The arrangement of clutch of electronic lock
The present invention divides the fixed buildings section that belongs to by International Patent Classification (IPC) (IPC), building branch, lock, key, door and window part, the large class of strongbox, lock, its annex, handcuffss group, lock technical group field with on-mechanical means manipulation or control, more particularly, be aimed at a kind of improvement of arrangement of clutch structure of electronic lock.
At present, the door lock of selling on the market roughly can be divided into two kinds, i.e. mechanical lock and electronic lock.So-called mechanical lock refers to be mechanical connection between each interior assembly of whole lock body that this class door lock is widely used in life; Wherein, the common structure of the unlocking apparatus of mechanical lock is the shifting block that comprises between interior plectrum, outer plectrum and the inside and outside plectrum; Although mechanical lock does not need energising, the shortcoming of its existence is poor stability, is mainly manifested in the key of opening mechanical lock and is easy to copy.Therefore, existing mechanical lock does not still satisfy people's needs of life, demands urgently improving.
Summary of the invention:
The present invention is exactly for the problems referred to above, overcomes the deficiency that prior art exists, and a kind of arrangement of clutch of electronic lock is provided; Electronic lock with this arrangement of clutch is not only simple in structure, safe and reliable, namely must have in the situation of authority, just can unblank from inside and outside; And, for a large amount of mechanical locks that use in the life, utilize this arrangement of clutch to be easy to be transformed into the electromagnetic type electronic lock.
For reaching above-mentioned purpose of the present invention, the present invention adopts following technical scheme, the present invention includes outer plectrum, outer shifting block, interior shifting block, interior plectrum, be followed successively by outer shifting block, interior shifting block and interior plectrum on the outer plectrum, its structural feature is that the center of described outer shifting block is provided with the cylinder with the handle through hole, the side of outer shifting block is provided with an outer rib, the groove that is positioned on an outer rib and the outer shifting block is domatic in the direction that clockwise rotates of groove, and the outer pin block of outer rib below is corresponding to the exterior bayonet slot of described outer plectrum; Put through in the described interior shifting block center on the cylinder that the hole is arranged on outer shifting block, be respectively an interior rib, interior two ribs and interior triangular on the clockwise direction of the side of interior shifting block, snap in the cylindrical groove of interior triangular below is corresponding to described groove, the interior pin block of the top of interior triangular is arranged in the inner card cage of described interior plectrum, and the side of interior triangular is provided with the limited post corresponding to interior triangular; Be provided with the gap between outer shifting block and the interior shifting block, be provided with the conductive sheet by solenoid actuated in the gap.
Adopted the lock body of said structure arrangement of clutch, the safety that has improved lock body namely only has in the situation of authority, can unblank from inside and outside, and is safe and reliable; In addition, this arrangement of clutch member is few, so it is simple in structure, and is easy to processing; More advantageously, the unlocking mechanism volume that it and existing machinery are locked is more or less the same, and has also utilized the remaining space in the existing machinery lock lock body, so, be very suitable for transforming existing mechanical lock.
A described outer rib be used to stirring the dead bolt connecting rod is fan-shaped, and the side of shifting block also is provided with outer two ribs outside.Described groove is positioned at a side at the right angle of adjacent outer two ribs on an outer rib and the outer shifting block, and the domatic gradient of groove is 36 °; Make snap be easier to shift out groove.
As a kind of improvement of the present invention, described conductive sheet is the sickle shaped conductive sheet corresponding to shifting block inside and outside the gap, and the thickness of conductive sheet is less than the gap between outer shifting block and the interior shifting block.
Cylinder top around described outer shifting block is provided with annular groove, is provided with collar at annular groove, in order to limit outer shifting block, the movement of interior shifting block between lock body and collar.
