CN102105045B - Component supplying device and surface mounter - Google Patents

Component supplying device and surface mounter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102105045B
CN102105045B CN201110039558.7A CN201110039558A CN102105045B CN 102105045 B CN102105045 B CN 102105045B CN 201110039558 A CN201110039558 A CN 201110039558A CN 102105045 B CN102105045 B CN 102105045B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
motor
cover strip
supplying apparatus
component supplying
housing section
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201110039558.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102105045A (en
Inventor
米光正典
大贯友和
塚越和宏
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Yamaha Motor Co Ltd
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Yamaha Motor Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to JP2006272102A priority Critical patent/JP4783255B2/en
Priority to JP2006-271690 priority
Priority to JP2006271688A priority patent/JP4832243B2/en
Priority to JP2006271690A priority patent/JP2008091676A/en
Priority to JP2006-271688 priority
Priority to JP2006-272102 priority
Application filed by Yamaha Motor Co Ltd filed Critical Yamaha Motor Co Ltd
Publication of CN102105045A publication Critical patent/CN102105045A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102105045B publication Critical patent/CN102105045B/en
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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05KPRINTED CIRCUITS; CASINGS OR CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS OF ELECTRIC APPARATUS; MANUFACTURE OF ASSEMBLAGES OF ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
    • H05K13/00Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing or adjusting assemblages of electric components
    • H05K13/04Mounting of components, e.g. of leadless components
    • H05K13/0417Feeding with belts or tapes
    • H05K13/0419Feeding with belts or tapes tape feeders

Abstract

A parts feeding device constructed such that a tape receiving box of the device has a high degree of freedom in the size that can be set depending on use conditions. The parts feeding device (50) has: a feeding device (80) for feeding a parts feeding tape TP toward a predetermined part take-out position, the parts feeding tape TP having a carrier tape CA and cover tape CV receiving parts at constant intervals; and also has a separation device (90) for separating the cover tape CV from the carrier tape CA by pulling the cover tape CV in a direction different from the feeding direction of the feeding device (80). A control mechanism (300) for controlling a first motor (81) used for driving the feeding device and a second motor (91) used for driving the separation device; and a mounting work detection mechanism for detecting the mounting work, i.e., the cover tape CV has been kept on the separation device by a recoverable state; wherein the control mechanism drives the second motor to control the separation device to start to recover the cover tape according to the detection result from the mounting work detection mechanism.

Description

Component supplying apparatus and surface mounting apparatus
The application is the divisional application based on following Chinese patent application:
The original bill applying date: on October 3rd, 2007
Original bill application number: 200780037293.9(PCT/JP2007/069342)
Original bill application title: component supplying apparatus and surface mounting apparatus
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of component supplying apparatus of supplying with the elements such as IC taking band as carrier, and the surface mounting apparatus of this component supplying apparatus is housed.
Background technology
Till now, as being contained on surface mounting apparatus and for supplying with one of mechanism of installing with element, the component supplying apparatus that is called belt feeder (tape feeder) has been well-known.General component supplying apparatus is derived the component feeding band of accommodating at regular intervals multiple elements on one side from reel, is delivered to element extracting position on one side.
The described component feeding band for component supplying apparatus, generally includes for the carrier band (carrier tape) of maintenance (hold) element and for covering the cover strip (covertape) of carrier band.For example, No. 2003-188584, patent documentation 1(Japanese Patent Publication communique JP) component supplying apparatus in, on one side peel off cover strip (cover tape) from carrier band, the carrier band after on one side this being peeled off be sent to element install with suction head can the position of absorptive element on.On the other hand, for the cover strip after peeling off, reclaim along prescribed direction by recovering mechanism (in patent documentation 1, being called " cover tape delivering mechanism "), and accommodate in band containing case.This recovering mechanism possesses pair of rolls for clamping cover strip and for rotating the motor of this roller.
But, in the time of drawing cover strip, be necessary at least to allow the motor of described recovering mechanism rotate.So, between described pair of rolls, installing after cover strip, operating personnel need the start-up function of push switch etc. in person, so that rotation command is indicated to motor.
Summary of the invention
The present invention does in view of described problem, and its object is to provide a kind of can reduce operating time when cover strip is installed and component supplying apparatus and surface mounting apparatus easy to use.
The component supplying apparatus of the present invention with following structure, can solve the technical problem.
; component supplying apparatus of the present invention comprises: delivering mechanism; the component feeding band with carrier band and cover strip is sent to the element extracting position of regulation, and described carrier band is accommodated element at certain intervals, and described cover strip sticks on described carrier band to cover the element of being accommodated; And mechanism for stripping, described cover strip is pulled to the direction different from the transport direction of described delivering mechanism, to peel off described cover strip from described carrier band, and described component supplying apparatus also comprises: the first motor, as the drive source of described delivering mechanism; The second motor, as the drive source of described mechanism for stripping; Controlling organization, controls described the first motor and described the second motor; And installation exercise testing agency, detect and carried out described cover strip to remain on the installation exercise on described mechanism for stripping with the state that can reclaim; Wherein, described controlling organization, detects that taking described installation exercise testing agency described installation exercise is as condition, drives described the second motor, makes described mechanism for stripping start to reclaim described cover strip.
In addition, surface mounting apparatus of the present invention possesses: pedestal; Conveyer belt, is arranged on described pedestal and for conveyance substrate; Described component supplying apparatus, is arranged on the both sides of described conveyer belt; And head assembly, be arranged on the top of described pedestal; Described head assembly moves on the region between can the installation site on described component supplying apparatus and described substrate, to take out element and be installed to substrate from described component supplying apparatus; Described head assembly is supported on the head assembly support component extending along the substrate transferring direction of described conveyer belt, and can move along described substrate transferring direction; The both ends of described head assembly support component are supported on guide rail, and described guide rail is along extending with the orthogonal orthogonal direction of described substrate transferring direction in horizontal plane, and described head assembly support component can move along described orthogonal direction; Described head assembly is by being carried out the first ballscrew shaft of rotating drive and driven along described substrate transferring direction by carrying direction motor; Described head assembly support component is driven along described orthogonal direction by carrying out the second ballscrew shaft of rotating drive by orthogonal direction motor.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the front view that represents the of the present invention first surface mounting apparatus relating to reference to mode.
Fig. 2 is the vertical view of the surface mounting apparatus of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is illustrated in the surface mounting apparatus of Fig. 1, and component supplying apparatus is arranged on the key diagram of the state on component supplying apparatus installation portion.
Fig. 4 is the stereogram of the example of the component feeding band that adopts of the component supplying apparatus of presentation graphs 3.
Fig. 5 is the stereogram of the example of the band containing case that adopts of the component supplying apparatus of presentation graphs 3.
Fig. 6 is illustrated in the stereogram that has moved the example of the state of the second housing section under the state of Fig. 5.
Fig. 7 is illustrated in the stereogram of having dismantled the example of the state of the second housing section under the state of Fig. 5.
Fig. 8 is the cutaway view of the band containing case of Fig. 5.
Fig. 9 is illustrated in the cutaway view that has moved the example of the state of the second housing section under the state of Fig. 8.
Figure 10 is illustrated in the key diagram of having dismantled the example of the state of band containing case under the state of Fig. 3.
Figure 11 is the stereogram that represents the example of the mounting structure of band containing case.
Figure 12 is illustrated in the key diagram of having dismantled the example of the state of electric installation portion under the state of Fig. 3.
Figure 13 is the cutaway view that represents the second band containing case adopting with reference to the component supplying apparatus of mode.
Figure 14 is illustrated in the cutaway view that has moved the example of the state of the second housing section under the state of Figure 13.
Figure 15 is the stereogram that represents the 3rd band containing case adopting with reference to the component supplying apparatus of mode.
Figure 16 is the stereogram that represents the example different from Figure 15 of the 3rd component supplying apparatus with reference to mode.
Figure 17 is the cutaway view that represents the example of the 4th band containing case adopting with reference to the component supplying apparatus of mode.
Figure 18 is illustrated in the cutaway view that has moved the example of the state of the second housing section under the state of Figure 17.
Figure 19 is the front view of the component supplying apparatus that represents that the first execution mode relates to.
Figure 20 is the block diagram that represents the electrical structure of the component supplying apparatus of Figure 19.
Figure 21 is the block diagram that represents the electrical structure of the control system for controlling motor.
Figure 22 is the figure that represents the erection sequence of element band supply.
Figure 23 is also the figure that represents the erection sequence of element band supply.
Figure 24 is the figure that represents the import operation of cover strip.
Figure 25 is the flow chart that represents the control sequence of the component supplying apparatus to Figure 19.
Figure 26 is applicable to flow chart the second execution mode, that represent the control sequence to component supplying apparatus.
