CN102102008B - Water-based glass grinding fluid and using method thereof - Google Patents

Water-based glass grinding fluid and using method thereof Download PDF

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CN102102008B
CN102102008B CN 200910201380 CN200910201380A CN102102008B CN 102102008 B CN102102008 B CN 102102008B CN 200910201380 CN200910201380 CN 200910201380 CN 200910201380 A CN200910201380 A CN 200910201380A CN 102102008 B CN102102008 B CN 102102008B
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water
based
glass
grinding
fluid
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CN102102008A (en )
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史永涛
彭洪修
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安集微电子(上海)有限公司
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Abstract

本发明公开了一种水基玻璃磨削液。 The present invention discloses a water-based glass grinding fluid. 这种水基玻璃磨削液包含:季铵盐表面活性剂、有机醇、缓蚀剂和水;不包含研磨颗粒。 The water-based glass grinding fluid comprises: a quaternary ammonium surfactant, an organic alcohol, corrosion inhibitor and water; does not contain abrasive particles. 这种水基玻璃磨削液具有优异的冷却、润滑、洗涤、防腐蚀等性能,对金刚石磨具有良好的化学修锐作用,可以明显提高磨削加工精度和磨具的使用寿命,并有效防止磨具发生“腻塞”现象;具有良好的玻璃磨削效率,优异的化学稳定性,对健康无害、不污染环境,成本低,使用简便,可广泛应用于各种玻璃的磨削加工和清洗工艺。 This water based glass grinding fluid is excellent in cooling, lubricating, washing, anti-corrosion properties, diamond grinding to have good chemical dressing effect can significantly improve the service life of the grinding accuracy and the grinding wheel, and effectively prevent Abrasives happen "tired plug" phenomenon; good glass grinding efficiency, excellent chemical stability, harmless to health, no pollution, low cost, easy to use, can be widely used in all kinds of glass and grinding cleaning process.

Description

一种水基玻璃磨削液及其使用方法 A water based glass grinding fluid and method of use

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及玻璃磨削工艺中一种磨削液,具体地涉及一种水基玻璃磨削液及其使用方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to a grinding process of grinding liquid glass, particularly to a water based glass grinding fluid and methods of use.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 在通常的玻璃磨削工艺中,经常采用金刚石超硬磨料、金刚石研磨垫或金刚石研磨盘进行玻璃的快速研磨、精密研磨和精密抛光等操作。 [0002] In a typical glass grinding process is often used superabrasive diamond, diamond or diamond abrasive polishing pad polished glass disk fast, precision grinding and precision polishing operations. 金刚石对玻璃的磨削过程是金刚石磨具在玻璃表面进行切削的过程。 Diamond grinding process is a process to glass cutting diamond abrasive on the glass surface. 玻璃磨削时会产生大量的玻璃粉末和热量,为保证玻璃磨削过程的持续进行和确保磨削加工精度,必须使用适当的磨削液去除玻璃磨削过程中产生的玻璃粉末,并吸收磨削过程中产生的热量,将玻璃和金刚石磨具进行冷却。 Grinding the glass will produce a lot of heat when the glass powder, the glass in order to ensure continuous grinding process and to ensure precision grinding, the grinding liquid must be removed using an appropriate glass powder produced during glass grinding, grinding and absorb the heat generated during cutting, the glass is cooled and diamond abrasive. 为了改善磨削后玻璃表面的光洁度,所选用的磨削液必须能够有效降低玻璃磨削时金刚石磨具和玻璃间的摩擦力,因而要求磨削液具有一定的的润滑能力。 In order to improve the surface finish of the glass after the grinding, the grinding liquid selected must be able to reduce the friction between the glass diamond grinding wheel and the glass, thus requiring grinding fluid has some lubricity.

[0003] 在玻璃磨削工艺中,长期以来一直使用由矿物油、碳酸钠、亚硝酸钠等配制而成的油性或乳化性磨削液。 [0003] In the grinding process, the glass, has long been the use of oil or emulsified liquid prepared by the grinding of mineral oil, sodium carbonate, sodium nitrite formed. 随着玻璃磨削工艺的发展,提高磨削加工精度和磨具使用寿命的要求越来越高,油性或乳化性磨削液已不能满足工艺要求。 With the development of glass grinding process, to improve the grinding accuracy and the grinding wheel life is increasingly demanding, oily liquid or emulsion of the grinding process can not meet the requirements. 其次,油性或乳化性磨削液容易腐烂变质,且容易腐蚀磨削设备;含有的亚硝酸盐对人体有害,且易污染水质;含油量高,不利于环境保护。 Secondly, oily or emulsified deterioration of perishable grinding fluid and the grinding equipment susceptible to corrosion; nitrite contained harmful, and easy to pollute the water; high oil content, is not environmentally friendly. 近年来出现了一些合成的水基玻璃磨削液,是由多种水溶性添加剂配制而成的,具有性能稳定、使用周期长和成本低等优点,但多数水基玻璃磨削液不能明显提高玻璃磨削时的磨削效率,或者润滑性和/或防腐蚀性不足。 In recent years, there have been some synthetic water based glass grinding fluid, water-soluble additive is prepared by a variety of form, with stable performance, long life cycle and low cost, but most water based glass grinding fluid not significantly improve grinding efficiency when grinding glass, or lubricity and / or anti-corrosion is insufficient.

[0004] 水基玻璃磨削液主要由表面活性剂、润滑剂和水等组成,有时会加入抗菌剂、缓蚀齐ϋ、酸碱调节剂和有机溶剂等添加剂。 [0004] The water based glass grinding fluid mainly composed of a surfactant, a lubricant, and water, etc., may be added an antibacterial agent, corrosion Qi ϋ, pH modifier additives and organic solvents.

[0005] 表面活性剂如聚乙二醇、聚氧乙烯醚和聚丙烯酸盐等,能够降低水基玻璃磨削液的表面张力,提高水基玻璃磨削液对玻璃表面的润湿能力,有利于提高水基玻璃磨削液对玻璃粉末的清洗能力;同时可以一定程度地的降低金刚石磨具和玻璃间的摩擦力。 [0005] Surfactants such as polyethylene glycol, polyoxyethylene ethers and polyacrylic acid salt, capable of reducing surface tension of water based glass grinding fluid, to improve the wetting ability of water-based grinding fluid on the glass surface of the glass, there is help to improve the capacity of the washing water based glass grinding fluid on the glass powder; and can reduce friction between the diamond abrasive and to some extent of glass. 有些特殊的表面活性剂表现出对金刚石磨良好的化学修锐作用。 Some special surfactants exhibit good chemical dressing diamond grinding action.

[0006] 润滑剂的作用是在吸附在金刚石磨具和玻璃的表面,在金刚石磨具和玻璃间以及金刚石磨具与磨屑之间形成润滑膜,降低这些界面处的摩擦力,使得玻璃表面光洁度提高。 [0006] a lubricant is adsorbed on the surface of the diamond abrasive and glass, to form a lubricating film between the diamond wheel and the glass and between the diamond abrasive and debris, reduce friction at these interfaces so that the glass surface finish improved. 常用的润滑剂一般是带有羟基、羧基和酰胺基团的长链有机化合物,如高级脂肪醇、高级脂肪酸、聚丙烯酰胺等。 Commonly used lubricants are typically long chain organic compound having a hydroxyl, carboxyl, and amide groups, such as higher fatty alcohols, higher fatty acid, polyacrylamide and the like.

[0007] 水基玻璃磨削液中的水主要起到冷却和清洗的作用,将磨削过程中产生的热量和玻璃碎屑带走。 [0007] The water based glass grinding fluid is water cooled and functions as the main cleaning, glass chips and heat generated during the grinding away.