Described snap is identical with the cylindrical groove height of interior triangular below, and snap has the cylinder of spring in being, its top has chamfering; This chamfering is 45 °, and height should be greater than the gap between outer shifting block and the interior shifting block and the difference in height of conductive sheet.Prevent from the situation of lack of competence, unblanking by force, rotate outer shifting block, even snap falls in the groove of outer shifting block, also can shift out groove by the domatic snap that makes of groove, interior shifting block, outer shifting block can not be connected; Therefore, can not unblank.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the A-A sectional view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is split schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 4-1,4-2,4-3,4-4 are respectively upward view, elevation, top view and the stereograms of the outer shifting block of the present invention;
Fig. 5-1,5-2,5-3,5-4 are respectively upward view, elevation, top view and the stereograms of shifting block in the present invention;
Fig. 6-1,6-2 are respectively structural representation and the split figure of snap of the present invention;
Fig. 7-1,7-2,7-3,7-4 are respectively upward view, elevation, top view and the split figure of conductive sheet of the present invention;
1 is right from locking plate in the accompanying drawing, 2 is left from locking plate, 3 is right groove, 4 is middle slot, 5 is upper from locking plate, 6 is interior shifting block, 601 is cylindrical groove, 602 put through the hole in being, 603 is an interior rib, 604 is interior two ribs, 605 is interior triangular, 606 is interior pin block, 7 is outer shifting block, 701 is the handle through hole, 702 is an outer rib, 703 is groove, 704 is outer two ribs, 705 is annular groove, 706 is outer pin block, 707 is cylinder, 708 is domatic, 8 is conductive sheet, 801 is plectrum, 802 is axle, 9 is lock body, 10 is electromagnet, 11 is interior plectrum, 12 is inner card cage, 13 is the dead bolt connecting rod, 14 is collar, 15 is dead bolt, 16 is left groove, 17 is pin, 18 is interior handle hole, 19 is snap, 1901 is spring, 1902 is chamfering, 1903 is the chamber, 20 is outer handle hole, 21 is outer plectrum, 22 is exterior bayonet slot, 23 is limited post, 24 is the gap.
The specific embodiment:
The present invention includes outer plectrum 21, outer shifting block 7, interior shifting block 6, interior plectrum 11, be followed successively by outer shifting block 7, interior shifting block 6 and interior plectrum 11 on the outer plectrum 21, the center of described outer shifting block 7 is provided with the cylinder 707 with handle through hole 701, the side of outer shifting block 7 is provided with an outer rib 702, be positioned on an outer rib 702 and the outer shifting block 7 groove 703 groove 703 clockwise rotate direction for domatic 708, the outer pin block 706 of an outer rib 702 belows is corresponding to the exterior bayonet slot 22 of described outer plectrum 21; Put through in described interior shifting block 6 centers on the cylinder 707 that hole 602 is arranged on outer shifting block 7, be respectively an interior rib 603, interior two ribs 604 and interior triangular 605 on the clockwise direction of the side of interior shifting block 6, snap 19 in the cylindrical groove 601 of interior triangular 605 belows is corresponding to described groove 703, the interior pin block 606 of the top of interior triangular 605 is arranged in the inner card cage 12 of described interior plectrum 11, and the side of interior triangular 605 is provided with the limited post 23 corresponding to interior triangular 605; Be provided with gap 24 between outer shifting block 7 and the interior shifting block 6, be provided with the conductive sheet 8 that drives by electromagnet 10 in the gap 24.
The present invention is further detailed explanation below in conjunction with accompanying drawing:
By Fig. 1-3 as can be known, the electronic lock of using arrangement of clutch of the present invention comprises lock body 9, dead bolt 15, the dead bolt connecting rod 13 that is connected with dead bolt 15 axles, and with dead bolt 15 link to each other from the left side of locking plate mechanism from locking plate 2, formed the left left groove 16 of U-shaped, middle slot 4 and the right groove 3 of right-angled trapezium of in locking plate 2, being provided with from locking plate 1 from locking plate 2 and the right side from locking plate 5, a left side by upper from locking plate mechanism.Lock body 9 tops are provided with electromagnet 10, be disposed with outer plectrum 21, outer shifting block 7 between the outer handle hole 20 of electromagnet 10 belows and the interior handle hole 18, overlap on the cylinder 707 at shifting block 7 centers outside can with outer shifting block 7 in relative rotation in shifting block 6, interior plectrum 11.The side of lock body 9 internal upper parts is provided with axle 802, and an end of the conductive sheet 8 on the axle 802 joins with electromagnet 10, and the conductive sheet 8 falculate other ends just are stuck in the edge of the outer shifting block 7 in the gap 24 in consistent manner.Being fixed with in the restriction triangular 605 in the lock body 9 of electromagnet 10 belows rotates counterclockwise and touches the limited post 23 of dead bolt connecting rod 13, when shutting, shifting block 6 rotates in the restriction, the position of also having limited snap 19 simultaneously, make it when unblanking, can enter smoothly in the groove 703 of outer shifting block 7.
