CN102095261A - Automatic tracking type solar energy heat collecting device - Google Patents

Automatic tracking type solar energy heat collecting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102095261A
CN102095261A CN2011100440915A CN201110044091A CN102095261A CN 102095261 A CN102095261 A CN 102095261A CN 2011100440915 A CN2011100440915 A CN 2011100440915A CN 201110044091 A CN201110044091 A CN 201110044091A CN 102095261 A CN102095261 A CN 102095261A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
solar thermal
thermal collector
heat collecting
collecting device
collector
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN2011100440915A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102095261B (en
Inventor
张国峰
齐日生
刘子坤
张金忠
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Xuzhou Jiayu Energy Technology Co. Ltd.
Original Assignee
Beijing Jiayu Door Window and Curtain Wall Joint Stock Co Ltd
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Application filed by Beijing Jiayu Door Window and Curtain Wall Joint Stock Co Ltd filed Critical Beijing Jiayu Door Window and Curtain Wall Joint Stock Co Ltd
Priority to CN2011100440915A priority Critical patent/CN102095261B/en
Publication of CN102095261A publication Critical patent/CN102095261A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/47Mountings or tracking

Abstract

The invention relates to an automatic tracking type solar energy heat collecting device. A tracking heat collecting device is arranged outside, and a heat storage water tank is arranged inside; the tracking heat collecting device comprises a mounting rack, a solar energy heat collecting device, a photosensitive sensor, a turning driving mechanism and a control circuit; two ends of the solar energy heat collecting device are provided with an upper half shaft and a lower half shaft, and the solar energy heat collecting device and the mounting rack are mounted in a rotation mode; the turning driving mechanism comprises a driving motor and a transmission mechanism; the turning driving mechanism and the solar energy heat collecting device are connected dynamically; and the heat storage water tank and the solar energy heat collecting device are communicated through a water transmission pipe. According to the invention, the working surface of the solar energy heat collecting device is irradiated by sunlight all the time, the illumination time is prolonged, and the heat collecting efficiency is improved.

