CN102104326A - Vehicle-used DC-to-DC conversion device with communication function - Google Patents

Vehicle-used DC-to-DC conversion device with communication function Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102104326A
CN102104326A CN2009102598733A CN200910259873A CN102104326A CN 102104326 A CN102104326 A CN 102104326A CN 2009102598733 A CN2009102598733 A CN 2009102598733A CN 200910259873 A CN200910259873 A CN 200910259873A CN 102104326 A CN102104326 A CN 102104326A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
automobile
communication function
conversion equipment
vehicle
control
Prior art date
Application number
CN2009102598733A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈金火
汤博文
倪嘉隆
尤其义
曹文升
萧克域
Original Assignee
台达电子工业股份有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 台达电子工业股份有限公司 filed Critical 台达电子工业股份有限公司
Priority to CN2009102598733A priority Critical patent/CN102104326A/en
Publication of CN102104326A publication Critical patent/CN102104326A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a vehicle-used DC-to-DC conversion device with a communication function, which is used on an electric vehicle or a hybrid vehicle comprising a vehicle control system. The vehicle-used DC-to-DC conversion device with the communication function comprises a DC-to-DC converter, a control circuit and a system communication interface, wherein the control circuit is electrically connected with the DC-to-DC converter; the system communication interface is electrically connected to the control circuit and the vehicle control system; the control circuit can detect the working state of the DC-to-DC converter and informs the vehicle control system through the system communication interface; and the vehicle control system can control the control circuit through the system communication interface so as to control the DC-to-DC converter.

