CN102087400A - Heliostat and interlocking heliostat array device - Google Patents

Heliostat and interlocking heliostat array device Download PDF

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CN102087400A
CN102087400A CN 201010516741 CN201010516741A CN102087400A CN 102087400 A CN102087400 A CN 102087400A CN 201010516741 CN201010516741 CN 201010516741 CN 201010516741 A CN201010516741 A CN 201010516741A CN 102087400 A CN102087400 A CN 102087400A
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heliostat
arm
fixed
mirror
rod
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CN102087400B (en
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沈宏
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沈宏
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Abstract

The invention discloses a heliostat and an interlocking array device. The heliostat comprises a reflecting mirror, a mirror support and a sun tracing mechanism, wherein the reflecting mirror is placed on the mirror support flatly; the sun tracing mechanism is of a quadrilateral structure which consists of a fixed arm and a moving arm which have the same length and are adjacent to each other as well as a third edge and a fourth edge which have the same length and are adjacent to each other; a connection shaft penetrates through the intersection point of the moving arm and the fixed arm, and is fixedly connected with the mirror support through a crossbeam on the mirror support; the fixed arm extends along the connection line of the intersection point of the two arms and a receiver; the moving arm extends along the sunlight incident direction; a pair of angular line rods are connected with the intersection point of the two arms and the top point of the included angle of the third edge and the fourth edge; the angular line rod is vertical or parallel to the reflecting mirror; and the sun tracing mechanism drives the reflecting mirror to rotate respectively around the fixed arm and the connection shaft of the two arms. The sun tracing mechanism can be of an isosceles triangular structure. Accordingly, the heliostat can always satisfy the light reflection rule based on the geometric characteristics of the special quadrilateral or triangular structure, and is simple and practical.

Description

定日镜及连动定日镜阵列装置 Heliostat heliostat arrays and interlocking means

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种太阳能应用技术领域的定日装置,具体的说,涉及一种用于汇聚平行光线的两维连动自洁的定日镜及连动定日镜阵列装置。 [0001] The present invention relates to a solar heliostat technical field application apparatus, particularly, relates to a heliostat heliostat array and means for converging the parallel rays of interlocking two-dimensional self-cleaning interlocking.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 太阳能聚光应用包括聚光直接发电,聚光光热发电等技术。 [0002] Applications include solar concentrator concentrating direct generation, concentrating solar thermal power generation technology. 它是通过一定的技术手段聚焦阳光,提高光密度,用光电池直接转化电能,或者达到高温,通过吸收器吸收聚焦的热能,将光能转化成热能然后再将热能转化成电能的太阳能技术。 It is through certain technical means to focus sunlight, improved optical density, direct conversion of light energy battery, or a high temperature, the heat absorption by the focused by the light energy into heat energy and then into electrical energy solar technology. 聚光发电因其成本低、 效率高,是最有应用前景的太阳能利用方式之一。 Because of its low cost converging power, high efficiency, is one of the most promising solar energy manner.

[0003] 目前主要的太阳能聚焦方式有:槽式,蝶式,线性菲尼尔系统,塔式和其他一些新型聚光方式。 [0003] At present, solar Focus: slotted, butterfly, linear Fresnel systems, and other new tower converging manner. 其中,塔式太阳能热发电系统因其规模大,聚光比高,温度高,效率高,吸收器无需运动等优势,非常适合大规模、大功率应用,是最具商业前景的太阳能技术。 Among them, solar thermal power tower system because of its large scale, concentrating ratio, high temperature, high efficiency, without having the advantage absorber sports, very suitable for large-scale, high-power applications, is the most commercially promising solar technology. 塔式发电的聚光需要关键技术定日镜,定日镜的作用是将阳光反射到塔顶的吸收器,成百上千的定日镜一起工作,就能达到了大规模聚光的效果。 Condensing tower power key technologies required heliostats, the heliostat role is to reflect sunlight to the absorber overhead, with hundreds of thousands of heliostats work, can achieve a large-scale effect of concentrating . 但是,由于接收器不动,定日镜的跟踪阳光运动相对复杂,又由于发电场规模大,焦距远,定日镜运动精度要求很高,因此定日镜工艺要求高制造成本较高。 However, since the receiver does not move, the heliostat track the sun's movement is relatively complex, and because a large-scale farms, far focal length, high precision motion heliostats, the heliostat so the process requires a high manufacturing cost is high. 在国内外案例中,一般定日镜成本占整个系统的40 % -60 %,居高不下影响了塔式发电技术的商业前景,使得其还处于试验或者示范阶段。 Cases at home and abroad, typically heliostat cost accounts for 40% -60% of the whole system, high impact prospects for commercial power generation technology tower, so that it is still in the experimental stage or demonstration. 因此,采用一定手段降低定日镜技术难度和成本,是促进塔式太阳能热发电技术商业化的重要一环。 Therefore, some means of reducing the cost and technical difficulty heliostat mirrors, is an important part of a tower solar thermal power technology facilitate commercialization.

[0004] 现有定日镜技术,主要是考虑单台定日镜如何运动,由运动计算、姿态反馈和机械驱动三个部分组成,各台定日镜之间是独立的,不共享这三部分。 [0004] heliostat prior art, mainly on account of how the heliostat single motion by the motion calculation, three attitude feedback and mechanical drive components, are independent among the heliostats, do not share the three section. 虽然有些定日镜技术通过中央电脑共享运动计算,比如eSolar公司的阵列式定日镜,使用中央服务器控制每台定日镜,能在一定范围内能降低成本。 Although some technical heliostat is calculated by the central computer shared motion, such as the company eSolar heliostat arrays, each using a central server controlling heliostat can reduce costs within a certain range. 但无法共享驱动,还是每台单独驱动,每台都安装有2个驱动电机,驱动装置占主要成本,所以很难大幅度降低成本。 But can not be shared drive, or each drive individually, each is fitted with two drive motors, drives account for major cost, it is difficult to significantly reduce costs. 虽然国外专利提到通过特殊的排列,也有人找到了共享运动的方法,但原理所限,所有的构件必须预置,无法大型化,只能做成特制的新型聚光器,不能用于大型定日镜场。 Although foreign patents referred to by special arrangement, it was also found a way to share the sport, but the principle constraints, all the components must be preset, not large-scale, only made a special new type of condenser, it can not be used for large heliostat field. 因此需要找到一种更为简单的定日方法, 有了该方法,可以解决三个部分的共享问题,就能大幅度降低成本。 Therefore need to find a simpler method of Tingri. With this method, you can solve the problem of sharing a three-part, will be able to significantly reduce costs. 同时反射目标可以任意设置,规模可任意扩展,阵列可现场安装调试。 Reflective targets simultaneously may be arbitrarily set, any size can be extended, the array can be on-site installation.

[0005] 如果设计定日镜之初,从整个定日镜场出发考虑问题,思路就会不同。 [0005] If the design of heliostats at the beginning, from the entire heliostat field to consider the issue, the idea is different. 对于场地中的所有定日镜,太阳的位置相对于他们大致是一致的,由于太阳比较远差别可以忽略不计。 For all heliostats, position of the sun relative to the site they are roughly the same, due to the sun distant difference is negligible. 其实对每台定日镜而言,只是目标位置不同,光源位置是相同的。 In fact, for each heliostat, but different target position, the position of the light source is the same. 如果镜面的姿态根据太阳位置和目标位置自动应变或者协动,那么定日过程简化,而且不再直接驱动镜面,可以连动。 If the posture of the mirror or in cooperation autostrain The sun position and the target position, the heliostat process is simplified, and no longer directly drive the mirror to be interlocked. 我们只需要设计一种几何装置,能反馈入目标方位量并固定,并能反馈入光源方位量并能移动,这两个几何量合成另外一个几何量驱动镜面,由于目标方位对每台都不一样,所以合成的量大小方位都不同,每台镜子运动是不同的。 We only need to design a geometric means, can feed into the target position and fixed amount, and the amount of energy feedback into light source orientation and to move, two additional synthesis of a geometric geometric mirror drive, since each of the target orientation is not the same, so the size of the amount of synthetic position is different, each mirror movement is different. 目标位置初始化设定后固定不动,那么我们只要关心太阳位置,而太阳位置又是一致的,计算和驱动装置就可以共享。 After setting the target position initialization fixed, so we just care about the position of the sun, and the sun's position is consistent, computing and drive can be shared. 放弃以驱动镜面为主的思想,接纳以镜面姿态从动或者协动于太阳位置的思想是本发明最核心的想法。 Abandon the idea mainly driven mirror, the mirror receiving attitude to the driven sun or in cooperation thought position is the core idea of ​​the present invention. 多台间连动机构不直接带动镜面,而是带动每台的一个特殊机构,镜面只是从动或协动于一个这个机构,这样就不会有多台间镜面运动量不同引起的差别或者竞争而无法连动问题,也不用镜面按照特殊形状分布来弥补各台运动量差别。 Multiple inter-linkage mechanism is not directly contributing to the mirror, but a special drive of each institution, in cooperation mirror or just driven organization to one that, so as not to compete or how much difference due to the difference between the amount of exercise and Taiwan mirror not linked problem, do not mirror in accordance with the special shape of the distribution amount of exercise to make up for differences in each stage. 对准光源的几何量在多台间是一致的,可以连接起来让多台定日镜连动。 Geometry to the alignment between the light source is a plurality of identical, can be connected so that a plurality of heliostats interlocking. 因为镜面协动于特殊机构,镜面的姿态是应变的,是唯一确定的,通过内在几何结构保证,无需姿态反馈,这个部分成本就没有了。 Since the mirror in cooperation to a particular mechanism, the mirror is strained posture, is uniquely determined by the internal geometry of the guarantee, without attitude feedback, this is no part of the cost. 计算和运动又共享了,成千上百定日镜共用控制和驱动,成本就可以大幅度降低。 And calculating the motion and shared, common hundreds heliostat is controlled and driven, the cost can be greatly reduced. 大规模连动定日镜阵列,避免了很多问题,又做到了每台精确地反射阳光到目标特定位置,其规模大小只是受限于驱动能力、加工精度和材料本身的受力极限。 Large-scale interlocking array of heliostats, to avoid a lot of problems, but also do each accurately reflect sunlight to target a specific location, its size is only limited by the capacity of the drive, the force limits of precision and the material itself.

[0006] 中国专利CN200510043^9. X虽然提到了定日镜的连动,但只是以陈应天的自旋加仰角的定日方式基础上提出了一维连动,而且停留在思想方法上,没有给出具体结构,真要实施非常困难。 [0006] Chinese patent CN200510043 ^ 9. X although mentioned heliostat linked, but only in a basic way Tingri spin plus elevation Chen proposed on day one-dimensional connections, and stay in the way of thinking, there is no give a specific structure, really very difficult to implement.

[0007] 美国专利US7677241B2也是一种两维连动聚光装置,用于汇聚平行光源,但存在很多不足。 [0007] U.S. Patent US7677241B2 also a two-dimensional interlocking converging means for converging the parallel light, but there are many deficiencies. 其原理是水平面内一列直线排列镜子,每个镜子的法线有两端,一端是镜子中心,如果镜子中心分布于一直线,那么另外一端分布在尼科梅德斯蛘线(Conchoid of Mcomedes),蛘线的焦点就是反射目标;或者倒过来镜子中心分布在尼科梅德斯蛘线上,另外一端分布于一直线。 The principle is that a horizontal plane aligned mirrors, each mirror of normal both ends, one end of the central mirror is, if a straight line located in the center of the mirror, then at the other end Nicomedes Yang distribution line (Conchoid of Mcomedes) , Yang focal line is reflected target; or inverted mirror centers in Nicomedes Yang line, the other end located in a straight line. 利用蛘线特殊的性质,使得驱动蛘线就可以满足蛘线上所有镜子反射平行光到设定点的要求。 Yang line using a special nature, such that the drive line Yang Yang line will meet all the requirements of the mirror reflected parallel light to the set point. 如前分析,直接驱动镜面,由于个镜子运动不一样,必然要求特殊排列。 As before the analysis, direct driven mirror, since the mirror motion is not the same one, necessarily require special arrangement. 然后再把一列列按要求排列的镜子组成两维阵列,蛘线组成蛘线曲面,直线组成平面。 And then arranged in a row of the required two-dimensional array consisting of a mirror, the composition Yang Yang line curved line, rectilinear plane. 无论是组合蛘线曲面,还是直线平面,都是刚体面根据目标预制好,一个固定不动,另一个驱动镜子法线,在运动中两个面都不能有形变。 Yang combination of both curved line, straight line or plane, are a good target according prefabricated rigid body, a fixed and the other mirror normal driving, the motion in the two sides have not deformed. 两个因素决定它只适合小型聚光:一是必须先预设目标,根据目标位置计算蛘线面,然后预制蛘线面,不能现场调节,刚体面越大越难制作,所以阵列不可能做大。 It is only suitable for small two converging factors: First, they must first predetermined target, the surface is calculated according to the target position line Yang, Yang then preformed wire surface can not be adjusted in the field, making more difficult the larger the rigid body, it is not possible to expand the array . 二是驱动刚体面与镜子法线除了万向连接还需要上下滑动, 所以驱动刚体面无中间支撑,只有四角有支撑,大了中部容易下垂变形。 Second, the rigid body of the mirror normal driving except universal joints need to slide up and down, the driving support without intermediate rigid body, only a supporting corners, the large deformation of the center tends to sag. 两个因素决定它只适用小规模。 Two factors that determine it applies only to a small scale. 这种方式所有零件,刚体面必须预置,整机做好出厂,不可现场调解,不能用于几千上万平米的大范围聚光。 In this way all the parts, just to be a decent presets, do the whole factory, not on-site mediation, not concentrating for a wide range of several thousand square meters. 其结构复杂,是一种新型聚光器,适合小型,但与碟式等小规模聚光技术比有决定性的优势。 Complicated structure, is a new condenser, suitable for small, but small dish concentrator technology than other decisive advantages.

[0008] 其他的一些专利比如US4466423、US4930493、US41023^,通过不同方法只实现两维连动,没有更进一步实现目标方便设定,都属于一种类型,原理跟本专利不同。 [0008] Other patents such as US4466423, US4930493, US41023 ^, only be achieved by different methods interlocking two-dimensional, no further goals convenient setting, all belonging to one type, with various principles of this patent. 它们都存在同样问题:直接驱动镜面,无反馈目标方位的机构,不能显式设定目标,因此无法根据目标现场安装,不适合大型应用场合。 They have the same problems: direct drive mirror, no target position feedback mechanism, not explicitly set goals, and therefore can not be installed depending on the target site is not suitable for large-scale applications. 它们原理上可行,实际中因没有设定目标机构,与目标的关系需预置或者现场看反射效果凭感觉调镜面初始位置。 Are feasible in principle, because there is no practical means setting a target, the relationship between the target site needs to preset or adjust the feel of the mirror to see the reflection effect initial position. 由于太阳时时刻刻在动,这么做手忙脚乱,协调几面镜子还来得及,成百上千完全来不及,可实施性很差。 Since the sun always moving, rush doing, coordinating several mirrors too late, time to complete hundreds, can be implemented very poor.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0009] 本发明要解决的技术问题是,提供一种定日镜及连动定日镜阵列装置,使得定日镜既小型化、阵列化、易于安装、可随意扩展,又无需增加成本给每台安装控制和运动部件。 [0009] The present invention is to solve the technical problem, and to provide a heliostat heliostat arrays interlocking means, such that both the size of the heliostat, arrayed, easy to install, can be arbitrarily extended, and at no additional cost to the each installation control and moving parts.

[0010] 为实现上述目的,本发明的技术方案如下: [0010] To achieve the above object, the technical solution of the present invention is as follows:

[0011] 一种定日镜,包括反射镜、镜面支架以及定日机构,所述反射镜平放于镜面支架上,所述定日机构为一四边形,所述四边形由相邻的等长的固定臂和活动臂以及相邻的等长第三和第四边组成,一连接轴穿过所述活动臂和固定臂的交点,该连接轴同时穿过所述镜面支架上的横梁与所述镜面支架固定连接,其中固定臂沿两臂的交点与接收器的连线延伸,活动臂沿阳光入射方向延伸,一对角线杆连接所述活动臂和固定臂的交点与所述第三和第四边夹角顶点,所述对角线杆始终垂直或平行于反射镜镜面,所述定日机构可带动所述反射镜分别绕所述固定臂以及两臂的连接轴转动。 [0011] A heliostat comprises a mirror, the mirror holder and the heliostats mechanism, the mirror flat on the mirror holder, the heliostats means is a quadrangle, the quadrangle by adjacent equal length the fixed and moveable arms and the other third and fourth adjacent side length composed of a connecting shaft passing through the intersection of said movable arm and fixed arm, the connecting shaft on the beam while passing through the bracket and the mirror mirror bracket connecting wires extending in intersection with the receiver along the arms of the fixed arm, the movable arm extends in the direction of the incident light, the intersection of a diagonal line connecting said movable lever arm and a fixed arm with said third and the fourth vertex angle side, the diagonal rods are always perpendicular or parallel to the reflecting mirror surface, the mechanism may be driven by the heliostat mirrors are rotated about the axis connecting the fixing arm, and the arms.

[0012] 所述固定臂与任一臂/边的交点向外延长,成为一个圆形轴。 [0012] The intersection of any fixed arm and arm / side extend outwardly, into a circular shaft.

[0013] 所述固定臂和所述两臂的连接轴相互垂直。 [0013] The connecting shaft fixed arm and the two arms perpendicular to each other.

[0014] 所述四边形的各条臂和边在同一平面内,相邻的两个臂和/或边通过一轴可动连接,其中一个臂/边为门形结构,另一个臂/边插入该门形结构。 [0014] Each of arms of the quadrilateral and the side in the same plane, two adjacent arms and / or edges are connected by a movable shaft, wherein one arm / side of door structure, the other arm / side insert the door structure.

[0015] 所述对角线杆通过一个可在该对角线杆上下滑动内固定滑动轴承的接头与所述第三和第四边连接,其中所述内固定滑动轴承的接头两侧面为门形结构,所述第三和第四臂分别插入该门形结构,二者通过轴连接。 [0015] The linker may be a diagonal shaft of said third and fourth sides connecting the fixed sliding contact with the slide bearing through this diagonal rod, wherein the stationary slide bearing joint side surfaces of the inner door shaped structure, said third and fourth arms are respectively inserted in the door structure, both connected by a shaft.

[0016] 所述对角线杆垂直于反射镜镜面时,所述定日机构位于反射镜的上方或下方。 [0016] The diagonal bars perpendicular to the reflecting mirror surface, said means located above or below the heliostat mirrors.

[0017] 所述对角线杆平行于反射镜镜面时,所述定日机构位于反射镜的侧面。 When [0017] the rod parallel to the diagonal reflector mirror means located on the side of the heliostat mirrors.

[0018] 所述定日镜还包括一个镜面自洁机构,该镜面自洁机构通过一个连杆连接于支架的活动臂或固定臂上,连杆的一端设有带有若干刷条的刷杆。 [0018] The heliostat mirror further comprises a self-cleaning mechanism, the mirror self-cleaning mechanism is connected to a fixed or moving arm carrier by a link arm, one end of the rod is provided with a number of stems of brush bar . 所述刷杆与连杆之间通过一个轴连接,所述连杆可绕该轴转动。 The brush between the rod and the link are connected by a shaft, the link may rotate about the shaft.

[0019] 所述活动臂与所述连杆之间设有一个拉紧弹簧。 It is provided between the [0019] Activity of the link arm and a tension spring.

[0020] 一种定日镜,包括反射镜、镜面支架以及定日机构,所述反射镜平放在镜面支架上,所述定日机构为等腰三角形,所述等腰三角形的两腰为固定臂和活动臂,一个连接轴垂直于该等腰三角形的平面,穿过所述固定臂与该等腰三角形第三边的顶点,同时该连接轴与所述镜面支架固定连接,所述固定臂沿固定臂与第三边的顶点与接收器的连线延伸,所述活动臂沿阳光入射方向延伸,所述第三边垂直或平行于所述反射镜镜面固定,所述定日机构可带动所述反射镜面分别绕所述固定臂及固定臂与第三边的连接轴转动。 [0020] A heliostat comprises a mirror, and the mirror holder mechanism heliostats, the flat mirror on the mirror holder, the heliostats means is an isosceles triangle that is both waist the fixed and moveable arms, a connecting shaft perpendicular to the plane of the isosceles triangle passing through the apex of the isosceles triangle with the fixed arm of the third side, while the connecting shaft fixedly connected to said mirror holder, said fixed connecting arms extending along the edge of the fixed arm and the third vertex and a receiver, said movable arm extending in direction of incidence of the sun, the third side perpendicular or parallel to the fixed mirror reflector, the mechanism may heliostats driving the mirror are rotated about the axis of the fixed arm and the connecting arm fixed to the third side.

