 place.First amplifier 302, second amplifier 304 and the 3rd amplifier 306 are arranged to Star topology.But, also can be triangle topographical arrangement.

Shown in Figure 4ly determine that the value of terminal impedance 122 is on the isolation of the difference mode signal on first line 102, second circuit 104 and tertiary circuit 106 or the measure setup of impact dispersing (divergence).Generator 400 is with the internal driving of current source or voltage source EC and 50 ohm; in addition generator 400 comprises the 4th impedance 402 (for phase line P, neutral line N and protective ground line PE have) of 75 ohm, is respectively the 5th impedance 404, the 6th impedance 406 and the 7th impedance 407 of 50 ohm; wherein the 5th impedance 404 is positioned on phase line P; 6th impedance 406 is positioned on neutral line N, and the 7th impedance 407 is positioned on protective ground line PE.Therefore, generator 400 has 100 ohm of differential-mode impedance and 150 ohm of common code impedances (if being suspended by the terminal of protective ground line PE) of supposition.

By the confirmation of network analyser, if display terminal impedance 122 only has 50 ohm, then provide weak isolation between the signal only in first line 102 and tertiary circuit 106.But, if terminal impedance is higher, such as, be 1k Ω or infinity, then isolate stronger between the difference mode signal on different circuit 102,104 and 106, be therefore coupled more weak.

The schematic diagram of feed-in possibility and reception possibility in display multiple-input and multiple-output (MIMO) scheme shown in Figure 5.First power line communication modem 500 passes through power line communication network 504 to the second power line communication modem 502 signal transmission.For by signal feed-in power line communication network 504, there are three kinds of possibilities.

Can by between difference mode signal feed-in phase line P and neutral line N, can by between difference mode signal feed-in phase line P and protective ground line PE, can by between difference mode signal feed-in neutral line N and protective ground line PE.Due to Kirchhoff's law, only two independent paths may be had.In order to by signal feed-in power line communication network 504, advise the possibility (such as about noise characteristic) that use two is best.

At receiver side, Received signal strength has four kinds of possibilities.The difference mode signal between phase line P and neutral line N can be determined, determine the difference mode signal between phase line P and protective ground line PE, determine the difference mode signal between neutral line N and protective ground line PE.In addition, common mode choke 120 such as can be utilized to detect common-mode signal CM.

By the proposing apparatus for determining common-mode signal and power line communication network, between three kinds of common modes between circuit (balance or symmetrically), no longer include the isolation of omission.

Between phase line P and neutral line N, between phase line P and protective ground line PE and/or between neutral line N and protective ground line PE, symmetrically or evenly feed-in or receive multiple-input and multiple-output (MIMO) signal of communication.If independent signal provides maximum and disperses, so compared with signal input signal output scheme, MIMO technique display maximum gain.

By proposing apparatus, decrease the coupling between independent difference mode signal, therefore improve the performance of MIMO technology.

Although illustrate and describe specific embodiments here, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that multiple alternate embodiments and/or equivalent embodiments can replace shown in and described specific embodiments and do not depart from the scope of described embodiment.The application wishes all remodeling or the modification that contain specific embodiments discussed here.Therefore wish that the present invention is only by claim and equivalents thereof.

Claims (11)

1., for determining a device for common-mode signal in power line communication network, comprising:
First line, the second circuit and tertiary circuit, be connected respectively to the first terminal, the second terminal and the 3rd terminal, described the first terminal, the second terminal and the 3rd terminal are configured to be connected respectively to the phase line of described power line communication network, the neutral line and protective ground line; And
Common mode choke, around described first line, the second circuit and tertiary circuit,
Wherein, described common mode choke is connected to the 4th output, described 4th output is connected to terminal impedance, described terminal impedance is greater than the impedance of described power line communication network, wherein, described output is configured to provide the common-mode signal on present described first line, the second circuit and tertiary circuit.
2. the device for determining common-mode signal according to claim 1, wherein, described terminal impedance is the input impedance of the analog to digital converter being connected to described common mode choke.
3. according to the device for determining common-mode signal of claim 1 or 2, wherein, described terminal impedance is maximum.
4. the device for determining common-mode signal any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein, described device is configured to determine the signal from common-mode signal and the signal from difference mode signal.
5. the device for determining common-mode signal according to claim 4, wherein, described device is configured to receive described difference mode signal and described common-mode signal in multiple-input and multiple-output (MIMO) scheme.
6., according to the device for determining common-mode signal of claim 4 or 5, comprise further:
Transformer, for suppressing difference mode signal.
7. the device for determining common-mode signal according to claim 6, wherein, described transformer is arranged to triangle topology.
8. the device for determining common-mode signal according to claim 6, wherein, described transformer is arranged to Star topology.
9., according to the device for determining common-mode signal of claim 4 or 5, comprise further:
Amplifier, for suppressing difference mode signal.
10. the device for determining common-mode signal according to claim 9, wherein, described amplifier is arranged to triangle topology.
11. devices for determining common-mode signal according to claim 9, wherein, described amplifier is arranged to Star topology.
CN200980132518.8A 2008-08-20 2009-05-08 Device for determining common-mode signal in power line communication network CN102132500B (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP08014781.2 2008-08-20
EP08014781A EP2157704B1 (en) 2008-08-20 2008-08-20 Device for determining a common-mode signal in a power line communication network
PCT/EP2009/003302 WO2010020298A1 (en) 2008-08-20 2009-05-08 Device for determining a common-mode signal in a power line communication network

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CN102132500A CN102132500A (en) 2011-07-20
CN102132500B true CN102132500B (en) 2015-06-24

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EP (1) EP2157704B1 (en)
KR (1) KR101532466B1 (en)
CN (1) CN102132500B (en)
AT (1) AT543266T (en)
AU (1) AU2009284446B2 (en)
BR (1) BRPI0916897A2 (en)
ES (1) ES2378585T3 (en)
RU (1) RU2488961C2 (en)
WO (1) WO2010020298A1 (en)

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AU2009284446A1 (en) 2010-02-25
US9866275B2 (en) 2018-01-09
US9112590B2 (en) 2015-08-18
RU2488961C2 (en) 2013-07-27
EP2157704B1 (en) 2012-01-25
RU2011110433A (en) 2012-09-27
US20110206140A1 (en) 2011-08-25
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US20130142233A1 (en) 2013-06-06
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BRPI0916897A2 (en) 2016-02-10
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US20140167499A1 (en) 2014-06-19
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