CN102127825A - Preparation method of polymer fluorescent colorful fibre - Google Patents

Preparation method of polymer fluorescent colorful fibre Download PDF

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CN102127825A
CN102127825A CN 201010601981 CN201010601981A CN102127825A CN 102127825 A CN102127825 A CN 102127825A CN 201010601981 CN201010601981 CN 201010601981 CN 201010601981 A CN201010601981 A CN 201010601981A CN 102127825 A CN102127825 A CN 102127825A
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fluorescent
colorful
polymer
solution
fibers
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CN 201010601981
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CN102127825B (en
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孙立国
栾羽佳
汪成
滕婧
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黑龙江大学
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Abstract

The invention relates to a preparation method of a polymer fluorescent colorful fibre, belonging to the preparation field of fluorescent fibres and aiming to solve the technical problem that CdSe quantum dots are difficult to disperse into polymers for electrostatic spinning. The method provided by the invention comprises the following steps of: firstly, preparing CdSe quantum dots with different emitting light peak positions, and then mixing; secondly, depositing with ethanol and extracting with toluene; thirdly, preparing a polymer spinning solution; and fourthly, spinning the polymer spinning solution obtained in the third step into a fibre through a spinning process to obtain the polymer fluorescent colorful fibre. The fibre prepared by the invention can present red, orange, yellow, green and cyan lights under an ultraviolet light with the wavelength of 365 nm. The method has the advantages of simple process, economy, high spinning efficiency and easiness in controlling reaction conditions. The polymer fluorescent colorful fibre is applied to the aspects such as fluorescent anti-counterfeiting brands, paper and fluorescent decoration, fluorescent ink and clothes products.

Description

一种聚合物荧光多彩纤维的制备方法 A method for preparing a fluorescent polymer fibers colorful

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明属于荧光纤维的制备领域。 [0001] The present invention belongs to the field of preparing the fluorescent fibers. 硒化镉(CdSe)具有良好的光学特点和稳定性, 在发光器件、光学生物标记等领域有广泛的应用前景,本发明通过甲苯分散包覆到聚苯乙烯(PQ纤维中,获得了呈现对应量子点荧光特性的多彩纤维。 Cadmium selenide (CdSe) having good optical characteristics and stability, a wide range of potential applications in the field of light emitting devices, optical and other biomarkers, the present invention is coated onto a polystyrene dispersion (PQ fibers by toluene to give the corresponding presentation colorful fiber quantum dot fluorescent properties.

背景技术. Background technique.