[0008] JP2001303027中提出了由含硅颗粒、含有羟基的含氟化合物和水组成的水基玻璃磨削液,用于研磨玻璃基材。 [0008] JP2001303027 proposes a water-based glass grinding fluid fluorine-containing compound and water from the silicon-containing particles, the hydroxyl group-containing composition for polishing a glass substrate. 其水基玻璃磨削液含有含硅颗粒,化学稳定性较差;且对玻璃基材的磨削速度较低。 A water based glass grinding fluid containing silicon-containing particles, poor chemical stability; and the glass substrate of a lower grinding speed.

[0009] JP10183104和JP3856513中提出了由含氧化铈的磨料混合物、氨基酸、至少一种选自三聚氰胺、联氨或其盐、乙二胺和乙醇胺中的胺类化合物组成的水基玻璃磨削液,用于研磨玻璃基材。 [0009] JP10183104 and JP3856513 proposes a mixture of an abrasive containing cerium oxide, an amino acid, at least one compound selected from melamine, hydrazine or a salt thereof, ethylenediamine and ethanolamine-based compound consisting of a water based glass grinding fluid for polishing a glass substrate. 其玻璃磨削速度较快,磨削后玻璃表面的光洁度较好,但其化学稳定性较差,且对健康有害,不利于环境保护。 Faster grinding glass, the glass surface finish after grinding is preferably, but its poor chemical stability, and harmful to health, is not environmentally friendly.

[0010] US2008006057中提出了由胶态二氧化硅、含磺酸基化合物、pH调节剂和水组成的 In [0010] US2008006057 proposes a colloidal silica, a sulfonic acid group-containing compounds, pH adjusting agent and water

水基玻璃磨削液,用于研磨玻璃基材和铝硅酸盐玻璃等。 Water based glass grinding fluid for grinding glass and aluminosilicate glass substrate. 其水基玻璃磨削液含有胶态二氧化硅颗粒,化学稳定性较差;且对玻璃基材的磨削速度较低。 A water based glass grinding fluid containing colloidal silica particles, poor chemical stability; and the glass substrate of a lower grinding speed.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0011] 本发明的目的是为了克服现有的玻璃磨削液对玻璃的磨削效率不足,无法提高磨削加工精度和磨具的使用寿命,或者无法同时满足玻璃的快速研磨和精密抛光等工艺操作要求,提供一种具有优异的化学稳定性、具有良好的玻璃磨削效率、可以明显提高磨削加工精度和磨具的使用寿命且可以同时满足玻璃的快速研磨、精密研磨和精密抛光等工艺操作要求的水基玻璃磨削液。 [0011] The object of the present invention is to overcome the lack of conventional glass grinding fluid to glass grinding efficiency, accuracy can not be improved and the service life of the grinding abrasive or polishing glass can not achieve fast and precise polishing process operation required, to provide an excellent chemical stability, good glass grinding efficiency can significantly improve the service life of the grinding wheel and the grinding accuracy and can meet the fast grinding of glass, precision grinding and other precision polishing simultaneously process water based glass grinding fluid operational requirements. [0012] 本发明公开了一种水基玻璃磨削液。 [0012] The present invention discloses a water-based glass grinding fluid. 这种水基玻璃磨削液包含(a)0.1~20wt%的季铵盐表面活性剂,(b)0.1~30wt%的有机醇,(c)0.01~20wt%的缓蚀剂,(d) 30~99.5wt%的水;不包含研磨颗粒。 The water-based glass grinding fluid comprising (a) 0.1 ~ 20wt% of the quaternary ammonium salt surfactants, (b) 0.1 ~ 30wt% of an organic alcohol, (c) 0.01 ~ 20wt% of corrosion inhibitor, (d) 30 ~ 99.5wt% water; it does not contain abrasive particles. 这种水基玻璃磨削液可进一步包含极性有机溶剂、有机胺、无机盐、消泡剂和其它表面活性剂中的一种或多种。 The water-based glass grinding fluid may further comprise a polar organic solvent, organic amine, inorganic salts, one or more antifoaming agents and other surface active agents. 这种水基玻璃磨削液具有优异的冷却、润滑、洗涤、防腐蚀等性能,对金刚石磨具有良好的化学修锐作用,可以明显提高磨削加工精度和磨具的使用寿命,并有效防止磨具发生“腻塞”现象;具有良好的玻璃磨削效率,优异的化学稳定性,对健康无害、不污染环境,成本低,使用简便,可广泛应用于各种玻璃的磨削加工和清洗工艺。 This water based glass grinding fluid is excellent in cooling, lubricating, washing, anti-corrosion properties, diamond grinding to have good chemical dressing effect can significantly improve the service life of the grinding accuracy and the grinding wheel, and effectively prevent Abrasives happen "tired plug" phenomenon; good glass grinding efficiency, excellent chemical stability, harmless to health, no pollution, low cost, easy to use, can be widely used in all kinds of glass and grinding cleaning process.

[0013] 本发明中,所述的季铵盐表面活性剂对金刚石磨具有良好的化学修锐作用,可以明显提高磨削加工精度和磨具的使用寿命,有效防止磨具发生“腻塞”现象,并明显提高玻璃磨削时的磨削效率。 [0013] In the invention, the quaternary ammonium salt surfactants having good chemical grinding effect on the diamond dressing, can significantly improve the life of the grinding accuracy and the grinding wheel, the grinding wheel to effectively prevent the occurrence of "plug tired" phenomenon, and significantly improve the efficiency of the grinding glass grinding. 所述的季铵盐表面活性剂具有优异的抗菌能力,可以防止水基玻璃磨削液中产生细菌,提高水基玻璃磨削液的储存和使用寿命;无需另外加入其它抗菌剂。 The quaternary ammonium surfactant having an excellent antimicrobial activity, can prevent water based glass grinding fluid-producing bacteria, and improve the storage life of the water based glass grinding fluid; without further addition of other antimicrobial agents. 所述的季铵盐表面活性剂较佳的选自烷基季铵盐、酯基季铵盐、酰胺季铵盐、聚氧乙烯季铵盐和咪唑啉季铵盐中的一种或多种,更佳的选自苯基三甲基溴化铵、苄基三甲基溴化铵、十二烷基三甲基溴化铵、十二烷基三甲基醋酸铵、十二烷基三甲基硫酸铵、十二烷基三甲基磺酸铵、十二烷基二甲基苄基溴化铵、十二烷基二甲基苄基醋酸铵、十四烷基三甲基氯化铵、十四烷基三甲基溴化铵、十四烷基三甲基硫酸铵、十四烷基二甲基苄基溴化铵、十四烷基二甲基苄基醋酸铵、十六烷基三甲基氯化铵、十六烷基三甲基溴化铵、十六烷基三甲基醋酸铵、十八烷基三甲基溴化铵、双十二烷基二甲基溴化铵、三辛基甲基溴化铵、松香基十四烷基三甲基溴化铵、十六烷基糖苷十二烷基三甲基溴化铵、双辛烷基糖苷二(十二烷基三甲基溴化铵)、双十二烷基糖苷三(十六 The preferred quaternary ammonium salt surfactant is selected from alkyl quaternary ammonium salts, ester quaternary ammonium salts, amide quaternary ammonium salts, polyoxyethylene quaternary ammonium salts and imidazoline quaternary ammonium salts of one or more , more preferably is selected from phenyl trimethyl ammonium bromide, benzyl trimethyl ammonium bromide, dodecyl trimethyl ammonium bromide, dodecyl trimethyl ammonium acetate, dodecyl trimethyl ammonium methyl sulfate, dodecyl trimethyl ammonium sulfonate, lauryl dimethyl benzyl ammonium bromide, lauryl dimethyl benzyl ammonium acetate, trimethyl tetradecyl chloride ammonium, myristyl trimethyl ammonium bromide, myristyl trimethyl ammonium methyl sulfate, tetradecyl dimethyl benzyl ammonium bromide, myristyl dimethyl benzyl ammonium acetate, hexadecyl alkyl trimethyl ammonium chloride, cetyl trimethyl ammonium bromide, cetyl trimethyl ammonium acetate, octadecyl trimethyl ammonium bromide, didodecyldimethylammonium bromide ammonium, trioctyl ammonium bromide, rosin tetradecyl trimethyl ammonium bromide, cetyl glucoside dodecyl trimethyl ammonium bromide, bis octyl glucoside di (twelve alkyl trimethyl ammonium bromide), bis lauryl glucoside III (XVI 基三甲基溴化铵)、3,3' -己二酰氧基-2,2' -二羟基-二丙基-双(十二烷基二甲基溴化铵)、十四酰胺十二烷基二甲基溴化铵、聚氧乙烯十二烷基二甲基溴化铵(数均分子量为5000)、聚氧乙烯十六烷基二甲基氯化铵(数均分子量为20000)、聚氧乙烯十六烷基二甲基溴化铵(数均分子量为10000)、二(2-十一(十七)烷基-1-甲酰胺乙基咪唑啉)己二胺三甲基溴化铵和二(2-十一烷基咪唑啉)丁二胺三甲基溴化铵中的一种或多种,最佳的选自苄基三甲基溴化铵、十二烷基三甲基溴化铵、十二烷基二甲基苄基溴化铵、十四烷基三甲基溴化铵、十四烷基二甲基苄基溴化铵、十六烷基三甲基溴化铵、双十二烷基二甲基溴化铵、十四酰胺十二烷基二甲基溴化铵、聚氧乙烯十二烷基二甲基溴化铵(数均分子量为5000)和二(2-十一烷基咪唑啉)丁二胺三甲基溴化铵中的一种或多种。 Trimethyl ammonium bromide), 3,3 '- adipoyl-2,2' - dihydroxy - dipropyl - bis (dodecyl dimethyl ammonium bromide), myristyl amide ten dialkyl dimethyl ammonium bromide, polyoxyethylene lauryl dimethyl ammonium bromide (number-average molecular weight of 5000), polyoxyethylene cetyl dimethyl ammonium chloride (number average molecular weight of 20,000 ), polyoxyethylene cetyl dimethyl ammonium bromide (number-average molecular weight of 10,000), bis (2-eleven (17) 1-carboxamide ethyl alkyl imidazoline) trimethyl hexamethylene diamine ammonium bromide and bis (2-undecyl imidazoline) trimethylammonium bromide butanediamine of one or more of the best selected from benzyl bromide, dodecyl trimethyl ammonium bromide, lauryl dimethyl benzyl ammonium bromide, myristyl trimethyl ammonium bromide, myristyl dimethyl benzyl ammonium bromide, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, didodecyl dimethyl ammonium bromide, myristyl amide dodecyl dimethyl ammonium bromide, polyoxyethylene lauryl dimethyl ammonium bromide (number average molecular weight one or more 5000) and bis (2-undecyl imidazoline) trimethylammonium bromide butanediamine in. 其含量较佳的为0.1~20wt%,更佳的为0.5~IOwt%。 The content thereof is preferably 0.1 ~ 20wt%, more preferably of 0.5 ~ IOwt%.

