CN102127906A - System for recovering water body floating oil - Google Patents

System for recovering water body floating oil Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102127906A
CN102127906A CN2011100204630A CN201110020463A CN102127906A CN 102127906 A CN102127906 A CN 102127906A CN 2011100204630 A CN2011100204630 A CN 2011100204630A CN 201110020463 A CN201110020463 A CN 201110020463A CN 102127906 A CN102127906 A CN 102127906A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
oil
water
recovery
floating
cabin
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Granted
Application number
CN2011100204630A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102127906B (en
Inventor
张统
刘志宏
张彦富
张彦荣
刘志波
董春宏
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NANJING QINGBO CYANOBACTERIAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION TECHNOLOGY CO LTD
Engineering Design and Research Institute of General Armament Department
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NANJING QINGBO CYANOBACTERIAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION TECHNOLOGY CO LTD
Engineering Design and Research Institute of General Armament Department
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Application filed by NANJING QINGBO CYANOBACTERIAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION TECHNOLOGY CO LTD, Engineering Design and Research Institute of General Armament Department filed Critical NANJING QINGBO CYANOBACTERIAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION TECHNOLOGY CO LTD
Priority to CN2011100204630A priority Critical patent/CN102127906B/en
Publication of CN102127906A publication Critical patent/CN102127906A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102127906B publication Critical patent/CN102127906B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/20Controlling water pollution; Waste water treatment
    • Y02A20/204Keeping clear the surface of open water from oil spills

Abstract

The invention provides a system for recovering water body floating oil, and is capable of being used for recovery of floating oil in sear area or river or lake water areas, and capable of solving the problem of the pollution because of rapid collection on oil spill. The system provided by the invention comprises a machine case and a floating box, the front end face of a machine body is provided with an oil receiving hole, the machine case below the oil receiving hole is connected with a first oil spading plate; the machine body is internally provided with an oil-water separation cabin, and a wash board is arranged between the oil receiving hole and the oil-water separation cabin; the oil-water separation cabin is internally provided with an oil chamber into which the floating oil in the oil-water separation cabin flows, the oil chamber divides the oil-water separation cabin into a front cabin and a rear cabin, and the oil chamber is internally provided with an oil pipeline leading to outside; and the rear cabin is internally provided with a water pumping pipe leading to the outside. In the floating oil collection process by adopting the system, two-stage oil-water separation is carried out, the volume of the device required for oil-water separation is greatly reduced, the floating oil collection capacity of the device is increased, the recovery efficiency is improved, thus the device is applicable to multiple oil products; and meanwhile, the wash board causes the system to operate stably, and the anti-wave capability is strong.