[0021] 所述固定臂与任一臂/边的交点向外延长,成为一个圆形轴。 [0021] The intersection of any fixed arm and arm / side extend outwardly, into a circular shaft.

[0022] 所述固定臂轴与所述连接轴相互垂直。 The [0022] fixing arm shaft and the connecting shaft perpendicular to each other.

[0023] 所述三角形的各条边在同一平面内,相邻两个臂/边之间通过一轴连接,其中一个臂为门形,另一个臂插入该门形结构。 [0023] each side of the triangle in the same plane, two adjacent arms / are connected by a shaft between the sides, which is a gate-shaped arm, the other arm is inserted into the door structure.

[0024] 所述第三条边上设有可沿该边上下滑动的滑动轴承套接头,轴承套接头侧边是门形,所述活动臂一端插入该门形内,二者通过轴连接。 [0024] The third side of a slide along the edge of the slip joint bearing sleeve, the bearing sleeve is a gate-shaped fitting side, the movable end of the arm inserted into the gate-shaped, both connected by a shaft.

[0025] 所述第三边垂直于所述反射镜镜面时,所述定日机构位于反射镜的上方或下方。 [0025] The third side perpendicular to the mirror when the mirror above or below, the heliostat mirror means located in the reflector.

[0026] 所述第三边平行于所述反射镜镜面时,所述定日机构位于反射镜的侧面。 When [0026] the third sides parallel to the reflecting mirror surface, said means located at the side heliostat mirrors.

[0027] 所述定日镜还包括一个镜面自洁机构,该镜面自洁机构通过一个连杆连接于支架的活动臂上,连杆的一端设有带有若干刷子的连接杆。 The [0027] heliostat mirror further comprises a self-cleaning mechanism, the mirror self-cleaning mechanism is connected to the movable frame by means of a link arm, one end of the rod is provided with a number of brush connecting rod. 所述连接杆与连杆之间通过一个轴连接,所述连杆可绕该轴转动。 The connection between the rod and the link are connected by a shaft, the link may rotate about the shaft.

[0028] 所述活动臂与所述连杆之间设有一个拉紧弹簧。 [0028] provided between the active arm and the rod a tension spring.

[0029] 一种定日镜支撑架,用于支撑前述的定日镜,该支撑架包括一个支撑柱、连接头、 调节杆和固定杆,所述固定杆一端通过所述连接头固定于支撑柱一端,另外一端与所述调节杆固定,所述固定杆一端轴向内套轴承,所述定日镜定日机构固定臂延长的轴插入该轴承,所述固定杆两端点与接收器三点成一线,所述调节杆一端通过抱箍与支撑柱固定,另外一端嵌入固定杆沟槽内固定,所述支撑柱,调节杆和固定杆组成一个方位角和仰角可调三角形。 [0029] A heliostat support frame for supporting the heliostat, the support frame comprising a support column, connector, lever and the fixed rod, the rod end through said connector fixed to the support One end of the column, and the other end is fixed to the adjusting lever, the rod within sleeve bearing axial end, the heliostat heliostat arm extension means fixed shaft inserted into the bearing, the both ends are fixed three-point rod and receiver point of a line, the adjusting lever having one end fixed to the support hoop through the column, the other end is fitted and fixed within the groove fixation rod, said supporting column, the adjusting lever and a fixed azimuth and elevation rods adjustable triangle.

[0030] 所述支撑柱一端有一边缘带槽的圆盘。 [0030] The support post at one end edge of a slotted disc.

[0031] 所述连接头一端是一个带槽的圆盘,圆盘上方有轴支撑架。 [0031] The head end is connected to a slotted disc, a shaft support frame above the disk.

[0032] 所述支撑柱另外一端有与阵列间结构固定的孔。 [0032] The other end of the support post has an array of fixed structure between holes.

[0033] 一种半连动定日镜阵列装置,包括多台如前所述的定日镜,用于驱动各个所述定日镜的步进电机,以及一个共用的跟踪器,所述跟踪器安装于其中某一台定日镜上,所述定日镜的活动臂平行设置,所述跟踪器将跟踪信号传送至所有定日镜的步进电机,驱动各个活动臂使定日镜动作。 [0033] A semi-interlocking means heliostat array comprising a plurality of heliostats as described above, each of the heliostats for driving a stepping motor, and a common track, said track It is mounted to the one wherein the heliostats, the heliostat movable arm disposed parallel to said tracking signal to track will all heliostats stepping motor, driving the respective movable arm operation heliostats .

[0034] 一种全连动定日镜阵列装置,包括多台如前所述的定日镜,用于驱动定日镜的驱动装置,以及一个共用的跟踪器,所述跟踪器安装于其中某一台定日镜上,所述定日镜通过阵列间结构固定呈共边的三角形分布形成陈列,各固定臂分别对准目标,各定日镜活动臂由连杆构成的连杆面,连杆与活动臂连接处到两臂连接处的距离每台都相同,该连杆面与驱动机构相连,带动所有活动臂对准光源,所述连杆可以安装活动臂上或者下延长线上。 [0034] An all interlocking means heliostat array comprising a plurality of heliostats as described above, driving means for driving the heliostat, and a common track, said track mounted therein on one heliostats, the heliostat array structure is fixed by inter-coplanar side link form a triangular profile display are formed, each of the arms are fixed at the target, each heliostat is constituted by the movable arm link, the link connection to the movable arm and the two arms are each connected at the same distance, which is connected to the link plane and drive means to drive all movable arm aiming light source, the link may be mounted on the mobile arm or the extension line .

[0035] 所述连杆的长度是无级可调的。 [0035] The link length is steplessly adjustable. 所述连杆通过万向连接器或十字轴连接器连接于活动臂。 The link through a universal connector or connectors to the cross shaft moveable arm.

[0036] 所述全连动定日镜阵列装置还包括一个防扭动装置,设于定日镜阵列的三角形中央,通过三根杆与定日镜连杆面固定。 [0036] The whole interlocking means heliostat array further comprises a central triangular twist-proof means is provided on the heliostat array, fixed by three heliostat link rod surface. 所述防扭动装置是一个上、下端有十字轴的可伸缩杆。 The anti-twist means is on a lower end of the retractable rod of the cross shaft.

[0037] 所述驱动装置包括电机,变速箱,以及一个活动臂,该活动臂通过连杆与定日镜的活动臂相连。 [0037] The drive means includes a motor, gearbox, and a movable arm, which arm is connected via a link arm heliostat activities. 所述驱动装置为多套,分布于所述阵列的边角。 The driving means sets is distributed in the corners of the array.

[0038] 本发明区别于其他定日镜方案的最本质的地方,是本发明的定日镜放弃了每台自主驱动镜面的方法,也没有采用直接连动镜面的方法,而创造性地提出了两种最简单,最直接的几何方式新型的几何关系定日方法,采取了特殊四边形或者三角形机构驱动镜面,直接用几何关系获得目标和太阳位置,采用了两个机械臂分别反馈目标和太阳方位,通过活动特殊四边形或者三角形结构带动镜面,特殊四边形或者三角形几何特性决定始终满足反射定律,非常简洁实用。 [0038] The present invention is essentially different from most other programs where heliostats, the heliostat present invention is to give up the autonomous driving method of each mirror, there is no direct method interlocking mirror, and creatively put forward two of the most simple and most direct geometrically new geometric relationship heliostats method adopted special quadrilateral or triangular mirror drive mechanism, to obtain the target position of the sun and geometry directly, using targets and two robot arms are solar azimuth feedback , by a special event driven mirror structure quadrangular or triangular, quadrangular or triangular particular geometric characteristics to satisfy the law of reflection is always determined, very simple and practical. 本发明这种方法消除部分误差,镜子由主动变协动,天然满足两维连动基础。 This method of the present invention to eliminate the error portion, the active variable mirror in cooperation, to meet the two-dimensional interlocking natural base.

[0039] 然后在此基础上,充分利用太阳方位的一致性,创造性地提出了具体的两维连动方法,多台定日镜组成两维连动阵列,阵列内的镜面是协动的于这个机构,共享控制和运动,安装简单方便,大大降低成本。 [0039] Then based on full use of solar azimuth consistency creatively made specific method of interlocking two-dimensional, consisting of a plurality of heliostats interlocking two-dimensional array, the array is the mirror in cooperation in this organization, sharing and motion control, easy to install and greatly reduce cost. 提供了一种新型的中小规模塔式聚光方案,消除已有两维连动方案诸多弊端,消除像差,简化镜面制作工艺。 Provides a novel small-scale programs condensing tower, eliminating the existing two-dimensional interlocking scheme many problems, to eliminate the aberration, the specular simplified fabrication process. 增加了自动灰尘刷子,实时清理镜面。 It adds automatic dust brush, real-time clean-up mirror. 减轻风力对镜面的影响,抗风能力强,能主动防沙尘暴、冰雹、大雪等特别恶劣天气。 Mitigate the effects of the wind on the mirror, strong wind resistance, can take the initiative desert storms, hail, snow and other inclement weather in particular.

[0040] 本发明的定日方式是一种全新的定日方案,为实现超大规模、超低价、高聚焦比两维聚焦铺平了道路,是定日镜领域的一大创新和突破,能够成倍降低成本,适用于各种聚光规模的应用,必将成为业界新标准。 [0040] Tingri of the present invention is a new Tingri program for the realization of ultra-large-scale, ultra-low-cost, highly focused paved the way for more than two-dimensional focus, is a major breakthrough and innovation in the field of heliostats, It can exponentially reduce costs, suitable for a variety of applications focusing scale, will become the new industry standard. 附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0041] 图1是本发明的四边形定日机构在镜面上方的定日方法原理示意图; [0041] FIG. 1 is a heliostat quadrilateral mechanism principles of the invention in a schematic view of the heliostat mirror above method;

[0042] 图2是本发明的四边形定日机构在镜面下方的定日方法原理示意图; [0042] FIG. 2 is a heliostat quadrilateral mechanism principles of the invention in a schematic view of the heliostat mirror method below;

[0043] 图3是本发明的四边形定日机构在镜面侧面的定日方法原理示意图; [0043] FIG. 3 is a quadrilateral mechanism heliostat principles of the invention in a schematic side mirror of the heliostat method;

[0044] 图4是本发明的三角形定日机构在镜面上方的定日方法原理示意图; [0044] FIG. 4 is a triangular heliostat mechanism principles of the invention in a schematic view of the heliostat mirror above method;

[0045] 图5是本发明的三角形定日机构在镜面下方的定日方法原理示意图; [0045] FIG. 5 is a triangular mechanism of the present invention heliostats in heliostat method Schematic mirror below;

[0046] 图6是本发明的三角形定日机构在镜面侧面的定日方法原理示意图; [0046] FIG. 6 is a triangular heliostat mechanism principles of the invention in a schematic side mirror of the heliostat method;

[0047] 图7是本发明的四边形定日机构在镜面上方的实施例的结构示意图; [0047] FIG. 7 is a configuration diagram of an embodiment of the present invention quadrilateral mechanism heliostat mirror above;

[0048] 图8是本发明的四边形定日机构在镜面下方的实施例的结构示意图; [0048] FIG. 8 is a schematic view of heliostats quadrilateral mechanism in the embodiment of the present invention, the bottom of the mirror;

[0049] 图9是本发明的四边形定日机构在镜面侧面的实施例的结构示意图; [0049] FIG. 9 is a configuration diagram of an embodiment of the present invention quadrilateral mechanism in the heliostat mirror side surface;

[0050] 图10是本发明的三角形定日机构在镜面上方的实施例的结构示意图; [0050] FIG. 10 is a configuration diagram of an embodiment of the present invention, the triangular heliostats mechanism above the mirror;

[0051] 图11是本发明的三角形定日机构在镜面下方的实施例的结构示意图; [0051] FIG. 11 is a configuration diagram of an embodiment of the present invention triangle heliostats mechanism below the mirror;

[0052] 图12是本发明的三角形定日机构在镜面侧面的实施例的结构示意图; [0052] FIG. 12 is a configuration diagram of an embodiment of the present invention, the triangular bodies heliostats in the side mirror;

[0053] 图13是定日镜底部型支撑架结构示意图; [0053] FIG. 13 is a schematic view of a bottom bracket structure heliostat;

[0054] 图14是定日镜顶部型支撑架结构示意图; [0054] FIG. 14 is a top schematic view of the support frame structure heliostat;

[0055] 图15是单台定日镜工作原理示意图; [0055] FIG. 15 is a schematic view of the working principle of a single heliostat;

[0056] 图16是定日镜镜面灰尘刷结构示意图; [0056] FIG. 16 is a schematic structural diagram of a heliostat mirror dust brush;

[0057] 图17是3台定日镜组成最小的阵列几何原理示意图; [0057] FIG 17 is a geometric 3 heliostats Schematic composition smallest array;

[0058] 图18是多个共边三角阵列组成大型阵列几何原理示意图; [0058] FIG 18 is a geometric array of a plurality of edge-triangulation principle schematic form large arrays;

[0059] 图19是长度可变连杆结构刨面图; [0059] FIG. 19 is a variable length link structure of FIG planing surface;

[0060] 图20是万向球连杆连接器组图; [0060] FIG. 20 is a ball joint rod connector Photo;

[0061] 图21是十字轴连杆连接器示意图; [0061] FIG. 21 is a schematic cross-shaft connector link;

[0062] 图22是3台定日镜的最小单元连杆俯视示意图; [0062] FIG. 22 is a three heliostat schematic top view of the link of the minimum unit;

[0063] 图23是一个三角单元中央防连杆面扭动杆; [0063] FIG. 23 is a central triangular cell surface anti-twist link shaft;

[0064] 图M是定日镜底部型支撑架阵列结构示意图; [0064] FIG M is a structural diagram of a bottom bracket array type heliostat;

[0065] 图25是3台定日镜使用底部支撑架组成阵列完整示意图; [0065] FIG. 25 is a bottom 3 using heliostats complete schematic diagram illustrating an array of support frame;

[0066] 图沈是定日镜顶部型支撑架钢架结构示意图; [0066] FIG bracket is a schematic view of a top sink-type steel structure heliostat;

[0067] 图27是驱动机构示意图; [0067] FIG. 27 is a schematic view of a drive mechanism;

[0068] 图观是36台定日镜1个驱动的定日镜阵列装置的几何示意图; [0068] FIG. 36 is a concept of a drive heliostats geometrical schematic heliostat array device;

[0069] 图四是121台定日镜6个驱动的定日镜阵列装置的阵列几何示意图; [0069] FIG. 121 is a four heliostats 6 drives array heliostat array geometry schematic apparatus;

[0070] 图30是活动臂利用重力线初始化平行示意图; [0070] FIG. 30 is a schematic view of the movable arm parallel line initialization by gravity;

[0071] 图31是六角形大型定日镜阵列装置的工作示意图。 [0071] FIG. 31 is a schematic view of the work of large hexagonal heliostat array apparatus.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0072] 下面结合附图和具体实施例进一步说明本发明的技术方案,以更清楚的了解本发明的优点,但本发明不仅局限于实施例。 [0072] The following further illustrate the technical solutions of the present invention in conjunction with specific embodiments and the accompanying drawings, to more clearly understand the benefits of the present invention, but the present invention is not limited to the embodiment.

[0073] 单台定日镜定日的原理 [0073] Single principle heliostats heliostats

[0074] 本发明中单台定日镜定日的原理分析,可以用简化示意图1表示,其主要结构是一个能活动的特殊四边形或者三角形。 [0074] In the present invention, a single heliostats heliostats analysis principles, can be represented by a simplified schematic diagram, the main structure is a triangle or a quadrangle can special event. [0075] 首先,对于特殊四边形的定日机构,为满足反射定律和定日需要,此特殊四边形必须满足以下几何关系: [0075] First, a special agency for Tingri quadrilateral, to satisfy the law of reflection and Tingri need, this particular quadrilateral must meet the following geometric relationship:

[0076] 一、特殊四边形A、B、C、D四边在同一平面内。 [0076] a special quadrangle A, B, C, D four sides in the same plane.

[0077] 二、下部两边必须等长如图1的A = B,上部两边必须等长如图1中C = D,至于四边是否都等长可随意,因此该四边形特殊在或者四边两两等长,或者全部等长。 [0077] Second, the lower portion of the sides have to wait a long A 1 in FIG = B, the upper sides must equal length in FIG. 1 C = D, as to whether all four sides of equal length are free, so that in particular a quadrilateral or other quadrilateral twenty-two long, or all of equal length. L必须是等长边夹角的顶点的连接对角线。 L must be connected to other long side angle diagonal vertices. 有A = B,C = D则数学上很容易证明,AL连线夹角a和BL 连线夹角b相等a = b,同理c = d。 There are A = B, C = D is easily proved mathematically, AL and BL wired connection angle a equal to angle b a = b, empathy c = d.

[0078] 三、A、B、C、D四边相交处,以垂直纸面轴连接,四边皆可以在AB⑶所在平面内相对运动,因此a、b、c、d四个角大小可以变化。 [0078] III, A, B, C, D at the intersection of four sides, is connected to the shaft perpendicular to the paper, all four sides of the plane of the relative movement can be located in AB⑶, so a, b, c, d can vary the size of the four corners. 但无论如何变,ACL边组成三角形及BDL边组成三角形,是相等三角形。 But in any case variable, the ACL composition triangle and edge BDL composition triangle sides, the triangle is equal.

[0079] 四、特殊四边形ABCD的对角线L与镜面M垂直并固定,是M的法线。 [0079] Fourth, the diagonal line L perpendicular to the mirror surface M and is fixed quadrangle ABCD particular, M is the normal. M只需与L固釔不一定严格在AB交点0上。 M and L need not necessarily strictly in the solid yttrium 0 AB intersection. 这样L运动,M跟着运动,而L的运动,由特殊四边形ABCD决定。 Such movement L, M follow the movement, and the movement L, determined by the special quadrangle ABCD.

[0080] 图1中展示的是定日到位的情况,在静态情况下,当边A及其延长线对准太阳与阳光平行,B的延长线对准目标,则由镜面反射定律:入射光与镜面法线夹角等于反射光线与镜面法线夹角,特殊四边形的角度a = b满足反射定律,我们可知阳光必然通过镜面反射到目标。 In [0080] FIG. 1 shows the case where the heliostats in place, in the static case, when the A side and the extended line toward the sun and parallel to the sun, the extension line B of the target, by the law of reflection mirror: incident specular reflection of light normal angle equal to the angle between the normal line and the mirror, a special angle a = b quadrilateral satisfy the law of reflection, we can see the sun necessarily reflected by the target mirror.

[0081] 有了以上静态特点,其定日运动就比较容易描述了。 [0081] With the above static characteristics, which the heliostat movement is easier to describe. 当阳光在天穹中圆周运动,由于目标是不动的,B方向必然固定不动,我们只需以B为轴,使得整个特殊四边形ABCD绕着B轴旋转。 When the sun in the sky in a circular motion, since the target is not moving, the direction of B necessarily fixed, we only need to axis B, so that the entire special B-axis rotation around the quadrangle ABCD. 特殊四边形AB⑶只要旋转到太阳中心与AB交点0的连线,在特殊四边形AB⑶ 所在的平面,则旋转到位。 Special quadrilateral AB⑶ long as the rotation center of the sun to the intersection of 0 and AB connection, in particular a quadrilateral plane located AB⑶ is rotated into place.

[0082] 保持AB⑶所在平面不动,驱动A边(或者叫活动臂),绕通过0并垂直AB⑶面的轴旋转,使得A边在AB⑶平面内运动,直到太阳中心与0点的连线与A边重合。 [0082] where the fixed holding plane AB⑶ drive side A (or called movable arms), and about a vertical axis through the 0 AB⑶ rotation plane, such that the A side in AB⑶ plane motion, with the center of the sun until the connection with the point 0 A coincident edges. 由于B边(或者叫固定臂)方向是固定的只能绕自身旋转,在A边运动时它保持不动,则系统重新满足图1中的定日到位的静态特点。 Since the B-side (or called fixed arm) orientation is fixed can rotate about itself, when the A-side motion which remains stationary, the system re-satisfied in FIG. 1 in place of the static characteristics of heliostats. 等太阳运动了,定日运动只需重复上面过程即可。 Such as the movement of the sun, just repeat the above process Tingri sports can be. 整个系统以A、B的矢量的方向分别代表阳光方向,和目标方向,通过活动特殊四边形结构ABCD带动L和M,来完成定日运动。 In the system A, B of the direction vector representing the direction of the sun, and the target direction, by a special event driven quadrangle ABCD structure L and M, to complete the movement of heliostats. 系统主要运动是绕B轴旋转,和绕通过0点垂直纸面的轴旋转, 这两个转轴相交的0点是系统的两维旋转中心,这个中心在定日镜安装时设定目标后空间位置固定不动,说明书后面指的特殊四边形结构旋转中心就是指该中心。 The main movement system is rotated about the B-axis, and rotated by 0:00 around an axis perpendicular to the paper, the two rotation shafts intersecting 0:00 two-dimensional center of rotation of the system, the center after setting the target space when installed heliostats a stationary position, later in the specification refers to the special structure of the rotational center of the center refers to a quadrangle.