[0014] 本发明中,所述的有机醇可以明显降低玻璃磨削时金刚石磨具和玻璃间的摩擦力,改善磨削后玻璃表面的光洁度;对金刚石磨具有良好的化学修锐作用,提高玻璃磨削时的磨削效率。 [0014] In the present invention, the organic alcohol can significantly reduce the friction between the grinding wheel and the glass when the glass diamond, to improve the smoothness of the glass surface after grinding; diamond grinding has good chemical dressing effect, improve glass grinding efficiency of grinding. 所述的有机醇较佳的选自乙二醇、二乙二醇、三乙二醇、一缩二乙二醇、三缩二乙二醇、六缩二乙二醇、二缩三乙二醇、丙二醇、二丙二醇、一缩二丙二醇、三缩二丙二醇、六缩二丙二醇、丙三醇中的一种或多种,更佳的选自三缩二乙二醇、六缩二乙二醇、一缩二丙二醇、三缩二丙二醇、六缩二丙二醇、丙三醇中的一种或多种。 The preferred organic alcohol is selected from ethylene glycol, diethylene glycol, triethylene glycol, dipropylene glycol, tripropylene glycol, six diethylene glycol, dipropylene triethylene alcohol, propylene glycol, dipropylene glycol, dipropylene glycol, tripropylene glycol, dipropylene glycol six, one or more of glycerol, more preferably three chosen from diethylene glycol, diethylene six reduction alcohol, dipropylene glycol, tripropylene glycol, dipropylene glycol six, one or more of glycerol. 其含量较佳的为0.1~30wt%,更佳的为0.5~20wt%。 The content thereof is preferably 0.1 ~ 30wt%, more preferably of 0.5 ~ 20wt%.

[0015] 本发明中,所述的缓蚀剂可以有效抑制玻璃磨削液对磨削设备的腐蚀或损坏。 [0015] In the present invention, the corrosion inhibitor can be effectively suppressed glass grinding fluid to the grinding apparatus or corrosion damage. 所述的缓蚀剂较佳的选自硼酸、硼酸盐、硼酸酯、柠檬酸、柠檬酸盐、柠檬酸酯、唑类、膦酸类和聚丙烯酸类缓蚀剂中的一种或多种,更佳的选自硼酸、苯硼酸、2-羧基苯硼酸、2-羟甲基苯硼酸、四甲基硼酸铵、四乙基硼酸铵、硼酸-乙醇胺盐、硼酸三乙醇胺盐、硼酸二甘醇胺盐、硼酸-乙醇胺酯、硼酸三乙醇胺酯、硼酸二甘醇胺酯、硼酸异丙醇胺酯、硼酸甲基乙醇胺酯、硼酸甲基二乙醇胺酯、双联邻苯二酚硼酸酯、柠檬酸、2-羟基柠檬酸、柠檬酸月桂醇酯、柠檬酸-乙醇胺酯、柠檬酸三乙醇胺酯、柠檬酸二甘醇胺酯、柠檬酸四甲基铵、柠檬酸四乙基铵、柠檬酸-乙醇胺盐、柠檬酸三乙醇胺盐、柠檬酸二甘醇胺盐、苯并三氮唑、甲基苯并三氮唑、苯并三氮唑二乙醇胺盐、2-巯基苯并咪唑、2-巯基苯并噻唑、2-巯基苯并噁唑、3-氨基-1,2,4-三氮唑、4-氨基-1,2 According to a preferred corrosion inhibitor is selected from boric acid, borates, borate, citrate, citric acid salt, citrate, azoles, phosphonic acids and polyacrylic inhibitor or more, more preferably selected from boric acid, phenylboronic acid, 2-carboxyphenyl boronic acid, 2-hydroxymethyl benzene boronic acid, tetramethylammonium borate, tetraethyl ammonium borate, - ethanolamine salt, triethanolamine borate, borate diglycol amine salts, acid - monoethanolamine borate, triethanolamine borate, diglycol amine borate, triisopropanolamine borate, methylethanolamine borate ester methyl diethanolamine, catechol boron double esters, citric acid, 2-hydroxy-citrate, citric acid esters of lauryl alcohol, citric acid - ester ethanolamine, triethanolamine citrate esters, esters of citric acid diglycol amine, tetramethylammonium citrate, citric acid, tetraethyl ammonium citrate - ethanolamine salt, triethanolamine salt of citrate, citric acid diglycol amine salts, benzotriazole, methyl-benzotriazole, benzotriazole diethanolamine salt, 2-mercaptobenzothiazole imidazole, thiazole, and 2-mercaptobenzothiazole, 2-mercaptobenzoxazole, 3-amino-1,2,4-triazole, 4-amino-1,2 4-三氮唑、3-氨基-5-巯基-1,2,4-三氮唑、5-氨基-四氮唑、1-羟基亚乙基-1,1-二膦酸、氨基三亚甲基膦酸、2-膦酸丁烷-1,2,4-三羧酸、乙二胺四亚甲基膦酸、聚氧乙烯改性的聚甲基丙烯酸(数均分子量为10000)和聚氧乙烯改性的聚丙烯酸一乙醇胺盐(数均分子量为40000)中的一种或多种。 4- triazole, 3-amino-5-mercapto-1,2,4-triazole, 5-amino - tetrazolium, 1-hydroxyethylidene-1,1-diphosphonic acid, amino trimethylene phosphonic acid, 2-phosphonic acid, 1,2,4-tricarboxylic acid, ethylene diamine tetra methylene phosphonic acid, polyoxyethylene-modified polymethyl methacrylate (number average molecular weight of 10,000), and poly polyoxyethylene-modified monoethanolamine salt of polyacrylic acid (number average molecular weight of 40,000) of one or more. 所述的缓蚀剂的含量较佳的为0.01 ~20wt%,更佳的为0.1 ~IOwt%。 The content of the corrosion inhibitors is preferably 0.01 ~ 20wt%, more preferably of 0.1 ~ IOwt%.