Figure 27 is applicable to block diagram the 3rd execution mode, that represent the electrical structure of the control system for controlling motor.
Figure 28 is applicable to time diagram the 4th execution mode, that represent the setting/switching of torque.
Embodiment
First illustrate of the present inventionly with reference to after mode (first with reference to mode to the four with reference to mode), embodiments of the present invention (the first execution mode to the four execution modes) are described.
(first with reference to mode)
Below, with reference to accompanying drawing, describe with regard to the of the present invention first surface mounting apparatus relating to reference to mode.
1. overall structure
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, surface mounting apparatus 10 comprises: be arranged on pedestal 11 and for the conveyer belt 20,20 of conveyance printed base plate P; Be arranged on the component feeding portion 30 of the both sides of this conveyer belt 20,20; And be arranged on the top of pedestal 11 and the head assembly 40 for installing electronic elements.
Head assembly 40 moves on the region between can the installation site in component feeding portion 30 and substrate P, to take out electronic component and attach it to substrate P from component feeding portion 30.Particularly, head assembly 40 is supported on the head assembly support component 42 extending along X-direction (directions of conveyer belt 20 conveyance substrates), and can move along X-direction, described head assembly support component 42, be supported on the guide rail 43,43 extending along Y direction (in horizontal plane with the orthogonal direction of X-direction) at its both ends, and can move along Y direction.In addition, head assembly 40, by the ballscrew shaft 45 by X-axis motor 44 rotating drive, drives along X-direction, and head assembly support component 42, by the ballscrew shaft 47 by Y-axis motor 46 rotating drive, drives along Y direction.
In addition,, on head assembly 40, multiple heads 41 of arranging along X-direction are installed.Each head 41, by the elevating mechanism taking Z axis motor as drive source, (Z-direction) drives along the vertical direction, and by the rotating drive mechanism taking R axle motor as drive source, in rotational direction (R direction of principal axis) drives.
On the front end of each head 41, be provided with for stick electronic components and by this electronic component and be installed to the suction nozzle on substrate.Each suction nozzle receives the negative pressure that not have negative pressure generating device representing to supply with in by figure in the time of stick electronic components, and utilizes the attraction stick electronic components of this negative pressure generation, thereby takes out this electronic component.
In addition, in Fig. 2, Reference numeral 12 represents camera, the state of the element that these camera 12 head shot assemblies 40 adsorb, thereby can detected electrons elements relative in skew of suction nozzle 41 etc.
Component feeding portion 30, is arranged on 4 positions, place on pedestal 11 altogether.Particularly, across conveyer belt 20, in the both sides, front and back of pedestal 11, (+Y side and+-Y side) is upper, is respectively arranged with 2 component feeding portions 30 along the conveyance direction of conveyer belt 20.Each component feeding portion 30 is, is being arranged at respectively on the component supplying apparatus installation portion 60 of described 4 positions, place, installs side by side that multiple component supplying apparatus 50 of so-called belt feeder form.Each component supplying apparatus 50, by sliding with the orthogonal horizontal direction of its orientation, can be installed on component supplying apparatus installation portion 60.
This with reference to mode in, on the assigned position of the pedestal 11 corresponding with each component feeding portion 30, is provided with and changes with chassis 39 to load and unload state freely, and component supplying apparatus installation portion 60 is arranged on this replacing with on chassis 39.
2. component supplying apparatus
Then, component supplying apparatus 50 is described.As shown in Figure 3, the component supplying apparatus installation portion 60 that is arranged on surface mounting apparatus 10 has feed appliance dish (feeder plate) 61, and on this feed appliance dish 61, multiple component supplying apparatus 50 are installed side by side, each component supplying apparatus 50 is releasably arranged on this feed appliance dish 61.In addition, in this manual, on the long side direction of component supplying apparatus 50, the side that carrying device 80 is installed is set as to front side, the side that band containing case 200 is installed is set as to rear side.
As shown in Figure 3, the component supplying apparatus 50 that this relates to reference to mode is DYN dynamic belt feeder, wherein, by keeping (hold) carrying device 80 on framework (frame) 59 to send the component feeding band TP of holding element at certain intervals, and reel from the reel retainer that keeps not representing in the drawings successively drawing go out component feeding band TP.Reel and reel retainer in Fig. 2, Fig. 3, are omitted, but, reel can be configured in rear side or the downside etc. of component supplying apparatus 50, for example, can remain on component supplying apparatus 50, also can remain on the reel retainer that is independent of component supplying apparatus 50.
As shown in Figure 4, component feeding band TP comprises carrier band CA and sticks on the cover strip CV on this carrier band CA.Carrier band CA is provided with the empty linear element resettlement section 36a towards upper shed at regular intervals, and in each element resettlement section 36a, accommodates the strip such as IC or transistor element.And, on carrier band CA, be provided with at certain intervals the multiple connecting hole 36b that run through up and down along one side portion.
An example of the delivering mechanism that carrying device 80(is equivalent to the present invention relates to), for the element that is contained in component feeding band TP being sent to the position that the component feeding position 51(head 41 of regulation takes out element), comprising the first motor 81, receive the gear 83 of the driving of this first motor 81, the gear 84 by driving with the gear drive of gear 83, the sprocket wheel (sprocket) 82 being driven by gear 84.
Sprocket wheel 82 is arranged on the front portion of component feeding position 51, and with carry the carrier band CA of the component feeding band TP coming to engage from reel (do not have in figure represent) by guiding channel 55,56, described sprocket wheel 82 rotates by the driving of the first motor 81, thus carrier band CA is sent to front.In addition, at the peripheral part of sprocket wheel 82, be provided with multiple projections along its peripheral direction, and this projection is inserted into the connecting hole 36b(Fig. 4 being arranged on carrier band CA) in, described sprocket wheel 82 and carrier band CA are engaged with each other.
An example of the mechanism for stripping that stripping off device 90(is equivalent to the present invention relates to) for cover strip CV is pulled to the direction different from the transport direction of carrying device 80, thus peel off cover strip CV from carrier band CA.This stripping off device 90 comprises the second motor 91, receive the gear 92 of actuating force of this second motor 91 and the outlet roller 93 rotating by the gear drive corresponding with the rotation of this gear 92.In addition,, on the position of facing mutually with this outlet roller 93, be provided with the pushing roller 95 of following sending of outlet roller 93 and carrying out driven rotation.
Outlet roller 93 for and pushing clamp cover strip CV between roller 95, and receive the actuating force passing over via gear 92 from the second motor 91 and rotate, thus cover strip CV is sent to band containing case 200 sides.Cover strip CV rearward turns back at the rear portion of component feeding position 51, is clipped between outlet roller 93 and pushing roller 95, and by the rotation of outlet roller 93, pulls to successively the direction different from the transport direction of carrier band CA, peels off thus from carrier band CA.In addition, this with reference to mode in, sprocket wheel 82 is sent the speed of carrier band CA and outlet roller 93, and to send the speed of cover strip CA almost identical.
As mentioned above, by the startup of carrying device 80 and stripping off device 90, peel off cover strip CV from carrier band CA successively, thereby on component feeding position 51, the element that carrier band CA accommodates is exposed outside.And these parts that appear are taken out successively by the head assembly 40 shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 2, for installation.
In the bottom of component supplying apparatus 50, be provided with for component supplying apparatus 50 being fixed on to the locking device 70 on component supplying apparatus installation portion 60.This locking device 70 comprises: be formed on the fixing engaging roller 79 engaging with recess 62 on component supplying apparatus installation portion 60, the handover operation parts 75 that this engaging roller 79 is installed and effect spring 73.75 side-lookings of handover operation parts are L word shape, are arranged on the framework 59 of component supplying apparatus 50 with the state rotating freely at the jack shaft 74 of its bending pars intermedia setting.Effect spring 73 is wound on the jack shaft 74 of handover operation parts 75, and its one end is fixed on the framework 59 of component supplying apparatus 50, and the other end is pushed the fixing direction (top) with recess 62 to along making to engage roller 79, and handover operation parts 75 are applied to active force.If the component supplying apparatus 50 that is provided with described locking device 70 is installed on component supplying apparatus installation portion 60, engage roller 79 fixing with recess 62 by 73 pushings of effect spring, fixing engage with recess 62 with this, be fixed on the stationary state on component supplying apparatus installation portion 60 thereby become component supplying apparatus 50.On the other hand, if making handover operation parts 75 overcome effect spring 73 rotates, engage that roller 79 declines and depart from recess 62 from fixing, thereby becoming the fixing disarm state being fixedly disengaged of described component supplying apparatus installation portion 60 and component supplying apparatus 50.