[0083] 系统的力学特点是,A边受到外力的驱动,B边受到固定力,B方向不能改变但可绕自身旋转。 Mechanical characteristics [0083] system is, A side driven external force, B side is fixed by a force, B can not be changed but the direction of rotation about itself. A、B带动C、D边,然后4边再带动L,最后L带动M。 A, B drive C, D side, and then drive the four sides L, L finally led M. 如以C、D驱动带动AB原理上完全一样的,不再赘述。 As with C, D drive driven by exactly the same principle AB, not repeat them.

[0084] 以上分析是把太阳看成一个点分析,实际的太阳是个盘面,阳光有一个很小的视角,不是严格的平行光,我们可以把阳光看成近似平行光,但这不妨碍我们分析问题。 [0084] The above analysis is the sun as a point of analysis, the actual sun is a disk, the sun has a little perspective, not strictly parallel light, we can put the sun as approximately parallel light, but this does not prevent us from analysis problem.

[0085] 上面的分析可以看出,特殊四边形结构AB⑶的开合与绕B边旋转是主要运动,L 和M除了上面分析的位置外还可以如下放置:一种是特殊四边形结构不在镜面上方,而在镜面下方,图2中a'是a的延长线对角a = a' , b'是b的延长线对角b = b',因a = b则a' =b'同样满足反射定律,由于结构的对称性,与前面描述的定日运动相似,不再赘述。 [0085] The above analysis can be seen, the opening and closing of the special quadrangular structure AB⑶ rotation about the B-side is the main movement, L and M in addition to the position of the above analysis can also be placed as follows: one is a special mirror is not above the quadrangular structure, in the mirror downward in FIG. a 2 'is a diagonal extension line of a = a', b 'is an extension line of the diagonal b b = b', a = b is due to a '= b' also satisfies the law of reflection due to the symmetry of the structure, heliostats motion similar to that described previously, is omitted. 还有一种是,对角线L不再与镜面M垂直,而是与M平行,如图3所示,此时b'是b的延长线对角,有b' =b,由于a = b则a = b'同样满足反射定律,与前面第一种情况描述的定日运动相似,不再赘述。 There is also a diagonal mirror M and L are no longer perpendicular but parallel to M, shown in Figure 3, case b 'b is an extension line of the diagonal, with a b' = b, since a = b if a = b 'also satisfies the law of reflection, in front of the first heliostat and movement similar to that described case, omitted. 加上第一种,这三种情况,区别是特殊四边形ABCD的对角线与镜面垂直、平行,其中垂直又分为特殊四边形结构在镜面上方,下方,总共三种情况。 Plus a first, three cases, the difference between the quadrilateral ABCD is a special mirror diagonal with a vertical, parallel, wherein the vertical structure is divided into quadrangular special mirror above, below, a total of three cases. 这三种情况其原理本质上是一样的,都属于本发明范畴。 Which in principle is essentially the same three cases fall within the scope of the invention.

[0086] 如图4,如果是三角形定日机构,其要求和特殊四边形结构稍有不同,必须满足以下几何关系: [0086] FIG 4, if the triangular heliostats mechanism, which requires special and tetragonal structure is slightly different, must meet the following geometric relationship:

[0087] 一、三角形A,B边长度相等,这与特殊四边形要求不同; [0087] First, the triangle A, B sides of equal length, which is different from the special requirements of a quadrangle;

[0088] 二、L是镜子的法线,它的一部分是三角形ABL的边; [0088] bis, L is a normal mirror, which is part of the ABL equilateral triangle;

[0089] 三、M是镜子,M与L固定在一起,呈垂直状态,M的运动由三角形ABL决定; [0089] III, a mirror M, L and M are secured together in a vertical state, movement of the ABL M is determined by the triangle;

[0090] 四、A,B,L之间连接是活动的,连接处以垂直致纸面轴连接,三角形可以改变形状, 但三角形的A,B边始终等长,三角形始终是等腰三角形。 [0090] IV, A, B, L between the connection is active, a vertical actuator connected impose paper shaft, a triangular shape may be varied, but the triangle A, B side always equal, always isosceles triangle. A边一头在L上可以上下滑动。 A side can slide up and down on a L.

[0091] 满足上面条件,那么可知等腰三角形内角度b = d始终成立,边B始终指向目标, 当边A与入射光平行时显然a = d,则推出a = b满足光反射定律,完成定日过程。 [0091] The above conditions are met, then the apparent angle of the isosceles triangle always holds b = d, B side always points to the target, when the incident light parallel to the side A is clearly a = d, the introduction of a = b satisfy the law of reflection of light, complete Tingri process. 和特殊四边形结构相同,当太阳运动,但目标相对位置未变,所以B方向不变,三角形只需绕B轴旋转,使得太阳中心与0的连线在三角形所在的面内,然后停止绕B旋转,固定不动。 Special quadrilateral structure and the same, when the movement of the sun, but the relative position of the target has not changed, so the B direction is not changed, only the triangle is rotated about the axis B, so that the connection with the center of the sun in the plane of the triangle 0 is located, then stopped about B rotating, stationary. 再让A 边绕A与B的连接点在三角形平面内旋转,直至与太阳中心与0点的连线平行即可,重新回到定日完成状态。 A let rotated about the A-side connection point B in the plane of the triangle, the center of the sun until the connection is parallel to 0:00, the completion status back to the heliostat. 每当太阳角度变化,隔一定时间重复一次这个过程完成定日运动。 When the sun angle change, a predetermined time interval is repeated once the process is complete heliostat movement.

[0092] 显然,三角形绕B轴旋转,然后A边绕A,B的连接的垂直纸面的轴旋转。 [0092] Obviously, the triangle is rotated about the axis B, then side A about the A, B perpendicular to the paper of the connection shaft. 活动三角形旋转中心就是A和B的连接点,做两轴旋转,说明书后涉及到三角形定日结构时候称三角形旋转中心,这点安装设定好目标后空间位置是不动的。 Activity is connected to the rotation center of the triangular points A and B, do two axes of rotation, the specification relates to triangular heliostat triangular configuration when said rotation center, this installation position to set a good target space is not moving.

[0093] 系统力学分析,B边方向固定受固定力,可绕自身旋转,A边或者其上下延长线上, 受驱动力驱动而运动,在A,B边力作用下,L运动,L与M固定,则镜面M跟着运动。 [0093] Mechanical Analysis System, B direction is fixed by the fixing force can rotate about itself, A, or a vertical extension line of the edge, is moved by the driving force, in the A, B side force, L motion, L and M is fixed, the moving mirror M along.

[0094] 和特殊四边形一样,三角形可以放镜子上面、下面和侧面,如图5,6是三角形放在镜子背面和侧面的情况。 [0094] and, like special quadrangular, triangular mirrors can be placed above, below and the side, as shown in the case of the triangular mirror 5 and 6 are back and side. 都可以证明只要A,B边等长,角度b = d则有b' = d',满足反 Can be demonstrated as long as the A, B sides of equal length, there is an angle b = d b '= d', to meet the anti-

射定律。 Fire laws.

[0095] 本发明的机械连动方案可以做到直接将方向量输入系统,用几何方式完成定日过程,让镜子从动于活动特殊四边形或三角几何结构,由该结构保证反射的几何关系。 Mechanical interlocking embodiment [0095] of the present invention can be done directly to the amount of the directional input system, a complete procedure heliostat geometrically, so that the mirror is driven by the specific activity quadrangular or triangular geometry, the geometry of the structure to ensure reflection. 本发明定日方法只适用于上面描述的特殊四边形、三角形定日机构,没有这个特殊四边形,三角形结构无法使用这种方法定日。 The method of the present invention is heliostat only applicable to the above-described particular quadrangular, triangular heliostat mechanism, without this particular quadrangular, triangular structures can not use this method heliostats. 它区别于中国专利CN200610200777.8中陈应天等人采用的自旋-仰角跟踪方式。 It is distinguished from Chinese patent CN200610200777.8 Spin Chen, who used the day - elevation tracking mode. 他们的方式是平行于水平面的旋转,旋转轴不对准目标,加上镜面仰角变化的运动,仰角是年变化角。 The way they are parallel to the horizontal rotation of the rotation axis is not aligned with the target, together with the movement of the mirror changes in elevation, change in elevation angle is. 本发明的其中一个旋转轴是旋转中心与目标的连线,必须朝向目标,与地面有一定夹角。 The present invention wherein a rotary shaft is connecting the rotational center of the target, must face the target, and the ground with a certain angle. 与目标位置差异,阵列中每台定日镜旋转轴朝向各有差异。 Differences in the target position, the difference in the array have each heliostat toward the rotary shaft. 这么做既保证了模拟太阳在天空的圆周运动,又巧妙地将目标方位反馈入几何结构,以最合适、最简介的运动方式完成定日,无需任何计算,只要将活动臂对准阳光即可,阳光经过镜面反射自然顺着固定臂射向目标。 It does not only guarantee the simulated solar circular motion in the sky, but also skillfully into the geometry of the target position feedback to the most appropriate way to complete the introduction of sports Tingri, without any calculation, as long as the movable arm aligned to the sun , natural sunlight via specular reflection toward the target along the fixed arm.

[0096] 四边形定日机构具体实施结构 [0096] DETAILED DESCRIPTION structure quadrilateral mechanism heliostats

[0097]方案 1 [0097] Scheme 1

[0098] 在实际中,为实现特殊四边形几何结构描述的功能,设计了一个特殊四边形机械装置。 [0098] In practice, to perform the functions described special geometry quadrilateral, quadrilateral design a special mechanical means. 根据前面的原理描述可知,按照特殊四边形结构对角线与镜面的关系,可分为对角线与镜面垂直,平行两种情况,其中垂直又分为特殊四边形在镜面上方、下方两种情况,总共三种情况。 The principle of the foregoing description that, according to the special relationship between the quadrilateral structure and a diagonal mirror, the mirror can be divided into vertical and diagonal, parallel two situations where special quadrilateral is divided into vertical mirror above, below two cases, A total of three cases. 垂直并且特殊四边形在镜面上方的机械结构示意图,如图7所示。 And in particular quadrangular vertical mirror above the mechanical structure of the schematic diagram shown in Fig. 将上面原理描述中的特殊四边形AB⑶四边做成固定长度的臂,如图7中活动臂1(也可称活动杆)代表特殊四边形原理图中A,固定臂2代表B,臂3代表C,臂4代表D,各臂为了方便连接可以设计成多种样式,但其特性必须满足原理中描述的几个特点。 The principles described above AB⑶ special quadrilateral four sides made in the arms of a fixed length, as shown in a moveable arm (also known as the active lever) represent special quadrilateral schematic diagram A, the fixed arm 2 represents B, C represents the arm, 4 represents D arm, each arm may be designed in order to facilitate connection to a variety of styles, but it must meet several characteristic features of the principles described herein. 四臂有一定强度能够承载整个重量不变形,连接处以轴连接,轴垂直于特殊四边形平面。 There are four arms capable of carrying the entire weight of a certain intensity is not modified, impose connection shaft, in particular a quadrilateral plane perpendicular to the axis. 由于各臂有一定直径,为保证四臂中心线在一个平面内,其连接处可采用某一臂为门型,另外一臂插入门型结构。 Since each arm has a diameter, in order to ensure a four-arm center line in the plane, which arms are connected at a gate type may be employed, further arm insertion door structure. 门型臂两边开孔,另一臂中间开孔插入门型臂内,三个孔对齐插入轴。 Door-arm opening on both sides, inserted into the middle of the other arm open door-arm, three holes are aligned insertion shaft. 如图7中,臂1连接处为门型, 臂3插入其中,轴5是活动臂1和臂3的轴,二臂可绕轴5运动,其余臂连接处原理相同,这样设计可保证四臂中心线同一平面内。 In FIG. 7, the arm 1 is connected to the gate type, wherein the arm 3 is inserted, the shaft 5 is a shaft movable arm 1 and arm 3, two arms 5 about an axis motion, the same principle of connection arm rest, this design ensures four the arm center line plane of the same.

[0099] 为保证对角线杆9在特殊四边形平面内,对角线杆9上部与特殊四边形连接处采用了内固定滑动轴承13的两边门型结构,滑动轴承可沿着对角线杆9上下滑动。 [0099] diagonal rod 9 in a special quadrilateral plane, the upper diagonal rod 9 particular quadrangular connection side of the door structure using the inner bearing 13 is fixed to the slide to ensure slide bearing along the diagonal rod 9 slide up and down. 滑动轴承可以用滚珠型滑动轴承、自润滑型轴承、超高分子润滑材料轴承等,只要保证轴承和对角线杆9紧贴,只能沿杆轴向运动,不能径向运动,如果不紧贴发生径向晃动,会影响定日精度。 Sliding bearings sliding bearings can be ball type, self-lubricating bearings, bearings and other ultra-high molecular lubricating materials, as long as the bearings 9 and a diagonal bar against axial movement, radial movement not only along the bar, if not tight paste radially shake occurs, it will affect the accuracy of heliostats. 对角线杆9的下部,与横梁10垂直固定,对角线杆9运动可以带动横梁10 —起运动。 A lower diagonal rod 9, 10 is vertically fixed to the cross member, the rod 9 can drive the motion diagonal beam 10 - from moving.

[0100] 活动臂1和固定臂2都有延长部分。 [0100] fixed arm and the movable arm 2 has an extension. 活动臂1的延长部分杆6和杆7是和其一体的,杆6和杆7的截面可以是圆形也可以是其他形状,只要保证在延长线上,延长的目的是为了多台连接形成连动。 A movable arm extension rod portion 6 and the rod 7 and its integral, section bars 7 and the rod 6 may be circular or may be other shapes, as long as the extension line extended purpose is to form a plurality of connector Gearing. 固定臂2的延长部分轴8和其是一体,轴8作用是固定整个特殊四边形。 Fixed arm extension 8 of the shaft 2 and which is integrally fixed shaft 8 acting entire special quadrilateral. 轴8将插入一个方向可调的立柱上,固定后,只能绕轴8旋转,方位和仰角不能变化。 Inserting a shaft 8 steerable columns, after fixing, only about the axis of rotation 8, azimuth and elevation can not be varied. 活动臂1和固定臂2下部是门型结构,连接处以连接轴11穿过。 A fixed arm and the movable arm is a lower gantry structure 2, the connecting shaft 11 through the connecting imposed. 连接轴11穿过活动臂1、固定臂2孔处,可安装滚珠轴承、滑动轴承,或者覆盖超高分子润滑材料,这样活动臂1 和固定臂2绕轴各自的旋转会非常顺畅。 Activity arm 11 through the connecting shaft 1, the fixed arm hole 2, may be mounted ball bearings, sliding bearings, or ultra-high molecular lubricating covering material so that the movable arm and fixed arm 1 about the axis 2 of rotation of each very smooth. 连接轴11同时也穿过横梁16和17,并且与其固定。 The connecting shaft 11 also passes through the beams 16 and 17, and is fixed thereto. 横梁16,17和与横梁10 —起通过螺栓、焊接等方法固定在板12上。 And cross beams 16, 17 and 10 - from a bolt, welding or the like fixed to the plate 12. 板12通过螺栓或者铆钉与镜面支架15固定,镜面支架15的平面用于安装镜子,在这个方案中镜面朝上。 Plate 12 is fixed by bolts or rivets and the mirror holder 15, the plane mirror holder 15 for mounting the mirror, the mirror up in this embodiment. 镜面支架15可以如图中面接触型,也可以做成点接触型,也就是在支架四周四个螺孔处安装镜面支撑柱,支撑柱内可以有微调镜面高低的螺纹。 The mirror holder 15 in surface contact type can be illustrated, may be made of point-contact, i.e. the mirror support column mounting bracket in the four screw holes at four weeks, the level of the mirror fine-tuning can be threaded within the support column. 支架方案有很多种,由于本发明每台定日镜面不大,重量轻,镜面变形很小无需采用复杂的支架,不再赘述。 There are many stent embodiment, since the present invention is not per heliostat mirror, light weight, small deformation of the mirror holder without the use of complex, not repeated.

[0101] 定日镜的中心,就是固定臂轴8和连接轴11相交点,是系统两维旋转中心,一旦设定好目标,这个中心不再动。 [0101] center of the heliostat, the arm shaft 8 is fixed and the point of intersection of the connecting shaft 11, the rotation center is a two-dimensional system, once set up the target, the center can not move. 当驱动力通过延长线杆6驱动固定臂1绕固定臂轴8旋转,使得阳光与定日镜中心连线落到臂1、2、3、4组成的平面内时这个旋转到位。 When the driving force of the extension rod 6 is fixed by an arm shaft 8 is rotated about the fixed arm, such that the sunlight heliostat plane falls within the line of centers, four arms composed of the rotated into place. 固定此平面不动,再驱动杆6绕连接轴11旋转,使得杆6与阳光与定日镜中心连线共线,则定日完成,阳光通过镜子正确地反射到目标。 This does not move the fixed plane, the connecting shaft 11 is rotated about 6 further drive rod such that the rod 6 and the sun and the heliostats line connecting the centers are collinear heliostats completed correctly sunlight reflected by the target mirror.

[0102] 整个装置可用钢、铁、铝合金、铜合金、工程塑料等比较坚固材料制作,保证能够承受一定的力不变形,长期放在室外不会被腐蚀。 [0102] the entire device can be relatively strong material, steel, iron, aluminum, copper alloys, engineering plastics, able to withstand a certain force to ensure that no deformation, long on the outside does not corrode.

[0103]方案 2 [0103] Scheme 2

[0104] 前面原理解释中可知,特殊四边形结构可放置在镜面上方,下方或者侧面。 [0104] to explain the principles known in the foregoing, the special structure of quadrangular mirror can be placed above, below or to the side. 图8是特殊四边形结构放置于镜面下方的方案,结构与上面描述的图7的方案1基本相同,只是镜面方向相反,这样做的好处是反射面不会被特殊四边形结构遮挡太多,减少反射面积损失。 FIG 8 is a special mirror quadrangular structure placed beneath embodiment, the structure of Figure 7 described above are basically the same, but mirror-opposite directions, the advantage that the reflecting surface is not obstructed too much special quadrangular structure, to reduce reflection area loss. 另外由于特殊四边形结构在下部,其固定臂2的延长轴8也只能安装在下部,固定臂轴8的作用是固定整个装置,并可以绕自身旋转。 Also due to the special structure in the lower portion of a quadrangular, the extension shaft 8 fixed arm 2 can only be installed in the lower, the role of the fixed arm is fixed to the shaft 8 the entire device, and can rotate about itself. 由于特殊四边形结构有一定尺寸,固定臂轴8离系统旋转中心也就是固定臂轴8与连接轴11的交点比较远,重心靠前。 Due to the special structure dimensioned quadrangular, the fixed arm shaft 8 from the rotational center of the system is the intersection of the fixed arm shaft 11 and the connecting shaft 8 is relatively far from the center of gravity forward.

[0105] 方案2与方案1的原理相同,不再赘述。 [0105] Scheme 2 Scheme 1 the same principle, is omitted.

[0106]方案 3 [0106] Scheme 3

[0107] 特殊四边形结构还可以放在侧面,也就是特殊四边形对角线与镜面平行,而不是像方案1、2中垂直。 [0107] Special quadrangular structure may also be placed side, i.e. parallel to the mirror diagonal particular quadrilateral, rather than perpendicular to embodiment 1 and 2. 图9显示的是其结构,特殊四边形对角线杆9与镜面支架15的某两边平行,为了不使支架边挡住对角线杆9,支架外侧边选择了旋转90°与其平行。 Figure 9 shows the structure, special quadrilateral diagonal rods 9 parallel to both sides of a mirror holder 15, in order not to block diagonal post bracket 9 side, the outer side of the bracket 90 ° rotation of the selected parallel thereto. 对角线杆9 的横梁10的放置方式也与前面两案例不同,而是放在底板靠特殊四边形一边,且与对角线杆9固定。 Diagonal cross bar 9 is placed in front of embodiment 10, also two different cases, but on a special plate on the side of a quadrangle, and the diagonal rod 9 is fixed. 其余结构与方案1中的相同,定日原理也相同,不再赘述。 1. The remaining configuration and the program, the principle is the same heliostat, omitted.

[0108] 上述三个方案都需要较高的加工精度,要在开模具时候精度要求高,可旋转的连接处于轴紧密配合没有空隙,如此定日镜的反射精度是能够保证的。 [0108] The three schemes require high machining accuracy, time to open the mold in high precision, the shaft is rotatably connected in a tight fit without voids, thus reflecting the accuracy of the heliostats is capable guaranteed.

