CN102092816A - Oil slick recovery device - Google Patents

Oil slick recovery device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102092816A
CN102092816A CN 201110007905 CN201110007905A CN102092816A CN 102092816 A CN102092816 A CN 102092816A CN 201110007905 CN201110007905 CN 201110007905 CN 201110007905 A CN201110007905 A CN 201110007905A CN 102092816 A CN102092816 A CN 102092816A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
floating
oil
haustorium
oil slick
muff
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Granted
Application number
CN 201110007905
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102092816B (en
Inventor
白鸿斌
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QINGHAI LAND ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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QINGHAI LAND ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201110007905A priority Critical patent/CN102092816B/en
Publication of CN102092816A publication Critical patent/CN102092816A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102092816B publication Critical patent/CN102092816B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The invention provides an oil slick recovery device, which comprises three buoys (5) and an oil slick suction device (4), wherein the three buoys (5) are fixedly connected to form a triangle by a connecting frame; the oil slick suction device (4) is connected with the three buoys (5), and has a sleeve shape; a taper reamed hole is formed at the oil slick inlet end (41) of the oil slick suction device (4); and the periphery of the taper reamed hole is outwards bent to form an r-shaped weir crest (43). When flowing to the periphery of the weir crest of the oil slick suction device, oil slick or scum can flow into the weir crest without hindrance along the edge of an r shape, and is difficult to accumulate about the weir crest; and the oil slick inlet end of the oil slick suction device adopts the taper reamed hole structure, so the external diameter of the oil slick inlet end and the oil slick is easier to rapidly and forcibly recover.

Description

Oil spill skimmer
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of oil spill skimmer.
Background technology
In field production processes such as oil, petrochemical industry, iron and steel, food, all have every day a large amount of oily(waste)waters to be discharged in various steel storage tanks, contaminated-oil basin, the settling tank at present, a large amount of oil slick is contained on the surface.Oil-collecting devices such as rope formula, cofferdam type are adopted in the recovery of oil slick mostly.When in the jar or oil sump median water level when rising to certain liquid, open the oil slick of receiving the oil pump suction surface, owing to thickness, the liquid level height of oil slick are indefinite, give to receive oil work and cause very big difficulty, receive oil work or carry out untimelyly or receive oily overlong time, received a large amount of water, cause unnecessary trouble for the work of postorder, task is heavy and uneconomical, in addition, receives oily weak effect.
Available technology adopting rope formula is received oil and fixing cofferdam type oil recovery appts.:
The rope formula is received oil and is utilized a belt oil band cycle rotation of receiving of oleophylic that floats on liquid level to pick liquid surface floating oil; Must promote liquid level when receiving oily operation and arrive in the designated area, can not receive oil when liquid level is low.Oil slick refiltered oil ability is more than 70%, and the range estimation water surface has oil film, dead oil.The complete assembly volume is big, and utility appliance is many, thereby to the requirement height of Working environment.Can not directly insert original profit treatment system, when meeting the band pressing system, can not use.The mode that spues overflow design, no lift can be sayed, need to increase lift technique in addition and could realize high-lift conveying.Utilize the receipts oil band that goes in ring to pick liquid surface floating oil, receive the works better that oil is with, oil property is had strict requirement in the fluid surface cycle rotation.Must change original device structure, utility appliance is many, and complexity is installed, and difficulty is big.Go in ring to receive oil with one and bring and pick surperficial oil slick, sewage load is little.The shortcoming that the rope formula is received oil also is, is subject to the height of liquid level; Can't receive oil winter.
Fixedly the cofferdam type oil recovery appts. it be to utilize the fixed crest of weir that liquid surface floating oil is sucked to efflux.Invalid to full-bodied oil slick.By promoting the fluid surface height, make water-oil interface be higher than crest of weir, manually play the even oily band water of pump and extract out together, receive oily effect extreme difference.Oil slick refiltered oil ability, the range estimation water surface has large-area oil film, dead oil.The complete assembly volume is bigger, also needs the artificial liquid level that promotes, to the environment requirement height.Must change original device structure, installation difficulty is big.Fixedly the shortcoming of cofferdam type oil recovery appts. also is, for the removing weak effect of scum silica frost, oily effect is received in influence.A large amount of water of receiving, it is low to receive oily effect.