Description

The water body recovery system for floating oil
Technical field
The present invention relates to the transportation of water surface oil product and leak the emergency disposal technical field, be specially a kind of device that separates or remove grease or oily mater, particularly a kind of water body recovery system for floating oil that solves oil spill can be used for the recovery of marine site or river, river, lake waters oil slick.
Background technology
Along with various countries growing to oil demand, oil transportation development waterborne is rapid, but the ship spill accident also increases simultaneously, and the annual whole world is because of about 400,000 tons of oil carrier accident oil spilling.1973-2006 years, coastal 2635 of the big or small ship spill accidents that take place altogether of China, wherein the great ship spill accident more than the oil spilling 50t is totally 69, and total oil spillage reaches 3.7 ten thousand tons.The oil spilling that leaks in the water body has not only caused enormous economic loss, more sea, river ecological environment has been caused great pollution.In addition, the organic vapor of oil volatilization is diffused into same contaminated environment in the atmosphere, causes photochemical fog, and the organic matter in the damage to the environment causes plant necrosis etc.Therefore, oil spilling reclaims and not only can collect the energy of waste, and for preserving the ecological environment and the mankind itself is significant.
The processing method of oil spilling waterborne is divided into chemical method, bioanalysis and physics method.Chemical method is oil spilling is disperseed or to solidify with chemicals, promptly reach the purpose that reduces pollution by changing the form that exists of oil spilling in water environment, the chemicals of handling oil spilling comprises oil-spill dispersant, poly-finish, fuel thickener and oil absorbent etc., is applicable to the situation that the oil spilling oil film is very thin.Bioanalysis is by biological decomposition oil spilling to be removed, and the oil spilling checkout time is longer.The physics method is oil spilling to be separated from the water surface not changing under the situation that there is form in oil spilling, is the Perfected process of handling spilled oil on water surface, can avoid the further pollution to environment, can adopt mechanical device or sorbing material to reclaim oil spilling.And usually sorbing material only is applicable to the oil reservoir that absorption is very thin, uses in the post-processed of oil spill accident or less oil spill accident.In the mechanical device, receive the recovery of oil spilling, the oil spilling that is subjected to refuse pollution and high viscosity oil spilling that oily host will be used for emulsification on the water surface.Oil skimmer is to be most widely used during oil spilling reclaims, and based on its different operating principle, is applied as mainly that oil spilling reclaims machine, the formula oil recovery system taken by ship and oil spilling reclaims ship.The dynamic receipts oil effect of oil spilling recovery machine is relatively poor, must place it in the middle of the oil slick during work or the quite thick position of oil slick, requires oil slick to flow towards the direction of the machine of recovery simultaneously.Oil spilling reclaims ship and is used in the large tracts of land marine oil spill incident more, and its cost is very high.It is simple in structure, easy to operate that ship is taken formula oil spilling recovery system, can be the good selection of inland river and harbour oil spilling recycling by oil carrier, dredge boat or towing of floating ship or pushing tow operation during work.And in fact, ship is subjected to the influence of the several factors such as oil spill type, oil film thickness, water condition (stormy waves, trend, temperature) and garbage on water of working environment, recovery when taking the work of formula oil spilling recovery system, and organic efficiency is generally lower, can only reach 60%.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of water body recovery system for floating oil, reduce the volume of the required device of water-oil separating in its floating oil collecting process by two-stage water-oil separating greatly, increase device floating oil collecting amount, system operates steadily, and capacity of anti-storm is strong.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution used in the present invention is: the water body recovery system for floating oil, comprise body fuselage, and buoyancy tank, the front end end face of body is provided with receiving port, and the body fuselage of receiving port below connects the first shovel oiled-plate method; Be provided with the water-oil separating cabin in the body, be provided with washboard between receiving port and the water-oil separating cabin, washboard connects the body upper case, and leaves spacing between the underpart shell; Be provided with the accumulator of the oil slick inflow that can make in the water-oil separating cabin in the water-oil separating cabin, accumulator is divided into front deck and rear deck with the water-oil separating cabin, leave between accumulator bottom and underpart shell and make the passage that communicates between front deck and the rear deck, be provided with in the accumulator and lead to outside oil pipeline; The bottom of water-oil separating cabin rear deck is provided with leads to outside drinking-water pipe.
Water body recovery system for floating oil of the present invention also is provided with oil rig on the body, oil rig connects the oil pipeline in the accumulator, and the oil that moisture in the accumulator is few is recovered in the Fuel Tanking Unit that body itself is provided for oneself or other monitoring task ships specially are equipped with.
Water body recovery system for floating oil of the present invention, also be provided with water plug on the body, water plug connects drinking-water pipe, and the water of extraction keeps certain speed to flow into the water body from the afterbody of recovery system body, can impel the body of recovery system to move forward, collect the oil slick in the place ahead.Among the present invention, on the body power unit can also be set, start when needed, body can quicken to receive speed oil along the direction operation vertical with receiving port place end face.