Be provided with action bars 71 on the top of component supplying apparatus 50, be used as the operating means that stationary state to component supplying apparatus 50 and fixing disarm state are switched.The root 77 of the grasping part 76 of action bars 71, is arranged on the ledge of band containing case 200 with the state freely of rotating.In addition,, on a side of component supplying apparatus 50, be provided with two ends and be connected to the gusset piece 72 of action bars 71 and locking device 70.This gusset piece 72 is for passing to locking device 70 by the operating physical force that is input to action bars 71, and it is made up of metallic plate, and this metallic plate from the side, repeatedly bending on each position of long side direction, and have thickness in the orientation of component supplying apparatus 50.In this structure, if action bars 71 is rotated, this operating physical force is delivered to handover operation parts 75 via gusset piece 72, and 75 of these handover operation parts overcome the rotary action power of effect spring 73 and rotate, make to engage roller 79 and engage with recess 62 with fixing, or remove described engaging.
Then, band containing case 200 is described.As shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 5, band containing case 200 is the flat pattern using the orientation of component supplying apparatus 50 (X-direction in Fig. 2) as Width, and is arranged on rearward outstanding state on the framework 59 of component supplying apparatus 50.This band containing case 200 is independent of framework 59, and is arranged on this framework 59 with state removably.In addition, the electric installation portion 57(being made up of the parts that are independent of framework 59 and band containing case 200 is elaborated later), be arranged on described framework 59 and band containing case 200 with state removably.For handling these parts structure, will below be elaborated.
Described band containing case 200 is for accommodating the cover strip CV peeling off by stripping off device 90, and it can change accommodates volume.More specifically, band containing case 200 is according to the increase of the amount of accommodating of accommodated cover strip CV, can change it and accommodate volume, and there is the first housing section 210 being fixed on framework 59 and second housing section 220 that can move with respect to this first housing section 210.
As shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 7, the first housing section 210 is the box-formed shape that is formed with peristome 208 in rearward end, and comprises: opposed facing pair of sidewalls portion 215,216; Upper wall portions 211; The lower wall portion 212 of facing with upper wall portions 211; And front wall portion 213.As shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 7, Fig. 8, Fig. 9, be formed with the guiding road 219 of extending along fore-and-aft direction being surrounded by described upper wall portions 211, lower wall portion 212, pair of sidewalls portion 215,216 in the inside of the first housing section 210.And the second housing section 220 described later moves along this guiding road 219.
As shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 5, Fig. 6, the second housing section 220 comprises respectively a pair of opposed walls portion 223,224 facing mutually with the side wall portion 215,216 of the first housing section 210, and in the bottom of this opposed walls portion 223,224, be provided with the bottom wall part 222 of facing with the lower wall portion 212 of the first housing section 210.In addition,, at the rear portion of the second housing section 220, be provided with rear wall parts 221.The second housing section 220, its both sides, rear and below are surrounded, thereby are the unlimited box-formed shape of upside and front side by described opposed walls portion 223,224, bottom wall part 222, rear wall parts 221.
As shown in Fig. 5, Fig. 6, Fig. 8, Fig. 9, the second housing section 220 is positioned on the lower wall portion 212 of the first housing section 210, and be supported for can be in the enterprising line slip of fore-and-aft direction (, the long side direction of band containing case 200) by peristome 208.
In addition, as shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 8, Fig. 9, the first housing section 210, on the front wall portion 213 of a side of glide direction that is positioned at the second housing section 220, there is the introducing port 207 for importing cover strip CV, and in the rearward end of opposite side that is positioned at described glide direction, there is described peristome 208.In this structure, carry from stripping off device 90 the cover strip CV coming, enter in band containing case 200 via introducing port 207, and push successively rear to.In band containing case 200, cover strip CV accumulates gradually, and when running up to whole band containing case 200 when interior, cover strip CV pushes the second housing section 220.And in inner pushing, as shown in Fig. 6, Fig. 9, the second housing section 220 is rearward slided with respect to the first housing section 210, expands thus the volume of accommodating of band containing case 200 by cover strip CV.
In addition, as shown in Figure 3, at the rear side of the outlet roller 93 of framework 59, be provided with by upper lower wall portion 97A, 97B and side wall portion surrounds and the guiding road 97 of extending along fore-and-aft direction.Introducing port 207 is communicated with this guiding road 97, is sent to the cover strip CV at rear from outlet roller 93 via described guiding road 97 and introducing port 207, runs up to successively in band containing case 200.
In addition, in described band containing case 200, can make at least a portion inner wall surface of the first housing section 210 be made as with respect to the surface that remains in adhesion medium on cover strip CV and have Abherent.This with reference to mode in, the inner wall surface 212A of inner wall surface 215A, the 216A of pair of sidewalls portion 215,216 shown in Fig. 7, Fig. 8 and the inner wall surface 211A of upper wall portions 211, lower wall portion 212 is made as with respect to the surface that remains in adhesion medium on cover strip CV and have Abherent.,, to the whole inner wall surface of the first housing section 210, implemented Abherent processing.As described Abherent processing, can adopt the method for fixing the Abherent material such as fluorine type resin material or silicones class material in the inner wall surface of the first housing section 210 in the trickle recess forming No. 2000-158157, Japanese Patent Publication communique JP (for example with reference to).In addition, the inner wall surface that also can be embodied in band containing case 200 forms trickle concavo-convex processing (for example, embossing processing processing etc.), thereby makes described inner wall surface have Abherent.
In addition,, except the inner wall surface of described the first housing section 210, also can make at least a portion inner wall surface of the second housing section 220 be made as the surface with Abherent.This with reference to mode in, make inner wall surface 223A, 224A and the inner wall surface 221A of rear wall parts 221, the inner wall surface 222A of bottom wall part 222 of a pair of opposed walls portion 223,224 shown in Fig. 6 or Fig. 8 be made as the surface with Abherent., the whole inner wall surface of the second housing section 220 has been implemented to Abherent processing.
In addition, as mentioned above, band containing case 200 and to keep the framework 59 of carrying device 80 and stripping off device 90 be mutually different parts, and also band containing case 200 is arranged on framework 59 with state removably, therefore, framework 59 and band containing case 200 can use different materials.As an one example, this with reference to mode in, framework 59 is made up of metal material (aluminium, iron, various alloys etc.), band containing case 200 is made up of resin material, and its inner wall surface has been implemented to the described surface treatment of giving Abherent.In addition, can certainly form band containing case 200 by metal material etc.
The inner wall surface of described band containing case 200 is being implemented to give in the surface-treated situation of Abherent, the introducing port 207 forming from the front wall portion 213 of the first housing section 210 is carried the cover strip CV coming, be not attached to the inner wall surface of the first housing section 210 and successfully move to rear, enter the inside of the second housing section 220, therefore, described cover strip CV is balancedly accumulated in the space being surrounded by the first housing section 210 and the second housing section 220.
In addition, as this is with reference to mode, in the structure that can move with respect to the first housing section 210 in the second housing section 220, if the inner wall surface of the first housing section 210 is not implemented to described surface treatment, because cover strip CV is attached in the inner wall surface of this first housing section 210, thereby can hinder the movement of the second housing section 220 or cover strip CV.But, this with reference to mode in, make the inner wall surface of the first housing section 210 be made as the surface with Abherent, thereby cover strip CV is difficult to be attached to the first housing section 210, its result, cover strip CV is successfully sent in the second housing section 220.Especially, this with reference to mode in, because the inner wall surface 211A that makes the upper wall portions 211 in the inner wall surface of the first housing section 210 is made as the surface with Abherent, thereby, the cover strip CV overflowing upward from the second housing section 220 is difficult to be attached to upper wall portions 211, can successfully carry out the movement of the second housing section 220 shown in Fig. 6, Fig. 9.
Then, just describe for the structure that band containing case 200 is installed on framework 59.
This with reference to mode in, band containing case 200 is by the bolt member 231 as jockey, be arranged on the framework 59 that maintains carrying device 80 and stripping off device 90 with state removably, and by removing jockey, as shown in figure 10, can dismantle band containing case 200 from framework 59.
As shown in Fig. 3, Figure 11, as the bolt member 231 of jockey, run through through hole 213B, 213C, 213D on the front wall portion 213 that is formed on band containing case 200, be screwed together in the thread groove 101,102,103 in the rear side wall portion 100 that is formed on framework 59.
In addition, this with reference to mode in, can load and unload the side wall portion 216 of band containing case 200, therefore, by opening this side wall portion 216, can operate bolt member 231.Wherein, as structure side wall portion 216 being installed on the main part of the first housing section 210 except this side wall portion 216, can adopt the structure connecting by bolt etc., or can also adopt on side wall portion 216 and form claw etc., and be fastened on the structure in the first housing section 210.