[0016] 本发明中,所述的水较佳的选自自来水、去离子水、蒸馏水和超纯水中的一种或多种。 [0016] In the present invention, the water is preferably selected from water, one or more of deionized water, distilled water, and ultrapure water. 所述的水的含量较佳的为30~99.5wt%,更佳的为50~99wt%。 The water content is preferably 30 ~ 99.5wt%, more preferably is 50 ~ 99wt%.

[0017] 本发明中的水基玻璃磨削液不含有研磨颗粒。 Water based glass grinding fluid in the [0017] present invention does not contain abrasive particles.

[0018] 本发明中,所述的水基玻璃磨削液还可以进一步包含极性有机溶剂、有机胺、无机盐、消泡剂和其它表面活性剂中的一种或多种。 [0018] In the present invention, said water based glass grinding fluid may further comprise one or more polar organic solvents, organic amines, inorganic salts, defoamers, and other surface active agents. 所述的极性有机溶剂的含量较佳的为≤10wt% ;所述的有机胺的含量较佳的为≤10wt% ;所述的无机盐的含量较佳的为≤10«〖%;所述的消泡剂的含量较佳的为≤2wt%;所述的其它表面活性剂的含量较佳的为≤1Owt %。 The content of the polar organic solvent is preferably ≦ 10 wt%; the content of said organic amine is preferably ≦ 10 wt%; the content of the inorganic salt is preferably ≦ 10 «[%; the said antifoaming agent content is preferably ≤2wt%; the content of the other surfactant is preferred ≤1Owt%.

[0019] 本发明中,所述的极性有机溶剂能够提高水基玻璃磨削液对玻璃表面和玻璃碎屑的润湿能力,并提高水基玻璃磨削液对玻璃碎屑的清洗能力。 [0019] In the present invention, the polar organic solvent can improve the wetting ability of water-based grinding fluid on the glass surface of the glass and glass debris, and enhance the cleaning ability of the water-based glass grinding fluid glass debris. 所述的极性有机溶剂较佳的选自亚砜、砜、咪唑烷酮和烷基二醇单烷基醚中的一种或多种,更佳的选自二甲基亚砜、二乙基亚讽、甲乙基亚讽、甲基讽、乙基讽、环丁讽、2-味唑烧丽、1,3- 二甲基-2-味唑烧丽、1,3-二乙基-2-咪唑烷酮、二乙二醇单甲醚、二乙二醇单乙醚、二乙二醇单丁醚、丙二醇单丁醚、二丙二醇单甲醚、二丙二醇单乙醚和二丙二醇单丁醚中的一种或多种。 The preferred polar organic solvent is selected from sulfoxides, sulfones, imidazolidinone and glycol monoalkyl ether is one or more, more preferably selected from dimethyl sulfoxide, diethyl Bitterness Nokia, Nokia and B Bitterness, Bitterness methyl, ethyl Bitterness, cyclobutyloxy Bitterness, 2-imidazol-burning Korea, 1,3-dimethyl-2-imidazol-burning Korea, 1,3-diethyl 2-imidazolidinone, diethylene glycol monomethyl ether, diethylene glycol monoethyl ether, diethylene glycol monobutyl ether, propylene glycol monobutyl ether, dipropylene glycol monomethyl ether, dipropylene glycol monomethyl ether and dipropylene glycol monobutyl one or more ether.

[0020] 本发明中,所述的有机胺能够提高水基玻璃磨削液的渗透和润湿能力,从而提高水基玻璃磨削液对玻璃碎屑的清洗能力;并且其对金刚石磨具有良好的化学修锐作用,可以提高玻璃磨削时的磨削效率。 [0020] In the present invention, the organic amine can be improved penetration and wetting ability of water based glass grinding fluid, thereby enhancing the cleaning ability of water-based grinding fluid glass to glass debris; and which has a good grinding diamond the role of chemical dressing, the grinding efficiency can be improved glass grinding. 所述的有机胺较佳的选自羟乙基乙二胺、己二胺、环己二胺、一乙醇胺、三乙醇胺、二甘醇胺、异丙醇胺、甲基乙醇胺、甲基二乙醇胺、二甲基乙醇胺、哌嗪和N,N- 二乙基哌嗪中的一种或多种。 The preferred organic amine is selected from ethylene diamine, hexamethylene diamine, cyclohexylene diamine, monoethanolamine, triethanolamine, diglycol amine, isopropanolamine, methylethanolamine, methyldiethanolamine , dimethylethanolamine, piperazine and N, N- diethyl-piperazine of one or more.

[0021] 本发明中,所述的无机盐对金刚石磨具有良好的化学修锐作用,可以提高玻璃磨削时的磨削效率;有些无机盐同时对磨削设备表现出良好的防腐蚀作用。 [0021] In the present invention, the inorganic salt grinding diamond having good chemical dressing effect, can improve the grinding efficiency when grinding glass; while some inorganic salt grinding apparatus exhibits good corrosion protection. 所述的无机盐较佳的选自氯化钠、氯化钾、硝酸钠、硝酸钾、溴化钠、溴化钾、溴化铵、溴酸钾、碳酸钠、碳酸氢钠、碳酸钾、硅酸盐、碳酸氢钾、钥酸钠、钥酸钾、钨酸钠和钨酸钾中的一种或多种。 The preferred inorganic salt selected from sodium chloride, potassium chloride, sodium nitrate, potassium nitrate, sodium bromide, potassium bromide, ammonium bromide, potassium carbonate, sodium carbonate, potassium carbonate, silicic acid salt, potassium bicarbonate, sodium key, key, potassium, sodium tungstate and potassium tungstate one or more.

[0022] 本发明中,所述的消泡剂较佳的选自改性聚氧乙烯醚、改性聚氧丙烯醚和改性聚硅氧烷中的一种或多种,更佳的选自聚氧乙烯丙三醇醚(数均分子量为10000)、聚氧丙烯丙三醇醚(数均分子量为5000)、聚氧乙烯聚氧丙烯季戊四醇醚(数均分子量为20000)、聚氧乙烯改性的聚硅氧烷(数均分子量为8000)、聚氧乙烯改性的聚二甲硅氧烷(数均分子量为10000)中的一种或多种。 [0022] In the invention, the defoamer is preferably selected from modified polyoxyethylene ethers, one or more poly siloxane-modified and modified polyoxypropylene ethers, more preferably selected from since a polyoxyethylene glyceryl ether (number average molecular weight of 10,000), polyoxypropylene glyceryl ether (number average molecular weight 5000), polyoxyethylene polyoxypropylene pentaerythritol ether (number average molecular weight of 20,000), polyoxyethylene polysiloxanes modified with one or more (number average molecular weight 8000), polyoxyethylene-modified polydimethylsiloxane (number average molecular weight of 10,000) was added.

