CN102106297A - Ecological cultivation method for mixed cultivation of stichopus japonicus and abalone - Google Patents

Ecological cultivation method for mixed cultivation of stichopus japonicus and abalone Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102106297A
CN102106297A CN2011100521363A CN201110052136A CN102106297A CN 102106297 A CN102106297 A CN 102106297A CN 2011100521363 A CN2011100521363 A CN 2011100521363A CN 201110052136 A CN201110052136 A CN 201110052136A CN 102106297 A CN102106297 A CN 102106297A
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abalone
cultivation
stichopus japonicus
participates
raised
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郭炳坚
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郭炳坚
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention provides an ecological cultivation method for the mixed cultivation of the stichopus japonicus and the abalone, relates to the abalone, and provides the ecological cultivation method for the mixed cultivation of the stichopus japonicus and the abalone. The method comprises the steps of: removing the sundries on an abalone cultivating container, and sterilizing the abalone cultivating container when the water temperature of the south sea area is reduced at 19-21 DEG C in autumn annually; putting the stichopus japonicus seeds into the sterilized abalone cultivating container; and feeding the forage for the mixed cultivation of the stichopus japonicus and the abalone. Due to the mixed cultivation of the stichopus japonicus and the abalone, the self cleaning capability of the cultivation water body is furthest enhanced, and the environment condition of the cultivation water body is effectively improved. The stichopus japonicus can largely ingest the residual bait and the excrement generated by the abalone, so that the water body pollution is reduced, the reproduction and the propagation of the pathogene are reduced, and the disease infection of the abalone is reduced. As the stichopus japonicus belongs to the mixed cultivation, the extra cultivation cost does not need to be added, and the cultivation benefit is higher.

