CN102093020B - Special light-weight fireproof waterproof thermal-insulation slurry for polyurethane (PU) - Google Patents

Special light-weight fireproof waterproof thermal-insulation slurry for polyurethane (PU) Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102093020B
CN102093020B CN2010105719056A CN201010571905A CN102093020B CN 102093020 B CN102093020 B CN 102093020B CN 2010105719056 A CN2010105719056 A CN 2010105719056A CN 201010571905 A CN201010571905 A CN 201010571905A CN 102093020 B CN102093020 B CN 102093020B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cement
thermal
insulation
slurry
urethane
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CN2010105719056A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102093020A (en
Inventor
张志卿
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吉林省志惠防腐保温工程有限公司
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Priority to CN2010105719056A priority Critical patent/CN102093020B/en
Publication of CN102093020A publication Critical patent/CN102093020A/en
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Publication of CN102093020B publication Critical patent/CN102093020B/en

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/02Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing hydraulic cements other than calcium sulfates
    • C04B28/06Aluminous cements
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2103/00Function or property of ingredients for mortars, concrete or artificial stone
    • C04B2103/30Water reducers, plasticisers, air-entrainers, flow improvers
    • C04B2103/304Air-entrainers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/91Use of waste materials as fillers for mortars or concrete

Abstract

The invention relates to a building walling thermal-insulation finishing material, particularly a special light-weight fireproof waterproof thermal-insulation slurry for polyurethane (PU), which can be used as a thermal-insulation waterproof fireproof finishing coat for PU external walls. The special light-weight fireproof waterproof thermal-insulation slurry for PU is prepared from modified perlite, aluminate cement, fly ash, cellulose ether, hydrophobing agent, air entraining agent, dispersible gelatine powder, polypropylene anti-cracking fibers, cement-based permeable crystals and the like. Compared with the traditional EPS (expandable polystyrene) thermal-insulation board and polyphenyl particle mortar, the slurry provided by the invention has greatly reduced moisture absorptivity and higher adhesive force, can not crack or deform, and has the advantages of high anti-seepage capacity, simple construction procedure, and better effects of heat shielding, thermal insulation, water resistance and fire resistance.

