CN102114565A - Pneumatic floating contact type welding automatic tracking device - Google Patents

Pneumatic floating contact type welding automatic tracking device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102114565A
CN102114565A CN2009102174562A CN200910217456A CN102114565A CN 102114565 A CN102114565 A CN 102114565A CN 2009102174562 A CN2009102174562 A CN 2009102174562A CN 200910217456 A CN200910217456 A CN 200910217456A CN 102114565 A CN102114565 A CN 102114565A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
vertical
welding gun
welding
guide rail
horizontal
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2009102174562A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王义德
高锐
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
HARBIN HUAWEI WELDING AND CUTTING STOCKING CO Ltd
Original Assignee
HARBIN HUAWEI WELDING AND CUTTING STOCKING CO Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by HARBIN HUAWEI WELDING AND CUTTING STOCKING CO Ltd filed Critical HARBIN HUAWEI WELDING AND CUTTING STOCKING CO Ltd
Priority to CN2009102174562A priority Critical patent/CN102114565A/en
Publication of CN102114565A publication Critical patent/CN102114565A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention relates to a pneumatic floating contact type welding automatic tracking device, which is suitable for the automatic welding production line of section bars, especially H and T-shaped section bars. The device comprises a welding gun bracket, a welding gun adjuster, a crosswise tracking wheel, a vertical tracking wheel, a cross-shaped sliding connecting rod, a rotator, a vertical hoisting cylinder, a vertical guide rail plate, a crosswise guide rail plate, a crosswise moving cylinder and a crosswise connecting plate, wherein the welding gun adjuster, the crosswise tracking wheel and the vertical tracking wheel are arranged on the welding gun bracket. The pneumatic control is used by the device and the crosswise tracking wheel and the vertical tracking wheel are used for performing the pneumatic floating contact on the web and panel of a section bar welding workpiece, thereby realizing the automatic tracking of the welding gun on the welding channel of a welded workpiece. The pneumatic floating contact type welding automatic tracking device has the advantages that the operation is convenient, the cost is low, the anti-jamming capability is strong, the welding speed is higher and the welding joint quality is high.