[0002] 随着科学技术的进步,新的荧光纤维不断涌现,它在、光敏变色材料、荧光装饰材料、光记录材料、储光纤维、光纤维、防伪纤维、光纤等多个领域有着广泛的应用。 [0002] With the progress of science and technology, new emerging fluorescent fibers, in which a wide range, photochromic materials, fluorescent decorative materials, optical recording material, a plurality of optical fiber storage field, the optical fiber, security fibers, optical fiber has application. 量子点由于量子力学的奇妙规则而具有显著的尺寸效应,基本上高于特定域值的光都可吸收,而一个有机染料分子只有在吸收合适能量的光子后才能从基态升到较高的激发态,所用的光必须是精确的波长或颜色,这明显与半导体体相材料不同,而量子点要吸收所有高于其带隙能量的光子,但所发射的光波长(即颜色)又非常具有尺寸依赖性。 Since the quantum dot wonderful rules of quantum mechanics has significant size effect, substantially higher than a certain threshold of light can be absorbed and an organic dye molecules suitable only after photon absorption to rise to a higher energy excited from the ground state state, light used must be precise wavelength or color, which is obviously the semiconductor body with different materials, and quantum dots to absorb all higher than the band gap energy photons, but the light wavelength (i.e. color) of the emitted and very size-dependent. 所以,单一种类的纳米半导体材料就能够按尺寸变化产生一个发光波长不同的、颜色分明的标记物家族,这是染料分子根本无法实现的。 Therefore, a single species of nano-semiconductor materials can generate a different emission wavelength, color family distinct markers by dimensional change, which is impossible to achieve a dye molecule. 与传统的染料分子相比,量子点确实具有多种优势。 Compared with the traditional dye molecules, quantum dots does have a number of advantages. 无机微晶能够承受多次的激发和光发射,而有机分子却会分解.持久的稳定性可以让研究人员更长时间地观测细胞和组织,并毫无困难地进行界面修饰连接。 Inorganic ceramics can withstand multiple excitation and emission of light, but it will decompose organic molecules. Lasting stability allows researchers more time to observe cells and tissues, and without any difficulty connecting interface modification. 量于点最大的好处是有丰富的颜色。 The maximum amount of benefit point there is a wealth of color. 生物体系的复杂性经常需要同时观察几种组分,如果用染料分子染色,则需要不同波长的光来激发,而量于点则不存在这个问题,使用不同大小(进而不同色彩)的纳米晶体来标记不同的生物分子。 Complexity of biological systems often need to observe several components, if dyed with a dye molecule, it is necessary to excite light of different wavelengths, and the amount at this point is not an issue, the use of different sizes (and thus different colors) nanocrystals to mark different biological molecules. 使用单一光源就可以使不同的颗粒能够被即时监控。 A single light source can make use of different particles can be real-time monitoring. 量子点特殊的光学性质使得它在生物化学、分子生物学、细胞生物学、蛋白质组学、药物筛选、生物大分子相互作用等研究中有极大的应用前景。 Special optical properties of quantum dots so that it has great applications in biochemistry, molecular biology, cell biology, proteomics, drug screening, and the like interactions of biological macromolecules. 但由于量子点的毒性和荧光不稳定性,使其难于使用, 对量子点进行包覆是一种理想的手段。 However, due to the toxicity and instability of quantum dots, it is difficult to use, to be coated quantum dots is an ideal means. 因其由于表面效应等原因使得量子点难以均勻的分散在聚合物溶液中形成纺丝液,不能采用静电纺丝技术制备荧光纤维。 Effect, etc. due to its surface such that the quantum dot is difficult to uniformly dope the dispersion is formed in the polymer solution can not be prepared by electrospinning fluorescent fibers. 目前CdS量子点是以原位生成的办法包覆在水溶聚合物制成荧光纤维的。 Currently CdS quantum dots is generated in situ approach coated water soluble polymer made fluorescent fibers.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本发明要解决Cdk量子点难于分散在聚合物中进行静电纺丝的技术问题;而提供一种聚合物荧光多彩纤维的制备方法。 [0003] The present invention is to solve the quantum dot Cdk technical problems are difficult to disperse in a polymer electrospinning; to provide a process for preparing polymeric fibers colorful fluorescent. 本发明为制备荧光纤维提供了一种新途径。 The present invention provides a new method for the preparation of fluorescent fibers.

[0004] 本发明中聚合物荧光多彩纤维的制备方法是按下述步骤进行的:一、将150mL无水乙醇和40mL油酸混合,依次加入50mLNa0H水溶液和50mLCd (CH3COO) 2 · 2H20水溶液(白色溶液),再加入50mLNa2SeS03溶液,放置3〜5min (黄色溶液)得到反应液,然后按上述操作配制5份反应液,转移至不同的反应釜内分别反应0. ^! [0004] The production method of the present invention colorful fluorescent polymer fibers is performed by the following steps: I. mixing 150mL of absolute ethanol and 40mL oleic acid, and an aqueous solution were successively added 50mLNa0H 50mLCd (CH3COO) 2 · 2H20 solution (White solution), was added a solution 50mLNa2SeS03 placed 3~5min (yellow solution) to obtain a reaction solution, and then 5 parts of the above-described operation of the reaction solution prepared, transferred to a different reactor each reaction 0.5 ^! 、1. 5h、au4h和12h,反应在密闭反应釜、温度40〜150°C条件下进行,反应时间,获得含不同发射光峰位的CcKe量子点混合物,将上述含Cdk量子点混合物混合,得到量子点混合物A ;二、用乙醇沉淀步骤一获得量子点混合物A,然后用甲苯萃取,取上层液(上层液为玫瑰红色);三、将聚苯乙烯(PS) 加入上层液中,聚苯乙烯的质量浓度为25%〜35%,CdSe量子点总质量是聚苯乙烯质量的2%〜4% ;超声分散至均勻,得到聚合物纺丝液;四、通过纺丝工艺将步骤三获得的聚合物纺丝液纺成纤维;即得到聚合物荧光多彩纤维;其中步骤一中NaOH水溶液的质量浓度为6%〜8% ,Cd(CH3COO) 2 ·2Η20水溶液的质量浓度为2 0Z0〜3% ,Na2SeSO3溶液的质量浓度为 , 1. 5h, au4h and 12h, the reaction in a closed reactor, the temperature of 40~150 ° C conditions, the reaction time, obtained with different light emission peak of the quantum dot CcKe mixture, the quantum dot-containing mixture is mixed Cdk, a mixture was obtained quantum dot; II obtained by ethanol precipitation step of a quantum point of the mixture a, and then extracted with toluene, the upper liquid (supernatant rose.); three, the supernatant was added polystyrene (PS), poly mass concentration of styrene was 25% ~35%, CdSe quantum dots to the total mass% 2 ~ 4% by mass of polystyrene; ultrasonic dispersion until homogeneous, to obtain a polymer spinning solution; Fourth, the spinning process of step three by the obtained polymer dope is spun into fibers; obtain colorful fluorescent polymer fibers; a mass concentration step wherein the aqueous solution of NaOH was 6% ~ 8%, the concentration of the aqueous solution of 2 · 2Η20 Cd (CH3COO) 2 0Z0~ of 3%, concentration of the solution Na2SeSO3

