CN102107255A - Die forging forming method of basin-shaped blank - Google Patents

Die forging forming method of basin-shaped blank Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN102107255A
CN102107255A CN 201010596139 CN201010596139A CN102107255A CN 102107255 A CN102107255 A CN 102107255A CN 201010596139 CN201010596139 CN 201010596139 CN 201010596139 A CN201010596139 A CN 201010596139A CN 102107255 A CN102107255 A CN 102107255A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
blank
former
shaping
forging
forming
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN 201010596139
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN102107255B (en
Inventor
蔡梅
臧德昌
马拴柱
薛玉丽
金悦
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shenyang Liming Aero Engine Group Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Shenyang Liming Aero Engine Group Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shenyang Liming Aero Engine Group Co Ltd filed Critical Shenyang Liming Aero Engine Group Co Ltd
Priority to CN2010105961399A priority Critical patent/CN102107255B/en
Publication of CN102107255A publication Critical patent/CN102107255A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102107255B publication Critical patent/CN102107255B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The invention relates to a die forging forming method of a basin-shaped blank, belonging to the field of plastic molding. The method is characterized by comprising the following steps: preheating a female forming die to 200-300 DEG C; clamping the female die to the anvil surface of a forging hammer by utilizing an operating machine; taking out a bar material heated to the forming temperature from a heating furnace and putting the bar material in the female die; hammering the bar material to upset the bar material to be in the shape of a blank and to fill the die cavity of the female die; and aligning the center of a indenting punch head with the center of the formed blank to indent; and finally hammering the forming punch head to reversely extrude the blank to fill the die cavity of the female die; overturning for 180 degrees; and slightly striking the female die to take out the forge piece. The bar material is stainless steel, aluminum alloy or titanium alloy. The method has the characteristics of simple mould structure, convenience for manufacturing, short period, low cost and the like; and compared with free forging, the method provided by the invention has the advantages that the forming quality is good, the precision of the forge piece is high, the production efficiency is high, the forge piece is approximate to the outline of the part, the process redundancy is small, and the material utilization rate is high.

