CN102094683A - Battery heat pipe - Google Patents

Battery heat pipe Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102094683A
CN102094683A CN2010105792564A CN201010579256A CN102094683A CN 102094683 A CN102094683 A CN 102094683A CN 2010105792564 A CN2010105792564 A CN 2010105792564A CN 201010579256 A CN201010579256 A CN 201010579256A CN 102094683 A CN102094683 A CN 102094683A
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China
Prior art keywords
turbine
disk
heat pipe
disc
siphon
Prior art date
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CN2010105792564A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
叶莉
姚君磊
梁林
焦炜琦
申耀阳
赵锦杰
郭新贤
陈慧
韩东
顾昂
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南京航空航天大学
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Priority to CN2010105792564A priority Critical patent/CN102094683A/en
Publication of CN102094683A publication Critical patent/CN102094683A/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a heat pipe battery which belongs to the technical field of heat energy utilization. The heat pipe battery provided by the invention comprises a gravity heat pipe, a disk turbomachine and a motor, wherein the disk turbomachine (5) and the motor (8) are horizontally installed in the heat insulating section cavity (7) of the heat pipe through a bracket (10); a disk turbomachine rotor (11) is connected with a generator (8); a siphon (14) is installed in the evaporating section cavity (4) of the gravity heat pipe; and the outlet of the siphon (14) is hermetically connected with the steam inlet channel (13) of the disk turbomachine (5). The heat pipe battery provided by the invention has the advantages of energy conservation, high efficiency and environmental friendliness.

Description

热管电池 Battery heat pipe

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种热管电池,属于热能利用技术领域。 [0001] The present invention relates to a heat pipe battery, belongs to the technical field of energy use.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 随着对节能技术的日益重视和推进,热能的利用作为一个主要的节能方向主要进行研究了。 [0002] The main research as a major energy-saving direction with increasing emphasis on energy-saving technologies and promote the use of thermal energy. 对于热能的利用已经有了一部分的研究。 For part of the study has been utilizing thermal energy. 热管作为一个节能高效的设备一直应用于各种领域。 As a heat pipe energy efficient equipment has been applied to various fields. 对于热管的开发利用,已经到了一个非常成熟的阶段。 For the development and utilization of the heat pipe, we have reached a very advanced stage. 然而现有技术中对热管的研究主要集中在调节温度分布、余热回收等方面。 However, the prior art heat pipe research focused on the regulation of the temperature distribution, waste heat recovery and the like. 至今为止,仍没有人将热管与盘式透平机和发电机结合在一起,并综合利用进行发电。 So far, still no one will heat pipes combined with disc turbine and generator together and utilization for power generation.

[0003] 发明内容: [0003] SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION:

本发明的目的在于提供一种节能高效环保的将热能转化为电能的热管电池。 Object of the present invention is to provide an energy-efficient and environmentally friendly thermal energy into electrical energy in the battery heat pipe.

[0004] 一种热管电池,其特征在于:包括重力热管、盘式透平机、发电机;其中重力热管从上而下依次包括冷凝段腔室、绝热段腔室、蒸发段腔室;其中冷凝段腔室外壁均勻分布着肋片;其中盘式透平机包括安装于盘式透平机壳体内的盘式透平机转子,安装于盘式透平机壳体下端的盘式透平机进汽流量控制阀,盘式透平机壳体下部还设有与盘式透平机进汽流量控制阀相连的蒸汽进口管道,盘式透平机壳体上端设置有盘式透平出口管道;其中盘式透平机和发电机通过支架水平安装于热管的绝热段腔室内;且盘式透平机转子与发电机相连;上述重力热管的蒸发段腔室里面装有虹吸管并且充满工作介质;上述虹吸管的出口与盘式透平机的蒸汽进口通道密封连接。 [0004] A heat pipe battery comprising: a thermosyphon, a disk turbine generator; wherein thermosyphon comprising sequentially from the condensing section and the lower chamber, the adiabatic section of the chamber, the evaporator section of the chamber; wherein uniform distribution chamber outer wall of the condensing section fins; wherein the turbine disc comprising a disc mounted on the turbine rotor disc of the turbine housing body, a disk attached to the lower end of the turbine disc turbine housing machine inlet steam flow control valve, the lower portion of the turbine disc is also provided with the disc housing turbine inlet steam flow rate control valve connected to the steam inlet pipe, the turbine disk is provided with a disk turbine housing upper outlet pipe; wherein a disc turbine and the generator is attached to the horizontal bracket through the adiabatic section of the heat pipe chamber; and a disc connected to turbine rotor of the generator; chamber above the evaporator section of the thermosyphon and which is equipped with a siphon filled with hydraulic medium; and the siphon tube outlet steam inlet channel of the turbine disc sealed connection.