As of the present invention preferred embodiment a kind of, the body of water body recovery system is a rectangle, and receiving port extends on an end face of body length direction, can increase the oil slick yield in the unit stroke, and processed polluted-water area is bigger.When the oil slick recovery operation is finished, can this recovery system be towed back to along its length by the ship of other monitoring task.
Water body recovery system for floating oil of the present invention, between the body fuselage below described first shovel oiled-plate method and the receiving port for being rotationally connected, can be according to the draft of the thickness adjusted first shovel oiled-plate method of oil slick, the oil slick on the water body is carried out the first order separate and make it flow into the water-oil separating cabin.
As an improvement of the present invention, the bottom outer wall of accumulator oiler is provided with the second shovel oiled-plate method, the second shovel oiled-plate method can be in to the water-oil separating cabin the less water oil mixture of water content carry out reducing when secondary separates the water content of isolated oil slick.The bottom outer wall of second shovel oiled-plate method and accumulator oiler is preferably and is rotationally connected, the draft that can shovel oiled-plate method according to the thickness adjusted second of oil slick in the water-oil separating cabin.
As an improvement of the present invention, the body fuselage of the receiving port of water body recovery system for floating oil top is inclined upwardly, and stormy waves is pounced on the upper machine body upper deck in the time of can preventing that the excessive or body pace of stormy waves is too fast, can guarantee that body carries out work stably.
In order to make the better effects if of anti-stormy waves, as improvement of the present invention, washboard is provided with block, and block is a tri-prismoid, and a side of block tightly invests on the washboard, can better cushion the impulse force of stormy waves; Simultaneously form a passage between the body fuselage of block and receiving port below, make oil slick after the first separation more stably along passage inflow water-oil separating cabin.
Also be provided with dividing plate between washboard and the water-oil separating cabin, dividing plate is installed on the underpart shell, and leaves spacing between the body upper shell; Structure separates the water-oil separating cabin is relative with the outside herein, oil slick on the water body enters along lower case through receiving port, when height of water level surpasses the dividing plate height between washboard and dividing plate, enter the water-oil separating cabin, can guarantee that the water oil mixture is in relative plateau in the water-oil separating cabin, so that carry out secondary water-oil separating.Be provided with the water level limitation plate in the rear deck in water-oil separating cabin, the height of water level limitation plate is lower than the height of dividing plate, the drawdown of drawing water and will cause in the body, and the setting of water level limitation plate can reach the purpose of control body draft by the water level in the restriction body.
Water body recovery system for floating oil of the present invention, the water plug that adopts is an air-lift device, can be installed on the body of recovery system, air-lift device provides higher extraction efficiency than general water pump.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is, the water body recovery system for floating oil is when operation, oil water mixture after separating by the first shovel oiled-plate method one-level enters the receiving port that has anti-stormy waves device and enters the locker room and carry out secondary water-oil separating, and then separated floating oil is reclaimed, and the water playback is gone in the water body.Two-stage water-oil separating reduces the volume of the required device of water-oil separating greatly, has increased device floating oil collecting amount, has improved organic efficiency, is applicable to various oil products, and the device of anti-stormy waves operates steadily system, and capacity of anti-storm is strong.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is described for the structural scheme of mechanism of water body recovery system for floating oil of the present invention;
Figure 2 shows that the schematic diagram of A-A direction among Fig. 1.
The specific embodiment
For content of the present invention is become apparent more, existing the present invention will be further described with the specific embodiment in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Extremely shown in Figure 2 in conjunction with Fig. 1, as a kind of specific embodiment of the present invention, water body recovery system for floating oil of the present invention, comprise body fuselage 1, buoyancy tank, the front end end face of body is provided with receiving port 3, and body is a rectangle, receiving port 3 extends on an end face of body length direction, and the body fuselage of receiving port 3 tops is inclined upwardly; The body fuselage of receiving port 3 belows connects between the body fuselage of the first shovel oiled-plate method, 4, the first shovel oiled-plate methods 4 and receiving port 3 belows for being rotationally connected; Be provided with water-oil separating cabin 2 in the body, be provided with washboard 6 between receiving port 3 and the water-oil separating cabin 2, washboard 6 connects the body upper case, and leave spacing between the underpart shell, washboard 6 is provided with block 61, and block 61 is a tri-prismoid, and a side of block 61 tightly invests on the washboard 6; Also be provided with dividing plate 7 between washboard 6 and the water-oil separating cabin 2, dividing plate 7 is installed on the underpart shell, and leaves spacing between the body upper shell; Be provided with the accumulator 5 of the oil slick inflow that can make in the water-oil separating cabin 2 in the water-oil separating cabin 2, accumulator 5 is divided into front deck 21 and rear deck 22 with the water-oil separating cabin, leave between accumulator 5 bottoms and underpart shell and make the passage that communicates between front deck 21 and the rear deck 22, be provided with in the accumulator 5 and lead to outside oil pipeline 52; The bottom of water-oil separating cabin rear deck 22 is provided with leads to outside drinking-water pipe 8.The bottom outer wall of accumulator 5 oilers is provided with the second shovel oiled-plate method 51, is provided with in the accumulator 5 and leads to outside oil pipeline 52; 2 bottoms, water-oil separating cabin are provided with leads to outside drinking-water pipe 8.