In recent years, various oil spill skimmers have appearred in the production process successively, for example application number is 200920164471.0 Chinese utility model patent, a kind of emulsion oil slick absorption unit is disclosed, it is being connected and fixed three external sealing floating drums by connecting frame is triangular in shape, be positioned at the trilateral connecting frame by with affixed three web plates of trilateral connecting frame simultaneously affixed sleeve, be positioned at three built-in buoys of trilateral connecting frame, its end face opening, through hole on the bottom surface interconnects by three-limb tube, in the outlet of three-limb tube, valve is installed, the sidewall through hole of three built-in buoys is communicated with the corresponding through hole of cover tube wall by pipe connecting respectively, the telescopic two ends are being provided with the undergauge hole, collection tube and the dynamic seal of telescopic undergauge hole that the upper end is provided with funnel cooperate, the lower end and the sleeve of collection tube are solidly installed, the through hole that is provided with on collection tube matches with the telescopic inner chamber, thereby the surperficial oil slick of separation and recycle-water and the aqueous solution, and can adjust effective separation and the absorption that hoverheight realizes oil slick voluntarily with the liquid level variation.
But, in these oil spill skimmers,, but causing obstruction, build bridge at floating haustorium inlet for mink cell focus, scum silica frost, viscous crude recovery meeting for the certain effect that has that reclaims lightweight oil, good fluidity, oily effect is received in influence.Particularly in removing oil tank or in the oil sump during level fluctuation, it is undesirable to receive oily effect, in addition, and the receipts oil work in the time of can not solving temperature and be lower than the zero pour of oil.
Summary of the invention
At the problem that exists in the correlation technique, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of oil spill skimmer, to obtain the oily effect of good receipts.
For achieving the above object, the invention provides a kind of oil spill skimmer, comprise by connecting frame three fixedly connected floating drums triangular in shape, and the floating haustorium that links together with three floating drums, floating haustorium is the cover tubular, its oil slick inlet end is made as conical surface reaming, and the periphery of conical surface reaming outwards is bent to form r shape crest of weir.
Preferably, connecting frame has triangular supports, is fixed on three support bars in three bights of triangular supports, three floating drums are fixedly supported on respectively on three support bars correspondingly, wherein, each support bar has the coupling end that passes and upwards bend extension from the bottom of corresponding floating drum, three described coupling ends of three floating drums are fixed together by flange, wherein, between floating haustorium and the flange, to engage with respect to the liftable thread connecting mode of flange.
Preferably, offer internal thread on the endoporus of flange, the periphery of floating haustorium offers outside screw, and outside screw is threaded with the screw-internal thread fit formation.
Preferably, also comprise the muff that is provided with around floating haustorium, between three floating drums and floating haustorium, be fixed on the muff and the other end passes the screw rod of triangular supports by an end, and the nut that is spirally connected by the described the other end with screw rod, muff is suspended on the triangular supports, and adjustable with respect to the triangular supports height.
Preferably, muff has heating medium turnover import and export wherein.
Preferably, also comprise electric mixing device, electric mixing device has motor, by the stirring pawl of electric motor driving rotation, wherein, motor be fixed on the triangular supports and height adjustable, stir pawl and stretch between muff and the floating haustorium, to stir oil slick inlet end oil slick on every side around floating haustorium.
Preferably, also comprise the electrical control cubicles of receiving oil pump, the start and stop of control receipts oil pump, wherein, the suction port of receiving oil pump is communicated with the oil slick exit end of floating haustorium by metallic hose, on metallic hose, whether have oil slick enter the level meter that float haustorium, the output signal of electrical control cubicles response level meter starts or stops the receipts oil pump selectively if being equipped with to be used to detect.
