CN102130942A - Greenhouse wireless remote plant eco-physiology monitoring system based on ZigBee and 3G network - Google Patents

Greenhouse wireless remote plant eco-physiology monitoring system based on ZigBee and 3G network Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102130942A
CN102130942A CN2010106239253A CN201010623925A CN102130942A CN 102130942 A CN102130942 A CN 102130942A CN 2010106239253 A CN2010106239253 A CN 2010106239253A CN 201010623925 A CN201010623925 A CN 201010623925A CN 102130942 A CN102130942 A CN 102130942A
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China
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zigbee
network
wireless
module
greenhouse
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CN2010106239253A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨玮
周增产
卜云龙
张晓慧
吴建红
董明明
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BEIJING JINGPENG GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Beijing Kingpeng International Hi Tech Corp
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BEIJING JINGPENG GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN2010106239253A priority Critical patent/CN102130942A/en
Publication of CN102130942A publication Critical patent/CN102130942A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a greenhouse wireless remote plant eco-physiology monitoring system based on ZigBee and a 3G network. The system comprises a remote control terminal, a communication link, a data acquisition terminal, a power supply module, a ZigBee sub-node module and a ZigBee central main node, wherein the remote control terminal is connected with a PC (Personnel Computer) of the 3G network, a history database for operating storage data inside the PC and a decision support system; the communication link comprises a ZigBee short-range wireless communication network and a 3G remote wireless network; the data acquisition terminal comprises a group of sensors for acquiring plant eco-physiology parameters; the power supply module is used for supplying a working power supply to an instrument; the ZigBee sub-node module comprises ZigBee sub-nodes for data acquisition of each sensor and is connected with the power supply module; the ZigBee central main node is used for collecting plant eco-physiology parameters acquired by each measuring sub-node and is connected with the power supply module; and each sensor for acquiring the plant eco-physiology parameters is connected with the ZigBee sub-node module. The system is used for realizing long-distance wireless monitoring of plant eco-physiology parameters such as soil temperature, moisture, leaf temperature, photosynthesis, stalk growth and the like at a measuring point.

