CN102101364A - Loose metal litter briquetting machine and processing method - Google Patents

Loose metal litter briquetting machine and processing method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102101364A
CN102101364A CN2010105980510A CN201010598051A CN102101364A CN 102101364 A CN102101364 A CN 102101364A CN 2010105980510 A CN2010105980510 A CN 2010105980510A CN 201010598051 A CN201010598051 A CN 201010598051A CN 102101364 A CN102101364 A CN 102101364A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pusher
bucket
oil cylinder
hair
precompressed
Prior art date
Application number
CN2010105980510A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨棋君
Original Assignee
江阴市瑞丰液压机械有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 江阴市瑞丰液压机械有限公司 filed Critical 江阴市瑞丰液压机械有限公司
Priority to CN2010105980510A priority Critical patent/CN102101364A/en
Publication of CN102101364A publication Critical patent/CN102101364A/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a loose metal litter briquetting machine. A vertical main cylinder is arranged at the top of a stand, a piston of the main cylinder is connected with a punch in up-and-down reciprocating motion in a final pressure swaging bucket, a soleplate for sealing the bucket bottom is arranged at the bottom of the swaging bucket and controlled by a horizontally arranged knife gate cylinder, the middle of the swaging bucket is horizontally provided with a pushing cabin which is in sealed connection and vertical intersection with the swaging bucket; the tail end of the pushing cabin is provided with a pushing head connected with a piston of a pushing cylinder piston, the pushing cabin is provided with an open side which is communicated with the bottom of a feeding hopper, a precompression pushing head is arranged at the other side of the bottom of the feeding hopper and connected with a piston of a precompression cylinder. The precompression cylinder, the pushing cylinder and the main cylinder provided by the invention respectively extrude materials in the three directions of the X axis, the Y axis and the Z axis to effectively improve the compression efficiency of the materials and finally obtain high-density litter cakes while cutting coiled wires and separating litter liquid and have high degree of automation and good economic benefits.

