CN102124920A - Economical and practical type multifunctional greenhouse shed - Google Patents

Economical and practical type multifunctional greenhouse shed Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102124920A
CN102124920A CN2011100200447A CN201110020044A CN102124920A CN 102124920 A CN102124920 A CN 102124920A CN 2011100200447 A CN2011100200447 A CN 2011100200447A CN 201110020044 A CN201110020044 A CN 201110020044A CN 102124920 A CN102124920 A CN 102124920A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
economical
longitudinal
practical type
longeron
column
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Pending
Application number
CN2011100200447A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
谭友
张勇
马莎
Original Assignee
张勇
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Application filed by 张勇 filed Critical 张勇
Priority to CN2011100200447A priority Critical patent/CN102124920A/en
Publication of CN102124920A publication Critical patent/CN102124920A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

The invention discloses an economical and practical type multifunctional greenhouse shed, which comprises upright posts, arched beams, longitudinal ties, pressed film grooves and films, wherein the upright posts in the same row are provided with a longitudinal beam; the longitudinal beam is provided with a plug casing; two ends of the arched beams are inserted in the plug casings of two adjacent longitudinal beams and are fixed; the films are paved on arch crowns and are fixed by the pressed film grooves; the longitudinal ties pass through the lower part of the arched beams and fix the arched beams into a whole body; the plug casings on the longitudinal beams are one-way pipes or two-way pipes; the upright posts are reinforced concrete precast members; the longitudinal beams are made of angle steel, round pipes or channel steel; the plug casings are provided with threaded holes to ensure that the arched beams can be conveniently fixed by using bolts; and the heads of the upright posts are provided with longitudinal beam fixing pieces. The economical and practical type multifunctional greenhouse shed has the characteristics of fixed plug bush connection of the plug casings, novel structure, attractive appearance, reasonable stress, solidness, firmness, strong stability, strong wind resistance, long service life, quick mounting and dismounting, convenient maintenance, fair price, and easy popularization.