Description

The long-range plant physiology ecological monitoring of a kind of greenhouse wireless system based on ZigBee, 3G network
Technical field
The invention belongs to the wireless senser field, the particularly a kind of greenhouse long distance wireless sensor network that can measure various plants physiological ecological parameter simultaneously.
Background technology
At present, the greenhouse ability of regulation and control is generally not strong, and intelligent level is low, and the ecological information of plant physiology is obtained with transmission means and fallen behind.Traditional agricultural decision making back-up system and management software are based on historical data base, expertise, knowledge model, shortage is based on the agricultural feelings monitoring function of real time information, the decision-making of system lacks real-time, and the information of hysteresis is difficult to adapt to the time variation characteristics of agricultural production.At present, along with popularizing of mobile terminal device, and 3G technology is constantly perfect, the accessing wirelessly bandwidth improves constantly, and 3G technology constantly is applied to the industry-by-industry field, and every profession and trade is utilized advanced wireless technology, constantly brought forth new ideas in the field of oneself, propose new wireless solution.3G technology is as a kind of advanced person's wireless communication technology, has advantages such as bandwidth obviously increases, data transmission bauds obviously promotes, transfer of data is more safe and reliable compared with in the past the 2G communication technology.For the collection of various remote real-time datas, the Long-distance Control of equipment are laid a good foundation.
The transmission of the distributed data of agricultural land information has following requirement: the site of data acquisition or monitoring is many, data change that quantity is little, equipment cost is low, data transmission credibility is high, safe, equipment volume is little, bigger rechargeable battery is placed in inconvenience or power module, with powered battery, with a varied topography, characteristics such as the network coverage that need be bigger.Therefore, select a kind of suitable transmission standard, realize and obtain the wireless transmitting system of best cost performance.ZigBee is this closely, low complex degree, low-power consumption, low data rate, the two-way wireless communication network technology is to satisfy the optimal selection of agricultural land information transfer of data cheaply.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide the long-range plant physiology ecological monitoring of a kind of greenhouse wireless system based on ZigBee, 3G network, it is in order to a little less than solving existing chamber crop technical information long-distance transmissions ability, the control effect is relatively poor, there are problems such as deficiency aspect extensibility, reliability and the real-time, realize the soil moisture, the moisture of remote-wireless monitoring measuring point, plant physiology Ecological Parameter such as leaf temperature, photosynthesis, the growth of stem stalk.
For achieving the above object, the present invention takes following design:
The long-range plant physiology ecological monitoring of a kind of greenhouse wireless system based on ZigBee, 3G network, it comprises:
Remote control terminal, this remote control terminal comprise historical data base, the DSS of the PC that connected 3G network and PC internal operation storage data;
Communication link comprises ZigBee close range wireless communication network and 3G remote wireless network;
Data collection station comprises the transducer of one group of herborization physiological ecological parameter;
Supply module is used to instrument that working power is provided;
ZigBee child node module includes the ZigBee child node that is used for each sensor data acquisition, is connected with described supply module;
Be used to compile the ZigBee central of the plant physiology Ecological Parameter of respectively measuring the child node collection, be connected with described supply module;
The transducer of one group of above-mentioned herborization physiological ecological parameter comprises a kind of in the following face sensor at least: the temperature sensor that is used for measurements determination point greenhouse room temperature; The soil moisture transducer that is used for the measurements determination point soil moisture; The soil moisture sensor that is used for measurements determination point soil moisture; The leaf temperature transducer that is used for measurements determination point leaf temperature; The photosynthesis transducer that is used for the illumination of measurements determination point greenhouse; The stem stalk growth rate transducer that is used for the growth of measurements determination point plant;
The transducer of each herborization physiological ecological parameter all is connected with described ZigBee child node module.
Described ZigBee child node adopts the JN5139 module, built-in a 32 risc processors of module, and be integrated with the wireless transceiver of the IEEE802.15.4 standard of 2.4GHz frequency range.
Described 3G wireless module adopts CDMA2000 EVDO DTU, and the ICP/IP protocol stack of the embedded standard of CDMA2000 EVDO DTU is supported the transparent data transmission.
Advantage of the present invention is:
1) combines by short-distance wireless communication and 3G business, realized Long-distance Control and transmission that data are gathered the Zigbee technology.Thereby two problems of message transmission have been solved: long-range between (1) greenhouse and the manager, high-speed communication; (2) distributed greenhouse local area network communication.
2) equipment cost is low, data transmission credibility is high, safe, equipment volume is little.
3) the ZigBee node adopts the JN5139 module among the present invention, and it is the low-power consumption of a compatible IEEE 802.15.4, radio micro controller cheaply.Module has the super low-power consumption design, and after enabling sleep mode, No. 7 batteries of two joints can use and reach about half a year.
4) 3G wireless module among the present invention adopts CDMA2000 EVDO DTU, and the ICP/IP protocol stack of the embedded standard of CDMA2000 EVDO DTU is supported the transparent data transmission.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the long-range plant physiology ecological monitoring of the greenhouse wireless system one embodiment wireless network architecture schematic diagram that the present invention is based on ZigBee, 3G network.
Fig. 2 sets up the procotol flow chart for AT instruction of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a invention process greenhouse temperature sensor modular circuit schematic diagram.
Fig. 4 is the supply module embodiment circuit theory diagrams of the embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 5 shows greenhouse Temperature Humidity Sensor circuit theory diagrams.