2 % ο 2% ο

[0005] 本发明以甲苯为桥梁,得到均勻的纺丝液,解决了Cdk量子点难分散在聚苯乙烯中这一难题,而且通过萃取的方法,舍去了量子点通常纯化使用的沉淀和离心等方法,降低了成本,将硒化镉通过甲苯溶解在化纤制造过程中包覆到PS纤维中,得到呈现对应量子点荧光特性的多彩纤维,制备纤维在365nm波长紫外光下可呈现红、橙、黄、绿、青色光。 [0005] In the present invention, toluene as a bridge, to obtain a uniform dope, Cdk solve this problem quantum dot hard dispersed in polystyrene, and the method by extraction, precipitation typically rounding purified using quantum dots and centrifugation or the like, to reduce the costs, cadmium selenide to PS-coated fibers by the fiber manufacturing process was dissolved in toluene, to give the corresponding quantum dot exhibits fluorescence characteristics colorful fibers, the fibers can be prepared in a red-wavelength ultraviolet light at 365nm, orange, yellow, green, and blue light. 本方法工艺简单、经济、纺丝效率高,反应条件容易控制。 This method is simple, economical, high spinning efficiency, easy to control the reaction conditions. 应用在荧光防伪商标、纸张和荧光装饰、荧光油墨、服饰产品方面。 Application of fluorescent anti-counterfeit trademark, fluorescent paper and decorative, fluorescent ink, apparel products.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0006] 图1是不同尺寸量子点的荧光光谱图,图中从左至右峰分别对应0. 5h、l. 5h,2h, 4h和12h ;图2是具体实施方式八制备聚合物荧光多彩纤维的荧光光谱图。 [0006] FIG. 1 is a fluorescence spectra of the quantum dots of different sizes, from left to right in FIG peaks corresponding to 0. 5h, l 5h, 2h, 4h and 12h;. FIG. 2 is a specific embodiment eight colorful fluorescent polymer prepared fluorescence spectra fibers.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0007] 具体实施方式一:本实施方式中聚合物荧光多彩纤维的制备方法是按下述步骤进行的:一、将150mL无水乙醇和40mL油酸混合,依次加入50mLNa0H水溶液和50mLCd (CH3COO) 2 · 2H20水溶液,其中,再加入50mL Na2SeSO3溶液,放置3〜5min得到反应液,然后按上述操作配制5份反应液,转移至不同的反应釜内分别反应0. ^! [0007] In a particular embodiment: the present embodiment described the preparation of polymers colorful fluorescent fibers is carried out by the following steps: First, the 150mL of absolute ethanol and 40mL of oleic acid, and an aqueous solution were successively added 50mLNa0H 50mLCd (CH3COO) 2 · 2H20 solution, which was added 50mL Na2SeSO3 placed 3~5min obtain a reaction solution, and then 5 parts of the above-described operation of the reaction solution prepared, transferred to a different reactor each reaction 0.5 ^! 、1. 5h、au4h和12h,反应在密闭反应釜、温度40〜150°C条件下进行,获得含不同发射光峰位的Cdk量子点混合物,将上述含Cdk量子点混合物混合,得到量子点混合物A ;二、用乙醇沉淀步骤一获得量子点混合物A,然后用甲苯萃取,取上层液;;三、将聚苯乙烯(PQ加入上层液中, 聚苯乙烯的质量浓度为25%〜35%,CdSe量子点总质量是聚苯乙烯质量的2%〜4% ;超声分散至均勻,得到聚合物纺丝液;四、通过纺丝工艺将步骤三获得的聚合物纺丝液纺成纤维;即得到聚合物荧光多彩纤维;其中步骤一中NaOH水溶液的质量浓度为6%〜8%, Cd(CH3COO)2 · 2H20水溶液的质量浓度为2%〜3 %,Na2SeSO3溶液的质量浓度为2%。 , 1. 5h, au4h and 12h, the reaction in a closed reactor, the temperature conditions of 40~150 ° C, to obtain the quantum dot-containing mixture of different Cdk light emission peak of the quantum dot-containing mixture Cdk mixed to obtain quantum dot a mixture; II obtained by ethanol precipitation step of a quantum point of the mixture a, and then extracted with toluene, the upper liquid ;; three, polystyrene (PQ added to the supernatant, the concentration of the polystyrene is 25% ~ 35 %, of the total mass of CdSe quantum dots 2% to ~ 4% by mass of polystyrene; ultrasonic dispersion until homogeneous, to obtain a polymer spinning solution; Fourth, polymer dope through a spinning process of step III was spun into fibers ; obtain colorful fluorescent polymer fiber; wherein the concentration step in a 6% aqueous NaOH solution ~ 8% concentration of 2 · 2H20 solution of Cd (CH3COO) 2% ~ 3%, concentration of the solution is 2 Na2SeSO3 %.