[0023] 本发明中,所述的其它表面活性剂能够提高水基玻璃磨削液的渗透和润湿能力,提高水基玻璃磨削液对玻璃碎屑的清洗能力;可以降低玻璃磨削时金刚石磨具和玻璃间的摩擦力,改善磨削后玻璃表面的光洁度。 [0023] In the present invention, other surfactants can improve the wettability and penetration of water based glass grinding fluid, water based glass to improve the cleaning ability of glass grinding fluid according debris; glass may be reduced when the grinding between the glass and the diamond abrasive friction, improve the smoothness of the glass surface after grinding. 所述的其它表面活性剂较佳的选自聚乙二醇、聚乙烯吡咯烷酮和聚氧乙烯醚中的一种或多种,更佳的选自聚乙二醇和/或聚氧乙烯醚。 Other preferred said surfactant is selected from polyethylene glycol, polyvinylpyrrolidone and one or more polyoxyethylene ethers, more preferably selected from polyethylene glycol and / or polyoxyethylene ethers. 所述的表面活性剂的数均分子量较佳的为500~100000,更佳的为1000~50000。 The number average molecular weight of the surfactant is preferably 500 to 100,000, more preferably 1,000 to 50,000.

[0024] 本发明所用试剂及原料均市售可得。 [0024] The reagent of the present invention and the raw materials are commercially available.

[0025] 本发明的水基玻璃磨削液由上面所述组分简单混合即可制得。 [0025] The water based glass grinding fluid according to the present invention by simply mixing the components described above can be obtained.

[0026] 本发明的水基玻璃磨削液的使用方法可参照如下步骤:根据需要的玻璃磨削量大小确定将水基玻璃磨削液原液用水稀释至一定比例(1%~50% ),将水基玻璃磨削液的稀释液以50~300ml/min的流速流在旋转的金刚石研磨垫或金刚石研磨盘上,通过在玻璃表面施加适当的压力将玻璃进行磨削。 [0026] The method of using water-based glass grinding fluid according to the present invention may refer to the following steps: grinding amount of glass needed to determine the size of the water-based glass grinding fluid diluted with water to a certain percentage of stock solution (1% to 50%) according to, the dilution water based glass grinding fluid at a flow rate of 50 ~ 300ml / min flow on a rotating polishing pad diamond or diamond grinding disc, grinding the glass by applying appropriate pressure on the glass surface.

[0027] 本发明的积极进步效果在于: [0027] The positive effect of the present invention is characterized in progress:

[0028] 1.本发明的水基玻璃磨削液具有优异的冷却、润滑、洗涤、防腐蚀等性能。 Water based glass grinding fluid [0028] 1. The present invention has excellent cooling, lubricating, washing, anti-corrosion properties.

[0029] 2.本发明的水基玻璃磨削液中含有的季铵盐表面活性剂对金刚石磨具有良好的化学修锐作用,可以明显提高磨削加工精度和磨具的使用寿命,并有效防止磨具发生“腻塞”现象。 [0029] The quaternary ammonium salt surfactants a water-based glass grinding fluid 2. The present invention contains diamond grinding having good chemical dressing effect can significantly improve the service life of the grinding accuracy and the grinding wheel, and effectively Abrasives prevent the occurrence of "plug tired" phenomenon.

[0030] 3.本发明的水基玻璃磨削液中含有的季铵盐表面活性剂可以明显提高玻璃磨削时的磨削效率。 [0030] The quaternary ammonium salt surfactants 3. The water-based glass grinding fluid contained in the present invention can significantly improve the grinding efficiency when grinding glass.

[0031] 4.本发明的水基玻璃磨削液中含有的季铵盐表面活性剂具有优异的抗菌能力,可以防止水基玻璃磨削液中产生细菌,提高水基玻璃磨削液的储存和使用寿命;无需另外加入其它抗菌剂。 [0031] The quaternary ammonium salt surfactants 4. The water based glass grinding fluid contained in the present invention have excellent antimicrobial activity, can prevent water based glass grinding fluid-producing bacteria, to improve the storage of the water based glass grinding fluid and service life; without further addition of other antimicrobial agents.

[0032] 5.本发明的水基玻璃磨削液中含有的有机醇可以明显降低玻璃磨削时金刚石磨具和玻璃间的摩擦力,改善磨削后玻璃表面的光洁度;对金刚石磨具有良好的化学修锐作用,提高玻璃磨削时的磨削效率。 [0032] The water based glass grinding fluid according to the present invention contains an organic alcohol friction between the wheel and the diamond can significantly reduce the glass during glass grinding, improving the smoothness of the glass surface after grinding; diamond grinding good chemical dressing role in enhancing the efficiency of the grinding glass grinding.

[0033] 6.本发明的水基玻璃磨削液中含有的缓蚀剂可以有效抑制玻璃磨削液对磨削设备的腐蚀或损坏。 [0033] The water based glass grinding fluid corrosion 6. The present invention can be contained in glass grinding fluid effective to inhibit corrosion of the grinding apparatus or damage. [0034] 7.本发明的水基玻璃磨削液中不含有研磨颗粒,具有优异的化学稳定性。 Water based glass grinding fluid [0034] 7. The present invention does not contain abrasive particles, has excellent chemical stability.

[0035] 8.本发明的水基玻璃磨削液中可以含有的有机胺能够提高水基玻璃磨削液的渗透和润湿能力,从而提高水基玻璃磨削液对玻璃碎屑的清洗能力。 [0035] 8. The water based glass grinding fluid according to the present invention may contain an organic amine can enhance the penetration and wetting ability of water based glass grinding fluid, thereby enhancing the cleaning ability of water-based grinding fluid glass to glass debris .

[0036] 9.本发明的水基玻璃磨削液中可以含有的有机胺和/或无机盐对金刚石磨具有良好的化学修锐作用,进一步提高玻璃磨削时的磨削效率。 [0036] 9. The water based glass grinding fluid according to the present invention may contain an organic amine and / or an inorganic salt grinding diamond has good chemical dressing effect, further improving the grinding efficiency when grinding glass.

[0037] 10.本发明的水基玻璃磨削液对健康无害、不污染环境。 Water based glass grinding fluid [0037] 10. The present invention is harmless to health, not pollute the environment.

[0038] 11.本发明的水基玻璃磨削液成本低且使用简便,可以现场配制,也可以先制成浓缩液然后用水稀释成1%~50%的稀释液后使用。 Use [0038] 11. The present water-based glass grinding fluid is low cost and ease of use of the invention, the scene can be formulated, the concentrate may be first formed and then diluted with water to 1% to 50% after dilution.

[0039] 12.本发明的水基玻璃磨削液具有较宽的工艺操作窗口,能够在不同的磨削压力下使用,可以同时满足玻璃的快速研磨、精密研磨和精密抛光等工艺操作要求。 Water based glass grinding fluid [0039] 12. The present invention has a wider process operating window can be used at different grinding pressure, can meet the fast grinding of glass, precision grinding and precision polishing process at the same time operating requirements.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0040] 下面通过本发明优选的效果实施例来进一步说明本发明的有益效果,但并不因此将本发明限制在所述的实施例范围之中。 [0040] The following preferred embodiments of the present invention to further illustrate the effect of the beneficial effects of the present invention, it is not so to limit the invention in scope to the embodiments. 下述实施例中,百分比均为质量百分比。 In the following examples, percentages are percentages by weight.

[0041] 效果实施例对比水基玻璃磨削液I'~3'和本发明的水基玻璃磨削液I~10 Comparative Example water based glass grinding fluid I [0041] Effect 'to 3', and water based glass grinding fluid according to the present invention I ~ 10

[0042] 表1给出了对比水基玻璃磨削液I'~3'和本发明的清洗剂组合物I~10的配方,按表1中所列组分及其含量,简单混合均匀,即制得各水基玻璃磨削液。 [0042] Table 1 shows the comparative water-based glass grinding fluid I '~ 3' ingredients as listed in Table 1 and the content of simple and mixed cleaning agent composition of the present invention, the formulation I ~ 10, and, i.e., obtain each water-based glass grinding fluid.