Below in conjunction with drawings and the specific embodiments the present invention is described in further details.
Embodiment
Consult shown in Figure 1ly, the present invention is based on the long-range plant physiology ecological monitoring of the greenhouse wireless system of ZigBee, 3G network, mainly comprise remote control terminal, communication link and data collection station; Wherein remote control terminal comprises historical data base, the DSS of the PC that connected 3G network and PC internal operation storage data; Communication link comprises ZigBee close range wireless communication network and 3G remote wireless network; Data collection station comprises the transducer of herborization physiological ecological parameter, comprises soil moisture transducer, soil moisture sensor, leaf temperature transducer, photosynthesis transducer, plant haulm growth rate transducer.
The ZigBee child node is with the soil moisture transducer, soil moisture sensor, the leaf temperature transducer that collect, the data of photosynthesis transducer and plant haulm growth sensors send to the ZigBee terminal node by the ZigBee network, the data of terminal node send to the given server end by the 3G communication module with these data at last.Can extract respectively, preserve above data at server end, and obtain on-the-spot Various types of data in real time, by to the analysis of Various types of data, handle judge make prediction, services such as warning, thereby reach the effect of increasing both production and income.
In the present embodiment, the 3G module has adopted CDMA2000 EVDO DTU.CDMA2000 is a kind of of domestic 3G mobile communication, and technology maturation, advantage such as roomy are arranged.The CDMA2000 of telecommunications adopts the HSDPA technology at present, and downstream rate is that 7.2Mbit/s also can be upgraded to 14.4Mbit/s from now on.Can satisfy the real-time requirement of video wireless transmission fully.When utilizing it to carry out Network Transmission, at first need, just can carry out the wireless transmission of data then by ppp protocol dial-up access the Internet.The ppp protocol dialing sends AT instruction manipulation 3G module by controller and realizes.The AT instruction is set up the procotol flow process as shown in Figure 2.
The host computer procedure that runs on remote control terminal is the main control part of whole data collection system, development platform: windows XP operating system; Developing instrument: Microsoft VI sualC++6.0; Database: Access 2003.Major function comprises Long-distance Control, data acquisition, storage, data demonstration etc.
In the present embodiment, referring to Fig. 3, the ZigBee child node is connected with transducer, with each sensor signal of gathering after treatment, utilizes message to send to host node.The ZigBee module adopts the high-performance of Britain Jennic company release, a series of wireless Soc module J N5139 of low-power consumption.JN5139 is low-power consumption, the low-cost wireless microcontroller of a IEEE802.15.4 of being compatible with.The complete protocol stack that integrated point-to-point communication is communicated by letter with mesh network in the built-in ROM memory of JN5139; And its built-in RAM memory, can the network enabled route and controller function and do not need any memory space of outside expansion.The AES cryptographic algorithm accelerator of built-in hardware mac address and high safety has reduced the power consumption of system and the load of processor.It also supports crystal oscillator dormancy and energy saving of system function, and 4 tunnel 12 ADC is provided simultaneously.4 tunnel 12 of the ZigBee child node ADC can be connected collection 4 road sensing datas respectively and utilize message to send to host node in the present embodiment with 4 transducers.
In the present embodiment, in view of the wireless sensor network node characteristic distributions, most application scenarios condition of power supply is limited, and node module adopts powered battery.Through experimental verification, button cell power supply capacity deficiency.Adopt No. 7 powered battery of two joints referring to Fig. 4 the design, power supply chip adopts SP6201, and it is the CMOSLDO device, is applicable to require high accuracy, operate and make things convenient for the application of use fast.Chip input voltage 2.5-6V, output voltage 3.3V.For guaranteeing chip operation stability when the voltage transitions, from VIN to GND, need connect a 1uF or bigger little electric capacity, between VOUT and GND, need to connect an output capacitor to prevent to produce vibration.The electric capacity that is low to moderate 0.22uF can satisfy the stability requirement that great majority are used.The electric capacity of 1uF just can be guaranteed device steady operation under from the zero load to the full load conditions in whole input voltage, output voltage and temperature range.
Fig. 5 shows greenhouse Temperature Humidity Sensor circuit theory diagrams, and the greenhouse temperature sensor operation principle that present embodiment adopts is as follows: SHTIO (U5) is a digital temperature-humidity sensor that Sensirion company releases.The SHT10 transducer comprises a condenser type condensate hygrometric element and an energy gap formula temperature element, and realizes seamless link with one 14 bit A/D converter and serial interface circuit on same chip.Small and exquisite size and extremely low work energy consumption make it to be very suitable for the application of wireless sensor network node, operating voltage is 2.4~5.5V, measure electric current 550uA, quiescent current 0.3uA, humidity measurement precision is scholar 4.5%RH, temperature measurement accuracy is ± 0.5 ℃ in the time of 25 ℃, and measuring range is respectively 0-100%RH and-40~123.8 ℃.
Present embodiment has adopted indoor temperature transmitter, soil moisture transducer, soil moisture sensor, the leaf temperature transducer, six kinds of plant physiological ecological transducers such as photosynthesis transducer and stem stalk growth rate transducer, the ecological information of every plant physiology of sensor acquisition can make things convenient for analyst, data acquisition personnel, understands the plant physiology ecological ragime from computer screen or LCDs intuitively to host computer by wireless network transmissions; This system operation is simple, and is simple in structure, feature richness, and profile is small and exquisite, and is convenient and practical.
It should be noted that at last: above embodiment only in order to technical scheme of the present invention to be described, is not intended to limit; Although with reference to previous embodiment the present invention is had been described in detail, those of ordinary skill in the art is to be understood that: it still can be made amendment to the technical scheme that aforementioned each embodiment put down in writing, and perhaps part technical characterictic wherein is equal to replacement; And these modifications or replacement do not make the essence of appropriate technical solution break away from the spirit and scope of various embodiments of the present invention technical scheme.