[0008] 本实施方式制备纤维在365nm波长紫外光下可呈现红、橙、黄、绿、青色光。 [0008] The embodiment according to the present embodiment was prepared at a wavelength of 365nm UV fibers may exhibit red, orange, yellow, green, blue light.

[0009] 具体实施方式二:本实施方式与具体实施方式一不同的是:步骤一所述反应温度为80〜100°C。 [0009] DETAILED Embodiment 2: This embodiment is a particular embodiment except that: said step a reaction temperature of 80~100 ° C. 其它步骤和参数与具体实施方式一相同。 Other steps and parameters same as a specific embodiment.

[0010] 具体实施方式三:本实施方式与具体实施方式一或二不同的是:步骤三中超声分散所需超声频率为80HZ。 [0010] DETAILED Embodiment 3: Embodiment of the present embodiment and the exemplary embodiment one or two exceptions: Step three ultrasonic dispersing a desired ultrasonic frequency 80HZ. 其它步骤和参数与具体实施方式一或二相同。 DETAILED other steps and parameters same as embodiment one or two.

[0011] 具体实施方式四:本实施方式与具体实施方式一至三之一不同的是:步骤四中CdSe量子点总质量是聚苯乙烯质量的2. 5%〜3. 5%。 [0011] DETAILED DESCRIPTION four: the present embodiment and the exemplary embodiment, one embodiment one to three exceptions: the Step 4 CdSe quantum dots is 2.5% of the total mass of ~ 3 5% by mass of polystyrene. 其它步骤和参数与具体实施方式一至三之一相同。 The other steps and the parameters of one specific embodiment of one to three.

[0012] 具体实施方式五:本实施方式与具体实施方式一至三之一不同的是:步骤四中Cdk量子点总质量是聚苯乙烯质量的3.0%。 [0012] DETAILED DESCRIPTION five: the present embodiment and the exemplary embodiment, one embodiment one to three exceptions: Step total mass of the quantum dot Fourth Cdk is 3.0% by mass of polystyrene. 其它步骤和参数与具体实施方式一至三之一相同。 The other steps and the parameters of one specific embodiment of one to three.

[0013] 具体实施方式六:本实施方式与具体实施方式一至四之一不同的是:步骤四所述 [0013] DETAILED DESCRIPTION six: the present embodiment and the exemplary embodiment except that one of one to four: the four step

4纺丝工艺为拉丝法、旋转纺丝或静电纺丝。 4 is a drawing spinning process, spin spinning or electrospinning. 其它步骤和参数与具体实施方式一至四之一相同。 The other steps and the parameters of one specific embodiment of one to four.

[0014] 具体实施方式七:本实施方式与具体实施方式六不同的是:所述静电纺丝中铜丝作为阳极,铝箔作为阴极,固定阴极与阳极距离为15cm,在12kv电压下静电纺丝。 [0014] Seventh Embodiment: Six different embodiment of the present embodiment and the exemplary embodiment is: the electrospinning copper as an anode, an aluminum foil as a cathode, an anode and a cathode fixed distance of 15cm, at 12kv voltage electrospinning . 其它步骤和参数与具体实施方式六相同。 The other steps and parameters DETAILED DESCRIPTION VI.