In addition, in the rear side wall portion 100 of framework 59, be formed with rearward outstanding jut 105,106 for location, on the front wall portion 213 of band containing case 200, be formed with through hole 213E, 213F for this jut 105,106 is inserted.In the time that band containing case 200 is installed on framework 59, first described jut 105,106 is inserted in through hole 213E, 213F, determine thus the position of band containing case 200 with respect to framework 59.Then,, under this state, make bolt member 231 be screwed together in respectively each thread groove 101,102,103, thereby can easily band containing case 200 be fixed on framework 59.
Then, electric installation portion 57 is described.
Electricity installation portion 57 is for to remaining on electric component on framework 59 (at this with reference to mode, first, second motor 81,91 etc.) electrically control, and there is the function that described electric component is provided to electric power, and described electric component is exported to the function of various signals.Wherein, electric installation portion 57 can only have a kind of function in described two kinds of functions.In addition, for the concrete structure of electric installation portion 57, describe in reference to mode at described later other.
Specifically, electric mounting portion 57 is arranged on the framework 59 that maintains carrying device 80 and stripping off device 90 with state removably, and, as shown in Figure 3, under installment state, be positioned at the below of framework 59.In the front portion of this electricity installation portion 57, be provided with the connector 58 for this electricity installation portion 57 and the control part 63 of housing 64 that is contained in component supplying apparatus installation portion 60 are electrically connected.This connector 58, the slide when component supplying apparatus 50 is arranged on component supplying apparatus installation portion 60, is inserted in the connector 68 of component supplying apparatus installation portion 60, thereby is electrically connected.And, by being electrically connected of component supplying apparatus 50 and component supplying apparatus installation portion 60, for driving driving electric power or the various control signal of first, second motor 81,91, be supplied to described two motor 81,91 of framework 59 via electric installation portion 57 from component supplying apparatus installation portion 60.
As electric installation portion 57 is connected to the jockey on framework 59, as shown in Fig. 3, Figure 12, adopt two bolt members 233.Particularly, make two bolt members 233 run through the through hole 241,242 in the upper wall portions 240 that is formed on electric installation portion 57, and this bolt member 233 is screwed together in the thread groove 121,122 in the A lower side wall portion 120 that is formed on framework 59, thereby connect electric installation portion 57 and framework 59.
In addition, in the A lower side wall portion 120 of framework 59, be provided with outstanding jut 127,128 for location downwards.In the time that electric installation portion 57 is installed on framework 59, first, described jut 127,128 is inserted in the through hole 245,246 in the upper wall portions 240 that is formed on electric installation portion 57, thereby determines the position of electric installation portion 57 with respect to framework 59.Then,, under this state, bolt member 233 and each thread groove 122,123 are screwed togather, thereby can easily electric installation portion 57 be fixed on framework 59.In addition, electric installation portion 57 is being arranged under the state on framework 59, the electricity connector 234,235 of installation portion 57 and the connector 124,125 of framework 59 engage, by described connector 234,235 and connector 124,125, electric power or control signal are delivered to the electric component (first, second motor 81,91) of framework 59 from electric installation portion 57.
In addition, electric installation portion 57, is also connected with band containing case 200.That is, the below of the interconnected framework 59 of former rear ordered state and band containing case 200, the electric installation portion 57 that installation can be loaded and unloaded, wherein, a part for electric installation portion 57 is connected with band containing case 200 by bolt member 232.Particularly, bolt member 232 runs through the through hole 243 being formed in upper wall portions 240, the thread groove 218 forming with the bottom at band containing case 200 screws togather, thus, electricity installation portion 57, with the state on the border across framework 59 and band containing case 200, be arranged on this framework 59 and band containing case 200.
As mentioned above, in the component supplying apparatus 50 at this with reference to mode, can change the volume of accommodating of band containing case 200, therefore, size that can free setting band containing case 200 according to behaviour in service.
Especially, band containing case 200, change and accommodate volume according to the increase of the amount of accommodating of cover strip CV that is contained in this band containing case 200, therefore, in the time that the amount of accommodating of cover strip CV is less, can make band containing case 200 compactnesses, and in the time that the amount of accommodating increases, what expand band containing case 200 accommodates volume to suitably keep a large amount of cover strip CV.
In addition the second housing section 220 that, band containing case 200 comprises the first housing section 210 and can move with respect to this first housing section 210.Adopt this structure, by the simple structure that only makes the second housing section 220 move with respect to the first housing section 210, can easily change the volume of accommodating of band containing case 200.
And the first housing section 210 is the box-formed shape that is formed with peristome 208 in its at least a portion, and the second housing section 220 can be in the enterprising line slip of prescribed direction by peristome 208.Adopt this structure, can more successfully carry out the expansion of accommodating volume of band containing case 200 or dwindle.
In addition, the first housing section 210 has the introducing port 207 for importing cover strip CV, and in the end side of described glide direction, has described peristome 208 on a side end of the glide direction of the second housing section 220.Adopt this structure, be accompanied by cover strip CV and be sent to successively peristome 208 sides from introducing port 207 sides, successfully moved to the outside of the first housing section 210 by the second housing section 220 of this cover strip CV pushing by peristome 208.Therefore,, according to the increase of the amount of accommodating of cover strip CV, can expand smoothly and automatically the volume of accommodating of band containing case 200.
In addition, this with reference to mode in, band containing case 200 is arranged on the framework 59 that maintains carrying device 80 and stripping off device 90 with state removably, therefore, when the parts of band containing case 200 and framework 59 (, carrying device 80 or stripping off device 90) wherein one of any while there is unfavorable condition, can be only to occurring that a side of unfavorable condition keeps in repair, replacing etc., therefore there is excellent maintainability, economy.
In addition, electricity installation portion 57 is arranged on the framework 59 that maintains carrying device 80 and stripping off device 90 with state removably, therefore, when the parts of framework 59 and electric installation portion 57 wherein one of any while there is unfavorable condition, can be only to occurring that a side of unfavorable condition keeps in repair, replacing etc., therefore there is excellent maintainability, economy.
That is, adopt described structure, the parts to framework 59, electric installation portion 57, band containing case 200, can keep in repair, replacing etc. independently, therefore at cost, more favourable aspect safeguarding.
In addition, because framework 59 is made up of metal material, band containing case 200 is made up of resin material, therefore, can guarantee the rigidity of framework 59, and can realize the lightweight of band containing case 200.
In addition, as the first variation with reference to mode, can enumerate following mode.(1) first with reference to mode in, whole band containing case 200 is independent of framework 59, still, a part for band containing case can become one with frame shape.For example, the first housing section 210 forms as one with framework 59.
At least a portion of (2) the first band containing cases 200 with reference to mode can form by having transparent resin material, thereby can confirm with eye the inside of band containing case 200 by having transparent resin material.Adopt this structure, operating personnel can be by confirming to be contained in cover strip CV in band containing case 200 with eye, thereby can suitably grasp the recovery period of band.Especially, for framework 59, because will guarantee its rigidity thereby be difficult to forms with transparent material, but, as the present invention, formed framework 59 and band containing case 200 by different parts in the situation that, just can be optionally form and do not need the band of too large rigidity containing case 200 by thering is transparent material, so comparatively desirable.
(3) first with reference to mode in, band containing case 200 and electric installation portion 57 are all parts different from framework 59, still, also can only make one of them is different parts.For example, band containing case 200 and framework 59 can be formed as one, and make electric installation portion 57 and framework 59 be made as different parts.On the contrary, electric installation portion 57 and framework 59 can be formed as one, and make band containing case 200 and framework 59 be made as different parts.
(4) first with reference to mode in, represent that the second housing section 220 is with respect to the first housing section 210 example of side shifting backward, but be not only limited to this structure, for example, can make the second housing section 220 relatively move to top or the side of the first housing section 210 yet.
(5) first with reference to mode in, represent that the second housing section 220 slides with respect to the first housing section 210, thereby change the example of accommodating volume in band containing case 200, but, for example, also can make the second housing section 220 rotate with respect to the first housing section 210, accommodate volume thereby change.
(second with reference to mode)
Below, describe with reference to mode with regard to second.Figure 13, Figure 14 are the schematic diagrames that represents the second band containing case adopting with reference to the component supplying apparatus of mode.In described figure, to putting on identical Reference numeral with first with reference to the identical structure of mode, description is omitted.Other is also identical in reference to mode and execution mode described later for this point.