[0005] 对于本发明的核心部分-盘式透平,是一项新的技术,效率高达95%以上。 [0005] For the core of the present invention - a turbine disc, it is a new technology, up to 95% efficiency. 现阶段我国对于盘式透平的研究和应用相对比较少。 Relatively small at this stage of the study and application of turbine disc. 本发明基于对热能的利用,将高效率的换热设备热管与盘式透平结合起来,从而研究发明了热管电池。 The present invention is based on the utilization of thermal energy, the efficiency of heat transfer equipment the heat pipe and the turbine disc combine to study battery heat pipe invention. 热管电池主要原理是将热管、盘式透平和电机相结合。 The main principle of the heat pipe is to combine the battery heat pipe, the turbine disc and the motor. 热管电池的主要结构包括:一个可以使主要工作介质流动并进行蒸发冷凝的热管、一个盘式透平,一个发电机。 The main structure of the heat pipes cell comprising: a working medium can flow between the main and evaporated condensation heat pipe, a disc turbine, a generator. 在运行的过程中,外界的热量通过外壁向蒸发段腔室供给热能,工作介质在蒸发段腔室内被加热,当温度达到某一个临界点时工作介质发生相变,变为气体。 During operation, the external supply of heat through the outer wall to the evaporator section of the heat chamber, the working medium is heated in the evaporator section within the chamber, working medium occurs when the temperature reaches a certain critical point of phase transition to a gas. 气体介质流经虹吸管的通道向上流动,进入蒸汽进口管道和透平机进气阀门进入盘式透平机,推动盘式透平的叶片转动,成功地将热能转化为机械能。 The gaseous medium flowing through the channel of the siphon flows upward into the steam turbine inlet conduit and the inlet valve into the turbine disc, a disc turbine blade rotatably driven, successful thermal energy into mechanical energy. 盘式透平机带动发电机主轴转动,电机将机械能转化为电能,最终通过输电线向外输出。 Disc turbine driven generator shaft is rotated, the motor converts mechanical energy into electrical energy, the final output outward through the power line.

[0006] 盘式透平机水平安置在热管的绝热段腔室,并与电机主轴相连接。 [0006] The horizontal disc turbine chamber disposed in the adiabatic section of the heat pipe, and is connected to the motor shaft. 水平安置的透平机可以让全部的蒸汽以最大速度和最少的损失进入盘式透平机。 Horizontal placement of turbines can make all of the steam at the maximum speed and minimum loss into the turbine disc. 盘式透平机具有很高的转化效率,该结构大大提高了整体的能量转换效率。 Turbine disc having a high conversion efficiency, this structure greatly improving the overall energy conversion efficiency. 盘式透平机的乏汽出口向上安置,不影响该重力热管里面的工质的循环。 Waste steam outlet is disposed upwardly of the turbine disc, does not affect the working medium inside the thermosyphon loop. 使效率得到了提高。 So that efficiency is improved.