[0109] 三角形定日机构具体实施结构 [0109] DETAILED DESCRIPTION triangular configuration means heliostats

[0110] 三角形几何定日方案的实施结构和特殊四边形的很相似,差别在于三角形要求是等腰三角形,活动臂与固定臂等长,而特殊四边形被对角线分成的两个三角形无需等腰,而只要求特殊四边形相邻的固定臂和活动臂等长,二者对面两边也等长即可。 Quadrangular configuration and special embodiment is similar to [0110] embodiment of heliostats triangular geometry, the difference is that the triangle is an isosceles triangle requirement, like the movable arm and fixed arm length, and the quadrangle is divided into special diagonal two isosceles triangles without , but only require special quadrangle adjacent stationary and moveable arms of equal length, two opposite sides are also of equal length can.

[0111] 图10,11,12是三角形定日机构的实施结构,其中10是活动臂,12是活动臂延长线,与活动臂10是刚性连接在一起。 [0111] FIG 10,11,12 embodiment is a triangular structure heliostats mechanism, wherein a movable arm 10, movable arm 12 is extended line, and the movable arm 10 is rigidly connected together. 20是固定臂,21是固定臂延长轴,该轴插入底座的轴套内,保证系统能以该轴旋转。 A fixed arm 20, arm extension 21 is fixed to a shaft inserted into the base of the sleeve, to ensure that the system can rotate the shaft. 活动臂10与固定臂20两臂等长。 The movable arm 10 and the arm 20 fixed to the two arms of equal length. 等腰三角形的第三边是法线臂30,和特殊四边形结构一样,通过底部横梁与底板固定在一起,法线臂30顶部有滑动轴套40,轴套40可沿三角形上下滑动,轴套40同时靠垂直纸面的轴连接着活动臂10。 The third side of the isosceles triangle arm 30 is normal, and a special structure as quadrangular, cross through the bottom of the base plate are secured together, the top of the arm 30 normal sliding sleeve 40, the sleeve 40 may be slid along the upper and lower triangle, the sleeve Meanwhile axis perpendicular to the paper 40 by the moving arm 10 is connected. 固定臂20和延长轴21可绕连接轴11旋转。 The fixed arm 20 and the extension shaft 21 rotatable about the rotary shaft 11 is connected. 连接轴11通过固定装置与镜面支架15固定,法线臂30同样与固定装置与镜子架子固定,保证始终垂直镜子架子。 Means connected to the shaft 11 by a fixing bracket 15 fixed to the mirror surface, the normal to the same arm 30 and the mirror fixing means fixing the rack to ensure that the mirror is always perpendicular to the rack.

[0112] 定日运动的时候,先设置固定臂20,通过调整固定臂轴21所插入的底座可调装置,使得固定臂20对准目标。 [0112] When the heliostat movement, the first fixed arm 20 is provided by adjusting the inserted arm shaft fixed base adjustable means 21, such that the arm 20 is fixed at the target. 太阳在天穹运动,先驱动活动臂10通过其延长线12,绕固定臂旋转,使得太阳中心与系统旋转中心70的连线,落入三角形所在的平面,此时固定三角形不再绕固定臂旋转,驱动活动臂绕位于中心70并垂直纸面的轴旋转,使得太阳中心与旋转中心70的连线与活动臂一直线,定日完成。 Sky sun movement, drives the movable arm 10 to its extended line 12 through rotation about the fixed arm, so that the center of the sun and the rotation center of the connection system 70, where the fall flat triangles, a triangle does not rotate about a fixed case fixed arm , driving the movable arm 70 in the center and around the axis perpendicular to the paper, so that the center of the sun and the rotation center of the movable connecting arm 70 is in line, to complete the heliostats.

[0113] 定日镜支撑架 [0113] heliostat bracket

[0114] 本发明的定日镜支撑架用于支撑前述带有特殊四边形或三角形定日机构的定日镜ο [0114] The present invention heliostat support frame for supporting a heliostat with the heliostat particular triangular or quadrangular mechanism ο

[0115] 支撑架的要求是:一是坚固支撑整个几何机构和镜面重量,使其只能绕固定臂底部延长线的轴旋转。 [0115] supporting frame is required: first solid geometry mechanism to support the entire weight of the mirror and so only about a fixed axis of the extension arm rotating bottom. 二是可使几何结构固定臂水平旋转和仰角变化调整,目的是让几何结构固定臂对准目标,对准后固定锁死。 Second geometry allows the fixed arm horizontal rotation and elevation angle adjustment, to let the geometry of the fixed arm alignment target, the alignment fixture lock. 对准的方式有多样,可以目视瞄准,可以在固定臂上固定激光仪等设备,观察光斑位置。 Various methods are aligned, can be visually aim, the arm can be fixed by fixing the laser and other equipment, observation spot position.

[0116] 支撑架只要满足上面要求,其结构是不限的,考虑到大规模应用需要低成本,本发明中只是给出一种坚固的低廉的实现方式,但不限于此方式。 [0116] As long as the support frame to meet the above requirements, the structure is not limited to, taking into account the need for low-cost large-scale applications, the present invention is only given a robust inexpensive implementations, but is not limited thereto manner. 本发明中给出的底部支撑结构,既可支撑几何定日结构的特殊四边形三种方案也可支撑三角形三种方案,相互之间是相对独立的。 Special three schemes quadrilateral bottom support structure of the present invention is given, both the support structure may be a geometric heliostats triangular support three scenarios, are relatively independent to each other.

[0117] 根据支撑架放置方式不同,可分为底部型和顶部型,底部型支撑架底座与底部阵列结构固定,安装于地面,上部插入特殊四边形或者三角形活动机构。 [0117] Depending on the placement of the support frame can be divided into a bottom-type and top-type, a bottom type and bottom of the array stationary bracket base structure installed on the ground, insert special upper triangular or quadrangular movable mechanism. 顶部型与底部型正好相反,顶部吊在上部钢架上,底部插入特殊四边形或者三角形活动机构,顶部型适用于定日镜不方便安装于地面的情形。 Top type and the bottom type opposite, top hung on the upper steel frame, quadrangular or triangular insert special activity means a bottom, a top heliostat convenient type suitable for mounting to the case floor. 无论底部型还是顶部型,其结构都类似,只是安装方式不同。 Whether a bottom type or a top-type, and its structure is similar, but different installation.

[0118] 方案1,底部型支撑架方案 [0118] Scheme 1, a bottom-shaped support frame scheme

[0119] 如图13所示,整个支撑架主要分三个部分,1-1、1-2组成的支撑柱31,2-1、2_2、 2-3组成的调节杆,3-1、3-2、3-3组成的固定杆。 [0119] As shown in FIG 13, the entire support frame divided into three parts, consisting of the support column 31,2-1,2_2 1-1, 1-2, 2-3 consisting of adjusting lever, 3-1,3 -2,3-3 fixed rod thereof. 这三个部分分别是一体的,三个部分相互之间可动,组成一个可变三角形。 The three parts are integral, three movable portion to each other to form a variable triangle. 可变三角形调节好后可固定,使用三角形是因为三角形非常稳固,凡是三角形结构原理的可调支撑结构,都属于本发明范围内。 Regulate the variable can be fixed triangle, the triangle is used as a very stable triangular, any triangular structure principle adjustable support structure, are within the scope of the present invention.

[0120] 支撑柱支撑整个系统,与地面基本垂直即可,其底部有多个孔1-3,可以在组成陈列时与阵列底座结构固定。 [0120] a support column supporting the entire system, is substantially perpendicular to the ground, its bottom with a plurality of holes 1-3, the array may be fixed with the base structure in the composition of the display. 支撑柱上部有圆盘1-2,圆盘外径比支撑柱直径大,外延有扇形孔用于固定4-1、4-2组成的门型支架。 1-2 disk support column portion, an outer diameter larger than the diameter disk support post, a door-type epitaxial bracket for fixing scallops 4-1 and 4-2 thereof.

[0121] 固定杆由底部和两侧有槽的方管3-1、轴套3-2以及轴3-3组成是一个整体,是经调节对准目标后被固定的部分。 [0121] from the bottom and sides of the fixing rod has a rectangular groove pipe 3-1, the sleeve 3-2 and a shaft 3-3 is composed of an integral part of the alignment target is fixed after adjusted. 前面描述的特殊四边形或者三角形机构方案1、2、3,中的固定臂2底部的轴就插入固定杆的轴套3-2中。 Special triangular or quadrilateral mechanism previously described embodiment 1, 2, the bottom of the shaft 2 of the fixed arm is inserted in the sleeve 3-2 fixation rod. 轴套3-2内有滚珠轴承,也可用滑动轴承,超高分子润滑材料等做的润滑套。 3-2 the ball bearing sleeve, also be used as sliding bearings lubricated sleeve, ultra-high molecular lubricating materials. 例如轴套3-2与图7的固定臂2的轴8紧贴,可让其旋转, 但不可晃动。 3-2, for example, the fixed arm shaft sleeve 7 and FIG. 8 is close to 2, it can be allowed to rotate but not shaking. 固定杆上部通过轴3-3架在两片支撑片4-1上。 Fixing the rod portion by a shaft holder 3-3 on two supporting pieces 4-1. 固定杆可绕轴3-3旋转调节倾角,轴3-3外延有螺纹,通过螺母与4-1固定。 3-3 the fixed rod about an axis of rotation angle adjustment, the shaft extension threaded 3-3, 4-1 and fixed by a nut.

[0122] 调节杆由抱箍2-1,杆2-2和杆2-3组成,是一个整体。 [0122] the adjustment lever by a hoop 2-1, 2-3 bar 2-2 bar and composition, as a whole. 其中2_2与2_3成垂直关系,二者相交于2-3中间。 Wherein 2_2 2_3 perpendicular relationship with both intersects the intermediate 2-3. 杆2-2插入方管3-1底部槽,杆2-3嵌入方管3_1两侧的槽且两边伸出两侧槽,伸出部分有螺纹,可用螺母7与3-1固定。 2-2 rod insertion groove bottom square pipes 3-1, 2-3 bar groove 3_1 square pipe fitted on both sides of the two sides and protruding on both sides of the groove, the protruding portion is threaded to the nut 7 with 3-1 fixed. 抱箍2-1与另外一半抱箍,用螺栓5固定在支撑杆1-1上。 2-1 hoop hoop and the other half is fixed to the support bar by bolts 5 1-1. 松开抱箍,调节杆可上下移动和左右旋转,上下移动时2-3在3-1 的槽内滑动,左右可绕支撑杆1-1旋转。 Release the hoop, the adjusting lever can be moved up and down and rotation about, 2-3 in the slot 3-1 is moved slidably up and down, left and right support rod rotatable about the rotation 1-1.

[0123] 门型支撑架由两个支撑片4-1、底部圆盘4-2组成,二者是一个整体。 [0123] gate-shaped support frame is supported by two sheets 4-1, 4-2 composed of a bottom disk, both as a whole. 4-1用来支撑固定杆,圆盘4-2边缘有扇形状孔,与1-2孔直径相同,安装时4-2与1-2紧贴。 4-1 for supporting the fixation rod, disc sector-shaped hole edges 4-2, 1-2 with the same hole diameter, 4-2 and 1-2 in close contact during installation.

[0124] 系统调节角度时,松开螺母或螺栓1-5,1-6,1-7。 [0124] When the angle adjustment system, 1-5,1-6,1-7 loosen nuts or bolts. 先让固定杆和调节杆绕支撑杆1-1旋转到目标方位角。 Let the fixed rod and the adjusting lever about the support rod is rotated to a target azimuth 1-1. 然后上下移动调节杆2-2,调节到目标仰角,此时调整到位,固定杆上轴套3-2对准目标。 2-2 up and down movement of the adjusting lever, is adjusted to the target elevation, the adjustment in place at this time, the fixing rod alignment target sleeve 3-2. 然后将螺栓1-5,1-6,1-7拧紧,支撑系统调节到位,左右被圆盘4-2 固定,上下被杆3-2固定,固定杆被牢牢固定在支撑杆上。 The bolt is then tightened 1-5,1-6,1-7, adjust support system in place, the left and right is fixed disks 4-2, 3-2 bar is vertically fixed, the fixing rod is firmly fixed to the support rod.

[0125] 为了让固定杆仰角活动范围大,上下圆盘4-2,1-2背朝目标处切去一部分,防止在运动中与3-2碰到。 [0125] In order to allow a wide range of activities elevation fixation rod, facing away from the upper and lower disc at the target cut part 4-2,1-2, 3-2 and prevent movement encountered. 支撑系统重心偏后,而其前部插入的特殊四边形或者三角形机构重心靠前,起到一定抵消作用,使系统更加稳定。 After the focus bias support system, while the front insert special mechanism quadrilateral or triangular center of gravity forward, play offsetting, make the system more stable. 如果还需配重平衡系统,方杆后部的孔3-4 用于固定重物,起到前后配重作用。 If needed counterbalance system, rear side lever 3-4 hole for fixing the weight, the weight before and after the play action.

[0126] 此方案的实质是三角形结构,其中一个边固定地面,另外两边可调,凡是和本发明原理相似或者结构的,皆属于本发明范畴。 Essence [0126] This scheme is a triangle configuration, wherein a ground side fixed, the other two sides is adjustable, and the principles of the present invention, all or a similar structure, belong to the scope of the present invention. 材料可用钢、铁、铝合金、铜合金、工程塑料等制作,只要能保证牢固程度和不易被腐蚀。 Material may be steel, iron, aluminum, copper alloys, and other engineering plastics production, to ensure that as strong and as long as less susceptible to corrosion.

[0127] 特殊四边形机构和底部支撑系统配合,如图15所示。 [0127] Special quadrilateral mechanism and with a bottom support system, shown in Figure 15. 图15中,0是本发明的单台定日镜系统,为了看清没有安装镜面。 15, 0 is a single heliostat system of the present invention, in order to see the mirror is not installed. T是目标接收器,S是太阳。 T is the target receiver, S is the sun. 通过本系统,清晰地、简易地表达了太阳、目标、定日镜三者的几何关系。 Through this system, a clear, simple expression of the sun, targets, geometrical relationship heliostat three. 安装的时候,如果距离目标比较远,可利用激光笔绑定在固定臂上,观察激光斑在目标位置,来定位固定臂。 When installed, if the comparison is far from the target, using a laser pointer can be bound to the fixed arm, to observe the laser spot at the target position, is positioned and fixed to the arm. 三角形机构与底部支撑系统配合类似不再赘述。 Triangular bottom support mechanism system with similar omitted. [0128] 方案2顶部型支撑架 [0128] Scheme 2 a top-shaped support frame

[0129] 顶部型支撑架结构与底部型类似,同样由支撑柱,调节杆和固定杆组成一个两边可调的三角形。 [0129] Top-shaped support frame structure and a bottom similar type, by the same support column, consisting of adjusting lever and a fixed rod adjustable on both sides of a triangle. 如图14所示,其结构与图13类似,只是顶部型是吊在钢架上,所以图14中的插活动特殊四边形或者三角形的轴的轴筒与图13不同,不像图13是在靠近柱子的方管一端,而是在方管的另外一端。 As shown, which is similar to structure 14 shown in FIG. 13, but is suspended from the top of the steel type, so that the shaft insertion events special triangular or quadrilateral in FIG. 14 and FIG. 13 different cylindrical axis, unlike in FIG. 13 is One end of the pipe close to the column, but in the other end side of the tube. 柱子的固定孔也不同,而是在柱子上方。 Column fixing hole is different, but above the column. 其他结构与图13 类似,不再赘述。 Other structures similar to FIG. 13, omitted.

[0130] 单台定日镜,特殊四边形、三角形机构和顶部支架配合与图15类似,只不过一个在底部,一个在顶部,其定日原理都是一样的,在此不再赘述。 [0130] Single heliostats, special quadrangular, triangular with the top bracket, and means similar to FIG. 15, only one on the bottom, one at the top, which is the same heliostat principle, are not repeated here.

[0131] 需要强调,无论是底部型支撑架,还是顶部型支撑架,可以安插活动特殊四边形或者三角形机构三种方案任意一种,这两个部件是相对独立的。 [0131] It is emphasized, either a bottom-shaped support frame, or the top-shaped support frame, a special event may be quadrangular or triangular placement means any of the three options, the two members are relatively independent.

[0132] 镜面自洁结构 [0132] Self-cleaning mirror structure

[0133] 定日镜长期置于室外,容易落灰尘,镜面着灰反射能力下降,且随时间积累越发严重,最坏可超过30-40%。 [0133] long heliostat placed outdoors, the dust off easily, the gray specular reflectance decreases with time and the accumulation of the more serious, the worst may exceed 30-40%. 清洗工作量大,耗费水资源,为此需要自洁机构。 Cleaning workload, cost of water, which requires self-cleaning mechanism. 本发明充分利用几何机构协动的优势,利用特殊四边形或者三角形活动臂和固定臂两者相对于镜面的夹角变化,驱动一个连杆,用类似于汽车雨刷的长条型灰尘刷刷镜面。 The present invention take advantage of the geometry mechanism in cooperation, triangular or quadrangular using both special fixed arm and the movable arm with respect to the angle variation mirror, a drive rod, similar to a car with a mirror wiper brush elongated type dust.

[0134] 图16所示的是特殊四边形连动机构上,安装了自洁机构。 It is on a particular quadrilateral linkage mechanism, is mounted in a self-cleaning mechanism as shown in [0134] 16 FIG. 自洁机构包括与活动臂1通过轴连接的杆102,它的作用是当活动臂1绕与固定臂连接轴运动时,获得推拉力驱动灰尘刷。 Self-cleaning mechanism comprises a lever connected to the shaft 102 by a moveable arm, its role is the shaft 1 when the movable arm connected to the fixed arm about the motion, to obtain a push-pull driver dust brush. 灰尘刷有三个部分组成,131是多条并行刷条的刷杆,132是刷子其接触镜面部分, 可以由各类橡胶、有一定摩擦力的塑料,或者金属做成,紧贴镜面来回铲刮去除灰尘。 Dust brush consists of three parts, a plurality of stems 131 are parallel brush bar, the brush 132 is in contact with the mirror portion thereof, may be made of various kinds of rubber, plastic certain friction, or made of metal, scraping against the mirror back and forth remove dust. 由于杆102运动范围有限,刷子并排若干,这样可照顾到绝大部分镜面,不留死角。 Due to the limited range of motion of the rod 102, a number of parallel brushes, which can take care of most of the mirror, leaving no. 杆102与刷子,通过刷子中间的轴133连接,杆102可绕轴运动。 The brush rod 102, the intermediate shaft 133 via a brush connector, the lever 102 is rotatable about axis motion. 为了让刷子有一定的力紧贴镜面,在活动臂和杆102之间有拉紧弹簧104。 To make the brush has a certain force against the mirror, between the movable arm 102 and the lever 104 has a tension spring.

[0135] 另外一侧安装于固定臂上的刷子同理,不再赘述,这样两边的镜面在定日过程中即得到清理,也可在定期做一次完整运动,让特殊四边形充分打开和关闭,刷子完整在镜面刷一遍保持清洁。 [0135] Also mounted on the side of the brush arm fixed Similarly, omitted, so that both sides of the mirror to obtain the heliostats cleaning process may also be done in a full motion periodically, so special quadrilateral fully opened and closed, Full brush brush clean the mirror. 由于刷子截面积很小,所以不会遮挡多少阳光,无需收起。 Since the cross-sectional area is very small brush, how much sunlight it will not block without away.

[0136] 三角形机构自洁机构与特殊四边形类似,不再赘述,同样属于本发明范畴。 [0136] triangular self-cleaning mechanism similar to the mechanism of special quadrilateral, omitted, also belong to the scope of the invention.

[0137] 本发明自洁镜面的刷子靠特殊四边形或则三角形机构驱动,无需额外驱动机构和定时控制系统,成本低廉,效果显著,是现有定日镜方案无法比拟的。 Self-cleaning brush mirror invention [0137] present on the particular triangular or quadrangular drive mechanism, no additional drive mechanism and a timing control systems, low-cost, a significant effect, existing programs heliostat unmatched.

[0138] 本发明的连动定日镜阵列装置的工作原理 [0138] principle of the interlocking heliostat array apparatus of the present invention.