Also be provided with oil rig, water plug on the body, oil rig connects the oil pipeline 52 in the accumulator; Water plug preferred gas device connects drinking-water pipe 8, and the water of extraction is directly put back in the water body, this water that keeps certain flow rate when the body afterbody pours water body, the power that can provide the system body of making to advance.Also have the power unit in addition on the body, advance to the waters that needs be rich in recovery so that stormy waves is big or start the flog system body when needing.
The water body recovery system for floating oil is when operation, and the first shovel oiled-plate method is with 7000m 3The oil water mixture that/h speed is carried out after one-level water oil separates enters the receiving port that has anti-stormy waves device, and oily extraction rate reaches 200m 3/ h; Oil water mixture carries out secondary water-oil separating in the water-oil separating cabin, and then separated floating oil is reclaimed, and the water playback is gone in the water body.Two-stage water-oil separating reduces the volume of the required device of water-oil separating greatly, has increased device floating oil collecting amount, but oil slick 150000 m of clean water face thickness 1mm per hour in the real work 2Organic efficiency can reach 85%, is applicable to multiple oil product, and the device of anti-stormy waves operates steadily system, and capacity of anti-storm is strong.When the oil slick recovery operation is finished, can this recovery system be towed back to along its length by the ship of other monitoring task.
Concrete case study on implementation only is a preferable case study on implementation of the present invention described in the present invention, is not to be used for limiting practical range of the present invention.Be that all equivalences of doing according to the content of the present patent application claim change and modification, all should be as technology category of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a water body recovery system for floating oil comprises body fuselage, and buoyancy tank is characterized in that, the front end end face of described body is provided with receiving port, and the body fuselage of receiving port below connects the first shovel oiled-plate method; Be provided with the water-oil separating cabin in the body, be provided with washboard between receiving port and the water-oil separating cabin, washboard connects the body upper case, and leaves spacing between the underpart shell; Be provided with the accumulator of the oil slick inflow that can make in the water-oil separating cabin in the water-oil separating cabin, accumulator is divided into front deck and rear deck with the water-oil separating cabin, leave between accumulator bottom and underpart shell and make the passage that communicates between front deck and the rear deck, be provided with in the accumulator and lead to outside oil pipeline; The bottom of water-oil separating cabin rear deck is provided with leads to outside drinking-water pipe.
2. water body recovery system for floating oil according to claim 1 is characterized in that, also is provided with oil rig on the body, and oil rig connects the oil pipeline in the accumulator.
3. water body recovery system for floating oil according to claim 1 is characterized in that, also is provided with water plug on the body, and water plug connects the drinking-water pipe of water-oil separating cabin rear deck.
4. according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 described water body recovery system for floating oil, it is characterized in that described body is a rectangle, receiving port extends on an end face of body length direction.
5. according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 described water body recovery system for floating oil, it is characterized in that, between the body fuselage below described first shovel oiled-plate method and the receiving port for being rotationally connected.
6. according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 described water body recovery system for floating oil, it is characterized in that the bottom outer wall of accumulator oiler is provided with the second shovel oiled-plate method.
7. according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 described water body recovery system for floating oil, it is characterized in that the body fuselage of receiving port top is inclined upwardly.
8. according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 described water body recovery system for floating oil, it is characterized in that washboard is provided with block, block is a tri-prismoid, and a side of block tightly invests on the washboard.
9. according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 described water body recovery system for floating oil, it is characterized in that also be provided with dividing plate between washboard and the water-oil separating cabin, dividing plate is installed on the underpart shell, and leaves spacing between the body upper shell; Be provided with the water level limitation plate in the rear deck in water-oil separating cabin, the height of water level limitation plate is lower than the height of dividing plate.
10. water body recovery system for floating oil according to claim 2 is characterized in that, described water plug is an air-lift device.
CN2011100204630A 2011-01-18 2011-01-18 System for recovering water body floating oil Expired - Fee Related CN102127906B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011100204630A CN102127906B (en) 2011-01-18 2011-01-18 System for recovering water body floating oil

