CN102110336B - Deaf-mute doorbell additional device - Google Patents

Deaf-mute doorbell additional device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102110336B
CN102110336B CN 201110047366 CN201110047366A CN102110336B CN 102110336 B CN102110336 B CN 102110336B CN 201110047366 CN201110047366 CN 201110047366 CN 201110047366 A CN201110047366 A CN 201110047366A CN 102110336 B CN102110336 B CN 102110336B
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doorbell
deaf
connected
circuit
photocoupler
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CN 201110047366
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102110336A (en )
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黄勇
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黄勇
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Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of electronic control, relates to a deaf-mute doorbell additional device. The device consists of an ordinary doorbell interface circuit, a photoelectric coupler G1, a photoelectric signal amplifying circuit, a bidirectional triode thyristor BT, a trigger circuit, an incandescent light bulb HL and a mains supply power source (AC) and is characterized inthat: the two ends of an audio output piezoelectric ceramic chip in an ordinary doorbell are connected with the input end of the photoelectric coupler G1; and the receiving end of the photoelectric coupler G1 is connected with the photoelectric signal amplifying circuit. For a deaf disabled person, a deaf master can difficultly respond to sound emitted by the ordinary doorbell in time when a guest pays a visit. According to the characteristic that a deaf-mute person suffers from dysaudia, a control circuit with the incandescent light bulb which twinkles along with the sounding rhythm of the doorbell is arranged on the ordinary doorbell, so that the deaf-mute person can easily perceive. In the device, a simple interface is arranged on the shell of the ordinary doorbell, and a set of circuit for controlling the twinkling of the incandescent light bulb is also arranged additionally.

Description

聋哑门铃的附加装置 Additional means deaf doorbell

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明属于电子控制技术领域,涉及一种聋哑门铃的附加装置。 [0001] The present invention pertains to the field of electronic control technology attachment means, to a deaf doorbell.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]目前,全国耳朵失聪的聋哑人大约有400多万人。 [0002] Currently, the national deaf ears deaf about 400 million people. 针对失聪的残疾人来说,当有客人拜访时,普通门铃发出音响很难让失聪的主人及时作出反应。 For deaf people with disabilities, When guests visit, ordinary doorbell audible difficult for deaf owner of a timely response. 那么研究、设计和制作一种无障碍适合聋哑人使用的门铃就显得非常有必要。 So research, design and production of one kind of accessibility for deaf people to use the doorbell is very necessary.

[0003] 由于聋哑人听力存在障碍,在家中对门外的客人来访普通门铃很难察觉。 [0003] Due to the presence of obstacles deaf hearing, at home against the visiting guests outside the ordinary doorbell difficult to detect. 根据听力存在障碍人的共同特点,拟在普通门铃上加装一套容易被聋哑人眼睛容易察觉的控制电路,利用白炽灯泡闪烁的方式是一种较好的解决方案,就是在普通门铃外壳上增加一个简单接口,再附加能够让白炽灯泡点亮或闪烁的控制电路。 The common characteristics of human hearing obstacles, to be installed on an ordinary door easily perceive the deaf eye easily control circuit by flashing of the incandescent bulb is a better solution, that is, in the general housing doorbell an increase of a simple interface that allows an incandescent bulb and then additional lighting or flashing control circuit.

[0004] 为有效解决这方面的技术问题,在不改变原有普通门铃电路和结构的基础上,经过多种方案试验、分析和比较,用少量分立元器件实现了预期目的。 [0004] To effectively solve the technical problem in this regard, in general, without changing the structure of the doorbell circuit and, through a variety of test programs, analyzed and compared with a few discrete components to achieve the intended purpose.