Than prior art, beneficial effect of the present invention is:
On the one hand, because the oil slick inlet end is made as conical surface reaming, the periphery of conical surface reaming outwards is bent to form r shape crest of weir, in the time of around oil slick or scum silica frost flow to floating haustorium crest of weir, can flow in the middle of the crest of weir, be difficult for around crest of weir, piling up along " r " edge is expedite, and the oil slick inlet end of floating haustorium adopts conical surface reaming structure (in other words, floating haustorium integral body is cone " V " shape structure), thus the outside dimension of oil slick inlet end enlarged, and the easier oil slick that makes is forced recovery rapidly;
On the other hand,, can put more oil slick in a large number away, when the oil slick thinner thickness, heighten the crest of weir height, be unlikely and put a large amount of sewage away because therefore floating haustorium liftable when oil slick thickness is thicker, reduces the crest of weir height;
Again on the one hand, owing to be provided with the adjustable whipping appts of height,, can smash the dregs of fat that form around the floating haustorium, oil, toughening oil in flakes, prevent from around floating haustorium, to form and build bridge, surround the oil slick inlet end that floats haustorium by the stirring pawl of gyratory agitation device;
Another aspect, be provided with adjustable for height muff around floating haustorium, in muff, feed the thermal medium of thermal oil for example or steam, utilize the heat of thermal medium to melt or the molten oil slick that solidifies of opening, guarantee the flowability of oil, can be in the winter time receive oil smoothly thereby make, overcome prior art can't be received oil when cold season and sewage temperature are lower than the zero pour of oil defective with cold season;
Another aspect, the present invention also comprises receipts oil pump, level meter, electrical control cubicles, electrical control cubicles responds the output signal control of level meter and receives the start and stop of oil pump, thereby can not make receipts oil pump dry running, power consumption that saving is electric.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the synoptic diagram 1 of oil spill skimmer of the present invention, shows the receipts oil pump that is connected with the oil slick exit end of floating haustorium in the oil spill skimmer;
Fig. 2 is the enlarged front view of the floating haustorium part of having of oil spill skimmer of the present invention, for simplicity, has omitted the receipts oil pump;
Fig. 3 is the vertical view of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the enlarged view of floating haustorium among Fig. 2, shows r shape crest of weir.
Embodiment
Shown in Fig. 1-4, oil spill skimmer of the present invention comprises: three fixedly connected floating drums 5 triangular in shape, with three floating haustoriums 4 that floating drum 5 links together, and the receipts oil pump 19 that is communicated with the oil slick exit end 45 of floating haustorium 4, oil slick is received oil pump 19 through floating haustorium 4 and is reclaimed.
Referring to Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, show three floating drums, 5 fixedly connected connecting frames triangular in shape.Connecting frame is the triangular prism framework, has: triangular supports, and three strongbacks 14 that form leg-of-mutton three fixed links 8, fixing adjacent two fixed links 8 by joining end to end constitute; And, three support bars 12, three seamed edges of triangular prism framework are gone up and are constituted in three bights (that is three strongbacks 14) that are fixed on triangular supports.Further, floating drum 5 is by three stainless steel cylinders end socket of burn-oning, form the stainless steel buoyancy aid of hollow, three support bars 12 pass three floating drums respectively and weld together with floating drum, so that floating drum 5 is fixedly supported on respectively on three support bars 12 correspondingly, the floating drum 5 half of hollow is immersed in the sewage during use, and the buoyancy of generation can guarantee fully that complete assembly floats on liquid level and work smoothly.