[0043] 表1对比水基玻璃磨削液I'~3'和本发明的水基玻璃磨削液I~23的组分和 [0043] Table 1 Comparative water based glass grinding fluid I '~ 3', and water based glass grinding fluid according to the present invention, the components I to 23, and

含量 content

[0044] [0044]

Figure CN102102008BD00091

[0045] [0045]

Figure CN102102008BD00101
Figure CN102102008BD00111

[0047] [0047]

Figure CN102102008BD00121
Figure CN102102008BD00131

[0049] 本发明中,利用水基玻璃磨削液磨削玻璃制品的方法如下:将表1中的对比水基玻璃磨削液I'~3'的水稀释溶液和本发明的水基玻璃磨削液I~10的水稀释溶液用于磨削普通玻璃,测试其磨削速度和磨削后表面光洁度情况。 [0049] In the present invention, a water-based glass grinding fluid grinding glass article as follows: a water-based glass in Table 1 Comparative water based glass grinding fluid I '~ 3' and a water-diluted solution of the present invention I ~ 10 water grinding liquid used for grinding a dilute solution of ordinary glass, where the test surface finish after grinding speed and grinding.

[0050] 测试方法和条件:首先将3M™Trizact 66IXA (金刚石粒径为9 μ m)金刚石研磨垫(直径为180mm)固定在可以旋转的研磨平板上,然后将4X4cm普通玻璃固定在可移动的圆盘上,将圆盘倒放在金刚石研磨垫上使玻璃夹在圆盘和金刚石研磨垫之间,控制水基玻璃磨削液的水稀释溶液的流速为200ml/min,调节经圆盘加在玻璃表面的压力为I~7psi,并调节金刚石研磨垫的转速为30~70rpm,将普通玻璃研磨I~5分钟,然后经水洗涤后干燥,利用测厚仪测定普通玻璃磨削前后的厚度变化计算得到玻璃的磨削速度,并用显微镜观察玻璃磨削后的表面光洁度。 [0050] The test method and conditions: First, the 3M ™ Trizact 66IXA (diamond particle diameter of 9 μ m) of diamond polishing pad (diameter of 180mm) is fixed on the polishing plate may be rotated and then fixed in the ordinary glass 4X4cm movable on the disc, the disc upside down on a diamond polishing pad sandwiched between the glass disc and the diamond abrasive pad, the control of water-based grinding fluid diluted with water glass solution flow rate 200ml / min, by adjusting the applied disc the glass surface of the pressure I ~ 7psi, diamond polishing pad and adjust the speed of 30 ~ 70rpm, grinding ordinary glass I ~ 5 minutes and then was washed with water and dried, to measure the thickness change before and after grinding using ordinary glass thickness glass grinding speed is calculated, and the surface finish was observed with a microscope glass grinding. 结果如表2所不。 The results are shown in Table 2 are not.

[0051] 表2对比水基玻璃磨削液1'~3'的水稀释溶液和本发明的水基玻璃磨削液的水 [0051] Table 2 Comparative water-water based glass grinding fluid 'to 3' and the water-diluted solution of a water-based glass grinding fluid according to the present invention.

稀释溶液对玻璃的磨削速度以及磨削后的玻璃表面光洁度 Diluted grinding speed and grinding the glass surface of the rear glass finish solution

[0052] [0052]

Figure CN102102008BD00141

[0053] 表面光洁度:◎无明显磨痕; [0053] The surface finish: ◎ no wear scar;

[0054] 〇略有磨痕; [0054] square slight wear scar;

[0055] Λ有明显的磨痕; [0055] Λ significant wear scar;

[0056] X有严重的磨痕。 [0056] X had severe wear scar.

[0057] 从表2可以看出,与水基玻璃磨削液I'~3'的水稀释溶液相比,本发明的水基玻璃磨削液的水稀释溶液表现出较高的玻璃磨削速度和良好的玻璃表面光洁度,较宽的工艺操作窗口,能够在不同的磨削压力下使用,可以同时满足玻璃的快速研磨、精密研磨和精密抛光等工艺操作要求。 [0057] As seen from Table 2, as compared with water based glass grinding fluid I '~ 3' solution was diluted with water, dilute aqueous solution of a water-based glass grinding fluid according to the present invention exhibit higher glass grinding speed and good surface finish of the glass, a wider process operating window can be used at different grinding pressure, can meet the fast grinding of glass, precision grinding and precision polishing process at the same time operating requirements.

Claims (22)