Description

The waterproof thermal-insulated slurry of the special-purpose light fire-proof of urethane
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of construction wall heat insulation facing material, promptly the waterproof thermal-insulated slurry of the special-purpose light fire-proof of urethane is used to do urethane (PU) exterior wall heat preservation water proof fireproof decorative top.
Background technology
In the prior art, heat insulating (thermal insulation) performance of raising buildings is the important channel of save energy, raising buildings functions of use.It is reported, 30%-40% of the human energy consumption of building energy consumption account, and wherein the overwhelming majority is used for heating and air-conditioning, thereby building energy conservation comes into one's own day by day.Generally all be to choose in the engineering according to the characteristics of the residing climatic province of building and the specific requirement in the engineering.Existing domestic wall thermal insulating lagging material mainly contains three types: 1, adopt polystyrene foam plate, add the system that strongthener, interfacial agents are formed, shortcoming is that construction is complicated, the yielding cracking of material.2, granular polystyrene mortar, construction is simple, and shortcoming is that cohesive strength is poor, and water-absorbent is high, seepage easy to crack.And above-mentioned system is because the function restriction of material component only reaches heat insulation effect through the heat transfer coefficient that reduces material; And it is relatively poor to the barriering effect of heat convection current, solar irradiation; Therefore existing mast body heat preserving and insulating material heat-insulating property is bad; The anti-cracking waterproof ability is also poor, and fire resistance is poorer, can not satisfy building energy conservation and antiseep and fp new demand.3, urethane (PU) exterior-wall heat insulation is as a novel product, and because of its good thermal-insulating waterproof effect, the very fast more building that lets goes to use him, and this just explains that he is an insulation and the extraordinary novel product of waterproof.Adopt urethane (PU) insulation,, just progressively become new building energy conservation measure because of advantages such as its easy to operate and insulation effect are reliable.Certainly the thermal-insulating waterproof of urethane (PU) is effective also can not be that single one deck urethane (PU) is accomplished, it also needs several procedures and assists it to reach thermal-insulating waterproof.Layers of material is of a great variety, and is good and bad different.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is provides a kind of and the supporting special use of polyurethane insulation coating to above-mentioned deficiency, the waterproof thermal-insulated slurry of the special-purpose light fire-proof of the better urethane of result of use.
Technical solution of the present invention is: the waterproof thermal-insulated slurry of the special-purpose light fire-proof of urethane is made up of the raw material of following mass percent: modification perlite 40% ~ 50%, aluminate cement 30% ~ 35%, flyash 15% ~ 20%; Ether of cellulose 1% ~ 3%; Hydrophobizing agent 0.5% ~ 1%, air entrapment agent 1% ~ 3% can disperse rubber powder 1% ~ 1.5%; Vestolen PP 7052 anti-crack fiber 0.5% ~ 1%, cement-base infiltration crystallization 0.5% ~ 1%.This slurry adds water when using and stirs in right amount, and the amount of being routinely added to is the 20%-30% (can be adjustable according to the construction needs) of material, adopts the spraying method construction.
Wherein the modification perlite is meant and adds a certain amount of polynite in process of production, and it is hollow that its expansion is become, i.e. pearlstone, and particle diameter is 20-40mm, plays insulation, anti-fire action, the market is on sale, also can adopt closed perlite.Aluminate cement has very strong anti-sulphates corrosive effect, can effectively eliminate the freeze cycle of the mortar accumulation of salt in the surface soil, weathering cold district.Generate the density of certain gelinite and ettringite raising insulation behind the pulverized burned coal ash hydration.Ether of cellulose improves anti-slipping property and thickening power, can be hydroxyl SecondYlmethyl Mierocrystalline cellulose (HEMC), Vltra tears (HPMC) etc.Hydrophobizing agent can make mortar have stable hydrophobic nature, reduces the mortar cracking phenomena.Air entrapment agent is meant starch ethers, sulfonated alkylbenzene, sodium lauryl sulphate, sodium laurylsulfonate etc.Air entrapment agent impels the introducing of the trickle and stable air filled cavity of heat preservation slurry, and bubble is evenly distributed, and it is impervious to improve insulation, and high insulating effect alleviates the weight of aluminate cement fully, increases volume, makes heat insulation effect reach best.It is bonding to disperse rubber powder to play finish coat, improves the elasticity and the snappiness of material, improves the rigidity of cement, improves splitting resistance, improves cohesiveness, has solved the influence of temperature difference deformation and freeze thawing deformation.The Vestolen PP 7052 anti-crack fiber is claimed Vestolen PP 7052 technical fiber, polypropylene fibre, defend and split fibre, PP fiber, building fiber again; Be to be raw material with Vestolen PP 7052 and extraordinary high-strength and high-modulus component, the engineering of on custom-designed special fibre production