In conjunction with Fig. 2 and Fig. 4, each support bar 12, have and pass from the bottom of corresponding floating drum and the coupling end that extends of bending upwards, three described coupling ends of three floating drums 5 are fixed together by flange 3, and floating haustorium 4 is realized and being connected of three floating drums 5 by flange 3.Floating haustorium 4 sleeve-like configuration, the oil slick inlet end 41 of floating haustorium 4 is conical surface reaming, the periphery of conical surface reaming outwards is bent to form r shape crest of weir 43.In the time of around oil slick or scum silica frost flow to floating haustorium crest of weir 43, can flow in the middle of the crest of weir along " r " edge is expedite, be difficult for around crest of weir, piling up, and the oil slick inlet end 41 of floating haustorium adopts conical surface reaming structure, enlarged the outside dimension of oil slick inlet end, the easier oil slick that makes is forced rapidly to reclaim.Further, be liftable being threaded between floating haustorium 4 and the flange 3, in the present embodiment, the endoporus of flange 3 is made as threaded hole, periphery at floating haustorium 4 is provided with outside screw, cooperates with the spiral of threaded hole by outside screw, and floating haustorium 4 can lifting with respect to flange 3.The floating haustorium 4 of rotation, can regulate the rising and the decline of floating haustorium 4, when oil slick thickness is thicker, the floating haustorium 4 of rotation reduces the crest of weir height, receive oil pump 19 and can put more oil slick in a large number away, when the oil slick thinner thickness, the floating haustorium 4 of rotation is heightened the crest of weir height, be unlikely and put a large amount of sewage away, guarantee receive oil cross kind in the inlet 42 of oil slick inlet end 41 of floating haustorium 4 be positioned at oil water surface all the time.
Continuation is referring to Fig. 2, oil spill skimmer of the present invention also comprises muff 16, is arranged between three floating drums 5 and the floating haustorium 4, by screw-and-nut mechanism around floating haustorium 4, muff 16 is suspended on the triangular supports of connecting frame in the adjustable mode of height, with floating with three floating drums 5.Screw-and-nut mechanism comprises screw rod 9 ' and nut, one end of screw rod 9 ' is fixed on the muff 16, the other end passes the strongback 14 on the triangular supports, end that stretches out strongback 14 at screw rod 9 ' is bolted with nut, locking and unscrew the height that nut on the screw rod 9 ' can be regulated muff 16 positions, that is, muff 16 is just adjustable with respect to triangular supports.Thus, the position that can make muff 16 is all the time in the profit boundary, import and export 13 thermal mediums that in muff 16, feed thermal oil for example or steam by thermal medium, utilize the heat of thermal medium to melt or the molten oil slick that solidifies of opening, guarantee the flowability of oil, thereby can be in the winter time receive oil smoothly, overcome in the prior art problem that when cold season and sewage temperature are lower than the zero pour of oil, can't receive oil with cold season.In other words, the present invention can realize that round-the-clock receipts oil, particularly temperature crosses when low, also can use the oil slick that the thermal medium fusing solidifies and realize receiving oil work smoothly.
Continuation is referring to Fig. 2, for preventing to stop up at the crest of weir dregs of fat and viscous crude, oil spill skimmer of the present invention also comprises electric mixing device 10, electric mixing device 10 has motor, by the stirring pawl (or being called agitator) 1 of electric motor driving rotation, motor be fixed on the triangular supports and height adjustable, stir pawl 1 and stretch in the zone between muff 16 and the floating haustorium 4, be subjected to electric motor driving and stir oil slick inlet ends 45 oil slick on every side around floating haustorium 4.Can smash the dregs of fat that form around the floating haustorium 4, oil, toughening oil in flakes by rotation, prevent from around floating haustorium 4, to form bridge formation, surround the inlet 42 of oil slick inlet end 41.Wherein, for making motor adjustable height on triangular supports, can in the triangular supports upper support backing plate 11 be installed by screw rod 9, motor is fixed on the installation electroplax 11, by locking or unscrew the nut on the adjusting screw(rod) 9, make motor just adjustable, and then realize the altitude mixture control of whipping appts 10 with respect to triangular supports.