Description

Loose metal debris cuber and processing method
Technical field
The present invention relates to old metal bits reclaimer field, specifically is a kind of cuber with loose metal debris briquet material.
Background technology
Loose scrap metal especially some density loose take up space very big as processing waste materials such as wood shavings, curled hair, cutting slag bits, be not easy to transportation and reclaim processing, therefore usually these scrap metals are compressed to the metal derby of density densification by the extruding of hydraulic punching head, transport again or fusion regeneration.Present cuber structure is more coarse, utilizes pusher to cut somebody's hair usually waste material is pushed in the uncovered briquetting bucket, utilizes main drift that waste material is carried out the single compacting then; Not only compression efficiency is lower, and piece material density is comparatively loose; And pusher is cut somebody's hair and through regular meeting waste material is shifted onto outside the bucket in the pusher process, especially for long curled hair, owing to can not cut off, thereby can take place to elongate or twine.During real work, need to arrange two people's working platform doors to adopt ripping bars to stab material in binder storehouses and the briquetting bucket, also need often to shut down the cleaning curled hair, production efficiency is very low, can not continuous dosing, so can not be applicable to continuous production, and security incident takes place easily.
Summary of the invention
The applicant is low at above-mentioned existing metal cuber compression efficiency, production efficiency is low, can not produce and easily take place shortcomings such as security incident continuously, provide a kind of rational in infrastructure, the compression ratio height, but loose metal debris cuber of quantity-produced and processing method, thus can high-efficiency and continuous carry out briquetting work.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is as follows:
A kind of loose metal debris cuber, be provided with vertical master cylinder at frame top, the piston of master cylinder is connected with the drift that pumps in final pressure binder bucket, base plate at the bottom of binder bucket bottom is provided with closed vat, utilize horizontally disposed pumping board oil cylinder to control, the middle part of described binder bucket has been horizontally disposed with the pusher storehouse, be connected and intersect vertically with airtight between the binder bucket, pusher storehouse end is provided with the pusher that is connected with the pusher oil cylinder piston and cuts somebody's hair, side, pusher storehouse is open to communicate with the bottom of feed hopper, the bottom opposite side that precompressed is cut somebody's hair and is positioned at feed hopper, precompressed are cut somebody's hair and are linked to each other with the piston of prefabricating oil cylinder.It is further characterized in that:
The cover plate leading edge at top, described pusher storehouse is provided with shear-blade, is fixed with lower shear blade on the described precompressed top of cutting somebody's hair, and interlaces and realizes shearing with the described shear-blade of going up.
A kind of processing method that adopts above-mentioned loose metal debris cuber may further comprise the steps:
(1) precompressed, prefabricating oil cylinder stretches out, and the scrap that precompressed is cut somebody's hair feed hopper bottom pushes the pusher storehouse;
(2) pusher, the pusher oil cylinder stretches out, and pusher is cut somebody's hair the bits material in the pusher storehouse is pushed in the binder bucket; Pusher oil cylinder and prefabricating oil cylinder retracted for clearance;
(3) final pressure, master cylinder stretches out, and drift is downwards to the punching out of pressurizeing of the bits material in the binder bucket;
(4) discharging, pumping board oil cylinder are shunk, and at the bottom of base plate retreated and opens barrel, master cylinder stretched out, and drift will consider piece release at the bottom of the bucket; The pumping board oil cylinder stretches out and resets, master cylinder shrinks.It is further characterized in that:
In the described first step after precompressed is finished, precompressed little the moving back of cutting somebody's hair.
After final pressure was finished, drift is little to move back in described the 3rd step.
After the described first step to the three goes on foot the punching out that repeatedly circulates, carry out the 4th step discharging again.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is as follows:
Prefabricating oil cylinder, pusher oil cylinder and master cylinder that the present invention is provided with carry out the three-dimensional extruding in X-axis, Y-axis and Z-direction to material respectively, effectively raise the compression efficiency of material, finally obtain highdensity bits cake, are convenient to subsequent transportation and reclaim processing.The present invention compacting simultaneously also can with the cutting fluid in the scrap (example: the liquid that any cutting such as oil, oil water mixture, water is used) thus squeezing extrude and can realize bits, liquid separation, separating effect can reach more than 97%, and the also recyclable repeated use of isolated cutting fluid, energy-conserving and environment-protective.The airtight connection between pusher of the present invention storehouse and the binder bucket, the outer phenomenon of bucket of being scattered when having avoided uncovered binder bucket charging; The present invention adopts lower shear blade that material is cut off, and has avoided materials such as curled hair to be elongated in pressing process or to twine, and causes equipment downtime or extra labor cleaning.The present invention can directly handle curled hair, the pulverizer that does not need high energy consumption is set separately carries out preliminary treatment, consider liquid separative efficiency height simultaneously to be worth doing, also not needing to consider to be worth doing the liquid pre-separation handles, therefore improved operating efficiency greatly, can realize the continuous automatic production of equipment, effectively save labor cost.
In the processing method of the present invention in good time little move back cut somebody's hair, drift, can guarantee that hydraulic press can be sent into smoothly with little pressure in the next work step, significantly reduce equipment cost and energy efficient.The present invention is charging repeatedly, punching press repeatedly, thus improve the density and the output of considering cake to be worth doing, therefore can process the very loose material of density, widely applicable, good in economic efficiency.