[0007] 上述发电机通过耐高温封装壳密封。 [0007] The high temperature generator is sealed by the package housing. 上述发电机通过耐高温封装壳封装可以保护发电机不受高温蒸汽冲击,使发电机的性能不受影响。 By encapsulating the generator package and high temperature generator may be protected from the impact of high-temperature steam, the generator performance is not affected.

[0008] 虹吸管通道是收缩喷管形状,虹吸管与盘式透平的蒸汽进口通道连接位于虹吸管的喉道处。 [0008] The siphon passage contraction nozzle shape, and siphon disk steam turbine inlet passage is connected is located at the throat of a siphon. 本发明热管电池中的虹吸管通道是一个收缩喷管形状的通道,渐缩的虹吸管喉道处与盘式透平机的蒸汽进口管道相连接。 The heat pipe of the present invention, the battery is a siphon passage channel shaped nozzle contraction, a steam inlet duct tapering throats siphon and is connected to the turbine disk. 蒸汽在虹吸管中由下而上速度越来越大,最终在喉道处速度达到最大值。 Steam siphon bottom increasing speed, the speed finally reaches a maximum at the throat. 盘式透平的蒸汽进口通道在喉道处与虹吸管相连接可以使蒸汽以最大的速度进入盘式透平机,从而效率达到最高。 Disc steam turbine inlet passage and the throat may be connected to the steam siphon maximum speed into the turbine disc to the highest efficiency.

[0009] 本发明设计一种可以回收利用热能、节约能源的热管电池,属于热能领域。 [0009] The present invention provides a design can be recovered using thermal energy, energy saving battery heat pipe, belonging to the field of thermal energy. 热管电池可以有效的利用热能,并将其成功的转化为电能,最终输出电能。 The heat pipe can efficiently use the battery energy, and electrical energy conversion successful, the final output power. 本发明可以有效的回收热量,提供电能,特别适合余热回收或者微电子中的电能的供应。 The present invention can effectively recover heat to provide power, especially for waste heat recovery or supply of electrical energy in microelectronics. 作为电池本发明非常的环保,没有任何的污染,能持久供电。 As a battery of the invention is very environmentally friendly, without any contamination, lasting power.

[0010] 高效率的热管结合新型的盘式透平,能持久供电,无污染,节能环保。 [0010] high efficiency heat pipe joining new disc turbine, the power supply can be sustained, no pollution, energy saving. 连续工作性强,寿命持久。 Continuous work and strong, long service life. 该发明可以应用于能源、化工、微电子、环保领域。 The invention can be used in energy, chemicals, micro-electronics, environmental protection.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0011] 图1是热管电池的主视图; 图2是热管电池的流程图; [0011] FIG. 1 is a front view of a heat pipe cell; FIG. 2 is a flowchart of a heat pipe of the battery;

图3是热管电池的绝热段局部视图; Figure 3 is a section of the heat pipe adiabatic partial view of the battery;