Description

Automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment with communication function
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of DC-DC conversion equipment, particularly a kind of automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment with communication function.
Background technology
Because increasingly sharpening of energy crisis and global warming, the action of implementing earth carbon reduction is very urgent; And the fuel transport facility is one of main cause that causes energy crisis and global warming; Therefore the development of electric motor car and oily electric hybrid vehicle must become following trend.
On electric motor car and the oily electric hybrid vehicle high-voltage battery and a low-voltage battery are housed.High-voltage battery through inverter converts with CD-ROM drive motor, so that car power to be provided; Low-voltage battery then provides peripheral electric equipment electric power on the car.Used the vehicle of gasoline to produce the charging of electric energy supply low-voltage battery by internal combustion engine in the past; Electric motor car does not have internal combustion engine, therefore must install the low-voltage generator additional, so that low-voltage battery is charged; Otherwise the low-voltage battery on the car in use for some time, and brownout again can't real time charging, will cause electric motor car puzzlement greatly in the use.
Please refer to Fig. 1, it is the low-voltage battery charging technique schematic diagram for the vehicle of existing internal combustion engine.The vehicle of existing internal combustion engine can't be converted to low-voltage dc power supply with high-voltage dc power supply, so that low-voltage battery is charged, can only adopt 70 pairs of low-voltage battery 50a chargings of low-voltage charger or provide electric power to give a low-voltage equipment 40a, therefore not be suitable for electric motor car and oily electric hybrid vehicle.
Please refer to Fig. 2, it is the low-voltage battery charging technique schematic diagram for existing electric motor car or oily electric hybrid vehicle.One high-voltage charge device 10a is except can charging to a high-voltage battery 20a, also can high-voltage power supply be converted to LVPS by the direct current transducer 304a that circulates always, with to low-voltage battery 50b charging, or provide electric power to give a low-voltage equipment 40b.
But in the middle of prior art as shown in Figure 2, the vehicle control system on the car (not icon) but can't be controlled the operating state of understanding this DC-DC transducer 304a.The application of Vehicular power supply system is to improve the reliability of electricity consumption, and it should be had the ability to detect various faults and make suitable handling procedure; Yet will reduce the reliability that power-supply system is powered for can't in time reacting the fault that detects; The lighter causes Vehicular battery to damage, and severe patient may cause traffic safety.Prior art as shown in Figure 2 can't provide power information to give vehicle control system, also can't satisfy the energy-conservation effect that electric motor car or oily electric hybrid vehicle are desired to reach.
Summary of the invention
For improving the shortcoming of above-mentioned prior art, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment, in time to detect fault and to handle with communication function.
For reaching above-mentioned purpose of the present invention, automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment with communication function provided by the invention, be applied on an electric motor car or the oily electric hybrid vehicle, this electric motor car or oily electric hybrid vehicle comprise a vehicle control system, and this automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment with communication function comprises: direct current transducer circulates always; One control circuit is electrically connected to this DC-DC transducer; And a system communication interface, be electrically connected to this control circuit and this vehicle control system.Wherein, this control circuit predicts the operating state of this DC-DC transducer and notifies this vehicle control system by this system communication interface; This vehicle control system is controlled this control circuit to control this DC-DC transducer by this system communication interface.
Effect of the present invention is, the automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment with communication function of vehicle provided by the invention is that high-voltage dc power supply is converted to low-voltage dc power supply, so that this low-voltage battery charging and various power supply that needs the electric equipment of LVPS to be provided.And by control circuit, connect mutually with this vehicle control system as microcontroller (MCU) and other software and hardware facilities, so that being provided, required this of this vehicle control system have the information of the automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment of communication function; And control this automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment to reach best efficiency with communication function by this vehicle control system.
Describe the present invention below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, but not as a limitation of the invention.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the low-voltage battery charging technique schematic diagram of the vehicle of existing internal combustion engine;
Fig. 2 is the low-voltage battery charging technique schematic diagram of existing electric motor car or oily electric hybrid vehicle;
Fig. 3 uses block diagram for the automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment with communication function of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the automobile-used DC-DC conversion device control method embodiment flow chart with communication function of the present invention.
Wherein, Reference numeral
Low-voltage charger 70
Low-voltage equipment 40a
Low-voltage battery 50a
High-voltage charge device 10a
High-voltage battery 20a
DC-DC transducer 304a
Low-voltage equipment 40b
Low-voltage battery 50b
High-voltage charge device 10
High-voltage battery 20
Automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 with communication function
Low-voltage equipment 40
Low-voltage battery 50
Vehicle control system 60
Display 70
Electromagnetic interference and electromagnetic compatibility filter 302
DC-DC transducer 304
Control circuit 306
System communication interface 308
Environment temperature sensor 310
Assembly temperature transducer 312
Step S10~S84
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing structural principle of the present invention and operation principle are done concrete description:
Characteristic with automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment of communication function of the present invention is to provide one to convert high-voltage power supply the transducer (DC-to-DC Converter) of LVPS to solve the problem of power supply on vehicle system, and can detect power supply situation and various failure situations in real time, offer vehicle control system and be further analyzed and make suitable handling procedure, to improve usefulness and traffic safety.
Please refer to Fig. 3, it is to use block diagram for the automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment with communication function of the present invention.DC-DC conversion equipment 30 with communication function of the present invention is to be applied to an electric motor car or oily electric hybrid vehicle (not shown), and this electric motor car or oily electric hybrid vehicle comprise a vehicle control system 60, a high-voltage battery 20, a low-voltage equipment 40, a low-voltage battery 50 and a display 70.This DC-DC conversion equipment 30 with communication function comprises an electromagnetic interference and electromagnetic compatibility filter 302, circulate direct current transducer 304, a control circuit 306, a system communication interface 308, an environment temperature sensor 310 and an assembly temperature transducer 312 always.
This control circuit 306 is to be electrically connected to this DC-DC transducer 304, this system communication interface 308, this environment temperature sensor 310 and this assembly temperature transducer 312; This DC-DC transducer 304 is to be electrically connected to this electromagnetic interference and electromagnetic compatibility filter 302, this control circuit 306, this low-voltage equipment 40 and this low-voltage battery 50; This electromagnetic interference and electromagnetic compatibility filter 302 are to be electrically connected to this DC-DC transducer 304, a high-voltage charge device 10 and this high-voltage battery 20; This vehicle control system 60 is to be electrically connected to this system communication interface 308 and this display 70.
Of the present invention focusing on: this control circuit 306 can predict the operating state of this DC-DC transducer 304 and notify this vehicle control system 60 by this system communication interface 308; This vehicle control system 60 can be by these system communication interface 308 these control circuits 306 of control to control this DC-DC transducer 304.The example of execution mode is detailed later.