[0005] 本发明所述的这种聋哑门铃的附加装置主要有下述多种实际用途,以下详细说明这种聋哑门铃的附加装置制作的相关技术。 Such attachment means of the deaf door [0005] The present invention has the following many practical purposes, the following detailed description of the related art of making such attachment deaf doorbell.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0006] 发明目的及有益效果 [0006] The object of the invention and advantageous effects

[0007] 针对失聪的残疾人来说,当有客人拜访时普通门铃发出音响很难让失聪的主人及时作出反应。 [0007] For deaf people with disabilities, When guests visit ordinary doorbell audible difficult for deaf owner of a timely response. 根据聋哑人听力存在障碍的特点,在普通门铃上加装一种随门铃发声节奏闪烁的白炽灯泡,使聋哑人的眼睛很容易察觉的灯光控制电路。 The deaf hearing characteristics of obstacles in the installation of one kind of common doorbell with bell sound rhythm flashing incandescent light bulbs, so easy to detect deaf eyes lighting control circuit. 具体就是在普通门铃外壳上增加一个简单接口,再附加一套控制白炽灯泡闪烁的电路。 In particular interface is to add a simple ordinary bell housing, then an additional set of incandescent bulbs flashing control circuit.

[0008] 技术特征:聋哑门铃的附加装置,由普通门铃接口电路、光电耦合器G1、光电信号放大电路、双向可控硅BT及触发电路、白炽灯泡HL、市电电源(AC)组成,其特征是:普通门铃中的音频输出压电陶瓷片的两端接在光电耦合器Gl的输入端,光电耦合器Gl的接收端接有光电信号放大电路。 [0008] Technical features: attachment deaf doorbell, the interface circuit from a common doorbell, photocoupler G1, photoelectrical signal amplifying circuit, and a triac trigger circuit BT, incandescent bulbs HL, mains power (AC) composition, characterized in that: both ends of the common doorbell audio output of the piezoelectric ceramic sheet is connected to the input terminal of the photocoupler Gl, Gl photocoupler receiving end of the photoelectric signal amplification circuit.

[0009] 其他部分电路中元器件相互之间的连接关系 [0009] The connection relationships between each other components of the circuit section

[0010] I.普通门铃接口电路:由普通门铃电解电容Cl、光电耦合器Gl的输入端组成,其特征是:普通门铃中的压电陶瓷片的一端接电解电容Cl的正极,电解电容Cl的负极接光电耦合器Gl的I脚,普通门铃中的压电陶瓷片的另一端接光电耦合器Gl的2脚。 [0010] I. common doorbell interface circuit: a common doorbell electrolytic capacitor Cl, the input terminal of the photocoupler Gl composition, characterized in that: one end of an electrolytic capacitor Cl common doorbell piezoelectric ceramic sheet, electrolytic capacitors Cl the negative pole of the photocoupler Gl I foot, the other end of the photocoupler Gl 2 feet doorbell piezoelectric ceramics in general.

[0011] 2.光电信号放大电路:由光电耦合器Gl的接收端、电阻Rl、PNP型晶体管BGl、i阻R2、电解电容C2、硅整流二极管Dl组成,光电耦合器Gl的5脚串接电阻Rl后接PNP型晶体管BGl的基极,PNP型晶体管BGl的集电极串接电阻R2后接电解电容C2极,电解电容C2的负极同接光电耦合器Gl的4脚和市电电源的零线端(N),PNP型晶体管BGl的发射极接整流二极管Dl的负极。 [0011] 2. Optical signal amplifier circuit: receives from the terminal Gl of the photocoupler, a resistance Rl, PNP type transistor BGl, i resistance R2, the electrolytic capacitor C2, a composition rectifier diodes Dl, Gl photocoupler 5 feet series BGl connected PNP transistor base, the collector of the PNP transistor series resistor R2 is connected to the electrolytic capacitor C2 BGl the resistors Rl electrode, a negative electrode connected with the photocoupler Gl electrolytic capacitor C2 is 4 feet and mains zero line side (N), the emitter of the PNP transistor BGl electrode connected to the negative rectifying diode Dl.

[0012] 3.双向可控硅BT及其触发电路:由双向可控硅BT、电阻R3、白炽灯泡HL和市电电源(AC)组成,其特征是:双向可控硅BT的控制极(G)串接电阻R3后接电解电容C2的正极,双向可控硅(BT)的第一阳极(Tl)串接白炽灯泡HL后接市电电源的火线端(L),双向可控硅BT的第二阳极(T2)接市电电源的零线端(N)。 [0012] 3. The trigger circuit and the triac BT: a triac BT, resistor R3, a incandescent bulbs and HL mains power (AC) composition, characterized in that: BT triac control electrode ( G) connected to the positive electrode of the electrolytic capacitor C2 via a resistor R3, the triac (BT) of the first anode (Tl) after the incandescent bulbs connected in series HL hot terminal (L) connected to the mains supply, the triac BT a second anode (T2) connected to the mains neutral terminal (N).