[0139] 本发明能够在两个维度连动的内在基础有两个: [0139] The present invention is able to connect the movable base has two inherent in two dimensions:

[0140] 1.在同一定日镜场内,由于太阳距离我们非常遥远,太阳与每台定日镜中心连线几乎是平行线,或者说对于场地内每台定日镜光线方向是一致的,差别小到可以忽略不计。 [0140] 1. In certain same heliostat field, since the sun is far away from us, the sun and the line connecting the centers of each heliostat is almost parallel lines, or for each beam direction in the heliostat field is consistent , a small difference to be negligible. 本发明前面所述的特殊四边形、三角的活动臂代表了光线方向,既然临近多台受光方向是一致的、平行的,就可以用一个机构连接起来同步运动,只需保证所有活动臂不管如何连动始终保持平行即可,这样一个指向光源别的自然指向光源,而这在几何上是完全可实现的。 Special quadrilateral, triangular front movable arm according to the present invention represents the direction of the light, since a plurality of adjacent light-receiving direction is consistent, parallel, synchronous movement can be connected with a mechanism, only to ensure that all the movable arm connected regardless moving always remain parallel to such a point light source at a light source other nature, which is geometrically completely achievable.

[0141] 2.本发明的定日运动是驱动特殊四边形、三角机构的活动臂,活动臂可绕固定的旋转中心两轴作圆周运动,驱动机构。 Heliostat motion [0141] 2. The present invention is a driving special quadrilateral, triangular mechanism movable arm, the movable arm about a fixed rotation center axis of two circular motion, the driving mechanism. 要使活动臂运动,其上端垂直于活动臂径向需施力, 但由于臂本身由两个轴固定,只能绕轴运动,因装置被底座固定,施加轴向的力机构不会运动,所以径向和轴向组成的合力可以始终是平行于地面的推力或者拉力。 For moving the movable arm, which is perpendicular to the upper movable arm radial force needed, but since the arm itself is secured by the two axes, only the movement about the axis, because the device is fixed to a base, an axial force is applied the mechanism does not move, Therefore, radial and axial forces can always be composed of the ground parallel to the thrust or pulling force. 由于活动臂可绕两轴转动,力可以朝水平面的两个维度的任意方向,实现了两维连动。 Since the movable arm is rotatable about two axes, the force may be in any direction in a horizontal plane in two dimensions to achieve a two-dimensional linkage.

[0142] 本发明的定日镜如果要多台连动,主要有两种方案,各有特点: [0142] If the heliostat to the present invention, a plurality of connections, there are two main solutions have their own characteristics:

[0143] 一、共享跟踪信号,但独立驱动,是不完全连动 [0143] First, the shared tracking signal, but independently driven, incomplete interlocking

[0144] 不将定日镜用连动机构连接,每台单独驱动。 [0144] The heliostats are not connected by a linking mechanism, each individual drive. 由于每台定日镜,活动臂指向都是太阳,是一致的,所以只要初始化活动臂平行,然后用共用的跟踪器开始跟踪。 Because each heliostat sun movable arm is directed, it is the same, so long as the arm is parallel to the initialization, then start tracing common tracker. 跟踪器安装在其中某一台上,跟踪信号产生电机驱动信号,送到所有的定日镜的步进电机,电机驱动活动臂,统一运动。 A track mounted on the stage where the tracking signal generating motor driving signals to all heliostats stepper motor, the motor driving the movable arm, uniform motion. 由于活动臂初始是平行的,后面又共享电机运动信号,电机旋转角度始终一致,所以可以保证活动臂方向始终是一致的,每台都能正确完成定日运动。 Since the initial activity is parallel arm, back and shared motor movement signal, the motor rotation angle consistent, it is possible to ensure that the movable arm is always the same direction, each heliostat movement can be completed correctly. 这样做,每套定日镜省去了跟踪装置,共享一套跟踪装置,利用了上面阐述的连动基础中的第一点,但没有用到第二点。 In doing so, each heliostat omitted tracking device, a tracking device shared by the first point of the base of the interlocking set forth above, but not used in the second point.

[0145] 定日开始或者结束,可重新做一次同步,使活动臂再次平行,避免累计误差。 [0145] heliostats starts or ends, do a re-synchronization, again parallel to the movable arm, to avoid accumulative error.

[0146] 二、共享跟踪信号,连动共享运动,是完全连动 [0146] Second, the shared tracking signal, shared motion linkage, the linkage is entirely

[0147] 连动结构主要功能是让多台本发明的定日镜共享所有运动,组成一个统一协调运动的阵列。 [0147] The main structure of the interlocking function is to allow a plurality of heliostats present invention all sharing movement, to form a unified and coordinated movement of the array. 这样在一个阵列内,只需一套跟踪系统电路和少数几套驱动机构就能驱动整个阵列,能够大幅度降低成本,使得本发明更具商业前景。 Thus in one array, a tracking system circuit and only a few sets of drive means drive the entire array, the cost can be greatly reduced, so that the present invention is more commercial prospects.

[0148] 从数学上分析,如图17,考虑一个最简单的三台定日镜组成的任意三角阵列分布单元。 [0148] From the mathematical analysis, Figure 17, consider an arbitrary distribution unit a triangular array of three heliostat simple composition. 定日镜采用三角形分布,那么三台定日镜活动臂上端组成的两维连杆结构也是三角形,三角形的连接结构稳固、不变形。 Heliostat triangular profile, the two three-dimensional structure of the link arm end of the heliostat activity is composed of a triangle, the triangle connecting structure firmly, deformation. 其他超过三台以上的分布,都可以分解成共边的三角形结构,其原理适用对三角形分布结构说明,不用一一说明。 Other than the above three distribution can be decomposed into the side of the triangular structure altogether, the principle applies to a triangular distribution structure description, without setting them. 图中1表示活动臂及延长线, 200是固定旋转中心组成的虚拟三角形面,虚拟面200在定日镜安装并设置好目标后就固定不动不再变化,300是连杆面,由连杆构成。 Figure 1 indicates the active line and the extension arm 200 is fixed to the rotation center of a virtual triangle composed of virtual mounting surface 200 and set the target does not change after the immobilized heliostat, the link 300 is a face, even the rod constitute. 连杆面是驱动面有驱动机构,由它是带动所有活动臂。 Link surface is a drive surface drive mechanism, which is driven by the arm all activities. 随着光源位置的变化,连杆面做相应移动,带动所有活动臂对准光源。 As the light source changes position, a corresponding movement of the link surfaces, the movable arm driving all aiming light source. 连杆可以安装活动臂上或者下延长线上,如果在旋转中心下方,所以连杆面300也可以在虚拟面200 下方。 Link may be mounted on the mobile arm or the extension line, if below the center of rotation, so that a virtual plane 300 may be below the surface 200 link. 如果初始状态三根活动臂1平行,由于侧面是四边形,两台臂1长度相等且平行,则该四边形是平行四边形,则有AB = A' B'且二者平行,同理BC = B' C' ,Ck = C' A' 且平行。 If the initial state of the three parallel arm is 1, the side surface is a quadrangle, two equal and parallel arm length 1, the quadrilateral is a parallelogram, there is AB = A 'B' and two parallel, empathy BC = B 'C ', Ck = C' A 'and parallel. 那么三角形ABC和三角形A' B' C'的三边相等是全等三角形,而且由于三边平行,可知三角形ABC和三角形A' B' C'所在的平面平行。 Then the triangle ABC and the triangle A 'B' C 'is equal to three sides congruent triangles, and because parallel triangular, seen triangle ABC and the triangle A' plane B 'C' is located parallel.

[0149] 容易证明,连杆面300在运动过程中,只要保持AB与A' B'始终平行,那么三个活动臂1(也就是AA' ,BB',CC')始终保持平行,达到了连动的目的,保持所有活动臂指向一致。 [0149] easy to prove that the link surface 300 during movement, as long as they AB and A 'B' is always parallel, the three arms 1 activity (i.e. AA ', BB', CC ') remain parallel, to the object linking and active arm holding all consistent points. 保持AB与A' B'始终平行,需要三角形3运动中不能饶任何点旋转,如果三角形3绕任何点旋转,三角形2和3相对扭动,则三台臂1不再平行,需要采用特殊装置或者驱动方式避免。 Holding AB and A 'B' is always parallel, need not spare triangle 3 at any point in the motion of rotation, if any triangle 3 is rotated about the point of the triangle 2 and 3 relative twist, the three arms 1 are no longer parallel, a special apparatus need or to avoid drive.

[0150] 为了组成更大的阵列,采取多个共边三角形的阵列分布如图18所示。 [0150] In order to form a larger array, a plurality of co-take of an equilateral triangle array distribution shown in Figure 18. 特殊四边形或者三角形结构的活动臂及延长线1,长度必须一样。 Special triangular or quadrangular movable arm structure and the extension line 1, must be the same length. 200是特殊四边形或者三角形结构固定旋转中心组成的三维虚拟面,虚拟面形状由三个因素决定:水平由阵列分布形状决定。 Special three-dimensional virtual plane 200 is fixed rotational center of the triangle or quadrilateral structures, the virtual surface shape determined by three factors: the level determined by the shape arrayed. 高低由两个因素决定:一是阵列中定日镜因地面不平初始高低不尽相同;二是每台固定臂需要指向目标,其朝向、仰角都不同,旋转中心设置高低不同,二者决定了旋转中心高低有一定随机性。 Level is determined by two factors: First, the array due to uneven ground heliostats different initial level; per second is required fixed arm to the target, its orientation, the elevation angle is different, the rotation center set high and low, both determined the center of rotation have a certain level of randomness. 总体三维虚拟面200形状有一定的随机性。 The overall shape of the three-dimensional virtual surface 200 has a certain randomness. 一旦安装完成固定好,虚拟面200 就不再变化。 Once installed properly fixed, the virtual surface 200 will not change. 上曲面300由连杆组成,该面很难预制好,必须等各台定日镜安装到位,固定臂对准目标虚拟面200确定之后再构建。 Composition on the surface 300 by a connecting rod, the prefabricated hard surfaces, and other heliostats must place, the fixed arm at the target surface after build virtual 200 determines again. 所有定日镜活动臂长度一致,初始平行朝向一致。 All activities heliostats same arm length, parallel to the initial orientation consistent. 图17的大阵列分解成多个小的三角形单元,由单个三角形单元分析可知,每个单元上下三角形完全一致且平行,因此多个小单元共边组成的大曲面,也就是图17中的虚拟面200和连杆面300也必然完全一致。 FIG 17 is a large array into a plurality of small triangular section, a single triangular element analysis, each cell identical and parallel upper and lower triangles, so a plurality of small units composed of a large edge-surface, which is virtual in FIG. 17 surface 200 and the surface 300 is bound to link exactly. 虚拟面200先确定,再将所有活动臂设置成朝向一致,最后再构造连杆面。 First virtual plane 200 is determined, then all of the movable arm arranged to face the same direction, and finally link structure surface. 因此连杆面的连杆长度必须可调,必须现场安装。 Thus the link length of the link to be adjustable surface, must be on-site installation. 对微型阵列,可在产品中目标固定,那么连杆是可以预置的,所有器件出厂既是成品,即装即用。 For micro arrays, the target may be fixed to the product, then the link can be preset, both the factory finished all devices, i.e. the box. 连杆与活动臂的连接需要特殊设计的连接器。 Connecting rod and the movable arm requires specially designed connector. 从数学上很容易证明,连杆面本身可以认为是个刚体,但有可能相对于虚拟面200发生旋转。 It is easy to prove mathematically that link surface itself can be considered as a rigid body, but there may be relative to the virtual plane 200 is rotated. 一旦发生旋转所有活动臂不再平行,是需要避免的,所以需要特殊的装置防止面扭转。 Once all of the movable arm is rotated no longer parallel, are to be avoided, it requires a special surface prevents twisting. 如果不安装防扭装置,可采取多点施力驱动方式,多点施力后连杆面被多点牵拉,运动被限定不会发生扭转。 If no anti-twist mounting means may take the multi-mode drive force, urging the multi-point multi-point link is pulled surface, torsional movement is not defined.

[0151] 连杆面一旦连接固定,是一个刚体,连杆面只能平移不能旋转。 [0151] Once the link is connected and fixed surface is a rigid body, the surface can only be translated link can not be rotated. 连杆面平移运动, 不旋转,活动臂1始终是平行的,所以只要其中一个指向太阳,别的也跟着指向太阳。 Link plane translational movement, without rotation, the movable arm 1 is always parallel, so long as one of the points to the sun, the other solar followed point. 一旦指向太阳,固定臂活动臂组成的特殊四边形机构或者三角形内置的几何关系满足反射定律,定日过程自动就完成了,所有定日镜达到了共享了控制和运动量的目的。 Once pointed toward the sun, a special fixed arm quadrilateral mechanism consisting of the moveable arm or triangular geometric relationship built satisfy the law of reflection, the heliostat process automatically completed, all heliostats achieve the object of the shared control and motion amount.

[0152] 为了增加稳固程度,可以选择性在活动臂延长线上下都安装连杆,如图17中上连杆面300和下连杆面400构成连杆系统,同时驱动两个面,这样可更加稳定。 [0152] In order to increase the degree of stability, can be selectively installed on the extended line of the link arm with the upper link surface 300 and the surfaces 400 constituting the lower link rod system 17, a drive both surfaces, which can more stable.

[0153] 虽然单个单元是三角形分布,但阵列整体可以是三角形,方形,特殊四边形,六角形等,这些都可以分解成三角形,都属于本发明范畴,不再赘述。 [0153] While a single unit is a triangular distribution, but the overall array may be triangular, square, special quadrilateral, hexagonal, etc., which can be resolved into triangles, they belong to the scope of the present invention, will not be repeated.

[0154] 多台连动需要特制连杆、连杆与活动臂连接器、连动驱动装置,本发明中按照原理部分给出具体案,但不限于此方案,凡是类似原理分析部分的装置都属于本发明范畴。 [0154] plurality of interlocking requires specialized connecting rod, the movable arm connector means similar principles all analysis section interlock drive means of the present invention according to the principles given in the specific portion of the text, but not limited to solutions, are It falls within the scope of the present invention. 多台连动好处是可以共享一套跟踪和电机设备,更充分利用机械定日的优势,更进一步地降低成本。 Multiple benefits are linked to share a track and electrical equipment, machinery fuller advantage of Tingri, and further reduce costs.

[0155] 阵列连动用连杆 [0155] Even the use of an array link

[0156] 由图18的数学原理分析可知,连杆面是个由多个三角形组成的曲面,每条边的长度略有差异。 [0156] Analysis by the mathematical principle of FIG. 18 shows that the link surface is composed of a plurality of triangular surface, of slightly different length of each side. 地面本身不平,加上与目标位置差异,连杆曲面无法预制,必须现场安装调整。 Uneven ground itself, plus the difference between the target position, the connecting rod surfaces can not be prefabricated, you must be on-site installation and adjustment. 这就需要长度能够无级可调的连杆,调整好后其长度不能随意改变,即便施加很大的力。 This requires steplessly adjustable length link, adjust the length thereof can not change, even if a large force is applied. 定日镜精度要求比较高,虽然允许一定的误差,但此误差范围很小。 Heliostat relatively high precision, while allowing a certain degree of error, but this error is minimal.

[0157] 本发明的长度可调连杆如图19所示,其原理利用一个套管,套管内径比连杆大, 套管两端是两根连杆与之相连。 Length [0157] of the present invention, an adjustable link shown in FIG. 19, using the principle of a sleeve that is larger than the inner diameter of the rod, both ends of the sleeve is a two links connected thereto. 套管一端与连杆连接处有螺纹可旋转伸缩,另外一端可旋转但不会伸缩,使得杆的长度可无级可调。 One end of the connecting rod and the sleeve threaded rotatable retractable, the other end rotatably but not scalable, such that the length of the rod can be stepless adjustable. 本发明的方案只是一种实现方法,原理相同的都属本发明范围内。 Embodiment of the present invention is only one implementation method, are considered within the same scope of the principles of the present invention.

[0158] 套管51内径比连杆粗,无螺纹。 [0158] the inner diameter of the sleeve 51 is thicker than the connecting rod, unthreaded. 内螺纹管52内部有螺纹。 Inside of the inner tube 52 has a threaded screw. 拉杆53头部有一定长度的外螺纹,52焊接在套管51 —端的头部,拉杆53头部螺纹可旋入或者旋出,这样整个杆的长度可改变。 53 rod head has a length of external threads, the sleeve 52 is welded 51-- head end, the head of the threaded rod 53 may be screwed into or screwed out so that the entire length of the rod can vary. M是短套筒,焊接在套管51另一端,连杆55塞入套筒M,然后在其两端焊接环56、57,这样55、56、57成为一个整体,套筒M可以旋转但无法前后运动,前后被环56、 57挡住。 M is the short sleeve, sleeve 51 is welded to the other end of the connecting rod 55 inserted into the sleeve M, and then welded at its ends rings 56, 57, 55, 56, such as a whole, but the sleeve can rotate M not backward movement, the front and rear rings 56, 57 block. 最后将套筒M焊接到套管51上。 Finally, the sleeve M is welded to the sleeve 51.

[0159] 这样的设计保证了长短在一段范围内无级可调,而且连接非常牢固,不会因受到撞击或者很大的拉力而发生长度变化。 [0159] Such a design ensures in length infinitely adjustable within a range, and the connection is very strong, will not pull by the impact or large changes in length. 连杆的材料可用比较坚固的钢、铁、工程塑料、铝合金等制作,看阵列规模大小而定。 Link material available relatively strong steel, iron, plastic, aluminum alloy production, the array size may be watching. 与本连杆原理相同的都属本发明范围内。 A link within the same scope of the principles of the present invention are considered. [0160] 连杆连接器 [0160] The connector link

[0161] 连接器是用来连接活动臂和众多连杆的。 [0161] The connector is used to connect a number of movable arms and links. 要求:一、能让连杆面在运动中保持不变,二、与活动臂连接但能让活动臂在连接处灵活运动,三、转动中连接中心不会上下变化, 或者变化很小可以忽略不计。 Requirements: First, let link area constant in motion, two, connected to the active arm but allow flexible movement of the movable arm at the junction of three rotation center of the connector will not change down, or a change is negligibly small Excluding. 由图18的数学分析可知,连杆组成的面是个由多个三角形组成的近似曲面,连接同一个活动臂的连杆可能不在一个平面内,而且各连杆夹角不一定相等,可能有小的差别。 Mathematical analysis can be seen from FIG. 18, the surface of the rod is composed of a plurality of triangles approximate curved surface is connected with a moveable arm of the inner link may not be a plane, but not necessarily equal to the angle of each link, there may be small difference. 为了简单、有效地解决此问题,本发明创新给出了两种方案连接器,各有特点。 For simple and effective solution to this problem, the present invention presents two innovative solutions connectors, have their own characteristics.

[0162] 方案1:万向连接器 [0162] Scheme 1: universal joint

[0163] 如图20所示,带孔圆盘61是各连杆头连接的基本面,需要坚固材料制作,有六个方向。 [0163] 20, the apertured disc 61 of each link is connected to the first fundamental, strong material required, have six directions. 圆盘61上分布很多扇形固定孔,使固定螺栓可左右微调,让连杆之间角度可微调。 Many sector distribution disc 61 fixing hole, the fixing bolt about fine-tuning, so that the angle between the connecting rod can be adjusted. 连杆延长线一定通过圆盘61的圆心。 Link line must extend through the center of the disk 61. 鱼眼62是一个中间带孔的半球体,孔两侧部分削去一些,称鱼眼。 62 is a fish-eye hole of the intermediate hemisphere, slashing the number of pores both side portions, said fish-eye. 特殊四边形或者三角形活动臂上端插入此孔并固定,每台固定位置必须相同, 所有定日镜保证活动臂有效部分等长。 Special triangular or quadrangular end of the mobile arm into this hole and fixed, each fixed position must be the same, all heliostats ensure effective part of the movable arm of equal length. 球体紧贴圆盘61中间球套,被球套包住,可任意方向自由转动,但无法脱出,这样活动臂与连杆面可成任意角度。 Intermediate disc 61 against the spherical ball sleeve, ball sleeve encased, can freely rotate in any direction, but can not prolapse, so that the movable arm and the link surface can be at any angle. 为了调节角度更大,鱼眼62 的孔尽量小。 In order to adjust the angle larger, fish-eye hole 62 as small as possible. 固定螺栓63通过反面的螺帽固定连杆头65。 A fixing bolt 63 through the head nut 65 opposite the fixed link. 螺栓64穿过圆盘61边缘的带螺纹小孔可上下调整,用于调整连杆头65与圆盘61的倾角。 Edge of the disk 61 through bolts 64 threaded apertures can be adjusted up or down, and the disc 61 for the head 65 reclining link. 连杆头65焊接在连杆末端的。 The link head 65 is welded to the end of the coupling.

[0164] 调整螺栓64,使得连杆头65与圆盘角度合适,然后再旋紧螺栓63固定连杆头65, 同时压紧螺栓64。 [0164] adjusting bolt 64, so that the link head and the disc 65 a right angle and then tightening the screw rod 63 is fixed to the head 65, while bolts 64. 连接器可用坚固的材料制作,比如钢、铁、工程塑料、铝合金等。 Connector available solid material, such as steel, iron, plastic, aluminum and the like. 鱼眼62 和套住它的轴套可用不锈钢、超高分子润滑材料等制作。 Trap fish eyes and its sleeve 62 of stainless steel is available, ultra-high molecular lubricating materials production.