Description

Economical and practical type multipurpose greenhouse canopy
Technical field the present invention is a kind of agricultural facility, economical and practical type multipurpose greenhouse canopy.
The existing green house of background technology, various informative, of a great variety.Reinforced concrete structure arranged, the cable wire pulled tension brace type large arranged, useful post, have vault add pillar or the like.From a structural point, existing booth no matter be arch or gable-top, post, vault and upright wall part are mostly arranged, also have the longeron that each vault is interfixed or claim longitudinal tie.Connection between post, beam, the longitudinal tie mostly is welding or dismountable bolt edge joint.For what weld, become permanent installation, inconvenient dismounting and maintenance, problem is more.For the connection of bolt fastening, though it is not too reasonable to dismantle more convenient, present structure,, be connected together as two or more booths for the booth of the formula of operating, so that connecting canopy, the cover cap larger area just is not suitable for very much.
Summary of the invention purpose of the present invention proposes a kind of more reasonable structure exactly, and more convenient, solid firm, the economical and practical type multipurpose greenhouse canopy that the formula booth that is suitable for operating is built of dismounting is not strong to solve existing canopy practicality, applies the problem of limitation.
This economical and practical type multipurpose greenhouse canopy that the present invention proposes, it has column, arched girder, longitudinal tie, film-pressing tank and film, it is characterized in that on same row's column longeron being arranged, cannulate is arranged on the longeron, the two ends of arched girder are inserted in the cannulate of adjacent two longerons fixing, film is laid on the vault fixing, and longitudinal tie passes below arched girder and each arched girder is connected to one.Film is laid the back and is fixed in the film-pressing tank by the press mold spring.
Cannulate on the longeron is uniguide or two-way pipe.
Column is a reinforced concrete precast member, and its cross section can be square, rectangle or circle.Column lower end is fixed on the underground pedestal.
Longeron is angle steel, pipe or channel-section steel.And don't area on hail band big at rainfall, the longeron that connects between canopy selects channel-section steel also to make tank, rainwater can be arranged outside canopy; Short of rain and be in area on the hail band in arid, the longeron that connects between canopy is selected angle steel or pipe, and the suspension column trench digging is so that save construction cost, rainwater utilization and hail sedimentation.
The angle steel opening surface places on the column head, and cannulate welds or is fixed on the inclined-plane of angle steel with flange form screw.
Open screwed hole on the cannulate, so that the fixing arched girder of screw.
The column head is provided with the longeron fixture, and fixture is made with band steel, and this fixture so that a jacket of column is lived, has installing hole also to fix with stay bolt and column cap for lacking following square shape or square on the fixture.Certainly also can pour into and be prefabricated into one with column.Fixture is many to be made with band steel,
The cannulate that longeron is positioned at the column place is two-tube, and wherein an intubate is fixed on the connector.Being connected between connector and cannulate is that welding or screw connect.Fixing between fixture and longeron to weld.
The arched girder of sleeve on column is two arched girders, and the increase muscle is arranged between two arched girders.So that strengthen the intensity of whole vault.
Installation procedure of the present invention: on the ground of building the greenhouse canopy, in a row punch, install column according to the size of prior setting, require the styletable face on the same horizontal plane, install longeron, installation and fixedly arched girder and film-pressing tank, installation longitudinal tie, install the canopy door, on film, line ball.
Because two-way cannulate is arranged on the longeron, then can do another canopy after carrying out a canopy, up to monoblock being needed cover in the plot of cover booth of founding a capital the greenhouse canopy of the formula of operating of formation.
Characteristics of the present invention are to make full use of the mode installing/dismounting green house that the cannulate sleeve is connected and fixed, novel structure, and good looking appearance, stressed reasonable, solid firm, good stability, wind resistance power is strong, long service life; Installation and removal are quick, and are easy to maintenance; Material therefor is the common iron section bar, and price is flat suitable, with low cost, is easily wide farmers and accepts.It also possesses following characteristics in addition:
Be provided with the hail sedimentation hole, extremely promote the use of in the area that is fit on the hail band;
Design Lian Peng space is big, highly moderate, to many canopies, not limited by landform from single canopy, decides as required;
The Winter protection performance is good, and big ventilation all can be realized in the four sides during summer high temperature;
With fresh air between canopy, if install the insect protected yarn additional in two canopy sides, the utmost point is suitable for the production of pollution-free vegetable, fruit;
Be convenient to the small-sized machine equalization, labour intensity is low, the production efficiency height;
Can carry out rice field-upland field rotation, the utmost point is beneficial to the problem of preventing and treating of the high resistance damage by disease and insect (present conventional canopy is difficult to resolve and determines) that solves long-time dry farming and bring.
Appended drawings is the annexation schematic perspective view (part) between column of the present invention, longeron, arched girder, cannulate.
The label of each parts is as follows among the figure:
The 1-column; The 2-fixture; The 3-longeron; The 4-cannulate; The 5-film-pressing tank; The two arched girders of 6-; The single arched girder of 7-; 8-strengthens muscle.
Embodiment is shown in Fig. 1-4, and column 1 is four reinforced concrete precast members of 120 * 120 * 2600 (mm) or 100 * 100 * 2600 (mm), and wherein the part of 800-1000 (mm) is advance imbedding in the soil.Certainly reliable and stable for guaranteeing column, need look geological condition, dig pit and make the column pedestal with materials such as stone, concrete.If the geology under the soil is more solid stable, also can without pedestal.The equal leg angle of longeron 3 usefulness 40 * 40 (mm) is made.The junction perforate of adjacent two longerons is screwed.Cannulate 4 is a metal tube, is welded on two inclined-planes of longeron with the angle that adapts with arched girder span and radian.Certainly, a kind of mode that welding just is connected and fixed, this example is not repelled fixed forms such as other screws.Longeron on the limit only needs weld cannulate on an inclined-plane.The internal diameter of cannulate is slightly larger than the external diameter of arched girder pipe.
Fixture 2 is that three limits are the scarce frame of 120mm or right angle half frame that both sides are 120mm, so that encase the column head tightly.Fixture is made of band steel.This example of fixed form of fixture and column is a perforating stay bolt fixed form.
Fix with the full weld mode between longeron and fixture.Also mode such as available screw is connected and fixed.
Arched girder divides single arched girder 7 and two arched girder 6.Single arched girder external diameter is that 1/2 inch galvanized pipe is made.The sagitta 1200mm of the arched girder that this is routine, span (chord length) 5300mm.Two-tube beam be on single arched girder basis below the 140mm place add a concentric arch, the reinforcing bar with diameter 8mm between two arches is fixing as strengthening muscle 8 welding.Spacing between arched girder is 1000mm.Column be that spacing is 3000mm, between per two columns, two single arched girders are arranged.
Longitudinal tie (not drawing among the figure) is for vertically connecting the member of each arched girder, with existing identical.Longitudinal tie generally is that center (vault inner roof) is established one, and both sides are respectively established one.If the span of arch also can add many when big, to increase the intensity of whole frame.
Longitudinal tie is connected and fixed with adopting existing general geometrical clamp being connected of arched girder.
The skeleton of greenhouse canopy is built up the back just can carry out bedding with plastic film.The mode of epiphragma is with existing identical.The sidewall of greenhouse canopy with the door also with existing identical.Do not state herein.
This routine greenhouse canopy connects various ways construction uses such as canopy in different plot with Dan Peng, Er Lianpeng, San Lianpeng, four respectively.The trier reflects that well effect is as expection, and peasant household is very satisfied.The installer is reflected, the mounting means of this plug bush type, than before the electric welding mode compare, convenient and swift, work efficiency has improved more than 50%, the adjustment of camber is easier.The all very easy adjustment of the height of each arched girder, arc circularity.
Band tank canopy type: the rainwater between two arches causes canopy by tank and drains outward or focus utilization.
Not with tank canopy type: Winter protection is finished by the two a small amount of lappings that connect limit film between canopy; During hailing, the slit from longeron after hail slides along arch face falls.
This example is not repelled the column of other materials.As steel pipe, small size pylon etc. also is to have.As long as top fixing corresponding cannulate promptly has advantage of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. economical and practical type multipurpose greenhouse canopy, it has column, arched girder, longitudinal tie, film-pressing tank and film, it is characterized in that on same row's column longeron being arranged, cannulate is arranged on the longeron, the two ends of arched girder are inserted in the cannulate of adjacent two longerons fixing, film is laid on the vault fixing, and longitudinal tie passes below arched girder and each arched girder is connected to one.
2. economical and practical type multipurpose according to claim 1 greenhouse canopy is characterized in that the cannulate on the longeron is uniguide or two-way pipe.
3. economical and practical type multipurpose according to claim 1 greenhouse canopy is characterized in that column is a reinforced concrete precast member, and its cross section is square, rectangle or circle.
4. economical and practical type multipurpose according to claim 1 greenhouse canopy is characterized in that longeron is angle steel, pipe or channel-section steel.
5. economical and practical type multipurpose according to claim 1 greenhouse canopy is characterized in that opening on the cannulate screwed hole.
6. economical and practical type multipurpose according to claim 1 greenhouse canopy is characterized in that the column head is provided with the longeron fixture.
7. economical and practical type multipurpose according to claim 6 greenhouse canopy is characterized in that the cannulate that longeron is positioned at the column place is two-tube, and wherein a cannulate is fixed on the connector
8. economical and practical type multipurpose according to claim 1 greenhouse canopy is characterized in that the arched girder of sleeve on column for two arched girders, has reinforcement between two arched girders.
CN2011100200447A 2011-01-14 2011-01-14 Economical and practical type multifunctional greenhouse shed Pending CN102124920A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011100200447A CN102124920A (en) 2011-01-14 2011-01-14 Economical and practical type multifunctional greenhouse shed