As shown in Figure 13, Figure 14, within band containing case 200, be provided with maintaining body 260.This maintaining body 260 is for keeping (hold) at assigned position the second housing section 220, and has been applied in when accommodating the pushing force of volume direction of expansion in this second housing section 220, removes and keeps.Particularly, form maintaining body 260 by metallic plate 262 and magnet 261, in the time that the amount of accommodating of the cover strip CV in band containing case 200 is less, the second housing section 220 remains on the assigned position shown in Figure 13 the attraction of metallic plate 262 by magnet 261.On the other hand, in cover strip CV is accumulated in band containing case 200 gradually, and cover strip CV has been while having overcome the attraction of magnet 261 to the pushing force of the second housing section 220, and as shown in figure 14, hold mode is removed, and the second housing section 220 moves backward.
In addition, as shown in Figure 13, Figure 14, in the inside of band containing case 200, be provided with transducer 270 for exporting the detection signal corresponding with the amount of accommodating of the cover strip CV in band containing case 200 and an example for the notice mechanism that is equivalent to the present invention relates to according to the display part LP(notifying from the detection signal of transducer 270).
Transducer 207 is configured to pressure sensor, and when the amount of accommodating of cover strip CV acquires a certain degree, and cover strip CV is while exceeding setting to the pushing force of transducer 270, output detection signal.Control part 250 is made up of CPU etc., for obtaining the detection signal from transducer 270, to display part LP output drive signal.
Display part LP, for example, be made up of LED etc., and it is according to carrying out luminous from the driving signal of control part 250.In addition, in Figure 14, control part 250 and signal path have been omitted.Generally speaking, in the time that the strength of cover strip CV pushing transducer 270 exceedes setting, display part LP carries out luminous.
This with reference to mode in, owing to thering is maintaining body 260, for the second housing section 220 is remained on to assigned position, and remove and keep in the time that described the second housing section 220 has been applied in the pushing force of accommodating volume direction of expansion, therefore, in the time that the amount of accommodating of cover strip CV is insufficient, band containing case 200 suitably maintains the volume of accommodating of regulation, thereby stands vibration.On the other hand, if the amount of accommodating of cover strip CV increases, cover strip CV reaches and is enough to remove the degree keeping the pushing force of the second housing section 220, accommodates volume and starts to expand.Therefore, can prevent that vibration from waiting the improper expansion of accommodating volume causing, and can suitably run up to a certain degree to external notification cover strip CV.
In addition the display part LP(notice mechanism that, also there is the transducer 270 for exporting the detection signal corresponding with the amount of accommodating of the cover strip CV in band containing case 200 and notify from the detection signal of transducer 270 for basis).Therefore, the relevant operating personnel of this component supplying apparatus 50 wait and can, according to described notice, easily and suitably manage band containing case 200.
In addition, second with reference to mode in, represented that the display part LP being made up of luminous components such as LED is set to notify the example of mechanism, still, also can by other indication mechanisms such as liquid crystal display form notice mechanism.In addition, also can form notice mechanism by flexible piezoelectric sound-generating devices such as buzzers.
(the 3rd with reference to mode)
Below, describe with reference to mode with regard to the 3rd.Figure 15 represents the second band containing case adopting with reference to the component supplying apparatus of mode, and Figure 16 is exemplified with the band containing case different from Figure 15.The 3rd with reference to mode in, be that with reference to the difference of mode the outer wall surface of the second housing section 220 has adopted with first with reference to the different structure of mode from first, all the other structures and first basic identical with reference to mode.Wherein, in the band containing case 200 at this with reference to mode, the shape, decorative pattern, color that makes the outer wall surface of the second housing section 220 with and combination, be different from the outer wall surface of the first housing section 210, to make it obvious.
In the structure of Figure 15, make the color of the outer wall surface of the second housing section 220 be different from the outer wall surface of the first housing section 210, and under the state of accommodating volume minimum of band containing case 200, at least a portion of the outer wall surface of the second housing section 220 is surrounded by the first housing section.And, being accompanied by the second housing section 220 and moving with respect to the first housing section 210, the outside amount of exposing of the outer wall surface of this second housing section 220 is changed.
Specifically, as shown in figure 15, make the opposed walls portion 223 of the second housing section 220, 224 outer wall surface is (in Figure 15, represent the outer wall surface 224B of a side opposed walls portion 224), be made as the side wall portion 215 with the first housing section 210, 216(is with reference to Fig. 5) the different color of outer wall surface (for example, iridescent etc.), and, under the state of accommodating volume minimum of band containing case 200, the outer wall surface 224B that this color is different, all surrounded by the first housing section 210, move with respect to the first housing section 210 and be accompanied by the second housing section 220, the outer wall surface 224B of this second housing section 220 is changed to the amount of exposing of outside.
Adopt described structure, the relevant operating personnel of this component supplying apparatus 50 etc., the outer wall surface of the second housing section 220 can be easily grasped, and according to the amount of exposing of the outer wall surface of this second housing section 220, band containing case 200 status can be identified well.
In addition, in the structure of Figure 16, the notification indicia 280 of regulation is set in the outer wall surface of the second housing section 220, and, the second housing section 220, can be at this notification indicia 280 primary importance within the first housing section 210 and this notification indicia 280 between the second place of the first housing section 210 outsides, carry out displacement.The notification indicia 280 of Figure 16 is to arrive the cover strip CV recovery message in period for passing on, under the state of accommodating volume minimum of band containing case 200, this notification indicia 280 is surrounded by the first housing section 210, thereby cannot confirm with eye, and in the time that the slippage of the second housing section 220 exceedes ormal weight, as shown in figure 16, can confirm this notification indicia 280 with eye.
Adopt described structure, can easily identify the second housing section 220 from outside in primary importance or the second place.Therefore, the relevant operating personnel of this component supplying apparatus 50 etc., the position that can suitably grasp the second housing section 220 according to notification indicia 280, and can identify well band containing case 200 status.Especially, in the time that the slippage of the second housing section 220 exceedes ormal weight, can notify operating personnel to arrive recovery period, therefore, operating personnel can suitably grasp recovery period, can easily safeguard.
(the 4th with reference to mode)
Then, describe with reference to mode with regard to the 4th.Figure 17, Figure 18 are the schematic diagrames that represents the 4th band containing case adopting with reference to the component supplying apparatus of mode.This with reference to mode in, be can drive band containing case by actuator 400 with reference to the difference of mode with second, and omitted display part LP, remaining structure is identical with reference to mode with second.
This with reference to mode in, with reference to mode, be also provided with the transducer 270 for exporting the detection signal corresponding with the increase of the cover strip CV amount of accommodating in band containing case 200 as second.The structure of transducer 270 is identical with reference to mode with first, is configured to pressure sensor, when the amount of accommodating of cover strip CV acquires a certain degree, and when the strength of cover strip CV pushing transducer 270 exceeds setting, output detection signal.The actuator controlling organization that control part 290(is equivalent to the present invention relates to) formed by CPU etc., and obtain the detection signal from transducer 270, output is for the signal of drive actuator 400.Actuator 400, for making the second housing section 220 displacements, is configured to cylinder at this.
Particularly, if control part 290 outputs are for the driving signal of drive actuator 400, actuator 400 is not by having the drive circuit representing to be driven in figure, driving shaft 402 enters in cylinder portion 401, thereupon, as shown in figure 18, the second housing section 220 being connected with driving shaft 402 is slided.So, control part 290 is according to the driving of controlling actuator 400 from the detection signal of transducer 270, so that the second housing section 220 becomes large direction and carries out displacement to accommodating volume.In addition, in the situation that transducer 270 does not have output detection signal, by the control of control part 290, actuator 400 maintains the state shown in Figure 17.Generally speaking, in the time that the strength of cover strip CV pushing transducer 270 exceeds setting, the second housing section 220 is slided automatically.
Adopt this with reference to mode, according to the increase of the amount of accommodating of cover strip CV, the second housing section 220 is carried out displacement automatically, thereby expands the volume of accommodating of band containing case 200.Therefore, can alleviate relevant operating personnel's of this component supplying apparatus 50 etc. burden, and can more effectively expand and accommodate volume.And operating personnel are according to the sliding action of the second housing section 220, that can grasp cover strip CV accommodates range degree.
In addition, the 4th with reference to mode in, represented to be formed by cylinder the example of actuator 400, still, as long as can make the second housing section 220 slide, for example, can form actuator 400 by hydraulic cylinder or various motor etc.
(the first execution mode)
1. component supplying apparatus
Then, describe with regard to the first execution mode of the present invention.Figure 19 represents the component supplying apparatus that the first execution mode relates to.The structure of the component supplying apparatus 50 shown in this figure and first basic identical with reference to mode, comprising the carrying device 80 for delivery of component feeding band TP, for peel off cover strip CV stripping off device 90, keep the framework 59 of described two devices, provide the electric installation portion 57 of electric power or output signal and for accommodating band containing case 200 of cover strip CV etc. to described two devices.