Further, oil spill skimmer of the present invention also comprises and receives oil pump 19, receives oil pump 19 and adopts full-automatic automatically controlled control, has the protector of anti-locking system dry running.For example, start and stop by electrical control cubicles control receipts oil pump 19, particularly, be communicated with the oil slick exit end 45 of floating haustorium 4 by metallic hose 18 at the suction port of receiving oil pump 19, on metallic hose 18, whether have oil slick enter the level meter that float haustorium 4, the output signal of electrical control cubicles response level meter starts or stops selectively receives oil pump 19 if being equipped with to be used to detect.In other words, when floating haustorium 4 inlets did not have liquid to enter, the signal that level meter is experienced passed to electrical control cubicles, and oil pump 19 is received in control can dry running, saves power consumption.When liquid entered, the signal that level meter is experienced passed to electrical control cubicles, received oil pump 19 and started operation automatically, and it is out of service automatically to receive oil pump when the pipeline absence of liquid enters, and can realize unattended fully.Thereby the present invention can realize to remove in the oil tank or lightweight oil in the open-air oil sump, mink cell focus, oil float slag full-automatic, reclaim continuously, all realized automatic control, receive oil when having accomplished oil, but no oil time receiving system's automatic stopping.In the present embodiment, receiving oil pump 19 is mono-pump, and its discharge capacity is from 0.5m 3/ h is to 10m 3/ h, top hole pressure is from 3bar to 20bar.
In addition, also show among Fig. 1: be located at the metallic hose connecting port 3 of floating haustorium 4 exit end, metallic hose 18 is connected with floating haustorium 4 by metallic hose connecting port 3; And 17, two of two strip metal flexible pipes are imported and exported one of 13, two strip metal flexible pipes 17 and are communicated with import and export of protective sleeve 16 as the thermal medium inlet tube, and another is communicated with another import and export of protective sleeve 16 as the thermal medium outlet pipe.Fig. 2 and Fig. 3 also show, and the barrel of each floating drum 5 outside is provided with protecting wire net fixed plate 6 vertically, and protecting wire net 7 is fixed on the protecting wire net fixed plate 6 to surround three floating drums 5, and protecting wire net fixed plate 6 constitutes catch net 15 with protecting wire net 7.
Oil spill skimmer of the present invention, be mainly used in collecting automatically of oily water treatment, the interior oil slick of all types of sewage jar (pond) in the exploitation of ocean and Conoco and the oil recovery process, and a plurality of fields such as petroleum and petrochemical industry factory, rivers, wetland, lake, bay oil spill accident emergency processing such as oil refining.
The above is the preferred embodiments of the present invention only, is not limited to the present invention, and for a person skilled in the art, the present invention can have various changes and variation.Within the spirit and principles in the present invention all, any modification of being done, be equal to replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. an oil spill skimmer comprises by connecting frame fixedly connected three floating drums (5) triangular in shape, and the floating haustorium (4) that links together with described three floating drums (5),
It is characterized in that described floating haustorium (4) is the cover tubular, its oil slick inlet end (41) is made as conical surface reaming, and the periphery of described conical surface reaming outwards is bent to form r shape crest of weir (43).
2. oil spill skimmer according to claim 1 is characterized in that,
Described connecting frame has triangular supports, is fixed on three support bars (12) in three bights of described triangular supports, and described three floating drums (5) are fixedly supported on respectively on described three support bars (12) correspondingly,
Wherein, each described support bar (12) has the coupling end that passes and upwards bend extension from the bottom of corresponding floating drum, and three described coupling ends of described three floating drums (5) are fixed together by flange (3),
Wherein, between described floating haustorium (4) and the described flange (3), to engage with respect to the liftable thread connecting mode of described flange (3).
3. oil spill skimmer according to claim 2 is characterized in that, offers internal thread on the endoporus of described flange (3), and the periphery of described floating haustorium (4) offers outside screw, and described outside screw constitutes described being threaded with described screw-internal thread fit.
4. according to each described oil spill skimmer among the claim 2-3, it is characterized in that, also comprise the muff (16) that is provided with around described floating haustorium (4), be positioned between described three floating drums (5) and the described floating haustorium (4),
Be fixed in that described muff (16) is gone up and the other end passes the screw rod (9 ') of described triangular supports by an end, and the nut that is spirally connected by the described the other end with described screw rod (9 '), described muff (16) is suspended on the described triangular supports, and adjustable with respect to described triangular supports height.
5. oil spill skimmer according to claim 4 is characterized in that, described muff (16) has heating medium turnover import and export (13) wherein.