Claims (4)

1. the long-range plant physiology ecological monitoring of the greenhouse wireless based on ZigBee, 3G network system is characterized in that comprising:
Remote control terminal, this remote control terminal comprise historical data base, the DSS of the PC that connected 3G network and PC internal operation storage data;
Communication link comprises ZigBee close range wireless communication network and 3G remote wireless network;
Data collection station comprises the transducer of one group of herborization physiological ecological parameter;
Supply module is used to instrument that working power is provided;
ZigBee child node module includes the ZigBee child node that is used for each sensor data acquisition, is connected with described supply module;
Be used to compile the ZigBee central of the plant physiology Ecological Parameter of respectively measuring the child node collection, be connected with described supply module;
The transducer of one group of above-mentioned herborization physiological ecological parameter comprises a kind of in the following face sensor at least: the temperature sensor that is used for measurements determination point greenhouse room temperature; The soil moisture transducer that is used for the measurements determination point soil moisture; The soil moisture sensor that is used for measurements determination point soil moisture; The leaf temperature transducer that is used for measurements determination point leaf temperature; The photosynthesis transducer that is used for the illumination of measurements determination point greenhouse; The stem stalk growth rate transducer that is used for the growth of measurements determination point plant;
The transducer of each herborization physiological ecological parameter all is connected with described ZigBee child node module.
2. the long-range plant physiology ecological monitoring of the greenhouse wireless based on ZigBee, 3G network according to claim 1 system, it is characterized in that: described ZigBee child node adopts the JN5139 module, built-in a 32 risc processors of module, and be integrated with the wireless transceiver of the IEEE802.15.4 standard of 2.4GHz frequency range.
3. the long-range plant physiology ecological monitoring of the greenhouse wireless based on ZigBee, 3G network according to claim 1 system, it is characterized in that: described 3G wireless module adopts CDMA2000EVDO DTU, the ICP/IP protocol stack of the embedded standard of CDMA2000EVDO DTU is supported the transparent data transmission.
4. the long-range plant physiology ecological monitoring of the greenhouse wireless based on ZigBee, 3G network according to claim 1 system, it is characterized in that: described greenhouse temperature sensor is a digital temperature-humidity sensor, comprise a condenser type condensate hygrometric element and an energy gap formula temperature element, and be located on the same chip with one 14 bit A/D converter and serial interface circuit and realize seamless link.
CN2010106239253A 2010-12-31 2010-12-31 Greenhouse wireless remote plant eco-physiology monitoring system based on ZigBee and 3G network Pending CN102130942A (en)

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CN103327581A (en) * 2012-03-23 2013-09-25 黄智� Communication method and device for greenhouse wireless monitoring
CN103687078A (en) * 2012-09-19 2014-03-26 青岛高校信息产业有限公司 Ad hoc wireless remote terminal control system
CN104363668A (en) * 2014-10-14 2015-02-18 苏州克兰兹电子科技有限公司 Novel wireless sensor network node
CN104881012A (en) * 2015-05-29 2015-09-02 青岛炎煌信息科技有限公司 CPS-based intelligent crop culture plantation management system
CN105093992A (en) * 2015-09-01 2015-11-25 徐州工业职业技术学院 Intelligent and efficient facility agriculture growth monitoring system
CN105424877A (en) * 2015-11-04 2016-03-23 惠州Tcl移动通信有限公司 Method and system for monitoring moisture content of potting soil
CN106790328A (en) * 2015-11-23 2017-05-31 北京睿骊通电子技术有限公司 Airborne distributed parallel computing environment
CN107015589A (en) * 2017-04-25 2017-08-04 淮阴师范学院 A kind of large greenhouse wireless monitoring device
CN107222571A (en) * 2017-07-10 2017-09-29 河北工业大学 A kind of multi signal multiple terminals remote supervision system
CN108092827A (en) * 2018-01-23 2018-05-29 感知集团有限公司 Ecological monitoring network and the means of communication based on LSN communication modules

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103327581A (en) * 2012-03-23 2013-09-25 黄智� Communication method and device for greenhouse wireless monitoring
CN103327581B (en) * 2012-03-23 2016-08-31 黄智� The means of communication and device for greenhouse wireless monitoring
CN103687078A (en) * 2012-09-19 2014-03-26 青岛高校信息产业有限公司 Ad hoc wireless remote terminal control system
CN104363668A (en) * 2014-10-14 2015-02-18 苏州克兰兹电子科技有限公司 Novel wireless sensor network node
CN104881012A (en) * 2015-05-29 2015-09-02 青岛炎煌信息科技有限公司 CPS-based intelligent crop culture plantation management system
CN105093992A (en) * 2015-09-01 2015-11-25 徐州工业职业技术学院 Intelligent and efficient facility agriculture growth monitoring system
CN105424877A (en) * 2015-11-04 2016-03-23 惠州Tcl移动通信有限公司 Method and system for monitoring moisture content of potting soil
CN106790328A (en) * 2015-11-23 2017-05-31 北京睿骊通电子技术有限公司 Airborne distributed parallel computing environment
CN107015589A (en) * 2017-04-25 2017-08-04 淮阴师范学院 A kind of large greenhouse wireless monitoring device
CN107222571A (en) * 2017-07-10 2017-09-29 河北工业大学 A kind of multi signal multiple terminals remote supervision system
CN108092827A (en) * 2018-01-23 2018-05-29 感知集团有限公司 Ecological monitoring network and the means of communication based on LSN communication modules

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