[0165] 方案2:十字轴连接器 [0165] Scheme 2: cross shaft connector

[0166] 如图21所示,采用的是十字轴,十字轴的特点是可绕两个垂直的轴旋转,除此以外不再有额外运动,比万向球少了一个自旋运动。 [0166] As shown in FIG 21, the cross shaft is used, the characteristics of the cross shaft is rotatable about two orthogonal axes, except that no additional movement, less than a universal ball spin motion. 十字轴71有两个相互垂直且在同一平面内的轴,其中一个轴通过轴套一个固定在圆盘上,另外一个固定在门型件73上。 Cross shaft 71 has two mutually perpendicular axes in the same plane, wherein a shaft is fixed on a disc, another type fixed on the door member 73 through the sleeve. 门型器件73下部与特殊四边形或者三角形机构活动臂固定,而且每台固定位置必须相同。 Gate-type device 73 and a lower specific activity quadrangular or triangular arm fixing mechanism, and each fixed position must be the same. 连杆头72 与连杆固定,头部与连接器方案1中一样通过螺栓与圆盘接驳。 With the link rod head 72 is fixed, the head of the connector scheme 1 as connected with the disc by a bolt.

[0167] 连杆面防扭动结构 [0167] surface of the link structure whiplash

[0168] 当采取一套驱动机构驱动阵列时,该驱动机构一般放在阵列中央。 [0168] When taking a drive mechanism array, the driving mechanism is generally in the center of the array. 由于连杆面运动自由度大,很容易发生整体相对于地面或者阵列支架扭转。 Since the freedom of movement of the connecting rod big surface, it is prone to the entire array carrier relative to the ground or twisted. 整体扭转是需要避免的一种运动情况,有些情况下需要特殊的装置防止扭转,有些情况不需要,具体看采取何种连接器固定方式。 Is an overall torsional movement to be avoided, preventing the need for special equipment in some cases reversed, without the need for some, which connector fixedly take specific look. 如果需要防连杆面扭转,本发明列举一种实施方案,以3台组成的小型三角阵列为一个单元防扭转。 If desired anti-twist rod surface, one embodiment of the present invention include, to the small triangular array of three anti-twist as one unit.

[0169] 图22是三角单元连杆俯视示意图,1是定日镜活动臂,防扭动装置82放在三角形中央,通过三根杆与定日镜连杆面固定。 [0169] FIG. 22 is a schematic top view of a triangular cell link, the heliostat 1 is a moveable arm, twist-proof means 82 in the center of the triangle, the surface is fixed by three heliostat link rod. 如果82只能平移,不能旋转,则整个三角形只能平移无法旋转。 If the 82 translation only, can not rotate, it can only translate the entire triangle can not be rotated.

[0170] 图23是具体的防扭动的装置,该装置是一根可伸缩的万向轴,或者说是一个上下有十字轴81的杆83。 [0170] FIG. 23 is a specific anti-twist device, the device is a telescopic cardan shaft or rod 83 is a vertical cross shaft 81. 杆83长度可伸缩与两头两个十字轴一根轴相连,可绕十字轴转动。 The length of the telescopic bar 83 can be connected to two two spiders a shaft rotatable about a cross axis. 两头十字轴另外一轴与两头固定件82连接,其中一个固定件82与图22中的中央面板固定, 另外一头的固定件固定在地面或者阵列底座等不动的物体上,这样就起到了防止三角形单元旋转的目的,但又不影响平移运动。 Two cross shaft another shaft is connected to the two fixed member 82, wherein a fixing member central panel fixing 82 and FIG. 22, the other end of the fixing member is fixed to the stationary object surface or the array base, etc., so that it acts to prevent triangular element rotating object, without affecting the translational movement. [0171] 凡是采用类似该方案中的十字轴的方式,不论上下用几个十字轴,都属于本发明范畴。 [0171] Any cross shaft similar manner as in the embodiment, irrespective of the vertical cross shaft with a few, belong to the scope of the present invention.

[0172] 定日镜间阵列结构 [0172] between the heliostat array structure

[0173] 为了定日镜阵列便于安装,可直接放置于土地面,需要设计安插定日镜支撑柱的阵列结构,阵列结构的取决于上部连杆的分布形状。 [0173] In order heliostat array easy to install, can be placed directly on the land surface is necessary to design the placement of the heliostat array structure of the support column, array structure depends on the distribution shape of the upper link. 如果没有这个底部阵列,定日镜支撑柱需要膨胀螺栓等固定在钢筋混凝土地基上,不能直接插入泥土,更不能放在地上,非常麻烦。 Without the bottom of the array, a support column heliostats required expansion bolts or the like fixed on the concrete foundation, not directly into the soil, but not on the ground, very troublesome. 该阵列功能是:一、能够固定定日镜支撑柱,使其不能上下左右动。 The array functions are: a, can be fixed to the support column heliostats, they can not move up and down. 二、使阵列分布更有序,和连杆配合,大规模安装时不会乱。 Second, make the array more ordered distribution, and with the link, will be out large-scale installation. 三、方便安装,结构有扩展性,可以增加或者减少定日镜。 Third, easy to install, scalable structure, it may increase or decrease the heliostat.

[0174] 1.底部型支撑架定日镜间阵列 [0174] Inter-shaped support frame 1. The bottom heliostat array

[0175] 根据前面图18的连动阵列的数学分析,三角形分布是比较好的,连杆面由多个共边三角形构成的话在运动中不会变形。 [0175] According to the mathematical linkage array 18 of FIG preceding analysis, triangular distribution is relatively good, if the link surface constituted by a plurality of equilateral triangles were not deformed in motion. 因此,定日镜间阵列也设计成三角形分布。 Thus, between the heliostat array is also designed as a triangular distribution. 结构如图24,其边由上下两根等长度的长管子91,和侧边比较短的方管92组成。 Structure shown in Figure 24, the length of whose sides two vertical length of the tube 91 and the like, and a relatively short side 92 composed of square tubes. 方管92上下有椭圆形孔,可用长螺栓穿过图13中的支撑柱31底部孔与其固定。 Square tube with a vertical oblong hole 92, 31 can be used long bolts through the bottom hole of the support post 13 fixed thereto in FIG. 图13定日镜支撑柱31 被支撑架强力固定,不能上下左右移动,一个在中央的支撑柱最多可接六根边。 FIG 13 heliostat support post 31 is strongly fixed to the support frame, can not move around, can connect up to six sides of a center in the support posts. 阵列可直接放在地面上,如地面高低起伏,可在阵列底部支架上安装高度可调脚,阵列无需严格高低一致。 The array can be directly on the ground, such as the undulating ground, the height adjustable legs may be installed, the array need not be strictly in the same level of the bottom of the array holder. 以三角形为一个单元,可很容易扩展或收缩其规模。 Triangle as a unit, can be readily expand or shrink its size.

[0176] 图25是特殊四边形机构、底座、阵列机构、连杆面醉成的最小的三角单元的完整示意图,101为底部阵列,102为上面的连杆网,31为定日镜底部型支撑柱,31与101之间用螺栓固定。 [0176] FIG. 25 is a special quadrilateral mechanism, a complete schematic diagram of the base, an array of means, the smallest link face drunk triangular unit, bottom of the array 101, 102 is above the link network, a bottom 31 of heliostat-type support the fixing bolts between the column 31 and 101. 连杆网通过连接器与每台定日镜的活动臂1连接,固定臂2在安装的时候已经调整朝向目标。 Network through link connector and each heliostat a movable arm connected to the fixed arm 2 has been adjusted toward a target at the time of installation. 定日时通过连杆网带动活动臂1,镜面60反射阳光到目标。 When the arm is driven via a link network heliostat 1, sunlight reflecting mirror 60 to a target.

[0177] 三角形定日结构组成阵列与特殊四边形类似,不再赘述,都属于本发明范围。 [0177] triangular heliostat array to the particular structures similar to a quadrangle, omitted, are within the scope of the present invention.

[0178] 2.顶部型支撑架定日镜间阵列 [0178] 2 between the top support frame in heliostat arrays

[0179] 顶部型支撑架与底部型稍有不同,如图沈所示。 [0179] the top and the bottom support frame in a slightly different type, as shown in FIG sink. 为了横梁的更牢固,所以横梁是一根很长的整梁,顶部型支撑架固定在整梁上,间隔一定距离,组成一排。 In order to more firmly beam, it is a long beam of the whole beam, the whole top of the beam-shaped support frame is fixed, at a distance, to form a row. 如图,两排定日镜错开,使得两排间定日镜组成图中虚线表示的三角形。 As shown, two mirrors offset the scheduled day, so that between two rows of heliostats composition triangle dotted line in FIG. 图中阵列本身很简单,由两侧立柱111,和中间的横梁112组成,立柱底部固定在地面。 FIG array itself is very simple, the brackets on both sides 111, 112 and the intermediate beams composed of the bottom of the column fixed to the ground. 定日镜支撑柱固定在横梁112上,定日镜悬空,活动臂在镜面下方,所以连杆面也在定日镜下方。 Heliostat support post 112 fixed to the beam, the heliostat floating, movable arm below the mirror, the surface of the connecting rod also square heliostat microscope.

[0180] 三角形定日结构组成阵列与特殊四边形类似,不再赘述,都属于本发明范围。 [0180] triangular heliostat array to the particular structures similar to a quadrangle, omitted, are within the scope of the present invention.

[0181] 驱动系统 [0181] Drive System

[0182] 驱动机构120的运动也是绕两轴旋转和特殊四边形或者三角机构一样,只是结构更粗壮。 Movement [0182] The drive mechanism 120 is also special about the two axes of rotation, and a quadrangle or triangular bodies, but more sturdy structure. 图27是驱动机构示意图,蜗杆齿轮箱121提供绕轴IM旋转运动,推杆122提供绕轴123旋转运动。 FIG 27 is a schematic view of a drive mechanism, a worm gear box 121 to provide rotational movement about the axis IM, the push rod 122 to provide rotational movement about the axis 123. 这两个运动驱动臂125,驱动臂125功能类似于定日镜中的活动臂,上部的连接器通过连杆与其他定日镜连接,从而带动他们运动。 Both movement of the drive arm 125, the drive arm 125 is similar to the function of the heliostat moveable arm, the upper link through the connector to other heliostat motion so as to drive them. 只要驱动臂125对准太阳,定日镜活动臂被其带动也对准太阳。 As long as the drive arm 125 toward the sun, the heliostats which are also driven movable arm toward the sun.

[0183] 蜗杆齿轮箱和推杆,可以是机械驱动,也可以使液压驱动,具体根据需要。 [0183] The worm gear box and the push rod, can be a mechanical drive, hydraulic drive may be made, according to the specific needs.

[0184] 根据驱动方式不同,可以分成不同的驱动实施方案: [0184] Depending on driving mode, driving can be divided into different embodiments:

[0185] 方案1,单点驱动阵列: [0185] Scheme 1, a single point drive arrays:

[0186] 整个阵列只有由一套驱动装置,如图28小型阵列由靠中央的驱动机构120驱动,驱动机构活动臂通过连杆与其他定日镜活动臂相连,带动他们运动。 [0186] Only the whole array by a set of drive means 28 are connected by a small array 120 by driving the driving mechanism of the movable arm driving mechanism through the central rod and the other arm heliostats activity, they promote the motion. 驱动机构驱动其活动臂,使其对准太阳,通过连杆系统它将把运动传递给定日镜阵列,使所有定日镜活动臂统一指向太阳,完成定日功能。 Movable arm driving mechanism thereof, to align the sun, the movement is transmitted to the heliostat array via a linkage system which will enable all the heliostat sun pointing arm is unified, complete function heliostats.

[0187] 可用与阵列规模匹配功率的电机驱动,配置一定比例的变速箱,使得两轴的最小转角都控制在要求的范围内,距离目标越远,精度要求越高,最小转角要求越小。 [0187] available array size to match the motor driving power, a certain proportion of transmission configuration, such that the minimum angle of the two axes are controlled within the required range, the farther from the target, the higher the accuracy, the smaller the minimum angle requirement.

[0188] 系统跟踪只需满足驱动机构活动臂对准太阳即可,所以可设计开环跟踪利用GPS 数据计算,开环稳定不受光强影响,再结合安放在活动臂上的光敏器件做精度更高的闭环跟踪。 [0188] Tracking systems meet only the drive mechanism to the movable arm toward the sun, it is possible to design a tracking loop calculation using the GPS data, the open-loop stable against light intensities, then placed in conjunction with the mobile arm to do the precision more sensitive device high closed-loop tracking. 阳光跟踪的精度可以做得很高,比如0.01°。 Sun tracking accuracy can be made very high, such as 0.01 °. 虽然连杆加工和安装误差会带入一定可控误差,但系统总体精度可以控制在一个相对较高的范围,完全满足现有的塔式发电的应用。 Although the link error processing and installation error will bring a certain controllable, but the overall system accuracy can be controlled in a relatively high range, satisfy existing power tower application.

[0189] 方案2,多点驱动阵列: [0189] Scheme 2, the multi-point drive array:

[0190] 如果阵列比较大,要求运行比较稳定,那么一个阵列需要多套驱动设备,这样力的分布才均勻,能防止连杆面扭转,系统可靠性更高,但运动控制难度加大。 [0190] If the array is relatively large, stable operation requirements, then the array requires a plurality sets of drive apparatus, such a uniform distribution of forces it is possible to prevent twisting surface link, system reliability, but more difficult to control the motion. 同时多点驱动还能避免一些单点驱动带来的一些复杂的问题,比如必须安装防扭动装置。 Simultaneous multi-point drive can avoid some of the complex problems caused by driving a single point, such as anti-twist device must be installed. 只要在阵列的各个角落设置驱动,通过协调来推拉力驱动整个系统。 Just set in every corner of the array is driven by a push-pull drive by coordinating the whole system. 多套设备之间必必须有很好的控制系统,做到运动的协调和同步,这是比较困难的,否则连杆受力不均,会引起连杆的损坏。 There will be good between multiple sets of equipment control system, coordination and synchronization of movement to do, it is more difficult, or link uneven force will cause damage to the connecting rod.

[0191] 如图29,由121台定日镜组成的六角形阵列,六角形的6个顶点处是驱动机构120,6个驱动机构的活动臂与121台定日镜活动臂通过连杆相连。 [0191] FIG. 29, a hexagonal array of heliostats 121 consisting of six hexagonal apex is movable arm driving mechanism 120, six driving mechanism 121 and the heliostats arm is connected by a connecting rod . 动力机构通过统一的控制系统控制,其运动是完全一致的,这样才能保证复杂的连杆面保持不变形并且稳定前后左右平移而没有旋转,连杆面的运动带动121台定日镜的活动臂。 Power mechanism through a unified control system, which is exactly the same movement, so as to ensure a complicated link surface around, and keep their shape stability and translation without rotation, movement of the drive rod face 121 of the movable arm heliostats .

[0192] 防风机构 [0192] Wind agencies

[0193] 大风的时候,每台镜面受力最终会反馈到连杆面上,众多镜面的力叠加,总的力是很大的。 [0193] When the wind, each mirror will eventually force feedback to the link plane, the superposition of many mirror force, the total force is great. 光靠四周的驱动臂固定连杆面是不够的,驱动机构容易损坏。 Alone fixed link surface around the drive arm is not enough, the driving mechanism is easily damaged. 为此,可以在整列周围添加额外的牵拉装置。 For this purpose, the device can add additional pulling around the entire column. 平时牵拉装置的钢丝绳与连杆面连接,但出于松弛状态,连杆面可自由活动,开启牵拉装置,自动收紧,从四周拉住整个连杆面。 Usually rope pulling device is connected to the link side, but for the relaxed state, the link freely movable surface, drawing means open automatically tightened, pulling the entire link from the surrounding surface.

[0194] 活动臂如何初始化平行及阵列规模受限因素 How [0194] the movable arm and parallel array initialization limited scale factors

[0195] 如图30,初始化时候,活动臂1可以采用一定的固定装置,调节成垂直水平面,既让重力线穿过活动臂二者重合,利用一定范围内重力线相互平行的特点初始化活动臂化成平行。 [0195] FIG. 30, the initialization time, the movable arm 1 may be used in certain fixing means, adjusted to vertical level, both for the two movable arms pass through the line of gravity coincides within a certain range by using gravity line parallel to each other characteristics initialization activity arm into parallel. 图30中,阵列展开1公里,由于地球直径很大越6390公里,铺开1公里的阵列,其重力线会有少许不平行,但夹角非常小,只有0.009°可以忽略不计。 30, expand the array 1 km, due to the large diameter of the Earth 6390 km, 1 km spread array, there will be some gravity line which is not parallel, but the angle is very small, only a negligible 0.009 °. 所有定日镜和多点驱动机构的活动臂全部调成垂直水平面后,用连杆连起来,然后撤除固定装置。 All multi heliostats and movable arm driving mechanism into a vertical level after all, with a link to link, then removed fixture. 连杆面运动由驱动机构的活动臂带动,在限定位置范围内连杆面只做两维平移不旋转,面高度是平移位置的函数,所有活动臂始终平行,驱动机构活动臂对准阳光,其他活动臂就对准阳光,完成定曰。 Link plane motion driven by the movable arm driving mechanism, in a limited range of positions only two dimensional translation link surface does not rotate, the surface height is a function of the translational position of all movable arm is always parallel to the sun light movable arm driving mechanism, other activities aligned with the sun on the arm, scheduled for completion said.

[0196] 由于阳光不是严格的平行光,其锥视角最大为16',而活动臂是严格平行的,某些对准阳光另外一些就不可能对准。 [0196] Since the sun light is not strictly parallel, having a cone angle of view up to 16 ', and the movable arm are strictly parallel alignment of the sun some others can not aligned. 在一定范围内阳光不平行引起的误差可以忽略不计,但范围一大误差就大,不可忽略不计。 In a certain range parallel to errors due to the sun is not negligible, but a large error range is large, it can not be ignored. 阵列外径规模在几十米到一千米之间是比较合适的。 Array size between the outer diameter of tens of meters to one thousand meters is more appropriate.

[0197] 整体应用实施例 Example [0197] overall application

[0198] 如图31,是选取具体实施中的某些方案组成的六角形大型阵列的截图,100是放在地面上的阵列间结构,有了它定日镜支撑柱无需水泥地基,而是与阵列间结构100固定直接放置于地面。 [0198] FIG 31 is a screenshot of a large array of hexagonal select certain aspects of specific embodiments of the composition, is between 100 array structure on the ground, with its support column without heliostat concrete foundation, but inter-array structure 100 is fixed directly placed on the ground. 300是定日镜上部连杆组成的连杆面,动力机构120就驱动这个面前后左右平移带动图中定日镜活动臂1,在六个角都有,T是目标。 Link surface 300 is composed of a heliostat upper link, the power mechanism 120 is driven to drive the front left and right posterior translation heliostats FIG moveable arm 1, has six corners, T is a target.

[0199] 机械连动定日镜阵列有非常广泛的应用前景,微型规模可替代蝶式,小型可用于聚光取暖供热和热水系统,大型可以用发电。 [0199] Mechanical interlocking heliostat array has a very broad application prospects, micro-scale butterfly Alternatively, small condenser can be used for heating and hot water heating systems, can be large-scale power generation.

[0200] 实施例1 : [0200] Example 1:

[0201] 微型塔式,可替代蝶式系统,在IOOOm2以下小型聚光应用中,可以达到蝶式聚光效果,但目标又可以不动,又比蝶式低矮轻巧,安装施工简易,抗风强。 [0201] mini-tower, butterfly alternative system, the following small IOOOm2 condensing applications, butterfly condensing effect can be achieved, but the target and can not move, low off than butterfly lightweight, easy installation and construction, anti- strong wind.

[0202] 单台定日镜:特殊四边形或者三角形活动结构采用ABS工程塑料制作。 [0202] Single heliostat: Special Events quadrangular or triangular structure with ABS plastics production. 每台定日镜镜面0. 6m*0. 6m,定日镜高度小于1米。 Each heliostat mirror 0. 6m * 0. 6m, heliostat height less than 1 m. 底部支撑底座用钢材或铝合金制作,可调水平自旋角与仰角,可支持^g以上重量。 A bottom support base steel or aluminum alloy, and spin angular elevation adjustable horizontal supports ^ g or more by weight.