line, processing is used staple fibre, and product can significantly improve concrete fragility; The continuity and the homogeneity that add the strength concrete material medium; And effectively reduce concrete plastic cracking, strengthen the tension degree, cracking resistance, toughness reinforcing, impervious; Can be widely used in concrete anti-crack and anti-seepage engineering, the market is on sale.Cement-base infiltration crystallization is claimed cement-base infiltration crystallization masterbatch, cement based penetration crystallization type water proofing paint again.It mixes in the cement based coating; Can infiltrate the complicated and confused shape xln of the inner formation of basic unit with water; Defectives such as the pore of plugging cement basic unit and crackle, thus make the impervious pressure of basic units such as lean concrete grout, sand-cement slurry and concrete strengthen 200 ~ 500 times, to reach lasting waterproof effect; And prolong its work-ing life, can not reduce intensity again simultaneously.Have the impervious function of secondary, have unique penetrant crystalline mechanism, good impermeability is arranged, have " permanent water-resistant " effective.Product market (on sale) on sale like the farsighted water-proof material in Shanghai ltd, Yancheng rain occasion building material ltd.
Advantage of the present invention is: 1, this slurry is special-purpose as urethane (PU) exterior wall heat preservation water proof fireproof decorative top.Decline to a great extent than traditional EPS warming plate and granular polystyrene mortar water absorbability, heat insulation, insulation, waterproof, flameproof effect are better, and sticking power improves, can craze and transfiguration, and trust is strong; And can heat radiation be fallen, can satisfy the energy-conservation requirement of modern architecture, easy construction simultaneously, popularizing application prospect is wide.2, the present invention has added Vestolen PP 7052 anti-crack fiber and cement-base infiltration crystallization especially on composition, and anti-the seeing through property of heat insulation system is risen than traditional EPS warming plate and granular polystyrene mortar significantly, has good sticking power, has increased safe reliability.3, the many genus of composition that what is more important of the present invention adopted do not fire composition, can reach fire protection requirement.Traditional EPS warming plate and granular polystyrene mortar can only only play the thermal-insulating and anti-cracking effect; Do not reach fire protection requirement; The present invention has become common one deck finish coat that one deck promptly is incubated and the waterproof sound insulation, the more important thing is and can play the fp effect, this be in the past screed-coat all institute is inaccessible.Working procedure was simple when 4, the present invention used, and required lower to the workmen.
To combine embodiment that embodiment of the present invention is described in further detail below.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
The waterproof thermal-insulated slurry of the special-purpose light fire-proof of urethane: take by weighing modification perlite 45kg, aluminate cement 32kg, flyash 16kg; Ether of cellulose 1.5kg, hydrophobizing agent 0.8kg can disperse rubber powder 1.2kg; Vestolen PP 7052 anti-crack fiber 1kg, cement-base infiltration crystallization 1kg, mixing and stirring; The stirring of adding suitable quantity of water adds the 1.5kg air entrapment agent and stirs after 15 minutes; Behind the restir 15 minutes, can use, should with interior the waterproof thermal-insulated slurry of the special-purpose light fire-proof of urethane (PU) after the stirring of back be finished using at 4 hours.
Embodiment 2
The waterproof thermal-insulated slurry of the special-purpose light fire-proof of urethane: take by weighing closed perlite 43kg, aluminate cement 33kg, flyash 17kg; Ether of cellulose 1.4kg, hydrophobizing agent 0.9kg can disperse rubber powder 1.4kg; Vestolen PP 7052 anti-crack fiber 0.8kg, cement-base infiltration crystallization 1kg, mixing and stirring; The stirring of adding suitable quantity of water adds the 1.5kg air entrapment agent and stirs after 15 minutes; Behind the restir 15 minutes, can use, should with interior the waterproof thermal-insulated slurry of the special-purpose light fire-proof of urethane (PU) after the stirring of back be finished using at 4 hours.
Embodiment 3
The waterproof thermal-insulated slurry of the special-purpose light fire-proof of urethane: take by weighing modification perlite 41kg, aluminate cement 33kg, flyash 18kg; Ether of cellulose 1.3kg, hydrophobizing agent 0.9kg can disperse rubber powder 1.3kg; Vestolen PP 7052 anti-crack fiber 1.5kg, cement-base infiltration crystallization 1.8kg, mixing and stirring; The stirring of adding suitable quantity of water adds the 1.2kg air entrapment agent and stirs after 15 minutes; Behind the restir 15 minutes, can use, should with interior the waterproof thermal-insulated slurry of the special-purpose light fire-proof of urethane (PU) after the stirring of back be finished using at 4 hours.
The basic mechanical design feature index is (detection of Jilin Province's construction engineering quality inspection center) as follows:
Technological project Technical performance index Parameter and standard
Combustionproperty The A1 level is not fired GB 8624-2006
Do apparent density kg/m 3 180-250 JC 158-2004
Thermal conductivity [W/ (m.k)] ≦0.059 GB/T10294-2008
Ultimate compression strength (mpa) ≧200 JG 158-2004
Hydrophobic rate (%) ≧98% GB/T10303-2001