Description

A kind of method of basin shape part blank loose tooling forging moulding
Affiliated field
The method of a kind of basin shape of the present invention part blank moulding is specially a kind of basin shape part blank loose tooling forging forming method, belongs to the Plastic Forming field.
Background technology
Basin shape part mainly contains two kinds by the method for forging and molding at present: a kind of is that open die forging is shaped, it is open die forging annular forging piece base, because it only uses upper and lower anvil piece and some simple general utility tools on the forging equipment, have simple to operate, technological flexibility is big, the shaping characteristic that waits with short production cycle is applicable to little in batches forging production.Shortcoming is that allowance is big, and forging tolerance is big, and precision is low, and the production efficiency of forging is low, and labour intensity is big, and the stock utilization of part is on the low side.Another is a die-forging forming, makes the blank distortion obtain the forging method of required size forging by particular manufacturing craft (forging die) on forging equipment exactly.Because the appearance and size of basin shape part is generally bigger, adopt the tonnage of die-forging forming equipment needed thereby big, die manufacturing cycle is long, the cost height of forging die, investment is big, only is applicable in batch to produce.
Summary of the invention
At the problems referred to above, the invention provides a kind of a kind of cambic forging method between die forging and open die forging.Specifically may further comprise the steps:
(1) shaping female mold is preheating to 200 ℃~300 ℃, place on the anvil face of forging hammer with the machine of manipulation clamping former, to be heated to forming temperature (the forming temperature difference of different materials, as stainless steel material about 1150 ℃~1180 ℃, the forming temperature of titanium alloy is usually between 940 ℃~960 ℃, and aluminium alloy is about 460 ℃~480 ℃) bar from heating furnace, take out and be placed in the former, and the center of bar and the center of former are aligned, as shown in Figure 1;
(2) the hammering bar makes it jumping-up and is formed into blank shape and is full of cavity impression, as shown in Figure 2, overturns 180 ° and touches former, and shaping blank is come off from former, and shaping blank melts down heating again;
(3) shaping female mold is preheating to 200 ℃~300 ℃, place on the anvil face of forging hammer with the machine of manipulation clamping former, the shaping blank that is heated to forming temperature taken out from heating furnace be placed in the former, carry out pcketing with pcketing drift centrally aligned shaping blank center, guarantee pcketing drift center and blank center offset distance≤3mm, the pcketing degree of depth is identical with forming punch working portion length, as shown in Figure 3, overturn 180 ° and touch former, shaping blank is come off from former, shaping blank melts down heating again;
(4) shaping female mold is preheating to 200 ℃~300 ℃, place on the anvil face of forging hammer with the machine of manipulation clamping former, the shaping blank that is heated to forming temperature taken out from heating furnace be placed in the former, forming punch is just put along the pcketing position, the hammering forming punch makes blank be full of cavity impression by backward extrusion, as shown in Figure 4, overturn 180 ° and touch former, take out forging as shown in Figure 5.
Above-mentioned bar is stainless steel, aluminium alloy, titanium alloy.
The loose tooling forging shaping that the present invention adopts is a kind of cambic forging method between die forging and open die forging.It is on flat-die hammer, use general utility tool and movably simple die make metal forming, compare with die forging, it is simple to have a mould structure, easily manufactured, characteristics such as the cycle is short, and cost is low are compared with open die forging, the quality that is shaped is good, forging precision height, production efficiency height, forging are more near the part profile, allowance is little, the stock utilization height.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 places the impression schematic diagram for blank.
Fig. 2 is a blank jumping-up shaping schematic view.
Fig. 3 is a blank pcketing shaping schematic view.
Fig. 4 is the blank shaping schematic view.
Its Fig. 5 is the basin type part blank loose tool forging schematic diagram of forging molding.
Wherein 1 is blank, and 2 is shaping female mold, and 3 is shaping blank, and 4 are the pcketing drift, and 5 is forming punch.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment a kind of basin shape of the present invention part blank loose tooling forging forming method is described in detail.
Embodiment 1
Make stainless shunting back ring with loose tooling forging forming method of the present invention.