Description

A kind of automatic tracking type solar heat collector
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of automatic tracking type solar heat collector, the outdoor tracking heat collector that is provided with, the indoor heat storage water tank that is provided with; Follow the trail of heat collector and comprise solar thermal collector, light sensor, upset driving mechanism and control circuit, heat storage water tank is communicated with by aqueduct with solar thermal collector.
Background technology
Along with the continuous propelling of reform and opening-up and the raising day by day of living standards of the people, people more and more pay attention to living environment and construction quality.Building doors and windows is the part of exterior wall and interior decoration as the building function material, and it not only will have basic functions such as daylighting, ventilation, weather proof, and insulation, heat insulation, sound insulation, fire prevention, function such as anticorrosion also will be arranged.The high performance energy saving door and window that particularly have energy-saving and environmental protection, improves building thermal environments will more and more be subjected to people's attention along with the development of society.Current society advocates the life of green energy conservation, low-carbon environment-friendly.Chinese patent 02276416.X discloses a kind of bulkhead type solar thermal collector, it comprises window frame and the hollow comb of thermal-arrest, on window frame, be fixed with double glazing, the hollow comb of thermal-arrest is located among the interlayer of double glazing and is fixed on the window frame, also is provided with the tube connector that is connected with the hollow comb of thermal-arrest on window frame.This utility model not only has the heat collection function that absorbs solar energy, but also has sound insulation, warming, printing opacity; And have heat radiation less, advantage that the thermal efficiency is high.But because of being subjected to the influence of geographical position and surrounding enviroment, want to improve the collecting efficiency of solar thermal collector, the lighting angle of solar thermal collector and light application time are two key factors.Present mounting means is difficult for regulating at any time the light angle of solar thermal collector, and solar energy utilizes insufficient.So, need to propose a kind of automatic tracking type solar heat collector.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of automatic tracking type solar heat collector, the outdoor tracking heat collector that is provided with, the indoor heat storage water tank that is provided with; Follow the trail of heat collector and comprise solar thermal collector, light sensor, upset driving mechanism and control circuit, heat storage water tank is communicated with by aqueduct with solar thermal collector.Tracking heat collector automatic sun-tracking light of the present invention has prolonged light application time, has improved collecting efficiency.
The objective of the invention is to realize: a kind of automatic tracking type solar heat collector, the outdoor tracking heat collector that is provided with, the indoor heat storage water tank that is provided with by following technical proposals; Described tracking heat collector comprises installing rack, solar thermal collector, light sensor, upset driving mechanism and control circuit; Described solar thermal collector two ends are provided with semiaxis and following semiaxis, and described solar thermal collector and described installing rack rotate to be installed; Described upset driving mechanism comprises drive motors and transmission mechanism; Described upset driving mechanism is connected with described solar thermal collector power; Described heat storage water tank is communicated with by aqueduct with described solar thermal collector.
The present invention compared with prior art has following advantage:
1, tracking heat collector automatic sun-tracking light of the present invention remains the sunshine direct projection to the working face of solar thermal collector, has prolonged light application time effectively, has improved collecting efficiency.
2, on the tracking heat collector of the present invention lockable mechanism is set, eliminates the influence of wind load solar thermal collector.
3, heat storage water tank of the present invention is arranged on the solar thermal collector oblique upper, and heat transfer medium (water) Natural Circulation between solar thermal collector and heat storage water tank improves collecting efficiency.
4, the present invention is simple in structure, can be installed on the outside of building window easily, safeguards convenient.
Description of drawings
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
Fig. 1 is an overall structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the position view of solar thermal collector when standby;
Fig. 3 is the position view of solar thermal collector in the period in the morning;
Fig. 4 the is solar thermal collector position view of period at noon;
Fig. 5 is the position view after the solar thermal collector upset;
Fig. 6 the is solar thermal collector position view of period in the afternoon;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of embodiment two;
Fig. 8 is the schematic diagram (the A portion enlarged drawing of Fig. 7) of lockable mechanism;
Fig. 9 is the schematic diagram (the B-B cutaway view of Fig. 8) of lock plate.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment one:
Referring to Fig. 1, automatic tracking type solar heat collector of the present invention, the outdoor setting followed the trail of heat collector 2, the indoor heat storage water tank 3 that is provided with; Described tracking heat collector comprises installing rack 21, solar thermal collector 22, light sensor 23, upset driving mechanism 24 and control circuit; Microcomputer controller is set in the control circuit, wherein is solidified with control program.Described solar thermal collector two ends are provided with semiaxis and following semiaxis, and described solar thermal collector and described installing rack rotate to be installed; Described upset driving mechanism comprises drive motors and transmission mechanism; Described upset driving mechanism is connected with described solar thermal collector power; Described heat storage water tank is communicated with by aqueduct 4 with described solar thermal collector.
Referring to Fig. 1, in the present embodiment, the installing rack 21 of following the trail of heat collector 2 adopts the split structural design, is made up of top installing rack and bottom installing rack, and installing rack is by window frame or the construction wall fixed installation of expansion bolt with building window 1.Described solar thermal collector 22 two ends are provided with semiaxis and following semiaxis along the center of rotation of described solar thermal collector; The last semiaxis of solar thermal collector is installed in the axis hole of top installing rack, and the following semiaxis of solar thermal collector is installed in the axis hole of bottom installing rack, and described solar thermal collector and described installing rack rotate to be installed.Described solar thermal collector is made up of the solar vacuum heat-collecting pipe of upper header, lower collecting box and a plurality of parallel connections.The upper header of solar thermal collector is provided with delivery port 221, and the lower collecting box of solar thermal collector is provided with water inlet 222; Water inlet on the solar thermal collector is communicated with the water return outlet 32 of heat storage water tank by aqueduct 4, and the delivery port on the solar thermal collector is communicated with the water inlet 31 of heat storage water tank by aqueduct.But the one section aqueduct that links to each other with solar thermal collector adopts the flexible pipe of free bend.