[0015] 具体实施方式八:本实施本实施方式中聚合物荧光多彩纤维的制备方法是按下述步骤进行的:一、将150mL无水乙醇和40mL油酸混合,依次加入50mLNa0H水溶液和50mLCd (CH3COO) 2 ·2Η20水溶液,其中,再加入50mL Na2SeSO3溶液,静置5min得到反应液,然后按上述操作配制5份反应液,转移至不同的反应釜内分别反应0. 5h、l. 5h,2h,4h和12h, 反应在密闭反应釜、温度100°C条件下进行见图1),获得含不同发射光峰位的Cdk量子点混合物,将上述含Cdk量子点混合物混合,得到量子点混合物A ;二、用乙醇沉淀步骤一获得量子点混合物A,然后用甲苯萃取,取上层液;三、将聚苯乙烯(PQ加入上层液中,聚苯乙烯的质量浓度为30%,Cdk量子点质量与聚苯乙烯质量的比为3% ;超声分散至均勻,得到聚合物纺丝液;四、通过静电纺丝将步骤三获得的聚合物纺丝液纺成纤维,静电纺丝中 [0015] DETAILED DESCRIPTION eight: the present embodiment according to the present embodiment described the preparation of polymers colorful fluorescent fibers is carried out by the following steps: First, the 150mL of absolute ethanol and 40mL of oleic acid, and an aqueous solution were successively added 50mLNa0H 50mLCd ( CH3COO) 2 · 2Η20 aqueous solution, wherein the solution was added 50mL Na2SeSO3, 5min was allowed to stand to obtain a reaction solution, and then 5 parts of the above-described operation of the reaction solution prepared, the reaction was transferred to each of the different reactor 0. 5h, l. 5h, 2h , 4h and 12h, the reaction in a closed reactor, temperature 100 ° C condition shown in Figure 1), to obtain the quantum dot-containing mixture of different Cdk light emission peak of the quantum dot-containing mixture Cdk mixed to obtain a mixture a quantum dot ; II obtained by ethanol precipitation step of a quantum point of the mixture a, and then extracted with toluene, the upper liquid; three, polystyrene (PQ added to the supernatant, the concentration of polystyrene was 30%, Cdk quantum dot quality polystyrene ratio of 3% by mass; ultrasonic dispersion until homogeneous, to obtain a polymer spinning solution; IV by electrospinning a polymer spinning solution obtained in step three spun into fibers, electrospinning 铜丝作为阳极,铝箔作为阴极,固定阴极与阳极距离为15cm,在12kv电压下静电纺丝;即得到聚合物荧光多彩纤维;其中步骤一中NaOH水溶液的质量浓度为7%,Cd(CH3COO)2 · 2H20水溶液的质量浓度为2 %,Na2SeSO3溶液的质量浓度为2%。 Copper wire as an anode, an aluminum foil as a cathode, an anode and a cathode fixed distance of 15cm, at a voltage of 12kv electrospinning; obtain colorful fluorescent polymer fibers; a mass concentration step wherein the aqueous solution of NaOH was 7%, Cd (CH3COO) 2 · 2H20 solution concentration is 2% by mass solution of a concentration of 2% Na2SeSO3.

[0016] 本实施方式制备的聚合物荧光多彩纤维的荧光光谱如图2所示,由图2可知制备的荧光纤维在365nm波长紫外光下可呈现红、橙、黄、绿、青色光。 [0016] The fluorescent polymer colorful fluorescent fibers prepared according to the present embodiment shown in FIG. 2 embodiment spectroscopy, fluorescent fibers prepared from FIG. 2 that can be presented at a wavelength of 365nm UV light red, orange, yellow, green, and blue light.

Claims (7)