  1. 1.一种水基玻璃磨削液,其包含:季铵盐表面活性剂、有机醇、缓蚀剂和水,其中所述季铵盐表面活性剂选自苯基三甲基溴化铵、苄基三甲基溴化铵、十二烷基三甲基溴化铵、十二烷基三甲基醋酸铵、十二烷基三甲基硫酸铵、十二烷基三甲基磺酸铵、十二烷基二甲基苄基溴化铵、十二烷基二甲基苄基醋酸铵、十四烷基三甲基氯化铵、十四烷基三甲基溴化铵、十四烷基三甲基硫酸铵、十四烷基二甲基苄基溴化铵、十四烷基二甲基苄基醋酸铵、十六烷基三甲基氯化铵、十六烷基三甲基溴化铵、十六烷基三甲基醋酸铵、十八烷基三甲基溴化铵、双十二烷基二甲基溴化铵、三辛基甲基溴化铵、松香基十四烷基三甲基溴化铵、十六烷基糖苷十二烷基三甲基溴化铵、双辛烷基糖苷二(十二烷基三甲基溴化铵)、双十二烷基糖苷二(十六烷基二甲基溴化铵)、3,3' _己二 1. A water based glass grinding fluid, comprising: a quaternary ammonium salt surfactant, an organic alcohol, corrosion inhibitor, and water, wherein the quaternary ammonium salt surfactant is selected from phenyl trimethyl ammonium bromide, benzyl trimethyl ammonium bromide, dodecyl trimethyl ammonium bromide, dodecyl trimethyl ammonium acetate, dodecyl trimethyl ammonium, dodecyl trimethyl ammonium sulfonate , lauryl dimethyl benzyl ammonium bromide, lauryl dimethyl benzyl ammonium acetate, myristyl trimethyl ammonium chloride, myristyl trimethyl ammonium bromide, tetradecyl alkyl trimethyl ammonium, myristyl dimethyl benzyl ammonium bromide, myristyl dimethyl benzyl ammonium acetate, cetyltrimethylammonium chloride, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, cetyl trimethyl ammonium acetate, octadecyl trimethyl ammonium bromide, didodecyl dimethyl ammonium bromide, trioctyl ammonium bromide, rosin-based ten tetraalkyl ammonium bromide, cetyl glucoside dodecyl trimethyl ammonium bromide, bis octyl glucoside bis (dodecyl trimethyl ammonium bromide), didodecyl glycoside di (cetyl dimethyl ammonium bromide), 3,3 '_ adipic 氧基-2,2' _ 二羟基_ 二丙基_双(十二烷基二甲基溴化铵)、十四酰胺十二烷基二甲基溴化铵、聚氧乙烯十二烷基二甲基溴化铵、聚氧乙烯十六烷基二甲基氯化铵、聚氧乙烯十六烷基二甲基溴化铵、二(2-1^ —(十七)烷基-1-甲酰胺乙基咪唑啉)己二胺三甲基溴化铵和二(2-十一烷基咪唑啉)丁二胺三甲基溴化铵中的一种或多种,且所述聚氧乙烯十二烷基二甲基溴化铵的数均分子量为5000,聚氧乙烯十六烷基二甲基氯化铵的数均分子量为20000,聚氧乙烯十六烷基二甲基溴化铵的数均分子量为10000 ;且所述缓蚀剂选自硼酸、苯硼酸、2-羧基苯硼酸、2-羟甲基苯硼酸、硼酸盐、硼酸酯、柠檬酸、2-羟基柠檬酸、柠檬酸盐、柠檬酸酯、唑类、膦酸类和聚丙烯酸类缓蚀剂中的一种或多种;且所述季铵盐表面活性剂的质量百分含量为0.1~20wt%,所述有机醇的质量百分含量为0.1~30wt% -2,2 'dihydroxy _ _ _ dipropyl bis (dodecyl dimethyl ammonium bromide), myristyl amide dodecyl dimethyl ammonium bromide, polyoxyethylene lauryl dimethyl ammonium bromide, polyoxyethylene cetyl dimethyl ammonium chloride, polyoxyethylene cetyl dimethyl ammonium bromide, bis (2-1 ^ - (17) alkyl -1 - carboxamide ethyl imidazoline) hexamethylenediamine ammonium bromide and bis (2-undecyl imidazoline) trimethylammonium bromide butanediamine of one or more, and the poly number polyoxyethylene lauryl dimethyl ammonium bromide average molecular weight of 5,000, a number polyoxyethylene cetyl dimethyl ammonium chloride-average molecular weight of 20,000, a polyoxyethylene cetyl dimethyl bromide ammonium number average molecular weight of 10,000; and the inhibitor is selected from boric acid, phenylboronic acid, 2-carboxyphenyl boronic acid, 2-hydroxymethyl benzene boronic acid, borates, borate, citrate, 2-hydroxyethyl citric acid, citrates, citrate, azoles, phosphonic acids and polyacrylic acids of one or more corrosion inhibitors; mass percentage of the surfactant and the quaternary ammonium salt is 0.1 ~ 20wt %, the mass percentage of the organic alcohol is 0.1 ~ 30wt% ,所述缓蚀剂的质量百分含量为0.01~20wt%,所述水的质量百分含量为30~99.5wt%。 The mass percentage of the corrosion inhibitor 0.01 ~ 20wt%, the mass percentage of the water is 30 ~ 99.5wt%.
  2. 2.如权利要求1所述磨削液,其特征在于,所述季铵盐表面活性剂选自苄基三甲基溴化铵、十二烷基三甲基溴化铵、十二烷基二甲基苄基溴化铵、十四烷基三甲基溴化铵、十四烷基二甲基苄基溴化铵、十六烷基三甲基溴化铵、双十二烷基二甲基溴化铵、十四酰胺十二烷基二甲基溴化铵、聚氧乙烯十二烷基二甲基溴化铵和二(2-1烷基咪唑啉)丁二胺三甲基溴化铵中的一种或多种。 2. The grinding liquid according to claim 1, wherein said quaternary ammonium salt surfactant is selected from benzyl bromide, dodecyl trimethyl ammonium bromide, dodecyl dimethyl benzyl ammonium bromide, myristyl trimethyl ammonium bromide, myristyl dimethyl benzyl ammonium bromide, cetyl trimethyl ammonium bromide, didodecyl ammonium bromide, myristyl amide dodecyl dimethyl ammonium bromide, polyoxyethylene lauryl dimethyl ammonium bromide and bis (imidazoline 2-1 alkyl) trimethyl-butanediamine one or more of ammonium bromide.
  3. 3.如权利要求1所述磨削液,其特征在于,所述季铵盐表面活性剂的质量百分含量为0.5 ~IOwt % ο 3. The grinding liquid according to claim 1, wherein the mass percentage of the quaternary ammonium salt surface active agent is 0.5 ~ IOwt% ο
  4. 4.如权利要求1所述磨削液,其特征在于,所述有机醇选自乙二醇、二乙二醇、三乙二醇、一缩二乙二醇、三缩二乙二醇、六缩二乙二醇、二缩三乙二醇、丙二醇、二丙二醇、一缩二丙二醇、三缩二丙二醇和六缩二丙二醇中的一种或多种。 4. The grinding fluid as claimed in claim 1, wherein the organic alcohol selected from ethylene glycol, diethylene glycol, triethylene glycol, dipropylene glycol, tripropylene glycol, six diethylene glycol, triethylene glycol, propylene glycol, dipropylene glycol, dipropylene glycol, triethylene glycol and dipropylene glycol dipropylene six of one or more.
  5. 5.如权利要求4所述磨削液,其特征在于,所述有机醇选自三缩二乙二醇、六缩二乙二醇、一缩二丙二醇、三缩二丙二醇、六缩二丙二醇和丙三醇中的一种或多种。 5. The grinding fluid as claimed in claim 4, wherein the organic alcohol is selected from diethylene glycol three, six diethylene glycol, dipropylene glycol, tripropylene glycol, dipropylene glycol six and one or more of glycerol.
  6. 6.如权利要求1所述磨削液,其特征在于,所述有机醇的质量百分含量为0.5~20wt %。 The grinding liquid 1 as claimed in claim 6, wherein the mass percent content of the organic alcohol is 0.5 ~ 20wt%.
  7. 7.如权利要求1所述磨削液,其特征在于,所述缓蚀剂选自四甲基硼酸铵、四乙基硼酸铵、硼酸一乙醇胺盐、硼酸三乙醇胺盐、硼酸二甘醇胺盐、硼酸一乙醇胺酯、硼酸三乙醇胺酯、硼酸二甘醇胺酯、硼酸异丙醇胺酯、硼酸甲基乙醇胺酯、硼酸甲基二乙醇胺酯、双联邻苯二酚硼酸酯、柠檬酸月桂醇酯、柠檬酸一乙醇胺酯、柠檬酸三乙醇胺酯、柠檬酸二甘醇胺酯、柠檬酸四甲基铵、柠檬酸四乙基铵、柠檬酸一乙醇胺盐、柠檬酸三乙醇胺盐、柠檬酸二甘醇胺盐、苯并三氮唑、甲基苯并三氮唑、苯并三氮唑二乙醇胺盐、2-巯基苯并咪唑、2-巯基苯并噻唑、2-巯基苯并噁唑、3-氨基-1,2,4-三氮唑、4-氨基-1,2,4-三氮唑、3-氨基-5-巯基-1,2,4-三氮唑、5-氨基-四氮唑、1-羟基亚乙基-1,1-二膦酸、氨基三亚甲基膦酸、2-膦酸丁烷-1,2,4-三羧酸、乙二胺四亚甲基膦酸 7. The grinding fluid as claimed in claim 1, wherein said inhibitor is selected from tetramethyl ammonium borate, tetraethylammonium borate, borate salts of monoethanolamine, triethanolamine borate, borate diglycolamine , borate monoethanolamine borate, triethanolamine borate, diglycol amine borate, triisopropanolamine borate, methylethanolamine borate, methyl diethanolamine, bis-linking catechol boronate, lemon acid esters of lauryl alcohol, citric acid ester monoethanolamine, triethanolamine citrate esters, esters of citric acid diglycol amine, tetramethylammonium citrate, tetraethyl ammonium citrate, citric acid ethanolamine salt, triethanolamine salt citrate , diglycol amine salts of citric acid, benzotriazole, methyl-benzotriazole, benzotriazole diethanolamine salt, 2-mercaptobenzimidazole, 2-mercapto benzothiazole, 2-mercaptobenzothiazole benzoxazole, 3-amino-1,2,4-triazole, 4-amino-1,2,4-triazole, 3-amino-5-mercapto-1,2,4-triazole, 5-amino - tetrazolium, 1-hydroxyethylidene-1,1-diphosphonic acid, amino-trimethylene phosphonic acid, 2-phosphonic acid, 1,2,4-tricarboxylic acid, ethylene diamine tetramethylene phosphonic acid 、聚氧乙烯改性的聚甲基丙烯酸和聚氧乙烯改性的聚丙烯酸一乙醇胺盐中的一种或多种。 Polyoxyethylene-modified polymethacrylic acid and polyoxyethylene-modified polyacrylic acid monoethanolamine salt of one or more.