In Figure 19, Reference numeral 159 represents band retainer.This band retainer 159 with the coming off of limiting element, and maintains the fastening state of carrier band CA and sprocket wheel 82 for the upper surface of pressing carrier band CA.And, leaning on the position of rear end of this band retainer 159, be provided with the joint-cutting (slit does not represent in figure) for cover strip CV is rearward turned back.
In addition, in the present embodiment, as first, second motor 81,91 of the drive source of carrying device 80 and stripping off device 90, formed by brushless DC motor.
In the inside of electric installation portion 57, contain to whole component supplying apparatus 50 control, controller 300(under the overall leadership is equivalent to controlling organization involved in the present invention).The structure of controller 300, as shown in figure 20, except the control device 301 for managing the control to described first, second motor 81,91, also comprises storage part 303, I/O port (I/O) 305 etc.On the other hand, as shown in figure 20, in surface mounting apparatus 10, be provided with control device 109.This control device 109 is for the action of centralized control surface mounting apparatus 10 each portions, and it is by comprising near the control part 63(Figure 19 being arranged on component supplying apparatus installation portion 60) form at interior various controls machine.
Then,, with reference to Figure 21, illustrate and be used for the control system of controlling as the second motor 91 of stripping off device 90 drive sources.
Reference numeral 311 shown in Figure 21 represents position-detection sensor.This position-detection sensor 311 is for detection of the position of the rotor magnetic pole of the second motor 91, and its position signalling Sc exporting is input to controller 300.Controller 300 monitors the rotation direction (forward/reversion) of the second motor 91 according to position signalling Sc, but also monitors rotating speed.
In addition, Reference numeral 313 represents comparison circuit, and Reference numeral 315 represents amplifying circuit, and Reference numeral 317 represents current control circuit, and Reference numeral 319 represents current sensor, and forms feedback control system by described each circuit.
Particularly, at current sensor 319, detect and be supplied to the motor current Im of the second motor 91, the detection signal Sr of output and the corresponding level of current value, the detection signal Sr that exported is input to comparison circuit 313.
In comparison circuit 313, implement the processing that the current instruction value S that control device 301 is provided and the detection signal Sr exporting from current sensor 319 compare, and the output control signal corresponding with deviation.Then, the control signal of being exported by comparison circuit 313, after amplifying by amplifying circuit 315, is provided to current control circuit 317 as operational ton.
Then, control (PWM control etc.) at current control circuit 317, deviation between current instruction value S and the motor current Im being provided with minimizing control device 301, its result, the motor current Im of the second motor 91 is consistent with current instruction value S, thus, the second motor 91 drives with certain torque.
In addition, do not adopt in the present embodiment the structure using sensor specials such as rotary encoders (rotary encoder) as position-detection sensor 311, be just arranged on the Hall element (hall device) in the second motor 91 originally and replace position-detection sensor 311 to adopt.So-called Hall element is the inside that is positioned at motor, for detection of the turned position of rotor magnetic pole.
2. assembling operation and installment work
Then a series of assembling operations that, carry out when changing the reel (in figure not represent) that is wound with component feeding band TP describe.Wherein, the assembling operation that operating personnel are undertaken by manual operation comprises following (1)~(3).
(1) installation exercise of component feeding band
First,, in the situation that having changed reel, component feeding band TP need to be arranged on the framework 59 of component supplying apparatus 50.For this reason, make component feeding band TP become from the state of reel (not having figure to represent) pull-out certain length.Then, as shown in figure 22, make pulled out front end by being arranged in the guiding channel 56 of framework 59, and pull to top from the front portion of framework 59.And under this state, from component feeding band, TP peels off cover strip CV, and carrier band CA is engaged on sprocket wheel 82.Afterwards, band retainer 159 is installed.Thus, complete the installation exercise of component feeding band TP to framework 59.
(2) component supplying apparatus is fixed on to the operation of component supplying apparatus installation portion
After the installation exercise of component feeding band TP, as shown in figure 23, carry out component supplying apparatus 50 to be arranged on the operation on component supplying apparatus installation portion 60.Particularly, by action bars 71 is carried out to manual operation, locking device 70 is started, component supplying apparatus 50 is fixed on component supplying apparatus installation portion 60.Thus, complete the fixed operation of component supplying apparatus 50.
In addition,, by this fixed operation, connector 58 is electrically connected with the connector 68 of fitting machine.Its result, via the power supply circuit etc. that does not have in the figure being arranged in electric installation portion 57 to represent, from power circuit 110(Figure 20 of surface mounting apparatus 10) provide electric power to each electric component (first, second motor 81,91) of component supplying apparatus 50, and start controller 300, by this controller 300, from control device 109(Figure 20 of surface mounting apparatus 10) input various control signals to described electric component.
(3) installation exercise of cover strip CV
After completing fixed operation, need to carry out stripping off device 90 to install the operation of cover strip CV.In this installation exercise, pushing roller 95 is lifted, away from outlet roller 93, and the front end of cover strip CV is inserted in the gap forming between two rollers 93,95.Then, make to push roller 95 and turn back to original position, thus, as shown in figure 24, the front end of cover strip CV is clipped between two rollers 93,95.Complete thus installation exercise, become stripping off device 90 and can batch the state of cover strip CV.
And under this state, if cover strip CV is pulled to device front side (the arrow B direction shown in Figure 24), as described below, the automatic entry into service of stripping off device 90, removes the lax of cover strip CV.
(4) by the lax removal of the cover strip operation of stripping off device
Controller 300 cooperates with the control device 109 of surface mounting apparatus 10, and stripping off device 90 is controlled.After having started to control, carry out S10 as shown in figure 25, the processing of S20, become and monitor the whether state of a control in inverted status of the second motor.Particularly, first, in S10, the position signalling Sc exporting according to position-detection sensor 311 detects the position of the rotor magnetic pole of the second motor 91.
Then,, in S20, according to described position probing result, judge by controller 300 whether the second motor 91 reverses.Two processing of described S10, S20, until till detecting the reversion of the second motor 91, repeatedly carry out.
At this, controller 300 starts stripping off device 90 to control in its startup.Therefore,, in the fixed operation of the component supplying apparatus 50 of described (2) completes, just start described stripping off device 90 to control.
As mentioned above, before operating personnel complete installation exercise, controller 300 just starts the processing (in detecting the state of a control of reversion) of described S10, S20.
Therefore, after the cover strip CV of (3) installation exercise completes, if cover strip CV is pulled to device front side by operating personnel, the strength of its drawing direction is delivered to the second motor 91 via outlet roller 93 and gear 92, make the second motor 91 reverse (rotating to the direction contrary with direction of recession), now, this reversion of motor is detected by controller 300 at once.Then,, by detecting that the described reversion of motor the judgement at S20 are judged as "Yes" in processing, the control operation of controller 300 enters the processing of S30.
In S30, by controller 300, rotation command is input to the control device 301 for managing the control to motor, make the second motor 91 start to rotate to forward direction.So, be the opportunity that makes the second motor 91 start to carry out forward driving to the detection of motor reversion.
As mentioned above, in the present embodiment, installation exercise of the present invention testing agency is for detection of the installation exercise that has carried out cover strip CV, comprising position-detection sensor 311, for detection of the position of the rotor magnetic pole of the second motor 91; And controller 300, detect the second motor 91 according to the position signalling Sc from described position-detection sensor 311 and reverse.And controlling organization of the present invention comprises controller 300, it makes this second motor 91 carry out forward driving the condition that is reversed to of the second motor 91 to be detected.
When the second motor 91 starts to drive while causing stripping off device 90 to start, outlet roller 93 and pushing roller 95 rotate, and cover strip CV is sent to device rear (being left side in Fig. 9) by the frictional force causing by its rotation.Thus, cover strip CV becomes its lax being removed and the state strained, and meanwhile, the second motor 91 is locked and in halted state.Under this state, in the second motor 91, also to proceed permanent torque (constant torque) and control, its result, to applying on cover strip CV and the tension force of the setpoint torque formed objects of the second motor 91.
Thus, complete the installation exercise of First component supplying apparatus 50.Thereafter, can be according to described operating sequence, residue component supplying apparatus 50 is installed.
Then, all component supplying apparatus 50 of changing object at reel are arranged on component supplying apparatus installation portion 60, and after lax being removed of the cover strip CV of each component supplying apparatus 50, in each component supplying apparatus 50, carry out first element to be sent to the operation of component feeding position 51, thereby become the state of the installation exercise that can start element.
In addition, in the time making first element be sent to component feeding position 51, start by stripping off device 90, cover strip CV peels off from carrier band CA, but due to providing all the time motor current on the second motor 91, thereby this second motor 91 also can continue to produce thereafter certain torque.