1. 一种聚合物荧光多彩纤维的制备方法,其特征在于聚合物荧光多彩纤维的制备方法是按下述步骤进行的:一、将150mL无水乙醇和40mL油酸混合,依次加入50mL NaOH水溶液和50mLCd (CH3COO) 2 · 2H20水溶液,再加入50mL Na2SeSO3溶液,放置3〜5min得到反应液,然后按上述操作配制5份反应液,转移至不同的反应釜内分别反应0. 5h、l. 5h,2h,4h和12h, 反应在密闭反应釜、温度40〜150°C条件下进行,获得含不同发射光峰位的Cdk量子点混合物,将上述含Cdk量子点混合物混合,得到量子点混合物A ;二、用乙醇沉淀步骤一获得量子点混合物A,然后用甲苯萃取,取上层液;三、将聚苯乙烯加入上层液中,聚苯乙烯的质量浓度为25%〜35%,CdSe量子点总质量是聚苯乙烯质量的2%〜4% ;超声分散至均勻,得到聚合物纺丝液;四、通过纺丝工艺将步骤三获得的聚合物纺丝液纺成纤维;即得 A method for preparing multicolored fluorescent polymer fibers, characterized in that the preparation of polymers colorful fluorescent fibers is performed by the following steps: First, the 150mL of absolute ethanol and oleic acid 40mL, 50mL NaOH aqueous solution were successively added and 2 · 2H20 solution 50mLCd (CH3COO), then the solution was added 50mL Na2SeSO3 placed 3~5min obtain a reaction solution, and then 5 parts of the above-described operation of the reaction solution prepared, the reaction were transferred to a different reaction vessel 0. 5h, l. 5h , 2h, 4h and 12h, reaction was carried out in a closed reactor, the temperature of 40~150 ° C conditions, a quantum dot containing a mixture of different Cdk light emission peak of the quantum dot-containing Cdk mixture was mixed to obtain a mixture a quantum dot ; II obtained by ethanol precipitation step of a quantum point of the mixture a, and then extracted with toluene, the upper liquid; Third, the upper layer was added to the polystyrene, a polystyrene concentration of 25% ~35%, CdSe quantum dots the total mass is 2% ~ 4% by mass of polystyrene; ultrasonic dispersion until homogeneous, to obtain a polymer spinning solution; Fourth, polymer dope through a spinning process of step III was spun into fibers; i.e., to give 聚合物荧光多彩纤维;其中步骤一中NaOH水溶液的质量浓度为6%〜8%,Cd(CH3COO)2 · 2H20水溶液的质量浓度为2%〜3 KNa2SeSO3溶液的质量浓度为2%。 Colorful fluorescent polymer fiber; wherein the concentration step in a 6% aqueous NaOH solution ~ 8% concentration of 2 · 2H20 solution of Cd (CH3COO) to a concentration of 2% ~3 KNa2SeSO3 mass solution is 2%.
2.根据权利要求1所述的一种聚合物荧光多彩纤维的制备方法,其特征在于步骤一所述反应温度为80〜100°C。 The preparation method of the polymeric fluorescent colorful fibers to claim 1, wherein said step a reaction temperature of 80~100 ° C.
3.根据权利要求2所述的一种聚合物荧光多彩纤维的制备方法,其特征在于步骤三中超声分散所需超声频率为80Hz。 3. A method for preparing a polymer according to fluorescent colorful fibers according to claim 2, characterized in that the ultrasonic dispersing step 3 of the desired ultrasonic frequency 80Hz.
4.根据权利要求3所述的一种聚合物荧光多彩纤维的制备方法,其特征在于步骤四中CdSe量子点总质量是聚苯乙烯质量的2. 5%〜3. 5%。 4. A method for preparing a polymer according to fluorescent colorful fibers according to claim 3, wherein the Step 4 CdSe quantum dots is 2.5% of the total mass of ~ 3. 5% by mass of polystyrene.
5.根据权利要求3所述的一种聚合物荧光多彩纤维的制备方法,其特征在于步骤四中CdSe量子点总质量是聚苯乙烯质量的3. 0%。 5. A method for preparing a polymer according to fluorescent colorful fibers according to claim 3, wherein the Step 4 CdSe quantum dots is the total mass of 3.0% by mass of polystyrene.
6.根据权利要求1-5中任一项权利要求所述的一种聚合物荧光多彩纤维的制备方法, 其特征在于步骤四所述纺丝工艺为拉丝法、旋转纺丝或静电纺丝。 The preparation method according to any one of claims 1-5 in a colorful fluorescent polymer fiber as claimed in claim, wherein the step of drawing the four spinning process is a method, a rotary spinning or electrospinning.
7.根据权利要求6所述的一种聚合物荧光多彩纤维的制备方法,其特征在于所述静电纺丝中铜丝作为阳极,铝箔作为阴极,固定阴极与阳极距离为15cm,在12kv电压下静电纺丝。 The method for preparing a fluorescent polymer fiber according to claim 6 colorful, wherein said electrospinning copper as an anode, an aluminum foil as a cathode, an anode and a cathode fixed distance of 15cm, at a voltage of 12kv Electrospinning.
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