[0203] 连动定日镜阵列:连杆连接器与连杆可采用不锈钢制作,能承受200kg拉力不变形。 [0203] interlocking heliostat array: the link rod connector can be made of stainless steel, is not able to withstand tensile deformation 200kg. 单台定日镜镜面面积0. 36m2,400台定日镜组成一个六角形阵列,镜面总面积144m2,阵列占地面积约200m2。 Single heliostat mirror area 0. 36m2,400 heliostats total composition of a hexagonal array, a mirror area of ​​144m2, an array area of ​​about 200m2. 由于连杆比较多,这种微型阵列适合在工厂预制好,预制的时候目标已经设定好,目标也一起做好。 As more link, this microarray for the factory prefabricated, precast when the goal has been set, the goal is also to do together. 安装的时候直接整个阵列放置于地面即可,阵列由中央一套驱动机构驱动。 When mounted directly placed on the ground to the entire array, the array is driven by a central driving mechanism. 阵列可安装在楼顶,塔高度和距离满足工厂预制设定,阵列离塔5-30米的范围内,必须安装在面朝南方的半圆内。 Array may be installed in the roof, tower height and distance satisfy prefabricated factory setting, in the range of 5-30 meters away from the array of towers, it must be installed in a south-facing semicircle.

[0204] 接收器:可以是小型热水锅炉,也可以是30kw-100kw的斯特林发动机直接发电。 [0204] Receiver: may be a small hot water boiler, may be 30kw-100kw direct power of the Stirling engine.

[0205] 实施例2 : [0205] Example 2:

[0206] 一个小型输出500kw的中温热应用,可供200户家庭取暖,热水供应。 [0206] in the hot application of a small output of 500kw, 200 for home heating and hot water supply.

[0207] 单台定日镜:特殊四边形或者三角形活动结构采用铝合金制作。 [0207] Single heliostat: Special Events quadrangular or triangular structure aluminum production. 支架可支撑1. 6m*l. 6m的镜面,镜面可以分成左右两块,放置在支架上两侧。 Stand supports 1. 6m * l. 6m mirror, the mirror can be divided into two left and right, both placed on the cradle. 底部支撑底座用钢材制作, 可调水平自旋角与仰角,可支持50kg以上重量。 A bottom support base made of steel, and the spin angular elevation adjustable horizontal supports 50kg weight or more.

[0208] 连动定日镜阵列:连杆连接器与连杆可采用不锈钢制作,能承受2吨拉力不变形。 [0208] interlocking heliostat array: the link rod connector can be made of stainless steel, able to withstand without deformation 2 tons force. 单台定日镜镜面面积1. 6mxl. 6m = 2. 56m2, 200台定日镜组成一个六角形大阵列。 Single heliostat mirror area 1. 6mxl. 6m = 2. 56m2, 200 heliostats to form a large array of hexagonal. 镜面总面积512m2,阵列占地面积约800m2。 The total area of ​​the mirror 512m2, an array area of ​​about 800m2. 阵列由六角形的六个顶点驱动机构协调驱动。 Vertex array coordinated by six hexagonal drive mechanism driving. 阵列可安装在以塔为圆心,离塔30-150米的扇形范围内,必须安装在面朝南方的半圆内。 Array may be mounted to the tower as the center, away from the tower segment 30 to 150 meters, must be installed in a south-facing semicircle.

[0209] 安装3组这样的定日镜阵列,镜面总面积1536m2,占地面积MOOm2。 [0209] installation of three sets heliostat array, the total area of ​​the mirror 1536m2, area MOOm2. 按照年均太阳功率750W/m2计算,采光功率1152KW,实际比这要小,因为有余弦效应,但已经预留空间防止镜子前后遮挡。 Calculated in accordance with the annual solar power 750W / m2, light power 1152KW, actually less than this, because the cosine effect, but space has been reserved to prevent the front and rear shielding mirror. 阵列现场安装调试,所有固定臂对准目标后,采用特殊工具将活动臂初始设定成平行并固定,然后连接连杆,等连杆面做好撤掉固定活动臂的装置。 Array-site installation, all the fixed arm at the target, the use of special tools initially set to be parallel to the movable arm and fixed, and the connecting link, and so do the link face of the moveable arm fixing apparatus removed.

[0210] 热吸收塔:塔高40米,顶部吸收器面积5m2,聚光300倍,采用太阳能热吸收管,热吸收效率总体超过90%。 [0210] Thermal absorption tower: 40 m tower, an area of ​​5m2 top of the absorber, the condenser 300 times, using solar heat pipe, the heat absorption efficiency greater than 90% overall. 采用高温油,加热到150-200°,通过泵送到塔底的热交换器加热水,或者变成高温蒸汽供家庭取暖,或者工厂应用,总体效率高于80%以上。 High temperature oil heated to 150-200 °, by a pump to the bottom of the heat exchanger for heating water for home or a high temperature steam heating, or plant applications, the overall efficiency is higher than 80%.

[0211] 蓄热:为了晚上也有热量,需要蓄热装置,可用100吨保温水箱蓄热。 [0211] Regenerative: for the evening has heat required heat storage apparatus, the thermal storage tank insulation available 100 tons.

[0212] 虽然增加了高塔建设等支出,但其成本要比铺设1500m2的太阳能集热管要低,只有其1/2左右。 [0212] Although the increase in the construction of the tower and other expenses, but the cost of laying than 1500m2 of solar collector tube is lower, only about one half.

[0213] 实施例3: [0213] Example 3:

[0214] 大中型塔式热发电应用,输出功率5丽。 [0214] Tower and medium-sized thermoelectric power generation applications, the output power of 5 Li. [0215] 单台定日镜:特殊四边形或者三角形活动结构采用钢材制作,相对高大。 [0215] Single heliostat: Special Events quadrangular or triangular structure using steel production, relatively tall. 支架可支撑总面积为IOm2的镜面。 The total area of ​​the support bracket may IOm2 mirror. 底部支撑底座用钢材制作,可调水平自旋角与仰角,可支持500kg A bottom support base steel production, and spin angular elevation adjustable horizontal supports 500kg

以上重量。 More weight.

[0216] 连动定日镜阵列:连接连杆连接器与连杆可采用不锈钢制作,能承受20吨拉力不变形。 [0216] interlocking heliostat array: connecting link is connected with the link can be made of stainless steel, 20 t can withstand tensile deformation. 单台定日镜镜面面积10m2,1000台定日镜组成一个大的六角形阵列。 Single heliostat mirror area 10m2,1000 heliostats to form a large hexagonal array. 总镜面面积10000m2,阵列占地面积约13000m2。 The total area of ​​the mirror 10000m2, an array area of ​​about 13000m2. 阵列由六角形的六个顶点的驱动机构协调驱动,驱动采用大型液压设备统一协调。 An array coordinated by a drive mechanism driving the six vertices of the hexagonal, the use of large hydraulic drive apparatus harmonization. 阵列可安装在以塔为圆心,离塔60-400米的扇形范围内,必须安装在面朝南方的前半圆内。 Array may be mounted to the tower as the center, from the range of 60-400 meters tower fan must be installed in the front of the semicircle facing south.

[0217] 安装6组这样的定日镜阵列,镜面总面积60000m2,占地面积96000m2。 [0217] Group 6 mounted such heliostat arrays, a total area of ​​60000m2 mirror, it covers 96000m2. 按照年均太阳功率750W/m2计算,采光功率46MW,实际比这要小,因为有余弦效应和损失,但已经预留空间防止镜子前后遮挡。 Calculated in accordance with the annual solar power 750W / m2, light power 46MW, actually less than this, and because of the cosine effect of the loss, but has reserved space to prevent the front and rear shielding mirror. 阵列现场安装调试,所有固定臂对准目标后,采用特殊工具将活动臂初始设定成平行并固定,然后连接连杆,等连杆面做好撤掉固定活动臂的装置。 Array-site installation, all the fixed arm at the target, the use of special tools initially set to be parallel to the movable arm and fixed, and the connecting link, and so do the link face of the moveable arm fixing apparatus removed.

[0218] 热吸收塔:塔高150米,顶部吸收器面积80m2,聚光800倍,加热水到400°蒸汽, 热吸收效率超过90%。 [0218] heat absorber: 150 meters high tower, the top of the absorber area 80m2, collecting 800-fold, 400 ° heated water to steam, the heat absorption efficiency of over 90%. 采用蒸汽轮机发电,热电力转化效率20%以上,输出功率5MW电力。 Using steam turbine power generation, thermal power conversion efficiency of more than 20%, output power 5MW.

[0219] 蓄热:塔顶吸收器吸收的一半左右的热力储存起来,供晚上发电,采用混合型盐相变储热,300度左右熔融,储存在高温储热罐中。 [0219] Regenerative: overhead thermal absorption by about half stored for night power, hybrid-type phase change heat storage salt, melting 300 degrees, storage at high temperature heat storage tank.

[0220] 有益效果 [0220] beneficial effects

[0221] 1.采用几何方式表达定日关系,简化定日方法,消除部分误差,镜子由主动变协动,为连动提供基础。 [0221] 1. Using the expression geometrically relationship heliostats, the heliostat simplified method, eliminate some errors, mirror, provide a basis for interlocking the active variable in cooperation.

[0222] 以往的定日方法,都是想方设法让镜子动,所有的计算和传感器都围绕镜子该如何动。 [0222] conventional method of heliostats are trying to make the movable mirror, all the sensors and calculates how the movable mirror around. 其计算、姿态感知与反馈、运动都是以单台为基础的。 Its calculation, perception and attitude feedback, sports are based on a single basis. 由于采用公式表达关系,位置信息要转化成数学量参与计算,势必要获取位置信息,复杂性和误差相应带入,同时高精度、 高稳定获取位置信息代价很大。 As a result of formula expressing the relationship between the position information to be converted into a mathematical calculation amount involved in, bound to acquire position information, into the corresponding error and complexity, while high precision, high stability of the position information acquired great expense. 其他环节也会有误差,比如公式误差,校准角度时候带入的初始误差等。 Other aspects will have an error, such error formula, when brought into initial calibration angle errors.

[0223] 本发明采用了最简单,最直接的几何关系表达方式来表达太阳光、镜子、目标三者的关系。 [0223] The present invention employs the simplest and most direct expression expressing the relationship between geometry sunlight, mirrors, three target. 某一个机械臂代表光线来的方向,另外一个机械臂代表光线去向,这两个臂一旦确定,通过它们二者带动一个特殊四边形或者三角形机构确定镜子位置,满足定日关系。 Direction represents a light to a robot arm, and the other representative of light manipulator destination, once the two arms is determined, a special drive quadrilateral or triangular by means both of them to determine the position of the mirror, to satisfy the relationship of heliostats. 把镜面反射关系固化成硬件,简化了定日过程。 The specular reflection of cure as hardware, simplifying the process of heliostats. 硬件误差取决于模具,误差变成可控的公差,加工的时候可以保证,不再变动和累积。 Hardware error depends on the die, into a controllable error tolerances, processing time can be guaranteed, and no cumulative change. 设计模具时候可以一次性设计很精确,安装的时候无需校准、测量。 When a disposable mold can be designed very precise design, installation, when no calibration measurements. 固化的关系,也更稳固、可靠,发生误差和出错的几率更小。 Curing relations, but also more stable, reliable, error occurs and error probability less.

[0224] 2.多台定日镜组成两维连动阵列,共享控制和运动,大大降低成本 [0224] 2. The composition of multiple heliostats interlocking two-dimensional array, and shared control movement, greatly reduce the cost

[0225] 传统的定日镜,由于需要传感器、控制系统、机电等设施,单个定日镜造价受到限制。 [0225] Traditional heliostats, since the required sensors, control systems, mechanical and electrical facilities, individual heliostats limited cost. 所以人们为了降低成本,会将系统做的很大,但又因为抗风等因素不能做的太大,成本还是比较高。 So people in order to reduce costs, the system will do much, but because the wind and other factors can not do too much, the cost is still relatively high.

[0226] 本发明利用活动特殊四边形或者三角形几何结构方式表达定日关系,这是能够多台间连动的前提。 [0226] The present invention utilizes specific activities expressed quadrangular or triangular geometry relations heliostats embodiment, which is provided between the plurality can be interlocked. 因为阵列内每台定日镜活动臂指向是一致的,都指向太阳,而多台间连动把成本降低到别的方案无法达到的地步。 Because each heliostat pointing arm activities within the array is the same, all point to the sun, and across multiple linkage to reduce costs to the point where other solutions can not be achieved. 本发明的连动是很自然的,和几何定日方式相辅相成,浑然一体,二者匹配达到完美结合。 Interlocking the present invention is natural, and geometry complementary manner heliostats, seamless, both matching perfect binding.

[0227] 原定日方法不能连动,因为各台定日镜之间没有一个一致的东西。 [0227] The method can not be scheduled date interlocking, because something is not a consistency between the heliostats. 就算有也局限在一个维度,使用起来困难,因为原定日方法不是为连动设计的,勉强连动不切实际还不如不用。 Even if there is also confined to one dimension, difficult to use, because the original date method is not designed for even move, barely even move might as well not unrealistic. 或者有些虽然能两维连动,但只能是小规模的,但必须全部预制,而且做不大。 While some can be two-dimensional or even move, but only on a small scale, but it must be completely prefabricated, and do not.

[0228] 3.提供一种新型的中小规模塔式聚光方案 [0228] 3. to provide a novel small-scale programs condensing tower

[0229]目前太阳能热发电所用的聚光方式:塔式定日镜、槽式、蝶式、线性菲尼尔系统,主要是这几种方式。 [0229] It concentrating solar thermal power generation mode used: heliostat tower, trough, butterfly, linear Fresnel systems, mainly this in several ways.

[0230] 传统的塔式发电,定日镜从成本考虑,从技术难度考虑,单台反射面一般都是平面,面积不可能很小,同时为了获得一定聚光倍数,定日镜台数也不会很少,如此整体规模就比较大。 [0230] The conventional tower power, heliostats from cost considerations, considerations from a technical difficulty, a single generally planar reflecting surface, a small area is not possible, and in order to obtain a certain concentration magnification, the stage is not the number of heliostats It will be very limited, so the overall size is relatively large. 如果反射面做成弧面提高聚光倍数,会带来严重像差,比蝶式聚光效果差很多, 因此传统塔式定日镜都用在上万平面的大型聚光的场合,在IO-IOOOm2小型聚光场合通常都是被蝶式替代。 If the reflecting surface is a curved surface converging fold increase, will cause serious aberration, much worse than the effect of concentrating the butterfly, traditional tower used in large heliostats are condensed thousands plane occasion, the IO -IOOOm2 small condensation situations are usually butterfly alternative. 目前,只有esolar公司的技术,其规模大小调整比较自由宽松,这是由于它的反射镜都很小。 Currently, only esolar company's technology, which is relatively free to adjust the size loose, due to its very small mirror. 在小型场合,如果采用蝶式,高大的蝶形抛物面在制造、运输、安装都很麻烦,目标在碟子的焦点处,需要跟着碟子动,目标不可能做大。 In small places, if the butterfly, butterfly tall parabolic in the manufacturing, transportation, installation hassle, the focal point of the target in the dish, the dishes need to follow the moving target can not be bigger. 但国外也有人想出一种新奇的方式,如国外人申请的专利CN1447889,利用充气的球撑开一个反射膜,这种方式虽然无需固定装置,但面积大的时候球体非常大,工程实现是个问题,也很难抗风,很难规模化。 However, it was also devised a novel foreign way, people such as foreign patent applications CN1447889, using inflatable ball distraction a reflective film, although need not be fixed in this way means, however, when a large area is very large spheres, engineering implementation is question, it is difficult to wind, difficult to scale.

[0231] 可见全世界各地的人们都在思考更好的聚光方式,规模可以伸缩,目标又不需要动,还能实现两维聚焦,价格还很低。 [0231] visible to people around the world are thinking about a better way of condensing scale retractable, objectives and does not need to move, but also to achieve the two-dimensional focus, the price is still very low. 本发明的能很好地解决以上所有问题,小规模可替代蝶式,大规模也可以做的非常大,效果和成本不随规模大小变化,技术原理完全相同。 The present invention can solve all the above problems, small-scale alternative butterfly, large-scale can do very big, effectiveness and cost does not vary with changes in size, exactly the same technical principles.

[0232] 4.消除已有两维连动方案诸多弊端 [0232] 4. elimination of the existing two-dimensional interlocking scheme many problems

[0233] 与美国专利US7677M1B2相比,本发明采用的是驱动特殊四边形机构活动臂对准光源,通过特殊四边形结内在的几何结构保证反射关系,而美国专利是直接驱动镜子的法线,单个镜子内部没有特别协动机构。 [0233] US7677M1B2 compared with U.S. Patent, the present invention uses a special quadrilateral driving mechanism moveable arm aiming light source, to ensure internal reflection relationship junction through special quadrangular geometry, and U.S. Patent No. normal mirror is a direct drive, single mirror There is no particular internal mechanism in cooperation. 美国专利为保证所有镜子能连动定日,势必要求法线的一端以梅德斯蛘线(Conchoid of Nicomedes)分布。 U.S. Patent No. able to assure that all interlock heliostat mirrors, will require an end of the line normal to Maidstone Yang (Conchoid of Nicomedes) distribution. 这种特殊的分布,要求设定好目标, 再计算并定制蛘线刚体面,特殊刚体曲面越大越难定制。 This special distribution is required to set a good goal, and then calculate and customize Yang line just decent, the more difficult the larger the customized special rigid surface. 而且镜子的法线不等长,两端分布在不同的曲线上,被驱动一端必须穿过驱动刚体面除了左右被带动,还要相对该面能自由上下滑动,造成驱动刚体面中间无支撑,只能是驱动刚体四角的顶点被支撑,面积一大无法保证中间不下垂变形。 Mirror normal and unequal, distributed on different ends of the curve, must be driven through the drive end rigid body is driven in addition to left and right, but also relative to this surface freely slide up and down, resulting in intermediate driving unsupported rigid body, driving only the four corners of a rigid body is supported by the apex, a large area can not guarantee that the intermediate does not sag deformation. 这两个因素造成这种阵列规模很小无法作大。 These two factors can not make such a large array of small scale. 镜子法线驱动一端与驱动刚体面,要万向加上下的连接器制作起来麻烦。 Mirror normal rigid body with the driving end of the drive, to the universal joints plus making up trouble. 而本发明活动臂初始化平行,利用参考安装点的重力线,大范围内重力线相互之间是平行的,然后现场连接连杆面,连杆面是刚体面。 And the movable arm of the present invention, the initialization parallel, gravity installed line reference point, wide range between the line of gravity are parallel to each other, and then connecting link field plane, the link is a rigid body surface. 由于所有活动臂等长,初始又平行,运动的目的也是只要求平行即可,侧面看就是平行四边形运动,连杆面相对于活动臂根本不需要上下滑动,连接器结构简单。 Since all arms of equal length, and parallel to the initial object motion can also only require a parallel, side view a parallelogram motion link surface does not need to slide up and down movable arm, the connector structure simple. 每根连杆都得到活动臂支撑,每个小单元不形变大规模就不会形变,所以规模可以任意扩展,而不用担心连杆面太大变形。 Each link arm activities have been supported, each small unit would not be large-scale deformation without deformation, so the scale can be arbitrarily extended, without worrying too much linkage surface deformation.

[0234] 5.消除像差 [0234] The elimination of aberrations

[0235] 像差引起的能量损失在一天内可达到40%以上,这使得塔式发电的效率受到影响和制约。 [0235] aberration due to the energy loss in one day can be more than 40%, which makes the efficiency of the power generation tower affected and constrained. 而本发明每个镜子比较小,反射光线到达目标何处,是相互独立的,多个镜子反射光斑在目标上课重叠,无论阳光如何运动,重叠部分永远重叠,将光斑变形抑制到最小程度。 And each mirror according to the present invention is relatively small, where the reflected light reaches the target, are independent of each other, a plurality of reflection mirrors spot overlapping target class, regardless of how the movement of the sun, always overlap portion overlapping the spot suppressed to a minimum degree of deformation.

[0236] 在塔式发电应用中,塔顶的吸收器有一定面积,要求光尽量重叠,像差要小。 [0236] In a generating application tower, the overhead of the absorber has a certain area, as far as possible overlapping requirement of the optical aberration to be small. 本发明每台定日镜尺寸比较小,像差小,阵列中的定日镜光斑可重叠。 Each heliostat relatively small size of the present invention, a small aberration, the heliostat array spot may overlap. 虽然每台定日镜尺寸小,但阵列的整体规模可以很大。 Although each heliostat small size, but the overall size of the array can be large.

[0237] 6.简化镜面制作工艺 [0237] 6. The mirror fabrication process simplification

[0238] 本发明阵列中的每面镜子尺寸都不大,都是小于塔顶的吸收器,只要平面镜就行。 [0238] Each mirror array dimension according to the present invention is not large, it is smaller than the overhead of the absorber, as long as the mirror on the line. 平面的镜子制造工艺非常成熟,无需特殊的模具,也无需安装手工微调装置。 Plane mirror manufacturing process is very mature, no special mold, there is no need to install manual adjustment device.