Claims (5)

1. the waterproof thermal-insulated slurry of the special-purpose light fire-proof of urethane is characterized in that being made up of the raw material of following mass percent: modification perlite 40% ~ 50%, aluminate cement 30% ~ 35%; Flyash 15% ~ 20%, ether of cellulose 1% ~ 3%, hydrophobizing agent 0.5% ~ 1%; Air entrapment agent 1% ~ 3%; Can disperse rubber powder 1% ~ 1.5%, Vestolen PP 7052 anti-crack fiber 0.5% ~ 1%, cement-base infiltration crystallization 0.5% ~ 1%; Described cement-base infiltration crystallization is meant cement-base infiltration crystallization masterbatch or cement based penetration crystallization type water proofing paint.
2, according to the waterproof thermal-insulated slurry of the special-purpose light fire-proof of the described urethane of claim 1, it is characterized in that ether of cellulose is a hydroxyl SecondYlmethyl Mierocrystalline cellulose or Vltra tears.
3, according to the waterproof thermal-insulated slurry of the special-purpose light fire-proof of the described urethane of claim 1, it is characterized in that air entrapment agent is meant starch ethers, sulfonated alkylbenzene, sodium lauryl sulphate or sodium laurylsulfonate.
4, according to the waterproof thermal-insulated slurry of the special-purpose light fire-proof of the described urethane of claim 1, it is characterized in that modification perlite 45%, aluminate cement 32%; Flyash 16%, ether of cellulose 1.5%, hydrophobizing agent 0.8%; Air entrapment agent 1.5%; Can disperse rubber powder 1.2%, Vestolen PP 7052 anti-crack fiber 1%, cement-base infiltration crystallization 1%.
5, according to the waterproof thermal-insulated slurry of the special-purpose light fire-proof of the described urethane of claim 1, it is characterized in that modification perlite 43%, aluminate cement 33%; Flyash 17%, ether of cellulose 1.4%, hydrophobizing agent 0.9%; Air entrapment agent 1.5%; Can disperse rubber powder 1.4%, Vestolen PP 7052 anti-crack fiber 0.8%, cement-base infiltration crystallization 1%.
CN2010105719056A 2010-12-03 2010-12-03 Special light-weight fireproof waterproof thermal-insulation slurry for polyurethane (PU) CN102093020B (en)

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Families Citing this family (10)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102359237B (en) * 2011-08-30 2013-07-17 信阳金固建筑节能保温工程有限公司 Inorganic vitrified micro bubble external heat-insulating system for outer wall
CN102587607B (en) * 2012-01-09 2013-12-25 武汉理工大学 Fireproof and flame-retarding type composite heat-insulation decorating plate for outer wall and preparation method of fireproof and flame-retarding type composite heat-insulation decorating plate
CN103159451A (en) * 2013-03-04 2013-06-19 江苏康绿尔节能科技有限公司 Preparation method of fireproof flame retardation warming plate used for exterior wall of building
FR3004177B1 (en) * 2013-04-04 2015-11-20 Saint Gobain Weber INSULATING MORTAR COMPOSITION
CN103321375B (en) * 2013-06-14 2015-07-22 安徽省利德节能科技有限公司 Composite inorganic thermal-insulation decoration plate and manufacturing method thereof
CN103803873B (en) * 2013-12-20 2016-05-18 芜湖乐锐思信息咨询有限公司 Light wear-resistant composite mortar
CN103951325B (en) * 2014-04-09 2016-02-03 谭志祥 A level fireproof environmental heat-insulating heat-preserving material
FR3050203A1 (en) * 2016-04-13 2017-10-20 Saint-Gobain Weber STRONG ALLOY MORTAR COMPOSITION AND THERMAL INSULATION
CN106396526B (en) * 2016-09-09 2018-08-21 黄骅市闽源建材科技有限公司 A kind of fireproof heated board and its preparation process
CN107117910A (en) * 2017-07-05 2017-09-01 合肥片美环保科技有限公司 A kind of building water-proof material and preparation method thereof

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