In the present embodiment, described heat storage water tank 3 comprises shell, inner bag and heat-insulation layer; Heat-insulation layer is the plastic foamed heat-insulation layer of inner bag outer surface.The inner bag bottom is provided with water inlet 31, water return outlet 32 and the delivery port 33 that passes heat-insulation layer and shell.The water inlet 31 of heat storage water tank is communicated with the delivery port 221 of solar thermal collector by aqueduct, the water return outlet 32 of heat storage water tank is communicated with the water inlet 222 of solar thermal collector by aqueduct, the delivery port 33 of heat storage water tank is communicated with indoor hot water pipeline, for kitchen and toilet provide the domestic hot-water.Heat storage water tank is positioned at the oblique upper of solar thermal collector, and the water endless form between heat storage water tank and the solar thermal collector is by the gravity circulation, improves collecting efficiency.Heat storage water tank is installed in the position of close ceiling on the indoor wall, and such design can utilize the space cleverly, repairs also very convenient.
Referring to Fig. 1, in the present embodiment, described light sensor 23 is surveyed the variation of solar light irradiation angles, and the variation of lighting angle is converted to the signal of telecommunication.Light sensor with the signal of telecommunication real-time send to control circuit.Described upset driving mechanism 24 comprises drive motors, driving gear, driven gear 25; The last semiaxis fixed installation of driven gear and solar thermal collector.Drive motors in the present embodiment is a stepper motor.Control circuit control drive motors drives the solar thermal collector rotation.Clock control cell and electronic timer are set in the control circuit.
Referring to Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, Fig. 6 (Fig. 2 is the vertical view of Fig. 1), in the present embodiment, the course of work with the track of the whole process sunshine is divided into several periods: (7~11 point), period at noon (11~13 point), (13~17) period in the morning period in the afternoon.The setting of period is stored in the clock control cell in advance, can adjust each period according to the length of changes of seasons, geographical position, sunshine-duration.Solar thermal collector is at stand-by operation period (17~7 point), and the working face of solar thermal collector and the angle of installing rack are 0 °, as shown in Figure 2.
When time to 7 of electronic timer this constantly, control circuit drives the solar thermal collector angle that turns clockwise according to the signal of telecommunication control drive motors that receives, and makes the sunshine direct projection on first working face of solar thermal collector; As shown in Figure 3, the arrow among Fig. 3 is represented the light of sunshine.According to the time of electronic timer, certain period of the every interval of clock control cell sends once command to the upset driving mechanism, drives the solar thermal collector action once.Period at interval can be set at 10 minutes, 15 minutes, 20 minutes ..., the period at interval is 10 minutes in the present embodiment.
When time to 11 in this moment of electronic timer, solar thermal collector rotates to position shown in Figure 4.When time to 12 in this moment of electronic timer, the working face of solar thermal collector and the angle of installing rack are 90 °, and control circuit control drive motors drives solar thermal collector and is rotated counterclockwise 170 °~180 °; This moment, the sunshine direct projection was on second working face (back side of first working face of solar thermal collector) of solar thermal collector.
Referring to Fig. 5, when time to 13 of electronic timer this constantly, control circuit is according to being received in the signal of telecommunication that light sensor sends, the control drive motors drives the solar thermal collector angle that turns clockwise.Fig. 6 show electronic timer time to 17 this constantly the time, the residing position of solar thermal collector.Arrow among Fig. 6 is represented the light of sunshine.According to the time of electronic timer, certain period of the every interval of clock control cell sends once command to the upset driving mechanism, drives the solar thermal collector action once.
Tracking heat collector automatic sun-tracking light of the present invention, in the course of work of track of the whole process sunshine, remain the sunshine direct projection to the working face of solar thermal collector, when having guaranteed best light angle, prolonged light application time effectively, improved collecting efficiency.
Embodiment two:
Present embodiment is to improve on the basis of embodiment one, and the part identical with embodiment one please refer among the embodiment one disclosed content and understand in the present embodiment, is not repeated in this description herein.
Referring to Fig. 7, Fig. 8, in the present embodiment, on the described tracking heat collector 2 lockable mechanism 6 is set, described lockable mechanism comprises electromagnetism dead bolt 61 and lock plate 62.In the present embodiment, lockable mechanism is arranged on the bottom of following the trail of heat collector.Described electromagnetism dead bolt comprises a horizontal base plate, the following semiaxis fixed installation of described horizontal base plate one end and solar thermal collector.Described horizontal base plate is provided with a spring leaf 611, and an end and the horizontal base plate of spring leaf are fixed.Be provided with small clevis pin with head near the other end of spring leaf, small clevis pin with head is inserted in the through hole on the horizontal base plate.The top of small clevis pin with head present position is provided with electromagnet 612, and electromagnet is by support and horizontal base plate fixed installation.Described lock plate is fixed on the installing rack of described bottom, and lock plate is fan-shaped, and lock plate is provided with axis hole, and the following semiaxis of solar thermal collector is inserted in this axis hole; Center with axis hole on the lock plate is that center of circle rotation round equidistantly is provided with a plurality of locking holes 622, the corresponding setting with small clevis pin with head of this locking hole.
Referring to Fig. 8, lockable mechanism is in released state, and the electromagnet energising holds small clevis pin with head, spring leaf yield deformation.The electromagnetism dead bolt rotates with solar thermal collector, when the through hole on the horizontal base plate when axis hole on the lock plate aligns, the electromagnet outage discharges small clevis pin with head, small clevis pin with head inserts under the elastic force effect of spring leaf in the axis hole on the lock plate, lockable mechanism locks; As shown in Figure 7.Lockable mechanism can be eliminated the influence of wind load to solar thermal collector.Electromagnet is provided with the sensor that detects axis hole and small clevis pin with head relative position by the action of control circuit control power on/off in the control circuit, belong to the prior art category.
In the aqueduct of described heat storage water tank water circulating pump is set, described water circulating pump is arranged on the inside of heat storage water tank.Water circulating pump can carry out auxiliary circulation to the water between heat storage water tank and the solar thermal collector.Water circulating pump is arranged on heat storage water tank inside, can save the space, does not influence the attractive in appearance of profile.