Description

The unsteady contact welding of air pressure autotracker
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of welding autotracker, can be applicable to section bar, especially on H, the automatic welding production line of T section bar.
Background technology
At home and abroad on the section bar welding equipment, adopt electronics tracking means such as electric arc sensing, laser sensing and CCD visual sensing at present more.Above-mentioned sensing tracking means generally has deficiencies such as complex structure, cost are higher, poor anti jamming capability, operation inconvenience.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is: a kind of air pressure contact welding autotracker that floats is provided, solves existing tracking means complex structure, poor anti jamming capability, problem that the cost cost is high.
Technical conceive of the present invention is: according to the section bar table and comparatively straight regular characteristics are utilized three-dimensional profiling principle, carry out the preparation that aligns of welding gun and welding bead before the welding, in the welding process, rely on the quick condition of air pressure, finish welding from motion tracking.
Technical solution of the present invention is:
The unsteady contact welding of a kind of air pressure autotracker, comprise welding gun stake body, welding gun adjuster, horizontal tracing wheel, vertical tracking wheel, cross be slidingly connected bar, rotor, vertical lift cylinder, vertical riser guide plate, laterally moving guide rail plate, horizontal mobile cylinder and cross connecting plate constitute.It is characterized in that: welding gun adjuster, horizontal tracing wheel, vertical tracking wheel are installed on the welding gun stake body.The welding gun stake body is connected by rotor and the cross bar lower end that is slidingly connected, be slidingly connected bar upper end of cross is connected with vertical lift cylinder, body part is slidingly connected with its guide rail and vertical guide rail plate, vertical lift cylinder is fixed on the vertical riser guide plate, this cylinder rod is flexible, drives cross and is slidingly connected bar along its vertical lifting rail.Vertical guide rail plate is slidingly connected by guide rail and cross slide way plate, horizontal mobile cylinder is fixed on the cross connecting plate, horizontal mobile cylinder rod links to each other with vertical guide rail plate, this cylinder rod is flexible, the lift cylinder that the moving cross of vertical guide rail strip is slidingly connected bar and links to each other with bar moves along the guide rail transverse horizontal.
Cross connecting plate is fixed on the walking portal frame of section bar welding equipment.
Before the welding, the panel of welded piece founds into the ⊥ type with the web group, and spot welding is also proofreaied and correct.
Described welding gun stake body is along each one group of the contour positioned opposite in ⊥ type workpiece longitudinal axis web both sides.And on every assembly welding gun support body, be symmetry with welding gun stake body length center, arrange along workpiece longitudinal axis direction welding gun adjuster, horizontal tracing wheel, each two cover of vertical tracking wheel are installed.
The welding gun stake body is by rotor, can be around the cross vertical center line swing of bar that is slidingly connected.
Welding gun is installed on the welding gun stake body by the welding gun pivot angle fixture block of welding gun adjuster.Therefore welding gun both can be done moving of level and vertical both direction with the welding gun stake body under the drive of aforementioned two cylinders, can swing flexibly around the cross vertical center line of bar that is slidingly connected again, with the performance of assurance welding gun butt welded seam tracking.
Set up the gas pressure of the horizontal mobile cylinder in both sides, the horizontal tracing on the welding gun stake body that is attached thereto is taken turns in welding process, horizontal all the time clamping work pieces web; Set up the gas pressure of vertical lift cylinder, make vertical tracking wheel on the welding gun stake body that is attached thereto in welding process, vertical all the time workpiece pressing panel.
Welding gun aligns work before the weldering, is finished by the welding gun adjuster.Promptly by manual adjustments, welding gun is set up under the prerequisite at above-mentioned air pressure, its horizontal direction, vertical direction and along welding bead longitudinal angle direction all reach the correct position that meets welding process requirement.
Described welding gun adjuster by vertical take-up housing, vertically adjust slide block, horizontal adjusting slide block and welding gun pivot angle fixture block and constitute.
Vertical take-up housing is fixedly mounted on the welding gun stake body, and vertical take-up housing is connected with lifting screw on being packed in vertical slide block by vertical manual adjustment screw mandrel, and vertical adjustment screw mandrel rotates, and lifting is fallen screw and driven this slide block and move up and down along vertical guide rail.Vertical slide block is manually adjusted screw mandrel by level, is connected with translation screw on being packed in cross sliding clock, and the horizontal adjusting screw mandrel rotates, and the translation screw drives this slide block and laterally moves along horizontal guide rail.Welding gun grips by the pivot angle fixture block, and pivot angle fixture block axle is installed on the cross sliding clock with the rotary pair form, and can be along its axial longitudinal angle of adjusting between welding gun and the welding bead.
The welding beginning, when tracking means is mobile under the drive of walking portal frame, two horizontal tracing wheels of each side are by the horizontal tracing wheel support, under the effect of horizontal mobile cylinder, along the contact of closely rolling of the both side surface of workpiece web, profiling simultaneously detects its both side surface profile, and testing result passes to horizontal mobile cylinder by horizontal tracing wheel support, welding gun stake body, the cross bar that is slidingly connected.Two horizontal mobile cylinders transmit the testing results of coming according to the horizontal tracing wheel, carry out the flexible adjustment of cylinder stroke separately, to drive separately welding gun in the locational tracking of lateral coordinates.