图中标号名称:1、电源输出线,2、外壁,3、翅片,4、冷凝腔室,5、盘式透平机,6、盘式透平出口管道,7、绝热段腔室,8、发电机,9、封装壳,10、支架,11、盘式透平机转子,12、盘式透平机进汽流量控制阀,13、蒸汽进口管道,14、虹吸管,15、工作介质,16、蒸发段腔室。 FIG label name: 1, the power output line 2, the outer wall 3, the fins 4, the condensation chamber, 5, turbine disc, 6, a disk turbine outlet conduit 7, the adiabatic section of the chamber, 8, the generator 9, the package housing 10, the bracket 11, the turbine rotor disk 12, a disk turbine inlet steam flow control valve 13, a steam inlet pipe 14, a siphon 15, the working medium , 16, evaporation section chamber.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0012] 参照附图,本发明提供一种热管电池,其中包括热管,盘式透平5,发电机8。 [0012] Referring to the drawings, the present invention provides a heat pipe battery, which comprises a heat pipe, the turbine disk 5, the generator 8. 热管分为三个腔室:蒸发段腔室16,绝热段腔室7,冷凝段腔室4,盘式透平和发电机安装在绝热段腔室呢。 The heat pipe is divided into three chambers: Evaporator chamber 16, adiabatic section of the chamber 7, segment condensation chamber 4, a disk turbine and a generator mounted in the adiabatic section of the chamber it. 图示实例中热管为重力热管,蒸发腔室16内的工作介质15依靠自身的重力完成循环,虹吸管通道14是渐缩喷管,工作介质15在蒸发腔室内16受热蒸发为气体,气体通过虹吸管道14向上加速流动,当到达虹吸管道14的喉道的时候蒸汽流速达到最大。 The illustrated example the heat pipe is the gravitational heat pipe, the working medium in the evaporation chamber 1615 on its own gravity to complete the cycle, the siphon passageway 14 is tapered nozzle, the working medium 15 is evaporated to a 16 to heat the evaporation chamber gas, the gas through the siphon acceleration passage 14 flows upward, when reaching the siphon pipe 14 of the throat of the maximum steam flow rate. 虹吸管通道14喉道部分与蒸汽进口管道13通过法兰螺栓相连接,由图2可看出,气体通过蒸汽进口管道13和盘式透平机进气阀12,进入盘式透平机5,推动盘式透平机5的叶片做功,带动透平机转子11转动,透平机5成功地将热能转化为机械能。 A siphon channel 14 and the throat portion 13 is connected to the steam inlet conduit through the flange bolts can be seen from Figure 2, the gas inlet conduit 13 through a steam turbine and the intake valve disc 12, into the turbine disc 5, pushing disc turbine blades 5 work to drive the turbine rotor 11 rotates, the turbine 5 successfully thermal energy into mechanical energy. 与盘式透平机5相连的发电机8在透平机转子11的带动下转动,将机械能转化为电能,最终电能通过电源输出线1 向外输出。 5 and disk turbine generator 8 connected to the turbine rotatably driven by the rotor 11, the mechanical energy into electrical energy, a power output outward through the final power output line. 由图3可以看出,在热管壁两侧打孔,安装刚性支架10,把盘式透平机和电机固定水平安装在绝热段腔室内。 As can be seen from Figure 3, the heat pipe wall on both sides of the punch, the rigid mounting bracket 10, the turbine disk motor fixed level and the adiabatic section of the chamber is mounted. 盘式透平机转子11和电机主轴相连。 And a turbine rotor disk 11 is connected to the motor spindle. 电机上引出的电源输出线1沿管壁向上伸出热管顶部向外供应电能。 Power output line drawn on the motor 1 along the wall up to the top of the heat pipe projecting outwardly power supply. 整个热管是密封性能良好,传热性能高的重力热管,流体在受热段吸收到的热量能够迅速高效的通过透平机和电机的转化而变成热能,向外输出。 A heat pipe is good overall sealing performance, high heat transfer performance of the thermosyphon, the heated fluid to the heat absorbing section can be quickly and efficiently converted by the turbine and the motor becomes thermal energy output externally. 只要在受热段有源源不断的热能输入,热管电池就能持续的供电,所以电池具有很好的供电持久性。 As long as there is a steady stream of thermal energy input, the heat pipe can be continuous battery powered heating section, the battery power supply has a good durability.

Claims (3)