All suitching type electronic equipments all can produce the noise of some high frequencies or low frequency when running, and disturb ancillary equipment (as broadcast receiver on the Harassment Vehicle) via the mode of conduction or radiation.Can suppress the to vibrate emission of harmonic wave of this electromagnetic interference and electromagnetic compatibility filter 302, make disturb reduce to minimum.
This DC-DC transducer 304 can be the DC-DC transducer of various isolated forms (Isolation) or non-isolation type (Non-isolation).This DC-DC transducer 304 can convert the high-voltage dc power supply (for example about 200~400 volts) of this high-voltage charge device 10 or this high-voltage battery 20 to fixing or variable low-voltage dc power supply (for example about 10~16 volts), to supply with the power supply of this low-voltage battery 50 and this low-voltage equipment 40.
This control circuit 306 is in order to control the running of this DC-DC transducer 304, and detect the real time status (being detailed later) of this DC-DC transducer 304, and it storage read to treat this vehicle control system 60, and the order of accepting this vehicle control system 60 is to control this DC-DC transducer 304.
This system communication interface 308 can be for example internal integration circuit (Inter-Integrated Circuit, I2C), power management bus (PM Bus), regional Internet network (Local Interconnect Network, LIN) or control area net network (Controller Area Network, CAN) or the like communication protocol.This vehicle control system 60 can be for example drive a vehicle computer or vehicle electric control unit (Electronic Control Units, ECU).This low-voltage equipment 40 for example can be sound equipment or the like electronic equipment in car light or the car.This assembly temperature transducer 312 is in order to measure the assembly temperature that this has the automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 of communication function; This environment temperature sensor 310 is in order to measure the ambient temperature that this has the automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 of communication function.
Please refer to Fig. 4, it is the automobile-used DC-DC conversion device control method embodiment flow chart that has communication function for of the present invention; And please also refer to Fig. 3.Details are as follows:
1. when this ambient temperature with automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 of communication function was higher than one first predetermined temperature or is lower than one second predetermined temperature, this had automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 off-loads (derating) of communication function; Wherein this first predetermined temperature is higher than this second predetermined temperature (S10).Then, this automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 with communication function transmits an off-load signal to this vehicle control system 60, so as to notify this vehicle control system 60 this have automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 off-loads (S12) of communication function; This display 70 shows that this has automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 off-loads (S14) of communication function.
For example in the desert of sweltering heat, drive, this ambient temperature with automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 of communication function may be up to 50 ℃ Celsius, to improve 60 ℃ again but this automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 with communication function operates to the full load assembly, be 110 ℃ so always meet together; Be limited to 100 ℃ if this has on the design temperature of automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 safe operations of communication function, then can cause this 30 shutdown of automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment with communication function; Therefore these automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 off-loads with communication function are shut down to avoid exceeding the design temperature upper limit of safe operation.
A kind of execution mode is that temperature sensing component (for example negative tempperature coefficient thermistor) is placed in the assembly next door that temperature is lower in this automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 with communication function, to measure the ambient temperature that this has the automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 of communication function; For example, sense ambient temperature when being-40 ℃~0 ℃ (temperature is low excessively) Celsius or 40 ℃~75 ℃ (temperature is too high) Celsius with this environment temperature sensor 310, this automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 with communication function promptly carries out off-load.
2. when this temperature with automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 of communication function is higher than one the 3rd predetermined temperature, this automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 with communication function transmits the too high off signal of a temperature to this vehicle control system 60, prepares shutdown (S20) so as to notifying these vehicle control system 60 these automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipments 30 with communication function.Then, this has automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 shutdown (S22) of communication function; This display 70 shows this automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment with communication function 30 shut down because temperature is too high (S24).When this temperature with automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 of communication function is lower than the 3rd predetermined temperature one specified number of degrees, this automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 start shooting once again (S26) with communication function.
A kind of execution mode is that temperature sensing component (for example negative tempperature coefficient thermistor) is placed in the assembly next door that temperature is the highest in this automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 with communication function, in order to measure the assembly temperature that this has the automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 of communication function; For example sense assembly temperature when being higher than the 3rd predetermined temperature (100 ℃ for example Celsius) with this assembly temperature transducer 312, this automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 with communication function cuts out, and opens again automatically when temperature reduces again.
3. when this has the output overcurrent (or short circuit) of automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 of communication function, this automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 with communication function transmits an overcurrent off signal to this vehicle control system 60, prepares shutdown (S30) so as to notifying these vehicle control system 60 these automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipments 30 with communication function.Then, this has automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 shutdown (S32) of communication function; This display 70 shows that this automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment with communication function 30 is because export overcurrent shut down (S34).When this output current with automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 of communication function is lower than a load current value and no longer during overcurrent, this automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 start shooting once again (S36) with communication function.
4. when these high-voltage battery 20 overvoltage, this automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 with communication function transmits a high-voltage battery overvoltage signal to this vehicle control system 60, prepares shutdown (S40) so as to notifying these vehicle control system 60 these automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipments 30 with communication function.Then, this has automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 shutdown (S42) of communication function; This display 70 shows this automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment with communication function 30 because these high-voltage battery 20 overvoltage and shut down (S44).When this high-voltage battery 20 recovers normally no longer overvoltage, this automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 start shooting once again (S46) with communication function.
For example the relay on the car (relay) produces voltage (inductive effect) in switching moment on lead, be added to when producing overvoltage on this high-voltage battery 20, or take place unusual during 10 pairs of these high-voltage batteries of this high-voltage charge device 20 charging and produce overvoltage, then this moment, this had automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 shutdown of communication function; When this high-voltage battery 20 recovered normally no longer overvoltage, this automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 with communication function was started shooting once again.