When tracking means moves, vertical tracking wheel can be with the vertical tracking wheel support of steering-type around vertical axle rotation centering, simultaneously closely roll contact and profiling detects the panel surface profile along the workpiece panel surface, testing result passes to vertical lift cylinder by vertical tracking wheel support, welding gun stake body, the cross bar that is slidingly connected.Vertical lift cylinder carries out the lift adjustment of cylinder stroke according to the testing result that vertical tracking wheel transmission comes, to drive the tracking of welding gun on vertical coordinate position.
Advantage of the present invention is: by the two coordinate three-dimensional surfaces of the mechanical contact of tracking wheel weldment, float in good time and finish the profile tracer tracking, adjust the welding position of welding gun voluntarily, therefore can obtain higher speed of welding and good weldquality.This device is easy to operate, with low cost, antijamming capability is better than aforementioned various electronic product.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the A-A view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the B-B view of Fig. 1.
Among the figure, 1, the welding gun stake body, 2, the horizontal tracing wheel support, 3, the horizontal tracing wheel, 4, the vertical tracking wheel support of steering-type, 5, vertical tracking wheel, 6, the welding gun adjuster, 7, the horizontal adjusting slide block, 8, vertical adjustment slide block, 9, welding gun pivot angle fixture block, 10, welding gun, 11, the workpiece web, 12, the workpiece panel, 13, rotor, 14, the cross bar that is slidingly connected, 15, horizontal mobile cylinder, 16, horizontal moving guide rail plate, 17, vertical riser guide plate, 18, vertical lift cylinder, 19, cross connecting plate, 20, vertical manual adjustment screw mandrel, 21, the lifting screw, 22, level is manually adjusted screw mandrel, 23, the translation screw, 24, vertical take-up housing.
The specific embodiment
See Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3.
Be equipped with on the welding gun stake body 1: horizontal tracing wheel support 2, horizontal tracing wheel 3, the vertical tracking wheel support 4 of steering-type, vertical tracking wheel 5, welding gun adjuster 6, horizontal adjusting slide block 7, vertical adjustment slide block 8, welding gun pivot angle fixture block 9, welding gun 10.
Two welding gun stake bodies 1 are along the contour positioned opposite in ⊥ type workpiece longitudinal axis web both sides, and welding gun stake body 1 upper end links to each other by rotor 13 and cross bar 14 lower ends that are slidingly connected, can be around the cross bar 14 center lines swing that is slidingly connected.
Vertical lift cylinder 18 and cross bar 14 upper ends that are slidingly connected are connected, under the pressure effect of vertical lift cylinder 18, can drive the cross parts such as welding gun stake body that bar 14 and lower end thereof connect that are slidingly connected and make vertical lifting moving along the guide rail on the vertical riser guide plate 17 together.
Horizontal mobile cylinder 15 is fixed on the cross connecting plate 19, cylinder rod links to each other with vertical riser guide plate 17, under horizontal mobile cylinder 15 pressure effects, can drive be slidingly connected parts such as welding gun stake body that bar 14 and lower end thereof connect of cross and move as horizontal cross along the guide rail on the horizontal moving guide rail plate 16 together.
Horizontal tracing wheel 3 can be with 1 motion of welding gun stake body by horizontal tracing wheel support 2, under the force action of the pressure of horizontal mobile cylinder 15 and lateral external forces, makes two horizontal tracings of each side of welding gun stake body 1 take turns 3 and is close on the workpiece web.The workpiece web is carried out the unsteady contact of air pressure follow the tracks of, clamp web, realize the horizontal tracing function of 10 pairs of welded part welding beads of welding gun in the contour symmetry of web bilateral.
Vertical tracking wheel 5 can rotate centering by wrapping gun stake body 1 vertical axle by the vertical tracking wheel support of steering-type.Vertical tracking wheel 5 carries out the unsteady contact of air pressure to the workpiece panel and follows the tracks of under the force action of the pressure of vertical lift cylinder 18, vertical external force, realizes the vertical following function of 10 pairs of welded part welding beads of welding gun.
Welding gun adjuster 6 is packed on the welding gun stake body by vertical take-up housing 24.Horizontal adjusting slide block 7 wherein links to each other with vertical adjustment slide block 8, and welding gun pivot angle fixture block 9 is housed in the horizontal adjusting slide block 7, and welding gun 10 is gripped by welding gun pivot angle fixture block 9.
Before the welding, the web 11 of welded piece founds into the ⊥ type for 12 groups with panel, and spot welding is proofreaied and correct and it is put rationally, that is: the web longitudinal axis is parallel as far as possible with equipment portal frame run trace.
Manually adjust by the vertical adjustment screw mandrel 20 in the Butt welding gun adjuster 6, change the vertical coordinate position of vertical adjustment slide block 8; By horizontal adjusting screw mandrel 22 is manually adjusted, change the horizontal coordinate position of horizontal adjusting slide block 7; Manually adjust by Butt welding gun pivot angle fixture block 9, change the angle coordinate position between welding gun 10 and the welding bead.
More than adjusting purpose is for before welding automatically, guarantees that the welding position and the soldering angle at welding gun 10 places meets welding process requirement, carries out from the prerequisite of motion tracking and prepares.
In sum, this device adopts horizontal, vertical air pressure control, and web, the panel by horizontal tracing wheel 3,5 pairs of ⊥ types of vertical tracking wheel welding work pieces carries out the air pressure contact of floating to be followed the tracks of, and has realized the automatic following function of 10 pairs of welded part welding beads of welding gun.