Claims (4)

1. an automatic tracking type solar heat collector is characterized in that: the outdoor tracking heat collector that is provided with, the indoor heat storage water tank that is provided with; Described tracking heat collector comprises installing rack, solar thermal collector, light sensor, upset driving mechanism and control circuit; Described solar thermal collector two ends are provided with semiaxis and following semiaxis, and described solar thermal collector and described installing rack rotate to be installed; Described upset driving mechanism comprises drive motors and transmission mechanism; Described upset driving mechanism is connected with described solar thermal collector power; Described heat storage water tank is communicated with by aqueduct with described solar thermal collector.
2. automatic tracking type solar heat collector according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described drive motors is a stepper motor.
3. automatic tracking type solar heat collector according to claim 2 is characterized in that: on the described tracking heat collector lockable mechanism is set, described lockable mechanism comprises electromagnetism dead bolt and lock plate.
4. automatic tracking type solar heat collector according to claim 3 is characterized in that: in the aqueduct of described heat storage water tank water circulating pump is set.
CN2011100440915A 2011-02-24 2011-02-24 Automatic tracking type solar energy heat collecting device Active CN102095261B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011100440915A CN102095261B (en) 2011-02-24 2011-02-24 Automatic tracking type solar energy heat collecting device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011100440915A CN102095261B (en) 2011-02-24 2011-02-24 Automatic tracking type solar energy heat collecting device

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CN102095261B CN102095261B (en) 2012-12-05

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105442774A (en) * 2015-12-11 2016-03-30 王爱贞 Energy-saving house
CN105696898A (en) * 2016-03-22 2016-06-22 苏州市职业大学 Solar self-adaptation window control device
CN109724147A (en) * 2019-01-10 2019-05-07 安徽理工大学 One kind is designed based on solar energy and electricity auxiliary heating domestic heating system

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2264345Y (en) * 1996-05-31 1997-10-08 廖启渭 Solar heat collecting plate angle automatic regulating device
CN101201206A (en) * 2006-12-15 2008-06-18 陈奋策 Rotary type flat solar water heater and rotary type solar-electrical energy conversion device
CN201081444Y (en) * 2007-09-06 2008-07-02 俞忠良 Gyro type gimbal frame for solar heat collector and solar cell panel
CN201429240Y (en) * 2009-06-24 2010-03-24 廖梦娜 Sunshine automatic tracking device

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2264345Y (en) * 1996-05-31 1997-10-08 廖启渭 Solar heat collecting plate angle automatic regulating device
CN101201206A (en) * 2006-12-15 2008-06-18 陈奋策 Rotary type flat solar water heater and rotary type solar-electrical energy conversion device
CN201081444Y (en) * 2007-09-06 2008-07-02 俞忠良 Gyro type gimbal frame for solar heat collector and solar cell panel
CN201429240Y (en) * 2009-06-24 2010-03-24 廖梦娜 Sunshine automatic tracking device

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105442774A (en) * 2015-12-11 2016-03-30 王爱贞 Energy-saving house
CN105442774B (en) * 2015-12-11 2017-10-13 王爱贞 A kind of energy-saving house
CN105696898A (en) * 2016-03-22 2016-06-22 苏州市职业大学 Solar self-adaptation window control device
CN109724147A (en) * 2019-01-10 2019-05-07 安徽理工大学 One kind is designed based on solar energy and electricity auxiliary heating domestic heating system

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Effective date of registration: 20171226

Address after: On the east side of the north, Hankanglu Pei Road Peixian Economic Development Zone, Jiangsu city of Xuzhou province 221600

Patentee after: Xuzhou Jiayu Energy Technology Co. Ltd.

Address before: 101301 Beijing city Shunyi District Niulanshan town Niu Fu Road No. 1

Patentee before: Beijing JIAJU Door, Window and Curtain Wall Joint-Stock Co., Ltd.

TR01 Transfer of patent right