CN102127946A - Energy-saving and environmentally friendly novel building block with low volume weight - Google Patents

Energy-saving and environmentally friendly novel building block with low volume weight Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102127946A
CN102127946A CN201010005246XA CN201010005246A CN102127946A CN 102127946 A CN102127946 A CN 102127946A CN 201010005246X A CN201010005246X A CN 201010005246XA CN 201010005246 A CN201010005246 A CN 201010005246A CN 102127946 A CN102127946 A CN 102127946A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
building block
energy
building
conserving
protective
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201010005246XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张秀琳
Original Assignee
张秀琳
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 张秀琳 filed Critical 张秀琳
Priority to CN201010005246XA priority Critical patent/CN102127946A/en
Publication of CN102127946A publication Critical patent/CN102127946A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/18Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing mixtures of the silica-lime type
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B22/00Use of inorganic materials as active ingredients for mortars, concrete or artificial stone, e.g. accelerators, shrinkage compensating agents
    • C04B22/08Acids or salts thereof
    • C04B22/14Acids or salts thereof containing sulfur in the anion, e.g. sulfides
    • C04B22/142Sulfates
    • C04B22/143Calcium-sulfate
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/91Use of waste materials as fillers for mortars or concrete

Abstract

The invention relates to an energy-saving and environmentally friendly novel building block with low volume weight. Fine sand, coal ash, side products of crop (such as chaff, sorhum shell, smashed rice straw and wheat straw) are taken as major ingredients; natural fiber is taken as aggregate; cement, lime and water glass are taken as binders; and a shrinking agent and a mould-preventing and inset-preventing agent are added and are mixed to be uniform, and laminating moulding and steam-curing are carried out, thus the building block is formed. The side products of crop are available, thus the cost is low; the volume weight of the building block is reduced, a certain strength is achieved, and good thermal insulation and sound insulation effects are achieved, thus the building block is an excellent natural building material; especially the building block is renewable and has incomparable advantage compared with mineral building materials. The problem of land scramble between building block production and agricultural production is solved; the production facility is simple, the investment for building a factory and the production cost are reduced. A way is created for the side products of the crop; contributions is made to carbon emission reduction and environmental enhancement, thus a sustainable development production mode is provided; and no organic chemical matter is required to be added in the whole production process, thus the building block provided by the invention is an energy-saving and environmentally friendly material with low cost and low volume weight.

Description

The novel building building block of low unit weight, energy-conserving and environment-protective
Affiliated technical field
The present invention relates to constructional materials, the novel building building block of especially a kind of low unit weight, energy-conserving and environment-protective.
Background technology
As everyone knows, traditional building all is as filler mostly with common brick, and common brick is to be fired by clay to form, its unit weight height, not only increased building from heavy duty, and need to consume a large amount of land resources, this is less relatively for arable area per capita, especially can be for the very deficient China of land resources of development and use, be a kind ofly to be difficult to bear heavy, so state lives the portion of building and limits its development.And widely popularize a kind of air entrained cement building block, it is after adding aluminium cream to stir through the fine sand slurry of ball milling and cement, quicklime and foaming, form through steam-cured slaking, this a kind of really energy-conserving and environment-protective, consumption of natural resource are few, not only low but also the populated material of building with enough compressive strength of unit weight.Though the promotion of the various preferential policies of government is arranged, its speed that replaces common brick is still very slow, is difficult to generally be accepted by market.Tracing it to its cause, is because its foaming need be levigate to 200 orders with sand, the energy consumption height, and the investment of founding the factory is big; The foam process complexity, the quality instability; Though improve to some extent through people's effort for many years, whole difficulty makes its cost near common brick.
Summary of the invention
At the deficiency of above-mentioned building in-filled block, the invention provides the novel building building block of a kind of low unit weight, energy-conserving and environment-protective.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is: with fine sand, flyash, the accessory substance of crops (as husk, jowar shell, the straw of pulverizing, wheat straw, sorghum rod, corn stalk, grain straw, bagasse, peanut shell, beans shell, beanstalk, waste of flax) is made major ingredient; With natural fiber (as mineral fibers, string) is aggregate; With cement, lime, water glass is made cementing agent; With the plaster of paris make dehydrating agent and add mildew and insect proof agent (as, copper sulphate, sodium dichromate, chromium trioxide, arsenic acid hydrogen sodium, diarsenic pentoxide, four hydrations, eight Boratexes, diboron trioxide, sodium fluoride, prodan, zinc chloride, zinc sulfate) evenly mix sticking molded after steam-cured slaking forms.
The accessory substance of crops has a large capacity and a wide range, and cost is low, not only can reduce the unit weight of building block, and certain intensity is arranged, and good insulation, soundproof effect are arranged, and is a kind of natural constructional materials; Particularly valuable is its recyclability, compares with the mineral construction material to have unrivaled superiority.The adding of natural fiber can improve its tensile strength, also can reduce the percentage of damage of its transportation.The adding of the plaster of paris is the usefulness for the technology shrink.The building block that some special occasions are used also can suitably add mildew and insect proof agent.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows that solved the problem that ground is striven in building (filling) building block production and agricultural production, its production equipment is simple, having reduced founds the factory drops into and cost of production.For the accessory substances of crops has found an outlet; , be a kind of mode of production of sustainable development also for reducing carbon emission, improving environment and contribute; Whole process of production need not to add organic chemicals, is the constructional materials of a kind of low cost, low unit weight, energy-conserving and environment-protective.
The specific embodiment
The accessory substance of crops after will pulverizing in proportion as required, natural fiber, flyash, cement, lime, water glass, dehydrating agent and mildew and insect proof agent mix, adding an amount of water stirs, extrude (or mat formation roll) with spreading machine with extruser and become base, after cutting apart moulding with cutting machine by specification, carry out steam-cured slaking.