Claims (3)

1. the unsteady contact of air pressure is welded autotracker, comprise welding gun stake body, welding gun adjuster, horizontal tracing wheel, vertical tracking wheel, cross be slidingly connected bar, rotor, vertical lift cylinder, vertical riser guide plate, laterally moving guide rail plate, horizontal mobile cylinder and cross connecting plate constitute, it is characterized in that: welding gun adjuster, horizontal tracing wheel, vertical tracking wheel are installed on the welding gun stake body; The welding gun stake body is connected by rotor and the cross bar lower end that is slidingly connected, and the cross bar upper end that is slidingly connected is connected with vertical lift cylinder, and body part is slidingly connected with its guide rail and vertical guide rail plate, and vertical lift cylinder is fixed on the vertical riser guide plate; Vertical guide rail plate is slidingly connected by guide rail and cross slide way plate, and horizontal mobile cylinder is fixed on the cross connecting plate, and horizontal mobile cylinder rod links to each other with vertical guide rail plate.
2. the unsteady contact welding of air pressure according to claim 1 autotracker, it is characterized in that: described welding gun stake body is along each one group of the contour positioned opposite in workpiece longitudinal axis both sides, and on every assembly welding gun support body, be symmetry with welding gun stake body length center, arrange along workpiece longitudinal axis direction welding gun adjuster, horizontal tracing wheel, each two cover of vertical tracking wheel are installed.
3. the air pressure according to claim 1 contact welding autotracker that floats is characterized in that: described welding gun adjuster by vertical take-up housing, vertically adjust slide block, horizontal adjusting slide block and welding gun pivot angle fixture block and constitute; Vertical take-up housing is fixedly mounted on the welding gun stake body, vertical take-up housing is connected with lifting screw on being packed in vertical slide block by vertical manual adjustment screw mandrel, translation screw on vertical slide block is manually adjusted screw mandrel and is packed in cross sliding clock by level is connected, welding gun grips by the pivot angle fixture block, and pivot angle fixture block axle is installed on the cross sliding clock with the rotary pair form.
CN2009102174562A 2009-12-30 2009-12-30 Pneumatic floating contact type welding automatic tracking device Pending CN102114565A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009102174562A CN102114565A (en) 2009-12-30 2009-12-30 Pneumatic floating contact type welding automatic tracking device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009102174562A CN102114565A (en) 2009-12-30 2009-12-30 Pneumatic floating contact type welding automatic tracking device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102114565A true CN102114565A (en) 2011-07-06

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CN (1) CN102114565A (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102489909A (en) * 2011-11-14 2012-06-13 无锡汉神电气有限公司 Bilateral wheel profiling corner welding trolley device
CN102554414A (en) * 2012-03-26 2012-07-11 无锡华联科技集团有限公司 Welding gun tracking mechanism for bridge T-shaped steel in welding
CN104289793A (en) * 2014-09-22 2015-01-21 武汉纳瑞格智能设备有限公司 Self-adaptation tracking elastic force sensor used for welding groove
CN104384668A (en) * 2014-09-22 2015-03-04 武汉纳瑞格智能设备有限公司 Power driving-free three-dimensional adaptive centering device
CN105108400A (en) * 2015-08-18 2015-12-02 安徽长青电子机械(集团)有限公司 Welding device capable of synchronously performing multi-station welding
CN109014672A (en) * 2018-07-26 2018-12-18 河南工程学院 A kind of right angle welding seam track bi-directional tracking device and its tracking
CN112548275A (en) * 2020-12-08 2021-03-26 江南造船(集团)有限责任公司 Automatic welding equipment suitable for high-strength steel structure multi-pole longitudinal bone

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102489909A (en) * 2011-11-14 2012-06-13 无锡汉神电气有限公司 Bilateral wheel profiling corner welding trolley device
CN102554414A (en) * 2012-03-26 2012-07-11 无锡华联科技集团有限公司 Welding gun tracking mechanism for bridge T-shaped steel in welding
CN102554414B (en) * 2012-03-26 2013-12-04 无锡华联科技集团有限公司 Welding gun tracking mechanism for bridge T-shaped steel in welding
CN104289793A (en) * 2014-09-22 2015-01-21 武汉纳瑞格智能设备有限公司 Self-adaptation tracking elastic force sensor used for welding groove
CN104384668A (en) * 2014-09-22 2015-03-04 武汉纳瑞格智能设备有限公司 Power driving-free three-dimensional adaptive centering device
CN104289793B (en) * 2014-09-22 2016-06-29 武汉纳瑞格智能设备有限公司 Adaptive tracing elastic sensor for bevel for welding
CN105108400A (en) * 2015-08-18 2015-12-02 安徽长青电子机械(集团)有限公司 Welding device capable of synchronously performing multi-station welding
CN109014672A (en) * 2018-07-26 2018-12-18 河南工程学院 A kind of right angle welding seam track bi-directional tracking device and its tracking
CN112548275A (en) * 2020-12-08 2021-03-26 江南造船(集团)有限责任公司 Automatic welding equipment suitable for high-strength steel structure multi-pole longitudinal bone
CN112548275B (en) * 2020-12-08 2022-07-05 江南造船(集团)有限责任公司 Automatic welding equipment suitable for high-strength steel structure multi-pole longitudinal bone

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Application publication date: 20110706