  8. 8.如权利要求1所述磨削液,其特征在于,所述缓蚀剂的质量百分含量为0.1~1Owt % ο 8. The grinding liquid according to claim 1, wherein the mass percentage of the corrosion inhibitor is 0.1 ~ 1Owt% ο
  9. 9.如权利要求1所述磨削液,其特征在于,所述水选自自来水、去离子水、蒸馏水和超纯水中的一种或多种。 9. The grinding liquid according to claim 1, wherein said water is selected from tap water, deionized water, distilled water, and one or more ultra-pure water.
  10. 10.如权利要求1所述磨削液,其特征在于,所述水的质量百分含量为50~99wt%。 10. The grinding fluid as claimed in claim 1, wherein the mass percentage of the water is 50 ~ 99wt%.
  11. 11.如权利要求1所述磨削液,其特征在于,所述磨削液进一步包含极性有机溶剂、有机胺、无机盐、消泡剂和其它表面活性剂中的一种或多种,所述极性有机溶剂的含量为≤1Owt% ;所述有机胺的含量为≤ 10wt% ;所述的无机盐的含量为≤ 10wt% ;所述消泡剂的含量为≤2wt% ;所述其它表面活性剂的含量为≤1Owt%。 11. The grinding fluid as claimed in claim 1, wherein said grinding liquid further comprises a polar organic solvent, organic amine, inorganic salts, one or more antifoaming agents and other surface active agents, the content of the polar organic solvent is ≤1Owt%; content of the organic amine is ≤ 10wt%; the content of the inorganic salt is ≤ 10wt%; the amount of defoaming agent ≤2wt%; the the content of other surfactants is ≤1Owt%.
  12. 12.如权利要求11所述磨削液,其特征在于,所述极性有机溶剂选自亚砜、砜、咪唑烷酮和烷基二醇单烷基醚中的一种或多种。 12. The grinding liquid according to claim 11, wherein the polar organic solvent is selected from one or more sulfoxide, sulfone, imidazolidinone and glycol monoalkyl ether.
  13. 13.如权利要求12所述磨削液,其特征在于,所述极性有机溶剂选自二甲基亚砜、二乙基亚讽、甲乙基亚讽、甲基讽、乙基讽、环丁讽、2-味唑烧丽、I, 3- 二甲基-2-味唑烧丽、1,3- 二乙基-2-咪唑烷酮、二乙二醇单甲醚、二乙二醇单乙醚、二乙二醇单丁醚、丙二醇单丁醚、二丙二醇单甲醚、 二丙二醇单乙醚和二丙二醇单丁醚中的一种或多种。 13. The grinding liquid claim 12, wherein the polar organic solvent is selected from dimethyl sulfoxide, diethyl Bitterness, methylethyl sulfoxide Bitterness, Bitterness methyl, ethyl ridicule, ring Ding ridicule, 2-imidazol-burning Korea, I, 3- dimethyl-2-imidazol-burning Korea, 1,3-diethyl-2-imidazolidinone, diethylene glycol monomethyl ether, diethylene glycol monoethyl ether, diethylene glycol monobutyl ether, propylene glycol monobutyl ether, dipropylene glycol monomethyl ether, dipropylene glycol monomethyl ether and dipropylene glycol monobutyl ether is one or more.
  14. 14.如权利要求11所述磨削液,其特征在于,所述有机胺选自羟乙基乙二胺、己二胺、环己二胺、一乙醇胺、三乙醇胺、二甘醇胺、异丙醇胺、甲基乙醇胺、甲基二乙醇胺、二甲基乙醇胺、哌嗪和N,N- 二乙基哌嗪中的一种或多种。 14. The grinding fluid as claimed in claim 11, wherein the organic amine is selected from hydroxyethyl ethylene diamine, hexamethylene diamine, cyclohexylene diamine, monoethanolamine, triethanolamine, diglycol amine, iso propanolamine, methylethanolamine, methyldiethanolamine, dimethylethanolamine, piperazine and N, N- diethyl-piperazine of one or more.
  15. 15.如权利要求11所述磨削液,其特征在于,所述无机盐选自氯化钠、氯化钾、硝酸钠、硝酸钾、溴化钠、溴化钾、溴化铵、溴酸钾、碳酸钠、碳酸氢钠、碳酸钾、碳酸氢钾、硅酸钠、硅酸钾、钥酸钠、钥酸钾、钨酸钠和钨酸钾中的一种或多种。 15. The grinding liquid according to claim 11, wherein said inorganic salt selected from sodium chloride, potassium chloride, sodium nitrate, potassium nitrate, sodium bromide, potassium bromide, ammonium bromide, potassium bromate, sodium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate, potassium carbonate, potassium bicarbonate, sodium silicate, potassium silicate, sodium key, key, potassium, sodium tungstate and potassium tungstate one or more.
  16. 16.如权利要求11所述磨削液,其特征在于,所述消泡剂选自改性聚氧乙烯醚、改性聚氧丙烯醚和改性聚硅氧烷中的一种或多种。 16. The grinding liquid according to claim 11, wherein said modified defoaming agent one selected from polyoxyethylene ethers, polyoxypropylene ethers modified and modified silicone or more .
  17. 17.如权利要求16所述磨削液,其特征在于,所述消泡剂选自聚氧乙烯丙三醇醚、聚氧丙烯丙三醇醚、聚氧乙烯聚氧丙烯季戊四醇醚、聚氧乙烯改性的聚硅氧烷、聚氧乙烯改性的聚二甲硅氧烷中的一种或多种。 17. The grinding liquid according to claim 16, wherein the defoaming agent is selected from polyoxyethylene glyceryl ether, polyoxypropylene glyceryl ether, polyoxyethylene polyoxypropylene pentaerythritol ether, polyoxyethylene ethylene-modified polysiloxane, polyoxyethylene-modified polydimethylsiloxane of one or more.
  18. 18.如权利要求11所述磨削液,其特征在于,所述其它表面活性剂选自聚乙二醇、聚乙烯吡咯烷酮和聚氧乙烯醚中的一种或多种。 18. The grinding liquid according to claim 11, wherein said additional surfactant is selected from polyethylene glycol, polyvinylpyrrolidone and one or more polyoxyethylene ether.
  19. 19.如权利要求18所述磨削液,其特征在于,所述其它表面活性剂选自聚乙二醇和/或聚氧乙烯醚。 19. The grinding liquid according to claim 18, wherein said other surfactant is selected from polyethylene glycol and / or polyoxyethylene ethers.
  20. 20.如权利要求11所述磨削液,其特征在于,所述其它表面活性剂的数均分子量为500 ~100000。 20. The grinding liquid according to claim 11, wherein said other surfactant is number average molecular weight of 500 to 100,000.
  21. 21.如权利要求20所述磨削液,其特征在于,所述其它表面活性剂的数均分子量为1000 ~50000。 21. The grinding liquid according to claim 20, wherein said other surfactant is number average molecular weight of 1,000 to 50,000.
  22. 22.如权利要求1~21任一项所述磨削液的使用方法:根据所需玻璃磨削量大小确定将水基玻璃磨削液原液用水稀释,将水基玻璃磨削液的稀释液以50~300mL/min的流速流在旋转的金刚石研磨垫或金刚石研磨盘上,通过在玻璃表面施加适当的压力将玻璃进行磨削。 22. The method according to any one of 1 to 21 using the grinding liquid claim: water based glass grinding fluid stock solution was diluted with water to determine the amount of grinding glass according to the required size, the diluent is water based glass grinding fluid at 50 ~ 300mL / min flow rate of a stream on a rotating polishing pad diamond or diamond grinding disc, grinding the glass by applying appropriate pressure on the glass surface.
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