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011100204630A CN102127906B (en) 2011-01-18 2011-01-18 System for recovering water body floating oil

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CN102127906B CN102127906B (en) 2012-08-22

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103818522A (en) * 2012-11-16 2014-05-28 中国科学院沈阳自动化研究所 Spilled oil recovery robot
CN105270574A (en) * 2014-07-03 2016-01-27 钮振伟 Oil spill cleaning device for transformer
CN105314073A (en) * 2014-07-03 2016-02-10 钮振伟 Greasy dirt clearing ship
CN105484214A (en) * 2016-01-22 2016-04-13 曹庆俊 Oil slick collecting ship
CN105731578A (en) * 2016-04-19 2016-07-06 中国石油化工股份有限公司 Shipborne spilled-oil recycling system based on gas floating spilled oil separation
CN108487206A (en) * 2018-03-30 2018-09-04 浙江海洋大学 A kind of receipts oil body structure of spilled-oil recovery unit
CN111501699A (en) * 2018-06-16 2020-08-07 范宝莲 Offshore oil stain treatment device and method

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CN202047404U (en) * 2011-01-18 2011-11-23 南京清波蓝藻环保科技有限公司 Water-body floating oil recovery system

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CN101468715A (en) * 2008-04-14 2009-07-01 陈道南 Apparatus for collecting and separating water surface oil stain
CN101941509A (en) * 2010-09-25 2011-01-12 江苏省天一中学 Dirty oil collecting ship
CN202047404U (en) * 2011-01-18 2011-11-23 南京清波蓝藻环保科技有限公司 Water-body floating oil recovery system

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103818522A (en) * 2012-11-16 2014-05-28 中国科学院沈阳自动化研究所 Spilled oil recovery robot
CN103818522B (en) * 2012-11-16 2016-08-24 中国科学院沈阳自动化研究所 A kind of oil spilling recycling machine people
CN105270574A (en) * 2014-07-03 2016-01-27 钮振伟 Oil spill cleaning device for transformer
CN105314073A (en) * 2014-07-03 2016-02-10 钮振伟 Greasy dirt clearing ship
CN105484214A (en) * 2016-01-22 2016-04-13 曹庆俊 Oil slick collecting ship
CN105731578A (en) * 2016-04-19 2016-07-06 中国石油化工股份有限公司 Shipborne spilled-oil recycling system based on gas floating spilled oil separation
CN108487206A (en) * 2018-03-30 2018-09-04 浙江海洋大学 A kind of receipts oil body structure of spilled-oil recovery unit
CN111501699A (en) * 2018-06-16 2020-08-07 范宝莲 Offshore oil stain treatment device and method

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