Therefore, in the time that cover strip CV generation is lax, the second motor 91 rotates automatically, and outlet roller 93 and pushing roller 95 are driven, and the cover strip CV being clipped between described two rollers 93,95 is sent to device rear.Therefore, arrive component feeding position 51 at first element, stripping off device 90 is in the time of halted state, and cover strip CV remains on the state (there is no lax tension) that pulls to device rear.
In addition install in order to start surface, for example, as long as (carry out predetermined operation,, press and in the figure being arranged on surface mounting apparatus 10, there is no the beginning switch of expression etc.), thus, in the following order, the printed base plate P flowing through on conveyer belt 20 is started to the surface installation of element.
If carry out described predetermined operation, the control device 109 of surface mounting apparatus 10 starts (with reference to Fig. 2) such as X-axis motor 44 and Y-axis motor 46 according to program, thereby head assembly 40 is moved towards the component feeding position 51 of each component supplying apparatus 50.After head assembly 40 arrives component feeding position 51, head 41 carries out lifting, thereby takes out (absorption) first element by head 41.
And, after head 41 has adsorbed element, checked the skew of element absorption position by camera 12.Afterwards, transfer adsorbed element by head assembly 40, and in this handover, proofread and correct the skew of the position of components that each head 41 adsorbs.Then,, after head 41 arrives on the component installation location of the regulation in substrate P, head 41 carries out lifting, and is accompanied by this lifting, and element is installed on printed base plate P.Thus, complete the installation of first element.
On the other hand, the control device 109 of surface mounting apparatus 10, when the processing of described first element is installed, makes component supplying apparatus 50 carry out action from second element to component feeding position 51 that send.,, after head 41 has taken out first element, control device 109 sends the instruction of the supply that starts second element to the controller 300 of component supplying apparatus 50., receive the controller 300 of each component supplying apparatus 50 of this instruction, the first motor 81 is sent to driving signal, carrying device 80 is started.Thus, start sending of component feeding band TP, second element conveyance is to component feeding position 51.
Now, although the second motor, in halted state, receives the motor current Im providing, produce the torque of regulation, therefore, on cover strip CV, continue to be applied with the tension force of drawing direction.Therefore,, if carrying device 80 starts to send component feeding band TP, cover strip CV peels off from carrier band CA thereupon.And lax if cover strip CV occurs, the second motor 91 automatically rotates to remove this and relaxes.
So, when component feeding band TP send beginning after, in course of conveying, cover strip CV is stripped from, and therefore, only has carrier band CA to be sent to device front.And the cover strip CV peeling off, by between outlet roller 93 and pushing roller 95, is sent to band containing case 200.
Then,, after the sendout of component feeding band TP reaches specific length, the first motor 81 and even carrying device 80 stop action, thereby complete the conveyance of second element towards component feeding position 51.Thus, become the state of the installation exercise that can start second element.
Afterwards, as first element, take out by head assembly 41 second element that is positioned at component feeding position 51, then, second element taking out is installed on printed base plate P.
And, in carrying out that described second element is installed to the processing in substrate P, in component supplying apparatus 50, carry out the 3rd element to be sent to the action of component feeding position 51.
3. effect
In the present embodiment, the condition that is reversed to of the second motor 91 to be detected, make the second motor 91 carry out forward driving.Adopt this structure, after changing reel, although operating personnel need to be undertaken cover strip CV to be installed to installation exercise on stripping off device 90 (by manual operation, cover strip CV is inserted to the operation between outlet roller 93 and pushing roller 95), but, need only drawing cover strip CV lightly, just can make the second motor 91 and even stripping off device 90 automatically start, thereby remove the lax of cover strip CV thereafter.Therefore, do not need the lax removal of carrying out specially under normal circumstances to start operation (for example, by pressing the beginning switch that there is no expression in figure, making the second motor 91 start the operation driving), thereby can save the corresponding time.
In addition, in the present embodiment, utilize and be just arranged on the signal that the Hall element in motor is exported originally, detect the rotation situation (detecting reversion) of the second motor 91.Adopt this structure, increase that can suppressing portion number of packages, can reduce the cost of device.
(the second execution mode)
Below, with reference to Figure 26, describe with regard to the second execution mode of the present invention.In the second execution mode, by monitoring the rotating speed of the second motor 91, the abnormal conditions such as the fracture of detection cover strip CV.
Particularly, in the present embodiment, the second motor 91 is carried out to permanent torque control, thereby when motor is in no load condition when there is fracture etc. due to cover strip CV, compared with common use state, the rotating speed of the second motor 91 rises.
Consider this point, in the present embodiment, the higher limit of the rotating speed of the second motor 91 of observing under common state is set as to limits value.And, process according to following control flow (having increased the processing of S50~S80 in the control flow of the first execution mode), detect the abnormal conditions such as fracture according to described limits value thus, when detecting that carrying out mistake (error) when abnormal processes.
First,, in S30, the second motor 91 starts forward and drives, and then, carries out the processing of S50, S60.In the processing of S50, S60, the position signalling Sc exporting according to position-detection sensor 311 detects the rotating speed of the second motor 91, and judges by controller 300 whether the rotating speed detecting exceedes described limits value.
If occur the abnormal conditions such as the fracture of cover strip CV, rotating speed can rise and exceed limits value.Its result is judged as "No", and carries out the processing corresponding with abnormality in processing afterwards in the time that the judgement of carrying out S60 is processed.
First, in S70, the processing that the second motor 91 is stopped by controller 300, then, in S80, notify the mistake processing of abnormal conditions, for example, being made to be arranged on by the control device 109 of controller 300 and surface mounting apparatus 10 does not have the shinny processing such as the emergency warning lamp of expression in the figure on surface mounting apparatus 10.
Adopt described structure, in the situation that occurring that cover strip CV fracture etc. is abnormal, can find early this situation, thereby can improve the reliability of system.In addition, adopt the structure of present embodiment, special-purpose member need not be set separately, also can detect abnormal conditions, thereby, and by being set, special equipment detects compared with abnormal structure, more favourable on cost.
(the 3rd execution mode)
Below, with reference to Figure 27, describe with regard to the 3rd execution mode of the present invention.
In the first described execution mode, by the reversion of the second motor 91, detect the cover strip CV installation exercise to stripping off device 90, and, described in detecting, be reversed to condition, the second motor 91 is driven.And in the 3rd execution mode, by the displacement action of pushing roller 95, detected the cover strip CV installation exercise to carrying device 80.
Particularly, in the present embodiment, as shown in figure 27, be provided with limit switch 320 in the top position of pushing roller 95.
When operating personnel lift pushing roller 95 for cover strip CV being installed on stripping off device 90, the top of the pushing roller 95 lifting contacts with limit switch 320.Thus, limit switch 320 is to controller 300 output detection signal Se., controller 300 is judged as the installation exercise that stripping off device 90 has been carried out to cover strip CV, and this controller 300 is to the second motor 91 output drive signals, and the second motor starts forward and drives.
Even if adopt described structure, also can obtain the effect identical with the first execution mode.; although operating personnel need to be undertaken cover strip CV to be installed to the installation exercise on stripping off device 90 by manual operation,, thereafter by the action of limit switch 320; can make the second motor 91 automatically start forward and drive, thereby remove the lax of cover strip CV.Therefore, can omit the specialized operations of carrying out in order to remove the lax of cover strip CV.
In addition, in the present embodiment, by the limit switch 320 lifting for detection of pushing roller 95 and the controller 300 that detects the installation exercise that carries out cover strip CV according to the detection signal Se from this limit switch 320, form " installation exercise testing agency " of the present invention.
(the 4th execution mode)
In the 4th execution mode, according to circumstances switch the setpoint torque of the second motor 91.The concrete setting of torque, as shown in figure 28, after the second motor 91 has just started forward, is set as maximum torque.Thereafter, torque switches to intermediate level in the rotation way of motor, and in the time stopping, switching to little torque.Wherein, the switching of this torque is to offer by changing from control device 301 (with reference to Figure 21) that the current instruction value S of comparison circuit 313 realizes.
So, by the setpoint torque of switching motor according to circumstances, can suppress the fracture of cover strip CV.Particularly, when motor starting, need larger torque, still, after motor starts to rotate, if the upper tension force being applied with to a certain degree of cover strip CV, so large torque while not needing as motor starting.
If the setpoint torque of the second motor 91 remains on as started torque so large when forward, especially at motor in the time stopping, on cover strip CV, applying excessive strength, there will be fracture.But, if adopt described structure, owing to switching to less torque after motor starting, thereby can avoid described fracture in advance.And, adopt described structure, can suppress the current sinking of motor, also have superiority in this regard.