The present invention adopts high column structure, and rigidity of frame is good, is provided with binder bucket and high strength die sleeve simultaneously, therefore can carry out big pressure, highdensity compacting, good reliability, long working life.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a stereogram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a working state schematic representation of the present invention, the first step.
Fig. 3 is a working state schematic representation of the present invention, second step.
Fig. 4 is the left view of Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is a working state schematic representation of the present invention, the 3rd step.
Fig. 6 is a working state schematic representation of the present invention, the 4th step.
Fig. 7 is a working state schematic representation of the present invention, the 5th step.
Fig. 8 is a control flow chart of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the specific embodiment of equipment of the present invention and processing method is described.
As Fig. 1, shown in Figure 4, loose metal debris cuber of the present invention is provided with vertical master cylinder 4 and oil tank 5 at frame 1 top, the piston of master cylinder 4 is connected the drift 12 that pumps in the final pressure binder bucket 3, be provided with high-intensity die sleeve at final pressure binder bucket 3 oral areas, the bottom is provided with the base plate 13 at the bottom of the closed vat, base plate 13 utilizes horizontally disposed pumping board oil cylinder 2 to control, and finishes sealing or the end action of open bucket.On the height of the middle part of binder bucket 3, be horizontally disposed with pusher storehouse 8, the airtight connection between pusher of the present invention storehouse 8 and the binder bucket 3, and intersect vertically, promptly the front end quadrature in pusher storehouse 8 is on the bucket wall of binder bucket 3, and the end in pusher storehouse 8 is provided with the pusher that is connected with pusher oil cylinder 9 pistons and cuts somebody's hair 11; As Fig. 2, shown in Figure 3, the cover plate 15 at the top in pusher storehouse 8 is provided with shear-blade 14-1, the side in pusher storehouse 8 is open to communicate with the bottom of feed hopper 6, the precompressed 10 bottom opposite sides that are positioned at feed hopper 6 of cutting somebody's hair, be fixed with lower shear blade 14-2 on precompressed 10 tops of cutting somebody's hair, interlace with last shear-blade 14-1 and realize to shear, precompressed is cut somebody's hair and 10 is linked to each other with the piston of prefabricating oil cylinder 7; Prefabricating oil cylinder 7, pusher oil cylinder 9 are vertical mutually in twos with master cylinder 4, lay respectively at X-axis, Y-axis and Z-direction, have realized pushing for the three-dimensional of material.
Workflow of the present invention Figure 8 shows that control flow chart of the present invention with reference to Fig. 2 to Fig. 7.
The first step: feed.As shown in Figure 2, feed hopper 6 is carried and poured into to the belt feeder with metal debris 101, and this moment, metal debris 101 was very loose, and shared volume is very big.
Second step: precompressed.As shown in Figure 3, Figure 4, prefabricating oil cylinder 7 stretches out action, precompressed cut somebody's hair 10 push, precompressed 10 metal debris 101 with the bottom of feed hopper 6 of cutting somebody's hair push pusher storehouse 8, in this process, loose metal debris 101 is reduced by precompressed gradually, volume in X-direction, when lower shear blade 14-2 cuts mutually with last shear-blade 14-1, can cut off material elongated or that twine, final material is compressed to concentrate on and forms low-density bits material 102 in the pusher storehouse 8; At this moment, the precompressed distance about 10 quick little 1cm of moving back of cutting somebody's hair, so that pusher is cut somebody's hair and 11 sent into smoothly, according to the reality test, if do not carry out little operation of moving back, the thrust that then follow-up pusher is cut somebody's hair increases greatly, even needs nearly ten times hydraulic coupling.
The 3rd step: pusher.As shown in Figure 5, pusher oil cylinder 9 stretches out action, and pusher is cut somebody's hair 11 to be pushed, and pusher is cut somebody's hair and 11 the bits of the low-density in pusher storehouse material 102 pushed in the binder bucket 3, further compress material from Y direction in this process, final material is compressed and concentrates on density bits material 103 in binder bucket 3 interior the formation; Finish pusher pusher material oil cylinder 9 and shrink, pusher is cut somebody's hair and 11 is resetted, and prefabricating oil cylinder 7 shrinks simultaneously, and precompressed is cut somebody's hair and 10 resetted.
The 4th step: final pressure.As shown in Figure 6, master cylinder 4 stretches out action, drift 12 is downwards to the punching out of pressurizeing of the middle density bits material 103 in the binder bucket 3, middle density bits material 103 has formed highdensity bits piece 104 under the huge compression force of Z-direction, suspend action at bits material compacting lowest point master cylinder 4, simultaneously with the master cylinder pressure release about 0.5 second, then about drift 12 quick microlitre 1cm; For the very loose scrap of density, punching out only once can not reach desirable pressing result, therefore master cylinder 4 shrinks, drift 12 rises and resets, repeat second step and the action of the 3rd step, continuation repeatedly replenishes material and compacting in to binder bucket 3, go out the bits piece of desired compression density, quality with punching out.
The 5th step: discharging.As shown in Figure 7, pumping board oil cylinder 2 shrinks, and at the bottom of base plate 13 retreated and opens barrel, this moment, master cylinder 4 continued to stretch out at a slow speed, and drift 12 will consider piece 104 release at the bottom of the bucket and be finished discharging.Pumping board oil cylinder 2 stretches out then, and base plate 13 at the bottom of the closed vat, and master cylinder 4 shrinks, and drift 12 resets.
More than describing is explanation of the invention, is not that institute of the present invention restricted portion is referring to claim to the qualification of invention, and under the situation of spirit of the present invention, the present invention can do any type of modification.