6. oil spill skimmer according to claim 4 is characterized in that, also comprises electric mixing device (10), and described electric mixing device (10) has motor, by the stirring pawl (1) of described electric motor driving rotation,
Wherein, described motor be fixed on the described triangular supports and height adjustable, described stirring pawl (1) stretches between described muff (16) and the described floating haustorium (4), with around described floating haustorium (4) stirring described oil slick inlet end (45) oil slick on every side.
7. oil spill skimmer according to claim 6 is characterized in that, also comprises the electrical control cubicles of receiving oil pump (19), the start and stop of control described receipts oil pump (19),
Wherein, the suction port of described receipts oil pump (19) is communicated with the oil slick exit end (45) of described floating haustorium (4) by metallic hose (18), on described metallic hose (18), whether have oil slick enter the level meter of described floating haustorium (4), the output signal that described electrical control cubicles responds described level meter starts or stops described receipts oil pump (19) selectively if being equipped with to be used for detecting.
CN201110007905A 2011-01-12 2011-01-12 Oil slick recovery device Expired - Fee Related CN102092816B (en)

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CN102092816B CN102092816B (en) 2012-10-24

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102383409A (en) * 2011-08-03 2012-03-21 哈尔滨工业大学 Water surface oil recovering device
CN102557186A (en) * 2011-12-16 2012-07-11 新疆八一钢铁股份有限公司 Floating oil absorber
CN102701322A (en) * 2012-06-05 2012-10-03 陈太宏 Efficient floating oil collecting device
CN103394212A (en) * 2013-07-15 2013-11-20 重庆帝瀚动力机械有限公司 Oil-water separation device
CN105036240A (en) * 2015-07-31 2015-11-11 郑景文 Using method for sea oil dirt clearing and heating device
CN107055690A (en) * 2017-06-16 2017-08-18 山东大学 A kind of oil water separator and oil-water separation method based on semiconductor refrigerating
TWI620702B (en) * 2017-01-06 2018-04-11 Vacuum floater control system

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JP2006320776A (en) * 2005-05-17 2006-11-30 Asakura Kogyosho:Kk Apparatus for collecting scum
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CN101696047A (en) * 2009-10-15 2010-04-21 抚顺市明尧石油机械有限公司 Floating DC oil collector
CN201537407U (en) * 2009-09-18 2010-08-04 新疆八一钢铁股份有限公司 Oil slick absorption device for emulsion liquid
JP2010264354A (en) * 2009-05-13 2010-11-25 Fujita Seisakusho:Kk Floating oil recovery device

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2004009045A (en) * 2002-06-07 2004-01-15 Daiki Sangyo Kk Floating oil suction nozzle unit using negative pressure suction force
JP2006320776A (en) * 2005-05-17 2006-11-30 Asakura Kogyosho:Kk Apparatus for collecting scum
CN201245467Y (en) * 2008-03-26 2009-05-27 大庆摩恩达工程有限公司 Floating oil gathering apparatus
JP2010264354A (en) * 2009-05-13 2010-11-25 Fujita Seisakusho:Kk Floating oil recovery device
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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102383409A (en) * 2011-08-03 2012-03-21 哈尔滨工业大学 Water surface oil recovering device
CN102383409B (en) * 2011-08-03 2013-06-19 哈尔滨工业大学 Water surface oil recovering device
CN102557186A (en) * 2011-12-16 2012-07-11 新疆八一钢铁股份有限公司 Floating oil absorber
CN102701322A (en) * 2012-06-05 2012-10-03 陈太宏 Efficient floating oil collecting device
CN103394212A (en) * 2013-07-15 2013-11-20 重庆帝瀚动力机械有限公司 Oil-water separation device
CN105036240A (en) * 2015-07-31 2015-11-11 郑景文 Using method for sea oil dirt clearing and heating device
TWI620702B (en) * 2017-01-06 2018-04-11 Vacuum floater control system
CN107055690A (en) * 2017-06-16 2017-08-18 山东大学 A kind of oil water separator and oil-water separation method based on semiconductor refrigerating
CN107055690B (en) * 2017-06-16 2020-03-31 山东大学 Oil-water separator based on semiconductor refrigeration and oil-water separation method

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