In addition, the concrete switching time of torque, should determine according to the rotation situation of motor, wherein, can judge by the rotating speed of the motor that detects according to the position signalling Sc of position-detection sensor 311 the rotation situation of motor.
(other execution mode)
The present invention is not only limited to the execution mode describing by described description and accompanying drawing, and for example, following execution mode also belongs to technical scope of the present invention, and, except following execution mode, not departing from the scope of main points of the present invention, can carry out various changes.
For example, in the first embodiment, by detecting the reversion of the second motor 91, detect and completed installation exercise, and in the 3rd execution mode, push the displacement action of roller 95 by detection, detect and completed installation exercise, still, in addition, for example can on the introducing port of band containing case 200 207, transducer be set, utilize this transducer to detect the discrepancy of object (cover strip CV) to introducing port 207, thereby detect described installation exercise.
Finally, the structure of the present invention and the effect thereof that describe according to described each execution mode are summarized as follows.
Component supplying apparatus of the present invention comprises: delivering mechanism, the component feeding band with carrier band and cover strip is sent to the element extracting position of regulation, described carrier band is accommodated element at certain intervals, and described cover strip sticks on described carrier band to cover the element of being accommodated; And mechanism for stripping, described cover strip is pulled to the direction different from the transport direction of described delivering mechanism, to peel off described cover strip from described carrier band, and described component supplying apparatus also comprises: the first motor, as the drive source of described delivering mechanism; The second motor, as the drive source of described mechanism for stripping; Controlling organization, controls described the first motor and the second motor; And installation exercise testing agency, detect and carried out described cover strip to remain on the installation exercise on described mechanism for stripping with the state that can reclaim; Wherein, described controlling organization detects that taking described installation exercise testing agency described installation exercise is as condition, drives described the second motor, makes described mechanism for stripping start to reclaim described cover strip.
Component supplying apparatus of the present invention, detects that taking structure installation exercise is as condition, drives the second motor of mechanism for stripping.According to this structure, in the time changing reel etc., the installation exercise before operating personnel only move, component supplying apparatus drives the second motor, cover strip described in mechanism for stripping the automatic recovery.Therefore need not operating personnel in person make the operation of mechanism for stripping starting, thereby can save the corresponding time, thus more convenient.
In component supplying apparatus of the present invention, comparatively it is desirable to, whether described installation exercise testing agency, rotate towards the direction contrary with direction of recession according to described the second motor, detects and carried out described installation exercise.
Further it is desirable to, described mechanism for stripping comprises: gear, receives the actuating force of described the second motor, outlet roller, rotates by the transmission corresponding with the rotation of described gear, with pushing roller, be arranged on the position of facing mutually with described outlet roller, carry out driven rotation along with sending of described outlet roller, and between described outlet roller, clamp described cover strip, wherein, between described outlet roller and described pushing roller, be inserted with under the state of described cover strip, when described cover strip is towards the direction contrary with direction of recession during by drawing, described in drawing, the power of cover strip is via described outlet roller and described gear and be delivered to described the second motor, described the second motor is rotated towards the direction contrary with direction of recession, described installation exercise testing agency detects and has carried out described installation exercise.
Further it is desirable in addition, described the second motor is brushless DC motor, there is the Hall element for detection of the turned position of rotor magnetic pole in inside, wherein, described installation exercise testing agency, whether the signal of exporting according to described Hall element, detect described the second motor and rotate towards the direction contrary with direction of recession.
In component supplying apparatus of the present invention, comparatively it is desirable in addition, described controlling organization is by motor current follow current command value, so that described the second motor is carried out to permanent torque control, described controlling organization, exceed setting as condition taking the rotating speed of described the second motor, carried out the mistake processing of notice abnormal conditions.
In addition, surface mounting apparatus of the present invention, possesses: pedestal; Conveyer belt, is arranged on described pedestal and for conveyance substrate; Described component supplying apparatus, is arranged on the both sides of described conveyer belt; And head assembly, be arranged on the top of described pedestal; Described head assembly moves on the region between can the installation site on described component supplying apparatus and described substrate, to take out element and be installed to substrate from described component supplying apparatus; Described head assembly is supported on the head assembly support component extending along the substrate transferring direction of described conveyer belt, and can move along described substrate transferring direction; The both ends of described head assembly support component are supported on guide rail, and described guide rail is along extending with the orthogonal orthogonal direction of described substrate transferring direction in horizontal plane, and described head assembly support component can move along described orthogonal direction; Described head assembly is by being carried out the first ballscrew shaft of rotating drive and driven along described substrate transferring direction by carrying direction motor; Described head assembly support component is driven along described orthogonal direction by carrying out the second ballscrew shaft of rotating drive by orthogonal direction motor.

Claims (6)

1. a component supplying apparatus, comprise: delivering mechanism, the component feeding band with carrier band and cover strip is sent to the element extracting position of regulation, and described carrier band is accommodated element at certain intervals, and described cover strip sticks on described carrier band to cover the element of being accommodated; And mechanism for stripping, described cover strip is pulled to the direction different from the transport direction of described delivering mechanism, to peel off described cover strip from described carrier band;
Described component supplying apparatus is also characterised in that and comprises:
The first motor, as the drive source of described delivering mechanism;
The second motor, as the drive source of described mechanism for stripping;
Controlling organization, controls described the first motor and described the second motor; And
Installation exercise testing agency, detects and has carried out described cover strip to remain on the installation exercise on described mechanism for stripping with the state that can reclaim; Wherein,
Described controlling organization, detects that taking described installation exercise testing agency described installation exercise is as condition, drives described the second motor, makes described mechanism for stripping start to reclaim described cover strip.
2. component supplying apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that:
Whether described installation exercise testing agency, rotate towards the direction contrary with direction of recession according to described the second motor, detects and carried out described installation exercise.
3. component supplying apparatus according to claim 2, is characterized in that:
Described mechanism for stripping comprises:
Gear, receives the actuating force of described the second motor;
Outlet roller, rotates by the transmission corresponding with the rotation of described gear; With
Pushing roller, is arranged on the position of facing mutually with described outlet roller, and carry out driven rotation along with sending of described outlet roller, and between described outlet roller, clamp described cover strip, wherein,
Between described outlet roller and described pushing roller, be inserted with under the state of described cover strip, when described cover strip is towards the direction contrary with direction of recession during by drawing, described in drawing, the power of cover strip is via described outlet roller and described gear and be delivered to described the second motor, described the second motor is rotated towards the direction contrary with direction of recession, and described installation exercise testing agency detects and has carried out described installation exercise.
4. component supplying apparatus according to claim 2, is characterized in that:
Described the second motor is brushless DC motor, has the Hall element for detection of the turned position of rotor magnetic pole in inside, wherein,
Described installation exercise testing agency, whether the signal of exporting according to described Hall element, detect described the second motor and rotate towards the direction contrary with direction of recession.
5. component supplying apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that:
Described controlling organization is by motor current follow current command value, so that described the second motor is carried out to permanent torque control,
Described controlling organization, has exceeded setting as condition taking the rotating speed of described the second motor, carries out the mistake processing of notice abnormal conditions.
6. a surface mounting apparatus, is characterized in that: possess:
Pedestal;
Conveyer belt, is arranged on described pedestal and for conveyance substrate;
Component supplying apparatus described in any one of claim 1 to 5, is arranged on the both sides of described conveyer belt; And
Head assembly, is arranged on the top of described pedestal;
Described head assembly moves on the region between can the installation site on described component supplying apparatus and described substrate, to take out element and be installed to substrate from described component supplying apparatus;
Described head assembly is supported on the head assembly support component extending along the substrate transferring direction of described conveyer belt, and can move along described substrate transferring direction;
The both ends of described head assembly support component are supported on guide rail, and described guide rail is along extending with the orthogonal orthogonal direction of described substrate transferring direction in horizontal plane, and described head assembly support component can move along described orthogonal direction;
Described head assembly is by being carried out the first ballscrew shaft of rotating drive and driven along described substrate transferring direction by carrying direction motor,
Described head assembly support component is driven along described orthogonal direction by carrying out the second ballscrew shaft of rotating drive by orthogonal direction motor.
CN201110039558.7A 2006-10-03 2007-10-03 Component supplying device and surface mounter Active CN102105045B (en)

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JP2006272102A JP4783255B2 (en) 2006-10-03 2006-10-03 Component supply device and surface mounter
JP2006-271690 2006-10-03
JP2006271688A JP4832243B2 (en) 2006-10-03 2006-10-03 Component supply device and surface mounter
JP2006271690A JP2008091676A (en) 2006-10-03 2006-10-03 Component supplying device and surface mounter
JP2006-271688 2006-10-03
JP2006-272102 2006-10-03

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