[0013] 工作原理:普通门铃外面的接口电路如附图所示。 [0013] Principle: common doorbell outside interface circuit as shown in FIG. 门铃可采用普通音乐或“叮咚”电子门铃。 Music can be an ordinary doorbell or "ding-dong" doorbell electronic. 当有客人来访时,按动按钮开关AN时,则门铃中压电陶瓷片会发声,此时音频电压通过箭头经电解电容Cl输入至光电耦合器Gl,光电耦合器Gl的光电三极管会导通,于是晶体管BGl亦导通,随之电解电容C2通过晶体管BGl的集电极、电阻R2后,对电解电容C2进行充电,电解电容C2两端的电压逐渐上升,当电解电容C2上升电压达到双向可控硅BT的触发电压值时,则双向可控硅BT触发导通使白炽灯泡HL得电点亮,并且白炽灯泡HL随着门铃发声的强度和节奏而闪烁。 When a visitor, when the push button switch AN, then the door will sound in the piezoelectric ceramic plate, this time by an arrow via an audio electrolytic capacitor voltage input to the photocoupler Cl Gl, Gl photocoupler phototransistor will be turned , then transistor BGl also turned on, whereupon the electrolytic capacitor C2, the resistors R2, electrolytic capacitor C2 is charged by the collector of the transistor BGl, the voltage across the electrolytic capacitor C2 is gradually increased, the electrolytic capacitor C2 when the rising voltage reaches the bidirectional controlled when the trigger voltage of the silicon BT, BT trigger the triac is turned on so that the electric incandescent lamp is lit to give HL, and HL incandescent bulbs with bell sound intensity and rhythm flicker. 由于双向可控硅BT导通后,电解电容C2经电阻R3通过双向可控娃BT的控制极(G)放电有一定的时间。 Since the triac BT is turned, the electrolytic capacitor C2 via resistor R3 (G) discharge a certain time via the control electrode of the bidirectional controlled doll BT. 因此,双向可控娃BT导通会延时、持续一定的时间,在电解电容C2放电完毕后,双向可控硅BT将过零截止,并切断白炽灯泡HL上的市电电源,电路进入无功耗待机状态,等待下次双向可控硅BT的触发。 Thus, two-way controllable conduction baby BT will be delayed for a certain time, after the electrolytic capacitor C2 is discharged, the zero-crossing triac BT cut, and cut off the incandescent bulbs HL mains supply, into the non-circuit power standby state, waiting for the next trigger triac BT.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0014] 附图是聋哑门铃的附加装置的电路工作原理图。 [0014] The figures are schematic circuit attachment deaf doorbell.

[0015] 附图中的L、N符号分别表示市电电源(AC)的火线端、市电电源(AC)的零线端。 [0015] drawings L, N symbols are represented mains power (AC) of the hot terminal mains power (AC) side of the zero line.

[0016] 附图中的普通门铃应选用发声元件为压电陶瓷片的成品门铃。 [0016] figures of ordinary doorbell sound should be used as a piezoelectric ceramic element of the finished door.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0017] 按照附图所示聋哑门铃的附加装置的电路工作原理图和附图说明及以下所述的元器件的技术要求进行实施,即可实现本发明。 [0017] carried out in accordance with the circuit diagram of the attachment means and the deaf door BRIEF DESCRIPTION technical requirements and according to the following components shown in the drawings, the present invention can be realized.