5. when these low-voltage battery 50 overvoltage, this automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 with communication function transmits a low-voltage battery overvoltage signal to this vehicle control system 60, prepares shutdown (S50) so as to notifying these vehicle control system 60 these automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipments 30 with communication function.Then, this has automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 shutdown (S52) of communication function; This display 70 shows this automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment with communication function 30 because these low-voltage battery 50 overvoltage and shut down (S54).When this low-voltage battery 50 recovers normally no longer overvoltage, this automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 start shooting once again (S56) with communication function.
For example irritate a high voltage when this automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 generations unusual (inside has assembly to damage) or outer counter with communication function, then this moment, this had automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 shutdown of communication function; When this low-voltage battery 50 recovered normally no longer overvoltage, this automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 with communication function was started shooting once again.
6. when these high-voltage battery 20 low-voltages, this automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 with communication function transmits a high-voltage battery low voltage signal to this vehicle control system 60, prepares shutdown (S60) so as to notifying these vehicle control system 60 these automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipments 30 with communication function.Then, this has automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 shutdown (S62) of communication function; This display 70 shows this automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment with communication function 30 because these high-voltage battery 20 low-voltages and shut down (S64).When this high-voltage battery 20 recovers normally no longer low-voltage, this automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 start shooting once again (S66) with communication function.
For example cause brownout because of consuming electric power when this high-voltage battery 20, or during voltage collapse, this have automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 shutdown of communication function; When this high-voltage battery 20 recovered normally no longer low-voltage, this automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 with communication function was started shooting once again.
7. when these low-voltage battery 50 low-voltages, this automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 with communication function transmits a low-voltage battery low voltage signal to this vehicle control system 60, prepares shutdown (S70) so as to notifying these vehicle control system 60 these automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipments 30 with communication function.Then, this has automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 shutdown (S72) of communication function; This display 70 shows this automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment with communication function 30 because these low-voltage battery 50 low-voltages and shut down (S74).When this low-voltage battery 50 recovers normally no longer low-voltage, this automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 start shooting once again (S76) with communication function.
For example unusual (inside has assembly to damage) takes place when this low-voltage battery 50, or when voltage collapse was arranged, this had automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 shutdown of communication function; When this low-voltage battery 50 recovered normally no longer low-voltage, this automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 with communication function was started shooting once again.
8. (for example car key is inserted the car key hole, rotate car key to start vehicle) when Vehicle power ON, this has the automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment start (S80) of communication function these vehicle control system 60 controls; Then, this display 70 shows these automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipments 30 with communication function started shooting (S82).When closing vehicle power supply (for example that vehicle is flame-out), this has automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 shutdown (S84) of communication function these vehicle control system 60 controls.That is this vehicle control system 60 can carry out two-way communication with this automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 with communication function.Again for example, when this vehicle control system 60 (or vehicle) have unusual condition for example soaked, suffer bump, when on fire, close the automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 that this has communication function.
The automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment with communication function of vehicle provided by the invention is that high-voltage dc power supply is converted to low-voltage dc power supply, so that this low-voltage battery 50 charging and various power supplys that need the electric equipment of LVPS to be provided.And by control circuit, connect mutually with this vehicle control system 60 as microcontroller (MCU) and other software and hardware facilities, so that being provided, required this of this vehicle control system 60 have the information of the automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 of communication function; And control this automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment 30 to reach best efficiency with communication function by this vehicle control system 60.
Certainly; the present invention also can have other various embodiments; under the situation that does not deviate from spirit of the present invention and essence thereof; those of ordinary skill in the art work as can make various corresponding changes and distortion according to the present invention, but these corresponding changes and distortion all should belong to the protection range of the appended claim of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. the automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment with communication function is applied on an electric motor car or the oily electric hybrid vehicle, and this electric motor car or oily electric hybrid vehicle comprise a vehicle control system, it is characterized in that, this DC-DC conversion equipment comprises:
Direct current transducer circulates always;
One control circuit is electrically connected to this DC-DC transducer; And
One system communication interface is electrically connected to this control circuit and this vehicle control system,
Wherein, this control circuit predicts the operating state of this DC-DC transducer and notifies this vehicle control system by this system communication interface; This vehicle control system is controlled this control circuit to control this DC-DC transducer by this system communication interface.
2. the automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment with communication function according to claim 1 is characterized in that, also comprises an electromagnetic interference and electromagnetic compatibility filter, is electrically connected to this DC-DC transducer.
3. the automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment with communication function according to claim 1 is characterized in that this system communication interface is internal integration circuit, power management bus, regional Internet network or control area net network.
4. the automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment with communication function according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, also comprise an assembly temperature transducer, be electrically connected to this control circuit, so as to measuring the assembly temperature that this has the automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment of communication function.
5. the automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment with communication function according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, also comprise an environment temperature sensor, be electrically connected to this control circuit, so as to measuring the ambient temperature that this has the automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment of communication function.
6. the automobile-used DC-DC conversion equipment with communication function according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, this vehicle control system is electrically connected to a display, and this control circuit predicts the operating state of this DC-DC transducer and notifies this vehicle control system and this operating state is shown in this display by this system communication interface.
CN2009102598733A 2009-12-16 2009-12-16 Vehicle-used DC-to-DC conversion device with communication function CN102104326A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009102598733A CN102104326A (en) 2009-12-16 2009-12-16 Vehicle-used DC-to-DC conversion device with communication function