Shaping female mold is preheating to 200 ℃~300 ℃, place on the anvil face of forging hammer with the machine of manipulation clamping former, the stainless steel bar that is heated to 1150 ℃~1180 ℃ of forming temperatures taken out from heating furnace be placed in the former, and the center of bar and the center of former are aligned; The hammering bar makes it jumping-up and is formed into blank shape and is full of cavity impression, overturns 180 ° and touches former, and shaping blank is come off from former, and shaping blank melts down heating again; Again shaping female mold is preheating to 200 ℃~300 ℃, place on the anvil face of forging hammer with the machine of manipulation clamping former, the shaping blank that is heated to 1150 ℃~1180 ℃ of forming temperatures is placed in the former, carry out pcketing with pcketing drift centrally aligned shaping blank center, guarantee pcketing drift center and blank center offset distance≤3mm, the pcketing degree of depth is identical with forming punch working portion length, overturn 180 ° and touch former, shaping blank is come off from former, and shaping blank melts down heating again; Again shaping female mold is preheating to 200 ℃~300 ℃, place on the anvil face of forging hammer with the machine of manipulation clamping former, the shaping blank that is heated to 1150 ℃~1180 ℃ of forming temperatures is placed in the former, forming punch is just put along the pcketing position, the hammering forming punch, make blank be full of cavity impression, overturn 180 ° and touch former, take out forging by backward extrusion.
Adopt former technology from one piece to consume 65kg, from one piece consumes 35kg after the employing loose tooling forging moulding, and stock utilization has improved nearly 2 times, has saved machining period simultaneously, has shortened the process-cycle.By producing 100 calculating per year, only Master Cost can be saved about 100,000 yuan.
Embodiment 2
Make the inlet cone back segment of aluminium alloy with loose tooling forging forming method of the present invention.
Shaping female mold is preheating to 200 ℃~300 ℃, place on the anvil face of forging hammer with the machine of manipulation clamping former, the aluminium alloy bar that is heated to 460 ℃~480 ℃ of forming temperatures taken out from heating furnace be placed in the former, and the center of bar and the center of former are aligned; The hammering bar makes it jumping-up and is formed into blank shape and is full of cavity impression, overturns 180 ° and touches former, and shaping blank is come off from former, and shaping blank melts down heating again; Again shaping female mold is preheating to 200 ℃~300 ℃, place on the anvil face of forging hammer with the machine of manipulation clamping former, the shaping blank that is heated to 460 ℃~480 ℃ of forming temperatures is placed in the former, carry out pcketing with pcketing drift centrally aligned shaping blank center, guarantee pcketing drift center and blank center offset distance≤3mm, the pcketing degree of depth is identical with forming punch working portion length, overturn 180 ° and touch former, shaping blank is come off from former, and shaping blank melts down heating again; Again shaping female mold is preheating to 200 ℃~300 ℃, place on the anvil face of forging hammer with the machine of manipulation clamping former, the shaping blank that is heated to 460 ℃~480 ℃ of forming temperatures is placed in the former, forming punch is just put along the pcketing position, the hammering forming punch, make blank be full of cavity impression, overturn 180 ° and touch former, take out forging by backward extrusion.
Adopt former technology from one piece to consume 52kg, from one piece consumes 23kg after the employing loose tooling forging moulding, and stock utilization has improved 2 times, has saved machining period simultaneously, has shortened the process-cycle.The from one piece expense can be saved 1160 yuan.
Embodiment 3
Make the casing of titanium alloy with loose tooling forging forming method of the present invention.
Shaping female mold is preheating to 200 ℃~300 ℃, place on the anvil face of forging hammer with the machine of manipulation clamping former, the titanium alloy bar that is heated to 940 ℃~960 ℃ of forming temperatures taken out from heating furnace be placed in the former, and the center of bar and the center of former are aligned; The hammering bar makes it jumping-up and is formed into blank shape and is full of cavity impression, overturns 180 ° and touches former, and shaping blank is come off from former, and shaping blank melts down heating again; Again shaping female mold is preheating to 200 ℃~300 ℃, place on the anvil face of forging hammer with the machine of manipulation clamping former, the shaping blank that is heated to 940 ℃~960 ℃ of forming temperatures is placed in the former, carry out pcketing with pcketing drift centrally aligned shaping blank center, guarantee pcketing drift center and blank center offset distance≤3mm, the pcketing degree of depth is identical with forming punch working portion length, overturn 180 ° and touch former, shaping blank is come off from former, and shaping blank melts down heating again; Again shaping female mold is preheating to 200 ℃~300 ℃, place on the anvil face of forging hammer with the machine of manipulation clamping former, the shaping blank that is heated to 940 ℃~960 ℃ of forming temperatures is placed in the former, forming punch is just put along the pcketing position, the hammering forming punch, make blank be full of cavity impression, overturn 180 ° and touch former, take out forging by backward extrusion.
Adopt former technology from one piece to consume 36.5kg, from one piece consumes 23.9kg after the employing loose tooling forging moulding, and from one piece consumption reduces 12.6kg, and the from one piece expense can be saved 5800 yuan.