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011100200447A CN102124920A (en) 2011-01-14 2011-01-14 Economical and practical type multifunctional greenhouse shed

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102124920A true CN102124920A (en) 2011-07-20

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CN2011100200447A Pending CN102124920A (en) 2011-01-14 2011-01-14 Economical and practical type multifunctional greenhouse shed

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103039301A (en) * 2012-12-31 2013-04-17 厦门农丰园大棚开发有限公司 Agricultural greenhouse frame structure and connecting devices thereof

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2328178Y (en) * 1998-06-08 1999-07-14 杜永胜 Steel-plastic composite material combined upright post free greenhouse frame device
CN2431350Y (en) * 2000-06-28 2001-05-23 刘继 Plastic-plated concrete-injected greenhouse frame pipe
US20020059749A1 (en) * 2000-11-20 2002-05-23 Williams David Allen Lightweight greenhouse structure for rapid assembly, disassembly, storage and transport
CN2629419Y (en) * 2003-06-16 2004-08-04 马桂莲 Two-beam greenhouse frame section bar
CN201263336Y (en) * 2008-09-18 2009-07-01 刘国兴 Double-film beam double-film greenhouse frame
CN201328275Y (en) * 2008-07-04 2009-10-21 昆明理工大学 Greenhouse with tension structure
CN202068784U (en) * 2011-01-14 2011-12-14 张勇 Economic, practical and multi-purpose greenhouse shed

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2328178Y (en) * 1998-06-08 1999-07-14 杜永胜 Steel-plastic composite material combined upright post free greenhouse frame device
CN2431350Y (en) * 2000-06-28 2001-05-23 刘继 Plastic-plated concrete-injected greenhouse frame pipe
US20020059749A1 (en) * 2000-11-20 2002-05-23 Williams David Allen Lightweight greenhouse structure for rapid assembly, disassembly, storage and transport
CN2629419Y (en) * 2003-06-16 2004-08-04 马桂莲 Two-beam greenhouse frame section bar
CN201328275Y (en) * 2008-07-04 2009-10-21 昆明理工大学 Greenhouse with tension structure
CN201263336Y (en) * 2008-09-18 2009-07-01 刘国兴 Double-film beam double-film greenhouse frame
CN202068784U (en) * 2011-01-14 2011-12-14 张勇 Economic, practical and multi-purpose greenhouse shed

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103039301A (en) * 2012-12-31 2013-04-17 厦门农丰园大棚开发有限公司 Agricultural greenhouse frame structure and connecting devices thereof
CN103039301B (en) * 2012-12-31 2015-01-21 厦门农丰园大棚开发有限公司 Agricultural greenhouse frame structure and L type, E type and T type connecting devices thereof

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Application publication date: 20110720