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009102598733A CN102104326A (en) 2009-12-16 2009-12-16 Vehicle-used DC-to-DC conversion device with communication function

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Publication Number Publication Date
CN102104326A true CN102104326A (en) 2011-06-22

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104868447A (en) * 2014-02-24 2015-08-26 台达电子工业股份有限公司 Output power supply protector and operation method thereof
CN107958581A (en) * 2016-10-17 2018-04-24 罗伯特·博世有限公司 Electric mechanical adapter, accumulator system and the method for running accumulator system

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CN101207331A (en) * 2007-11-07 2008-06-25 奇瑞汽车有限公司 Control method of commingle dynamic force automobile DC-DC
CN101262176A (en) * 2007-03-09 2008-09-10 通用汽车环球科技运作公司 Method and system for operating a power converter
CN101483388A (en) * 2007-12-21 2009-07-15 本田技研工业株式会社 Method of driving DC/DC converter, and DC/DC converter

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2006352997A (en) * 2005-06-15 2006-12-28 Toyota Industries Corp Control device of power supply system in hybrid vehicle and control method
CN1996705A (en) * 2006-12-21 2007-07-11 奇瑞汽车有限公司 DC-DC conversion control system and control method of the mixed driven car
CN101262176A (en) * 2007-03-09 2008-09-10 通用汽车环球科技运作公司 Method and system for operating a power converter
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104868447A (en) * 2014-02-24 2015-08-26 台达电子工业股份有限公司 Output power supply protector and operation method thereof
CN104868447B (en) * 2014-02-24 2018-02-13 台达电子工业股份有限公司 Out-put supply protection device and its operating method
CN107958581A (en) * 2016-10-17 2018-04-24 罗伯特·博世有限公司 Electric mechanical adapter, accumulator system and the method for running accumulator system
CN107958581B (en) * 2016-10-17 2021-04-06 罗伯特·博世有限公司 Electromechanical adapter, energy storage system and method for operating an energy storage system

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Application publication date: 20110622