[0018] 元器件的选择及其技术参数 [0018] The choice of components and their technical parameters

[0019] Gl为三级管型光电耦合器,型号选用4N25或4N26,引脚为5脚; [0019] Gl is a three tube type photocoupler device is selected or 4N26 4N25, pin 5 feet;

[0020] Dl选用1N4004型硅整流二极管; [0020] Dl selected 1N4004 type silicon rectifier diodes;

[0021] BGl选用PNP型2N5401晶体管,封装类型T0-92,电流放大倍数彡200 ; [0021] BGl selected type 2N5401 PNP transistor, T0-92 type package, 200 San current amplification factor;

[0022] BT为双向可控硅,型号为MLR100-6或BT169D,电压、电流参数是1A/400V ; [0022] BT is a triac, or BT169D MLR100-6 model, voltage and current parameters 1A / 400V;

[0023] 电阻选用1/4W金属膜电阻或碳膜电阻,电阻R1、R3的阻值均为12ΚΩ,电阻R2的阻值为11^、功率2评; [0023] Resistance select 1 / 4W carbon film resistors or metal film resistors, resistors R1, R3 are resistance 12ΚΩ, the resistance of the resistor R2 is 11 ^ 2 Review power;

[0024] Cl为电解电容,容量为220 μ F/16V。 [0024] Cl is an electrolytic capacitor, a capacity of 220 μ F / 16V. C2为电解电容,容量为100 μ F/160V ; C2 is an electrolytic capacitor, a capacity of 100 μ F / 160V;

[0025] HL为白炽灯泡,功率为15〜60W/220V ; [0025] HL incandescent bulbs, power 15~60W / 220V;

[0026] 电路工作原理图中的门铃应选用发声元件为压电陶瓷片的成品门铃,要求成品门铃中压电陶瓷片两端的音频输出电压> 3V。 [0026] The circuit diagram of the bell sound should be used as the finished door element of piezoelectric ceramics, the audio output requirements of the finished door voltage across the piezoelectric ceramic sheet> 3V.

[0027] 制作要点及电路调试 [0027] Production points and circuit debugging

[0028] 可将聋哑门铃的附加装置控制电路输入端制作成为插头,成品门铃中压电陶瓷片的两端接装I只插座,两者的连接采取插接方式,这样组合起来安装、使用会更加方便。 [0028] Additional devices may be deaf doorbell control circuit input plug production becomes, the ends of the piezoelectric ceramic sheet finished door tipping I only socket plug connector taken both ways, so that in combination the installation, use It will be more convenient.

[0029] 聋哑门铃的附加装置电路只要是选用的电子元器件性能完好,按照说明书附图和元器件的连接关系进行焊接,物理连接线及焊接质量经过仔细检查无误后,电路基本不需要调试即可正常工作。 [0029] Additional means deaf doorbell circuit is intact as long as the properties of selected electronic components, soldering, welding quality and the physical connection lines after careful check and correct, the basic need to debug the circuit connection relationship according to the accompanying drawings and components to work properly. [0030] 电路工作原理图中的门铃应选用发声元件为压电陶瓷片的那种成品门铃。 [0030] The circuit diagram of the door that should be used as the finished bell sounding piezoelectric ceramic element. 当成品门铃中压电陶瓷片两端的音频输出电压远大于3V时,可在电解电容Cl的任意一端串接I只阻值在100 Ω〜510Ω的电阻进行降压。 When the audio output voltage across the piezoelectric ceramic in the finished door is much greater than 3V, the resistance can only be connected in series I 100 Ω~510Ω down resistor at either end of the electrolytic capacitor Cl.

[0031] 若白炽灯泡(HL)闪烁的亮度不足,可以适当减少电阻R3的阻值,但电阻R3的阻值不得小于为6. 2ΚΩ。 [0031] When the incandescent lamp (HL) Flashing brightness can appropriately reduce the resistance of the resistor R3, but the resistance of the resistor R3 is not less than 6. 2ΚΩ.

[0032] 电解电容C2通过双向可控硅BT控制极放电会延时、持续一定的时间,电解电容C2的容量越大白炽灯泡HL闪烁的频率越低,闪烁持续的时间就越长,制作中可根据用户实际 [0032] The electrolytic capacitor C2 through the gate discharge triac BT will be delayed for a certain time, the larger capacity electrolytic capacitor C2 incandescent bulbs HL lower flicker frequency, flicker duration longer, making the according to the actual user

需要进行调整。 We need to be adjusted.