Handle through hole 701 in outer shifting block 7 cylinders 707 as shown in Figure 4 is square, and runs through outer shifting block 7.Groove 703 overlooks as U-shaped, analyse and observe and be right-angled trapezium; Groove 703 half be positioned on an outer rib 702 right sides, half is positioned on the outer shifting block 7, and the side at the right angle of adjacent outer two ribs 704; One side of groove 703 is vertical rib, and a side that is positioned at an outer rib 702 edges, close outer two ribs 704 right angles is domatic 708; In addition, groove 703 be positioned at outer pin block 706 directly over.When unblanking, vertical rib better is stuck in the cylindrical groove 601 snap 19, makes outer shifting block 7, interior shifting block 6 clockwise rotate together; When shutting, outer shifting block 7, interior shifting block 6 rotate counterclockwise simultaneously, and after interior triangular 605 was run into limited post 23, outer shifting block 7 continued to rotate counterclockwise, snap 19 in the interior shifting block 6 below cylindrical grooves 601 is shifted out along domatic 708, namely in shifting block 6 separate with outer shifting block 7.
Put through hole 602 in interior shifting block 6 centers as shown in Figure 5 and run through interior shifting block 6, interior shifting block 6 can be overlapped on the cylinder 707 of shifting block 7 outside, the height that interior shifting block 6 is enclosed within on the cylinder 707 should be less than the height of cylinder 707.Interior pin block 606 be positioned at cylindrical groove 601 directly over.One side of an interior rib 603 is the right angle, and opposite side has the tip, and this tip can make an interior rib 603 when clockwise rotating, and stirs from locking plate 5, thereby drives self-locking mechanism.
Top perimeter as shown in Figure 6 has the snap 19 of chamfering 1902, and cylindrical groove 601, top that its bottom is positioned at shifting block 6 are equal with the lower plane of shifting block 6; Be spring 1901 in the cylinder chamber 1903 in the cylinder of snap 19.
Conductive sheet 8 as shown in Figure 7 be by two be fixed together, mutually rectangular plectrum 801 consists of, a side of one of them plectrum 801 is sickle shaped; Two plectrums 801 are arranged on the axle 802 of lock body 9 inside fronts.
Inside and outside handle shuts:
On lift interior handle or outer handle, outer shifting block 7 is rotated counterclockwise, an outer rib 702 of outer shifting block 7 presses dead bolt connecting rod 13, at this moment, pin 17 on the dead bolt 15 is moved in the left groove 16 of U-shaped by the middle slot 4 of a left side from the right groove 3 process right-angled trapezium of locking plate 2 right-angled trapezium, dead bolt 15 levels are stretched out lock body 9, completely shut.
Inside and outside handle is unblanked:
Having in the situation of authority, electromagnet 10 energisings on the lock body 9 promote conductive sheet 8, and conductive sheet 8 is left from the gap 24 between outer shifting block 7 and the interior shifting block 6; Then, press down interior handle or outer handle, outer shifting block 7 is clockwise rotated, then, the snap 19 in the cylindrical groove 601 of interior shifting block 6 belows falls in the groove 703 of outer shifting block 7, by snap 19 outer shifting block 7 is connected with interior shifting block 6; Along with clockwise rotating of interior handle or outer handle, an interior rib 603 of interior shifting block 6 is stirred clockwise from locking plate 5, make from locking plate 5 rotate counterclockwise upwards collude right from locking plate 1, and the right side is moved on locking plate 2 from locking plate 1 a drive left side, and then the pin 17 on the dead bolt 15 is moved in the right groove 3 through middle slot 4 by the left groove 16 of a left side from locking plate 2, meanwhile interior two ribs 604 of interior shifting block 6 clockwise rotate and stir dead bolt connecting rod 13, and dead bolt 15 levels are moved in the lock body 9, finish and unblank.
Be with being appreciated that, more than about specific descriptions of the present invention, only for the present invention being described and being not to be subject to the described technical scheme of the embodiment of the invention, those of ordinary skill in the art is to be understood that, still can make amendment or be equal to replacement the present invention, to reach identical technique effect; Use needs as long as satisfy, all within protection scope of the present invention.