Claims (6)

1. loose metal debris cuber, be provided with vertical master cylinder at frame top, the piston of master cylinder is connected with the drift that pumps in final pressure binder bucket, base plate at the bottom of binder bucket bottom is provided with closed vat, utilize horizontally disposed pumping board oil cylinder to control, it is characterized in that: the middle part of described binder bucket has been horizontally disposed with the pusher storehouse, be connected and intersect vertically with airtight between the binder bucket, pusher storehouse end is provided with the pusher that is connected with the pusher oil cylinder piston and cuts somebody's hair, side, pusher storehouse is open to communicate with the bottom of feed hopper, the bottom opposite side that precompressed is cut somebody's hair and is positioned at feed hopper, precompressed are cut somebody's hair and are linked to each other with the piston of prefabricating oil cylinder.
2. according to the described loose metal debris cuber of claim 1, it is characterized in that: the cover plate leading edge at top, described pusher storehouse is provided with shear-blade, is fixed with lower shear blade on the described precompressed top of cutting somebody's hair, and interlaces and realizes shearing with the described shear-blade of going up.
3. processing method that adopts the described loose metal debris cuber of claim 1 may further comprise the steps:
(1) precompressed, prefabricating oil cylinder stretches out, and precompressed is cut somebody's hair the scrap in the feed hopper is pushed the pusher storehouse;
(2) pusher, the pusher oil cylinder stretches out, and pusher is cut somebody's hair the bits material in the pusher storehouse is pushed in the binder bucket; Pusher oil cylinder and prefabricating oil cylinder retracted for clearance;
(3) final pressure, master cylinder stretches out, and drift is downwards to the punching out of pressurizeing of the bits material in the binder bucket;
(4) discharging, pumping board oil cylinder are shunk, and at the bottom of base plate retreated and opens barrel, master cylinder stretched out, and drift will consider piece release at the bottom of the bucket; The pumping board oil cylinder stretches out, the master cylinder retracted for clearance.
4. according to the described loose metal debris briquetting processing method of claim 3, it is characterized in that: in the described first step after precompressed is finished, precompressed little the moving back of cutting somebody's hair.
5. according to the described loose metal debris briquetting processing method of claim 3, it is characterized in that: after final pressure was finished, drift is little to move back in described the 3rd step.
6. according to the described loose metal debris briquetting processing method of claim 3, it is characterized in that: after the described first step to the three goes on foot the punching out that repeatedly circulates, carry out the 4th step discharging again.
CN2010105980510A 2010-12-21 2010-12-21 Loose metal litter briquetting machine and processing method CN102101364A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN102101364A true CN102101364A (en) 2011-06-22