Claims (6)

1. the novel building building block of a low unit weight, energy-conserving and environment-protective, with fine sand, the accessory substance of flyash, crops is made major ingredient; With the natural fiber is aggregate; With cement, lime, water glass is made cementing agent; Adding dehydrating agent, mildew and insect proof agent mix sticking molded after steam-cured slaking forms.
2. the novel building building block of low unit weight according to claim 1, energy-conserving and environment-protective, it is characterized in that: the accessory substance of described crops is a husk, the jowar shell, the straw of pulverizing, wheat straw, sorghum rod, corn stalk, grain straw, bagasse, peanut shell, beans shell, beanstalk, waste of flax.
3. the novel building building block of low unit weight according to claim 1, energy-conserving and environment-protective is characterized in that: described natural fiber is mineral fibers or string.
4. the novel building building block of low unit weight according to claim 1, energy-conserving and environment-protective is characterized in that: described fine sand is natural sand and artificial sand, the stone of pulverizing.
5. the novel building building block of low unit weight according to claim 1, energy-conserving and environment-protective is characterized in that: described dehydrating agent is the plaster of paris.
6. the novel building building block of low unit weight according to claim 1, energy-conserving and environment-protective is characterized in that: described mildew and insect proof agent is one or more the combination in copper sulphate, sodium dichromate, chromium trioxide, arsenic acid hydrogen sodium, diarsenic pentoxide, four hydrations, eight Boratexes, diboron trioxide, sodium fluoride, prodan, zinc chloride, the zinc sulfate.
CN201010005246XA 2010-01-14 2010-01-14 Energy-saving and environmentally friendly novel building block with low volume weight Pending CN102127946A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201010005246XA CN102127946A (en) 2010-01-14 2010-01-14 Energy-saving and environmentally friendly novel building block with low volume weight

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201010005246XA CN102127946A (en) 2010-01-14 2010-01-14 Energy-saving and environmentally friendly novel building block with low volume weight

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102127946A true CN102127946A (en) 2011-07-20

Family

ID=44266200

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201010005246XA Pending CN102127946A (en) 2010-01-14 2010-01-14 Energy-saving and environmentally friendly novel building block with low volume weight

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN102127946A (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102515690A (en) * 2011-12-07 2012-06-27 江苏祝盛新材料科技有限公司 Building block and producing method thereof
CN102531479A (en) * 2011-12-23 2012-07-04 沈阳农业大学 Agricultural-waste automatic-humidifying function material for greenhouses and production method thereof
CN103255871A (en) * 2012-02-15 2013-08-21 天津三春科技有限公司 Manufacturing technology of plant stem, hull, particle concrete masonry block and wallboard
CN110357561A (en) * 2019-06-13 2019-10-22 滁州市银达门窗有限公司 A kind of shock-absorption sound-insulation mortar and its production technology
CN111747773A (en) * 2020-06-30 2020-10-09 惠州市英建实业有限公司 Aerated brick produced by using almond shells and preparation method thereof

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102515690A (en) * 2011-12-07 2012-06-27 江苏祝盛新材料科技有限公司 Building block and producing method thereof
CN102531479A (en) * 2011-12-23 2012-07-04 沈阳农业大学 Agricultural-waste automatic-humidifying function material for greenhouses and production method thereof
CN102531479B (en) * 2011-12-23 2013-08-07 沈阳农业大学 Production method of agricultural-waste automatic-humidifying function material for greenhouses
CN103255871A (en) * 2012-02-15 2013-08-21 天津三春科技有限公司 Manufacturing technology of plant stem, hull, particle concrete masonry block and wallboard
CN110357561A (en) * 2019-06-13 2019-10-22 滁州市银达门窗有限公司 A kind of shock-absorption sound-insulation mortar and its production technology
CN111747773A (en) * 2020-06-30 2020-10-09 惠州市英建实业有限公司 Aerated brick produced by using almond shells and preparation method thereof

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Application publication date: 20110720