Claims (1)

  1. 1. 一种聋哑门铃的附加装置,它由普通门铃接口电路、光电耦合器G1、光电信号放大电路、双向可控硅BT及触发电路、白炽灯泡HL、市电电源(AC)组成,其特征是: 普通门铃接口电路由普通门铃、电解电容Cl、光电耦合器Gl的输入端组成,光电耦合器Gl选用的型号为4N25或4N26,普通门铃中的压电陶瓷片的一端接电解电容Cl的正极,电解电容Cl的负极接光电耦合器Gl的第I脚,普通门铃中的压电陶瓷片的另一端接光电耦合器Gl的第2脚; 光电信号放大电路由光电耦合器Gl的接收端、电阻Rl、PNP型晶体管BGl、电阻R2、电解电容C2、硅整流二极管Dl组成,光电耦合器Gl的第5脚串接电阻Rl后接PNP型晶体管BGl的基极,PNP型晶体管BGl的集电极串接电阻R2后接电解电容C2正极,电解电容C2的负极接光电耦合器Gl的第4脚和市电电源(AC)的零线端(N),PNP型晶体管BGl的发射极接整流二 An additional means deaf door, which by a common doorbell interface circuit, a photocoupler G1, photoelectrical signal amplifying circuit, and a triac trigger circuit BT, incandescent bulbs HL, mains power (AC), whose characterized in that: the interface circuit from a common doorbell common doorbell, electrolytic capacitor Cl, the input terminal of the photocoupler composed Gl, Gl photocoupler selected model or 4N26 4N25, one end of the piezoelectric ceramic sheet electrolytic capacitor Cl in common doorbell Gl photocoupler other end of the positive electrode pin 2, the electrolytic capacitor Cl is connected to the anode of the photocoupler Gl I feet ordinary doorbell piezoelectric ceramic sheet; photo signal by the amplification circuit Gl reception photocoupler terminal resistors Rl, BGl PNP transistors, resistors R2, electrolytic capacitors C2, Dl composed of rectifier diodes, connected to the base of PNP transistor BGl after 5 feet optocoupler series resistor Rl Gl poles, the PNP transistor BGl the collector of the emitter resistor R2 connected in series of an electrolytic capacitor C2, the negative pole of the photocoupler Gl pin 4 and the electrolytic capacitor C2 mains current (AC) side of the zero line (N), PNP type transistor connected to the source BGl rectifier 极管Dl的负极,整流二极管Dl的正极接市电电源(AC)的火线端(L); 双向可控硅BT及其触发电路中的双向可控硅BT的控制极(G)串接电阻R3后接电解电容C2的正极,双向可控硅BT的第一阳极(Tl)串接白炽灯泡HL后接市电电源(AC)的火线端(L),双向可控硅BT的第二阳极(T2)接市电电源(AC)的零线端(N)。 Diode Dl anode, a cathode connected to the rectifier diode Dl mains power (AC) is the hot terminal (L); and BT triac trigger control circuit of the triac BT electrode (G) via a resistor R3 cathode electrolytic capacitor C2 is followed, the triac BT first anode (Tl) after the incandescent bulbs connected in series HL hot terminal (L) connected to mains power (AC), the anode of the second triac BT is (T2) connected to mains power (AC) side of the zero line (N).
CN 201110047366 2011-02-28 2011-02-28 Deaf-mute doorbell additional device CN102110336B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102496227A (en) * 2011-12-08 2012-06-13 朱虹 Doorbell auxiliary device for deaf-mute

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3786628A (en) 1971-04-30 1974-01-22 H Fossard Warning system and method
CN201111654Y (en) 2007-09-19 2008-09-10 高子泉 Electronic doorbell with flashing light
CN201251818Y (en) 2008-09-05 2009-06-03 姜士军 Additional deaf person call circuit of doorbell
CN201946072U (en) 2011-02-28 2011-08-24 黄勇 Additional device of doorbell for deaf-mute

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3786628A (en) 1971-04-30 1974-01-22 H Fossard Warning system and method
CN201111654Y (en) 2007-09-19 2008-09-10 高子泉 Electronic doorbell with flashing light
CN201251818Y (en) 2008-09-05 2009-06-03 姜士军 Additional deaf person call circuit of doorbell
CN201946072U (en) 2011-02-28 2011-08-24 黄勇 Additional device of doorbell for deaf-mute

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