1. 一种热管电池,其特征在于:包括重力热管、盘式透平机、发电机;其中重力热管从上而下依次包括冷凝段腔室(4)、绝热段腔室(8)、蒸发段腔室(16); 其中冷凝段腔室(4)外壁面均勻分布着肋片(3);其中盘式透平机(5)包括安装于盘式透平机壳体内的盘式透平机转子(11),安装于盘式透平机壳体下端的盘式透平机进汽流量控制阀(12),盘式透平机壳体下部还设有与盘式透平机进汽流量控制阀(12)相连的蒸汽进口管道(13),盘式透平机壳体上端设置有盘式透平出口管道(6);其中盘式透平机(5)和发电机(8)通过支架(10)水平安装于热管的绝热段腔室(7)内; 且盘式透平机转子(11)与发电机(8 )相连;上述重力热管的蒸发段腔室(16)里面装有虹吸管(14)并且充满工作介质(15);上述虹吸管(14)的出口与盘式透平机(5)的蒸汽进口通道(13)密封连接 1. A heat pipe battery comprising: a thermosyphon, a disk turbine generator; wherein thermosyphon comprising sequentially from the condensing section and the lower chamber (4), an adiabatic section of the chamber (8), and evaporated the chamber section (16); wherein the condensation section of the chamber (4) an outer wall surface of evenly distributed ribs (3); wherein the turbine disk (5) comprises a disc attached to the turbine disk turbine housing body rotor (11), the turbine housing is attached to the lower end of the disc a disc turbine inlet steam flow control valve (12), a lower disc also provided with the turbine casing inlet steam turbine disc the flow control valve (12) a steam inlet conduit (13) is connected, a disk turbine housing is provided with a disk turbine upper outlet pipe (6); wherein the turbine disk (5) and a generator (8) horizontal by a bracket (10) attached to the inner (7) an adiabatic section of the heat pipe chamber; and a turbine rotor disk (11) and a generator (8) is connected; evaporation stage chamber (16) installed inside the thermosyphon with a siphon (14) and filled with working medium (15); and the siphon (14) with the outlet of the turbine disk (5) of the steam inlet channel (13) sealingly connected
2.根据权利要求1所述的热管电池,其特征在于:上述发电机(8)通过耐高温封装壳(9)密封。 2. The heat pipe battery according to claim 1, wherein: said generator (8) sealed by a high temperature encapsulation shell (9).
3.根据权利要求1所述的热管电池,其特征在于:虹吸管通道(14)是收缩喷管形状,虹吸管(14)与盘式透平(5)的蒸汽进口通道(13)连接位于虹吸管(14)的喉道处。 The heat pipe according to claim 1 of the battery, wherein: the siphon channel (14) is a contracted shape of the nozzle, the siphon (14) and the turbine disc (5) of the steam inlet channel (13) located in the siphon ( 14) at the throat.
CN2010105792564A 2010-12-09 2010-12-09 Battery heat pipe CN102094683A (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU705236A1 (en) * 1978-06-27 1979-12-25 Харьковское Высшее Военное Командное Училище Хввку Им. Маршала Советского Союза Н.И.Крылова Gravity heat pipe
CN1517663A (en) * 2003-01-21 2004-08-04 三菱电机株式会社 Airlift pump type heat transport equipment
CN101267014A (en) * 2007-03-12 2008-09-17 五邑大学 A temperature difference semiconductor module with cooling and heating and temperature difference power generation function
CN101832673A (en) * 2010-01-27 2010-09-15 龚智勇 Method and device for conducting and recycling subterranean heat with production casings
CN201608218U (en) * 2010-01-11 2010-10-13 深圳日海通讯技术股份有限公司 An earth buried battery cabinet

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU705236A1 (en) * 1978-06-27 1979-12-25 Харьковское Высшее Военное Командное Училище Хввку Им. Маршала Советского Союза Н.И.Крылова Gravity heat pipe
CN1517663A (en) * 2003-01-21 2004-08-04 三菱电机株式会社 Airlift pump type heat transport equipment
CN101267014A (en) * 2007-03-12 2008-09-17 五邑大学 A temperature difference semiconductor module with cooling and heating and temperature difference power generation function
CN201608218U (en) * 2010-01-11 2010-10-13 深圳日海通讯技术股份有限公司 An earth buried battery cabinet
CN101832673A (en) * 2010-01-27 2010-09-15 龚智勇 Method and device for conducting and recycling subterranean heat with production casings

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