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102634665A (en) * 2012-04-16 2012-08-15 金川集团有限公司 Treatment method of waste copper cuttings
CN103231540A (en) * 2013-04-27 2013-08-07 江阴市瑞丰液压机械有限公司 Release space structure of briquetting machine
CN103481533A (en) * 2013-10-08 2014-01-01 安徽省小小科技实业有限责任公司 Packing device for recovering scrap iron on machining production line
CN104152700A (en) * 2014-08-13 2014-11-19 江苏超威电源有限公司 Separating, tableting and recycling system for lead scrap of storage battery machining
CN104816371A (en) * 2015-04-21 2015-08-05 安徽宏博木业有限公司 Crushing and briquetting apparatus of timber chipping device
CN105690846A (en) * 2016-03-10 2016-06-22 东莞市浩业贸易有限公司 Metal scrap briquetting machine
CN105841158A (en) * 2016-05-29 2016-08-10 天津优瑞纳斯液压机械有限公司 Feeding system of dangerous waste incinerator
CN106042437A (en) * 2016-07-31 2016-10-26 江阴市瑞丰液压机械有限公司 Double-main-cylinder chip cake machine and chip cake pressing process
CN106273625A (en) * 2015-05-28 2017-01-04 沙玛科技股份有限公司 Fragment compressor
CN106427028A (en) * 2016-09-14 2017-02-22 湖南利邦生物能源科技有限公司 Biomass fuel briquetting forming machine
CN109049815A (en) * 2018-09-17 2018-12-21 芜湖市天宏精密锻造有限公司 A kind of semi-manufactured bearing polished waste material collection device

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0267545A2 (en) * 1986-11-12 1988-05-18 Lindemann Maschinenfabrik GmbH Position control device
US5505886A (en) * 1992-12-11 1996-04-09 Utah State University Foundation Process for densification of low density polystyrene
CN201325190Y (en) * 2008-12-23 2009-10-14 孙立国 Metal particles briquetting machine of pushing material, pressing material and briquetting material by hydrocylinder
CN201922567U (en) * 2010-12-21 2011-08-10 江阴市瑞丰液压机械有限公司 Briquetting machine for loose metal scraps

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0267545A2 (en) * 1986-11-12 1988-05-18 Lindemann Maschinenfabrik GmbH Position control device
US5505886A (en) * 1992-12-11 1996-04-09 Utah State University Foundation Process for densification of low density polystyrene
CN201325190Y (en) * 2008-12-23 2009-10-14 孙立国 Metal particles briquetting machine of pushing material, pressing material and briquetting material by hydrocylinder
CN201922567U (en) * 2010-12-21 2011-08-10 江阴市瑞丰液压机械有限公司 Briquetting machine for loose metal scraps

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102634665A (en) * 2012-04-16 2012-08-15 金川集团有限公司 Treatment method of waste copper cuttings
CN103231540B (en) * 2013-04-27 2016-08-10 江阴市瑞丰液压机械有限公司 The Free up Memory structure of cuber
CN103231540A (en) * 2013-04-27 2013-08-07 江阴市瑞丰液压机械有限公司 Release space structure of briquetting machine
CN103481533A (en) * 2013-10-08 2014-01-01 安徽省小小科技实业有限责任公司 Packing device for recovering scrap iron on machining production line
CN104152700A (en) * 2014-08-13 2014-11-19 江苏超威电源有限公司 Separating, tableting and recycling system for lead scrap of storage battery machining
CN104816371A (en) * 2015-04-21 2015-08-05 安徽宏博木业有限公司 Crushing and briquetting apparatus of timber chipping device
CN104816371B (en) * 2015-04-21 2018-02-23 池州海琳服装有限公司 A kind of crushing briquetting device of wood chipper
CN106273625A (en) * 2015-05-28 2017-01-04 沙玛科技股份有限公司 Fragment compressor
CN105690846A (en) * 2016-03-10 2016-06-22 东莞市浩业贸易有限公司 Metal scrap briquetting machine
CN105690846B (en) * 2016-03-10 2017-07-18 东莞市浩业贸易有限公司 A kind of scrap metal cuber
CN105841158A (en) * 2016-05-29 2016-08-10 天津优瑞纳斯液压机械有限公司 Feeding system of dangerous waste incinerator
CN106042437A (en) * 2016-07-31 2016-10-26 江阴市瑞丰液压机械有限公司 Double-main-cylinder chip cake machine and chip cake pressing process
CN106427028A (en) * 2016-09-14 2017-02-22 湖南利邦生物能源科技有限公司 Biomass fuel briquetting forming machine
CN109049815A (en) * 2018-09-17 2018-12-21 芜湖市天宏精密锻造有限公司 A kind of semi-manufactured bearing polished waste material collection device

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Application publication date: 20110622