Description

A kind of thorn participates in the ecological cultivation method that abalone is raised together with
Technical field
The present invention relates to abalone, particularly kind of a thorn participates in the ecological cultivation method that abalone is raised together with.
Background technology
Abalone is a kind of precious precious marine product, is described as first of the marine products eight delicacies.As the dietotherapy good merchantable brand of invigorant that is of high nutritive value and adjusting human physiological functions, abalone have the title of " soft gold ".Along with domestic and international market growing to the abalone demand, abalone to propagate the industry development artificially swift and violent, particularly in sea area, China south, the sharply development of abalone culture industry.Yet existing abalone tradition aquaculture is owing to be subjected to the restriction of cultural technique and aquaculture model, and the breeding ecological environment goes from bad to worse, and cultured output fluctuates, and causes economic benefit to descend significantly.
But Chinese patent application CN201010235604.6 discloses a kind of haliotis discus hannai Ino parent Bao accelerating method of ahead of time seedling-cultivating, select that shell length is at least 9cm, maturity of fish gonads is 3~4 one-tenth, strong and the disease-free haliotis discus hannai Ino of vigor and sorptive force is as close Bao, and male Bao and the quantity of female Bao are than 80~100 in the close Bao: 500~1000; Be divided into and early stage, intergrade and three time periods of later stage cultivate close Bao, the cultivation time in early stage is 40~50 days, and water temperature is 15~18 ℃, the salt marsh sea-tangle of feeding; The intermediate rearing time is 40~50 days, and water temperature is 17~22 ℃, the bright sea-tangle of feeding; The cultivation time in later stage is 20 days, and water temperature is 19~22 ℃, the dried laver of feeding, thus can do sth. in advance accelerating haliotis discus hannai Ino parent Bao.
Current apostichopus japonicus culture mainly adopts the end to broadcast propagation and raise in cages, and the breeding production of using these methods to carry out stichopus japonicus needs special breeding facility and utensil, and cost is higher, and management inconvenience.In addition, stichopus japonicus belongs to northern breed variety, often changes hibernation over to period in the low water temperature of north of china in winter, growth retardation, so the culture-cycle is often longer.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of the thorn to participate in the ecological cultivation method that abalone is raised together with.
The present invention includes following steps:
1) when the seawater water temperature drops to 19~21 ℃, carries out disinfection behind the foreign material on the removing abalone culture container;
2) juvenile stichopus is rendered to through in the abalone culture container after the step 1) sterilization;
3) feed of throwing something and feeding stings the mixed feeding that participates in abalone.
In step 1), described sterilization can be adopted sterilizations such as common disinfectants such as bleaching powder.
In step 2) in, the density of juvenile stichopus can be 10~15/m in the described abalone culture container 2Juvenile stichopus is preferably 1: 15 with the quantity ratio of abalone; The body length of described juvenile stichopus is preferably 6~8cm, and the shell length of described abalone is preferably 4~9cm.
In step 3), described feed can be algae or algae dry product; Described algae can be at least a in sea-tangle, asparagus, fragrant plant mentioned in ancient texts, the laver etc.; The cycle of the described feed of throwing something and feeding can be: when water temperature in the abalone culture container was thrown something and fed 1 time every 2 days during at 16~21 ℃, when water temperature in the abalone culture container was thrown something and fed 1 time every 4 days during at 10~16 ℃.
The present invention utilizes higher characteristics of southern sea area water temperature in winter and the eating habit of stichopus japonicus, provides a kind of and is suitable for carrying out in southern sea area thorn and participates in the ecological cultivation method that abalone is raised together with.The invention has the advantages that: utilizing stichopus japonicus is the characteristics of food with diatom, rotted plant material, organic debris, carry out with abalone and raise together with, remaining bait and abalone ight soil in the abalone culture process of can ingesting, neither need extra bait throwing in, can play the cleaning action of breeding environment to the discarded object cycling and reutilization of cultivating system inside again.Participate in raising together with of abalone by thorn, farthest strengthened the self-purification capacity of breeding water body, effectively improved the environmental condition of breeding water body.The stichopus japonicus ight soil that residual bait and abalone produce of can ingesting in a large number alleviates water pollution, has reduced the breeding and the propagation of pathogene, helps to reduce abalone and catches.Because stichopus japonicus belongs to and raises together with, and need not additionally to increase aquaculture cost, has higher culture benefit.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
1) carries out thorn participation abalone in Luoyuan Bay sea area, Lianjiang County, Fujian Province and raise together with work, when water temperature drops to 21 ℃, remove the foreign material on the floating raft type Cage for culture of abalone of sea area, and carry out disinfection.
2) be 2 of the stichopus japonicus of 30 of the abalones of throwing in the long 5cm of shell in the abalone cage of length * wide=0.41m * 0.3m and the long 6cm of body in specification, when the water temperature dried sea-tangle of throwing something and feeding 1 time every 2 days during at 16~21 ℃, the water temperature dried sea-tangle of in the time of 10~16 ℃, throwing something and feeding 1 time every 4 days.
3) after 6 months, add up the survival rate of stichopus japonicus and abalone, and compare with control group.
The result shows, raises together with that the abalone average survival reaches 93.3%, survival rate of Apostichopus japonicus 99% in the experimental group of stichopus japonicus.The control group abalone average survival of not raising together with stichopus japonicus is 81%.Raising together with experimental group culturing economic benefit obviously increases.
Embodiment 2
1) carries out thorn participation abalone at Fujian Province's Zhangpu County north Jianghai District and raise together with work, when water temperature drops to 19 ℃, remove the foreign material on the floating raft type Cage for culture of abalone of sea area, and carry out disinfection.
2) be 2 of stichopus japonicus throwing in 30 of the abalones of the long 6cm of shell and the long 7cm of body in the benzvalene form abalone cage of 0.2m at diameter, when the water temperature fresh asparagus of throwing something and feeding 1 time every 2 days during at 16~20 ℃, when the water temperature fresh asparagus of throwing something and feeding 1 time every 4 days during at 10~16 ℃.
3) after 6 months, add up the survival rate of stichopus japonicus and abalone, and compare with control group.
The result shows: raise together with that the abalone average survival reaches 95.5%, survival rate of Apostichopus japonicus 100% in the experimental group of stichopus japonicus.The control group abalone average survival of not raising together with stichopus japonicus is 82.8%.Raising together with experimental group culturing economic benefit obviously increases.
The present invention is by groping raising together with density, breeding bait and bait throwing in cycle etc. of juvenile stichopus release time, juvenile stichopus and abalone, can effectively utilize the characteristics of ingesting of stichopus japonicus and abalone to carry out and raise together with, and improved the environmental condition of breeding water body.Raising together with density can adjust according to the size of juvenile stichopus and abalone, when abalone shells length during at 4~6cm, puts the long 6~7cm sea cucumber of body in a suitable place to breed for every square metre and is preferably 15.When abalone shells length during, put the long 6~7cm sea cucumber of body in a suitable place to breed for every square metre and be preferably 10 at 7~9cm.Bait is fresh and alive algae and dry product or manufactured feed, and the cycle of throwing something and feeding throws something and feeds 1 time every 2~4 days according to water temperature condition, feeds based on few duty of throwing.Profit of the present invention can effectively improve specific yield, has higher culture benefit.