[0239] 7.增加自动灰尘刷子,实时清理镜面 [0239] 7. Add automatic dust brush, clean real mirror

[0240] 本发明靠一个可绕固定臂旋转的特殊四边形或者三角形结构运动来定日,活动臂和固定臂与镜面的角度和距离会发生变化,这个运动可带动灰尘刷,如具体实施中描述的。 [0240] The present invention is fixed on a rotatable arm about a particular quadrangular or triangular configuration heliostats motion, the movable arm and fixed arm angle and distance of the mirror surface will change, this movement can be driven dust brush, as described in the specific embodiments of. 刷子在与镜面的贴身摩擦运动中,将镜面的灰尘刷去,由于并排2个以上刷子有一定间距, 保证能刷到整个镜面。 Brush-body frictional movement of the mirror, the mirror dust brushed off, since the two or more side by side with a certain distance brushes, brush to guarantee that the whole mirror. 由于有拉紧弹簧,所以刷子向下对镜面有一定压力,刷的效果比较好。 Because tension spring, so that the brush has a certain downward pressure on the mirror, the brush effect is better.

[0241] 在机构两侧都可安装灰尘刷,各负责一侧清理镜面。 [0241] dust can be installed on both sides of the brush bodies, one on each side of the mirror clean. 在定日镜运动过程中,特殊四边形或者三角形结构会随着改变,灰尘刷在连动机构作用下,自动运动清理镜面,可清理大部分的镜面。 In heliostat movement, triangular or quadrangular special structure will change with dust brush under the action of the interlocking mechanism, automatic movement clean mirror, the mirror can be cleaned up most. 通过这个结构,可使得镜子在很长一段时间内,保持其反射率在一个稳定的值,而无需人工清洗,节省了大量的人力物力,为塔式定日镜发电站维护节省大量开支。 With this configuration, such a mirror may be a long period of time, to maintain the reflectance at a stable value without the need for manual cleaning, saving a lot of manpower and resources, to maintain the power station tower heliostat considerable savings.

[0242] 8.减轻风力对镜面的影响,抗风能力强 [0242] 8. Effect of mirror reduce the wind, and strong wind

[0243] 本发明的定日镜是阵列式,每台很小,镜面高度不到2米。 [0243] The present invention is heliostat array, each small mirror height of less than 2 meters. 每台定日镜的两个旋转轴组成的两维旋转中心正好在镜子中央,相对于轴上下左右面积一样,所以上下左右镜子相对于轴的转动力矩几乎为零。 Two two-dimensional rotation center axis of rotation of each heliostat mirror consisting of just the central, left and right with respect to the axis of the same area, so that the vertical and horizontal axis of the mirror with respect to the rotational torque is nearly zero. 即使受风,上下左右受力相互抵消。 Even the wind, up and down forces cancel each other out. 支撑柱靠阵列底部结构固定的,像一张钢结构网一样铺开摊在地面上,重心非常非常低,有很强的抗风能力。 Array against the bottom of the support post fixing structure, like a steel net spread as spread on the ground, the center of gravity is very low, there is a strong wind resistance. 本发明还提及连杆面固定机构加强连杆面固定,因此本发明的定日镜可以在大风中正常工作, 在强风中也不会损坏。 The present invention also refers to the link fixing mechanism side face reinforcing rod is fixed, and therefore the present invention heliostats can work in high winds, it will not be damaged in strong winds.

[0244] 9.安装简单方便 [0244] 9. easy to install

[0245] 本发明的定日镜支撑柱之间有钢结构支架互相固定,组成一个个钢结构模块,每台定日镜的支撑立柱只要安插于钢结构模块中固定即可。 [0245] There are steel brackets to each other to form a heliostat between a steel support post module according to the present invention, the support posts each heliostat placed in steel as long as the module can be fixed. 安装的时候,直接在地面上放置钢结构模块即可。 When installed, the module can be placed directly on the steel surface.

[0246] 有了阵列化的钢结构支撑系统,能够大大简化安装,可以安装与稍有高度起伏的土地地面,无需铺设混凝土。 [0246] With an array of steel support system, greatly simplifies installation and can be installed with a height slightly undulating surface of the ground, without laying concrete. 模块的扩展和缩减非常方便,需要移动的时候也非常简单,可以整体或者模块化移动。 Expansion and reduce the module is very convenient, we also need to move very simple, you can move the whole or modular.

[0247] 理论上,一个阵列最多可以由千面镜子组成,如果驱动系统力量够大的话。 [0247] Theoretically, an array of up to one thousand mirrors composition, if the power of the drive system is big enough.

[0248] 10.能主动防沙尘暴、冰雹、大雪等特别恶劣天气 [0248] 10. The energy active anti-dust storms, hail, snow and other inclement weather in particular,

[0249] 本发明的连动杆组成的面始终在定日镜上方,像一个天然的支架,而且比较低矮。 [0249] surface of the interlocking rods of the present invention is always above the heliostat mirrors, like a natural scaffold, and relatively low. 当沙尘暴、大雪、冰雹来临之际,可通过阵列外侧两边安装的滑轨拉一块大帆布遮住整个阵列。 When the storm, snow, hail approaching, a large canvas cover can be pulled through the entire array outer rails installed on both sides of the array. 帆布四周固定,中央落在连杆面上,变成一个帐篷,定日镜在帐篷内部被保护起来。 Canvas four weeks a fixed central rod surface falls into a tent, the heliostats are protected inside the tent.

Claims (33)

1. 一种定日镜,包括反射镜、镜面支架以及定日机构,所述反射镜平放于镜面支架上, 其特征在于,所述定日机构为一四边形,所述四边形由相邻的等长的固定臂和活动臂以及相邻的等长第三和第四边组成,一连接轴穿过所述活动臂和固定臂的交点,该连接轴同时穿过所述镜面支架上的横梁与所述镜面支架固定连接,其中固定臂沿两臂的交点与接收器的连线延伸,活动臂沿阳光入射方向延伸,一对角线杆连接所述活动臂和固定臂的交点与所述第三和第四边夹角顶点,所述对角线杆始终垂直或平行于反射镜镜面,所述定日机构可带动所述反射镜分别绕所述固定臂以及两臂的连接轴转动。 A heliostat comprises a mirror, and the mirror holder mechanism heliostats, the flat mirror on the mirror holder, characterized in that said means is a quadrangular heliostats, the quadrangle by adjacent of equal length and fixed and moveable arms adjacent to the third and fourth side isometric composition, a connecting shaft passing through the intersection of said movable arm and fixed arm, the connecting shaft while passing through the beam on the mirror holder fixedly connected to said mirror holder, wherein the connection with the receiver extends intersection along the arms of the fixed arm, the movable arm extends in the direction of the incident light, the intersection of a diagonal line connecting said movable lever arm and said fixed arm and the third and fourth side apex angle, the diagonal bars always perpendicular or parallel to the mirror reflector, the mechanism may be driven by the heliostat mirrors are rotated about the axis connecting the fixing arm, and the arms.
2.如权利要求1所述的定日镜,其特征在于,所述固定臂与任一臂/边的交点向外延长,成为一个圆形轴。 2. The heliostat as recited in claim 1, wherein the intersection with either arm fixing arm / side extend outwardly, into a circular shaft.
3.如权利要求2所述的定日镜,其特征在于,所述固定臂和所述两臂的连接轴相互垂直。 Heliostat according to claim 2, characterized in that the fixed arm and the two arms connected to axes perpendicular to each other.
4.如权利要求3所述的定日镜,其特征在于,所述四边形的各条臂和边在同一平面内, 相邻的两个臂和/或边通过一轴可动连接,其中一个臂/边为门形结构,另一个臂/边插入该门形结构。 4. The heliostat as recited in claim 3, characterized in that the pieces of the arms of the quadrilateral and the side in the same plane, two adjacent arms and / or edges are connected by a movable shaft, wherein a arm / side of door structure, the other arm / side inserted in the door structure.
5.如权利要求4所述的定日镜,其特征在于,所述对角线杆通过一个可在该对角线杆上下滑动内固定滑动轴承的接头与所述第三和第四边连接,其中所述内固定滑动轴承的接头两侧面为门形结构,所述第三和第四臂分别播入该门形结构,二者通过轴连接。 5. The heliostat as recited in claim 4, wherein said diagonal line of the fixed connector may be a slide bearing sliding the third and fourth edges connected at the diagonal rod by rod wherein both side surfaces of the connector fixed to the slide bearing door structure, said third and fourth arms are sown in the door structure, both connected by a shaft.
6.如权利要求1所述的定日镜,其特征在于,所述对角线杆垂直于反射镜镜面时,所述定日机构可位于反射镜的上方或下方。 6. The heliostat as recited in claim 1, characterized in that the diagonal bars above or below the mirror perpendicular to the mirror, means may be located in the heliostat mirrors.
7.如权利要求1所述的定日镜,其特征在于,所述对角线杆平行于反射镜镜面时,所述定日机构可位于反射镜的侧面。 7. The heliostat as recited in claim 1, wherein said lever is parallel to the reflecting diagonal mirror surface, means may be located on the side of the heliostat mirrors.
8.如权利要求1所述的定日镜,其特征在于,还包括一个镜面自洁机构,该镜面自洁机构通过一个连杆连接于支架的活动臂或固定臂上,连杆的一端设有带有若干刷条的刷杆。 8. The heliostat as recited in claim 1, wherein the mirror further comprising a self-cleaning mechanism, the mirror self-cleaning mechanism is connected to a fixed or moving arm carrier by a link arm, one end of the rod provided a plurality of brush rod having a brush bar.
9.如权利要求8所述的定日镜,其特征在于,所述刷杆与连杆之间通过一个轴连接,所述连杆可绕该轴转动。 9. The heliostat as recited in claim 8, wherein said brush between the rod and the link are connected by a shaft, the link may rotate about the shaft.
10.如权利要求9所述的定日镜,其特征在于,所述活动臂与所述连杆之间设有一个拉紧弹簧。 10. The heliostat as recited in claim 9, characterized in that a tension spring is provided between the active arm and the rod.
11. 一种定日镜,包括反射镜、镜面支架以及定日机构,所述反射镜平放在镜面支架上, 其特征在于,所述定日机构为等腰三角形,所述等腰三角形的两腰为固定臂和活动臂,一个连接轴垂直于该等腰三角形的平面,穿过所述固定臂与该等腰三角形第三边的顶点,同时该连接轴与所述镜面支架固定连接,所述固定臂沿固定臂与第三边的顶点与接收器的连线延伸,所述活动臂沿阳光入射方向延伸,所述第三边垂直或平行于所述反射镜镜面固定,所述定日机构可带动所述反射镜面分别绕所述固定臂及固定臂与第三边的连接轴转动。 11. A heliostat comprises a mirror, and the mirror holder mechanism heliostats, the flat mirror on the mirror holder, wherein the heliostat means is an isosceles triangle of waist two fixed and moveable arms, a connecting shaft perpendicular to the plane of the isosceles triangle passing through the apex of the isosceles triangle with the fixed arm of the third side, while the connecting shaft fixedly connected to said mirror holder, the fixed arm extends along the third side connecting the fixed arm with the apex of the receiver, the movable arm extends in the direction of the incident light, the third side perpendicular or parallel to the reflecting mirror surface is fixed, the fixed day mechanism may drive the mirror and the connecting shaft are rotated about the third side of the fixed arm and the fixed arm.
12.如权利要求11所述的定日镜,其特征在于,所述固定臂与任一臂/边的交点向外延长,成为一个圆形轴。 12. The heliostat as recited in claim 11, wherein the intersection with either arm fixing arm / side extend outwardly, into a circular shaft.
13.如权利要求12所述的定日镜,其特征在于,所述固定臂轴与所述连接轴相互垂直。 13. The heliostat as recited in claim 12, wherein said stationary shaft and the connecting arm axis perpendicular to each other.
14.如权利要求13所述的定日镜,其特征在于,所述三角形的各条边在同一平面内,相邻两个臂/边之间通过一轴连接,其中一个臂为门形,另一个臂插入该门形结构。 14. The heliostat as recited in claim 13, characterized in that each side of the triangle are connected by a shaft in the same plane, between two adjacent arms / sides, which is a gate-shaped arm, the other arm is inserted into the door structure.
15.如权利要求14所述的定日镜,其特征在于,所述第三条边上设有可沿该边上下滑动的滑动轴承套接头,轴承套接头侧边是门形,所述活动臂一端插入该门形内,二者通过轴连接。 15. The heliostat as recited in claim 14, wherein said third edge is provided slidably along the lower edge of the sliding sleeve joint bearing, the bearing sleeve is a gate-shaped fitting side, the movable One end of the arm inserted into the gate-shaped, both connected by a shaft.
16.如权利要求11所述的定日镜,其特征在于,所述第三边垂直于所述反射镜镜面时, 所述定日机构位于反射镜的上方或下方。 16. The heliostat as recited in claim 11, wherein, perpendicular to said third side above or below said reflective mirror surface, said means located heliostat mirrors.
17.如权利要求11所述的定日镜,其特征在于,所述第三边平行于所述反射镜镜面时, 所述定日机构位于反射镜的侧面。 17. The heliostat as recited in claim 11, wherein said third side is parallel to the mirror when the mirror means at the side of the heliostat mirrors.
18.如权利要求11所述的定日镜,其特征在于,还包括一个镜面自洁机构,该镜面自洁机构通过一个连杆连接于支架的活动臂上,连杆的一端设有带有若干刷子的连接杆。 18. The heliostat as recited in claim 11, wherein the mirror further comprising a self-cleaning mechanism, the mirror self-cleaning mechanism is connected to the movable frame by means of a link arm, one end of the rod is provided with a plurality of brush connecting rod.
19.如权利要求18所述的定日镜,其特征在于,所述连接杆与连杆之间通过一个轴连接,所述连杆可绕该轴转动。 19. The heliostat as recited in claim 18, characterized in that, between the rod and the link are connected by a connecting shaft, the link may rotate about the shaft.
20.如权利要求18所述的定日镜,其特征在于,所述活动臂与所述连杆之间设有一个拉紧弹簧。 20. The heliostat as recited in claim 18, characterized in that a tension spring is provided between the active arm and the rod.
21. 一种定日镜支撑架,用于支撑前述权利要求1-20中的定日镜,该支撑架包括一个支撑柱、连接头、调节杆和固定杆,其特征在于,所述固定杆一端通过所述连接头固定于支撑柱一端,另外一端与所述调节杆固定,所述固定杆一端轴向内套轴承,所述定日镜定日机构固定臂延长的轴插入该轴承,所述固定杆两端点与接收器三点成一线,所述调节杆一端通过抱箍与支撑柱固定,另外一端嵌入固定杆沟槽内固定,所述支撑柱,调节杆和固定杆组成一个方位角和仰角可调三角形。 21. A heliostat support frame for supporting the preceding claims 1-20 heliostats, the support frame comprising a support column, connector, lever and the fixed rod, wherein the rod the connector is fixed by one end to the support post end, the other end inserted into the fixed bearing and the adjusting lever, the rod axially inner end of the bearing sleeve, the heliostat heliostat shaft means fixed arm extension, the said fixed rod both ends of the receiver three o'clock point and a line, the adjusting lever having one end fixed to the support hoop through the column, the other end is fitted and fixed within the groove fixation rod, said supporting column, the adjusting lever and a fixed azimuth rods and adjustable elevation triangle.
22.如权利要求21所述的定日镜支撑架,其特征在于,所述支撑柱一端有一边缘带槽的圆盘。 22. The heliostat support bracket according to claim 21, wherein said support post at one end edge of a slotted disc.
23.如权利要求21所述的定日镜支撑架,其特征在于,所述连接头一端是一个带槽的圆盘,圆盘上方有轴支撑架。 23. The heliostat support bracket according to claim 21, wherein said disc is connected to the head end of a grooved shaft support frame above the disk.
24.如权利要求21所述的定日镜支撑架,其特征在于,所述支撑柱另外一端有与阵列间结构固定的孔。 24. The heliostat support bracket according to claim 21, wherein the other end of the support post fixed between the hole array structure.
25. 一种半连动定日镜阵列装置,其特征在于,包括多台如权利要求1-20中任一项所述的定日镜,用于驱动各个所述定日镜的步进电机,以及一个共用的跟踪器,所述跟踪器安装于其中某一台定日镜上,所述定日镜的活动臂平行设置,所述跟踪器将跟踪信号传送至所有定日镜的步进电机,驱动各个活动臂使定日镜动作。 25. A semi-linked heliostat array device, characterized by comprising a heliostat according to any of claims 1-20 as a plurality, for driving each of the stepping motor heliostat and a common track, said track is mounted to the one in which heliostats, the heliostat movable arm disposed parallel to the tracker tracking signal to a stepping all heliostats motor, driving the respective movable arm of the heliostat operation.
26. —种全连动定日镜阵列装置,其特征在于,包括多台如权利要求1-20中任一项所述的定日镜,用于驱动定日镜的驱动装置,以及一个共用的跟踪器,所述跟踪器安装于其中某一台定日镜上,所述定日镜通过阵列间结构固定呈共边的三角形分布形成陈列,各固定臂分别对准目标,各定日镜活动臂由连杆构成的连杆面,连杆与活动臂连接处到两臂连接处的距离每台都相同,该连杆面与驱动机构相连,带动所有活动臂对准光源,所述连杆可以安装活动臂上或者下延长线上。 26. - Species heliostat arrays whole interlocking means, characterized in that it comprises a heliostat according to any of claims 1-20 as a plurality of drive means for driving the heliostat, and a common tracker, wherein said track is mounted to the one heliostats, the heliostat array structure is fixed by inter-edge-shape profile forming a triangular display, each of the arms are fixed at the target, each heliostat surface active arm by a link rod configuration, the link arm is connected to the movable distance of each of the two arms are connected to the same surface of the link connected to the drive mechanism to drive the movable arm all aiming light source, even the or may be mounted on the mobile arm lever the extension line.
27.如权利要求沈所述的全连动定日镜阵列装置,其特征在于,所述连杆的长度是无级可调的。 27. The heliostat array interlocking whole sink apparatus according to claim, characterized in that the length of the link is infinitely variable.
28.如权利要求27所述的全连动定日镜阵列装置,其特征在于,所述连杆通过万向连接器连接于活动臂。 28. The heliostat arrays whole interlocking means according to claim 27, wherein said rod is connected by a universal joint to the movable arm.
29.如权利要求27所述的全连动定日镜阵列装置,其特征在于,所述连杆通过十字轴连接器连接于活动臂。 29. The heliostat array device according to the whole interlocking claim 27, wherein said link is connected by a cross shaft connected to the movable arm.
30.如权利要求沈所述的全连动定日镜阵列装置,其特征在于,还包括一个防扭动装置,设于定日镜阵列的三角形中央,通过三根杆与定日镜连杆面固定。 30. The heliostat array interlocking whole sink apparatus according to claim, characterized in that, further comprising an anti-twist means, disposed in the central triangular heliostat array by three heliostat link rod surface fixed.
31.如权利要求30所述的全连动定日镜阵列装置,其特征在于,所述防扭动装置是一个上下有十字轴的可伸缩杆。 31. Claim 30 full interlocking heliostat array device, characterized in that the anti-twist means is a vertical cross shaft may have a telescopic rod.
32.如权利要求沈所述的全连动定日镜阵列装置,其特征在于,所述驱动装置包括电机,变速箱,以及一个活动臂,该活动臂通过连杆与定日镜的活动臂相连。 32. The heliostat array interlocking whole sink apparatus according to claim, wherein said drive means includes a motor, gearbox, and a movable arm, the movable arm via a link arm heliostat activity connected.
33.如权利要求32所述的全连动定日镜阵列装置,其特征在于,所述驱动装置为多套, 分布于所述阵列的边角。 33. The full claim 32 heliostat arrays interlocking means, characterized in that the drive means is a plurality sets distributed in the corners of the array.
CN2010105167417A 2010-10-22 2010-10-22 Heliostat and interlocking heliostat array device CN102087400B (en)

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CN102706013A (en) * 2012-06-21 2012-10-03 常州市亚美电气制造有限公司 Automatic adjustment and conversion control device for heliostat in tower-type solar heat collecting power generation system
CN102706010A (en) * 2012-06-21 2012-10-03 常州市亚美电气制造有限公司 Passive automatic tracking system for heliostat of novel tower type solar heat collection system
CN103307774A (en) * 2013-05-30 2013-09-18 湘电集团有限公司 Disc type parabolic mirror device and small mirror plane casing device thereof
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CN102706013A (en) * 2012-06-21 2012-10-03 常州市亚美电气制造有限公司 Automatic adjustment and conversion control device for heliostat in tower-type solar heat collecting power generation system
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CN103532484A (en) * 2013-10-25 2014-01-22 常州市亚美电气制造有限公司 Driven support of small-medium tower-type solar reflective heliostat

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