Claims (2)

1. the method for a basin shape part blank loose tooling forging moulding is characterized in that carrying out according to following steps:
(1) shaping female mold is preheating to 200 ℃~300 ℃, places on the anvil face of forging hammer, the bar that is heated to forming temperature is taken out from heating furnace be placed in the former, and the center of bar and the center of former are aligned with manipulation machine clamping former;
(2) the hammering bar makes it jumping-up and is formed into blank shape and is full of cavity impression, overturns 180 ° and touches former, and shaping blank is come off from former, and shaping blank melts down heating again;
(3) shaping female mold is preheating to 200 ℃~300 ℃, place on the anvil face of forging hammer with the machine of manipulation clamping former, the shaping blank that is heated to forming temperature taken out from heating furnace be placed in the former, carry out pcketing with pcketing drift centrally aligned shaping blank center, guarantee pcketing drift center and blank center offset distance≤3mm, the pcketing degree of depth is identical with forming punch working portion length, overturn 180 ° and touch former, shaping blank is come off from former, and shaping blank melts down heating again;
(4) shaping female mold is preheating to 200 ℃~300 ℃, place on the anvil face of forging hammer with the machine of manipulation clamping former, the shaping blank that is heated to forming temperature taken out from heating furnace be placed in the former, forming punch is just put along the pcketing position, the hammering forming punch, make blank be full of cavity impression, overturn 180 ° and touch former, take out forging by backward extrusion.
2. according to the method for a kind of basin shape part blank moulding described in the claim 1, it is characterized in that described bar is stainless steel, aluminium alloy, titanium alloy.
CN2010105961399A 2010-12-20 2010-12-20 Die forging forming method of basin-shaped blank Expired - Fee Related CN102107255B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010105961399A CN102107255B (en) 2010-12-20 2010-12-20 Die forging forming method of basin-shaped blank

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010105961399A CN102107255B (en) 2010-12-20 2010-12-20 Die forging forming method of basin-shaped blank

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102107255A true CN102107255A (en) 2011-06-29
CN102107255B CN102107255B (en) 2012-11-14

Family

ID=44171601

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2010105961399A Expired - Fee Related CN102107255B (en) 2010-12-20 2010-12-20 Die forging forming method of basin-shaped blank

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN102107255B (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102513488A (en) * 2011-12-27 2012-06-27 十堰园钧工贸有限公司 Precise forging molding method for blank of automobile fork-shaped half shaft
CN103447770A (en) * 2013-09-06 2013-12-18 中联重科股份有限公司 Method for manufacturing pipe clamp, pipe clamp and pipeline
CN104308057A (en) * 2014-11-03 2015-01-28 沈阳黎明航空发动机(集团)有限责任公司 Loose tooling forging blank forming method of long-sheet complicated die forge piece
CN104388651A (en) * 2014-10-27 2015-03-04 沈阳黎明航空发动机(集团)有限责任公司 Method for shaping parts made of precipitation-hardening stainless steel plate through hot working
CN106040938A (en) * 2016-06-02 2016-10-26 溧阳市金昆锻压有限公司 Combined die for forging gear shaft through moulding bed and forging technology
CN106141049A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-11-23 无锡派克新材料科技股份有限公司 Small-bore steep-taper taper annular element forging and forming technology
CN108971400A (en) * 2018-10-12 2018-12-11 湖南金天钛业科技有限公司 A method of alloy special-shaped titanium forging is produced using open die forging equipment

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104668417B (en) * 2015-02-06 2016-06-29 西安交通大学 Undercarriage urceolus forging radial forging formula strain-induced semisolid die forging technique

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5468753A (en) * 1977-11-11 1979-06-02 Mitsubishi Heavy Ind Ltd Forging method for bevel gear
JP2002346690A (en) * 2001-05-25 2002-12-03 Hiraguchi Seitan Kk Method for forging metal part
CN1616162A (en) * 2004-09-09 2005-05-18 武汉重工铸锻有限责任公司 Process and apparatus for producing large diesel engine crank axle and crank for ship
CN101020284A (en) * 2007-03-05 2007-08-22 贵州安大航空锻造有限责任公司 Making process of large irregular ring blank of high temperature alloy
CN101592198A (en) * 2008-05-29 2009-12-02 江苏威鹰机械有限公司 A kind of production method of disc brake seat

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5468753A (en) * 1977-11-11 1979-06-02 Mitsubishi Heavy Ind Ltd Forging method for bevel gear
JP2002346690A (en) * 2001-05-25 2002-12-03 Hiraguchi Seitan Kk Method for forging metal part
CN1616162A (en) * 2004-09-09 2005-05-18 武汉重工铸锻有限责任公司 Process and apparatus for producing large diesel engine crank axle and crank for ship
CN101020284A (en) * 2007-03-05 2007-08-22 贵州安大航空锻造有限责任公司 Making process of large irregular ring blank of high temperature alloy
CN101592198A (en) * 2008-05-29 2009-12-02 江苏威鹰机械有限公司 A kind of production method of disc brake seat