Claims (9)

1. one kind is stung the ecological cultivation method that the participation abalone is raised together with, and it is characterized in that it may further comprise the steps:
1) when the seawater water temperature drops to 19~21 ℃, carries out disinfection behind the foreign material on the removing abalone culture container;
2) juvenile stichopus is rendered to through in the abalone culture container after the step 1) sterilization;
3) feed of throwing something and feeding stings the mixed feeding that participates in abalone.
2. a kind of thorn the as claimed in claim 1 participates in the ecological cultivation method that abalone is raised together with, and it is characterized in that in step 1), and the disinfectant sterilization is adopted in described sterilization.
3. a kind of thorn the as claimed in claim 2 participates in the ecological cultivation method that abalone is raised together with, and it is characterized in that described disinfectant is a bleaching powder.
4. a kind of thorn the as claimed in claim 1 participates in the ecological cultivation method that abalone is raised together with, and it is characterized in that in step 2) in, the density of juvenile stichopus is 10~15/m in the described abalone culture container 2
5. a kind of thorn the as claimed in claim 1 participates in the ecological cultivation method that abalone is raised together with, and it is characterized in that in step 2) in, described juvenile stichopus is 1: 15 with the quantity ratio of abalone.
6. a kind of thorn the as claimed in claim 1 participates in the ecological cultivation method that abalone is raised together with, and it is characterized in that in step 2) in, the body length of described juvenile stichopus is 6~8cm, the shell length of described abalone is 4~9cm.
7. a kind of thorn the as claimed in claim 1 participates in the ecological cultivation method that abalone is raised together with, and it is characterized in that in step 3) described feed is algae or algae dry product.
8. a kind of thorn the as claimed in claim 7 participates in the ecological cultivation method that abalone is raised together with, and it is characterized in that described algae is at least a in sea-tangle, asparagus, fragrant plant mentioned in ancient texts, the laver.
9. a kind of thorn the as claimed in claim 1 participates in the ecological cultivation method that abalone is raised together with, it is characterized in that in step 3), the cycle of the described feed of throwing something and feeding is: when water temperature in the Cultivation container was thrown something and fed 1 time every 2 days during at 16~21 ℃, when water temperature in the Cultivation container was thrown something and fed 1 time every 4 days during at 10~16 ℃.
CN2011100521363A 2011-03-04 2011-03-04 Ecological cultivation method for mixed cultivation of stichopus japonicus and abalone Pending CN102106297A (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103098732A (en) * 2013-02-06 2013-05-15 大连海洋大学 Rock worm-gracilaria-sea cucumber pond mixing breeding method
CN103392675A (en) * 2013-07-26 2013-11-20 大连棒棰岛海参发展有限公司 Stereoscopic comprehensive ecological culture method of multiple species in stichopus japonicus pond
CN103563806A (en) * 2013-11-08 2014-02-12 苏州市相城区渭塘凤凰泾农业发展有限公司 Cultivation method capable of reducing stichopus japonicus disease and pest injuries with corrosion inhibition nanometer materials
CN103975880A (en) * 2014-05-12 2014-08-13 福建港德水产有限公司 Method for mixed culture of hippocampus, abalone and gracilaria
CN104126531A (en) * 2014-07-19 2014-11-05 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 Stichopus japonicus and abalone integrated-breeding method
CN104542406A (en) * 2015-01-28 2015-04-29 广州中国科学院先进技术研究所 Gracilaria and abalone polyculture method
CN104872028A (en) * 2015-06-08 2015-09-02 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 Ecological method for rearing fry of sablefish
CN106069919A (en) * 2016-06-22 2016-11-09 苏州市金荒田农业科技有限公司 A kind of Radix Morinae Bulleyanae artificial cultivating method
CN111387101A (en) * 2020-03-27 2020-07-10 广西中医药大学 Cement pond ecological polyculture method for stichopus japonicus offspring seeds and sipunculus nudus
CN111387102A (en) * 2020-04-24 2020-07-10 广西中医药大学 Method for mixed culture of large-size stichopus japonicus and trachinotus ovatus in factory workshop

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Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103098732A (en) * 2013-02-06 2013-05-15 大连海洋大学 Rock worm-gracilaria-sea cucumber pond mixing breeding method
CN103098732B (en) * 2013-02-06 2014-07-02 大连海洋大学 Rock worm-gracilaria-sea cucumber pond mixing breeding method
CN103392675A (en) * 2013-07-26 2013-11-20 大连棒棰岛海参发展有限公司 Stereoscopic comprehensive ecological culture method of multiple species in stichopus japonicus pond
CN103563806A (en) * 2013-11-08 2014-02-12 苏州市相城区渭塘凤凰泾农业发展有限公司 Cultivation method capable of reducing stichopus japonicus disease and pest injuries with corrosion inhibition nanometer materials
CN103563806B (en) * 2013-11-08 2015-05-20 太仓市金诸农业发展有限公司 Cultivation method capable of reducing stichopus japonicus disease and pest injuries with corrosion inhibition nanometer materials
CN103975880A (en) * 2014-05-12 2014-08-13 福建港德水产有限公司 Method for mixed culture of hippocampus, abalone and gracilaria
CN103975880B (en) * 2014-05-12 2015-12-02 福建港德水产有限公司 A kind of method that hippocampus and abalone and fragrant plant mentioned in ancient texts are raised together with
CN104126531A (en) * 2014-07-19 2014-11-05 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 Stichopus japonicus and abalone integrated-breeding method
CN104542406A (en) * 2015-01-28 2015-04-29 广州中国科学院先进技术研究所 Gracilaria and abalone polyculture method
CN104872028A (en) * 2015-06-08 2015-09-02 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 Ecological method for rearing fry of sablefish
CN104872028B (en) * 2015-06-08 2017-09-22 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 A kind of beshow ecological breeding method
CN106069919A (en) * 2016-06-22 2016-11-09 苏州市金荒田农业科技有限公司 A kind of Radix Morinae Bulleyanae artificial cultivating method
CN111387101A (en) * 2020-03-27 2020-07-10 广西中医药大学 Cement pond ecological polyculture method for stichopus japonicus offspring seeds and sipunculus nudus
CN111387102A (en) * 2020-04-24 2020-07-10 广西中医药大学 Method for mixed culture of large-size stichopus japonicus and trachinotus ovatus in factory workshop

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Application publication date: 20110629