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102513488A (en) * 2011-12-27 2012-06-27 十堰园钧工贸有限公司 Precise forging molding method for blank of automobile fork-shaped half shaft
CN103447770A (en) * 2013-09-06 2013-12-18 中联重科股份有限公司 Method for manufacturing pipe clamp, pipe clamp and pipeline
CN103447770B (en) * 2013-09-06 2016-03-09 中联重科股份有限公司 Manufacture the method for pipe clamp, pipe clamp and pipeline
CN104388651A (en) * 2014-10-27 2015-03-04 沈阳黎明航空发动机(集团)有限责任公司 Method for shaping parts made of precipitation-hardening stainless steel plate through hot working
CN104308057A (en) * 2014-11-03 2015-01-28 沈阳黎明航空发动机(集团)有限责任公司 Loose tooling forging blank forming method of long-sheet complicated die forge piece
CN104308057B (en) * 2014-11-03 2016-04-27 沈阳黎明航空发动机(集团)有限责任公司 A kind of long thin plate class complex die forging loose tooling forging base manufacturing process
CN106040938A (en) * 2016-06-02 2016-10-26 溧阳市金昆锻压有限公司 Combined die for forging gear shaft through moulding bed and forging technology
CN106141049A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-11-23 无锡派克新材料科技股份有限公司 Small-bore steep-taper taper annular element forging and forming technology
CN106141049B (en) * 2016-08-31 2018-06-08 无锡派克新材料科技股份有限公司 Small-bore steep-taper taper annular element forging and forming technology
CN108971400A (en) * 2018-10-12 2018-12-11 湖南金天钛业科技有限公司 A method of alloy special-shaped titanium forging is produced using open die forging equipment

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN102107255B (en) 2012-11-14

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN102107255B (en) Die forging forming method of basin-shaped blank
CN104308058B (en) A kind of method of titanium alloy blade forging and molding
CN202752523U (en) Automobile steering knuckle multidirectional die forging precision forging forming die
CN102699094B (en) Die used in extrusion moulding of high-precision complex copper alloy thrust bearing seat
CN103668027A (en) Quasi beta forging process for TC25 titanium alloy
CN101386120B (en) Forming method of automobile generator claw pole
CN103567340A (en) Novel precision forging technology of straight toothed spur gear for automobile and mold
CN103121075B (en) Hot forging method for transmission shaft yoke with horizontal yoke part
CN105033140B (en) A kind of hot upsetting squeeze composite forming die of aluminum alloy isothermal and method
CN203265502U (en) Hot forging device for transmission shaft joint fork with horizontal fork part
CN102909298B (en) Forming method of forge piece with large torsional flange and spacer flange as well as forming mold
CN103706745A (en) Method for manufacturing damping shaft sleeve
CN202123188U (en) Large gear combination forging die
CN103419002B (en) The warm cold precision forming method of large modulus high boss bevel gear
CN205614005U (en) Duplex position forward finishing mould
CN103056260B (en) A kind of major axis class big inclination angle flange forge piece manufacturing process
CN103658500A (en) Precise warm forging one-time forming new technology of straight tooth cylinder inner gear
CN105921671B (en) The backward extrusion method and mould of a kind of ladder hollow shaft like members
CN202479252U (en) Backward extrusion die for aluminum alloy wheel rim of oversize vehicle
CN201711431U (en) Hexagonal bolt head one-step molding mold
CN202021222U (en) Motor casing processing device
CN203030810U (en) Drill stem elevator main body blank forging tool
CN107116171B (en) A kind of thin plate class complexity forging part base loose tool and manufacturing process
CN204094036U (en) Spacing bearing pin cold-heading device
CN2900026Y (en) Creeper tread precision forging mould

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20121114

Termination date: 20151220

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model